Diseases of the Hearts and their Cures part1

So currently I’m attending a weekly class on the diseases of the heart and their cures and I wanted to share what I learnt with you all so we can all benefit inshaAllah.

So why is it important to study the diseases of the heart?

1) Purification of the heart was one of the objectives of prophethood.

Ibrahim (as) made this dua: Our Lord, and send among them a messenger from themselves who will recite to them your verses and teach them the book and hikmah and purify them. Quran (2:129)

Allah responded by saying: Certainly did Allah confer (great) favour upon the believers when He sent among them a messenger from themselves reciting to them His verses and purifying them and teaching them the book and hikmah, although they had been before in manifest error. Quran (3:164)

In these ayahs we learn that Allah answered the dua of Ibrahim (as) but Allahs response was different in that He said ‘purify them’ before teaching the book and hikmah which shows that we need to purify ourselves first in order to learn what the Quran is teaching us and have hikmah.

2) The heart is the most important organ in the body.

Indeed in the body is a piece of flesh, if it is correct the whole body is correct and if it is corrupt then the whole body will be corrupt, verily this piece is the heart. (Bukhari)

If the heart is corrupt then this will dictate what the limbs will do. So we need to first fix our heart for our limbs to be fixed.

3) We often neglect studying the diseases of the heart but a lot of societal problems are a result of a corrupt heart. For example arguments are often caused by diseases such as envy, pride, arrogance etc. So in order to rectify these societal issues we must rectify our hearts.

4) Purification of the heart is the key to success in the dunya and the aakhirah.

The day when there will not benefit (anyone) wealth and children. But only those who comes to God with a sound heart. Quran (26:88-89)

If we want to be saved in the aakhirah and enter Jannah we need to purify our hearts of these diseases.

So how do we know that our heart is sick?

Ibn al-Qayyim discussed signs of a sick heart, some of these signs are:

1) The person doesn’t feel remorse when he commits a sin.

2) He finds pleasure in committing acts of disobedience.

3) When he hears the truth he has difficulty accepting or submitting to it.

4) He is not affected by any reminder, khutbah, Quran recitation etc.

Don’t look at the size of the sin, look at the greatness of the one who we disobeyed.

What effect does sinning have on the heart?

The prophet (saw) said: When a slave commits a sin, a black spot appears on his heart. If he gives up the sin, seeks forgiveness and repents, his heart will be cleansed, but if he repeats it, (the blackness) will increase until it overwhelms his heart. (Ibn Majah)

Some of the effects that sinning has on the heart that Ibn al-Qayyim discusses are:

1) Being deprived of knowledge, as knowledge is a light that Allah causes to reach the heart and sinning extinguishes that light.

2) Being deprived of provision. The prophet (saw) said: A man is deprived of provision because of the sins that he commits. (Ahmad)

3) Deprivation of worship and obedience. Sinning prevents a person from doing an act of worship and cuts off access to other acts of worship.

4) Sin leads to sin. The more this happens the harder it is to escape it. Eg. Being jealous of someone can lead to you gossipping and backbiting that person.

5) Sin weakens a persons willpower and makes him desensitised to sinning. The person will gradually find it easier to commit sins and harder to repent. Eventually he will not be bothered about sinning and it will become a habit.

So how do we protect our heart?

There are a number of ways to strengthen the heart. Some of which are:

1) Consistently fulfilling the obligatory actions. Not just the pillars of Islam but also all the obligations we have in regards to family, friends, neighbours etc.

2) Building a strong relationship with the Quran

3) Reciting the morning and evening adhkar

4) Increasing your dua. We should make dua for all things, both in regards to deen and dunya.

5) Repentance. Allah tells us again and again to seek forgiveness because it’s in our nature to sin.

I hope this has been helpful and now we know why we need to study the diseases of the heart and give importance to purifying our heart. I will discuss each disease that we go through in class inshaAllah. The next post will be about hasad (envy).


Even the disco can be a place of religious inspiration

Even the disco can be a place of religious inspiration…
Describing herself as an “air force brat”, Joann’s religious inspiration came one night while she was at a disco.

Watch on to see how God guided her and helped her overcome…

When Hollywood introduces you to Islam

When Hollywood introduces you to Islam…
Growing up in the South, Mujahid was introduced to Islam in the most unexpected of ways – a movie starring Charlton Heston.

Watch on to see how God guided him and helped him overcome…

Ever heard of an opera singer embracing Islam?


Assalamualaikum guys! So i’m going to be working with a lovely sister who does excellent work sharing revert stories in the hopes that it will help others who are contemplating reverting. She hopes that by sharing these stories through YouTube videos, it will help others. Check out the website for more information overcome.tv

So please share these with family and friends! I will be posting them regularly on here and on my Twitter page Sunnah Care Hijama (@_islamicFeeds) so do have a look on there too!

Ever heard of an opera singer embracing Islam?

Being away from her family gave Sandra an opportunity to question the religion she had sung for since childhood. And it was through a sincere prayer for guidance that God put her on the path of Islam.

