Sabr

Sabr or patience is something I often struggle with. Not because I am always impatient but because I struggle with how people define it and as a result what they say people should do in situations that require you to be patient.

Yes patience means that we endure the hardship without complaining about why you have been put through this, it’s a test from Allah and we all know the ayah that speaks about hardship. We are never given hardship without also being given ease.

“Verily, with hardship there is ease.” Quran (94:6)

But what I find astounding is how many people use that in situations of abuse, of someone living in a toxic environment. I have even heard people say that a person should patiently live in an abusive situation. It is something I often hear directed at women, stay and be patient, do it for the sake of the children. And I could never wrap my head around this. Why should she stay? How is staying equated to being patient?

Sabr is one of the greatest virtues to have as a Muslim, we all know this but sabr is not suffering in silence.

I think one of the reasons is that we forget that sabr is much more than patience, it also means endurance, perseverance and persistence. To know when to respond and when not to respond. Arabic is a much richer and complex language than English so words can lose some of their meaning in translation.

So sabr is not passive, we aren’t supposed to just stay in that situation that is toxic or abusive, it means we stand firm, that we take action to change our situation. So to take action, to stand firm, we need sabr, so we can persevere.

It reminds me of the hadith:

The Prophet (saw) said: Whosoever of you sees an evil, let him change it with his hand; and if he is not able to do so, then [let him change it] with his tongue; and if he is not able to do so, then with his heart — and that is the weakest of faith.” (Muslim)

This is how we should respond to abuse, and that means that if someone brings up the courage to come to us and say that are being abused we should take action. We should help them get out of that situation, not tell them to be patient.

It makes me so mad when I hear of situations where women aren’t given support and told to just endure it, using children to shackle them to the abusive husband. It goes against what we are taught and it will not benefit the wife or the children. How can children grow up safely in an abusive environment and how can that be better than living with a single parent but safe?

Sabr is not standing still. Sabr is not being passive. Sabr is the endurance necessary to make the change needed to move one step closer to where Allah wants us to be. – Yasmin Mogahed

An Explanation of Allahs Names and Attributes part 24

80) As Samee’
This Name of Allah appears in the Qur’an 45 times.
For example Allah says:
Certainly has Allah heard the speech of the one who argues with you, [O Muhammad], concerning her husband and directs her complaint to Allah . And Allah hears your dialogue; indeed, Allah is Hearing and Seeing. [al Mujaadilah 58:1]
Allah also says:
 
And [mention] when Abraham was raising the foundations of the House and [with him] Ishmael, [saying], “Our Lord, accept [this] from us. Indeed You are the Hearing, the Knowing [al Baqarah 2:127]
 
Linguistic meaning: 
1) comes from sama’a or sami’a Lisaan al arab defines sami’a as something whereby you use your ears to hear a sound. The attribute of sound to ears is for the majority of creation but not for all. The more correct definition is ability to hear.
2) To grant a request. Allah grants requests; He hears adiyah [plural of du’a] and grants them.
 
Shar’ee meaning:
The One, The Mighty, The great, who hears the entire creation, who hears all sounds and all voices, regardless how loud or how quiet they are or they are said all together or separately. He hears everything, even those things that don’t make an apparent sound, such as whispers of the heart, whispers of the mind. As-Samee‘ refers to the perfection and the totality of Allah‘s hearing, which cannot be compared with the hearing of any other created being. Al Khattabi says: He hears everything clearly, hears all sounds, noises, voices, whispers. It is not possible for a sound to be made except that Allah can hear it.
Ibn Qayyim says: the action of hearing carries 4 meanings;
1) Allah hears all voices and all sounds
2) Allah doesn’t just hear them, Allah understands all of it. Someone who is mute, Allah still understands/knows what He means, even though there’s no formation of words and sentences.
3) Allah responds to all sounds and all voices.
4) Acceptance and submission. Allah knows exactly what has been said and how it has been said, He knows the exact meaning and He knows the response that will be delivered and no one can change what has been said. Submit to the fact that Allah is all Hearing. As Samiee’.
Ibn Qayyim says after mentioning these 4 principles: As Samee’ is the One who rose over His creation with His hearing. Hears all sounds and all voices. He doesn’t get confused, and He hears them all clearly and responds to them all clearly. No one can understand the hearing of Allah and no one can be similar in the hearing of Allah. Allah doesn’t become busy or over busy by responding to different calls and providing different requests. He is samee’ in form of mubaalagah (exaggeration) and He is perfect in this. Allah hears all sounds, the apparent and the hidden, the loud and the quiet and He responds to the call of the one who calls. Allah listens to the one who praises Him
Benefits we can take from this Name:
1. We affirm the siffat of hearing of Allah. It is a matter of ‘aqeedah. Ahlus Sunnah believe Allah has the siffat of hearing, not like anything else.
[He is] Creator of the heavens and the earth. He has made for you from yourselves, mates, and among the cattle, mates; He multiplies you thereby. There is nothing like unto Him, and He is the Hearing, the Seeing. [ash Shuraa 42:11]
2. Having khawf. Fear that Allah can hear everything we say, better than we can hear it ourself. His hearing and seeing encompasses everything. Allah sees the black ant on the black rock in the black night. Refrain from speaking bad, fearing the punishment of Allah.
3. We should be proud and have tawakkul and have comfort in knowing that we have a Lord that hears our cries. Not only hears, but a Lord that responds as well. Allah knows, sees everything in the Heavens and the Earth. Allah is with you wherever you go, in His ‘ilm, hearing and seeing all. Have tawakkul and hope because Allah hears our du’a and He responds to our trust and reliance upon Him. The Ambiya used to make du’a to Allah regularly as been mentioned throughout the Qur’an.
There is not a thing that is vague to Allah. We haven’t seen Rasoolullah sallalahu alayhi wassalam but we heard about him and know about him. Allah has seen everything, He is the greatest shaheed [witness], He has seen everything, heard everything and knows about everything.
4. Study the etiquette of speech for a Muslim. How do you know if your speech is pleasing to As-Samee‘ if you do not study His book and the sunnah of the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him? Learn about the prohibitions of the tongue, like backbiting, swearing, and lying and refrain from doing them. Study the types of speech As-Samee‘ loves to hear from you, like dhikr, good advice, kind words to others, and reciting the Quran and engage in doing these frequently.
5. Feel sami‘Allahu liman hamidah‘ . Next to the amazing Hearing of Allah, The beautiful Name As-Samee‘ also means He answers our prayers. After bowing in prayer we say: sami‘Allahu liman hamidah (Allah hears the one who praises Him). We know that Allah hears us; this means that Allah answers those who praise Him and seek Him in prayer. Now every time you say sami‘Allahu liman hamidah, feel that Allah is The All-Hearer and make the intention to strive that He only hears good from you.
6. Be comforted by As-Samee‘. When Allah azza wa jall sent Musa and Harun to confront the Pharaoh, He comforted them with the words:
[Allah] said; Fear not. Indeed, I am with you (both); I hear and I see. [Ta Ha 20:46] As-Samee‘ hears and answers your prayers, so invoke Him and supplicate to Him. Remember that dua‘ is the weapon of the believer and can make the mountains shake.
7. Ask As-Samee‘ to bless your hearing. Allah – As-Samee‘ loves those who use the abilities He gave them for His sake. Ask Him to help you to use your hearing and your tongue only for things pleasing to Him.
 
As Samee’ and other Names
As Samee’ is mentioned with Al Qareeb. Allah says:
 
Say, “If I should err, I would only err against myself. But if I am guided, it is by what my Lord reveals to me. Indeed, He is Hearing and near.” [Saba 34:50]
When a person asks Allah for something, Allah hears it and then Allah becomes close to Him. We get closer to Allah by requesting.
Allah says:
And when My servants ask you, [O Muhammad], concerning Me – indeed I am near. I respond to the invocation of the supplicant when he calls upon Me. [al Baqarah 2:186]
81) Al Baseer
This Name of Allah Appears in the Qur’an 42 times. For example Allah says:
 
Exalted is He who took His Servant by night from al-Masjid al-Haram to al-Masjid al- Aqsa, whose surroundings We have blessed, to show him of Our signs. Indeed, He is the Hearing, the Seeing. [al Israa 17:1]
Allah also says:
 
And Allah judges with truth, while those they invoke besides Him judge not with anything. Indeed, Allah – He is the Hearing, the Seeing. [al Ghaafir 40:20]
 
Lingustic meaning:
mentioned in lisaan al ‘Arab: comes from the root word, basara, which means, the ability to see.
 
Share’ee meaning:
At Tabbari says: Allah is Baseer, He possesses the ability to see. He sees absolutely everything. The smallest, the greatest, the actions we do and those that we don’t do. His ‘ilm through His seeing encompasses the heavens and the earth. He memorises and He remembers what He sees, until there comes a day where He will inform everyone of what they done and punish and reward accordingly.
Al Khattabi says: Allah is Baseer of the smallest of thing. Allah sees the black ant walking on black stone, in depth of black water in the dark black night. His vision encompasses everything. No one can leave the vision of Allah. Allah is Baseer in mubaalagha form – nothing can go out of His vision. As Sa’di says: Allah sees everything, He sees the Heavens and earth and everything it contains, He sees the smallest of things, sees that which is inside a person body and the things that are covered, the apparent and the hidden, the strength of people, their bones, their limbs, the water inside trunks of trees, He sees the air that the trees breathe, He sees all things however small or large, for He is Al Baseer – complete and perfect in His vision, and in His ‘ilm.
Two types of seeing of Allah
1) Allah sees everything in the heavens and the earth, the hidden and the apparent.
2) Allah sees the needs, request and requirements of everyone.
 
Benefits we can learn from this Name:
1. Increases our fear. The fact that Allah sees the whole of creation and everything we do and every breath we take, shows who Allah is. A man once came to Muhammad ibn Adam (from the salaf) and said give me some advice on how I can sin. Muhammad ibn Adam said; find a place where Allah cannot see you, in a place that doesn’t belong to Allah, and sin without using a blessing that He has given you.” It is not possible to do this, thus there is no place where a person can sin.
2. Watch your deeds. How many times have you watched your deeds when certain people were around? As a Muslim one of your tasks is to mind the acts of your limbs and your heart anytime, anywhere, and in any company. A practical tip is to imagine yourself being watched by a camera which follows you 24/7, whether you are with people or all alone. The sight of Al-Baseer cannot be topped by a hundred million cameras.
3. Truly being a mukhlis, someone who has ikhlaas, in all actions. Because Allah sees our actions and how we do them and who we really do them for. Allah sees the zhaahir and baatin, the things that can be seen and can’t be seen.
4. Worship Allah as if we can see Him, and if we can’t do this, then worship Allah knowing He can see us. If we remember this then our Khushoo’ in Salah will increase.
 
5. Strive for quality. Knowing that Allah sees everything you do encourages you to be more devoted in your worship, more righteous in your deeds, and kinder to others. This is why Rasoolullah sallalahu alayhi wassalm, said:
Excellence in faith is to worship your Lord as if you see Him, and though You do not see Him, know that He sees you. [Al-Bukhari, Muslim] Strive for ehsaan (excellence) in every act you do.
6. Trust in Al-Baseer at all times. He sees every obstacle and sorrow you face and everything others do to you, He is the Only One Who only gives you what is good for you at all times. Therefore submit and put all your trust in Him only. Al-Baseer says:
And rely upon the Exalted in Might, the Merciful, who sees you when you arise (to pray) and your movement among those who prostrate. Indeed He is the Hearing, the Knowing [ash Shu’araa 26: 217-219]
7. Presevere. Al-Baseer reassured the Prophet sallalahu alayhi wassalam and says:
And be patient [O Muhammad] for the decision of your Lord, for indeed you are in Our Eyes. And exalt [Allah] with praise of your Lord when you arise [at Tur 52:48]
Isn‘t it the most comfortable and reassuring feeling for your heart knowing as a believer Your Lord is so close to you and sees and hears everything you go through? When others do injustice to you and no one seems to notice, take strength from the fact that Al-Baseer is seeing them and will recompense for it.
8. Believe in the decree of Al-Baseer. Whenever Allah creates something, grants something, gives life, causes death, guides someone, or allows someone to stray, it is in accordance with His wisdom, His perfect knowledge, and His complete vision that nothing can escape from.
Fighting has been enjoined upon you while it is hateful to you. But perhaps you hate a thing and it is good for you; and perhaps you love a thing and it is bad for you. And Allah knows while you know. [al Baqarah 2:216] Al-Baseer observes how you respond to His ayaat. Believe that everything Al-Baseer does is a complete tailor-made test for you and only for your own good, even though you might not like it.
9. Seek refuge in Al-Baseer. Knowing that Allah is the All-Seeing protects the believer from committing sins. Since Allah azza wa jall is taking account of everything we do, there is no escape from Him except to seek refuge with Him. Use the isti‘aadhah (saying: a‘oodhu billaahi minash-shaytaanir rajeem) a lot in your daily life, in times of anger, fear, and despair.
10. Ask Al-Baseer to bless your sight. Allah Al-Baseer loves those who use the abilities He gave them for His sake. Ask Him to help you to use your sight and insight only for things pleasing to Him.
11. Make dua to Al-Baseer abundantly. Al-Baseer sees every hardship you face, so invoke Him and supplicate to Him. Remember at all times; the fact that you are able to make sujood and even say Yaa Allah is a blessing that surpasses all others.
 
