An Explanation of Allah Beautiful Names and Attributes part 25

85) Al Qareeb
This Name of Allah appears in the Qur’an once. Allah says:
Say, If I should err, I would only err against myself. But if I am guided, it is by what my Lord reveals to me. Indeed, He is Hearing and near [Saba 34:50].
 
Lingustic meaning:
Qareeb comes from the root qaraba which points to three main meanings. The first meaning is to be close, bring near or to approach. The second main meaning is to be a relative and the third is to offer or sacrifice.This root appears 96 times in the Qur’an in 11 derived forms. Examples of these forms are taqraboo (go near), al-qurbaa (the relatives), qareebun (near, impending) and al-muqarabeena (those brought near). Linguistically, qareeb is related to time or place and the opposite is ba‘eed (far). Qareeb can refer both to physical and non-physical closeness, for example in the expression: that person is close to my heart, in which it refers to a close emotional connection.
 
Shar’ee meaning:
Allah Al-Qareeb is The Near through His perfect hearing, seeing, and understanding of the every action, feeling or thought of the whole of mankind. He is the One who is closest to mankind, by His hearing, seeing, knowing, and witnessing, and the successful ones are those closest to Al-Qareeb in the Hereafter.
Types of closeness
Allah is Al-Qareeb and His type of closeness (qurb) is a general nearness or closeness, as He is the All-Hearer, All-Seer and All-Knower of both believers and non-believers, sinners and good-doers. He knows what is felt, done and thought. Allah says:
Have you not considered that Allah knows what is in the heavens and what is on the earth? There is in no private conversation three but that He is the fourth of them, nor are there five but that He is the sixth of them – and no less than that and no more except that He is with them [in knowledge] wherever they are. Then He will inform them of what they did, on the Day of Resurrection. Indeed Allah is, of all things, Knowing. [al Mujaadilah 58:7]
Then there is a special closeness, reserved for those believers who work to attain it. Allah azza wa jall says:
And the forerunners, the forerunners – those are the ones brought near [to Allah] in the Gardens of Pleasure [al Waqi’ah 56, 10-12]
The muqarraboon are those brought near to Al-Qareeb. They are those who believe and perform good deeds and therefore attain a close status to Allah ‗azza wa jall which translates into help, protection and blessings in this life and closeness of place to Him in Paradise.
 
Benefits we can learn from this Name
 
1. Empty your heart to Al-Qareeb. Some complain they don‘t feel close to Allah, there is no concentration in prayer etc. Realise He is Al-Qareeb; when you‘ve had a bad day, He knows what happened. When you had a good day, He knows what made you happy. So concentrate in your prayer and empty your heart to Al-Qareeb; present to Him your worries, ask for His help, show Him your gratefulness and He will give you more. Transform every worry into a supplication. Allah says in the Qur‘an:
And to Thamud [We sent] their brother Salih. He said, “O my people, worship Allah ; you have no deity other than Him. He has produced you from the earth and settled you in it, so ask forgiveness of Him and then repent to Him. Indeed, my Lord is near and responsive.” [Hud 11:61]
2. Follow the call. Al-Qareeb says:
When my servants ask you [O Muhammad] concerning Me, Indeed I am qareeb (close to them); I respond to the invocation of the suppliant when he calls upon Me; so let them respond to me [by obedience] and believe in Me; that they may be rightly guarded [al Baqarah 2:186]
So not only let this Name inspire you to ask Him, but also to follow His commands, prohibitions and instructions laid out in the Quran and Sunnah.
3. Be ashamed of your bad deeds. Al-Qareeb uses His attribute of closeness together with His attribute of hearing. Let this inspire you to mind everything you say, whether it is in public or private, at work or to relatives. Know Allah azza wa jall is closer to you than your jugular vein, let this make you feel comforted and secure, but also be ashamed of your bad deeds, speech and actions, knowing that He is so close to you.
4. Know the Day of Judgement is near. Allah says:
[The time of] their account has approached for the people, while they are in heedlessness turning away [al Anbiya 21:1] On many occasions in the Qur’an Al-Qareeb reminds us that the Day of Judgement is near. Act upon this knowledge by regularly bringing yourself to account, repenting and seeking Allah‘s forgiveness often.
5. Strive to be of al-muqarraboon. The muqarraboon have the highest place in paradise and their top consists of the prophets, the siddiqeen, the shuhadah and the saaliheen. Strive and ask Allah ‗azza wa jall to make you one of them. Ibn Katheer said about the ones close to Allah:
They are those who do the obligatory acts and the recommended ones and they abstain from the prohibited acts, the disliked acts, and [even abstain] from some of the permissible ones [due to them bringing no benefit in the afterlife] [Tafseer ibn Katheer] Some of the salaf said:
They are the first of people to go to the mosque and the first to go out for jihaad for the sake of Allah.
 
86) Al Ghaniyy
This Name of Allah is mentioned in the Qur’an 18 times. For example Allah says:
 
Kind speech and forgiveness are better than charity followed by injury. And Allah is Free of need and Forbearing. [al Baqarah2:263]
Allah also says:
 
O you who have believed, spend from the good things which you have earned and from that which We have produced for you from the earth. And do not aim toward the defective therefrom, spending [from that] while you would not take it [yourself] except with closed eyes. And know that Allah is Free of need and Praiseworthy. [al Baqarah 2:268]
Allah also says:
 
There has certainly been for you in them an excellent pattern for anyone whose hope is in Allah and the Last Day. And whoever turns away – then indeed, Allah is the Free of need, the Praiseworthy. [al Mumtahanah 60:6]
 
Linguistic meaning:
Ghaniyy comes from the root ghayn-noon-yaa which points to four main meanings. The first main meaning is to be self-sufficient and independent and the second is to be free from needs or wants. The third main meaning is to be satisfied and content and the fourth is to be wealthy and rich. Linguistically, ghina is used to refer to the concept of independence because of being self-sufficient. The opposite is faqr, which refers to poverty, being in need. Faqeer is used to describe a poor person.
 
Shar’ee meaning:
In reality no one is in absence of need of Allah azza wa jall and everyone is dependent on no one other than Him. Therefore Al-Ghaniyy is the only One who truly transcends all needs, is completely satisfied, and the One upon whose wealth, riches, and blessings all others depend on. He is the one without need of anything. Al-Ghaniyy is self-sufficient, free of any dependence, and rich while all of His creatures stand in need of Him.
 
True Praise Belongs to Al-Ghaniyy
In the Quran, Allah azza wa jall combines His Name Al-Ghaniyy ten times with His Name Al-Hameed (The Praiseworthy). For example, the believers are instructed to spend of their wealth in charity, however Allah ‗azza wa jall is far Richer from needing their charity, but the purpose is that the distance between the rich and the poor becomes less. [Tafseer ibn Katheer]
Of whatever is given, it is the piety behind it that will reach Al-Ghaniyy, as He reveals:
Their meat will not reach Allah, nor will their blood, but what reaches Him is piety from you. Thus have We subjected them to you that you may glorify Allah for that [to] which He has guided you; and give good tidings to the doers of good. [al Hajj 22:37].
Whenever a believer gives in charity with a sincere intention, he should know that Allah is the Most Rich and He will reward him for his charity and multiply it many times. And complete praise and thanks is to Him, as no one can do Him a favour, for everything is His own creation and invention.
 
Benefits we can learn from this Name
1. Don‘t let wealth distract you. No matter how wealthy you are, good-looking or of good career, remind yourself Who is the real owner of everything.
O mankind! You are those in need of Allah, while Allah is the free of need, the Praiseworthy. [al Faatir 35:15]
So use your money, power and position to please Him only.
2. Thank Al-Ghaniyy. Whenever anything of wealth comes your way, for example a promotion through work, a financial gain, or anything of benefit to you, make sure the first thing you do is to thank Al-Ghaniyy and to ask Him to aid you to use it wisely and make it a source of barakah (blessings) for you.
Musa said: If you should disbelieve you and whoever is on the Earth entirely, Indeed, Allah is free of need and Praiseworthy. [Ibraheem 14:8]
3. Be content. The Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam said:
Richness is not having many possessions. Rather, true richness is the richness of the soul. [Al-Bukhari] Remind yourself that the highest degree of wealth is contentment with the decree of Allah ‗azza wa jall. Strive for ridaa, which means you are satisfied with whatever Al-Ghaniyy gives you or withholds from you as this is the ultimate key to the tranquillity of your soul.
4. Don‘t beg or ask from others when there is no need. The Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam said:
It is better for anyone of you to take a rope and bring a bundle of wood over his back and sell it, and Allah will save his face because of that, rather than to ask the people who may or may not give. [Al-Bukhari] As a Muslim you should strive to not burden other Muslims or be lazy and inactive.You should never ask from others just to increase your wealth. The Prophet salallahu ‗alayhi wa sallam warned: Whoever begs from the people in order to accumulate wealth, it is as if he is asking for a live coal, so let him ask for a little or a lot. [Muslim] The Prophet mentioned three cases in which it is allowed to ask the help of others: in case of repaying debts, when a calamity has stricken and all your wealth is destroyed or when one is stricken with poverty and three trust-worthy persons can testify for this. [Muslim]
5. Ask Al-Ghaniyy. Use the beautiful and comprehensive supplication of Musa ‗alayhi salaam while realising your need of Al-Ghaniyy:
So he watered [their flocks] for them; then he went back to the shade and said, “My Lord, indeed I am, for whatever good You would send down to me, in need.” [al Qassas 28:24]
6. Give of what you love. When you give charity there are two very important instructions: only give from halaal wealth or belongings and don‘t give what you would dislike for yourself. Ibn Abbas radiayallahu anhu mentioned as reported in tafseer Ibn Katheer: Allah commanded them to spend from the purest, finest and best types of their money and prohibited spending from evil and dishonest money, because Allah is pure and good and only accepts that which is pure and Verily, Allah is far Richer than you, He is in no need of this money, so do not give, for His sake, what you would dislike for yourselves.
Allah says:
O you who have believed, spend from the good things which you have earned and from that which We have produced for you from the earth. And do not aim toward the defective therefrom, spending [from that] while you would not take it [yourself] except with closed eyes. And know that Allah is Free of need and Praiseworthy. [al Baqarah 2:267]
Giving of what you love is something lost in our modern day, individualistic society. How many times do we give away old, even ripped clothes in charity? Al-Ghaniyy knows you best. Reflect on this crucial statement:
Never will you attain the good [reward] until you spend [in the way of Allah ] from that which you love. And whatever you spend – indeed, Allah is Knowing of it. [ale Imran 3:92] So give away something you love yourself and you will feel the effect on your heart.
87) Al Wahhaab
This Name of Allah appears in the Qu’ran 3 times in the Quran. Allah says:
[Who say], “Our Lord, let not our hearts deviate after You have guided us and grant us from Yourself mercy. Indeed, You are the Bestower. [ale imran 3:8]
Allah also says:
 
Or do they have the depositories of the mercy of your Lord, the Exalted in Might, the Bestower? [Saad 38:9]
And He says:
He [Sulaymaan] said, “My Lord, forgive me and grant me a kingdom such as will not belong to anyone after me. Indeed, You are the Bestower.” [Saad 38:35]
 
Linguistic meaning:
Wahhaab comes from the root waw-haa-baa, which points to three main meanings. The first meaning is to give for no compensation, to donate, to offer as a present, or to bestow and the second is to grant or endow. The third main meaning is to cause something to be. Linguistically, wahhaab has the structure of intensification and is the intense form of Al-Wahib, the giver. The word hiba means gift.
 
Shar’ee meaning:
Al-Wahhaab is the source of all gifts, bestowing favors with the most detailed wisdom. His gifts come in the form of moments you experience, scenes you see, things you hear, and as material blessings. He is the All-Giver who bestows gifts, favors, and blessings upon the whole creation. Al-Wahhaab gives gifts constantly, generously, endlessly, and without expecting anything in return.
 
How can you recognise a gift?
Rizq (provision) is something that‘s written for you, but you have to work for it; it depends in part on your efforts. A gift (hiba) isn‘t something directly related to your efforts. A person you missed suddenly calling you or getting something just at the right moment are gifts. Sometimes you give gifts to someone you love and sometimes you give gifts to draw someone closer to you. What does it mean when Al-Wahhaab gives you a gift? It might mean that He gives you a gift so that you can come closer to Him, even though you were going astray.
 
Benefits we can learn from this Name:
1. Remember Al-Wahhaab. When someone gives you a gift, you thank him or her, so what about the Giver of all gifts? The difference between a believer and disbeliever is that the latter lives with the gifts of Allah ‗azza wajal but doesn‘t remember Him, while a true believer knows the giver through the gifts. Always be thankful to your maker for everything you get. If you contemplate the universe you get to know Allah; if you realize His gifts, your heart will melt out of love for Him.
2. Be a true giver. Al-Ghazali said: Whoever bestows gifts with an eye to some interest to be realised by it sooner or later, either appreciation, affection or release from blame, or acquiring distinction of mention— he is neither a giver nor generous, but rather engaged in transaction and recompense. But the one who sacrifices all he owns, even his life, for the sake of Allah alone— such a one is worthy of being Named giver and generous. Make your way of giving an act of ibaadah (worship). How? Give gifts or favours for the sake of Allah azza wa jall and not to get something in return.
3. Use the gifts of Al-Wahhaab in the right way. Thank Al-Wahhaab by using His gifts to please Him. An example is the mobile phone which nearly everyone has nowadays; Al-Wahhaab gave you this technology, so use it for gaining and sharing knowledge and not for wasting time. If He gives you a nice afternoon with friends, don‘t use it for back-biting or spending time in places of immoral behaviour but use it to socialise in a halal manner and remember Allah.
4. Learn from the love of the companions. Ja‘far‘s right hand, may Allah be pleased with him, was chopped off in battle, so he held the Islamic flag with his left hand. Another blow chopped off his left hand, so he held the flag up with his upper arms and held it there until he died. What love could drive him to sacrifice his life? Read about and learn from this and other great role models and sacrifice for Al-Wahhaab out of deep love for Him.
5. Ask al-Wahhaab. Amazingly, using this ism (Name), there are more than one Quranic invocations; you will find the prophets, peace upon them, asking Al-Wahhaab for mercy, offspring, etc ending with innaka anta al-Wahhaab– verily You are Al-Wahhaab. Memorise them, and use them in your daily life. An example of a du‘a from the Qur‘an which mentions Al-Wahhaab is:
[Who say], “Our Lord, let not our hearts deviate after You have guided us and grant us from Yourself mercy. Indeed, You are the Bestower. [ale imran 3:8]
6. Don‘t praise yourself. Sometimes we say, I got married, worked hard, and got a beautiful house. Or we say, I gave my child a good upbringing, that‘s why he is so good-mannered— I made my son like that. Don‘t forget it was Al-Wahhaab who bestowed these favors on you. Your child is given to you as a gift from Al-Wahhaab.
And We granted him (Abraham) Isaac and Jacob, each of whom did We guide; and before him, We did guide Noah, and among his progeny, David, Solomon, Job, Joseph, Moses and Aaron. Thus do We reward the good-doers. [al An’aam 6:84]
7. Ponder what Al-Wahhaab has given you. First of all, He gave you your existence. Then think of the greatest gift Al-Wahhaab gave you: guidance. Think about water, which is scentless and colourless. Imagine if water were sticky— how could you wash yourself? Look at your memory and how Allah gave foods a nice smell. All of these are gifts of Al-Wahhaab; ponder over them and be grateful for them.
8. Give gifts to others. The Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam said:
Give gifts, for this will increase your mutual love [Muslim].
No human being gives anything for nothing, even if it‘s that we give to gain the reward of Allah azza wa jall by it. The only One Who gives asking for nothing in return is Al-Wahhaab. If a human being gives you a gift, who is the real donor? It is Al-Wahhaab who inspired him to give you what he has given you! So first thank Allah azza wa jall for inspiring people to help you, and then be grateful to the people by doing a favour for them, or, if you can‘t, then by saying jazakAllahu khayran or barakAllahu feek(i).
88) Al Muhyee
This Name of Allah is mentioned in the Qu’ran 2 times.
And of His signs is that you see the earth stilled, but when We send down upon it rain, it quivers and grows. Indeed, He who has given it life is the Giver of Life to the dead. Indeed, He is over all things competent. [al Fussilat 41:39]
So observe the effects of the mercy of Allah – how He gives life to the earth after its lifelessness. Indeed, that [same one] will give life to the dead, and He is over all things competent. [ar Room 30:50]
 
Linguistic meaning:
Muhyee comes from the root haa-yaa-yaa, which points to four main meanings. The first meaning is to live. The second main meaning is to become apparent or distinct. The third is to revive, vitalise and call into being and the fourth main meaning is to be sound, or whole. This root appears 184 times in the Quran in 12 derived forms. Examples of these forms are yuhyee (grants life), hayyan (alive) and al hayaatu (the life).
 