Watch on to see how God guided her and helped her overcome her concerns…

An Explanation of Allahs Names and Attributes part 24

80) As Samee’
This Name of Allah appears in the Qur’an 45 times.
For example Allah says:
Certainly has Allah heard the speech of the one who argues with you, [O Muhammad], concerning her husband and directs her complaint to Allah . And Allah hears your dialogue; indeed, Allah is Hearing and Seeing. [al Mujaadilah 58:1]
Allah also says:
And [mention] when Abraham was raising the foundations of the House and [with him] Ishmael, [saying], “Our Lord, accept [this] from us. Indeed You are the Hearing, the Knowing [al Baqarah 2:127]
Linguistic meaning: 
1) comes from sama’a or sami’a Lisaan al arab defines sami’a as something whereby you use your ears to hear a sound. The attribute of sound to ears is for the majority of creation but not for all. The more correct definition is ability to hear.
2) To grant a request. Allah grants requests; He hears adiyah [plural of du’a] and grants them.
Shar’ee meaning:
The One, The Mighty, The great, who hears the entire creation, who hears all sounds and all voices, regardless how loud or how quiet they are or they are said all together or separately. He hears everything, even those things that don’t make an apparent sound, such as whispers of the heart, whispers of the mind. As-Samee‘ refers to the perfection and the totality of Allah‘s hearing, which cannot be compared with the hearing of any other created being. Al Khattabi says: He hears everything clearly, hears all sounds, noises, voices, whispers. It is not possible for a sound to be made except that Allah can hear it.
Ibn Qayyim says: the action of hearing carries 4 meanings;
1) Allah hears all voices and all sounds
2) Allah doesn’t just hear them, Allah understands all of it. Someone who is mute, Allah still understands/knows what He means, even though there’s no formation of words and sentences.
3) Allah responds to all sounds and all voices.
4) Acceptance and submission. Allah knows exactly what has been said and how it has been said, He knows the exact meaning and He knows the response that will be delivered and no one can change what has been said. Submit to the fact that Allah is all Hearing. As Samiee’.
Ibn Qayyim says after mentioning these 4 principles: As Samee’ is the One who rose over His creation with His hearing. Hears all sounds and all voices. He doesn’t get confused, and He hears them all clearly and responds to them all clearly. No one can understand the hearing of Allah and no one can be similar in the hearing of Allah. Allah doesn’t become busy or over busy by responding to different calls and providing different requests. He is samee’ in form of mubaalagah (exaggeration) and He is perfect in this. Allah hears all sounds, the apparent and the hidden, the loud and the quiet and He responds to the call of the one who calls. Allah listens to the one who praises Him
Benefits we can take from this Name:
1. We affirm the siffat of hearing of Allah. It is a matter of ‘aqeedah. Ahlus Sunnah believe Allah has the siffat of hearing, not like anything else.
[He is] Creator of the heavens and the earth. He has made for you from yourselves, mates, and among the cattle, mates; He multiplies you thereby. There is nothing like unto Him, and He is the Hearing, the Seeing. [ash Shuraa 42:11]
2. Having khawf. Fear that Allah can hear everything we say, better than we can hear it ourself. His hearing and seeing encompasses everything. Allah sees the black ant on the black rock in the black night. Refrain from speaking bad, fearing the punishment of Allah.
3. We should be proud and have tawakkul and have comfort in knowing that we have a Lord that hears our cries. Not only hears, but a Lord that responds as well. Allah knows, sees everything in the Heavens and the Earth. Allah is with you wherever you go, in His ‘ilm, hearing and seeing all. Have tawakkul and hope because Allah hears our du’a and He responds to our trust and reliance upon Him. The Ambiya used to make du’a to Allah regularly as been mentioned throughout the Qur’an.
There is not a thing that is vague to Allah. We haven’t seen Rasoolullah sallalahu alayhi wassalam but we heard about him and know about him. Allah has seen everything, He is the greatest shaheed [witness], He has seen everything, heard everything and knows about everything.
4. Study the etiquette of speech for a Muslim. How do you know if your speech is pleasing to As-Samee‘ if you do not study His book and the sunnah of the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him? Learn about the prohibitions of the tongue, like backbiting, swearing, and lying and refrain from doing them. Study the types of speech As-Samee‘ loves to hear from you, like dhikr, good advice, kind words to others, and reciting the Quran and engage in doing these frequently.
5. Feel sami‘Allahu liman hamidah‘ . Next to the amazing Hearing of Allah, The beautiful Name As-Samee‘ also means He answers our prayers. After bowing in prayer we say: sami‘Allahu liman hamidah (Allah hears the one who praises Him). We know that Allah hears us; this means that Allah answers those who praise Him and seek Him in prayer. Now every time you say sami‘Allahu liman hamidah, feel that Allah is The All-Hearer and make the intention to strive that He only hears good from you.
6. Be comforted by As-Samee‘. When Allah azza wa jall sent Musa and Harun to confront the Pharaoh, He comforted them with the words:
[Allah] said; Fear not. Indeed, I am with you (both); I hear and I see. [Ta Ha 20:46] As-Samee‘ hears and answers your prayers, so invoke Him and supplicate to Him. Remember that dua‘ is the weapon of the believer and can make the mountains shake.
7. Ask As-Samee‘ to bless your hearing. Allah – As-Samee‘ loves those who use the abilities He gave them for His sake. Ask Him to help you to use your hearing and your tongue only for things pleasing to Him.
As Samee’ and other Names
As Samee’ is mentioned with Al Qareeb. Allah says:
Say, “If I should err, I would only err against myself. But if I am guided, it is by what my Lord reveals to me. Indeed, He is Hearing and near.” [Saba 34:50]
When a person asks Allah for something, Allah hears it and then Allah becomes close to Him. We get closer to Allah by requesting.
Allah says:
And when My servants ask you, [O Muhammad], concerning Me – indeed I am near. I respond to the invocation of the supplicant when he calls upon Me. [al Baqarah 2:186]
81) Al Baseer
This Name of Allah Appears in the Qur’an 42 times. For example Allah says:
Exalted is He who took His Servant by night from al-Masjid al-Haram to al-Masjid al- Aqsa, whose surroundings We have blessed, to show him of Our signs. Indeed, He is the Hearing, the Seeing. [al Israa 17:1]
Allah also says:
And Allah judges with truth, while those they invoke besides Him judge not with anything. Indeed, Allah – He is the Hearing, the Seeing. [al Ghaafir 40:20]
Lingustic meaning:
mentioned in lisaan al ‘Arab: comes from the root word, basara, which means, the ability to see.
Share’ee meaning:
At Tabbari says: Allah is Baseer, He possesses the ability to see. He sees absolutely everything. The smallest, the greatest, the actions we do and those that we don’t do. His ‘ilm through His seeing encompasses the heavens and the earth. He memorises and He remembers what He sees, until there comes a day where He will inform everyone of what they done and punish and reward accordingly.
Al Khattabi says: Allah is Baseer of the smallest of thing. Allah sees the black ant walking on black stone, in depth of black water in the dark black night. His vision encompasses everything. No one can leave the vision of Allah. Allah is Baseer in mubaalagha form – nothing can go out of His vision. As Sa’di says: Allah sees everything, He sees the Heavens and earth and everything it contains, He sees the smallest of things, sees that which is inside a person body and the things that are covered, the apparent and the hidden, the strength of people, their bones, their limbs, the water inside trunks of trees, He sees the air that the trees breathe, He sees all things however small or large, for He is Al Baseer – complete and perfect in His vision, and in His ‘ilm.
Two types of seeing of Allah
1) Allah sees everything in the heavens and the earth, the hidden and the apparent.
2) Allah sees the needs, request and requirements of everyone.
Benefits we can learn from this Name:
1. Increases our fear. The fact that Allah sees the whole of creation and everything we do and every breath we take, shows who Allah is. A man once came to Muhammad ibn Adam (from the salaf) and said give me some advice on how I can sin. Muhammad ibn Adam said; find a place where Allah cannot see you, in a place that doesn’t belong to Allah, and sin without using a blessing that He has given you.” It is not possible to do this, thus there is no place where a person can sin.
2. Watch your deeds. How many times have you watched your deeds when certain people were around? As a Muslim one of your tasks is to mind the acts of your limbs and your heart anytime, anywhere, and in any company. A practical tip is to imagine yourself being watched by a camera which follows you 24/7, whether you are with people or all alone. The sight of Al-Baseer cannot be topped by a hundred million cameras.
3. Truly being a mukhlis, someone who has ikhlaas, in all actions. Because Allah sees our actions and how we do them and who we really do them for. Allah sees the zhaahir and baatin, the things that can be seen and can’t be seen.
4. Worship Allah as if we can see Him, and if we can’t do this, then worship Allah knowing He can see us. If we remember this then our Khushoo’ in Salah will increase.
5. Strive for quality. Knowing that Allah sees everything you do encourages you to be more devoted in your worship, more righteous in your deeds, and kinder to others. This is why Rasoolullah sallalahu alayhi wassalm, said:
Excellence in faith is to worship your Lord as if you see Him, and though You do not see Him, know that He sees you. [Al-Bukhari, Muslim] Strive for ehsaan (excellence) in every act you do.
6. Trust in Al-Baseer at all times. He sees every obstacle and sorrow you face and everything others do to you, He is the Only One Who only gives you what is good for you at all times. Therefore submit and put all your trust in Him only. Al-Baseer says:
And rely upon the Exalted in Might, the Merciful, who sees you when you arise (to pray) and your movement among those who prostrate. Indeed He is the Hearing, the Knowing [ash Shu’araa 26: 217-219]
7. Presevere. Al-Baseer reassured the Prophet sallalahu alayhi wassalam and says:
And be patient [O Muhammad] for the decision of your Lord, for indeed you are in Our Eyes. And exalt [Allah] with praise of your Lord when you arise [at Tur 52:48]
Isn‘t it the most comfortable and reassuring feeling for your heart knowing as a believer Your Lord is so close to you and sees and hears everything you go through? When others do injustice to you and no one seems to notice, take strength from the fact that Al-Baseer is seeing them and will recompense for it.
8. Believe in the decree of Al-Baseer. Whenever Allah creates something, grants something, gives life, causes death, guides someone, or allows someone to stray, it is in accordance with His wisdom, His perfect knowledge, and His complete vision that nothing can escape from.
Fighting has been enjoined upon you while it is hateful to you. But perhaps you hate a thing and it is good for you; and perhaps you love a thing and it is bad for you. And Allah knows while you know. [al Baqarah 2:216] Al-Baseer observes how you respond to His ayaat. Believe that everything Al-Baseer does is a complete tailor-made test for you and only for your own good, even though you might not like it.
9. Seek refuge in Al-Baseer. Knowing that Allah is the All-Seeing protects the believer from committing sins. Since Allah azza wa jall is taking account of everything we do, there is no escape from Him except to seek refuge with Him. Use the isti‘aadhah (saying: a‘oodhu billaahi minash-shaytaanir rajeem) a lot in your daily life, in times of anger, fear, and despair.
10. Ask Al-Baseer to bless your sight. Allah Al-Baseer loves those who use the abilities He gave them for His sake. Ask Him to help you to use your sight and insight only for things pleasing to Him.
11. Make dua to Al-Baseer abundantly. Al-Baseer sees every hardship you face, so invoke Him and supplicate to Him. Remember at all times; the fact that you are able to make sujood and even say Yaa Allah is a blessing that surpasses all others.
Al Baseer and other Names
Allah mentiones Al Baseer in conjunction with Al kabeer -1) the specialist 2) the One with inner knowledge (Aleem is outer knowledge). The reason behind this pairing is that Allah is Al Baseer in mubaalagah – exaggerated form. He is a specialist in seeing, but along with that He sees the inner details of the actions of our hearts. So Him being Al Khabeer is also related to Him being Al Baseer. As Al Baseer, the One who see every single thing, He is also Al Khabeer, the One who knows of every detail of every single thing. Allah also mentions Al Baseer with As Samee’ – Just as Allah sees everything, He hears everything and there’s nothing He does not hear or see.
82) Ash Shaheed
This Name of Allah appears in the Qu’ran 18 times. For example Allah says:
I said not to them except what You commanded me – to worship Allah , my Lord and your Lord. And I was a witness over them as long as I was among them; but when You took me up, You were the Observer over them, and You are, over all things, Witness.
[al Maeda 5:117]
Allah also says:
But Allah bears witness to that which He has revealed to you. He has sent it down with His knowledge, and the angels bear witness [as well]. And sufficient is Allah as Witness.
[an Nisaa 4:166]
Linguistic meaning: 
1) One who testifies over the whole of creation, witnesses over them whilst knowing everything that they do, and one day this witness will inform and declare everything its seen and heard from its knowledge.
2) The one who testifies, offer testimony.
3) To have knowledge of something.
Shar’ee meaning:
At Tabbari says: Allah will testify because He was a witness over everything, both the apparent and the hidden. It is a follow up from the Names As Sami’ Al Baseer. Extreme form of being a witness, Ash Shaheed – a witness over entire creation, He has seen and heard everything, the knowledge from vision can never be changed or forgotten. Al Khattabi says: there is not a single thing that is hidden from Him, He is Ash Shaahid, and Ash Shaheed. Allah has seen everything and will declare it because of the fact that He has seen it. He has witnessed everything with vision and hearing all of the actions that took place, then being haafeedh, He protects/memorises them, and then He will inform us of them on that day.