Al Baseer and other Names
Allah mentiones Al Baseer in conjunction with Al kabeer -1) the specialist 2) the One with inner knowledge (Aleem is outer knowledge). The reason behind this pairing is that Allah is Al Baseer in mubaalagah – exaggerated form. He is a specialist in seeing, but along with that He sees the inner details of the actions of our hearts. So Him being Al Khabeer is also related to Him being Al Baseer. As Al Baseer, the One who see every single thing, He is also Al Khabeer, the One who knows of every detail of every single thing. Allah also mentions Al Baseer with As Samee’ – Just as Allah sees everything, He hears everything and there’s nothing He does not hear or see.
82) Ash Shaheed
This Name of Allah appears in the Qu’ran 18 times. For example Allah says:
I said not to them except what You commanded me – to worship Allah , my Lord and your Lord. And I was a witness over them as long as I was among them; but when You took me up, You were the Observer over them, and You are, over all things, Witness.
[al Maeda 5:117]
Allah also says:
 
But Allah bears witness to that which He has revealed to you. He has sent it down with His knowledge, and the angels bear witness [as well]. And sufficient is Allah as Witness.
[an Nisaa 4:166]
 
Linguistic meaning: 
1) One who testifies over the whole of creation, witnesses over them whilst knowing everything that they do, and one day this witness will inform and declare everything its seen and heard from its knowledge.
2) The one who testifies, offer testimony.
3) To have knowledge of something.
Shar’ee meaning:
At Tabbari says: Allah will testify because He was a witness over everything, both the apparent and the hidden. It is a follow up from the Names As Sami’ Al Baseer. Extreme form of being a witness, Ash Shaheed – a witness over entire creation, He has seen and heard everything, the knowledge from vision can never be changed or forgotten. Al Khattabi says: there is not a single thing that is hidden from Him, He is Ash Shaahid, and Ash Shaheed. Allah has seen everything and will declare it because of the fact that He has seen it. He has witnessed everything with vision and hearing all of the actions that took place, then being haafeedh, He protects/memorises them, and then He will inform us of them on that day.
 
Benefits we can learn from this Name
1. Allah is overall the most powerful witness over entire creation because He has heard and seen everything. Everything is encompassed in His knowledge. The believer has a great warning and a great fear with this Name. On yawmal qiyyamah, Ash Shaheed will testify against him and a he would have great fear. What other argument will this person have, when Allah Ash-Shaheed is a witness against him. There is no greater witness and testimony but Allah’s. Ash-Shaheed is witnessing every step you take and will take you to account. Use this tip: when you are about to do something wrong, look up at the sky and imagine Ash-Shaheed watching you.
 
2. His Shahadah (testimony) is the greatest of Shahadah.
Say, “What thing is greatest in testimony?” Say, “Allah is witness between me and you. And this Qur’an was revealed to me that I may warn you thereby and whomever it reaches. Do you [truly] testify that with Allah there are other deities?” Say, “I will not testify [with you].” Say, “Indeed, He is but one God, and indeed, I am free of what you associate [with Him].” [al An’aam 6:19]
This grants and instils in us fear. Allah is the One who testifies that there is none worthy of worship but Him. And on yawmal qiyyamah He will have the greatest shahadah.
 
3. Say the sahahda, live the shahada. The Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam said:
Man shahida an la ilaha illallah dakhala al-jannah – Whoever witnesses that there is no god but Allah alone enters Paradise.[Muslim]. Your testimony of faith in Allah is something you not only utter, but that which you must live by. When you say ‘I bear witness there is no god but Allah’ it means that in your talk and actions, in your house or outside you, show that you love Allah more than anyone else, you accept Him as your Creator, Master and Ruler of the universe, that you worship Him alone in all matters and not your desires or others‘ directions. Next time when you say the shahada in your prayer, reflect upon the meaning. Increase in saying la ilaha illallah to renew your emaan.
4. Trust in Ash-Shaheed. Ash-Shaheed says in this beautiful soothing ayah:
And be patient, [O Muhammad], for the decision of your Lord, for Indeed, you are in Our eyes. And exalt [Allah] with praise of your Lord when you arise [at Tur 52: 48] Rest assured that any unjust treatment by the hands of others you go through, slander, gossip or abuse, Ash-Shaheed is your Witness and you will get justice.
 
5. Don‘t make your limbs testify against you. Use your tongue for speech beloved by Ash-Shaheed, your eyes to read the Quran, your limbs to pray to Him as they will all testify as to what you used them for. The Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam said:
I was amazed at how a servant will dispute with his Lord on the Day of Resurrection. He will say, My Lord, did You not promise me that you would not treat me unjustly‖ Allah will say, Yes. The man will say, I will not accept any witness against me except from myself. Allah will say, Is it not sufficient that I and the angels, the noble scribes, are witnesses These words will be repeated several times, then a seal will be placed over his mouth and his organs (or limbs) will speak about what he used to do. Then he will say, Away with you! It was only for your sake that I was arguing!‖ [Muslim and An-Nasa‘i]
Side note: Martyr in Arabic is called Shaheed – someone who declares/testifies. One reason given behind this title for them is because after they’re souls are taken, they see their places in Jannah, they witness their place. They see their sins being forgiven, from the 1st drop of blood that falls.
83) Ar Raqeeb
This Name of Allah appears in the Qu’ran 3 times. For example Allah says:
 
said not to them except what You commanded me – to worship Allah , my Lord and your Lord. And I was a witness over them as long as I was among them; but when You took me up, You were the Observer over them, and You are, over all things, Witness. [al Maeda 5:117]
And Allah says:
 
O mankind, fear your Lord, who created you from one soul and created from it its mate and dispersed from both of them many men and women. And fear Allah , through whom you ask one another, and the wombs. Indeed Allah is ever, over you, an Observer. [an Nisaa 4:1]
Allah also says:
Not lawful to you, [O Muhammad], are [any additional] women after [this], nor [is it] for you to exchange them for [other] wives, even if their beauty were to please you, except what your right hand possesses. And ever is Allah , over all things, an Observer. [al Ahzaab 33:52]
 
Linguistic meaning: 
observer, the one who observes. Similar to Ash-Shaheed but has addition of haafidh – one who protects/memorises and Al Muntadhir one who waits patitently.
 
Shar’ee Meaning:
Al-Haafidh is the one who protects and memorises, to whom nothing can ever disappear from. Ar-Raqeeb is mubaalagha. The One who is waiting and observing the whole of creation. At Tabbari: says; meaning of Raqeeb is Haafidhan – memorises everything without the possibility of forgetting. He memorises and protects you, your actions, thoughts and statements. Ibn Qayyim says: Raqeeb of every action, every niyyah, outwardly, inwardly, every goal, objective and thought. As S’adi says: both Ar-Raqeeb and Ash-Shaheed are very similar.
 
A beautiful example of belief in Ar-Raqeeb
Narrated `Abdullah ibn Zayd ibn Aslam, from his father, from his grandfather, who said:
When I was accompanying `Umar ibn al-Khattab on his patrol of Madinah at night, he felt tired, so he leant against a wall. It was the middle of the night, and (we heard) a woman say to her daughter, O my daughter, get up and mix that milk with some water. The girl said, O Mother, did you not hear the decree of Amir al-Mu‘minin (chief of the believers) today? The mother said, What was that? The girl said, He ordered someone to announce in a loud voice that milk should not be mixed with water. The mother said, Get up and mix the milk with water; you are in a place where `Umar cannot see you. The girl told her mother, I cannot obey Him (Allah) in public and disobey him in private. [Sifat al-Safwah and Wafiyat al-A‘yan and cited by Ibn al-Jawzi in Ahkam al-Nisa‘]
This is an example of how we should understand and be aware of Ar-Raqeeb. This young woman was upright in her deeds, in public and private, because she believed that Allah was observing her at all times! The righteous leader Umar Ibn Abdul-Azeez descended from her.
 
Benefits we can take from this Name 
Same as As Samee’, Al baseer, Ash shaheed.
1. Allah is the supervisor of the whole creation. He is testifying and He is observing, what people are doing and how they are doing it. Ibn Qayyim says: Ar-Raqeeb goes with the Name Al-Haafidh, Al-Aleem, As Samee’ Al-Baseer. Allah is on the level of being the great supervisor, and observer. These 5 Names when put together complete each other. Ibn Qayyim says: whoever learns these Names, they know that Allah is the greatest one who sees, hears and preserves knowledge. Allah knows the whole of creation, He is observing the whole of creation, He is a witness over it, He is looking and seeing the whole of creation. With the Name Ar-Raqeeb, He memorises, stores, protects, looks after and then He will declare everything He seen, heard, observed, witnessed on yawmal qiyyamah. These Names builds fear in the heart of creation.
Know that you are never alone. A scholar in the past advised: Repeat the following statement whenever you go to bed, wake up or go out, Allah looks at me; Allah watches me; Allah witnesses me. Knowing that Ar-Raqeeb is watching over you is called muraqabah; remind yourself Allah is watching your every move, feel His presence and converse with Him, making dua to Him to keep your intentions pure and your deeds upright.
2. Mind your words. Some of us might stay away from the major sins, such as adultery and interest, but we commit thousands of sins daily with the way we speak and what we speak about. Be inspired by Ar-Raqeeb to mind every word you speak and ask yourself: does this speech please Allah or make Him angry? Allah says:
Man does not utter any word except that with him is an observer prepared [to record]. [Qaaf 50:18]
3. Remember Ar-Raqeeb when you are tempted.
One day Umar ibn al-Khattab radiyallahu anhu found a shepherd and asked if the boy would sell him a sheep. The boy replied that it was not his. `Umar ibn al-Khattab made him an offer to see how he would react, He said: If your master asks you, tell him that the sheep was eaten by a wolf. He looked at him and said, And what would I say to Him (i.e. Allah)? `Umar cried and said, By Allah, you are right. What would you say to Him? Whenever you feel tempted to do something haraam or not doing something Allah wants from you, then think about how Ar-Raqeeb is watching you.
4. Supplicate to Ar-Raqeeb. When the Prophet Yunus alayhi sallam was all alone in the whale, what did he say?
And [mention] the man of the fish, when he went off in anger and thought that We would not decree [anything] upon him. And he called out within the darknesses, There is no deity except You; exalted are You. Indeed, I have been of the wrongdoers. [al Anbiya 21:87] The Prophet Yunus was all alone and He sought forgiveness from the One Who was watching Him all along. When you are all alone, whether it be psychically because you are stuck somewhere, or mentally because you feel down, seek forgiveness from Ar-Raqeeb and He will give you a way out.
5. Khushoo’ in salah, everything is hidden in general. He knows better than you what is inside you, Imam as S’adi says He even knows the intentions and the inside depths of heart. Allah knows, sees, hears it.
The rest of the Names that follow were not covered in the course due to lack of time, therefore the notes for these Names are taken from the website understandquran.com however I changed around the format to match the format of the notes from the course and I added in the Arabic text of the ayat and ahadith and other extra information I could find to enhance the notes.
 
84) Al Mujeeb
This Name of Allah is mentioned in the Qu’ran Once. Allah says:
And Noah had certainly called us and [We are] the best of responders. [as Saffaat 37:75]
 
Lingusitic meaning:
to answer, reply, respond, and accept, to have a dialogue or conference.
 
Share’ee meaning:
He is the One who responds to needs, He answers prayers and He is the One who penetrates each obstacle in order to respond.
 