Shar’ee meaning:
Al-Muyhee is the only One who can give life to whomever He pleases, surrounding the creation with the right conditions to survive. Then He decrees death, to restore life and join the soul and body on the Day of Judgement to repay us for what we did in this world and this is an easy task for Him. Al-Muhyee is the One who created life and decides what will be brought to life. He is the only One who can bring something to life, including the spiritual life to the hearts.
 
The Plan of Life
The Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam narrated: Verily, each of you is brought together in his mother‘s abdomen for forty days in the form of a drop of fluid. Then it is a clinging object for a similar [period]. Thereafter, it is a lump looking like it has been chewed for a similar [period]. The angel is then sent to him and he breathes into him the spirit. He is also commanded to issue four decrees: to record his sustenance, his life span, his deeds and [whether he will be] unhappy [by entering Hell] or happy [by entering Paradise]. [Al-Bukhari, Muslim] Al-Muhyee bestows our life in stages and grows our body in a miraculous way, from a drop of fluid into a detailed body clothed with muscles, flesh, veins and skin. But not only psychically, Al-Muhyee also gives us life by sending an angel to breath the spirit into us and we remain limited in knowledge of our inner selves. On top of bestowing our lives, Al-Muhyee also commands to issue four decrees which determine the course of our life. Such is the plan of life of Al-Muyee.
 
Benefits we can learn from this Name
1. Be convinced Al-Muhyee can make anything happen.
He it is Who gives life and causes death; so, when He decrees an affair, He only says to it: Be, and it is [al Ghaafir 40:68] This is one of the most hope giving ayaat for those who call upon Him. As Al-Muhyee can bring everything to life and even restore life to that which appeared dead to us, so rest assured taking care of your matters is easy for Him, all you have to do is ask Him, wholeheartedly and sincerely. Turn every worry, moment of stress, wish and desire into a dua.
2. Ask for a heart alive with faith. Scholars have described hearts, just like bodies, to be of three types; the healthy heart, the dead heart and the sick heart. The alive heart is a heart of faith, its services are exclusively reserved for Allah, willingly and lovingly, with total reliance, relating all matters to Him, in fear, hope, and sincere dedication and it is extremely important to work for a healthy heart:
The Day when there will be no benefit [anyone] wealth or children But only one who comes to Allah with a sound heart. [ash Shu’ara 26:88-89]
3. Revive the sunnah. Mankind has many different concepts of success in life. But what is the right way?
Say, [O Muhammad], “O mankind, indeed I am the Messenger of Allah to you all, [from Him] to whom belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth. There is no deity except Him; He gives life and causes death.” So believe in Allah and His Messenger, the unlettered prophet, who believes in Allah and His words, and follow him that you may be guided. [al Aa’raaf 7:158]. So make an effort to apply the sunnah in your daily life and for extra reward, revive acts from the sunnah by telling others about them, from the forgotten sunan like the prostration of gratefulness (sajda us shukr) to the neglected acts, like giving salaam on the street.
4. Cherish life. Al-Muhyee gave you life and placed you on this earth as an ambassador. Respect your life by using your time wisely and respect other people‘s life by benefiting them with your knowledge, skills and emotional support and never harm another life unjustly, not even the life of an animal. If you truly cherish life you constantly strive against lughw – useless activities as mentioned in the Qur’an – this includes useless conversations, watching things of no benefit etc.
5. Learn from nature. Study the extremely valuable lessons Al-Muhyee teaches you through His works in nature.
And of His signs is that you see the earth stilled, but when We send down upon it rain, it quivers and grows. Indeed, He who has given it life is the Giver of Life to the dead. Indeed, He is over all things competent. [Fussilat 41:39] When you see the change of seasons, from greenery to bareness, reflect on the ups and downs of your life and that after dark (difficult) times, light (easy) times come.
6. Strive for knowledge. Islamic knowledge is a light, ask Al-Muyhee to walk in light in this life and the next.
And is one who was dead and We gave him life and made for him light by which to walk among the people like one who is in darkness, never to emerge therefrom? Thus it has been made pleasing to the disbelievers that which they were doing. [al An’aam 6:122]
7. Remind yourself and others of the After-Life. The Prophet salallahu ‗alayhi wasallam was asked: Which of our companions are best? He replied: One whose appearance reminds you of God, and whose speech increases you in knowledge, and whose actions remind you of the hereafter. [al-Muhasibi]
335
89) Ash Shaafee
This Name of Allah does not appear in the Qur’an but is mentioned in a narration of the Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam who said: Take away the pain, O Lord of mankind, and grant healing, for You are the Healer, and there is no healing but Your healing that leaves no trace of sickness). [Muslim]
The root appears six times in the Quran in two derived forms. Examples of these forms are wa yashfi (and will heal) and shifaa‘un (a healing).
 
Linguistic meaning:
Shaafee comes from the root sheen-faa-yaa which points to two main meanings. The first main meaning is to cure and heal and the second to satisfy. Linguistically, shifaa is used to indicate the cure or healing of a disease or ailment. Only Allah is Ash-Shaafee, the Ultimate Healer and the Source of all cures.
 
Shar’ee meaning:
Ash-Shaafee is the only one who can cure and heal any disease or ailment. His healing is perfect according to His wisdom and He is the source from which all cures come from. The Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam said: Allah has sent down the disease and the cure, and has made for every disease the cure. So treat sickness, but do not use anything haram. [Abu Dawood] Also a Bedouin said: O Messenger of Allaah, should we not treat sickness? He said: Treat sickness, for Allah has not created any disease except He has also created the cure, except for one disease. They said, O Messenger of Allah, what is it? He said: Old age. [At-Tirmidhi]
Different goods or practises, such as honey, black seed and cupping therapy, as well as the Quran itself are described to be or contain shifaa. As believers seeking medical treatment does not contradict our reliance on Allah ‗azza wa jall (tawakkul), just as warding off hunger, thirst, heat and cold does not contradict your trust in Allah. Along with strong reliance on Allah that He will bring you benefit in both worlds and will protect you, it is essential to take the appropriate means which Allah azza wa jall has set in order for us to achieve results. Not using these means and tools is contrary to the concept of tawakkul. [paraphrased from Zaad al-Ma‘aad, 4/15, Ibn ul Qayyim]
 
Benefits we can learn from this Name
1. Believe Allah is the only Healer. Realise that Allah is the One who heals whomsoever He wills and He decrees sickness and death for whomsoever He wills. He says:
And if Allah should touch you with adversity there is no remover of it except Him. and if He touches you with good, then He is over all things Competent [al An’aam 6:17] The Prophet Ibraheem ‗alayhi sallam used this beautiful fact as a powerful tool of da‘wah:
And when I am ill, it is He who cures me. [ash Shu’araa 26:80] It is part of your belief to know and live by the fact Allah is the only One who can heal every disease of your body, mind and heart, by whichever means He deems suitable. So trust in Him first and foremost, and then make use of the lawful treatments He made available for you through medical and other sciences. However, never attribute healing to medicines or other means and always to Ash-Shaafee only. Don‘t forget to say bismillah when you take any medicine.
2. Live by the Quran. Included in the guidance for mankind to define the path to eternal success, the Quran is a cure and healing for all types of diseases and problems. Ash-Shafee clearly told us that the words of the Quran are a shifaa (healing);however it is upon you to believe in them and live by them. Allah says:
And We send down of the Qur’an that which is a healing and a mercy to those who believe but it doesn’t increase the wrongdoers except in loss [al Israa 17:82]
3. Apply the cures of the Qur’an & sunnah . One example of treatment from the Qur’an and sunnah is ruqyah which refers to the recitation of Qur’an, seeking of refuge in Allah, remembrance and supplications that are used as a means of treating sicknesses and other problems. Ruqyah is of two types: ruqyah ash shar‘eeya (permissible) and ruqyah ash shirkiyah (impermissible). Ruqyah ash shar‘eeya – treatment as prescribed in the Qur’an and sunnah- must be with the speech of Allah (Qur’an) and His Names and Attributes, it must be in the Arabic language, or what is known to be its meaning in other languages and you must believe that ruqyah has no benefit by itself, but the benefits are from Allah. Scholars have stated that ruqyah is one of the greatest remedies that the believer should use regularly. The greatest of ruqyah are surah Al-Faatihah, surah Al-Falaq and surah An-Naas, which can be used as general physical healing, cure and protection for the evil eye and sehr (magic) as well as psychological and spiritual diseases.* ‗Aisha (may Allah be pleased with her) said:
In his last illness, the Prophet (peace be upon him) used to blow breath (into his cupped hands) and recite Al-Mu‗awwidhatayn (Surahs Al-Falaq and An-Naas) and then wipe over his body. But when his illness aggravated, I used to recite them over him and pass his own hand over his body for its blessing. [Al-Bukhari, Muslim]
4. Visit the sick. Visiting the sick ( ‗iyaadah in Arabic) is a communal obligation as mentioned in Majmoo‗ Fataawa wa Rasaa‘il Ibn ‗Uthaymeen. However, the rewards for doing so are enormous. The Prophet said:
There is no Muslim who visits a (sick) Muslim early in the morning but seventy thousand angels send blessings upon him until evening comes, and if he visits him in the evening, seventy thousand angels send blessings upon him until morning comes, and he will have a garden in Paradise. [At-Tirmidhi] The beauty in Islam is that we should not only visit the sick we know, but also those we don‘t know, as we are doing it for the sake of Allah and His reward. Form a group in your community of those who visit the sick, and teach children the reward.
Revive the sunnah by saying these supplications:  .
1. La ba‘s, tuhoor in sha Allaah (No worry, it is a purification, if Allah wills). [Al-Bukhari]
2. Ask for the person to be healed three times: The Prophet visited Sa‘d ibn Abi Waqqaas and said: O Allah, heal Sa‘d,‘ three times. [Al-Bukhari, Muslim]
3. Place your right hand on the sick person and say, as the Prophet did: Take away the pain, O Lord of mankind, and grant healing, for You are the Healer, and there is no healing but Your healing that leaves no trace of sickness). [Muslim]
Advertisements

An Explanation of Allahs Names and Attributes part 24

80) As Samee’
This Name of Allah appears in the Qur’an 45 times.
For example Allah says:
Certainly has Allah heard the speech of the one who argues with you, [O Muhammad], concerning her husband and directs her complaint to Allah . And Allah hears your dialogue; indeed, Allah is Hearing and Seeing. [al Mujaadilah 58:1]
Allah also says:
 
And [mention] when Abraham was raising the foundations of the House and [with him] Ishmael, [saying], “Our Lord, accept [this] from us. Indeed You are the Hearing, the Knowing [al Baqarah 2:127]
 
Linguistic meaning: 
1) comes from sama’a or sami’a Lisaan al arab defines sami’a as something whereby you use your ears to hear a sound. The attribute of sound to ears is for the majority of creation but not for all. The more correct definition is ability to hear.
2) To grant a request. Allah grants requests; He hears adiyah [plural of du’a] and grants them.
 
Shar’ee meaning:
The One, The Mighty, The great, who hears the entire creation, who hears all sounds and all voices, regardless how loud or how quiet they are or they are said all together or separately. He hears everything, even those things that don’t make an apparent sound, such as whispers of the heart, whispers of the mind. As-Samee‘ refers to the perfection and the totality of Allah‘s hearing, which cannot be compared with the hearing of any other created being. Al Khattabi says: He hears everything clearly, hears all sounds, noises, voices, whispers. It is not possible for a sound to be made except that Allah can hear it.
Ibn Qayyim says: the action of hearing carries 4 meanings;
1) Allah hears all voices and all sounds
2) Allah doesn’t just hear them, Allah understands all of it. Someone who is mute, Allah still understands/knows what He means, even though there’s no formation of words and sentences.
3) Allah responds to all sounds and all voices.
4) Acceptance and submission. Allah knows exactly what has been said and how it has been said, He knows the exact meaning and He knows the response that will be delivered and no one can change what has been said. Submit to the fact that Allah is all Hearing. As Samiee’.
Ibn Qayyim says after mentioning these 4 principles: As Samee’ is the One who rose over His creation with His hearing. Hears all sounds and all voices. He doesn’t get confused, and He hears them all clearly and responds to them all clearly. No one can understand the hearing of Allah and no one can be similar in the hearing of Allah. Allah doesn’t become busy or over busy by responding to different calls and providing different requests. He is samee’ in form of mubaalagah (exaggeration) and He is perfect in this. Allah hears all sounds, the apparent and the hidden, the loud and the quiet and He responds to the call of the one who calls. Allah listens to the one who praises Him
Benefits we can take from this Name:
1. We affirm the siffat of hearing of Allah. It is a matter of ‘aqeedah. Ahlus Sunnah believe Allah has the siffat of hearing, not like anything else.
[He is] Creator of the heavens and the earth. He has made for you from yourselves, mates, and among the cattle, mates; He multiplies you thereby. There is nothing like unto Him, and He is the Hearing, the Seeing. [ash Shuraa 42:11]
2. Having khawf. Fear that Allah can hear everything we say, better than we can hear it ourself. His hearing and seeing encompasses everything. Allah sees the black ant on the black rock in the black night. Refrain from speaking bad, fearing the punishment of Allah.
3. We should be proud and have tawakkul and have comfort in knowing that we have a Lord that hears our cries. Not only hears, but a Lord that responds as well. Allah knows, sees everything in the Heavens and the Earth. Allah is with you wherever you go, in His ‘ilm, hearing and seeing all. Have tawakkul and hope because Allah hears our du’a and He responds to our trust and reliance upon Him. The Ambiya used to make du’a to Allah regularly as been mentioned throughout the Qur’an.
There is not a thing that is vague to Allah. We haven’t seen Rasoolullah sallalahu alayhi wassalam but we heard about him and know about him. Allah has seen everything, He is the greatest shaheed [witness], He has seen everything, heard everything and knows about everything.
4. Study the etiquette of speech for a Muslim. How do you know if your speech is pleasing to As-Samee‘ if you do not study His book and the sunnah of the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him? Learn about the prohibitions of the tongue, like backbiting, swearing, and lying and refrain from doing them. Study the types of speech As-Samee‘ loves to hear from you, like dhikr, good advice, kind words to others, and reciting the Quran and engage in doing these frequently.
5. Feel sami‘Allahu liman hamidah‘ . Next to the amazing Hearing of Allah, The beautiful Name As-Samee‘ also means He answers our prayers. After bowing in prayer we say: sami‘Allahu liman hamidah (Allah hears the one who praises Him). We know that Allah hears us; this means that Allah answers those who praise Him and seek Him in prayer. Now every time you say sami‘Allahu liman hamidah, feel that Allah is The All-Hearer and make the intention to strive that He only hears good from you.
6. Be comforted by As-Samee‘. When Allah azza wa jall sent Musa and Harun to confront the Pharaoh, He comforted them with the words:
[Allah] said; Fear not. Indeed, I am with you (both); I hear and I see. [Ta Ha 20:46] As-Samee‘ hears and answers your prayers, so invoke Him and supplicate to Him. Remember that dua‘ is the weapon of the believer and can make the mountains shake.
7. Ask As-Samee‘ to bless your hearing. Allah – As-Samee‘ loves those who use the abilities He gave them for His sake. Ask Him to help you to use your hearing and your tongue only for things pleasing to Him.
 