Benefits we can learn from this Name
1. Allah is overall the most powerful witness over entire creation because He has heard and seen everything. Everything is encompassed in His knowledge. The believer has a great warning and a great fear with this Name. On yawmal qiyyamah, Ash Shaheed will testify against him and a he would have great fear. What other argument will this person have, when Allah Ash-Shaheed is a witness against him. There is no greater witness and testimony but Allah’s. Ash-Shaheed is witnessing every step you take and will take you to account. Use this tip: when you are about to do something wrong, look up at the sky and imagine Ash-Shaheed watching you.
2. His Shahadah (testimony) is the greatest of Shahadah.
Say, “What thing is greatest in testimony?” Say, “Allah is witness between me and you. And this Qur’an was revealed to me that I may warn you thereby and whomever it reaches. Do you [truly] testify that with Allah there are other deities?” Say, “I will not testify [with you].” Say, “Indeed, He is but one God, and indeed, I am free of what you associate [with Him].” [al An’aam 6:19]
This grants and instils in us fear. Allah is the One who testifies that there is none worthy of worship but Him. And on yawmal qiyyamah He will have the greatest shahadah.
3. Say the sahahda, live the shahada. The Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam said:
Man shahida an la ilaha illallah dakhala al-jannah – Whoever witnesses that there is no god but Allah alone enters Paradise.[Muslim]. Your testimony of faith in Allah is something you not only utter, but that which you must live by. When you say ‘I bear witness there is no god but Allah’ it means that in your talk and actions, in your house or outside you, show that you love Allah more than anyone else, you accept Him as your Creator, Master and Ruler of the universe, that you worship Him alone in all matters and not your desires or others‘ directions. Next time when you say the shahada in your prayer, reflect upon the meaning. Increase in saying la ilaha illallah to renew your emaan.
4. Trust in Ash-Shaheed. Ash-Shaheed says in this beautiful soothing ayah:
And be patient, [O Muhammad], for the decision of your Lord, for Indeed, you are in Our eyes. And exalt [Allah] with praise of your Lord when you arise [at Tur 52: 48] Rest assured that any unjust treatment by the hands of others you go through, slander, gossip or abuse, Ash-Shaheed is your Witness and you will get justice.
5. Don‘t make your limbs testify against you. Use your tongue for speech beloved by Ash-Shaheed, your eyes to read the Quran, your limbs to pray to Him as they will all testify as to what you used them for. The Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam said:
I was amazed at how a servant will dispute with his Lord on the Day of Resurrection. He will say, My Lord, did You not promise me that you would not treat me unjustly‖ Allah will say, Yes. The man will say, I will not accept any witness against me except from myself. Allah will say, Is it not sufficient that I and the angels, the noble scribes, are witnesses These words will be repeated several times, then a seal will be placed over his mouth and his organs (or limbs) will speak about what he used to do. Then he will say, Away with you! It was only for your sake that I was arguing!‖ [Muslim and An-Nasa‘i]
Side note: Martyr in Arabic is called Shaheed – someone who declares/testifies. One reason given behind this title for them is because after they’re souls are taken, they see their places in Jannah, they witness their place. They see their sins being forgiven, from the 1st drop of blood that falls.
83) Ar Raqeeb
This Name of Allah appears in the Qu’ran 3 times. For example Allah says:
said not to them except what You commanded me – to worship Allah , my Lord and your Lord. And I was a witness over them as long as I was among them; but when You took me up, You were the Observer over them, and You are, over all things, Witness. [al Maeda 5:117]
And Allah says:
O mankind, fear your Lord, who created you from one soul and created from it its mate and dispersed from both of them many men and women. And fear Allah , through whom you ask one another, and the wombs. Indeed Allah is ever, over you, an Observer. [an Nisaa 4:1]
Allah also says:
Not lawful to you, [O Muhammad], are [any additional] women after [this], nor [is it] for you to exchange them for [other] wives, even if their beauty were to please you, except what your right hand possesses. And ever is Allah , over all things, an Observer. [al Ahzaab 33:52]
Linguistic meaning: 
observer, the one who observes. Similar to Ash-Shaheed but has addition of haafidh – one who protects/memorises and Al Muntadhir one who waits patitently.
Shar’ee Meaning:
Al-Haafidh is the one who protects and memorises, to whom nothing can ever disappear from. Ar-Raqeeb is mubaalagha. The One who is waiting and observing the whole of creation. At Tabbari: says; meaning of Raqeeb is Haafidhan – memorises everything without the possibility of forgetting. He memorises and protects you, your actions, thoughts and statements. Ibn Qayyim says: Raqeeb of every action, every niyyah, outwardly, inwardly, every goal, objective and thought. As S’adi says: both Ar-Raqeeb and Ash-Shaheed are very similar.
A beautiful example of belief in Ar-Raqeeb
Narrated `Abdullah ibn Zayd ibn Aslam, from his father, from his grandfather, who said:
When I was accompanying `Umar ibn al-Khattab on his patrol of Madinah at night, he felt tired, so he leant against a wall. It was the middle of the night, and (we heard) a woman say to her daughter, O my daughter, get up and mix that milk with some water. The girl said, O Mother, did you not hear the decree of Amir al-Mu‘minin (chief of the believers) today? The mother said, What was that? The girl said, He ordered someone to announce in a loud voice that milk should not be mixed with water. The mother said, Get up and mix the milk with water; you are in a place where `Umar cannot see you. The girl told her mother, I cannot obey Him (Allah) in public and disobey him in private. [Sifat al-Safwah and Wafiyat al-A‘yan and cited by Ibn al-Jawzi in Ahkam al-Nisa‘]
This is an example of how we should understand and be aware of Ar-Raqeeb. This young woman was upright in her deeds, in public and private, because she believed that Allah was observing her at all times! The righteous leader Umar Ibn Abdul-Azeez descended from her.
Benefits we can take from this Name 
Same as As Samee’, Al baseer, Ash shaheed.
1. Allah is the supervisor of the whole creation. He is testifying and He is observing, what people are doing and how they are doing it. Ibn Qayyim says: Ar-Raqeeb goes with the Name Al-Haafidh, Al-Aleem, As Samee’ Al-Baseer. Allah is on the level of being the great supervisor, and observer. These 5 Names when put together complete each other. Ibn Qayyim says: whoever learns these Names, they know that Allah is the greatest one who sees, hears and preserves knowledge. Allah knows the whole of creation, He is observing the whole of creation, He is a witness over it, He is looking and seeing the whole of creation. With the Name Ar-Raqeeb, He memorises, stores, protects, looks after and then He will declare everything He seen, heard, observed, witnessed on yawmal qiyyamah. These Names builds fear in the heart of creation.
Know that you are never alone. A scholar in the past advised: Repeat the following statement whenever you go to bed, wake up or go out, Allah looks at me; Allah watches me; Allah witnesses me. Knowing that Ar-Raqeeb is watching over you is called muraqabah; remind yourself Allah is watching your every move, feel His presence and converse with Him, making dua to Him to keep your intentions pure and your deeds upright.
2. Mind your words. Some of us might stay away from the major sins, such as adultery and interest, but we commit thousands of sins daily with the way we speak and what we speak about. Be inspired by Ar-Raqeeb to mind every word you speak and ask yourself: does this speech please Allah or make Him angry? Allah says:
Man does not utter any word except that with him is an observer prepared [to record]. [Qaaf 50:18]
3. Remember Ar-Raqeeb when you are tempted.
One day Umar ibn al-Khattab radiyallahu anhu found a shepherd and asked if the boy would sell him a sheep. The boy replied that it was not his. `Umar ibn al-Khattab made him an offer to see how he would react, He said: If your master asks you, tell him that the sheep was eaten by a wolf. He looked at him and said, And what would I say to Him (i.e. Allah)? `Umar cried and said, By Allah, you are right. What would you say to Him? Whenever you feel tempted to do something haraam or not doing something Allah wants from you, then think about how Ar-Raqeeb is watching you.
4. Supplicate to Ar-Raqeeb. When the Prophet Yunus alayhi sallam was all alone in the whale, what did he say?
And [mention] the man of the fish, when he went off in anger and thought that We would not decree [anything] upon him. And he called out within the darknesses, There is no deity except You; exalted are You. Indeed, I have been of the wrongdoers. [al Anbiya 21:87] The Prophet Yunus was all alone and He sought forgiveness from the One Who was watching Him all along. When you are all alone, whether it be psychically because you are stuck somewhere, or mentally because you feel down, seek forgiveness from Ar-Raqeeb and He will give you a way out.
5. Khushoo’ in salah, everything is hidden in general. He knows better than you what is inside you, Imam as S’adi says He even knows the intentions and the inside depths of heart. Allah knows, sees, hears it.
The rest of the Names that follow were not covered in the course due to lack of time, therefore the notes for these Names are taken from the website understandquran.com however I changed around the format to match the format of the notes from the course and I added in the Arabic text of the ayat and ahadith and other extra information I could find to enhance the notes.
84) Al Mujeeb
This Name of Allah is mentioned in the Qu’ran Once. Allah says:
And Noah had certainly called us and [We are] the best of responders. [as Saffaat 37:75]
Lingusitic meaning:
to answer, reply, respond, and accept, to have a dialogue or conference.
Share’ee meaning:
He is the One who responds to needs, He answers prayers and He is the One who penetrates each obstacle in order to respond.
Responding to Each Request with Ease
The Name Al-Mujeeb is related in meaning to Al-Hakeem (The All-Wise), Al-Aleem (The All-Knowing), As-Samee‘ (The All-Hearing), Al-Baseer (The All-Seeing), Al-Wahhaab (The Giver of Gifts) and Al-Kareem. He responds to our requests in a way that displays His ultimate wisdom and knowledge. While we call out to Him He is All-Hearing and All-Seeing and He often gives us more than we deserve or even ask. He is the Most Generous, Al-Kareem. His amazing power and wisdom in responding to our requests is demonstrated in this part of a beautiful hadith qudsi: O My servants, were the first of you and the last of you, the human of you and the jinn of you to rise up in one place and make a request of Me, and were I to give everyone what he requested, that would not decrease what I have, any more that a needle decreases the sea if put into it.. [Muslim, at-Tirmidhi and Ibn Majah]
Benefits we can learn from this Name
1. Respond to the call of Al-Mujeeb. Al-Mujeeb says:
And when My servants ask you, [O Muhammad], concerning Me – indeed I am near. I respond to the invocation of the supplicant when he calls upon Me. So let them respond to Me [by obedience] and believe in Me that they may be [rightly] guided. [al Baqarah 2:186]. Your share in this Name is that you are responsive to the commandments of Al-Mujeeb.
2. Know the art of asking. Ask for His forgiveness before you ask for anything, as was the formula of the Prophet Yunus alayhi sallam when he desperately needed his supplication to be answered to be saved from the belly of the whale. Ask Al-Mujeeb for everything (halal) you wish in the Hereafter but also in this world. He loves it that you ask Him for everything you need in your deen and dunya (worldy matters). Ask him for clothing, a house to live in, food, drink, guidance, success etc.
3. Think good of Al-Mujeeb. Al-Mujeeb does not disappoint a believer who calls upon Him, however don‘t be hasty as His delay is not His denial. The answer to your dua‘ might come in a different form or time you wanted or expected. Made under the right circumstances – such as not earning haram income when asking Him or asking Him for something haram, like cutting of family ties – Al-Mujeeb responds to your dua, postpones it or prevents something bad from happening.
4. Respond to the servants of Al-Mujeeb . Be of those who don‘t just respond to the plight of those in need but of those who also actively themselves look for those who are in need of support. Have an active attitude in relation to the requests of the environment you live in and of the Ummah as a whole.
5. Practise four powerful Quranic supplications for four powerful responses. Al-Mujeeb relates to you the responses He gave after being supplicated to in different types of hardship. So whenever you are in a similar situation, apply the same dua‘ and have faith in the response of Al-Mujeeb.
1) When you feel sad, say:
And [mention] the man of the fish, when he went off in anger and thought that We would not decree [anything] upon him. And he called out within the darknesses, “There is no deity except You; exalted are You. Indeed, I have been of the wrongdoers.” [al Anbiya 21:87]
The response:
So We responded to him and saved him from the distress. And thus do We save the believers. [al anbiya 21:88]
2) When you feel scared say:
Those to whom hypocrites said, “Indeed, the people have gathered against you, so fear them.” But it [merely] increased them in faith, and they said, Sufficient for us is Allah, and [He is] the best Disposer of affairs. [ale Imran 3:173]
The response:
So they returned with favour from Allah and bounty, no harm having touched them.
[ale Imran 3:174]
3) When you are ill say:
And [mention] Ayyub when he called to his Lord, “Indeed, adversity has touched me, and you are the Most Merciful of the merciful” [al Anbiya 21:83]
The response:
So We responded to him and removed what afflicted him of adversity. And We gave him [back] his family and the like thereof with them as mercy from Us and a reminder for the worshippers [of Allah]. [al Anbiya 21:84]
4) When you feel hurt by other people say:
And you will remember what I [now] say to you and, I entrust my affair to Allah. Indeed, Allah is Seeing of [His] servants [al Ghaafir 40:44]
The response:
So Allah protected him from the evils they plotted, and the people of Pharaoh were enveloped by the worst of punishment. [al Ghaafir 40:45]
Learn these and say them with yaqeen that Al Mujeeb will answer you when you call upon Him.