Responding to Each Request with Ease
The Name Al-Mujeeb is related in meaning to Al-Hakeem (The All-Wise), Al-Aleem (The All-Knowing), As-Samee‘ (The All-Hearing), Al-Baseer (The All-Seeing), Al-Wahhaab (The Giver of Gifts) and Al-Kareem. He responds to our requests in a way that displays His ultimate wisdom and knowledge. While we call out to Him He is All-Hearing and All-Seeing and He often gives us more than we deserve or even ask. He is the Most Generous, Al-Kareem. His amazing power and wisdom in responding to our requests is demonstrated in this part of a beautiful hadith qudsi: O My servants, were the first of you and the last of you, the human of you and the jinn of you to rise up in one place and make a request of Me, and were I to give everyone what he requested, that would not decrease what I have, any more that a needle decreases the sea if put into it.. [Muslim, at-Tirmidhi and Ibn Majah]
 
Benefits we can learn from this Name
1. Respond to the call of Al-Mujeeb. Al-Mujeeb says:
And when My servants ask you, [O Muhammad], concerning Me – indeed I am near. I respond to the invocation of the supplicant when he calls upon Me. So let them respond to Me [by obedience] and believe in Me that they may be [rightly] guided. [al Baqarah 2:186]. Your share in this Name is that you are responsive to the commandments of Al-Mujeeb.
2. Know the art of asking. Ask for His forgiveness before you ask for anything, as was the formula of the Prophet Yunus alayhi sallam when he desperately needed his supplication to be answered to be saved from the belly of the whale. Ask Al-Mujeeb for everything (halal) you wish in the Hereafter but also in this world. He loves it that you ask Him for everything you need in your deen and dunya (worldy matters). Ask him for clothing, a house to live in, food, drink, guidance, success etc.
3. Think good of Al-Mujeeb. Al-Mujeeb does not disappoint a believer who calls upon Him, however don‘t be hasty as His delay is not His denial. The answer to your dua‘ might come in a different form or time you wanted or expected. Made under the right circumstances – such as not earning haram income when asking Him or asking Him for something haram, like cutting of family ties – Al-Mujeeb responds to your dua, postpones it or prevents something bad from happening.
4. Respond to the servants of Al-Mujeeb . Be of those who don‘t just respond to the plight of those in need but of those who also actively themselves look for those who are in need of support. Have an active attitude in relation to the requests of the environment you live in and of the Ummah as a whole.
5. Practise four powerful Quranic supplications for four powerful responses. Al-Mujeeb relates to you the responses He gave after being supplicated to in different types of hardship. So whenever you are in a similar situation, apply the same dua‘ and have faith in the response of Al-Mujeeb.
1) When you feel sad, say:
And [mention] the man of the fish, when he went off in anger and thought that We would not decree [anything] upon him. And he called out within the darknesses, “There is no deity except You; exalted are You. Indeed, I have been of the wrongdoers.” [al Anbiya 21:87]
The response:
 
So We responded to him and saved him from the distress. And thus do We save the believers. [al anbiya 21:88]
2) When you feel scared say:
 
Those to whom hypocrites said, “Indeed, the people have gathered against you, so fear them.” But it [merely] increased them in faith, and they said, Sufficient for us is Allah, and [He is] the best Disposer of affairs. [ale Imran 3:173]
The response:
 
So they returned with favour from Allah and bounty, no harm having touched them.
[ale Imran 3:174]
3) When you are ill say:
And [mention] Ayyub when he called to his Lord, “Indeed, adversity has touched me, and you are the Most Merciful of the merciful” [al Anbiya 21:83]
The response:
 
So We responded to him and removed what afflicted him of adversity. And We gave him [back] his family and the like thereof with them as mercy from Us and a reminder for the worshippers [of Allah]. [al Anbiya 21:84]
4) When you feel hurt by other people say:
 
And you will remember what I [now] say to you and, I entrust my affair to Allah. Indeed, Allah is Seeing of [His] servants [al Ghaafir 40:44]
The response:
 
So Allah protected him from the evils they plotted, and the people of Pharaoh were enveloped by the worst of punishment. [al Ghaafir 40:45]
Learn these and say them with yaqeen that Al Mujeeb will answer you when you call upon Him.

Children at the Masjid

I hear people (mainly men) complain about children playing in the masjid and that it is distracting. The kids are being loud and the mothers should just stay at home with them.
I’ve heard announcements on the speaker telling the women, in the other room, to stop the children from playing.
I’ve seen people tell children off for playing at the back of the masjid. They tell them to go home.
But why should they stay at home? They have the right to come to the masjid, just like you.
Maybe you should focus more on your salah and less on the kid whos playing in the other room.
Maybe if you made the masjid more accessible to women and children and provided facilities for the kids to play then they won’t “distract” you in the masjid.
Maybe you should follow the example of the Prophet (saw) who loved that children came to the masjid. His own grandchildren would jump on his back and he would prolong his sujood just to let them play. He would shorten the prayer if he heard a baby cry so that it would be easier for the mothers. He NEVER complained about children being in the masjid.
Maybe you should change how things work in the masjid instead of just preventing women and especially mothers, from coming to the masjid.
And remember that if you don’t build the love for coming to the masjid in your children when they’re young, they will refuse to come when they’re older. Then you will be the one crying that they don’t want to come and pray at the masjid.

An Explanation of Allahs Beautiful Names and Attributes part 21

68) Ar Raoof
This Name of Allah appears in the Qu’ran 10 times. For example Allah says:
And thus we have made you a just community that you will be witnesses over the people and the Messenger will be a witness over you. And We did not make the qiblah which you used to face except that We might make evident who would follow the Messenger from who would turn back on his heels. And indeed, it is difficult except for those whom Allah has guided. And never would Allah have caused you to lose your faith. Indeed Allah is, to the people, Kind and Merciful. [al Baqarah 2:143]
Do you not see that Allah has subjected to you whatever is on the earth and the ships which run through the sea by His command? And He restrains the sky from falling upon the earth, unless by His permission. Indeed Allah , to the people, is Kind and Merciful.
[al Hajj 22:65]
From the 10 times the Name Ar Ra’oof is mentioned, 8 of these times Allah mentions it with the Name Ar Raheem. One time it is Raoofun bil ‘ibaad and one time it is Raoof by itself.
Lingustic meaning:
Rafa means compassion. It is a greater from of mercy than Rahma. Rafa ash shaddu rahma. The term Ra‘oof means tender affection, the highest mercy and compassion, the upper limit of ar-Raheem. The meaning is similar to Ar-Raheem, but focuses on the utmost tenderness, kindness and affection, which accompanies the outpouring of mercy and compassion.
Linguistically, ra‘fa refers to the tenderness, kindness, and affection with which Allah azza wa jall bestows mercy on us.
Al Qurtabi mentions that when a person is stoned to death or lashed for a sin, this is a rahma for him not a rafa because it still brings him pain and hurt, but its a means for forgiveness. Ra‘fa is that which would not bring with it pain or hardship Ra’fa is a means of attaining forgiveness of Allah, without one feeling any difficulty or hardship. This is why they say ra’fah is greater then rahma.
Shar’ee meaning:
Ibn Jarir at-Tabbari says: Allah has the greatest form of ra‘fa (compassion), more greater and higher and mightier than rahma. Ra‘fa is a type of mercy and compassion that Allah sends to dunya and saved in the aaikrah for all the people He loves and He compassionately waters them with His mercy, without them being hurt, or upset or disliking anything.
Al-Ghazali mentioned that Ar-Raoof has pity, and that pity is the intensification of mercy. It has the same meaning as Raheem though in a more intense form. Ar-Raoof is the One who bestows pity and mercy on us in many different forms, including warnings and withholding, for us to be guided to success in this world and the next.
Al Khattabi says: it could be that rahma is obtained for a benefit with some hardship. e.g. if someone has the huddod applied to him for any sin committed, even though it will be painful and hard, it is a rahma and the benefit is that they will not be punished in the aakirah for that sin. As for Ra’fa, it can never be obtained through hardship or difficulty.
How can we understand the concept of ra‘fa and the concept of rahma (mercy)? After a calamity hits us, Ar-Raheem has mercy on us. Ra‘fa refers to Allah azza wa jall taking care of us and warning us so that we can protect ourselves from His own punishment. Ar-Raoof says:
The Day every soul will be find what it has done of [present] before it and what it has done of evil, it will wish that between itself and that [evil] was a great distance. And Allah warns you of Himself and Allah is kind to (His) slaves [ale Imran 3:30]
How merciful is this? Ar-Raoof warns us how to avoid His punishment out of pure kindness and affection, by sending us prophets and messengers for advice, by sending us the Quran and guiding our hearts when we turn to Him.
Benefits we can learn from this Name
1. When Allah decreed to change the qiblah from Masjid Al Aqsa to Masjid Al Haraam – Al Ka’bah, the sahabah were worried if all their previous ibaadah would still be counted or not. So they asked Rasoolullah sallalahu alayhi wassalam concerning this and Allah revealed the ayah from al Baqarah which is mentioned above. At the end of it Allah says; And never would Allah have caused you to lose your faith. Indeed Allah is, to the people, Kind and Merciful. So whenever a person does an action for the sake of Allah, trying his best to get closer to Allah, and to follow the sunnah of Rasoolullah, even though he might make some mistakes or fall short in something, but Allah from the Name Ar-Raoof, Allah will accept that action as though it was done perfectly. For example it is better for a person who is travelling to not pray the sunnah of rawatib (except the 2 before fajr as Rasoolullah sallalahu alayhi wassalam didn’t leave these even whilst travelling) even though one may not want to miss it, it is upon them to take the concession Allah has given them as it is a for of mercy in itself. But if you are someone who prays the Sunnah of rawatib regularly,Allah being Ar Raoof, if you will make it count as if you had prayed them. So not only do you get the reward for not praying them whilst travel (as its from the sunnah to leave them during travel) but you also get the reward as if you had prayed them. Another example is of a person who embraced Islam later on in life. All the bad actions that they done before accepting Islam, Allah forgives them, and changes their bad deeds into good deeds, Allahu akbar! Allah says:
And those who do not invoke with Allah another deity or kill the soul which Allah has forbidden [to be killed], except by right, and do not commit unlawful sexual intercourse. And whoever should do that will meet a penalty. Multiplied for him is the punishment on the Day of Resurrection, and he will abide therein humiliated – Except for those who repent, believe and do righteous work. For them Allah will replace their evil deeds with good. And ever is Allah Forgiving and Merciful. [al Furqaan 25: 68-70]
SubhanaAllah, if you see in the aforementioned ayat, Allah states three grave sins of shirk, murder and zina but says that He will accept the repentance of the one who repents from these sins and would change their evil deeds into good. Then what about for one who repents from sins that do not reach the level of shirk? Allah is truly Ar-Raoof to His slaves.
2. Every command has a reward attached to it. Every bad deed a person commits, and hasn’t made tawbah for and commits them without having any regret then he will lose the corresponding reward Allah has prepared for that bad deed. For example Allah has prohibited alcohol so for the one who stays away from it, Allah will give him a river of wine. The one who drinks it without regret, this person will lose out of this reward and will also be punished with the drinks of hellfire such as boiling water and oil. In Surah An Nur Allah begins by speaking about zina, then adultery, then He mentions the commandment of lowering the gaze and directly after that He says Allahu noorus-samaawaati wal ardh – Allah is the light of the heavens and the earth. Ibn Qayyim says; the reward on yawmal qiyyamah for those who lowered their gazes, is that after Allah has thrown the munafiqeen in the hellfire, He will bring those who used to lower their gazes and tell them to raise their gaze, and they will lift their gaze and see the face of Allah. This is reward of the one who lowers their gaze. One who gazes on that which is unlawful, will lose out the reward of the one who lowers their gaze.
3. Allah from His Name being Ar Raoof, He has sent down the Qur’an and He has taken people out of darkness into the light of Islam. Allah says:
It is He who sends down upon His Servant [Muhammad] verses of clear evidence that He may bring you out from darknesses into the light. And indeed, Allah is to you Kind and Merciful. [al Hadeed 57: 9]
This is from the greatest compassion and greatest mercy that Allah has given us. Ask Allah to make your heart tender to His reminder, the Qur’an.
4. Embody the characteristic of rafa yourself. Allah being Ar Raoof forgives sins, He is compassionate to the believers. We should also learn about the compassion of Rasoolullah sallalahu alayhi wassalam and we should embody this characteristic of rafa in ourselves and show compassion to others. Ar-Raoof described the Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam as ra‘oofun raheem:
There has certainly come to you a Messenger from among yourselves. Grievous to him is what you suffer; [he is] concerned over you and to the believers is kind and merciful. [at Tawbah, 9:128]
Study the s eerah to learn how the prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam dealt with His companions, family, and even his enemies.
5. Increase your heart in mercy. Be kind to others and handle people‘s feelings with tenderness. Sometimes you are so busy with your own life and your own family and friends that you forget about others. The connection you feel with the Muslim ummah is a mirror for your emaan. Read about the situation of your fellow brothers and sisters around the world and think of ways of how to support them. For example make sure you remember the ummah in your dua.
6. Be proactive. Someone once said: All that time I was waiting for someone to do something about it. Then I realised that someone was me. Ar-Raoof has pity on us and He even warns us on how to avoid His punishment. If you see your brother or sister low in emaan or even going astray, feel concerned for them and advise them with kindness and care. Forbidding evil and enjoining good is a duty upon you; how seriously do you take it?
You are the best nation produced [as an example] for mankind. You enjoin what is right and forbid what is evil and believe in Allah. If only the people of the scripture had believed, it would have been better for them. Among them are believers but most of them are defiantly disobedient. [ale Imran 3:110] Be inspired by the ra‘fa of Allah azza wa jall to help warn and guide others as much as you can.
7. Allah is Raoof throughout all times. Reflect on His ra‘fa and rahman. He is compassionate to His slaves on all occasions, in all moments. This shows the believers that throughout the whole time that Allah has allowed him to continue living, know that Allah is the One who is compassionate, despite falling back into sin over and over again, Allah is still Ar Raoof, and He has Ra‘fa that is greater than His Rahma.
8. Ask Ar-Raoof. Ar-Raoof mentions a beautiful supplication in the Qur’an, using this Name:
And [there is a share for] those who came after them, saying, Our Lord, forgive us and our brothers who preceded us in faith and put not in our hearts [any] resentment toward those who have believed. Our Lord, indeed You are Kind and Merciful. [al Hashr 59:10]
68) Al Wadood
This Name of Allah appears in the Qu’ran twice. Allah says:
And ask forgiveness of your Lord and then repent to Him. Indeed, my Lord is Merciful and Affectionate.[Hud 11:90]
Allah also says:
 
And He is the Forgiving, the Affectionate, [al Buruj 85:14]
 
Lingustic Meaning:
It consist of 2 meanings
1) Al Habb – to love
2) Tamana – to hope/yearn for, wishful thinking
 
Shar’ee meaning:
Ibn Jarir at Tabbari says; He is the One that possesses love, for the one that turns to Him, He loves Him a great love, a pure, perfect love.
The concept of love in the Arabic language is described by different words, hubb and wudd are examples of them. Hubb is the inner-feeling of love for someone, whereas Wudd is an intense, consistent affection as it is expressed in actions and conduct.
Wadood is from the fa‘ool pattern which in Arabic grammar points to intensity and continuity. Allah is Al-Wadood; His love is intense, continuous and translates into the blessings, favours, mercy, guidance and forgiveness He gives to His slaves.
Ibn Qayyim says Allah being Al-Wadood is of 2 types.
1) He is the One who loves and shows the siffat of love.
2) He is the One who is Loved – Mahboob.
Imam Sa’di says: He is the One that loves His ambiya and loves those that came after them, He loves them a great love, He also loves the pious. Allah also fills the hearts with the love of Him until He makes people love Him, makes the tongues praise Him and makes the actions worship Him. He loves those that love Him. The hope of Allah wanting to see the righteous slaves of Allah, is professed in the Name Al Wadood. Allah doesn’t want to punish us, He has written for Himself rahma, He has opened the doors of rahma, He has a number of Names that are associated with rahma. The reason why He does this is so that He can give us the reward that He has prepared. He hopes to gives us Jannah, He hopes to give us an eternal life of bliss, He hopes to give us palaces under which rivers flow. He wants to meet His righteous slave, He wants to meet ahlul Jannah. Why does Allah say Al-Ghafoor Al-Wadood? Sometimes a person may forgive someone he dislikes but there is nothing like Allah when He forgives, He Loves you as if you had not committed the sin.
 