As Samee’ and other Names
As Samee’ is mentioned with Al Qareeb. Allah says:
 
Say, “If I should err, I would only err against myself. But if I am guided, it is by what my Lord reveals to me. Indeed, He is Hearing and near.” [Saba 34:50]
When a person asks Allah for something, Allah hears it and then Allah becomes close to Him. We get closer to Allah by requesting.
Allah says:
And when My servants ask you, [O Muhammad], concerning Me – indeed I am near. I respond to the invocation of the supplicant when he calls upon Me. [al Baqarah 2:186]
81) Al Baseer
This Name of Allah Appears in the Qur’an 42 times. For example Allah says:
 
Exalted is He who took His Servant by night from al-Masjid al-Haram to al-Masjid al- Aqsa, whose surroundings We have blessed, to show him of Our signs. Indeed, He is the Hearing, the Seeing. [al Israa 17:1]
Allah also says:
 
And Allah judges with truth, while those they invoke besides Him judge not with anything. Indeed, Allah – He is the Hearing, the Seeing. [al Ghaafir 40:20]
 
Lingustic meaning:
mentioned in lisaan al ‘Arab: comes from the root word, basara, which means, the ability to see.
 
Share’ee meaning:
At Tabbari says: Allah is Baseer, He possesses the ability to see. He sees absolutely everything. The smallest, the greatest, the actions we do and those that we don’t do. His ‘ilm through His seeing encompasses the heavens and the earth. He memorises and He remembers what He sees, until there comes a day where He will inform everyone of what they done and punish and reward accordingly.
Al Khattabi says: Allah is Baseer of the smallest of thing. Allah sees the black ant walking on black stone, in depth of black water in the dark black night. His vision encompasses everything. No one can leave the vision of Allah. Allah is Baseer in mubaalagha form – nothing can go out of His vision. As Sa’di says: Allah sees everything, He sees the Heavens and earth and everything it contains, He sees the smallest of things, sees that which is inside a person body and the things that are covered, the apparent and the hidden, the strength of people, their bones, their limbs, the water inside trunks of trees, He sees the air that the trees breathe, He sees all things however small or large, for He is Al Baseer – complete and perfect in His vision, and in His ‘ilm.
Two types of seeing of Allah
1) Allah sees everything in the heavens and the earth, the hidden and the apparent.
2) Allah sees the needs, request and requirements of everyone.
 
Benefits we can learn from this Name:
1. Increases our fear. The fact that Allah sees the whole of creation and everything we do and every breath we take, shows who Allah is. A man once came to Muhammad ibn Adam (from the salaf) and said give me some advice on how I can sin. Muhammad ibn Adam said; find a place where Allah cannot see you, in a place that doesn’t belong to Allah, and sin without using a blessing that He has given you.” It is not possible to do this, thus there is no place where a person can sin.
2. Watch your deeds. How many times have you watched your deeds when certain people were around? As a Muslim one of your tasks is to mind the acts of your limbs and your heart anytime, anywhere, and in any company. A practical tip is to imagine yourself being watched by a camera which follows you 24/7, whether you are with people or all alone. The sight of Al-Baseer cannot be topped by a hundred million cameras.
3. Truly being a mukhlis, someone who has ikhlaas, in all actions. Because Allah sees our actions and how we do them and who we really do them for. Allah sees the zhaahir and baatin, the things that can be seen and can’t be seen.
4. Worship Allah as if we can see Him, and if we can’t do this, then worship Allah knowing He can see us. If we remember this then our Khushoo’ in Salah will increase.
 
5. Strive for quality. Knowing that Allah sees everything you do encourages you to be more devoted in your worship, more righteous in your deeds, and kinder to others. This is why Rasoolullah sallalahu alayhi wassalm, said:
Excellence in faith is to worship your Lord as if you see Him, and though You do not see Him, know that He sees you. [Al-Bukhari, Muslim] Strive for ehsaan (excellence) in every act you do.
6. Trust in Al-Baseer at all times. He sees every obstacle and sorrow you face and everything others do to you, He is the Only One Who only gives you what is good for you at all times. Therefore submit and put all your trust in Him only. Al-Baseer says:
And rely upon the Exalted in Might, the Merciful, who sees you when you arise (to pray) and your movement among those who prostrate. Indeed He is the Hearing, the Knowing [ash Shu’araa 26: 217-219]
7. Presevere. Al-Baseer reassured the Prophet sallalahu alayhi wassalam and says:
And be patient [O Muhammad] for the decision of your Lord, for indeed you are in Our Eyes. And exalt [Allah] with praise of your Lord when you arise [at Tur 52:48]
Isn‘t it the most comfortable and reassuring feeling for your heart knowing as a believer Your Lord is so close to you and sees and hears everything you go through? When others do injustice to you and no one seems to notice, take strength from the fact that Al-Baseer is seeing them and will recompense for it.
8. Believe in the decree of Al-Baseer. Whenever Allah creates something, grants something, gives life, causes death, guides someone, or allows someone to stray, it is in accordance with His wisdom, His perfect knowledge, and His complete vision that nothing can escape from.
Fighting has been enjoined upon you while it is hateful to you. But perhaps you hate a thing and it is good for you; and perhaps you love a thing and it is bad for you. And Allah knows while you know. [al Baqarah 2:216] Al-Baseer observes how you respond to His ayaat. Believe that everything Al-Baseer does is a complete tailor-made test for you and only for your own good, even though you might not like it.
9. Seek refuge in Al-Baseer. Knowing that Allah is the All-Seeing protects the believer from committing sins. Since Allah azza wa jall is taking account of everything we do, there is no escape from Him except to seek refuge with Him. Use the isti‘aadhah (saying: a‘oodhu billaahi minash-shaytaanir rajeem) a lot in your daily life, in times of anger, fear, and despair.
10. Ask Al-Baseer to bless your sight. Allah Al-Baseer loves those who use the abilities He gave them for His sake. Ask Him to help you to use your sight and insight only for things pleasing to Him.
11. Make dua to Al-Baseer abundantly. Al-Baseer sees every hardship you face, so invoke Him and supplicate to Him. Remember at all times; the fact that you are able to make sujood and even say Yaa Allah is a blessing that surpasses all others.
 
Al Baseer and other Names
Allah mentiones Al Baseer in conjunction with Al kabeer -1) the specialist 2) the One with inner knowledge (Aleem is outer knowledge). The reason behind this pairing is that Allah is Al Baseer in mubaalagah – exaggerated form. He is a specialist in seeing, but along with that He sees the inner details of the actions of our hearts. So Him being Al Khabeer is also related to Him being Al Baseer. As Al Baseer, the One who see every single thing, He is also Al Khabeer, the One who knows of every detail of every single thing. Allah also mentions Al Baseer with As Samee’ – Just as Allah sees everything, He hears everything and there’s nothing He does not hear or see.
82) Ash Shaheed
This Name of Allah appears in the Qu’ran 18 times. For example Allah says:
I said not to them except what You commanded me – to worship Allah , my Lord and your Lord. And I was a witness over them as long as I was among them; but when You took me up, You were the Observer over them, and You are, over all things, Witness.
[al Maeda 5:117]
Allah also says:
 
But Allah bears witness to that which He has revealed to you. He has sent it down with His knowledge, and the angels bear witness [as well]. And sufficient is Allah as Witness.
[an Nisaa 4:166]
 
Linguistic meaning: 
1) One who testifies over the whole of creation, witnesses over them whilst knowing everything that they do, and one day this witness will inform and declare everything its seen and heard from its knowledge.
2) The one who testifies, offer testimony.
3) To have knowledge of something.
Shar’ee meaning:
At Tabbari says: Allah will testify because He was a witness over everything, both the apparent and the hidden. It is a follow up from the Names As Sami’ Al Baseer. Extreme form of being a witness, Ash Shaheed – a witness over entire creation, He has seen and heard everything, the knowledge from vision can never be changed or forgotten. Al Khattabi says: there is not a single thing that is hidden from Him, He is Ash Shaahid, and Ash Shaheed. Allah has seen everything and will declare it because of the fact that He has seen it. He has witnessed everything with vision and hearing all of the actions that took place, then being haafeedh, He protects/memorises them, and then He will inform us of them on that day.
 
Benefits we can learn from this Name
1. Allah is overall the most powerful witness over entire creation because He has heard and seen everything. Everything is encompassed in His knowledge. The believer has a great warning and a great fear with this Name. On yawmal qiyyamah, Ash Shaheed will testify against him and a he would have great fear. What other argument will this person have, when Allah Ash-Shaheed is a witness against him. There is no greater witness and testimony but Allah’s. Ash-Shaheed is witnessing every step you take and will take you to account. Use this tip: when you are about to do something wrong, look up at the sky and imagine Ash-Shaheed watching you.
 
2. His Shahadah (testimony) is the greatest of Shahadah.
Say, “What thing is greatest in testimony?” Say, “Allah is witness between me and you. And this Qur’an was revealed to me that I may warn you thereby and whomever it reaches. Do you [truly] testify that with Allah there are other deities?” Say, “I will not testify [with you].” Say, “Indeed, He is but one God, and indeed, I am free of what you associate [with Him].” [al An’aam 6:19]
This grants and instils in us fear. Allah is the One who testifies that there is none worthy of worship but Him. And on yawmal qiyyamah He will have the greatest shahadah.
 
3. Say the sahahda, live the shahada. The Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam said:
Man shahida an la ilaha illallah dakhala al-jannah – Whoever witnesses that there is no god but Allah alone enters Paradise.[Muslim]. Your testimony of faith in Allah is something you not only utter, but that which you must live by. When you say ‘I bear witness there is no god but Allah’ it means that in your talk and actions, in your house or outside you, show that you love Allah more than anyone else, you accept Him as your Creator, Master and Ruler of the universe, that you worship Him alone in all matters and not your desires or others‘ directions. Next time when you say the shahada in your prayer, reflect upon the meaning. Increase in saying la ilaha illallah to renew your emaan.
4. Trust in Ash-Shaheed. Ash-Shaheed says in this beautiful soothing ayah:
And be patient, [O Muhammad], for the decision of your Lord, for Indeed, you are in Our eyes. And exalt [Allah] with praise of your Lord when you arise [at Tur 52: 48] Rest assured that any unjust treatment by the hands of others you go through, slander, gossip or abuse, Ash-Shaheed is your Witness and you will get justice.
 
5. Don‘t make your limbs testify against you. Use your tongue for speech beloved by Ash-Shaheed, your eyes to read the Quran, your limbs to pray to Him as they will all testify as to what you used them for. The Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam said:
I was amazed at how a servant will dispute with his Lord on the Day of Resurrection. He will say, My Lord, did You not promise me that you would not treat me unjustly‖ Allah will say, Yes. The man will say, I will not accept any witness against me except from myself. Allah will say, Is it not sufficient that I and the angels, the noble scribes, are witnesses These words will be repeated several times, then a seal will be placed over his mouth and his organs (or limbs) will speak about what he used to do. Then he will say, Away with you! It was only for your sake that I was arguing!‖ [Muslim and An-Nasa‘i]
Side note: Martyr in Arabic is called Shaheed – someone who declares/testifies. One reason given behind this title for them is because after they’re souls are taken, they see their places in Jannah, they witness their place. They see their sins being forgiven, from the 1st drop of blood that falls.
83) Ar Raqeeb
This Name of Allah appears in the Qu’ran 3 times. For example Allah says:
 
said not to them except what You commanded me – to worship Allah , my Lord and your Lord. And I was a witness over them as long as I was among them; but when You took me up, You were the Observer over them, and You are, over all things, Witness. [al Maeda 5:117]
And Allah says:
 
O mankind, fear your Lord, who created you from one soul and created from it its mate and dispersed from both of them many men and women. And fear Allah , through whom you ask one another, and the wombs. Indeed Allah is ever, over you, an Observer. [an Nisaa 4:1]
Allah also says:
Not lawful to you, [O Muhammad], are [any additional] women after [this], nor [is it] for you to exchange them for [other] wives, even if their beauty were to please you, except what your right hand possesses. And ever is Allah , over all things, an Observer. [al Ahzaab 33:52]
 
Linguistic meaning: 
observer, the one who observes. Similar to Ash-Shaheed but has addition of haafidh – one who protects/memorises and Al Muntadhir one who waits patitently.
 
Shar’ee Meaning:
Al-Haafidh is the one who protects and memorises, to whom nothing can ever disappear from. Ar-Raqeeb is mubaalagha. The One who is waiting and observing the whole of creation. At Tabbari: says; meaning of Raqeeb is Haafidhan – memorises everything without the possibility of forgetting. He memorises and protects you, your actions, thoughts and statements. Ibn Qayyim says: Raqeeb of every action, every niyyah, outwardly, inwardly, every goal, objective and thought. As S’adi says: both Ar-Raqeeb and Ash-Shaheed are very similar.
 
A beautiful example of belief in Ar-Raqeeb
Narrated `Abdullah ibn Zayd ibn Aslam, from his father, from his grandfather, who said:
When I was accompanying `Umar ibn al-Khattab on his patrol of Madinah at night, he felt tired, so he leant against a wall. It was the middle of the night, and (we heard) a woman say to her daughter, O my daughter, get up and mix that milk with some water. The girl said, O Mother, did you not hear the decree of Amir al-Mu‘minin (chief of the believers) today? The mother said, What was that? The girl said, He ordered someone to announce in a loud voice that milk should not be mixed with water. The mother said, Get up and mix the milk with water; you are in a place where `Umar cannot see you. The girl told her mother, I cannot obey Him (Allah) in public and disobey him in private. [Sifat al-Safwah and Wafiyat al-A‘yan and cited by Ibn al-Jawzi in Ahkam al-Nisa‘]
This is an example of how we should understand and be aware of Ar-Raqeeb. This young woman was upright in her deeds, in public and private, because she believed that Allah was observing her at all times! The righteous leader Umar Ibn Abdul-Azeez descended from her.
 
Benefits we can take from this Name 
Same as As Samee’, Al baseer, Ash shaheed.
1. Allah is the supervisor of the whole creation. He is testifying and He is observing, what people are doing and how they are doing it. Ibn Qayyim says: Ar-Raqeeb goes with the Name Al-Haafidh, Al-Aleem, As Samee’ Al-Baseer. Allah is on the level of being the great supervisor, and observer. These 5 Names when put together complete each other. Ibn Qayyim says: whoever learns these Names, they know that Allah is the greatest one who sees, hears and preserves knowledge. Allah knows the whole of creation, He is observing the whole of creation, He is a witness over it, He is looking and seeing the whole of creation. With the Name Ar-Raqeeb, He memorises, stores, protects, looks after and then He will declare everything He seen, heard, observed, witnessed on yawmal qiyyamah. These Names builds fear in the heart of creation.
Know that you are never alone. A scholar in the past advised: Repeat the following statement whenever you go to bed, wake up or go out, Allah looks at me; Allah watches me; Allah witnesses me. Knowing that Ar-Raqeeb is watching over you is called muraqabah; remind yourself Allah is watching your every move, feel His presence and converse with Him, making dua to Him to keep your intentions pure and your deeds upright.
2. Mind your words. Some of us might stay away from the major sins, such as adultery and interest, but we commit thousands of sins daily with the way we speak and what we speak about. Be inspired by Ar-Raqeeb to mind every word you speak and ask yourself: does this speech please Allah or make Him angry? Allah says:
Man does not utter any word except that with him is an observer prepared [to record]. [Qaaf 50:18]
3. Remember Ar-Raqeeb when you are tempted.
One day Umar ibn al-Khattab radiyallahu anhu found a shepherd and asked if the boy would sell him a sheep. The boy replied that it was not his. `Umar ibn al-Khattab made him an offer to see how he would react, He said: If your master asks you, tell him that the sheep was eaten by a wolf. He looked at him and said, And what would I say to Him (i.e. Allah)? `Umar cried and said, By Allah, you are right. What would you say to Him? Whenever you feel tempted to do something haraam or not doing something Allah wants from you, then think about how Ar-Raqeeb is watching you.
4. Supplicate to Ar-Raqeeb. When the Prophet Yunus alayhi sallam was all alone in the whale, what did he say?
And [mention] the man of the fish, when he went off in anger and thought that We would not decree [anything] upon him. And he called out within the darknesses, There is no deity except You; exalted are You. Indeed, I have been of the wrongdoers. [al Anbiya 21:87] The Prophet Yunus was all alone and He sought forgiveness from the One Who was watching Him all along. When you are all alone, whether it be psychically because you are stuck somewhere, or mentally because you feel down, seek forgiveness from Ar-Raqeeb and He will give you a way out.
5. Khushoo’ in salah, everything is hidden in general. He knows better than you what is inside you, Imam as S’adi says He even knows the intentions and the inside depths of heart. Allah knows, sees, hears it.
The rest of the Names that follow were not covered in the course due to lack of time, therefore the notes for these Names are taken from the website understandquran.com however I changed around the format to match the format of the notes from the course and I added in the Arabic text of the ayat and ahadith and other extra information I could find to enhance the notes.
 