An Explanation of Allahs Beautiful Names and Attributes part 20

60) As Samad
This Name of Allah appears in the Qu’ran once. Allah says:
Allah; the eternal refuge [al Ikhlaas 112:2]
It also appears in a hadith in Tirmidhi.
Abu Hurairah narrates that ―I entered the mosque in the company of the blessed Prophet peace be upon him and saw a man who had finished performing prayer and was making the following dua: 
The blessed Prophet peace be upon him claimed ―by his honour in whose hands my life is that person has beseeched his lord through His great name. Whenever a person asks him through His great name he always grants him and whenever he offers a prayer through His great name he accepts it. [At Tirmidhi]
Du’a using Names of Allah are more likely to be accepted, as seen in this hadith.
Linguistic meaning:
comes from verb samada. To withstand, remain firm/steadfast, to resist.
Shar’ee meaning:
Ibn Jarir at Tabari says: As Samad means, the Master who doesn’t need anything, the One to whom there is no one above, whom there is no one greater and who everyone is in dire need of.
Az Zujaji says: He is the master that withstands, and doesn’t need anything. He is Self sufficient and everything is in dire need of Allah. Ibn Qayyim says: He is the illaah, He is the Lord, As-Sayyid – the Master, the Creator, the One above all, As Samad – the One to whom the entire creation are in need of. He is perfect in His description from every angle, and perfect without their being any single deficiency. Ibn Abbas says: this means the One to whom all creation depends upon for their needs and requests. He is the Master who is perfect in His Sovereignty, the most noble who is perfect in His nobility, the most magnificent, who is perfect in His magnificence, the most forbearing, who is perfect in His forbearance the all knowing, who is perfect in His knowledge, the most wise, who is perfect in His wisdom, He is the One who is perfect in all aspects of nobility and authority. He is Allah, glory be onto Him. These Attributes are not befitting to anyone other than Him. He has no co-equal and nothing is like Him. As Samad is the Master whose control is complete. As Samad doesn’t just mean One who is self sufficient but He is perfect in all the characteristics that He has, Master of every characteristic. So He is the master of rahma, the master of ‘izzah, the master of rizq, the master of hearing, seeing, knowledge etc. He is self sufficient and free of the need of anything. He doesn’t need our ibadah. If the whole world was to disobey Him, it wouldn’t increase or decrease His power or kingdom at all. And if the whole world was to worship Him, how He is meant to be worshipped, again, it would not increase or decrease the glory and power of Allah. He is perfect in everything.
On the authority of Abu Dharr al-Ghifaree (may Allah be pleased with him) from the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) from his Lord, that He said:
O My servants! I have forbidden dhulm (oppression) for Myself, and I have made it forbidden amongst you, so do not oppress one another. O My servants, all of you are astray except those whom I have guided, so seek guidance from Me and I shall guide you. O My servants, all of you are hungry except those whom I have fed, so seek food from Me and I shall feed you. O My servants, all of you are naked except those whom I have clothed, so seek clothing from Me and I shall clothe you. O My servants, you commit sins by day and by night, and I forgive all sins, so seek forgiveness from Me and I shall forgive you. O My servants, you will not attain harming Me so as to harm Me, and you will not attain benefiting Me so as to benefit Me. O My servants, if the first of you and the last of you, and the humans of you and the jinn of you, were all as pious as the most pious heart of any individual amongst you, then this would not increase My Kingdom an iota. O My servants, if the first of you and the last of you, and the humans of you and the jinn of you, were all as wicked as the most wicked heart of any individual amongst you, then this would not decrease My Kingdom an iota. O My servants, if the first of you and the last of you, and the humans of you and the jinn of you, were all to stand together in one place and ask of Me, and I were to give everyone what he requested, then that would not decrease what I Possess, except what is decreased of the ocean when a needle is dipped into it. O My servants, it is but your deeds that I account for you, and then recompense you for. So he who finds good, let him praise Allah, and he who finds other than that, let him blame no one but himself. [Musim – Hadith Qudsi]
This hadith shows the dire need of the creation on As Samad for everything from guidance to food and clothes and forgiveness for our numerous sins. It also displays the self sufficiency and richness of Allah, whose kingdom does not decrease in the slightest from any act of obedience or disobedience from any of His slaves and from His granting all His slaves their requests. Allahu Akbar.
From the other shar’ee meaning of As Samad is the One in which the creation is in dire need of then without Allah, we are nothing. All of these meanings come from the Name As Samad.
It was written in the Tafsir of Ibn Kathir: In his Book of Salah, Al-Bukhari recorded that Anas said, “A man from the Ansar used to lead the people in prayer in the Masjid of Quba’. Whenever he began a Surah in the recitation of the prayer that he was leading them, he would start by reciting `Say: He is Allah, One’ until he completed the entire Surah. Then he would recite another Surah along with it (after it). And used to do this in every Rak`ah. So his companions spoke to him about this saying; `Verily, you begin the prayer with this Surah. Then you think that it is not sufficient for you unless you recite another Surah as well. So you should either recite it or leave it and recite another Surah instead.’ The man replied, `I will not leave it off. If you want me to continue leading you (in prayer), I will do this; and if you all do not like it, I will leave you (i.e., I will stop leading you).’ They used to consider him to be of the best of them to lead them in prayer and they did not want anyone else to lead them other than him. So, when the Prophet, sallalahu alayhi wasalaam, came they informed him of this information and he said, ‗O so-and-so! What prevents you from doing what your companions are commanding you to do, and what makes you adhere to the recitation of this Surah in every Rak`ah?‘ The man said, `Verily, I love it.’ The Prophet, sallalahu alayhi wasalaam, replied, your love of it will cause you to enter Paradise.‘
This short, but amazingly beautiful and profound surah is a description of Allah Himself, His Oneness, His samad‘yyah and His incomparability. Allah revealed this surah as a powerful answer to the people of Makkah who asked the Prophet salallahu ‗alayhi wa sallam to describe His Lord and His lineage.‘
What is ikhlaas ( sincerity)? It is doing deeds purely for Him and to seek His pleasure, because He is Al-Ahad, the One and Unique. It is turning to Him for our needs and desires and desire Him only, because He is As-Samad, The Eternal and the Satisfier of Needs, and it is to live by the fact that there is no one equal to Him in any of His Attributes.
Benefits we can learn from this Name
1. Once a person knows that he is need of Allah, the One who is perfect and has no deficiencies, and he affirms this, then he understands that it is to Him that true muhabba should be shown to. It is Allah that is needed for our life in dunya and our life in aakirah. And once this tarbiyyah is built, then the slave will turn to Allah in everything that he needs and thus a person will build his muhabba. Allah says:
Whatever Allah grants to people of mercy – none can withhold it; and whatever He withholds – none can release it thereafter. And He is the Exalted in Might, the Wise. [al Faatir 35:2]
When Allah grants us a blessing, He grants us something we need from Him being As Samad. And as stated in the ayah, no one from the creation can hold back something that Allah is going to give you.
2. Ta’dheem of Allah – to glorify Allah and to praise Him and to thank Him and to understand who Allah is, for He – As Samad, He has no deficiencies, He is perfect in all His Attributes and characteristics and everything that He does. We glorify Him and He deserves this glory due to His perfection in every single characteristic He has, He deserves true glory and true praise.
3. We attain tawwakul in Allah, who is As Samad. When we are in need of Him for anything we need of the blessings from Him, then let us trust the One who holds the blessings of the dunya in His hands, the One who grants everything.
4. Realise your dependence on Him. One of the meanings of As-Samad is the One who is independent and self-sufficient. A person is not samad. Why do we often act like as if we are independent? Especially during good times when we are healthy and wealthy we tend to forget we are even dependant on As-Samad for the strap of our shoe. So remind yourself daily that you are dependent on Him.
5. Turn to As-Samad in good and bad times and rely on Him, resting assured He is the Eternal Refuge and the One who will satisfy your needs in the way He knows is best for you. If you truly believe in As-Samad, your strongest desire will be to meet Him and your only fear will be that of His displeasure. So strive to be a real servant of Allah. The disbeliever is a slave of his desires, or of fashion, his belly, and his money. So beg Him to decrease the love for this world in your heart, including love of being praised by people, and replace it with a firm desire for His pleasure alone.
As Samad and other Names
As Samad appears in the Qu’ran and in the du’a of the sahabi mentioned in the hadith, directly after the Name Al Ahad because there is only One Samad – only One being that is perfect, only One being that everyone else needs, there is only One being that is truly self sufficient and free from any need. Every part of creation needs something else for them to be able to live, regardless how rich that person or thing may seem. The truth is, none from the creation is self sufficient. No creation is perfect in their characteristics. Regardless how wise a person may be, he is not perfect in his wisdom. Regardless how knowledgable a person may be, he is not perfect in his knowledge. Regardless how powerful a person is, there will come a day where he would cease to exist. But Allah is Al Ahad, As Samad. He will always be self sufficient and never in need of or dependent on anything.
61) Ar Raaziq
This Name of Allah is mentioned in the Qu’ran 5 times. For example Allah says:
Said Jesus, the son of Mary, “O Allah, our Lord, send down to us a table [spread with food] from the heaven to be for us a festival for the first of us and the last of us and a sign from You. And provide for us, and You are the best of providers.” [al Maeda 5:114]
Allah also says:
Or do you, [O Muhammad], ask them for payment? But the reward of your Lord is best, and He is the best of providers. [al Muminoon 23:72]
62) Ar Razzaaq
This Name of Allah is mentioned in the Qur’an once. Allah says:
ndeed, it is Allah who is the [continual] Provider, the firm possessor of strength . [adh Dhariyaat 51:58]
Linguistic meaning: 
Both Names come from the word razaqa which means to provide, supply with provisions and necessities of life. The complete way of providing and sustaining.
Shar’ee meaning:
Ar-Raaziq is the One who provides provisions, the bestower of sustenance. Al Khattabi says: Ar-Raaziq is the one that stands ready to provide provisions from His quwwa for the entire creation. So He sends to the entire creation His provisions and His rahma as his provisions is a form of rahma. He creates all means of nourishment and provision. Ar-Razzaaq is fi’al mubaalagha (exaggerated form) of Raaziq – the One who gives provisions. Allah is always, in every single moment throughout all of time, providing for His creation. He is providing provisions for those who are alive and those who are dead. He provides for the dead the reward or the punishment they deserve. Allah is always Razzaaq and He is always Raaziq even before He created the creation, as is the case in all of His Names. He was always these Names even before He applied them. Imam S’adi says: the rizq of Allah is of 2 types.
1. The provisions of the body – materialistic, tangible provisions. Providing nourishment, care and shelter for the body. General for both Muslim and kafir.
2. The rizq of the heart – with ilm and eemaan. By allowing the heart to know what is halal and what is haraam and to be comfortable and content with Islam, by guiding the heart. This is the specific rizq for the Muslims.
Benefits we can learn from these Names
1. Attain tawakkul in Allah because we know that provisions lie in His hands. Just like the bird who leaves in the morning hungry only to return to his nest with a full stomach in the evening.
Rasoolullah sallalahu alayhi wassalam said in a hadith: If only you relied on Allah a true reliance, He would provide sustenance for you just as He does the birds: They fly out in the morning empty and return in the afternoon with full stomachs.” [Ahmad, An-Nasaa‘I, Ibn Majah, Al-Hakim and At-Tirmidhi – Hasan Sahih] Trust in Ar Razzaaq. Never commit bad deeds in the Name of seeking provision, and trust that all provisions will come from Allah ‗azza wa jal. A beautiful example is the baby raven; when it hatches, it looks white and therefore its mother (black in colour) denies it and doesn‘t recognise it. Then Ar Razzaaq sends it insects to feed on until its feathers grow and turn black for its mother to recognise it. As a baby this bird is left forsaken, but Allah sends it its provision. Just as He provided for you when you were in the womb, He will provide for you after you are born.
2. Be content. Be satisfied with all the rizq you are given. Umar ibn al-Khattaab radiyallahu ‗anhu said:
No amount of guilt can change the past. No amount of worrying can change the future. Go easy on yourself, for the outcome of all affairs is determined by Allah’s decree. If something is meant to go elsewhere, it will never come on your way, but if it is yours by destiny, from you it cannot flee.
Complaining about your body or your wealth means you complain against Ar Razzaaq; strive for ridaa (contentment with His Decree. Provision has to do with honesty and uprightness. What you see of wealth given to some and poverty to others is only superficial; Allah azza wa ljal will bestow the best types of rizq on the best types of people. You need to work as if your rizq depends on how hard you try, but in your heart you know that nothing will come to you except what He has written for you. Knowing that rizq is guaranteed is not an excuse to be lazy. Ar Razzaaq recompenses you according to your intentions. Never be envious of the provisions that Allah has bestowed on others. Because Allah provides to whom He wills, whatever He wants.
3. Never be arrogant over the provisions a person has because it doesn’t belong to him it belongs to Allah. And know that Allah can take it away from you whenever He wants, and it could be due to this arrogance.
4. Understand the ways of Ar Razzaaq Some people do good deeds and practise their religion, yet they don‘t feel much spiritual comfort. This motivates them to hasten to do more righteous work, which helps them to go to the higher and better spiritual state that Allah Ar Razzaaq wants them to reach. So you might feel deprived of spiritual rizq (like tranquillity in the heart), but this is a way Allah azza wa jall causes you to be motivated to do more and therefore be elevated even more.
5. Ponder what Ar Razzaaq has given you. He placed us on fertile lands with countless blessings; even without care the green crops grow, flowers blossom, fruits and vegetables come out of the soil, and the blue oceans are bursting with fish. Ar Razzaaq places the meat of most animals and birds at our service and gives them pure milk and honey. Contemplate your environment and grow your love for Ar Razzaaq and your will to please Him.
6. Remember the counterparts in the Hereafter. All the blessings from this world have perfect counterparts in the Hereafter. Remember the food and drinks in Jannah and ask Ar Razzaaq for them each day. The people of the hellfire will have the most horrific foods and drink; ask Ar Razzaaq to protect you from these.
7. Use your rizq in the right way. Be trustworthy with Allah‘s provisions; don‘t seek haram means; this also prevents your supplications from being answered. One of the things that prevent your rizq from reaching you is your sin. So if you see people disobeying Allah who have material rizq, Ar Razzaaq may have denied them their spiritual rizq, which is much worse.
8. Learn how to increase your rizq. In the Qur’an and Sunnah ways are mentioned for you to increase your rizq; look out for them. Examples are striving for taqwa, praying with khushoo‘, having tawakkul (reliance on Allah), upholding the ties of kinship, being thankful, asking for forgiveness and repenting, giving charity, and reading the Qur’an. When Fatima radiyallahu anha complained to the Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam about her heavy work, he said:
Shall I direct you to something better than what you have requested? When you go to bed say Subhan Allah‘ thirty-three times, Alhamdulillah‘ thirty three times, and Allahu Akbar‘ thirty four times, for that is better for you than a servant . [Al-Bukhari] Benefit from this advice.
Ar Razzaaq and other Names
Allah mentions Ar Razzaaq with Al Quwwa al Mateen – One who has the power to do everything, severely powerful. Why are these Names coupled? Because He has the power to provide us with anything we want. Allah is always carrying out the actions of His siffat at the same time, throughout all time, to the entire creation. Ponder over the greatness of Allah. Shows the Ta’dheem of Allah. He is so powerful that He is providing for the entire creation, dead and alive, and at the same time He is changing the haal (state) of people. Always ask for the best when making du’a, never think Allah won’t be able to give you anything. When asking for Jannah, ask for Jannatul firdaws. Committing sins can prevent provisions by losing a blessing that Allah has bestowed. Imam Shafi’ee said: I once was in the market place and I looked at the ankle of a women, by Allah from this day onwards I was unable to memorise the way I used to (Imam Shafi’ee had a photographic memory) I went to Wakeel (his teacher) and complained about this incident, he advised me to leave sinning because he said ilm is from the light of Allah and this light is not bestowed upon sinner. So sinning can have direct effects on the blessings that Allah has given. Blessings can be connected to the deen or not connected to the deen. One of the salaf used to say: My camel would always listen to me, when I told it to take me to a place it did so, until the day I committed a major sin, and then it never listened to me every again.‖ When something happens that comes out of nowhere then its often a sign that it has happened due to a sin – for example a blessing being taken away, e.g. car breaking down, having an argument with family member for no reason. (but it can also be other reasons such as ‘ayn, sihir etc).
63) Al Mubeen
This Name of Allah appears in Qu’ran once. Allah says:
On that day Allah will pay them their just due, and they will know that Allah, He is the Manifest Truth [an Nur 24:25] Al Mubeen is similar in meaning to Al Haqq.
Linguistic meaning:
to clarify, to make clear, to explain. To make clear to such an extent that there can be no doubt about it.
Shar’ee meaning:
Allah throughout all His Names and Attributes and all of the things He has asked us to ponder and contemplate about shows that He is the One that exists. He has clarified in the Qu’ran that he exists and He has made it clear by creating the creation. He is the One that is clear, the One that is there. Ibn Jariri at Tabari says: Allah is Mubeen, Allah exists and there is no doubt about His existence. When Allah says He is Haqqul Mubeen, Allah is saying that if you can’t see how clear Allah is today, one day you will see. Allah is clear and He has made things clear in the dunya and the aakirah. His shari’ah is clear, His commands are clear, His prohibitions are clear. And the one that engages in the prohibitions, Allah has made the adhaab for that person clear, and the one who follows the commandments, Allah has made the jazaa’ (reward) for that person clear. Imam Sa’di says that the clearness of Allah from the Name Al Mubeen is separated into 2 categories:
1) Dhuhoor adillah – clearness of Allah’s evidences, to prove His existence and to prove is Ruboobiyyah and uluhiyyah and His asma wa siffat. Allah has made these clear throughout the Qur’an and the sunnah.
2) Allah will make Himself clear to the slaves of Allah in Jannah. He will make His face able to be seen on the Day of Increase in Jannah.
With His Name Mubeen, Allah describes the Qur’an and He describes His Prophet Muhammad sallalahu alayhi wassalam. Allah says:
Alif, Lam, Ra. These are the verses of the clear Book. [Yusuf 12: 1]
Allah calls Al Qur’an Mubeen because it provides clear evidences to what is right and what is wrong, what is true and what is false. Allah says:
How will there be for them a reminder [at that time]? And there had come to them a clear Messenger. [ad Dukhaan 44:13]
Muhammad sallalahu alayhi wassalaam has also been described as Mubeen, because he has explained to us clearly the ayat in Qu’ran that needed explanation. He has explained to us about everything for example Allah told us in the Qur’an to make wudu and Muhammad sallalahu alayhi wassalam showed us how to make wudu and the same goes for salah and other acts of ibaadah. Allah calls Qu’ran Al Mubeen because it is a sifaat of Allah. But He describes Muhammad sallalahu alayhi wassalam as just Mubeen (without the definite particle Al/The). Al Mubeen is only for Allah.
Benefits we can learn from this Name
1. Allah has made it clear to us how to worship Him. We don’t have any excuse on yawmal qiyyamah because Allah has made everything mubeen. There is no doubt at all about the existence of Allah because Allah is Al Mubeen. All of His sifaat are clear. Excuse of ignorance can be given in some matters but not all and Islam doesn’t allow ignorance when it comes to the right of Allah and His ubudiyyah.
2. Follow the signs. Follow the way Allah Al-Mubeen made clear for you from the two sources: the Qur’an and sunnah. Al-Mubeen says:
O people of the scripture,There has come to you Our Messenger making clear to you much of what you used to conceal of the scripture and overlooking much. There has come to you from Allah a light and a clear (mubeen) Book [al Maeda 5:15]. Study the explanation of the Quran, such as the Tafseer of Ibn Katheer to gain more understanding of the meanings. Don‘t be satisfied by merely reciting the Quran without understanding it, how else can it be a source of guidance? So treat the ayaat of the Qur’an as the signs on your way through this life as they are meant to be and focus on your final destination: Paradise. Study the ways of the Prophet salallahu ‗alayhi wa sallam as Allah ‗azza wa jall describes him as mubeen:
It has not been revealed to me except that I am a clear (mubeen) warner [Saad 38:70]. Revive his sunnah in your daily life.
3. Know your enemy. One of the ways Allah Al-Mubeen clarifies the straight path is by warning us against hindrances and enemies on our way for whom we should be prepared. Allah azza wa jall says:
O mankind, eat from whatever is on earth [that is] lawful and good and do not follow the footsteps of Satan. Indeed, he is to you a clear enemy [al Baqarah 2:168] Treat shaytan as your enemy and use a‘oodhu billaahi minash-shaytanir rajeem‘ as a daily life weapon in times of anger, doubt and fear.
4. Never belittle sins. It is Al-Mubeen who clarifies for you what is right and what is wrong; never see a sin as small or big, rather consider the One you are sinning against. Allah azza wa jall says:
But whoever earns an offence or a sin and then blames it on an innocent has taken upon himself a slander and manifest (mubeen) sin [an Nisaa 4:112] . Ask Al-Mubeen sincerely to make you recognise your sins, so you are able to repent and set them straight. How many people are blinded by their own sins?
5. Call yourself to account before you are called to account. Al-Mubeen will ultimately clarify everything for us on the Day of Judgement, where lies will be made evident and the truth cannot be escaped from by the disbelievers. Allah azza wa jall says:
So worship what you will besides Him. Say, Indeed, the losers are the ones who will lose themselves and their families on the Day of Resurrection. Unquestionably, that is the manifest (mubeen) loss [az Zumar 39:15].
Pray to Al-Mubeen that you will not become a case against yourself on this dreadful day because of your bad deeds overshadowing your good deeds, because of the sins you belittled or because of the friends you chose:
O you who have believed, do not take the disbelievers as allies instead of the believers. Do you wish to give Allah against yourselves a clear (mubeen) case? [an Nisaa 4:144]
64) Al Haadiy
This Name of Allah appears in the Qur’an twice. Allah says:
And thus have We made for every prophet an enemy from among the criminals. But sufficient is your Lord as a guide and a helper. [al Furqaan 25:31]
Allah also says:
And so those who were given knowledge may know that it is the truth from your Lord and [therefore] believe in it, and their hearts humbly submit to it. And indeed is Allah the Guide of those who have believed to a straight path. [al Hajj 22:54]
Linguistic meaning:
comes from the word Hada, yahdi, ihdi, al huda which means direction and guidance. It also means to take something out of something and to put them into something else. It also means obedience, and also means gardens. Az Zujaji says it means evidence and to guide someone to a path, road, a way, to take them out from one way into another way.
Shar’ee meaning:
Ibn Jarir at Tabari says that Allah by the Name Al-Haadiy is the One that grants guidance and direction to those who believe with turth, Allah will guide and direct them to the path which is true. Allah is enough for us, through these two Names; the Lord that grants provisions through Roobubiyyah and the Lord that grants provisions through hidayah through the Name Al-Haadiy. He grants guidance, directions, He takes us away from the path of evil to the path of good. He guides us from darkness into light. Az Zujaaji says that Al Haadiy is the One that guides the believers, He guides them to Him, upon a path that is clear, from His Name Al-Mubeen, a path that has the actions of the people of Jannah. Al-Haadiy is the One who removes a person from the path of kufr and takes them to the siraatal mustaqeem and keeps them firm on this path, and once they are on that path, He gives to them An-Nahaar – the gardens of Jannah (which is anther meaning of Haadiy). Ibn Qayyim says the guidance of Allah through His Name Al Haadiy is split into 4 categories.
1. Al Hidayahtul ‘aama mustariqa baynal khalq – the guidance that is general that is shared between the entire creation. Allah says:
He [Musa] said, “Our Lord is He who gave each thing its form and then guided [it]. [Ta Ha 20:50] This type of guidance mentioned in the ayah is the guidance that is general, which is shared between the entire creation. This guidance is the guidance of Allah when He creates something, He guides that thing to be able to do that which it has been created for. Allah created the hand and He created the foot and He created the eyes and He created the tongue and He created the ears and He created the different parts of the body. After He created them, He guided them to be able to do that which they were created for. So Allah, after creating the feet, He guided the feet to be able to stand and to be able to walk. After He created the hands, He guided the hands to be able to grasp and to be able to point and touch. After He created the eyes, He guided the eyes so they can see. After He created the tongue, He guided this piece of flesh to speak, to taste. Allah guided the ears to be able to hear. Every part of the body, every organ, that which is inside and out, they all have been given the guidance to do exactly that which it was made to carry out.
2. Al Hidayatal jinn wal ins – The guidance to make things clear. What is good and what is evil and what path is of Jannah and what path is of Jahannam.
3. The guidance of tawfeeq, to be able to take the path of what is clear and good. Allah says:
Then is one to whom the evil of his deed has been made attractive so he considers it good [like one rightly guided]? For indeed, Allah sends astray whom He wills and guides whom He wills. [al Faatir 35:8] Rasoolullah sallalahu alayhi wassalam said: whoever Allah guides non can misguide Him and whoever Allah leaves to go astray, none can guide Him.‖ Allah also says:
Indeed, [O Muhammad], you do not guide whom you like, but Allah guides whom He wills. And He is most knowing of the [rightly] guided. [al Qassas 28:56]
4. The guidance of the aakirah. On yawmal qiyyamah Allah will guide us through His Name Al Haadiy the path to take to get to Jannah and He will decree for angels to either take us to the path of Jannah or to take us to the path of Jahannam. Allah will guide us to our abode. Allah says:
Indeed, those who have believed and done righteous deeds – their Lord will guide them because of their faith. Beneath them rivers will flow in the Gardens of Pleasure. [Yunus 10:9]
Allah says regarding what the people of Jannah will say:
And We will have removed whatever is within their breasts of resentment, [while] flowing beneath them are rivers. And they will say, Praise to Allah, who has guided us to this; and we would never have been guided if
Allah had not guided us. Certainly the messengers of our Lord had come with the truth.” And they will be called, “This is Paradise, which you have been made to inherit for what you used to do.” [al Aa’raaf 7:43]
Allah says regarding the people of Jahannam:
[The angels will be ordered], “Gather those who committed wrong, their kinds, and what they used to worship
Other than Allah , and guide them to the path of Hellfire. [as Saaffat 37: 22-23]
Benefits we can learn from this Name
1. To Have muhabba and shukr to Allah for guiding us to the first 3 categories of hidayah. For making our organs guided to do what they were meant to, for guiding us to the path of truth and for giving us the tawfeeq on this path. Also it gives us a feeling of shame, that after Allah has given us hidayah of the organs, we still use them to sin. And we should make du’a that Allah makes us of the fourth category of hidayah as well.
2. Keep asking for guidance. If you seek the truth sincerely, Al-Haadiy will guide you to it. As a believer, you say, a minimum of seventeen times a day when you pray: ihdinas siraatal mustaqeem– guide us on the straight path. Why, while you are already guided to Islam, should you keep asking for guidance? Because there are different levels of guidance for you to attain to be truly guided and because you are in need of continuous hidaayah; realise no one is safe from misguidance. Feel it when you say ihdinas siraatal mustaqeem. These are levels of true guidance: guidance of knowledge to know the truth, the capacity to be guided, to desire to be guided, to act upon it, and to remain steadfast in it. For all obstructions that impede guidance to be removed and to be granted sight of your ultimate goal along the path. For you to be aware of your own desperate need for guidance from Allah azza wa jall over any other necessities and to make you see the misguided paths [summarized from Ibn al Qayyim] So next time you say ‗Guide us to the straight path‘, say it with feelings, sincerely asking to attain all levels of guidance from Allah.