Benefits we can learn from this Name
1. To have muhabba of Allah instilled in our hearts, a love that is haqeeqi/real a love that is embodied in wanting to worship Allah. When a person loves Allah, how can this be tested? See how close He is to the by doing the actions that Allah loves and staying away from the actions Allah hates. Narrated Anas bin Malik (RadhiAllahu ‘anhu), The Prophet sallalahu alayhi wassalam said: “Whoever possesses the following three qualities will taste the sweetness of faith: The one to whom Allah and His Apostle become dearer than anything else, The one who loves a person and he loves him only for Allah’s sake. The one who hates to revert to disbelief (Atheism) after Allah has brought (saved) him out from it, as he hates to be thrown in fire.” [Al Bukhari]
Love Al-Wadood above everything and anyone. Al-Wadood says:
Say, [O Muhammad], If your fathers, your sons, your brothers, your wives, your relatives, wealth which you have obtained, commerce wherein you fear decline, and dwellings with which you are pleased are more beloved to you than Allah and His Messenger and jihad in His cause, then wait until Allah executes His command. And Allah does not guide the defiantly disobedient people. [at Tawbah 9:24] This ayah is a great reminder pinpointing all the things we tend to love over Allah and His messenger and in how doing so, can leave us open to the punishment and wrath of Allah. We seek refuge in Allah from that.
2. We have extremely strong hope in the mercy of Allah. If Allah describes Himself as somebody that has a hope to see us and save us from hellfire and to give us Jannah, then we are talking about a Lord that is filled with mercy, a Lord that is compassionate, a Lord that takes care of His slaves. This gives us really strong hope and a mighty thought. Believers should have husn al dhann – good thought/thinking of Allah.
3. Our hearts are filled with tranquillity in remembering a Lord who possesses the siffat of Love. He loves those who worship Him. Let everyone have an action, that no one knows about except you and Allah. This type of action will be done with pure sincerity, purely for the love of Allah and there will be no room for riyaa.
4. Knowing that the sunnah is something that makes Allah love us. Follow Prophet salallahu ‗alayhi wa sallam. Prove your love for Al-Wadood by sticking to the sunnah of His messenger. The reward: Allah will love and forgive you your sins.
Say: If you love Allah then follow me. Allah will love you and forgive you of your sins. And Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful. [ale Imran 3:31]
How do we get closer to Allah and attain His love? Allah says in a Hadith Qudsi: ―Whosoever shows enmity to someone devoted to Me, I shall be at war with him. My servant draws not near to Me with anything more loved by Me than the religious duties I have enjoined upon him, and My servant continues to draw near to Me with supererogatory works so that I shall love him. When I love him I am his hearing with which he hears, his seeing with which he sees, his hand with which he strikes and his foot with which he walks. Were he to ask [something] of Me, I would surely give it to him, and were he to ask Me for refuge, I would surely grant him it. I do not hesitate about anything as much as I hesitate about [seizing] the soul of My faithful servant: he hates death and I hate hurting him. [al-Bukhari].
Allah mentions many actions and qualities in the Qur’an which He loves. For example Allah says:
And how many a prophet [fought and] with him fought many religious scholars. But they never lost assurance due to what afflicted them in the cause of Allah, nor did they weaken or submit. And Allah loves the steadfast [ale Imran 3:146]
But yes, whoever fulfils his commitment and fears Allah – then indeed, Allah loves those who fear Him. [ale Imran 3:76]
And spend in the way of Allah and do not throw [yourselves] with your [own] hands into destruction [by refraining]. And do good; indeed, Allah loves the doers of good.
[al Baqara 2:195]
Do not stand [for prayer] within it – ever. A mosque founded on righteousness from the first day is more worthy for you to stand in. Within it are men who love to purify themselves; and Allah loves those who purify themselves . [at Tawbah 9:108] There are also some actions and qualities mentioned in ahadith. For example Rasoolullah sallalahu alayhi wassalam said; Allah loves kindness in all matters. [Bukhaari] And: Allah loves the believer who is pious and rich, but does not show off. [Muslim] If we want to be loved by Allah, then we should be of those who do these actions and have these qualities which Allah loves. How to attain the love of Allah? (Ibn Qayyim) 1) Recitation of Qur’an with contemplation and understanding the meaning that Allah has intended. 2) nawafil actions after the compulsory actions. 3) Adhkaar – remembering Allah in every situation, with the tongue, heart, action and mind.
5. Let your love be for the sake of Al-Wadood. Ask yourself for what reasons do you love people? Love people for the sake of Allah subhanahu wa ta‘ala so Al-Wadood, His angels and the people of the earth love you! What an amazing deal. The Prophet sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam said,
When Allah loves a slave, calls out Jibril and says: `I love so-and-so; so love him‘. Then Jibril loves him. After that he (Jibril) announces to the inhabitants of heavens that Allah loves so-and-so; so love him; and the inhabitants of the heavens (the angels) also love him and then make people on earth love him. [Al-Bukhari, Muslim] So mind who you love and love those who fear Allah, love Him and who strive for the good and forbid evil. This is the most beautiful kind of love you can have for another human being, even if you don‘t know them.
69) Al Barr
This Name of Allah appears in the Qu’ran once in regards to being the Name of Allah, however, Allah talks about birr from a characteristic perspective many times. Allah says:
 
Indeed, we used to supplicate Him before. Indeed, it is He who is the Beneficent, the Merciful.” [at Tur 52:28]
 
Lingustic meaning:
Can mean; truthfulness, to make something good, ‘afuw, or lutf, same meaning as lateef, to be dutiful, carry out the rights for example birrul walidayn – goodness/dutiful to parents. Al Birr entails all acts of righteousness and good conduct. [Ibn Hajar al Haytami]
 
Shar’ee meaning:
Ibn Jarir at-Tabbari says: Al Barr means the One who is Lateef to His slaves, the One who helps His slaves, without them knowing who is helping them. Az Zujaji says: Allah is the One who perfects the way for His slaves, and He corrects their affairs and He guides them to the right way. Al Khattabi says: He is the One who is Lateef to His slaves, He perfects for them their ways, and He corrects for them all their affairs. This Name has a similar meaning to Al Lateef and Ar Rauf. Al Barr has all these meanings. Kind, gentle, compassionate, merciful, source of all goodness and kindness Al-Barr is the source of all righteousness, the One from whom every good deed comes. Al-al Qurtabi says: Barr is the One who does not stop His ihsaan because of the sins and disobedience of His slaves.
Ar Raazi says: He is the One who is kind to the wrongdoers, pardons transgression, forgives the sinner, turns to the one who repents to Him, accepts the plea of those who ask Him. He has turned to His slaves with praiseworthy actions and good expectations, while He is the most deserving of them.
Al-Birr versus al-‘ithm
In the sunnah we find a beautiful explanation of what al-birr is and it‘s opposite: al-ithm.
 
A man came asking the Messenger of Allah salallahu ‗alayhi wa sallam about righteousness and sin. So the Prophet said: Righteousness (al-birr) is good behaviour, and sin (al-ithm) is what fluctuates in your chest, and you would hate that the people discovered it about you [At-Tirmidhi]
From the siffat of the Barr of Allah and the ways we can see this siffat of Allah, is looking at all the benefits which are apparent and the benefits which are hidden as Allah is taking care of all the affairs. He is compassionate towards everything and everyone and from His mercy He is correcting the problems of all His slaves.
 
Benefits we can learn from this Name;
All the benefits we learn from the Names Ar Raheem, Ar Rauf and Al Lateef are also applicable to the Name Al Barr.
1. Love Allah and reflect on the blessings He has given us. Love Allah. Allah deserves love that is real, for He is the One that is looking after all of our affairs, correcting our problems and our hardships. He is also showing us lutf, ra’fa and rahma. Allah is Al Barr to His slaves, being Lateef to them, He is correcting them, subtly taking care of all their affairs. of dunya and aakirah and those that are apparent and those that are concealed. Ibn Qayyim says: Allah is Al Barr in the dunya, He takes care of the well being, the strength, the money, the property, the children, He helps them, He takes them out of their problems.
And He gave you from all you asked of Him. And if you should count the favour of Allah, you could not enumerate them. Indeed mankind is [generally] most unjust and ungrateful. [al Ibraheem 14:34]
Everything we have in dunya is from Allah being Al-Barr. He is the one taking care of us. As for the deen, Allah through His Name Al-Barr has granted us, as Mumineen eeman – belief in Him and the tawfeeq to carry out the actions of obedience. From the Name of Al-Barr, Allah being kind and gentle, He rewards us and multiplies our deeds and rewards. Treat your parents and children well. Ibn Umar said: Allah has called them the dutiful‘ (al-Abrar) because they are dutiful (birr) to their parents and children. Just as you have a duty which you owe your parent, so you have a duty which you owe your child. [Al-Bukhari] Make an effort to be a good child to your parents and a good parent to your child.
 
2. Don‘t be hasty.
On the day of `Arafat, the Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam heard a great hue and cry and the beating of camels behind him. So he beckoned to the people with his lash, O people! Be quiet. Hastening is not a sign of righteousness. [Al-Bukhari]
Try to do your daily life activities in a modest manner, for example don‘t walk loudly and hasty on the street in a way you are causing others inconvenience!
3. Ask Al-Barr to guide you to al-birr. A supplication of the sunnah asking for al-birr, is the dua for travelling; make sure you apply it each time you travel!
4. Strive for goodness. Allah being Al Barr, He loves Birr – goodness. Allah says:
Righteousness is not that you turn your faces toward the east or the west, but [true] righteousness is [in] one who believes in Allah , the Last Day, the angels, the Book, and the prophets and gives wealth, in spite of love for it, to relatives, orphans, the needy, the traveler, those who ask [for help], and for freeing slaves; [and who] establishes prayer and gives zakah; [those who] fulfill their promise when they promise; and [those who] are patient in poverty and hardship and during battle. Those are the ones who have been true, and it is those who are the righteous. [al Baqarah 2:177] In the above mentioned ayah, Allah defines what Birr is. It is to:
· Take care of your emaan. The first thing mentioned in the ayah is to have faith and believe in Allah Al-Barr, in the Day He will recompense you according to your good and bad deeds and in the Angels He sends of which some to write down your actions of righteousness and sin. Al-Barr revealed His message to mankind through His books and the prophets, in order to guide you on the path of al-Birr Make sure you study the arkaan ul emaan (the pillars of faith).
· Spend on charity. Straight after emaan Al-Birr mentions spending your money on family and those in need for it. Money sometimes gets dearer to us than anything else, Al-Barr reminds you that spending in His cause is the way to gain al-birr.
· Purify yourself through prayer and zakah. Let your prayer purify you spiritually by learning the meanings of what you say and concentrating on your salah, taking every moment to ask Al-Barr for goodness and righteousness. Give zakah to purify your wealth.
· Keep your promises and speak and act upon the truth. Keep your promises, no matter how big or small, even if it‘s a promise to your sibling to help with homework or promising a sweet to your child. The prophet sallallahu ‗alayhi wa sallam also said:
Truthfulness leads to Al-Birr and Al-Birr leads to Paradise. And a man keeps on telling the truth until he becomes a Siddiq (truthful person). Falsehood leads to Al-Fujur (i.e., wickedness, evil-doing, etc.), and Al-Fujur leads to the (Hell) Fire, and a man keeps on telling lies till he is written as a liar before Allah [Bukhari] Don‘t accept any lies from yourself, not even ―white lies‖ or lying while joking.
· Have sabr. The last thing mentioned in the ayah is to have patiece . Practising patience in hard times is your best training to cultivate al-birr. Next time you go through a test, tell yourself: it‘s all part of a bigger plan. Your vehicle is sabr, on the road of al-birr, leading you to Jannah in shaa Allah.
Ibn Qayyim says on taking from the siffat of Allah’s Name: Allah loves birr. He is the One being Haakim, Al Haakimeen, Al Qaadir – He defines what is good and what is evil. He is the Creator, and He knows exactly what He created and He has taught us what is birr.
70) Al Haleem
This Name of Allah appears in the Qur’an 11 times. For example Allah says:
 
Allah does not impose blame upon you for what is unintentional in your oaths, but He imposes blame upon you for what your hearts have earned. And Allah is Forgiving and Forbearing. [al Baqarah 2:225]
Allah also says:
 
Indeed, those of you who turned back on the day the two armies met, it was Satan who caused them to slip because of some [blame] they had earned. But Allah has already forgiven them. Indeed, Allah is Forgiving and Forbearing. [ale Imran 3:155]
 
Lingustic meaning:
The first meaning is to be forbearing, lenient, tolerant. The second meaning is to be calm and serene and the third meaning is to not be hasty and to exhibit moderation.
 