84) Al Mujeeb
This Name of Allah is mentioned in the Qu’ran Once. Allah says:
And Noah had certainly called us and [We are] the best of responders. [as Saffaat 37:75]
 
Lingusitic meaning:
to answer, reply, respond, and accept, to have a dialogue or conference.
 
Share’ee meaning:
He is the One who responds to needs, He answers prayers and He is the One who penetrates each obstacle in order to respond.
 
Responding to Each Request with Ease
The Name Al-Mujeeb is related in meaning to Al-Hakeem (The All-Wise), Al-Aleem (The All-Knowing), As-Samee‘ (The All-Hearing), Al-Baseer (The All-Seeing), Al-Wahhaab (The Giver of Gifts) and Al-Kareem. He responds to our requests in a way that displays His ultimate wisdom and knowledge. While we call out to Him He is All-Hearing and All-Seeing and He often gives us more than we deserve or even ask. He is the Most Generous, Al-Kareem. His amazing power and wisdom in responding to our requests is demonstrated in this part of a beautiful hadith qudsi: O My servants, were the first of you and the last of you, the human of you and the jinn of you to rise up in one place and make a request of Me, and were I to give everyone what he requested, that would not decrease what I have, any more that a needle decreases the sea if put into it.. [Muslim, at-Tirmidhi and Ibn Majah]
 
Benefits we can learn from this Name
1. Respond to the call of Al-Mujeeb. Al-Mujeeb says:
And when My servants ask you, [O Muhammad], concerning Me – indeed I am near. I respond to the invocation of the supplicant when he calls upon Me. So let them respond to Me [by obedience] and believe in Me that they may be [rightly] guided. [al Baqarah 2:186]. Your share in this Name is that you are responsive to the commandments of Al-Mujeeb.
2. Know the art of asking. Ask for His forgiveness before you ask for anything, as was the formula of the Prophet Yunus alayhi sallam when he desperately needed his supplication to be answered to be saved from the belly of the whale. Ask Al-Mujeeb for everything (halal) you wish in the Hereafter but also in this world. He loves it that you ask Him for everything you need in your deen and dunya (worldy matters). Ask him for clothing, a house to live in, food, drink, guidance, success etc.
3. Think good of Al-Mujeeb. Al-Mujeeb does not disappoint a believer who calls upon Him, however don‘t be hasty as His delay is not His denial. The answer to your dua‘ might come in a different form or time you wanted or expected. Made under the right circumstances – such as not earning haram income when asking Him or asking Him for something haram, like cutting of family ties – Al-Mujeeb responds to your dua, postpones it or prevents something bad from happening.
4. Respond to the servants of Al-Mujeeb . Be of those who don‘t just respond to the plight of those in need but of those who also actively themselves look for those who are in need of support. Have an active attitude in relation to the requests of the environment you live in and of the Ummah as a whole.
5. Practise four powerful Quranic supplications for four powerful responses. Al-Mujeeb relates to you the responses He gave after being supplicated to in different types of hardship. So whenever you are in a similar situation, apply the same dua‘ and have faith in the response of Al-Mujeeb.
1) When you feel sad, say:
And [mention] the man of the fish, when he went off in anger and thought that We would not decree [anything] upon him. And he called out within the darknesses, “There is no deity except You; exalted are You. Indeed, I have been of the wrongdoers.” [al Anbiya 21:87]
The response:
 
So We responded to him and saved him from the distress. And thus do We save the believers. [al anbiya 21:88]
2) When you feel scared say:
 
Those to whom hypocrites said, “Indeed, the people have gathered against you, so fear them.” But it [merely] increased them in faith, and they said, Sufficient for us is Allah, and [He is] the best Disposer of affairs. [ale Imran 3:173]
The response:
 
So they returned with favour from Allah and bounty, no harm having touched them.
[ale Imran 3:174]
3) When you are ill say:
And [mention] Ayyub when he called to his Lord, “Indeed, adversity has touched me, and you are the Most Merciful of the merciful” [al Anbiya 21:83]
The response:
 
So We responded to him and removed what afflicted him of adversity. And We gave him [back] his family and the like thereof with them as mercy from Us and a reminder for the worshippers [of Allah]. [al Anbiya 21:84]
4) When you feel hurt by other people say:
 
And you will remember what I [now] say to you and, I entrust my affair to Allah. Indeed, Allah is Seeing of [His] servants [al Ghaafir 40:44]
The response:
 
So Allah protected him from the evils they plotted, and the people of Pharaoh were enveloped by the worst of punishment. [al Ghaafir 40:45]
Learn these and say them with yaqeen that Al Mujeeb will answer you when you call upon Him.

Ramadan Reflection – Allah never forgets

And never is your Lord forgetful. Quran (19:64)

Seriously this ayah is as pleasing as it is terrifying.

It simultaneously tells me that all the injustices done to me, Allah knows. But it also tells me that all injustices done by me, He also knows. It tells me that even if no one on this earth sees or remembers the good that I’ve done, Allah does. But it also tells me that even if no one sees or remembers the sins I’ve committed, Allah does.

This ayah is so powerful. Its such a strong reminder that we will never be left without our justice being given or rewarded for the good that we’ve done. But we will also be held accountable for the injustices we did and the sins we committed.

It reminds us to strive to be the best we can be and seek forgiveness daily. It reminds us that no matter how much we hurt, Allah will be there for us.

So we can seek solace in this knowledge that if we’ve been oppressed, slandered, beaten, or abused; Allah will never allow it to go unnoticed and He will give us our justice. Whether its in this life or the next.

But this ayah should also make us want to make amends and seek forgiveness from those we’ve oppressed, slandered or abused. We should not be too proud to say we’re sorry. We should turn to Allah and repent and then strive to become better people. Don’t leave it until it’s too late.

Know that even if your efforts aren’t appreciated by people it doesn’t go unnoticed by Allah.

And know that even if you think you have gotten away with it in this life, you won’t in the next.

Allah never forgets anything that we have done, the good and the bad.

An Explanation of Allahs Beautiful Names and Attributes part 23

76) Al Kareem
This Name of Allah appears in the Qur’an 3 times.
Indeed My Lord is free of need and generous [an Nahl 16:40]
 
O Mankind what has deceived you concerning your Lord, the generous [al Infitar 82:6]
 
So Exalted is Allah, the Soverign, the Truth; there is no diety except Him, Lord of the noble throne [al Muminoon 23:116]
In the Hafs qira’a, Kareem in this ayah becomes a siffat of the ‘arsh. But in other qira’aat. It is kareemu thereby refering to Allah as Al-Kareem. In a hadith Rasoolullah sallalahu alayhi wassalam mentioned. Indeed your Lord is generous and shy, if His servant raises his hands towards Him [in supplication], He becomes shy to return them empty. [at Tirmidhi]
77) Al Akram
This Name of Allah appears in the Qur’an once. Allah says:
Recite, and your Lord is Most Generous [al Alaq 96:3]
 
Lingustic meaning:
Both these Names come from the word Karama – which means someone or something that is excessively generous, giving, beneficent. Az Zujaaji says: it means to grant someone their request very quickly. Because Kareem is so generous, whenever He sees His slaves wanting and requesting something, He grants it very quickly. Az Zujaaji also says: Kareem means; jawaad – excessively generous, Al Azeez – powerful. As-safoo – forgiving. These are all found in the Arabic meaning of the word Kareem. Al Khattabi says: Kareem means al katheerun khair, a lot of good, excessive good. The arabs call something that benefits a lot or has so much good kareeman. It also means something excessively beautiful, gorgeous. Allah describes Himself as Kareem and also describes His ‘Arsh as Kareem.
 
Shar’ee meaning:
Al Khattabi says: to whom all blessings originate from. He is al Kareem who bestows and spreads out His blessings, His good, His glory to the whole of creation. He forgives the sinner, removes the sins of the dhaalim, grants the requests of mankind. Al Ghazzali says: Al Kareem is the One, that when He is asked, He fulfils His promise. When He gives, He gives without limits, and He continues to give, even though His rights are taken. He never forgets or neglects anyone that asks. He removes their problems, and removes the veil of hardship, He bestows upon one who asks with His Name, ease, tranquility and peace. He is Al Kareem, Al Akram. Ibn Qayyim says: Al kareem is excessively beautiful, His Might is great and He can benefit greatly. Khairun adheem wa naf’a. He is more virtuous than anything. For He is Allah, One who describes Himself as Kareem. He is excessively generous and beautiful.
Ibn Qayyim also says: Al Akram is on the pattern of ‘af’al. No one who can be more generous and beautiful than Him. Al Akram means He is the highest in generosity and beauty. In Jannah, on the Day of Increase, when those who see the Face of Allah return back home, the people will say; You have become more beautiful than when you left. They will reply, By Allah even you have become more beautiful than when we left you. How is this so? Because they saw a face that saw the face of Allah, thus they increased in beauty.
Al Khattabi says: He is Most generous of all of those who are generous, the most beautiful of all of those who are beautiful. The word Kareem/Akram can also mean the one who is most powerful, always victorious. Ibn ‘Arabi al Maliki says: when Allah says He is Kareem/Akram, the believer should know that His Karm is katheer (abundant). And He is the One, that when He gives, He continues to give – even when His rights are taken. This can be seen in the case of the kuffar and mushrikoon, who are still provided by Allah even though they transgress upon His rights. Allah is the fastest in granting good. Whenever someone wants to obtain any good or benefit from Allah, Allah will respond to His request, faster than anything else. He is Al Kareem haqeeqi (literally). This shows that He is mighty and great as no one can continue to give without their kingdom decreasing except Allah. Allah gives and gives, without any part of His kingdom being taken away. He doesn’t have a limit so He is Infinite in His generosity and in His Kingdom. He will continue to give and this will never fade away and His kingdom will never decrease. He is Al- Waarith – He will inherit everything that He has given. He is al Kareem, He is Allah the one who grants with the Name Al Kareem, and gives, without a reason, the One to whom all blessings begin and all blessings will end. Akramul akrameen – the greatest of those who are generous. He takes people out from conditions that are difficult, He changes the ahwaal [states] of people just by saying kun fa ya kun.
 
Benefits we can learn from these Names
1. True muhabba for Allah. For He is the one, that has granted the creation the wonders of His blessings. He continues to bless us, and even though we haven’t granted Him His right to pure, perfect ‘ibaadah, yet He is al Kareem, He continues to give us. This deserves a muhabba that is sincere and real, for if He is the one that continuously bless us with His Ni’am (blessings) then what if He was to stop? Indeed mankind are in dire need of the generosity of Allah.
2. Have hayaa/shyness in displeasing and angering Allah, by the very blessing He’s given you by the Name Al Kareem. How can a man use these blessings, His eyes or any other limb that Allah has given Him through His Name al Kareem, to anger and upset Him?
3. Trust in Allah. Have Tawakkul upon the one who is generous and from who all blessings originate from. He is the One that gives and grant and He is the One that chooses the states of people. A person may fear for His rizq but any person who has a real tawakkul in Allah, and is truly reliant, Allah will feed His stomach just like the bird in the morning, allowing it to return to its nest full. How important it is to have tawakkul. Our hearts need to believe in this concept. We wouldn’t fear, worry or grieve over things like rizq if we know and believe that Allah is Al Kareem and Ar Razzaq. Have tawakkul upon Allah, Al Hayy, Al Azeez, Ar Raheem.
4. Reflect on the fact Allah has given provisions for our hearts and souls as well as for our bodies. From Him being Al Kareem, He has sent to us Al Qur’an and His Messenger sallalahau alayhi wassalam. He made us from the Ummah of Muhmmad sallalahu alayhi wassalam, the first Ummah that will enter jannah. Abu Umaamah is reported to have said that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said:
My Lord promised me that seventy thousand of my ummah will enter Paradise without being brought to account or being punished; with each thousand of them will be another seventy thousand, plus three handfuls of the handfuls of my Lord, may He be glorified. [Ahmad, at Tirmidhi, ibn Maajah] So the final number is around 4.9 billion + 3 full handfuls from Allah’s hand. Umar started saying takbir upon hearing this. The ‘ulema say one handful of Allah is more than the 4.9 billion! Allahu akbar! Allah is Al Kareem, shows the generosity He has to this Ummah, like none other. If we stay away from major sins, we can enter Jannah without hisaab and ‘adhaab, by the Mercy of Allah.
We should look to our hearts and see why have we preferred the creation over the creator and why we the abuse blessings that He has given us. We should take ourselves to account because of this, and strive to always please the Creator above the creation and use His blessings in ways that will benefit us and please Al Kareem.
5. Be generous to be close to Al-Kareem. Allah‘s Names and Attributes are of two types: those that are attributed only to Him (e.g. Al-Khaaliq, The Creator) and those that can and should be strived for to be attributed to ourselves, one of them is Al-Kareem. Be generous with your belongings, time, and even your words. The prophet salallahu ‗alayhi wa sallam said:
The generous one is close to Allah, close to people, far from the fire; a stingy person is far from Allah, far from people, far from Paradise; and the generous ignorant person is more beloved to Allah than a stingy worshipper. [At-Tirmidhi] Take upon yourself the siffat of karm – generosity. We need to take this siffat of Allah and profess it in ourselves and manifest it in the way we behave. Ibn Qayyim says: after studying the Names and Attributes of Allah, not only does your fear and hope increase but your relationship with Allah changes, and you become a better person by trying to take on characteristics from the characteristics of Allah. Allah is Al Kareem, therefore we should become generous. We should possess the siffat of karm, being generous, beautiful, helping others and giving them without them having to ask. Allah gives us provision and blessings even before we ask for them, so lend someone a hand when they are in need, even before they ask. Allah through His generosity will widen the graves of the righteous and will make the good deeds into a beautiful looking man who will be the companion of the righteous person in the grave, and Allah will open a window to jannah in the grave of the righteous person and a breeze of jannah will come in, that will remain until yawmal qiyyamah.
6. Allah mentions Akram after He says Iqra – read or recite. Therefore one of the greatest way of us showing generosity is by teaching people the deen of Allah. Sharing ‘ilm with other people and giving them the generosity of the heart.
7. Develop a relationship with the Quran al-Kareem. Allah‘s book, the Quran, is kareem because it is full of benefits and guidance, good things and blessings, it includes not a single error or contradiction. Open Al-Quran al-Kareem at least every single day; even if you read one ayah a day, understand it and let it transform your character, mind and heart and see how it will make you more kareem, insha‘Allah.
8. Study about Al-Kareem . Al-Kareem says: O man! What has made you careless about your Lord, Al-Kareem (the Generous). Study about Allah, learning about His Names and Attributes and what they mean to you. Do not be deceived by this world and by the Shaytaan.
9. Don‘t forget the fire. Indulging in all the blessings Al-Kareem gave you, don‘t forget about hellfire. The Prophet salallahu ‗alayhi wa sallam said,
The people will be thrown into Hell ( Fire) and it will keep on saying, ‗Is there any more?‘ till the Lord of the worlds puts His Foot over it, whereupon its different sides will come close to each other, and it will say, ‗Qad! Qad! (enough! enough!) By Your ‗Izzat (Honor and Power) and Your Karram (Generosity)!‘ Paradise will remain spacious enough to accommodate more people until Allah will create some more people and let them dwell in the superfluous space of Paradise. [Al-Bukhari]
 