3. Seek guidance from Al-Haadiy in each matter. Whenever you feel lost, stuck or when you have to make a decision, turn to Allah ‗azza wa jall before turning to others. Asking for guidance, you can use this beautiful Name, e.g. by starting your invocation with Yaa Haadiy. Whatever guidance someone or something might give you, know that it truly comes from Al-Haadiy. A means to seek hidaayah is to pray the sunnah istakhaarah prayer.
4. Be thankful and do good to increase your guidance. In Paradise you will say: . . . and we would never have been guided if Allah had not guided us. [al Aa’raaf 7:43 see above] Reflect how hidaayah (guidance) is the best hadiyyah (gift) you can ever get, so thank Allah ‗azza wa jall for it each day. Allah says:
Indeed, We guided him to the way, be he grateful or be he ungrateful. [al Insaan 76:3]
Another benefit of thanking Him for guidance is that He will give you more: Allah says:
And [remember] when your Lord proclaimed, ― If you are grateful, I will surely increase you [in favour].‖ But if you deny, indeed, My punishment is severe.‖ [Ibraheem 14:7]
Also, your good deeds are directly linked to your guidance, so the more good deeds you do, the more Al-Haadi ywill increase your guidance:
And Allah increases those who were guided, in guidance, and the enduring good deeds are better to your Lord for reward and better for recourse. [Maryam 19:76]
5. Invite others to the right path. Invite others to the straight path, first and foremost by showing exemplary behaviour yourself. However, know that true guidance is from Al-Haadiy. This should increase you in your confidence in calling others to Islam, as you know that the results are not dependant on your da‘wah or speech but are in the hands of Al-Haadiy; so don‘t get disheartened or arrogant:
Indeed, [O Muhammad], you do not guide whom you like, but Allah guides whom He wills and He is most knowing of the [rightly] guided [al Qasas 28:56]
Al Haadiy and other Names
Allah mentions the Name Al Haadiy with An Naseer. Allah mentions these two Names with each other because the greatest help a person can be given in this life is hidaayah, all the 4 types, as they go hand in hand. To be given the hidaayah to live and die as Muslims and to enter Jannah is the greatest guidance and the greatest help.
65) Al Hakam 66) Al Haakim
Al Hakam appears in the Qur‘an once. Allah says:
Say], “Then is it other than Allah I should seek as judge while it is He who has revealed to you the Book explained in detail?” [al An’aam 6:114]
Al Hakeem appears in Qu’ran five times. For example Allah says:
And if there should be a group among you who has believed in that with which I have been sent and a group that has not believed, then be patient until Allah judges between us. And He is the best of judges.” [al Aa’raaf 7:87]
Allah also says:
Is not Allah the most just of judges? [at Teen 95:8]
Linguistic meaning:
Root word means something that prohibits, restrict/prevents from wrongdoing. Haakim the ruler or judge is called something that prohibits because every judge will try to prohibit oppression. Allah being the judge and the One who judges, He prohibits injustice. He is Khayrun Haakimeen – the best of judges, He will prohibit all types of injustice that took place in dunya. Being wise and knowing the true nature of things.
Shar’ee meaning:
Hakam is the arbitrator between two people. Every injustice that took place between 2 people, Allah will be the arbitrator with Haqq. He will judge with justice, and truthfulness. He legislates rules to turn mankind from wrongdoing and His rules are for our own benefit. Hakam is a verbal noun and emphasises the act of delivering justice whereas hakeem refers to the essential nature of the possessor of wisdom. Al-Hakam refers to the totality of Allah‘s power to judge and arbitrate with perfect justice and immense mercy, which cannot be compared with the judging and arbitrating of any other created being. Al-Haakim is the judge, ruler and master. He will be the judge, the ruler the master Al Qurtabi says: meaning of Haakim is that Allah will be the overall judge of everyone. Al Khattabi says: He has chosen this Name because He has prohibited all forms of injustice. Indeed He has Hukm and everyone of us will return back to Him and Allah will judge between His slaves in what they differed in. Al Qurtabi says: Hakam and Haakim have a subtle difference. The word Hakam is not given to every Haakim. Every Haakim is not necessarily Hakam. But every Hakam is Haakim. Because for one to be Hakam, one must judge with Haqq and one must rule with Haqq. This is why the rulers of this world, even though they may rule with justice they are not Hakam, because the One who is Hakam, doesn’t just rule and judge with haqq but He is glorified and praised because He is completely Hakam, so this word/Name is saved only for Allah. Only Allah knows the ins and out of why a person did something and what reward or punishment he deserves.
Ibn al Qayim says the Hukm of Allah is categorised into 3:
1) Al Hukm kawni al qaddari – things to do with what Allah has decreed in this dunya which is not necessarily related to the deen.
· a) that which a person has some sort of control over for example what they eat, wear etc
· b) Hukm of Allah where a person has no control over for example the weather, gender of child, death.
2) Hukm ad-deeni ash-shar’ee – this is something where a Muslim has no right to chose what he takes and what he doesn’t take. When he finds out something is from Allah and His Messenger sallalahu alayhi wassalam, he must submit to it entirely. Allah says:
It is not for a believing man or a believing woman, when Allah and His Messenger have decided a matter, that they should [thereafter] have any choice about their affair. And whoever disobeys Allah and His Messenger has certainly strayed into clear error.
[al Ahzaab 33:36]
But no, by your Lord, they will not [truly] believe until they make you, [O Muhammad], judge concerning that over which they dispute among themselves and then find within themselves no discomfort from what you have judged and submit in [full, willing] submission. [an Nisaa 4:65] It is not for the believer to turn away from anything in shar’ah, but they must accept everything.
Point of benefit; what does it mean to submit in its entirety? It means not to hate it. As anyone who hates anything from Shari’ah has left the folds of Islam by ijmaa’. A sign that you do not hate something is that when it happens you will understand. For example if your husband was to take another wife, natural jealousy is bound to occur but if you hate it to the extent it interferes with your eemaan and the way you live, then know that its a sign that you actually hate the ruling, which is haraam and is a nullifier of the deen. Allah is Al Hakeem, most wise. Allah through His wisdom that He knows best, has allowed for something to happen for example the permissibility of a Muslim man marrying up to 4 women. Rasoolullah sallalahu alayhi wassalam said:The best amongst you is the one with the most wives. This is a means of looking after more people, and bringing more children into the dunya.
3) Al Hukm al jazaa-i – Hukm of yawmal qiyyamah, Allah will decree who will get rewarded and who will get punished.
[All] sovereignty that Day is for Allah; He will judge between them. So they who believed and did righteous deeds will be in the Gardens of Pleasure.
And they who disbelieved and denied Our signs – for those there will be a humiliating punishment. [al Hajj 22: 56-57]
Benefits we can learn from these Names
1. A person will fear Allah in taking the rights of the people. Allah has prohibited all forms of injustice. On yawmal qiyyamah a person who was wronged someone will be given back their right from the person who had wronged them. Whoever has oppressed his brother, then let him sort it out in this world. Any form of injustice that happens in dunya, if someone has unlawfully oppressed you or mocked you, then know that Allah has your right that is ready for you in aakirah. So never despair or have sorrow that Allah has decreed for someone to take away your rights, because Allah has prepared your rights in the aakirah. So live a life of contentment with regards to all issues of the dunya. Trust in Al-Hakam at all times. Take comfort in the fact that even if people are unjust, you will get your justice from Al-Hakam. Don‘t despair, and fully rely on His judgment. Al-Hakam says:
Follow what has been revealed to you, and be steadfast until Allah‘s judgement comes. He is the Best of Judges. [Yunus 10:109]
2. Be motivated to do good deeds. Al-Hakam is wise. He is the ultimate Judge, and He decreed that you don‘t have to bear the sin of another. You‘ll never ever be wronged by Al-Hakam; you‘re never punished for more than the sin you commit, nor will any good deed go without a reward. This is the justice-system of Al-Hakam:
Whoever brings a good deed shall have ten times the like thereof to his credit, and whoever brings an evil deed shall have only the recompense of the like thereof, and they will not be wronged. [al An’aam 6:160]. Let this motivate you to take each chance to do a good deed; benefit from your health, wealth and free time by using them wisely.
3. Make the Qur’an and sunnah your guides. You should take the Qur’an and the sunnah for guidance in all matters, in all areas in your life. How many people refer to non-Islamic legislations only when it comes to divorce, inheritance, and the like? You should make the Qur’an and sunnah your guidance between right and wrong in everything you do, to guide you in your personal life, your community, your society, your interactions with others, your business, etcetera.
4. Remember Al-Hakam and stand up for the truth. Remind yourself that you will stand before Him one day to be judged by Him. Make this your motivation to mind your actions in this world. Always stand up for truth and justice, even if it‘s against yourself. Strive for a positive verdict from the One and only judge.
5. Always be fair and equal in judging others. Whenever you‘re in a position to judge between parties, for example a family affair, always be equal and just. Al-Hakam says:
Indeed Allah commands you to render trusts to whom they are due and when you judeg between people judge with justice. Excellent is that which Allah instructs you. Indeed, Allah is ever Hearing and Seeing. [an Nisaa 4:58]
6. Never object to the decree of Al-Hakam. Whenever Al-Hakam decrees something, He does so with perfect wisdom. Never object to the decree of Al-Hakam by complaining about your fate and questioning Him
7. Ask Al-Hakam for protection and guidance. Ask Allah Al-Hakam to protect you from injustice at the hands of others and ask Him to make you just toward others. Ask Al-Hakam to make you adhere to whatever He‘s legislated for you.