Shar’ee meaning:
Ibn Jarir at Tabbari says: Haleem means the One who has patience, the One who is forbearing, the One who is lenient. He doesn’t punish His slaves immediately after committing a sin. Al Khattabi says: Al Haleem is the One who delays and postpones His anger for a deed that is deserving of punishment.
Al Ghazali says: Al Haleem observes disobedience to Him, yet anger does not incite Him, nor does wrath seize Him, nor does haste and recklessness move Him to rush to take vengeance even though He is utterly capable of doing so. Imam S’adi says: The reason as to why we don’t find the punishment of Allah happening directly after a person commits a sin is because Allah through the Name Haleem, He grants the sinner, the transgressor a time to repent and He grants him the opportunity to turn back to Allah. He delays his anger and punishment until He decides on a time, not to delay it any longer. Ibn Qayyim says: that Haleem is the Name of Allah, and from the characteristic we find sabr. When a person disobeys Him or angers Him, He is patient. He allows him the time to repent.
Al-Haleem Himself says:
And if Allah were to punish people for what they have earned, He would not leave upon the earth any creature. But He gives them respite for a specified term. [al Faatir 35:45]
Al-Haleem can delay a punishment to give you time to return to Him, seek His forgiveness, and change your ways, because He is forbearing. He can even cancel your punishment altogether.
 
Benefits we can learn from this Name
1. Be grateful for the forbearance of Allah. Allah grants us as Muslims a life after sin. Rasooluallah sallalahu alahyi wassalam said:
Indeed all the children of Adam sin, and the best of those are those who turn back to Allah. [at Tirmidhi]
Through the Name Al Haleem He has given us this time of respite. Ibn Qayyim says this is a benefit we can all take from this Name of Allah. If we live by this Name, whenever someone transgresses us or takes away our rights, we shouldn’t retaliate with anger. We should be tolerant and forbearing. Be forbearing to others: contemplate and practice. The Prophet salallahu ‗alayhi wa sallam said to Ashajj ‗Abdu‘l-Qays: You have two qualities which Allah loves: forbearance and steadiness. [Muslim]
2. Don‘t take advantage of the hilm of Allah. Al-Haleem says to the people who inherited a garden but didn‘t let the poor benefit from it:
Such is the punishment [of this world]. And the punishment of the Hereafter is greater, if they only knew. [al Qalam 68:33] This punishment was a wake-up call for them and a mercy, because they realised their mistake. If Allah had allowed them to do as they wanted, their punishment in the Hereafter would be unforeseen. So know that Al-Haleem has set rules out for you and never take advantage of His forbearance. Therefore it is a Name of hope; that Allah time after time, allows us to turn back to Him. but is is also Name of fear, the fear that the punishment will come to pass if we don’t repent and turn back to Him. Angels write down our good deeds immediately after its done, but the angel on the left shoulder who records the bad deeds waits for a time before writing the bad deeds. Rasoolullah salallahu alayhi wassalam said: The angel on the left does not write down anything until six hours have passed after a Muslim does a bad deed. If he regrets it and asks Allah for forgiveness, he casts it aside [does not write it down], otherwise he writes down one (sayyiah/bad deed). [al-Tabaraani]
3. Show a good example to a sinful person. Never be arrogant to a sinning person and try to advise him gently and by showing a good example. Think to yourself: such a sinful person may, one day, turn to Al-Haleem with sincere repentance and become better and dearer to Allah than I am.
4. Be grateful for the hilm of Allah. Just like you would be grateful to anyone who overlooks your faults and mistakes, recognise the extreme and intense forbearance of Al-Haleem towards you and return to Him after you sin. And as a way of being thankful to al-Haleem for His forbearance, remember to train yourself to be forbearing.
5. Make dua for hilm. Make dua to Al-Haleem, asking Him for His forbearance for yourself and your loved ones. And ask Him to forgive you, because only He can protect you from His justified anger.
6. Allah deserves love. This is yet another Name of Allah that shows His mercy. He has given us an opportunity to turn back to Him after sinning. Everyday we have another opportunity to repent and turn back to Allah. Love Allah for this forbearance He shows you. And hasten to repent to Him everyday for all your sins, big or small.
 
Al Haleem and other Names
· Al Haleem Comes with the Name Al Aleem – by Allah being Al Aleem He knows who has done what and knows who to be forbearing and tolerant to. He knows who has sinned, so knows who deserves the anger, but through the Name Al Haleem, He postpones that anger.
· Al Haleem also comes with the Name Al Ghafoor because He has allowed a sinner to ask for forgiveness and Al Ghafoor is the One who conceals and covers sins.
· Allah also mentions Al Haleem with Al Shakoor. How many of us are thankful to Allah? Ibn Qayyim says: from the best ways of thanking Allah is to thank Him from the heart, the tongue and the limbs. Affirm it in our heart, say it in du’a and show it in our limbs. We should be thankful to Allah for showing us forbearance and allowing us a grace period where we can turn back to Him. Imagine what state we would be in if Allah had punished us immediately for all the sins we commit. Be shy of this hilm Allah shows, and refrain from sinning.

An Explanaton of Allahs Beautiful Names and Attributes part 19

53) Al Mawlaa
This Name of Allah has been mentioned in the Qur’an 13 times. For Example, Allah says:
But if they turn away – then know that Allah is your protector. Excellent is the protector, and Excellent is the helper. [al Anfaal 8:40]
Allah also says
 
That is because Allah is the protector of those who have believed and because the disbelievers have no protector. [Muhammad 47:11]
 
Linguistic Meaning:
Same root as waliy. Leader, master, expert. But can also be used for slave.
 
Shar’ee meaning:
master, completely in charge. Put with Al-Waliy. Allah is the mawla of Haqq. A waliy is someone who is willing to help, protect and support you whereas a mawlaa is more than a waliy; it is someone who has the ability to protect you and does so. Allah is Al- Waliy, the Ally, the Guardian and He is Al-Mawlaa, the Master and Protector. He is the One infinite Protector.
 
Benefits we can learn from this Name
1. Call upon Al-Mawlaa and strive in His path. In both occasions Allah azza wa jall mentions the statement: ni‘mal Mawlaa wa ni‘mal Naseer , it is preceded by the command to strive in the path of Allah and Islam. So if you struggle with your soul, wealth and person in the way of Allah with all your might, know that Al-Mawlaa will help you and protect you in the most perfect way. Use this powerful dhikr in your daily life and reflect upon its meaning.
2. Strive to be of the awliyaa of Allah. Allah has mentioned the signs by which His close friends or awliya‘ may be known. They are: faith (eemaan) and piety (taqwa). Whoever is a believer and is pious is a close friend of Allah, and whoever is not like that is not a close friend of Allah. So strive to be of the close friends of Al-Mawlaa by fulfilling your obligatory acts of worship and supplementing them by many voluntary acts and good deeds.
3. Know that faith is thicker than blood. In the context of your relationship with the Prophet Ibraheem alayhi sallam Allah azza wa jall uses the word awlaa in the Quran:
Indeed, the most worthy of Abraham among the people are those who followed him [in submission to Allah] and this prophet, and those who believe [in his message]. And Allah is the ally of the believers. [ale Imran 3:68].
 
Awlaa comes from the same root as mawlaa and means to be more entitled and worthier. What you can learn from this ayah is to actively study the lessons from the story of Ibraheem alayhi sallam, subsequently increase your love for him and strengthen your Tawheed. Let it motivate you to follow the sunnah of the Prophet Muhammad salallahu alayhi wa sallam.
4. Be helpful. Rasoolullah salallahu alayhi wa sallam said: Allah will aid a servant (of His) so long as the servant aids his brother . [Muslim]
5. Do dhikr with this Name. Every night before you go to sleep, recite the last ayaat of surah al-Baqarah [285 – 286] in which Allah‘s Beautiful Name Al-Mawlaa is mentioned. The Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam said: Whoever recites the last two verses of surah al-Baqarah at night, those two verses shall be sufficient for him [Al-Bukhari, Muslim]
54) An Naseer 
 
This Name of Allah is mentioned in the Qu’ran 5 times.
For example Allah says:
 
But if they turn away – then know that Allah is your protector. Excellent is the protector and excellent is the helper [al Anfaal 8:40]
Allah also says:
 
And Allah is most knowing of your enemies; and sufficient is Allah as an ally, and sufficient is Allah as a helper [an Nisaa 4:45]
55) An Naasir
Allah says:
But Allah is your Protector, and He is the best of helpers [ale Imran 3:150]
 
Linguistic Meaning:
Both Names come from the word Nasara. Helping, specifically against an enemy/oppressor. Defend a cause, grant victory or let triumph.
 
Shar’ee meaning:
One who Helps. The one who carries out the help. The best of the one who helps. Khairun Naasir. The ultimate helper, supporter and defender of His believing slaves. Naseer – exaggerated form, He is Naasir, helps specifically, individually. Naseer helping all the time, individual, specific, and all the other mainstream.
An-Naseer is the Greatest helper against the disbelievers. The best and greatest of those who help and the greatest source of help. The help of Allah is something He promised His slaves and made it obligatory on Himself. Allah says in an ayah of great comfort for the believers:
And We have already sent messengers before you to their peoples, and they came to them with clear evidences; then We took retribution from those who committed crimes, and incumbent upon Us was support of the believers. [al Room 30:47]
Why has Allah delayed Nasr? We know that Allah’s help will come as He has promised it, and His promise is haqq. The delay in the Nasr of Allah can be because;
1) The majority of the Ummah are sinning, and will be upon kufr rather than tawheed and upon bidah and not sunnah.
2) A knowledgeable person who has taqwa has sinned.
3) As a means to make the ummah mature. To grow through tests and make the ummah and ummah of tawwakal ala allah.
4) To make it known to humanity how wrong and false kufr is. Until when Islam conquers, and people embrace Islam because they have seen and know the justice of Islam as opposed to the corruption of kufr.
5) Allah is cleaning the sins of His slaves so they become leaders of the ummah like Khalid bin Walid and Umar ibn Khattab. (Al Qurtabi)
 
O you who have believed, if you support Allah, He will support you and plant firmly your feet. [Muhammad 47:7]
How can we support Allah?
1) By Jihad fisabilillah
2) By making ourselves better through worshipping Allah and leaving sins.
3) By Making du’a as it is one of the greatest weapons of the believers.
 
An Naseer and other Names
· Allah mentions Al-Mawla with An-Naseer. Help originates from Him and He knows exactly how to help. He is the master, He knows what is help and how to help.
· Allah mentions Al-Hadiy with An-Naseer – Someone who is guided, on correct path. Hadiyah wa naseera The One who guides is One who helps and the greatest help a person can be given is that of hidayah.
 
Different types of Nasr
The help or victory ( nasr) of Allah ‗azza wa jall is of different types described by the scholars.
· One type is the victory that is deserved; it comes with a price, which is faith and preparation. For example the victory of worthiness of the sahaabah at the battle of Badr. This is the type of victory for the believer who obeys Allah  azza wa jall and wins.
· The second type is a victory that is not deserved by the faith and obedient behaviour of a certain group, but Allah azza wa jall decrees victory for them according to His wisdom in that situation.
· The third type is the principal victory, which might not be seen as victory by others, but in reality indicates the true victory of a human being. An example are the believers in the story of the Ditch described in surah Al-Burooj, who were killed in masses and the hairdresser of the daughter Fir‘awn of whom her children and herself were thrown in boiling oil. How did they win? They stood by their belief in Allah azza wa jall and by their principles and gained the ultimate victory: the pleasure and reward of An-Naseer that He has prepared for the martyrs in the highest Paradise.
Benefits we can learn from these Names
1. Aid in Allah‘s cause. An-Naseer says:
If Allah should aid you, no one can overcome you; but if He should forsake you, who is there that can aid you after Him? And upon Allah let the believers rely [ale Imran 3:160] Help in Allah‘s cause by defending Islam, spread the message of the Quran and standing by your Islamic principles. Teach the children to stand up for the truth by showing them the correct role models and heroes of Islam, both contemporary and from the past. The Muslim nation is in need of those who stick to the principles of Islam. So get close to the Qur’an and inspire others to, use it as a guidance in your actions and the help of Allah will come.
2. Help your brothers and sisters. As part of a hadith recorded by Muslim, the Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam said: …Allah is helping the servant as long as the servant is helping his brother. The point is to look out actively where you can help your brothers and sisters so you will get the help of An-Naseer in return. Sometimes you can help someone financially by paying their debts, spiritually by giving them emotional support and advice or even by your reputation or authority. Use all the means An-Naseer gave you to help those in need.
3. Never mistrust Allah and His help. To deserve the help from An-Naseer you must strongly believe in Him and His Attributes. Take your inspiration from Musa ‗alayhi sallam:
And when the two companies saw one another, the companions of Musa said; Indeed, we are to be overtaken! [Moses] said, No! Indeed, with me is my Lord; He will guide me [ash Shu’araa 26:61-62] But don‘t just have faith alone without action. You need to prepare as well. So think well of Allah, believe in Him and do whatever you can in taking precautions.
4. Know that help comes from Allah alone. Never think you were helped in a certain situation, just because you made the right decision or because you were so skilful. Don‘t say I did this and succeeded, rather say ―Allah is my Helper and all success comes from Him alone‖ A subtle way An-Naseer helps you is when He fills your heart with happiness and security when you make a right decision and He fills it with anxiety and pessimism when you make a wrong decision. So recognise the help of Allah in your life and be grateful.
5. Call on An-Naseer. He can defeat any army, any illness and any struggle, so ask Him, and make du’a for help using these Names.
56) Al Wakeel 
57) Al Kafeel 
The Name of Allah Al Wakeel has been mentioned in the Qur’an 14 times. For example Allah says:
 
And rely upon Allah, and sufficient is Allah as disposer of affairs. [al Ahzaab 33:3]
Allah Allah also says:
 
Indeed, over My [believing] servants there is for you no authority. And sufficient is your Lord as Disposer of affairs. [al Israa 17:65]
Al Kafeel has been mentioned in the Qur’an once. Allah says:
 
And fulfil the covenant of Allah when you have taken it, [O believers], and do not break oaths after their confirmation while you have made Allah , over you, a witness. Indeed, Allah knows what you do. [an Nahl 16:91]
It is also mentioned in a Hadith from Sahih Bukhari.
 