Al Kareem and other Names
· Allah mentions Al Kareem with the Name Al Ghaniyy. Ibn Qayyim says: the reason why they are mentioned together is to show that when Allah is giving us blessings from His generosity, His richness never decreases. His richness is pure and perfect and infinite like all His other Attributes. This shows us that we don’t need to be rich to be Kareem. But on the contrary, when a person is Kareem, he becomes rich. Allah is rich and this is why He is generous. But Him being generous is the reason why He is rich. Advice to slaves of Allah. Want to become rich? Give in charity. Rasoolulllah sallalahu alayhi wassalam said:
Charity does not in any way decrease the wealth and the servant who forgives, Allah adds to his respect; and the one who shows humility, Allah elevates him in the estimation (of the people). [Muslim].
Allah says:
Say, “Indeed, my Lord extends provision for whom He wills of His servants and restricts [it] for him. But whatever thing you spend [in His cause] – He will compensate it; and He is the best of providers.” [Saba 34:39]
· Al-Kareem is related to Al-Wahhaab (The Giver) and Ar-Razzaaq (The Provider) in the sense that He initiates favours to His slaves, beyond what we deserve. Al-Kareem brought you into existence even though He was not obliged to do so. Al-Kareem gives us the whole world, as He tells us:
It is He who created for you all of that which is on the earth. Then He directed Himself to the heaven, [His being above all creation], and made them seven heavens, and He is Knowing of all things. [al Baqarah 2:29]
· Our book, the Qu’ran, is not only an instruction but also a cure. Our prayers are not only rituals, but also treasure chests of multiple rewards. Our food is not just one kind, but an amazing variety of tastes, structures and flavours; this is the giving of Al-Kareem.
· Al-Kareem is related to Al-‗Afuw (The Pardoner) because even when you sin and forget about it, Allah deals with you generously and makes you live comfortably. It is He who covers your sins and when you turn to Him, out of His amazing generosity He doesn‘t just forgive but He completely erases your bad deeds and on top of this, He turns them into good deeds. He is At-Tawwaab. What a generous Lord!
· Al-Kareem is Related to Ash-Shakoor (The Appreciative), Al-Kareem rewards you generously when you only present to Him little sincere acts of worship. The ultimate example is Jannah: everlasting pleasure for a few years of worship in this life.
· Al-Kareem is also related to Al-Haleem (the Forbearing), whenever He gives He gives most generously and when Al-Kareem is disobeyed, He forgives most forbearingly, subhanaAllah. He has the most generous and gracious way of forgiving.
· Al-Kareem is related in meaning to Al-Wadood (The Loving); us being worthy of His divine love is truly a generosity we should recognise. Al-Kareem says:
Indeed, those who believe and work deeds of righteousness: the Most Merciful will appoint for them affection. [Maryam 19:96]
78) Ash Shakoor
This Name of Allah is mentioned in the Qur’an 4 times. For example Allah says:
 
If you loan Allah a goodly loan, He will multiply it for you and forgive you. And Allah is Most Appreciative and Forbearing. [at Taghabun 64:17]
And He says:
 
That He may give them in full their rewards and increase for them of His bounty. Indeed, He is Forgiving and Appreciative [al Faatir 35:34]
79) Ash Shaakir
This Name of Allah appears in the Qur’an twice.
 
And whoever volunteers good – then indeed, Allah is appreciative and Knowing. [al Baqarah 2:158]
 
What would Allah do with your punishment if you are grateful and believe? And ever is Allah Appreciative and Knowing. [an Nisaa 4:147]
 
Linguistic meaning:
Comes from root word shakara. In lisaan al arab [Encyclopedia of the Arabic language] shukoor means to acknowledge goodness and to re-demonstrate goodness for the goodness that was acknowledged. It also means to be thankful, grateful, appreciative and to show actions of thankfulness and appreciation. Ibn Jarir At Tabbari says: shakoor means appreciative and thankful but more so appreciative for the goodness one receives. For example when a person turns towards Allah in repentance, Allah appreciates this, He doesn’t forget it. Him being Ash-Shaakir and Ash-Shakoor, Allah will multiply it with multiplications that we don’t understand and reward us with this . Regardless how small the deed is, it will be appreciated, and He will have a reward for it stored on yawmal qiyyamah and will give us the taste of the reward in this life to show that He hasn’t forgotten it.
Shaakir – appreciates an action, Shakoor is mubaalagha or exaggerated form of appreciation, appreciates all actions.
 
Shar’ee meaning;
Imam as Sa’di says: from the meanings of Allah being Ash Shaakir and Shakoor, He appreciates all actions, an appreciation unlike anyone else. He has stored a mighty reward for the action He has appreciated. He continues to appreciate this action, when the person continues in it, or prevents it from being nullified. Allah multiplies reward over and over again without there being a limit. He appreciate all actions, no matter how small. Side note: During a minor sin, if someone knows its a sin, and knows that it displeases Allah and knows and remembers that Allah is looking and watching Him, but still persists in doing it, then this becomes a major sin. Minor sins is when you forget Allah watches and looks at the person and it is done in forgetfulness. Difference between hamd (praise) and shukoor (thanks) – Hamd is done from heart and tongue. Shukoor is done from heart, tongue and body. A person affirms it in their heart verbalises it on the tongue and then acts it out by their limbs. Something that is usually forgotten when making du’a is thanking Allah. After praising and glorifying Him and sending peace and blessings upon Rasoolullah salallahu alayhi wassalam, we should then thank Allah, and then start with our requests. This shows the shukoor in limbs, by worshipping Allah and doing that which He loves.
Allah‘s Name Ash-Shakoor does not mean He has to be thankful for anything, because everything we have comes from Him. It means He is the One who is the most thankful, as He gratefully gives large rewards. Ash-Shakoor even appreciates our intention.
Ash Shakoor says:
 
Is the reward for good [anything] but good? [ar Rahman 55:60]
All the good which you come with, will be given good. Don’t think Allah will not appreciate your actions. He will appreciate it and multiply it in ways we can’t even understand. Surah Ar Rahman, shows how He will appreciate.
 
Benefits we can learn from these Names
1. Thank Allah for everything He’s given us. Be grateful and Ash-Shakoor will give you more. Recognising any of Allah‘s favours is in itself a favour. Ash-Shakoor bestows His blessings on us even though He doesn‘t need us. Show your shukr for all He has given you and He will give you even more. Ash-Shakoor says:
And [remember] when your Lord proclaimed , ‘If you are grateful, I will surely increase you [in favor]; but if you deny, indeed, My punishment is severe.’ “ [Ibrahim 14:7] Al-Ghazali said: The best way of manifesting thankfulness for the blessings of Allah Most High is to make use of these blessings in obeying Him and not disobeying Him.
2. Do good deeds no matter how small. Never be hesitant in doing a good deed, even if you think it‘s tiny compared to all your sins; think about the ability of the One who gives rewards. The Prophet salallahu ‗alayhi wa sallam said:
Do not belittle any good deed, even meeting your brother with a cheerful face. [Muslim]. Say subhanAllah a hundred times and Ash-Shakoor grants you a thousand good deeds (Allah out of His mercy, grants 10 rewards for 1 good deed that is done).
3. Have muhabba for Allah, know that Allah accepts the smallest of deeds we do, and has prepared a mighty reward for these actions. Allah appreciates even the smallest of deeds, so we should Love Allah for this appreciation.
4. Have hayaa of Allah. He has multiplied reward for every good deed we do so how can we continue to displease Him? Be grateful to Allah for every blessing He has given you and use these blessings in doing only that which pleases Him.
5. Don‘t expect anything in return from others. We often yearn for recognition from others, and when we do good in secret we might wish they find out it was we who helped them. Sometimes you might wish people knew your good intentions even if you fail to do the action.
What would Allah do with your punishment if you are grateful and believe? And ever is Allah Appreciative and Knowing. [an Nisaa 4:147] But know that Allah knows, rewards, and appreciates what other people might not even know about. Go out of your way to help others, not expecting anything in return, and Ash-Shakoor will send someone to do the same for you and if other people do not appreciate it then know that Ash-Shakoor does so do it regardless.
6. Help others and Ash-Shakoor will help you. The Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam said:
Whosoever relieves from a believer some grief pertaining to this world, Allah will relieve from him some grief pertaining to the Hereafter . . . Whosoever conceals the faults of a Muslim, Allah will conceal his faults in this world and the Hereafter. Allah will aid a servant (of His) so long as the servant aids his brother. [Muslim] Whether you relieve, help out, or just conceal the fault of another Muslim, Ash-Shakoor will help you. When thanking people always first say alhamdulillah and then thank someone, as the reality of thankfulness is to realise that everything comes from Allah. The Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam instructed us: The one who does not thank people had not thanked Allah. [Abu Dawood].
Allah says:
And We have enjoined upon man [care] for his parents. His mother carried him, [increasing her] in weakness upon weakness, and his weaning is in two years. Be grateful to Me and to your parents; to Me is the [final] destination [Luqman 31:14] This ayah implements actions of being thankful to the creation.
7. Be patient and sincere and remember Paradise. Nothing we do is lost. Sometimes Ash-Shakoor delays the signs of His appreciation to see if you‘ll give up or not. So be sincere and do it for Allah, because you know He‘s Ash-Shakoor in this life and in the Hereafter. The Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam said:
Allah says: I have prepared for My righteous slaves that which no eye has seen, no ear has heard and it has never crossed the mind of man. All of that is reserved, besides which all that you have known is as nothing.‘ Then he recited: ‗No person knows what is kept hidden for them of joy as a reward for what they used to do‘ [al-Sajdah 32:17] Narrated by al-Bukhaari (3072) and Muslim (2824) The report narrated by Muslim adds: apart from that of which Allaah has informed you. Remember Paradise in all you do.
8. Call upon Ash-Shakoor, for example a Quranic dua with this Name is:
And they will say, Praise to Allah, who has removed from us [all] sorrow. Indeed, our Lord is Forgiving and Appreciative. [al Faatir 35:34] The Prophet sallaahu alayhi wa sallam said:
Allah records good and bad deeds in this way: If anyone intends to do a good deed, but does not do it, Allah still records it with Him as one full good deed. If he intends a good deed and then carries it out, Allah records it with Him as ten to seven hundred times in reward or even increases it many times more. If anyone intends to do a bad deed but does not actually do it, Allah records it with Him as one full good deed. If he intends to do a bad deed and does it, Allah records it with Him as only one bad deed. [Al Bukhaari]
This shows who Allah is. How He is Ash-shaakir and Ash-shakoor for good deeds. Good deeds are multiplied without limit. Ibn Qayyim says we should have this siffat of appreciation. We should appreciate the blessings Allah has given us. And to increase in our blessings from Allah, we should do a great amount of ibaadah to appreciate these blessing. Rasoolullah sallalahu alayhi salam stood all night in prayer out of shukr to Allah, we should use the blessings Allah has given us, to worship Him, out of appreciation for giving us these blessings in the first place such as the blessing of hidayah, Islam, Tawheed, Eemaan, the blessing of sight, hearing, intellect etc.
 
Ibn Qayyim: how to show thankfulness.
1) Khudoo – the person who is thanking and appreciating, he submits himself to the one who is giving, i.e Allah.
2) Muhabba – the person has love for Allah
3) shukr – the person acknowledges the blessings Allah has given him
4) Hamd – the person praises Allah for these blessings.
5) Ibaadah – the person uses the blessings Allah gave him in worshipping Allah and staying away from everything He hates and dislikes.
 
Ash Shaakir wash Shukoor and other Names
· Ash-Shaakir comes with the Name Al Aleem. Al Aleem knows everything that happens. And Ash-Shaakir is appreciative for everything. So He knows everything to be appreciated towards.
· Ash-Shukoor comes with Al Haleem. Wallahu shakurun Al Haleem. Allah has given us time after every blessing, to see if we will thank Him and be appreciative or not.
· Allah pairs Ash Shakoor with Al Ghafoor. Allah is extremely appreciative to the one who turns to Allah in tawbah. He conceals the sin. He is the Oft-and-All Forgiving and the Most Appreciative; even if we commit sins we can return to Him for forgiveness and He being appreciative of our tawbah will grant us forgiveness and reward for the good we do.

An Explanation of Allahs Beautiful Names and Attributes part 22

71) Al Ghaafir
This Name of Allah is mentioned in the Qur’an in Surah Ghaafir. Allah says:
The forgiver of sin, acceptor of repentance, severe in punishment, owner of abundance. There is no deity except Him; to Him is the destination. [al Ghaafir 40:3]
 
72) Al Ghafoor 
This Name of Allah Appears in the Qur’an 91 times. The majority of the time it is mentioned with Ar Raheem. For example Allah says:
 
[O Muhammad], inform My servants that it is I who am the Forgiving, the Merciful. [al Hijr 12:49]
Allah also says:
 
The heavens almost break from above them, and the angels exalt [ Allah ] with praise of their Lord and ask forgiveness for those on earth. Unquestionably, it is Allah who is the Forgiving, the Merciful. [ash Shuraa 42:5]
Allah Mentions the Name Al Ghafoor with the Name Al-‘Afuw.
 
For those it is expected that Allah will pardon them, and Allah is ever Pardoning and Forgiving.[an Nisaa 4:99]
Allah also Mentions Al Ghafoor with the Name Al-Azeez
 
And among people and moving creatures and grazing livestock are various colors similarly. Only those fear Allah , from among His servants, who have knowledge. Indeed, Allah is Exalted in Might and Forgiving. [al Faatir 35:28]
 
73) Al Ghaffaar
This Name of Allah appears in the Qu’ran five times. For example Allah says:
 
He created the heavens and earth in truth. He wraps the night over the day and wraps the day over the night and has subjected the sun and the moon, each running [its course] for a specified term. Unquestionably, He is the Exalted in Might, the Perpetual Forgiver [az Zumar 39:5]
Linguistic meaning:
All these Names come from the root word gha-fa-ra which means something that covers, veil, conceal, hide and something that shields. Also to pardon, forgive, set aright.
 
Shar’ee meaning:
Al Khattabi says: they are Names by which Allah forgives His slaves for the sins they have committed. But in particular, Allah through these Names conceals the sins. The believer will not be able to see it, neither will anyone of the creation. On Yawmal qiyyamah Allah will conceal the sins so it will not be able to be seen on our scrolls. -Ghaafir is the Name that is given to the One that conceals one sin -Ghaffaar is the exaggerated form, One that covers many sins -Ghafoor has the meaning of conceal and has the meaning of removing completely because Allah mentions Al-‘Afuw with Al-Ghafoor. Al ‘Afuw means to remove completely.
Az Zujaji says: the meaning of the gha-far of Allah, is that He covers the sins of His slaves, so they are not frightened or upset or hurt when they see their sins.
Both ghafoor and ghaffaar refer to the concept of maghfirah. Al-Ghaffaar refers to the fact that Allah forgives repeatedly (the quantity) whereas the Name Al-Ghafoor points to the extent of His forgiveness (the quality). Allah‘s Name Al-Ghafoor does not just mean that He forgives us; He also protects and shields us from the consequences of our own actions. He does maghfirah— He covers our sins while being fully aware of what they are. His perfect forgiveness is truly a sign of His ultimate mercy for us. Our scrolls of deeds and our own self will be placed on the scales on yawmal qiyyamah to be weighed.
 
Benefits we can learn from these Names
 
1. Seek forgiveness to increase your blessings. Allah says:
And [Nuh] said, ‗Ask forgiveness of your Lord. Indeed, He is ever a Perpetual Forgiver.‘ [Nuh 71:10]
What will happen if you ask for forgiveness? Al-Ghaffaar will increase your blessings.
He will send [rain from] the sky upon you in [continuing] showers.
And give you increase in wealth and children and provide for you gardens and provide for you rivers. [Nuh 71:11-12] So next time you want something, increase in seeking forgiveness (or istighfaar).
2. Allah being Al-Ghafoor, Al-Ghaffar and Al-Ghaafir, He has concealed the sins of the believers so a person will not be able to see them. If a person makes sincere repentance to Allah, Alah will conceal His sins, shielding it from the eyes of creation so it will be as if you don’t have the sin. When the scrolls are released, you will not be able to see that sin on your scrolls. It will have been covered by Al-Ghafoor.
 