Preparing for the blessed month – Ramadan

How is it possible that Ramadan is about to arrive again. I’m sure it was just recently that I had been fasting and celebrated Eid. But it’s about to arrive again in a few months! SubhanAllah time flies! So as I begin to think about what I want to achieve this Ramadan I realised that I have a lot of preparation to do. So I thought about what I need to be doing now to ensure I get the best out of Ramadan. With so many changes that happen to our routine during Ramadan we can easily burn out if we don’t try and add these into our routine beforehand. It can be a shock to the system to try and do all this suddenly and most of us regret not doing or not being consistent in them the whole month. So I made a list of things that I thought will be really good to implement before Ramadan.

1. Attend a Ramadan preparation class or if there isn’t anything in my local area then watch it online. There are so many classes we can attend either in person or online. Alhamdulillah I’ve been able to attend it each year for the last few years and they are so helpful in getting you into the zone and giving helpful tips. They teach and remind you of how amazing this month really is and how we can get the best out of it. 
2. Make time to read Quran daily. It can be 5 minutes or 10 ayahs but what ever it is try and be consistent in reading Quran daily. Everyone has their own level in reading Quran some can read for an hour but others can’t and it’s okay to read to how long you can manage. The important thing is to be consistent. It’s better to read 5 minutes a day than for an hour once a month. Slowly as you read you can increase the length of time or number of ayahs you read a day.
3. As Ramadan is going to be during summer and we will be fasting for long hours it’s good to start fasting before Ramadan actually begins. You can get used to fasting and you will be rewarded for keeping these voluntary fasts too. Begin by fasting Monday’s and Thursday’s as that’s the sunnah and you can revive a sunnah too!
4. Not only is it important for me us to read the Quran in Arabic but we should also know what it is teaching us. So we need to read the translation and learn the Tafsir. If we’re just reading in Arabic we won’t be able to get the full benefit from the words of Allah. A good way to read it is to read the Arabic and then read the translation or Tafsir of the ayahs you read in Arabic.
5. Another good practice is to read nafl prayers so that when it is Ramadan we can reap the most rewards. We will find it easier if we start reading the extra prayers now rather than trying to do everything all at once in Ramadan. 
6. Increase in your dhikr, dua and istaghfar. We sometimes overlook these especially if we are really busy. We pray but don’t do our dhikr after, we barely make istaghfar and dua is reserved for when we want something from Allah. We should start to make it a point to increase in these and give it importance. Remember to say our duas when we wake up, sleep, eat, study etc. recite subhanAllah, alhamdulillah, allahu akbar after our salah and say astaghfirullah as often as we can. 
7. Carrying on from my last point, make a dua list, what I mean by this is write down every single dua you want to make to Allah. Whether it’s specified duas we learn from the Quran or personal duas for your own circumstances. Nothing is too big or small. Remember it’s only Allah that can give it to you. You can ask for good health, a new job, good grades, hajj, to be able to pray 5 times a day consistently etc. I think it’s so useful because especially during the last 10 nights we all know how special it is and we want to stand at night and ask Allah for what we want but how many of us remember everything at that time? Later you realise you didn’t make dua for x, y and z. So by writing it down you have a list and you can keep it in front of you so you remember. Start the list now and as you remember things you can add to the list. When I look back at my last years dua list it’s amazing how many things on that list get answered. It also reminds you in the rest of the year to make dua for these things too.
8. Over the next few months we could get together with our family and friends and talk about Ramadan. It’s so much more than just not eating and drinking but many of us don’t know all its virtues and significance. So we can share knowledge and encourage and motivate each other to increase in our good deeds. Teach the children in our family about Ramadan, so that they will love it rather than see it as something they are forced to do. I love reading my little cousins islamic stories and making Ramadan decorations and making a Ramadan calendar where we countdown the days to Ramadan. It helps them get excited about it. They even love keeping “half fasts” where they fast from fair until dhuhr and then make them a special Iftar. Seriously the kids love it alhamdulillah.
9. Okay so we all want a new outfit for Eid but how many of us rush around in the last few days of Ramadan to find it. It takes up precious time and you’re stressed out. My advice, buy it before Ramadan begins! I have 4 sisters so it’s a nightmare for us (well my dad) but since we began buying our clothes early it’s so much easier. No rush and we don’t need to waste time on it during Ramadan. 
10. Lastly I want to say sisters don’t spend all day cooking! I’m not a big fan of cooking on a normal day but it’s worse when I’m fasting! But I know we need to eat healthy food so what I do is when I cook I make larger portions so that I can freeze some or we can eat the same meal for a couple days. That way we have food in the freezer to take out or I can cook every other day instead of cooking daily. That frees up my time to do other things. In Ramadan it means I can be free to engage in acts of ibadah. Also cook simple healthy meals that are light. We often cook huge feasts that take up so much time and we eat far more than we should which means it becomes hard for us to stand up in prayer at night. So prepare healthy food in advance and freeze it so that you don’t have to cook everyday. 
So these are things that I thought about in order to make the most of Ramadan inshaAllah. I hope you all have found it useful and if you have any tips and ideas please do share inshaAllah.