Linguistic meaning of Wakeel:
Comes from word wakila or wakala, means to entrust, to trust, to rely. Tawwakul comes from the same word. To appoint or entrust for the care of management of something. Guardian of one’s interests. Wakeel also means agent, representative, secretary. The wakeel of a person is the one who represents him or does what the person is incapable of doing on his behalf.
 
Shar’ee meaning of Al Wakeel:
Allah will be your representative, He will carry out all your affairs, anything you need, whatever goal you want to achieve, go to Him and He will give. Allah is Al Wakeel, the greatest representative, greatest being to trust than anything from the creation. By the Name al Wakeel, Allah is saying if you need to trust and rely on someone, than it will be Me. So have that trust in me and I will give.
 
Linguistic meaning of Kafeel:
a sponsor, a guarantor, a surety
 
Shar’ee meaning of Al Kafeel:
When person takes Allah as kafeel, he has taken Allah as a witness to that transaction. Allah is Al Kafeel.
 
That is your Lord Allah, there is no deity except Him, The Creator of all thing, so Worship Him. He is Disposer of all things. [al An’aam 6:102]
Allah being the Wakeel over everyone does not take away the right of another person who Allah is Wakeel over. Him being Wakeel for one person, it doesn’t take away the right of another person that wants Allah to be his Wakeel.
He is the Wakeel for everyone and the perfect Wakeel. Takes charge of the affairs of those in His care, managing all matters as He pleases.
Imam S’adi says Wakeel of Allah is of 2 types
· General/ ‘Aam – He is the Wakeel for whole of creation. Providing basic necessities, provision, help, and security even of the bird that leaves its nest hungry in the morning and returns home in the evening with a full stomach. Allah opened for it the path to its provision. Allah is wakeel for the kuffar as well as Muslims in the general form.
· Specific/Khaas – He is the Wakeel of the awliya of Allah, the Muslims, eases for them their difficulties and grants them the sustenance of the heart. When the heart needs something, He gives them that which completes the heart.
 
Narrated Abu Hurairah (radiallahu anhu): The Prophet (sallallaahu alaihi wasallam) said, A Man from the people before (from bani Israel) asked another Man to lend him one thousand Dinars. The second man required witnesses. The former replied, Allaah is sufficient as a witness.'(wakeel) The second said, I want a surety.‘ The former replied, Allaah is sufficient as a surety.‘ (kafeel). The second said, You are right,‘ and lent him the money for a certain period. The debtor went across the sea. When he finished his job, he searched for a conveyance so that he might reach in time for the repayment of the debt, but he could not find any. So, he took a piece of wood and made a hole in it, inserted in it one thousand dinar and a letter to the lender and then closed the hole tightly. He took the piece of wood to the sea and said. O Allaah! You know well that I took a loan of one thousand Dinars from so-and-so. He demanded a surety from me but I told him that Allaah‘s Guarantee was sufficient and he accepted Your guarantee. He then asked for a witness and I told him that Allaah was sufficient as a Witness, and he accepted You as a Witness. No doubt, I tried hard to find a conveyance so that I could pay his money but could not find, so I hand over this money to You.‘ Saying that, he threw the piece of wood into the sea till it went out far into it, and then he went away. Meanwhile he started searching for a conveyance in order to reach the creditor‘s country. One day the lender came out of his house to see whether a ship had arrived bringing his money, and all of a sudden he saw the piece of wood in which his money had been deposited. He took it home to use for fire. When he sawed it, he found his money and the letter inside it. Shortly after that, the debtor came bringing one thousand Dinars to him and said, By Allah, I had been trying hard to get a boat so that I could bring you your money, but failed to get one before the one I have come by.‘ The lender asked, Have you sent something to me?‘ The debtor replied, I have told you I could not get a boat other than the one I have come by.‘ The lender said, Allaah has delivered on your behalf the money you sent in the piece of wood. So, you may keep your one thousand Dinars and depart guided on the right path.‘ [Al-Bukhari]
This shows us when a person has complete trust and reliance on Al Kafeel, the one who will testify for you, your guarantee, the one who you entrust, provide you that asureity then He will fulfil His contract. Kafeel is more specific term of Wakeel, Wakeel is general and can include Kafeel.
 
Benefits we can learn from these Names
1. Trust in Allah. Once we know Allah is the one who deserves complete trust and reliance, and is the Wakeel for every single creation, then we must know, that tawakkul is something that must be instilled in our hearts. How excellent of a wakeel and kafeel, one who has created creation and has promised to be your Wakeel in this life and the hereafter. He has promised to take care of your needs in the dunya. If you worry about your provisions, then take a look at the birds that Allah created for our benefit, how they have no rizq to start off with but Allah provides for them. If He can provide for them and they have no form of provisions, then what about the one who has aqil (intellect). Is Allah not going to provide for you? Reliance on Allah (tawakkul) means you entrust your affairs to Him, take every worldly precaution, and submit to Al-Wakeel for the result. An example is the hijrah for which the prophet salallahu alayhi wasallam and Abu Bakr radiyyallahu anhu planned according to their means. However, they were overtaken by the Quraysh. This is when the prophet calmed Abu Bakr with a beautiful statement of tawakkul.
Abu Bakr As-Siddiq (radi Allahu anhu) said, when the Messenger of Allah (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) and I were in the cave of Thaur and I saw the feet of the polytheists who were above us at the mouth of the cave (on the eve of the Emigration), I submitted: “O Messenger of Allah! If one of them were to look down below his feet, he would see us”. He (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) said, “O Abu Bakr! What do you think of two whose third is Allah?” [Al-Bukhari and Muslim]
2. Pray istikharah . One of the most beautiful examples of trusting in Al-Wakeel‘s choice is the istikharah prayer. Ask Allah that if the matter is good for you to make it easy for you and if not, to take it away and then be content with the decree of Al-Wakeel. Make it a habit to practice this sunnah in your daily life, for big and small matters, as the Prophet salallahu ‗alayhi wa sallam taught the companions to make istikharah in all things, just as he used to teach them suwar of the Quran.
3. Do not be anxious about the future. Many people are depressed or worried about their or their children‘s future. Don‘t fear the power of the enemy, never go for unlawful earnings, and know that you can trust Al-Wakeel because He will manage your affairs in the way best for you. Be inspired by what Ibraheem alayhi sallam said when he was thrown in the fire: Allah suffices me, for He is the best disposer of affairs (hasbunallaahu wa ni‘mal wakeel) Take the example of those who entrusted their souls to Al-Wakeel, like Haajar, when she was left in the desert with Ismaeel alayhi sallam who said with true belief: Did your Lord order you to do so, then He shall not forsake us. From the manners of having tawakkul in Allah is to trust in His commands and stay away from His prohibitions. Have tawakkul upon Al Hayy, the one who never dies. A person after establishing these 2 Names in His heart, he understands that rizq is from Allah and everything of the dunya, Allah decides who and when it will go to. Rizq has been written, you will get whatever Allah has written for you. Tie your camel.
4. Be someone others can trust and rely on. Be someone others can turn to when they need help, and when you have to act on someone‘s behalf fear Al-Wakeel and fulfill your duty as good as you can. The Prophet salallahu ‗alayhi wa sallam said:
 
Allah will aid a servant (of His) so long as the servant aids his brother . [Muslim]
5. Do dhikr with this Name. Every morning and evening say;
Allah is sufficient for me. There is no God but He. I have placed my trust in Him, He is Lord of the Majestic Throne. Whoever says this seven times in the morning after fajr, and seven times after Asr, Allah will take care of whatever worries him of the matter of this world and the hereafter. [Abu Dawood, Muslim]
The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wassalam said: Whoever says (when he leaves his house) In the Name of Allah, I put my trust in Allah and there is no power and no strength except with Allah- , it will be said to him: You are taken care of and you are protected and guided, and the devils will move away from him, and one devil says: What can you do with a man who has been guided, taken care of and protected? [Abu Dawood, At-Tirmidhi]
 
Stories of tawakkul
· Ibrahim alayhi salaam showed amazing examples of tawakkul throughout His life. As a young man, when he was arguing with his people about the fallacy of worshipping idols he said with certainty and reliance on Allah:
And his people argued with him. He said, “Do you argue with me concerning Allah while He has guided me? And I fear not what you associate with Him [and will not be harmed] unless my Lord should will something. My Lord encompasses all things in knowledge; then will you not remember? [Al An‘aam 6:80] Continuing with Ibrahim alayhi salaam‘s life and his frequent displays of tawakkul in Allah, another example can be seen when He was thrown in the fire by the mushrikeen. His tawakkul was displayed when Jibreel alayhi salaam came to him saying: Do you need anything? Ibrahim replied If it is from you then no. Then he repeated the statement hasbi Allahu wa nimal wakeel.‖ This statement will be discussed in further detail later on.
Every one of his situations spoke aloud reflecting his certainty. Additionally, his leaving his wife alone with his breastfeeding infant in the desert is another bright example reflecting his certainty. And this incident also displays the tawakkul of Haajar may Allah be pleased with her. When she realised that it was Allah who commanded Ibrahim to leave them in the desert She asked him: “Did Allah command you to do so?” He replied: “Yes.” Then she said: “We are not going to be lost, since Allah, Who has commanded you, is with us.” At this time she didn‘t know that zamzam would burst from the ground for her and her infant, which would remain until the day of judgement but it was her yaqeen and tawakkul in Allah that lead her to state what she had said. May Allah be please with her.
· The story of Umm Musa also shows tawakkul, when she was inspired to put her baby infant in the river Nile, she did so. To save your son, throw him in the river Nile – this doesn’t make sense to us intellectually. But she had complete trust in Allah, so she threw him the in the Nile, the most ferocious river in the world. But Musa ended up in the very palace of the Fir’awn. And Umm Musa was also reunited with him. Fir’awn appointed an army for her to travel to and fro her house, in order to nurse Musa. This is the fruit of trust in Allah.
· Another amazing display of tawakkul is seen in the story of Musa alayhi salaam when firawn and his army was behind him and the sea in front of him. Allah told him to hit the water with his staff. Sometimes if doing something doesn’t make sense or it seems like it won‘t do anything, still go ahead and do it as this is your reliance on Allah. Allah made the ocean split in half. Musa’s firm tawakkul and yaqeen is seen in His reply to his people when they thought they were going to be caught.
[Musa] said; No. Indeed My Lord is with me. He will guide me. [ash Shu’araa 26:22]
· Another example from the story of Musa alayhi salaam is when he was put up in front of the magicians. Allah said, throw your stick, even though on the face of it, it seems as if this won‘t do anything, but it is the part of having trust in Allah. Ibn Qayyim says: for a person to have complete trust in Allah they must believe that if they do this certain action Allah will help them without a shadow of a doubt.
From stories like this, we see who Al Wakeel is. Allah is testing us and He wants us to truly trust Him and to follow Islam completely. A person may for example start doubting how he will provide for his family and shaytaan will open up so many haraam avenues, riba, mortgage, haram income etc. But had the person waited a little while longer, Allah would open up doors that they didn’t even know existed. Allah made Fir’awn the one that takes in the very boy that was going to kill him, and looks after him and his mother. Allah is the one that will open up path for His slaves. A believer must know in every situation of difficulty and dire need, Allah is the one that deserves complete trust and reliance. True tawakkal is when person relies upon Allah. A person can rely on other things too but they have to know that these other things are only means. For example of medicine – it is a means to treat illness, but only Allah holds the key to the cure of the illness. One can take permissible means, but has to have tawakkul upon Allah. The cure lies in the hands of Allah. The medicine may treat him or may not treat him it is just a means.
58) Al Kaafiy
This Name of Allah appears in the Qu’ran once. Allah says:
 
Is not Allah sufficient for His Servant [Prophet Muhammad]? And [yet], they threaten you with those [they worship] other than Him. And whoever Allah leaves astray – for him there is no guide.[az Zumar 39:36]
Allah uses this Name in a verb form, having the action in other ayat. For example Allah says:
 
And Allah repelled those who disbelieved, in their rage, not having obtained any good. And sufficient was Allah for the believers in battle, and ever is Allah Powerful and Exalted in Might. [al Ahzaab 33:25]
Allah also says:
 
So if they believe in the same as you believe in, then they have been [rightly] guided; but if they turn away, they are only in dissension, and Allah will be sufficient for you against them. And He is the Hearing, the Knowing. [al Baqarah 2:137]
Linguistic meaning:
ismul fa’il comes from verb; kafa /yakfi, to be sufficient, to suffice, to be enough. Also means hasbuk enough.
 