3. A person can repent for a sin, and follow it up with good deeds. Allah says:
And establish prayer at the two ends of the day and at the approach of the night. Indeed, good deeds do away with misdeeds. That is a reminder for those who remember. [al Hud 11: 114] Have taqwa of Allah wherever you may be, and follow up a bad deed with a good deed which will wipe it out, and behave well towards the people.” [At-Tirmidhi].
4. A Muslim will not despair from the mercy of Allah. Knowing that He has a Lord that is forgiving. So he should ask forgiveness in this life, before death. After that the doors of repentance shuts. Allah has promised forgiveness for the one who asks for it in the dunya. Allah doesn’t forgive shirk if a person dies on it, but if one repents after committing it in his lifetime, then Allah will forgive him. A characteristic of a true believer is that he or she never despairs. We don‘t despair in the help of Allah azza wa jall and we don‘t despair in His mercy and forgiveness. This means that whenever we commit a bad deed– and because we are humans, we will sin– we don‘t let it get us down but rather fight back by turning to Al-Ghafoor straight away and following up our sin with a good deed.
No sin is too great for Allah’s forgiveness. A believer should know that His Lord is a Forgiving One. He is Haleem, He is Afuw, He is Ghafoor. Call upon Al-Ghafoor when you do wrong to others or even to yourself, no matter how big or small the sin is. You can start your dua‘ with this beautiful Name. Always ask Him to do maghfirah on you (to cover up and forgive your bad deeds) and never give up asking. At the same time, never think of how big or little a sin is, think about the greatness of the One you are disobeying.
5. Train yourself to be forgiving. Think of the forgiveness of Al-Ghafoor and be inspired to adopt a habit of being forgiving in your daily life. Always try to go to sleep with a heart clean of grudges. Hamdun al-Qassar, one of the great early Muslims, said: If a friend among your friends errs, make seventy excuses for them. If your hearts are unable to do this, then know that the shortcoming is in your own selves. [Bayhaqee] Always give others the benefit of the doubt, making excuses for them and never hunting for others‘ mistakes.
6. Cover the faults of others. Abu Hurairah, may Allah be pleased with him, reported: The Prophet sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said:
Allah will cover up on the Day of Resurrection the defects (faults) of the one who covers up the faults of the others in this world [Muslim]. Do you know what Allah Al-Ghafoor will give you for covering up the faults and shortcomings of others in this world? He loves this quality so much that He‘ll forgive your sins and not call you to account for your sins. If at all He will do so, He will not do it publicly so that you‘re not embarrassed before others.
 
7. Don‘t expose yourself. The Prophet sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam said:
Every one of my followers will be forgiven except those who expose (openly) their wrongdoings. An example of this is that of a man who commits a sin at night which Allah has covered for him, and in the morning, he would say (to people): I committed such and such sin last night, while Allah had kept it a secret. During the night Allah has covered it up but in the morning he tears up the cover provided by Allah Himself. [Al-Bukhari and Muslim]
We should never like to express our sins and sin openly. Never talk to others about your sins.
8. Give thanks. Reflect on the fact that Al-Ghaffaar veils your sins and bad deeds for others again and again, and thank Him for this blessing.
9. Follow the examples in the Quran and Sunnah. Look for the Quranic supplications for forgiveness Al-Ghaffaar blessed you with and use them when you ask for His maghfirah, for example:
Indeed there was a party of My servants who said; Our Lord, we have believed, so forgive us and have mercy upon us, and You are the best of the merciful. [al Muminoon 23:109] Study the ways the Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam used to seek forgiveness by using the morning and evening adhkaar (remembrance) to be found in the book of supplications Hisnul Muslim (Fortress of the Muslim). Examples are daily invocations like: ghufraanaka when you exit the toilet, saying astaghfirullah wa atoobu ilayk more than 70 times a day. Our beloved Rasoolullah sallalahu alayhi wassalam used to seek Allah’s forgiveness more than 70 times a day (in another narration 100 times), and he had all his sins forgiven by Allah, so what is the state of ourselves? We should be seeking forgiveness from Allah countless times a day! The following hadith shows the mercy of Allah and the vastness of His forgiveness. How can we not seek Allah’s forgiveness when we are in need of it, as we fall into sin day and night?
Narrated Abu Huraira: I heard the Prophet saying, “If somebody commits a sin and then says, ‘O my Lord! I have sinned, please forgive me!’ and his Lord says, ‘My slave has known that he has a Lord who forgives sins and punishes for it, I therefore have forgiven my slave (his sins).’ Then he remains without committing any sin for a while and then again commits another sin and says, ‘O my Lord, I have committed another sin, please forgive me,’ and Allah says, ‘My slave has known that he has a Lord who forgives sins and punishes for it, I therefore have forgiven my slave (his sin). Then he remains without committing any other sin for a while and then commits another sin (for the third time) and says, ‘O my Lord, I have committed another sin, please forgive me,’ and Allah says, ‘My slave has known that he has a Lord Who forgives sins and punishes for it I therefore have forgiven My slave (his sin), he can do whatever he likes.” [Al Bukhari]
 
Al Ghafoor, wal Ghaffaar and other Names
· Allah has mentioned Ghaffaar with Azeez. Why does He say Azeezur Ghafaar? He is so powerful (Azeez) that He can forgive all sins. There is nothing that He can’t forgive and Him being Al Ghafoor is a sign of Him being Azeez. Characteristic of Him being merciful and forgiving is a sign of His Power.
· Allah also mentions Al Ghafoor with Ash Shakoor. The benefit here is that the believers should thank Allah for the ability He has given us to turn back to Him and ask for His forgiveness and they should be thankful for Allah concealing their sins.
· Allah mentions Al Ghafoor with Al Haleem. He has delayed the time for punishment out of Him being Haleem (forbearing and tolerant) so we can ask for forgiveness, and Him being Ghafoor, He will forgive us if we repent to Him.
· Allah mentions Al Ghafoor with Al Wadood. These Names are mentioned together because Allah loves to forgive and He hopes to forgive His slaves.
· One of the most common pairs is Allah‘s Name Al-Ghafoor combined with Ar-Raheem, which is repeated 72 times in the Qur’an, demonstrating that He covers our sins because He is so merciful to us. An example of this beautiful combination is in one of the most hope-giving, heart-comforting ayaat in the Quran. Al-Ghafoor Himself says:
Say, O My servants who have transgressed against themselves [by sinning], do not despair of the mercy of Allah. Indeed, Allah forgives all sins. Indeed, it is He who is the Forgiving, the Merciful. [az Zumar 39:53]
Look and reflect! Instead of saying: O, you sinners! look at how gently Al-Ghafoor addresses us by saying yaa ‘eebaadee, O My servants….Alhamdulillah; we have a Lord who is intensely forgiving and merciful to us who doesn’t forsake us even when we are drowning in sin. Side note: A minor sin can become a major one, when a person no longer feels remorse when doing it. Fear minor sins over major as when a person commits a major sin, it is usually acknowledged to be a major sin and hence one can seek forgiveness for it and repent. But as for minor sins, because a person may view it as something trivial, there is the fear that they will keep on doing it.
74) Al ‘Afuww
This Name of Allah I mentioned in the Qu’ran 5 times. For exmaple Allah says:
O you who have believed, do not approach prayer while you are intoxicated until you know what you are saying or in a state of janabah, except those passing through [a place of prayer], until you have washed [your whole body]. And if you are ill or on a journey or one of you comes from the place of relieving himself or you have contacted women and find no water, then seek clean earth and wipe over your faces and your hands [with it]. Indeed, Allah is ever Pardoning and Forgiving. [an Nisaa 4:43]
Allah also says:
 
If [instead] you show [some] good or conceal it or pardon an offence – indeed, Allah is ever Pardoning and Competent. [an Nisaa 4:149]
 
Linguistic meaning:
It has 3 meanings
1) To forgive and pardon.
2) to efface and remove, to wipe away.
3) To give something an abundant growth, give willingly and more than it is due.
 
Shar’ee meaning:
At Tabbari says: Allah removes and wipes away the sins and He wipes away and removes all consequences for that sin in this dunya and aakirah so that a person doesn’t have that deed at all. It doesn’t exist anymore. Rasoolullah sallalahu alayhi wassalam said:
Regret is repentance and the one who repents is like one who did not sin [Saheeh Jaami’ as Sagheer]
Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah (may Allah have mercy on him) said: The one who repents from sin is like one who did not sin, and if the sin is removed, then the punishment and consequences are also removed. End quote from Sharh al-‗Umdah (4/39)
Ibn al-Qayyim (may Allah have mercy on him) said: Allah, may He be exalted, makes the one who repents from sin like the one who did not sin. So whoever meets Him having repented sincerely, He will not punish him for that from which he has repented. End quote from I‗laam al-Muwaqqi‗een (3/115)
He also said: Allah, may He be glorified, has guaranteed to the one who repents from shirk (associating others with Allah), murder and zina (fornication or adultery) that He will turn his bad deeds into good deeds. This is a general ruling which applies to everyone who repents from sin. He also said: As the one who repents from sin is like the one who did not sin, and the effect of sin is erased by repentance, then it becomes as if it never happened.
By the Name Afuww, if you make tawbah then it will be as if you never sinned. For example Allah will make someone pure again after commiting zina if they repent to Allah. Allah Wipes away the sin, the consequences of the sin and the punishment of that sin. He is the One who can make any sin or mistake disappear. Al-Afuww not only forgives but can also remove wrong actions, errors, and faults, leaving no trace of them. He can eliminate them completely.
Afuww also means abundant growth. Ibn Qayyim says: as for afuwun regarding abundant growth, afuww doesn’t just mean to remove or wipe away, but it also means to multiple, to give a great growth. This means for example, on one side of a scale is placed a person’s bad deeds and on the other side is placed a person’s good deeds. If the good deeds are held back by the weight of the bad deeds, once these sins are completely removed and taken away, the good deeds become stronger and weighs heavier on the scales. By Allah being Al Afuww, He gets the bad deeds and after a person makes tawbah for them, He removes them and then puts them on the other side of the scale. So his good deeds become even stronger, multiplied and abundant. Now it has both the weight of the good deeds and the bad deeds that were turned into good deeds. This is the meaning of Afuww. When a person turns to Allah with this Name, Allah forgives him a great type of forgiveness whereby He doesn’t just conceal but He removes the sins entirely and then changes the evil deeds to good deeds.
 
Al ‘Afuww and other Names:
· The Name Afuww comes with the Name Al Ghafoor. The benefit here is, due to Allah’s immense rahma and Him being Ar Ra’oof, He conceals the removing of the sin. So the slave doesn’t feel upset or feel the pain of seeing his sin. So on Yawmal qiyyamah, the sin won’t even be there.
· The Name Afuww has been mentioned with Qadeer. Qadeer is the One who decrees, so Allah mentioned Afuww with Qadeer because one of the ways the Qadr is preserved is by the angels writing down everything. The reason why Allah mentions Afuww with Qadeera is because, that which Allah does when He is Afuww is He removes the sin, so now He tells the angels to wipe off the sin off the record, as if the sin never happened. The angels are made to write it on the good deeds.
Difference between forgiving and pardoning.
Of the five times, Allah‘s Name Al-‗Afuww is mentioned, four times it is with His Name Al-Ghafoor (The Forgiving) in the Quran. Allah azza wa jall might forgive some people and pardon others. Forgiving means that Allah azza wa jall conceals our sins and mistakes and we will not be punished for them on the Day of Judgement. However, they are still there in our book of deeds. When Allah pardons the sins of people, the sins are completely erased from their book of deeds; He will not even remind them of their sins, nor question them, simply because their sins have been removed. Pardon is greater than forgiveness.
Benefits we can learn from this Name
1. Pardon others. The people who suppress anger and pardon others are the people of Paradise. Al-Afuww says:
Who spend [in the cause of Allah] during ease and hardship and who restrain anger and who pardon the people – and Allah loves the doers of good [ale Imran 3:134]
Ibn Katheer mentions: They forgive those who treat them with injustice. Therefore, they do not hold any ill feelings about anyone in their hearts, and this is the most excellent conduct in this regard. Strive to pardon others so that Allah azza wa jall may pardon you.
2. Don‘t remind others of their mistakes. Al-Afuww is the One who pardons with no reproach. After overlooking other people‘s mistakes or wrong actions towards you, try not to remind them of these bad deeds afterwards. Allah azza wa jall is the One who pardons and never mentions your sins again.
3. Increase your love for Allah. Imagine Allah azza wa jall pardoned all your past sins; not a single sin would be recorded in our book of deeds. This shows how much we should love Al-‗Afuww.
4. Say this dua from your heart. A beautiful dua with this Name is the one the Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam taught Aishah radiyallahu anhaa, when she asked him: O Messenger of Allah! If I find the Night of Al-Qadr what should I say? He sallallahu ‗alayhi wa sallam replied, say: O Allah! Verily You are the Oft-Pardoning, You love to pardon, so pardon me [Ahmad, At-Tirmidhee, An-Nasaa‘i, Ibn Majah]. Memorise this dua and beg Al-Afuww with is sincerely. Recognise your sins, be humble and then aim high, not only asking your Lord for forgiveness, but for Him to pardon each and every sin you committed.
75) At Tawwaab 
This Name of Allah is mentioned in the Qu’ran 11 times. 9 of these times it is mentioned with Ar Raheem, once with Al Hakeem and once by itself. Allah says:
Then Adam received from his Lord [some] words, and He accepted his repentance. Indeed, it is He who is the Accepting of repentance, the Merciful. [al Baqarah 2:37]
 
And if not for the favour of Allah upon you and His mercy… and because Allah is Accepting of repentance and Wise. [an Nur 24:10]
 
Then exalt [Him] with praise of your Lord and ask forgiveness of Him. Indeed, He is ever Accepting of repentance. [an Nasr 110:3]
 
Lingustic Meaning: 
The ta, waw and ba mean to turn back, to return. When a person makes tawbah for a sin it means he has returned back to Allah.
 
Shar’ee Meaning:
At Tabbari says: At Tawwaab is the One who turns to the one who turns to Allah. When a person seeks forgiveness from Allah by turning to Him – realises that he has committed a sin and that he no longer wants to do so anymore. Allah through His Name At Tawwaab turns to His slave and He forgives the sin. Allah then goes back to giving him the provisions for his heart, for his eemaan and the provisions that he is now preparing for him in the aakirah. When a person has repented to Allah, and has thrown away the weight of sin by meeting the conditons of tawbah, when this person came back to Allah, Allah came back to him. Allah shows His ‘Afw to him, removes his sin and puts it on the side of good. He changed the darkness in the person’s heart that was caused from the sin, to the light of Islam. Allah turns towards His slaves, when they turn towards Him.
Conditions of tawbah – all of these must be met for tawbah to be valid
1) Feel regret and remorse for committing the sin.
2) Make tawbah to Allah by asking for forgiveness.
3) To prevent any possible way to fall into the same sin again.
4) If the sin included taking the rights of another Muslim, you must return their right to them.
Al-Qaari (may Allah have mercy on him) said: It should be understood that if repentance meets all the required conditions, then it will undoubtedly be accepted and result in forgiveness, because Allah, may He be exalted, says:
And He it is Who accepts repentance from His servants and pardons misdeeds, and He knows what you do. [ash-Shuraa 42:25]. And it is not possible for Him to break His promise. End quote from Mirqaat al-Mafaateeh (4/1337). A sign that Allah has accepted a person’s tawbah is that after making tawbah, the person follows it up with a good deed. Also generally if a good deed is followed up with another good deed, it is a sign that the deed has been accepted.
 