Shar’ee meaning:
Az Zujaji says: Allah is enough for the believers in every aspect of his life, in terms of his provisions, security, wants/desires/needs, protection, in every single matter. Allah from His Name Al Kaafiy, is enough for you. If you done something to have the whole world go against you but for Allah to love you, that is enough. If you done something that results in taking the whole world as enemies, but you have Allah as a friend, then that is enough. When a person remembers Allah through this Name, then let him know that whenever there comes a time where he is upsetting people by worshipping Allah, let him know that Allah is enough for him. There is no obedience to the creation when there is disobedience to Allah. (Trimidhi). In this time of test/difficulty, Allah is enough for you.
Ibn Sa’di says: Allah being al Kaafiy is of 2 types.
1) General – For all of His slaves, kuffar, Muslims, mushrik, in all their matters, wants, needs and requirements.
2) Specific – Allah being al Kaafiy for the awliya of Allah, by granting them nasr and granting them His Ma’eeyah – being close to them and granting aid and help.
 
Al-Kaafiy and other Names
In the ayaat in which the root kafaa is mentioned, we often find the words wa kafaa bil-laahi (and sufficient is Allah as . . .) followed by a beautiful Name of Allah. We find this combination most often with the Names Al-Wakeel (The Disposer of Affairs), Al-Haseeb (The Accountant, or Reckoner) and Ash-Shaheed (The Witness).
Al-Kaafiy says:
And do not obey the disbelievers and the hypocrites but do not harm them and sufficient is Allah as Disposer of affairs. [al Ahzaab 33:48].
And He says:
 
[Allah praises] those who convey the messages of Allah and fear Him and do not fear anyone but Allah. And sufficient is Allah as Accountant. [al Ahzaab 33:39]
But Allah bears witness to that which He has revealed to you. He has sent it down with His knowledge, and the angels bear witness [as well]. And sufficient is Allah as Witness.
[an Nisaa 4:166]
Most related in meaning to al Kaafiy is the beautiful Name Al-Wakeel. Abu Alsood said: tawakkal alallah means to leave everything up to Allah azza wa jall and kafa allah wakeela means Allah azza wa jall is sufficient as protector, as the one and only whom you leave everything up to.
 
Benefits we can learn from this Name
Similar to Al Wakeel and Al Kafeel
1. In anything we do in the dunya, let the ultimate goal always be Allah. if Allah is happy with us, then that is what matters. Example of a da’ee in a village, if all the people in the village love him then he cannot be a good da’ee. There will always be people who dislike his enjoining the good and forbidding the evil. Make Allah your goal of every action, and remember when you are going through trials and test of pleasing others and in this if you displease Allah, then you haven’t made Allah what is enough for you, but have chosen to please the people instead. Allah says:
O you who have believed. Obey Allah and the Messenger and those in authority among you. And if you disagree over anything, refer it to Allah and the Messenger, if you should believe in Allah and the last day. That is the best [way] and best in result. [an Nisaa 4:59]. Allah didn’t use the verb ‘obey’ before those in authority among you Obey Allah and Obey His Messenger. If those that came after come with something against Allah and The Messenger then we reject it, and only follow it if it goes with what Allah and His Messenger says. Firm belief in Al-Kaafiy and His perfect ability to suffice all your needs means you are not afraid of people and their decisions, nor are you worried about losing worldly possessions. Even when you feel you cannot defend yourself against people‘s accusations, know Al-Kaafiy will suffice you as a helper:
Indeed, We are sufficient for you against the mockers [al Hijr 15:95]
And Allah is most knowing of your enemies; and sufficient is Allah as an ally, and sufficient is Allah as a helper [an Nisaa, 4:45]. So next time you feel anxious or stressed about people or belongings, remind yourself that Allah is Al-Kaafiy; He is the only one to suffice all your needs.
2. Remember the day you will be sufficient as an accountant.
[It will be said], Read your record. Sufficient is yourself against you this Day as accountant [al Israa 17:14].
This means that you have not been treated unjustly and nothing has been recorded against you except what you have done, because you remember everything that you have done, and no one will forget anything that he did. Everyone will be able to read his Book, whether he is literate or illiterate. [Tafseer ibn Katheer]. So remember that one day you will be confronted with each deed you do, every step you take and every word you utter. Use this as a motivation to present a book full of good deeds in shaa Allah.
3. Learn from the past. As a believer you have an extremely important task: to take lessons from the past and specifically from the stories of the former people in the Qur’an.
And how many have We destroyed from the generations after Noah. And sufficient is your Lord, concerning the sins of His servants, as Acquainted and Seeing. [al Israa 17:17] Allah ‗azza wa jall observes how you respond to these stories; do you study them, look at the characteristics of these former groups and their sins so you know what to avoid or do you treat them as ―stories from the past‖ without acting upon them? Kafaa bil-laahi shaheeda– Allah is sufficient as a witness.
4. Be someone who strives to fulfil others‘ needs. Even though only Allah is perfect in sufficing each and every need, you can take inspiration from this beautiful attribute by doing your best to fulfil another person’s needs as much as you can.
59) Al Fattaah
This Name of Allah is mentioned in the Qur’an once. Allah says:
 
We would have invented against Allah a lie if we returned to your religion after Allah had saved us from it. And it is not for us to return to it except that Allah , our Lord, should will. Our Lord has encompassed all things in knowledge. Upon Allah we have relied. Our Lord, decide between us and our people in truth, and You are the best of those who give decision.” [al A’raaf 7:59]
 
Linguistic meaning:
comes from the word fataha or al fath which means something that opens when its closed, something that helps or provides helps, also means a request to open and a request to help. Al Fath can also mean to one who judges with truth.
 
Shar’ee meaning:
1) Al Haakim: The judge, who judges between His slaves with honesty, justice and truthfulness, with the rulings of the shari’ah. Al Khattabi says: He is the Haakim from the Name Al Fattaah and He will judge between His slaves.
2) The One who opens to His slaves the doors of rahma, and rizq. He opens for them the doors which were previously closed through the Name Al Fattaah. Imam Sa’di says: whenever a person achieves something which He thinks he can’t get to, let him call upon Al Fattaah – the ones who opens these doors.
3) The One who helps His worshippers, the believers and the ones who are oppressed. All from the Name Al Fattaah, He opens up for His slaves the doors of help and victory. And more specifically He helps those who are oppressed even if they be kuffar, because Allah has prohibited oppression in all circumstances. Imam Sa’di says that the meaning of being the One that opens the doors of blessings for His slaves is split into 2 categories.
1) Allah opens for them the deen and the shari’ah and He opens for them their rewards. When Allah opens for them the deen and the shari’ah He allows for them to be Muslims, to practice Islam correctly, to be firm upon As-Siratal Mustaqeem. These are the blessings of Allah from the Name Al Fattaah. And once the believers practice Islam correctly and is firm upon the right path, then He opens for them the doors of the rewards He has prepared – rewards of dunya and aakirah, that are associated with the deeds he has done in this life.
2) Allah opens to them the qadar. He opens for His slaves: actions of good and actions of evil, tests, hardships, difficulties, ease etc. Whatever Allah opens up for His slaves, no one can hold back. Imam Sa‘di says: He grants benefits of the dunyaa and deen to His slaves, and opens the locks upon hearts for those whom He has favored with His Kindness and Care, and showers (the hearts) with knowledge and understanding from Him and realities of faith that rectifiy their conditions and by which they remain upon the Straight Path; and what‘s more special is that He grants those who love Him and turn to Him knowledge from Him, spiritual conditions, shining lights and true understanding. And likewise He opens for His slaves the doors of rizq (provision) and the paths of the means, and paves the way for provisions and the means to (these provisions) for the muttaqoon (those who fear Him) from where they can‘t imagine, and gives the mutawakkiloon (those who put their trust in Him) beyond what they ask and hope for, and makes easy for them affairs that are difficult, and opens for them doors that are closed.
 
Benefits we can learn from this Name
1. Have muhabba and honour for Allah. He is the One that opens up for us doors of rahma, provisions, help and He opens up for us doors that are closed. We love Him a love that is sincere.
2. Fear Allah. We fear the day He will judge between us and those we have wronged, taken a right from, transgressed or oppressed anybody.
3. We know that victory lies in the hands of Allah, He opens the door to victory whenever He wills. Victory will come, the door of victory is there, its just a matter of when that door will open.
4. Trust in the judge . Life is full of arguments. Some people accuse others and claim to be right. Who is the judge? Who knows the reality of people? It is Al-Fattaah. Make the Quran and the Sunnah the judge of your actions, always. People may speak badly about you and accuse you falsely, but if you are on the right side, do not be afraid, because Allah is Al-Fattaah is the just Judge.
5. Realise Al-Fattaah can open all doors . Al-Fattaah says:
Whatever Allah grants to people of mercy – none can withhold it; and whatever He withholds, none can release it thereafter. And He is the Exalted in Might, the Wise. [al Faatir 35:2]. This ayah has a beautiful impact if you are a true believer; you realise that everything happening to you is under Al-Fattaah‘s divine control. Close doors for His sake— by leaving a bad habit, wrong friends, or a place of sinning– even if it causes you physical hardship— and He will open a door for you to good. Never despair nor give up. Realise that Al-Fattaah can always give you a way out. Know that all the relationships in your life are confined by your relationship with Allah Al-Fattaah.
6. Be sincere. The best opening of all is the opening of the heart. Al-Fattaah opens hearts which were locked, like the heart of Umar ibn al-Khattaab radiyallahu ‗anhu which was filled with hatred of the Muslims. Work hard and strive to be sincere so that Al-Fattaah opens to you the gate of knowledge, the gate of closeness to Him and the gate of contentment in this life.
7. Ask al-Fattaah. Whenever a gate is closed in your face, remember Al-Fattaah and ask Him to open it for you. This goes under all circumstances, whether serious or insignificant, ask Al-Fattaah for help and success. Start anything permissible in His Name, by saying bismillah. Also when you feel low, or you feel you lack understanding of the religion, ask Him to open your heart and the hearts of your loved ones. A supplication of pious people before us used to be:
May Allah open to you gates of good. 
 
Al Fattaah and other Names
Allah mentions His Name Al Fattaah with the Name Al Aleem. Allah says:
 
Say, “Our Lord will bring us together; then He will judge between us in truth. And He is the Knowing Judge.” [Saba 34:26]
The benefits we can learn from the coupling of these Names is that it shows that Allah being Al Aleem as well as Al Fattaah, He knows exactly when to open a door for someone. He also knows exactly what the situation is between two people, in which He will judge between on yawmal qiyyamah. He knows when to give nasr and fath.

An Explanation of Allahs Beautiful Names and Attributes part 17

42) Al Khabeer
This Name of Allah appears in Qur’an 6 times. For example Allah says:
Vision perceives Him not, but He perceives [all] vision; and He is the Subtle, the Acquainted. [al An’aam 6:103]
 
Linguistic meaning:
 
Khabeer comes from the root khabara which points to two main meanings. The first main meaning is to know, to be aware, and to understand the reality or inner nature of something. The second main meaning is to test, prove, and try by experience which results in inner knowledge.
 
Shar’ee meaning:
He is the sublime al-Khabeer, meaning the one who has encompassed the innermost, and the hidden realities of things, and the outward realities of things [All] praise is [due] to Allah , to whom belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is in the earth, and to Him belongs [all] praise in the Hereafter. And He is the Wise, the Acquainted. [Saba 34:1]
Allah is the One whose knowledge encompasses all that is outward and hidden. He knows all things that occur, that have occurred, and that will occur of the affairs of the whole creation. There is nothing that is hidden from Him. Allah azza wa jall paired His attribute of being khabeer with His attribute of all-encompassing knowledge. Allah says:
Indeed, Allah [alone] has knowledge of the Hour and sends down the rain and knows what is in the wombs. And no soul perceives what it will earn tomorrow, and no soul perceives in what land it will die. Indeed, Allah is Knowing and Acquainted. [al Luqman 31:34]
It is Allah who has knowledge of both the seen and unseen and it is He who can perceive our inner nature and intentions.
O Mankind! We have created you from a male and a female and made you into nations and tribes that you may know each other. Verily, the most honourable of you in the Sight of Allah is the most God-Fearing of you. Indeed Allah is the All-Knower, the All-Aware. [al Hujuraat 49:13]
In the Qur’an, Allah‘s being Khabeer is most often combined with His attribute of wisdom (Al Hakeem), of seeing (Al Baseer), and subtleness (Al Lateef). The One who is Most Wise and who is all Seeing knows all the intimate details and realities of everything that happens.
 