Benefits we can take from this Name
1. To have Muhabbah of Allah. We turn back to Allah and have hope in Allah’s mercy.
And those who, when they commit an immorality or wrong themselves [by transgression], remember Allah and seek forgiveness for their sins – and who can forgive sins except Allah ? – and [who] do not persist in what they have done while they know. [ale Imran 3: 135]
 
2. Have Hayaa of Allah, being shy, feeling ashamed and embarrassed to sin in front of a Lord who is so compassionate and merciful. Allah has given us so many blessings which we can’t even enumerate, He is forbearing and tolerant; but we still sin. So the benefit of knowing the Names of Allah that are to do with forgiveness and mercy, is to have hayaa with regards to sinning. Rasooluallah sallalahu alayhi wassalam said:
From the words of the previous Prophets that people still find is if you feel no shame then do as you wish. [Bukhari]. When a person acknowledges the blessings of Allah upon us such as sight, hearing, tongue, etc then they would be shy and ashamed to sin using that very blessing.
3. To increase in repentance. Always turn back to At Tawwaab after sinning. Hasten to repent after committing a sin, major or minor and know that no sin is too great for Allah to forgive. Allah is greater than everything. Allah forgives the one who repents after committing the most gravest of sins which is shirk. Allah says:
O you who have believed, repent to Allah with sincere repentance. Perhaps your Lord will remove from you your misdeeds and admit you into gardens beneath which rivers flow [on] the Day when Allah will not disgrace the Prophet and those who believed with him. Their light will proceed before them and on their right; they will say, “Our Lord, perfect for us our light and forgive us. Indeed, You are over all things competent.” [at Tahrim 66:8]
4. Practice the sunnah of salatul tawbah.
Abu Bakr al-Siddeeq (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: I heard the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) say: There is no one who commits a sin then purifies himself well and stands and prays two rak‘ahs, then asks Allaah for forgiveness, but Allaah will forgive him. Then he recited this verse: And those who, when they have committed Faahishah (illegal sexual intercourse) or wronged themselves with evil, remember Allaah and ask forgiveness for their sins; and none can forgive sins but Allaah and do not persist in what (wrong) they have done, while they know‘ [Aal ‗Imraan 3:135]. [Abu Dawood] Abu‘l-Darda‘ (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: I heard the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) say:The one who does wudoo‘ and does it well, then stands and prays two rak‘ahs or four (one of the narrators was uncertain), in which he remembers Allaah and focuses well, then asks Allaah for forgiveness, He will forgive him. [Ahmad] So next time you sin, perform wudu and stand up in salah, in sincere repentance to Allah.
 
At Tawwaab and other Names
Allah mentions the Name At Tawwaab with Ar Raheem. The reason for the coupling of these Names is because it is from Allah’s rahma that He allows us to turn back to Him in repentance. If Allah didn’t have mercy on us and if He didn’t give us the ability and the desire to repent to Him, we would not have been able to do so. It is from the mercy of Allah that we can turn back to Him subhana wa ta’alaa.
 
All the Names of forgiveness and mercy are interlinked.
Allah is Ar Raoof – ash shaddur rahma – the One who is severe in His rahma. Raoof is linked to something that is eternally merciful and peaceful whereas rahma could be linked to something we dislike and which can cause us hardship or pain. When a slave turns to Allah and raises his hands making du’a and repenting, he has come to Allah at a time which Allah has given him through the Name Al Haleem, because Allah allows him time to make tawbah after his sin. He is calling upon Ar Raoof – the One who is compassionate more compassionate and has greater mercy than the Name Ar Raheem. Therefore when a person makes tawbah and turns to Allah for forgiveness:
· Allah by being Al Haleem, gives him that opportunity and time to return back to Him.
· The slave turns to Allah so At Tawwaab turns to him and begins to accept his repentance.
· Then Allah further blesses him with the Name Al Barr, allowing him to continue in the goodness such as continue making tawbah more sincerely and following it up with good deeds.
· Allah then turns to him with the Name Al Ghafoor; He hides the sin so that no one can see it. He conceals it in dunya and aakirah.
· Then through His Name Al Afuww, He eliminates/destroys the sin thereby removing it completely. Affuwan qadeer – Al Afuww takes the sin and removes it from the qadar, so that it no longer exists on the scrolls.
· Allah by being Al Afuww gives abundant growth by removing the sin and turning it into a good deed, thus growing the side of good deeds.
· Then when the slave turns to Allah even more, Allah by the Name At Tawwaab turns to him once more by showing the siffat of Al Wadood, He begins to love him – Indeed Allah loves those who turn to Him in repentance. And Allah hopes to reward him with jannah, and to meet him in jannah, just as we hope to see Allah in Jannah.

An Explanation of Allahs Beautiful Names and Attributes part 21

68) Ar Raoof
This Name of Allah appears in the Qu’ran 10 times. For example Allah says:
And thus we have made you a just community that you will be witnesses over the people and the Messenger will be a witness over you. And We did not make the qiblah which you used to face except that We might make evident who would follow the Messenger from who would turn back on his heels. And indeed, it is difficult except for those whom Allah has guided. And never would Allah have caused you to lose your faith. Indeed Allah is, to the people, Kind and Merciful. [al Baqarah 2:143]
Do you not see that Allah has subjected to you whatever is on the earth and the ships which run through the sea by His command? And He restrains the sky from falling upon the earth, unless by His permission. Indeed Allah , to the people, is Kind and Merciful.
[al Hajj 22:65]
From the 10 times the Name Ar Ra’oof is mentioned, 8 of these times Allah mentions it with the Name Ar Raheem. One time it is Raoofun bil ‘ibaad and one time it is Raoof by itself.
Lingustic meaning:
Rafa means compassion. It is a greater from of mercy than Rahma. Rafa ash shaddu rahma. The term Ra‘oof means tender affection, the highest mercy and compassion, the upper limit of ar-Raheem. The meaning is similar to Ar-Raheem, but focuses on the utmost tenderness, kindness and affection, which accompanies the outpouring of mercy and compassion.
Linguistically, ra‘fa refers to the tenderness, kindness, and affection with which Allah azza wa jall bestows mercy on us.
Al Qurtabi mentions that when a person is stoned to death or lashed for a sin, this is a rahma for him not a rafa because it still brings him pain and hurt, but its a means for forgiveness. Ra‘fa is that which would not bring with it pain or hardship Ra’fa is a means of attaining forgiveness of Allah, without one feeling any difficulty or hardship. This is why they say ra’fah is greater then rahma.
Shar’ee meaning:
Ibn Jarir at-Tabbari says: Allah has the greatest form of ra‘fa (compassion), more greater and higher and mightier than rahma. Ra‘fa is a type of mercy and compassion that Allah sends to dunya and saved in the aaikrah for all the people He loves and He compassionately waters them with His mercy, without them being hurt, or upset or disliking anything.
Al-Ghazali mentioned that Ar-Raoof has pity, and that pity is the intensification of mercy. It has the same meaning as Raheem though in a more intense form. Ar-Raoof is the One who bestows pity and mercy on us in many different forms, including warnings and withholding, for us to be guided to success in this world and the next.
Al Khattabi says: it could be that rahma is obtained for a benefit with some hardship. e.g. if someone has the huddod applied to him for any sin committed, even though it will be painful and hard, it is a rahma and the benefit is that they will not be punished in the aakirah for that sin. As for Ra’fa, it can never be obtained through hardship or difficulty.
How can we understand the concept of ra‘fa and the concept of rahma (mercy)? After a calamity hits us, Ar-Raheem has mercy on us. Ra‘fa refers to Allah azza wa jall taking care of us and warning us so that we can protect ourselves from His own punishment. Ar-Raoof says:
The Day every soul will be find what it has done of [present] before it and what it has done of evil, it will wish that between itself and that [evil] was a great distance. And Allah warns you of Himself and Allah is kind to (His) slaves [ale Imran 3:30]
How merciful is this? Ar-Raoof warns us how to avoid His punishment out of pure kindness and affection, by sending us prophets and messengers for advice, by sending us the Quran and guiding our hearts when we turn to Him.
Benefits we can learn from this Name
1. When Allah decreed to change the qiblah from Masjid Al Aqsa to Masjid Al Haraam – Al Ka’bah, the sahabah were worried if all their previous ibaadah would still be counted or not. So they asked Rasoolullah sallalahu alayhi wassalam concerning this and Allah revealed the ayah from al Baqarah which is mentioned above. At the end of it Allah says; And never would Allah have caused you to lose your faith. Indeed Allah is, to the people, Kind and Merciful. So whenever a person does an action for the sake of Allah, trying his best to get closer to Allah, and to follow the sunnah of Rasoolullah, even though he might make some mistakes or fall short in something, but Allah from the Name Ar-Raoof, Allah will accept that action as though it was done perfectly. For example it is better for a person who is travelling to not pray the sunnah of rawatib (except the 2 before fajr as Rasoolullah sallalahu alayhi wassalam didn’t leave these even whilst travelling) even though one may not want to miss it, it is upon them to take the concession Allah has given them as it is a for of mercy in itself. But if you are someone who prays the Sunnah of rawatib regularly,Allah being Ar Raoof, if you will make it count as if you had prayed them. So not only do you get the reward for not praying them whilst travel (as its from the sunnah to leave them during travel) but you also get the reward as if you had prayed them. Another example is of a person who embraced Islam later on in life. All the bad actions that they done before accepting Islam, Allah forgives them, and changes their bad deeds into good deeds, Allahu akbar! Allah says:
And those who do not invoke with Allah another deity or kill the soul which Allah has forbidden [to be killed], except by right, and do not commit unlawful sexual intercourse. And whoever should do that will meet a penalty. Multiplied for him is the punishment on the Day of Resurrection, and he will abide therein humiliated – Except for those who repent, believe and do righteous work. For them Allah will replace their evil deeds with good. And ever is Allah Forgiving and Merciful. [al Furqaan 25: 68-70]
SubhanaAllah, if you see in the aforementioned ayat, Allah states three grave sins of shirk, murder and zina but says that He will accept the repentance of the one who repents from these sins and would change their evil deeds into good. Then what about for one who repents from sins that do not reach the level of shirk? Allah is truly Ar-Raoof to His slaves.
2. Every command has a reward attached to it. Every bad deed a person commits, and hasn’t made tawbah for and commits them without having any regret then he will lose the corresponding reward Allah has prepared for that bad deed. For example Allah has prohibited alcohol so for the one who stays away from it, Allah will give him a river of wine. The one who drinks it without regret, this person will lose out of this reward and will also be punished with the drinks of hellfire such as boiling water and oil. In Surah An Nur Allah begins by speaking about zina, then adultery, then He mentions the commandment of lowering the gaze and directly after that He says Allahu noorus-samaawaati wal ardh – Allah is the light of the heavens and the earth. Ibn Qayyim says; the reward on yawmal qiyyamah for those who lowered their gazes, is that after Allah has thrown the munafiqeen in the hellfire, He will bring those who used to lower their gazes and tell them to raise their gaze, and they will lift their gaze and see the face of Allah. This is reward of the one who lowers their gaze. One who gazes on that which is unlawful, will lose out the reward of the one who lowers their gaze.
3. Allah from His Name being Ar Raoof, He has sent down the Qur’an and He has taken people out of darkness into the light of Islam. Allah says:
It is He who sends down upon His Servant [Muhammad] verses of clear evidence that He may bring you out from darknesses into the light. And indeed, Allah is to you Kind and Merciful. [al Hadeed 57: 9]
This is from the greatest compassion and greatest mercy that Allah has given us. Ask Allah to make your heart tender to His reminder, the Qur’an.
4. Embody the characteristic of rafa yourself. Allah being Ar Raoof forgives sins, He is compassionate to the believers. We should also learn about the compassion of Rasoolullah sallalahu alayhi wassalam and we should embody this characteristic of rafa in ourselves and show compassion to others. Ar-Raoof described the Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam as ra‘oofun raheem:
There has certainly come to you a Messenger from among yourselves. Grievous to him is what you suffer; [he is] concerned over you and to the believers is kind and merciful. [at Tawbah, 9:128]
Study the s eerah to learn how the prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam dealt with His companions, family, and even his enemies.
5. Increase your heart in mercy. Be kind to others and handle people‘s feelings with tenderness. Sometimes you are so busy with your own life and your own family and friends that you forget about others. The connection you feel with the Muslim ummah is a mirror for your emaan. Read about the situation of your fellow brothers and sisters around the world and think of ways of how to support them. For example make sure you remember the ummah in your dua.
6. Be proactive. Someone once said: All that time I was waiting for someone to do something about it. Then I realised that someone was me. Ar-Raoof has pity on us and He even warns us on how to avoid His punishment. If you see your brother or sister low in emaan or even going astray, feel concerned for them and advise them with kindness and care. Forbidding evil and enjoining good is a duty upon you; how seriously do you take it?
You are the best nation produced [as an example] for mankind. You enjoin what is right and forbid what is evil and believe in Allah. If only the people of the scripture had believed, it would have been better for them. Among them are believers but most of them are defiantly disobedient. [ale Imran 3:110] Be inspired by the ra‘fa of Allah azza wa jall to help warn and guide others as much as you can.
7. Allah is Raoof throughout all times. Reflect on His ra‘fa and rahman. He is compassionate to His slaves on all occasions, in all moments. This shows the believers that throughout the whole time that Allah has allowed him to continue living, know that Allah is the One who is compassionate, despite falling back into sin over and over again, Allah is still Ar Raoof, and He has Ra‘fa that is greater than His Rahma.
8. Ask Ar-Raoof. Ar-Raoof mentions a beautiful supplication in the Qur’an, using this Name:
And [there is a share for] those who came after them, saying, Our Lord, forgive us and our brothers who preceded us in faith and put not in our hearts [any] resentment toward those who have believed. Our Lord, indeed You are Kind and Merciful. [al Hashr 59:10]
68) Al Wadood
This Name of Allah appears in the Qu’ran twice. Allah says:
And ask forgiveness of your Lord and then repent to Him. Indeed, my Lord is Merciful and Affectionate.[Hud 11:90]
Allah also says:
 
And He is the Forgiving, the Affectionate, [al Buruj 85:14]
 
Lingustic Meaning:
It consist of 2 meanings
1) Al Habb – to love
2) Tamana – to hope/yearn for, wishful thinking
 
Shar’ee meaning:
Ibn Jarir at Tabbari says; He is the One that possesses love, for the one that turns to Him, He loves Him a great love, a pure, perfect love.
The concept of love in the Arabic language is described by different words, hubb and wudd are examples of them. Hubb is the inner-feeling of love for someone, whereas Wudd is an intense, consistent affection as it is expressed in actions and conduct.
Wadood is from the fa‘ool pattern which in Arabic grammar points to intensity and continuity. Allah is Al-Wadood; His love is intense, continuous and translates into the blessings, favours, mercy, guidance and forgiveness He gives to His slaves.
Ibn Qayyim says Allah being Al-Wadood is of 2 types.
1) He is the One who loves and shows the siffat of love.
2) He is the One who is Loved – Mahboob.
Imam Sa’di says: He is the One that loves His ambiya and loves those that came after them, He loves them a great love, He also loves the pious. Allah also fills the hearts with the love of Him until He makes people love Him, makes the tongues praise Him and makes the actions worship Him. He loves those that love Him. The hope of Allah wanting to see the righteous slaves of Allah, is professed in the Name Al Wadood. Allah doesn’t want to punish us, He has written for Himself rahma, He has opened the doors of rahma, He has a number of Names that are associated with rahma. The reason why He does this is so that He can give us the reward that He has prepared. He hopes to gives us Jannah, He hopes to give us an eternal life of bliss, He hopes to give us palaces under which rivers flow. He wants to meet His righteous slave, He wants to meet ahlul Jannah. Why does Allah say Al-Ghafoor Al-Wadood? Sometimes a person may forgive someone he dislikes but there is nothing like Allah when He forgives, He Loves you as if you had not committed the sin.
 