Benefits we can learn from this Name
1. Be comforted by Al Khabeer. Allah Al Khabeer is the only one who is aware of all you do, say, hide, and want. Let this amazing fact comfort you in times of hardship, and in times of ease remind yourself to not get too attached to this world and its material benefits. Allah beautifully says:
Does He who created not know, while He is the Subtle, the Acquainted? [al Mulk 67:14]
2. Know that Al Khabeer will inform you. Not only is Allah acquainted with all your deeds, on the Day of Judgement He will inform you about all you used to do. Remember this each day and let it motivate you to do good deeds. When you slip, ask Him for forgiveness in this life so you will be saved from His punishment in the
next.
 
He causes the night to enter the day, and He causes the day to enter the night and has subjected the sun and the moon – each running [its course] for a specified term. That is Allah, your Lord; to Him belongs sovereignty. And those whom you invoke other than Him do not possess [as much as] the membrane of a date seed
If you invoke them, they do not hear your supplication; and if they heard, they would not respond to you. And on the Day of Resurrection they will deny your association. And none can inform you like [one] Acquainted [with all matters]. [al Faatir 35:13-14]
3. Make sure to do hidden good deeds. Al-Khabeer says:
If you disclose your charitable expenditures, they are good; but if you conceal them and give them to the poor, it is better for you, and He will remove from you some of your misdeeds [thereby]. And Allah, with what you do, is [fully] Acquainted. [al Baqarah 2:271]
Be motivated to do good deeds not for the eye of the people but for Allah Al Khabeer. This means you will thoroughly enjoy those good deeds you can hide as you know you do them for Al Khabeer and the fact that only He knows about them will make you feel close to Him.
4. Adhere to the laws of Al Khabeer. In the Qur’an Allah azza wa jall mentions His attribute of being acquainted with all you do often after He has mentioned one of His laws. Follow the rules and laws Al Khabeer laid out for you in the Qur’an and through the Sunnah to your best ability.
43) Al Qawiyy
This Name of Allah is mentioned in the Qur’an 9 times and the majority of the time it comes with the Name Al Azeez. For example Allah says:
We have already sent Our messengers with clear evidences and sent down with them the Scripture and the balance that the people may maintain [their affairs] in justice. And We sent down iron, wherein is great military might and benefits for the people, and so that Allah may make evident those who support Him and His messengers unseen. Indeed, Allah is Powerful and Exalted in Might. [al Hadeed 57:25]
 
Lingustic meaning:
Strength – opposite of weak. Someone described with the ability to be able to do things. To prevail.
 
Shar’ee meaning:
Al Qawiyy is the Ultimate in Strength; His Attribute of strength never decreases and never has to be followed by a period of rest. The perfect strength of Al Qawiyy is irresistible, and nothing and no one in the heavens and the earth can help but submit to it. Allah can never ever be defeated. He will always be supreme, mighty and powerful. He possesses all forms of Quwwa and His Quwwa never ends. The difference between Qudra (ability) and Quwwa (strength) is that a person that has strength to do something may not have the ability to carry it out but Allah has both Quwwa and Qudra.
 
Benefits we can learn from this Name
1. Remember that Allah is severe in punishment. Every form of punishment has power, strength. We should not think that Allah cannot carry out a punishment.
2. Quwwa of Allah is so great, comes in all forms. Allah shakes the earth from His Quwwa, the earth becomes a Jund (soldier) of Allah. The wind, the rain etc. All creation of Allah is Quwwa of Allah. Destruction of past nations showed His Quwwa. Al Qawee, Al Azeez, Al Shadeedul Iqab, He has the ability to do whatever He
wants. Allah says:
 
As for ‘Aad, they were arrogant upon the earth without right and said, “Who is greater than us in strength?” Did they not consider that Allah who created them was greater than them in strength? But they were rejecting Our signs. [Fussilat 41:15]
3. Be a strong believer. Just as Allah is The All Knowing and loves to see you knowledgeable, and just as and He is The Just and loves to see you being just, Allah azza wajal loves to see the quality of quwwa in you as a believer. The Prophet salallahu alayhi wasallam said:
A strong believer is better and more beloved to Allah than a weak believer, though both are good. Hasten to what benefits you, seeking Allah‘s help, and do not feel defeated. If some misfortune befalls you, do not say: If only I had done such-and-such… but say: It is what Allah decreed, and He does as He wills. The words If only… open the doors for Satan‘s machinations. [Muslim] Have quwwa in your faith, in your determination to enjoin good and forbid evil, in your war against shaytan, in your character and in your will to seek knowledge.
4. Strive for justice and rest assured against the unjust. Al Qawiyy detests strength based on tyranny and injustice. The Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam said:
No nation is blessed unless its weakest members can demand their rights without hesitation. [Sunan Ibn Maajah].
Rest assured in the promise of Al-Qawiyy to those who support His cause:
 
[They are] those who have been evicted from their homes without right – only because they say, “Our Lord is Allah.” And were it not that Allah checks the people, some by means of others, there would have been demolished monasteries, churches, synagogues, and mosques in which the Name of Allah is much mentioned. And Allah will surely support those who support Him. Indeed, Allah is Powerful and Exalted in Might. [al Hajj, 22: 40]
5. Fear Al Qawiyy. Al Qawiyy gave one angel the strength to overturn a whole city or uproot a mountain, and this angel and all others, despite their enormous strength, tremble out of awe and fear of His greatness. So what about us which powers do we have? Fear Al Qawiyy and recall His strength to motivate yourself when you‘re about to do something wrong.
6. Reflect on the creation of Al Qawiyy. Look at the strength of the heat of the sun: in hours it can melt huge ice surfaces which could not be demolished by mankind‘s strongest machines. Reflect on the power of the wind, which can lift up whole villages and blow them in the air like a feather. Contemplate the might of the oceans, swallowing complete countries. Reflecting on creation will help you understand the greatness and mind-blowing strength of the Creator. Contemplate the signs of Al Qawiyy and act upon them by obeying His commands and staying away from His prohibitions.
7. Take comfort in Al Qawiyy. Despite His enormous might and strength, Allah azza wajal is extremely gentle and subtle with His servants.
 
Allah is Subtle with His servants; He gives provisions to whom He wills. And He is the Powerful, the Exalted in Might. [ash Shuraa 42:19].
Take comfort in Him, your protector, your perfect beloved, in times when you feel weak and overcome by worries and difficulties.
 
Al Qawiyy and other Names 
Al Jabbaar, Al Qahhaar, Al Azeez, and Al Qawiyy are all Names of power, strength, and dominance. Allah‘s Name Al Qawiyy is most often paired with His beautiful Name Al Azeez, The All-Mighty. Strength is not suited except to those who are honourable; Al Qawiyy uses His Strength in the most honourable ways to show His perfect might. This combination is used in the context of Allah azza wajal using His strength to support the believers against the tyrants and unjust, while using His might to punish them.
44) Al Mateen
This Name of Allah is mentioned in the Qur’an once. Allah says:
Indeed, it is Allah who is the [continual] Provider, the firm possessor of strength.
[adh Dhariyaat 51:58]
Al Mateen is similar to Al Qawiyy.
 
Linguistic meaning:
shadeed in power, so great, strong and stable. Exaggerated form of quwwa, severely powerful and strong, so much so that it cannot be comprehended.
 
Share’ee meaning:
Allah is severely powerful and possesses inexhaustible strength and He is able to do whatever He wants to do, and His power will never be cut from Him. Al Qawiyy is the One who possesses the attribute of inexhaustible strength, whereas Al Mateen is the One whose nature it is to be firm, steadfast, and determined. He is the One who can easily overcome anything through supreme firmness and strength of determination.
 
Benefits that we can learn from this Name
Same as Al Qawiyy and Al ‗Azeez.
1. Be firm in following the right path. Let the attribute of firmness inspire you to stick to your Deen at all times and be determined to follow the straight path with understanding. The means to staying firm on Islam are: to hold on tight to the Qur’an and strive to understand what you read so you can apply the orders and prohibitions and motivations in your daily life, and; to do as many good deeds as you can; to study the lives of the prophets, peace be upon them, follow their examples, and think about the delights of Paradise, the torture of Hellfire and the agony of death. Al-Mateen says:
Allah keeps firm those who believe, with the firm word that in the worldly life and in the Hereafter. And Allah sends astray the wrongdoers, and Allah does what He wills. [Ibraheem 14:27]
2. Call others to Al Mateen. The soul that is not active will stagnate. Giving da‘wah can save you from punishment and cause Al Mateen to make you stand firm yourself.
So to that [religion of Allah] invite, [O Muhammad], and remain on a right course as you are commanded and do not follow their inclinations but say, “I have believed in what Allah has revealed of the Qur’an, and I have been commanded to do justice among you. Allah is our Lord and your Lord. For us are our deeds, and for you your deeds. There is no [need for] argument between us and you. Allah will bring us together, and to Him is the [final] destination.” [ash Shuraa 42:15]
3. Study the seerah for strength. To strengthen your Islamic identity, follow your roots: study the seerah. The Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam said:
Among the people who came before you, there was a man who was taken and put into a hole dug for him in the earth, then a saw was put on his head and he was cut into two pieces, and an iron comb was used to tear the flesh from his bones, but this still did not turn him away from his religion. [Al-Bukhari]
4. Be confident in the plan of Al Mateen. Allah‘s plan is mateen – know that nothing or no one can defeat His plan. Even though people might plot against you, the reality is Al Mateen will support the believers as long as they are sincere and the ultimate victory will be theirs. So trust in Al Mateen and strive for sincerity in each deed you do. Al Mateen says:
And their words were not but that they said, “Our Lord, forgive us our sins and the excess [committed] in our affairs and plant firmly our feet and give us victory over the disbelieving people.”
So Allah gave them the reward of this world and the good reward of the Hereafter. And Allah loves the doers of good. [ale Imran 3:147-148]
5. Keep close to firm people. Surround yourself with people who are firm upon Islam, seek their advice and be someone who inspires others to stay firm too.
6. Ask Al Mateen. Being able to be steadfast in good and bad times should be one of your daily adiyah (plural of dua) The Prophet salallahu ‗alayhi wa sallam said about your heart:
It changes more than a pot of rapidly boiling water. [Ahmad, al-Hakim] Memorise this dua the Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam made and ask Al Mateen from the bottom of your heart:
Oh Turner of hearts, make my heart firm upon Your religion. Be determined to get into Paradise and keep reminding yourself this world is only temporary.
 
Al Mateen and other Names
 
Ar Razzaq, Al Qawiyy and Al Mateen are mentioned together. Allah is shadeed in Mateen, and so from His rizq He can give you anything. He is severe in His strength and excessive. It highlights the power of Allah, and His ownership of kingdom.

Solidarity with my Sisters

The hijab, first and foremost is an act of worship. It has been obligated in the Quran and sunnah clearly. There is the outer hijab, which most people think is the only aspect of hijab, and the inner hijab. The outer hijab is two parts, the khimaar (headscarf) and the jilbaab (outer garment). We are commanded by Allah to cover our hair, neck and bosoms with our khimaar and to wear an outer garment over our clothes when we go out or will be in an environment with non-mahrems.
“And let them draw their head coverings (khimar) over their neck and bosoms (chest).” Quran [24:31]
“O Prophet, tell your wives and your daughters and the women of the believers to draw a part of their outer garments around them. That is more suitable that they will be known and not be abused.” Quran [33:59]
The inner hijab is the way in which we conduct ourselves when we are alone and in public. It is the way we speak, the way we act, the way in which we present ourselves in front of others and in front of Allah. It is the way we think.
It is having good manners, not speaking in a vulgar way or using foul language. It is the way in which we walk and talk especially in front of the opposite sex. We should not be purposely behaving in a way so that we attract the attention of the opposite sex. We should be confident but still modest in our day to day lives.
This doesn’t mean we cannot speak or go out of the home. We can and should be part of our community and be working in different sectors as females are needed in all types of jobs. We should be seeking knowledge and volunteering. But it is the way we conduct ourselves while doing these things that is important.
“And tell the believing women to lower their gaze and be modest, and to display of their adornment only that which is apparent” Quran [24:31]
In the same ayah, Allah speaks about both the inner and out hijab. This shows us that both are equally important. That both are needed to fulfill the act of worship of hijab.
Now we know that this is a command from Allah and an act of worship. In the Quran the word khimaar (headscarf) is used however in today’s society the word hijab is used to mean headscarf. Yes we are using different words to mean the same thing but it does not however negate the fact that wearing a khimaar is an obligation.
The word hijab means barrier or partition and if you actually look at what the khimaar and jilbaab do, they create a physical barrier. By covering ourselves people can no longer judge us based on how we look they must look at who we are. Our manners and thinking also create a barrier. If we are not using foul or vulgar language them others are less likely to use it around us. If we are behaving in a certain way then others see this and behave in a similar manner.
With everything happening recently, all the attacks on Muslim women, this is the time for all Muslim women whether they wear a headscarf or not to stand together. By making claims that we should not be wearing it you are dividing the sisterhood not empowering it. It makes it harder for those who wear it, you are making them more of a target. Where is the solidarity in that?
It has long been established we should be covering our heads by many scholars and even by the prophet (saw) so are you now claiming that all these people are wrong? We cannot force someone to wear a scarf or a jilbaab but no-one should be trying to force us to take it off either. We do not wear it because we are a sexual distraction for men or because we are weak or because we are forced to by men. We wear it because by fulfilling this act of worship we will please our creator and get closer to Him.