Benefits we can learn from this Name
1. To have muhabba of Allah instilled in our hearts, a love that is haqeeqi/real a love that is embodied in wanting to worship Allah. When a person loves Allah, how can this be tested? See how close He is to the by doing the actions that Allah loves and staying away from the actions Allah hates. Narrated Anas bin Malik (RadhiAllahu ‘anhu), The Prophet sallalahu alayhi wassalam said: “Whoever possesses the following three qualities will taste the sweetness of faith: The one to whom Allah and His Apostle become dearer than anything else, The one who loves a person and he loves him only for Allah’s sake. The one who hates to revert to disbelief (Atheism) after Allah has brought (saved) him out from it, as he hates to be thrown in fire.” [Al Bukhari]
Love Al-Wadood above everything and anyone. Al-Wadood says:
Say, [O Muhammad], If your fathers, your sons, your brothers, your wives, your relatives, wealth which you have obtained, commerce wherein you fear decline, and dwellings with which you are pleased are more beloved to you than Allah and His Messenger and jihad in His cause, then wait until Allah executes His command. And Allah does not guide the defiantly disobedient people. [at Tawbah 9:24] This ayah is a great reminder pinpointing all the things we tend to love over Allah and His messenger and in how doing so, can leave us open to the punishment and wrath of Allah. We seek refuge in Allah from that.
2. We have extremely strong hope in the mercy of Allah. If Allah describes Himself as somebody that has a hope to see us and save us from hellfire and to give us Jannah, then we are talking about a Lord that is filled with mercy, a Lord that is compassionate, a Lord that takes care of His slaves. This gives us really strong hope and a mighty thought. Believers should have husn al dhann – good thought/thinking of Allah.
3. Our hearts are filled with tranquillity in remembering a Lord who possesses the siffat of Love. He loves those who worship Him. Let everyone have an action, that no one knows about except you and Allah. This type of action will be done with pure sincerity, purely for the love of Allah and there will be no room for riyaa.
4. Knowing that the sunnah is something that makes Allah love us. Follow Prophet salallahu ‗alayhi wa sallam. Prove your love for Al-Wadood by sticking to the sunnah of His messenger. The reward: Allah will love and forgive you your sins.
Say: If you love Allah then follow me. Allah will love you and forgive you of your sins. And Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful. [ale Imran 3:31]
How do we get closer to Allah and attain His love? Allah says in a Hadith Qudsi: ―Whosoever shows enmity to someone devoted to Me, I shall be at war with him. My servant draws not near to Me with anything more loved by Me than the religious duties I have enjoined upon him, and My servant continues to draw near to Me with supererogatory works so that I shall love him. When I love him I am his hearing with which he hears, his seeing with which he sees, his hand with which he strikes and his foot with which he walks. Were he to ask [something] of Me, I would surely give it to him, and were he to ask Me for refuge, I would surely grant him it. I do not hesitate about anything as much as I hesitate about [seizing] the soul of My faithful servant: he hates death and I hate hurting him. [al-Bukhari].
Allah mentions many actions and qualities in the Qur’an which He loves. For example Allah says:
And how many a prophet [fought and] with him fought many religious scholars. But they never lost assurance due to what afflicted them in the cause of Allah, nor did they weaken or submit. And Allah loves the steadfast [ale Imran 3:146]
But yes, whoever fulfils his commitment and fears Allah – then indeed, Allah loves those who fear Him. [ale Imran 3:76]
And spend in the way of Allah and do not throw [yourselves] with your [own] hands into destruction [by refraining]. And do good; indeed, Allah loves the doers of good.
[al Baqara 2:195]
Do not stand [for prayer] within it – ever. A mosque founded on righteousness from the first day is more worthy for you to stand in. Within it are men who love to purify themselves; and Allah loves those who purify themselves . [at Tawbah 9:108] There are also some actions and qualities mentioned in ahadith. For example Rasoolullah sallalahu alayhi wassalam said; Allah loves kindness in all matters. [Bukhaari] And: Allah loves the believer who is pious and rich, but does not show off. [Muslim] If we want to be loved by Allah, then we should be of those who do these actions and have these qualities which Allah loves. How to attain the love of Allah? (Ibn Qayyim) 1) Recitation of Qur’an with contemplation and understanding the meaning that Allah has intended. 2) nawafil actions after the compulsory actions. 3) Adhkaar – remembering Allah in every situation, with the tongue, heart, action and mind.
5. Let your love be for the sake of Al-Wadood. Ask yourself for what reasons do you love people? Love people for the sake of Allah subhanahu wa ta‘ala so Al-Wadood, His angels and the people of the earth love you! What an amazing deal. The Prophet sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam said,
When Allah loves a slave, calls out Jibril and says: `I love so-and-so; so love him‘. Then Jibril loves him. After that he (Jibril) announces to the inhabitants of heavens that Allah loves so-and-so; so love him; and the inhabitants of the heavens (the angels) also love him and then make people on earth love him. [Al-Bukhari, Muslim] So mind who you love and love those who fear Allah, love Him and who strive for the good and forbid evil. This is the most beautiful kind of love you can have for another human being, even if you don‘t know them.
69) Al Barr
This Name of Allah appears in the Qu’ran once in regards to being the Name of Allah, however, Allah talks about birr from a characteristic perspective many times. Allah says:
 
Indeed, we used to supplicate Him before. Indeed, it is He who is the Beneficent, the Merciful.” [at Tur 52:28]
 
Lingustic meaning:
Can mean; truthfulness, to make something good, ‘afuw, or lutf, same meaning as lateef, to be dutiful, carry out the rights for example birrul walidayn – goodness/dutiful to parents. Al Birr entails all acts of righteousness and good conduct. [Ibn Hajar al Haytami]
 
Shar’ee meaning:
Ibn Jarir at-Tabbari says: Al Barr means the One who is Lateef to His slaves, the One who helps His slaves, without them knowing who is helping them. Az Zujaji says: Allah is the One who perfects the way for His slaves, and He corrects their affairs and He guides them to the right way. Al Khattabi says: He is the One who is Lateef to His slaves, He perfects for them their ways, and He corrects for them all their affairs. This Name has a similar meaning to Al Lateef and Ar Rauf. Al Barr has all these meanings. Kind, gentle, compassionate, merciful, source of all goodness and kindness Al-Barr is the source of all righteousness, the One from whom every good deed comes. Al-al Qurtabi says: Barr is the One who does not stop His ihsaan because of the sins and disobedience of His slaves.
Ar Raazi says: He is the One who is kind to the wrongdoers, pardons transgression, forgives the sinner, turns to the one who repents to Him, accepts the plea of those who ask Him. He has turned to His slaves with praiseworthy actions and good expectations, while He is the most deserving of them.
Al-Birr versus al-‘ithm
In the sunnah we find a beautiful explanation of what al-birr is and it‘s opposite: al-ithm.
 
A man came asking the Messenger of Allah salallahu ‗alayhi wa sallam about righteousness and sin. So the Prophet said: Righteousness (al-birr) is good behaviour, and sin (al-ithm) is what fluctuates in your chest, and you would hate that the people discovered it about you [At-Tirmidhi]
From the siffat of the Barr of Allah and the ways we can see this siffat of Allah, is looking at all the benefits which are apparent and the benefits which are hidden as Allah is taking care of all the affairs. He is compassionate towards everything and everyone and from His mercy He is correcting the problems of all His slaves.
 
Benefits we can learn from this Name;
All the benefits we learn from the Names Ar Raheem, Ar Rauf and Al Lateef are also applicable to the Name Al Barr.
1. Love Allah and reflect on the blessings He has given us. Love Allah. Allah deserves love that is real, for He is the One that is looking after all of our affairs, correcting our problems and our hardships. He is also showing us lutf, ra’fa and rahma. Allah is Al Barr to His slaves, being Lateef to them, He is correcting them, subtly taking care of all their affairs. of dunya and aakirah and those that are apparent and those that are concealed. Ibn Qayyim says: Allah is Al Barr in the dunya, He takes care of the well being, the strength, the money, the property, the children, He helps them, He takes them out of their problems.
And He gave you from all you asked of Him. And if you should count the favour of Allah, you could not enumerate them. Indeed mankind is [generally] most unjust and ungrateful. [al Ibraheem 14:34]
Everything we have in dunya is from Allah being Al-Barr. He is the one taking care of us. As for the deen, Allah through His Name Al-Barr has granted us, as Mumineen eeman – belief in Him and the tawfeeq to carry out the actions of obedience. From the Name of Al-Barr, Allah being kind and gentle, He rewards us and multiplies our deeds and rewards. Treat your parents and children well. Ibn Umar said: Allah has called them the dutiful‘ (al-Abrar) because they are dutiful (birr) to their parents and children. Just as you have a duty which you owe your parent, so you have a duty which you owe your child. [Al-Bukhari] Make an effort to be a good child to your parents and a good parent to your child.
 
2. Don‘t be hasty.
On the day of `Arafat, the Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam heard a great hue and cry and the beating of camels behind him. So he beckoned to the people with his lash, O people! Be quiet. Hastening is not a sign of righteousness. [Al-Bukhari]
Try to do your daily life activities in a modest manner, for example don‘t walk loudly and hasty on the street in a way you are causing others inconvenience!
3. Ask Al-Barr to guide you to al-birr. A supplication of the sunnah asking for al-birr, is the dua for travelling; make sure you apply it each time you travel!
4. Strive for goodness. Allah being Al Barr, He loves Birr – goodness. Allah says:
Righteousness is not that you turn your faces toward the east or the west, but [true] righteousness is [in] one who believes in Allah , the Last Day, the angels, the Book, and the prophets and gives wealth, in spite of love for it, to relatives, orphans, the needy, the traveler, those who ask [for help], and for freeing slaves; [and who] establishes prayer and gives zakah; [those who] fulfill their promise when they promise; and [those who] are patient in poverty and hardship and during battle. Those are the ones who have been true, and it is those who are the righteous. [al Baqarah 2:177] In the above mentioned ayah, Allah defines what Birr is. It is to:
· Take care of your emaan. The first thing mentioned in the ayah is to have faith and believe in Allah Al-Barr, in the Day He will recompense you according to your good and bad deeds and in the Angels He sends of which some to write down your actions of righteousness and sin. Al-Barr revealed His message to mankind through His books and the prophets, in order to guide you on the path of al-Birr Make sure you study the arkaan ul emaan (the pillars of faith).
· Spend on charity. Straight after emaan Al-Birr mentions spending your money on family and those in need for it. Money sometimes gets dearer to us than anything else, Al-Barr reminds you that spending in His cause is the way to gain al-birr.
· Purify yourself through prayer and zakah. Let your prayer purify you spiritually by learning the meanings of what you say and concentrating on your salah, taking every moment to ask Al-Barr for goodness and righteousness. Give zakah to purify your wealth.
· Keep your promises and speak and act upon the truth. Keep your promises, no matter how big or small, even if it‘s a promise to your sibling to help with homework or promising a sweet to your child. The prophet sallallahu ‗alayhi wa sallam also said:
Truthfulness leads to Al-Birr and Al-Birr leads to Paradise. And a man keeps on telling the truth until he becomes a Siddiq (truthful person). Falsehood leads to Al-Fujur (i.e., wickedness, evil-doing, etc.), and Al-Fujur leads to the (Hell) Fire, and a man keeps on telling lies till he is written as a liar before Allah [Bukhari] Don‘t accept any lies from yourself, not even ―white lies‖ or lying while joking.
· Have sabr. The last thing mentioned in the ayah is to have patiece . Practising patience in hard times is your best training to cultivate al-birr. Next time you go through a test, tell yourself: it‘s all part of a bigger plan. Your vehicle is sabr, on the road of al-birr, leading you to Jannah in shaa Allah.
Ibn Qayyim says on taking from the siffat of Allah’s Name: Allah loves birr. He is the One being Haakim, Al Haakimeen, Al Qaadir – He defines what is good and what is evil. He is the Creator, and He knows exactly what He created and He has taught us what is birr.
70) Al Haleem
This Name of Allah appears in the Qur’an 11 times. For example Allah says:
 
Allah does not impose blame upon you for what is unintentional in your oaths, but He imposes blame upon you for what your hearts have earned. And Allah is Forgiving and Forbearing. [al Baqarah 2:225]
Allah also says:
 
Indeed, those of you who turned back on the day the two armies met, it was Satan who caused them to slip because of some [blame] they had earned. But Allah has already forgiven them. Indeed, Allah is Forgiving and Forbearing. [ale Imran 3:155]
 
Lingustic meaning:
The first meaning is to be forbearing, lenient, tolerant. The second meaning is to be calm and serene and the third meaning is to not be hasty and to exhibit moderation.
 
Shar’ee meaning:
Ibn Jarir at Tabbari says: Haleem means the One who has patience, the One who is forbearing, the One who is lenient. He doesn’t punish His slaves immediately after committing a sin. Al Khattabi says: Al Haleem is the One who delays and postpones His anger for a deed that is deserving of punishment.
Al Ghazali says: Al Haleem observes disobedience to Him, yet anger does not incite Him, nor does wrath seize Him, nor does haste and recklessness move Him to rush to take vengeance even though He is utterly capable of doing so. Imam S’adi says: The reason as to why we don’t find the punishment of Allah happening directly after a person commits a sin is because Allah through the Name Haleem, He grants the sinner, the transgressor a time to repent and He grants him the opportunity to turn back to Allah. He delays his anger and punishment until He decides on a time, not to delay it any longer. Ibn Qayyim says: that Haleem is the Name of Allah, and from the characteristic we find sabr. When a person disobeys Him or angers Him, He is patient. He allows him the time to repent.
Al-Haleem Himself says:
And if Allah were to punish people for what they have earned, He would not leave upon the earth any creature. But He gives them respite for a specified term. [al Faatir 35:45]
Al-Haleem can delay a punishment to give you time to return to Him, seek His forgiveness, and change your ways, because He is forbearing. He can even cancel your punishment altogether.
 
Benefits we can learn from this Name
1. Be grateful for the forbearance of Allah. Allah grants us as Muslims a life after sin. Rasooluallah sallalahu alahyi wassalam said:
Indeed all the children of Adam sin, and the best of those are those who turn back to Allah. [at Tirmidhi]
Through the Name Al Haleem He has given us this time of respite. Ibn Qayyim says this is a benefit we can all take from this Name of Allah. If we live by this Name, whenever someone transgresses us or takes away our rights, we shouldn’t retaliate with anger. We should be tolerant and forbearing. Be forbearing to others: contemplate and practice. The Prophet salallahu ‗alayhi wa sallam said to Ashajj ‗Abdu‘l-Qays: You have two qualities which Allah loves: forbearance and steadiness. [Muslim]
2. Don‘t take advantage of the hilm of Allah. Al-Haleem says to the people who inherited a garden but didn‘t let the poor benefit from it:
Such is the punishment [of this world]. And the punishment of the Hereafter is greater, if they only knew. [al Qalam 68:33] This punishment was a wake-up call for them and a mercy, because they realised their mistake. If Allah had allowed them to do as they wanted, their punishment in the Hereafter would be unforeseen. So know that Al-Haleem has set rules out for you and never take advantage of His forbearance. Therefore it is a Name of hope; that Allah time after time, allows us to turn back to Him. but is is also Name of fear, the fear that the punishment will come to pass if we don’t repent and turn back to Him. Angels write down our good deeds immediately after its done, but the angel on the left shoulder who records the bad deeds waits for a time before writing the bad deeds. Rasoolullah salallahu alayhi wassalam said: The angel on the left does not write down anything until six hours have passed after a Muslim does a bad deed. If he regrets it and asks Allah for forgiveness, he casts it aside [does not write it down], otherwise he writes down one (sayyiah/bad deed). [al-Tabaraani]
3. Show a good example to a sinful person. Never be arrogant to a sinning person and try to advise him gently and by showing a good example. Think to yourself: such a sinful person may, one day, turn to Al-Haleem with sincere repentance and become better and dearer to Allah than I am.
4. Be grateful for the hilm of Allah. Just like you would be grateful to anyone who overlooks your faults and mistakes, recognise the extreme and intense forbearance of Al-Haleem towards you and return to Him after you sin. And as a way of being thankful to al-Haleem for His forbearance, remember to train yourself to be forbearing.
5. Make dua for hilm. Make dua to Al-Haleem, asking Him for His forbearance for yourself and your loved ones. And ask Him to forgive you, because only He can protect you from His justified anger.
6. Allah deserves love. This is yet another Name of Allah that shows His mercy. He has given us an opportunity to turn back to Him after sinning. Everyday we have another opportunity to repent and turn back to Allah. Love Allah for this forbearance He shows you. And hasten to repent to Him everyday for all your sins, big or small.
 
Al Haleem and other Names
· Al Haleem Comes with the Name Al Aleem – by Allah being Al Aleem He knows who has done what and knows who to be forbearing and tolerant to. He knows who has sinned, so knows who deserves the anger, but through the Name Al Haleem, He postpones that anger.
· Al Haleem also comes with the Name Al Ghafoor because He has allowed a sinner to ask for forgiveness and Al Ghafoor is the One who conceals and covers sins.
· Allah also mentions Al Haleem with Al Shakoor. How many of us are thankful to Allah? Ibn Qayyim says: from the best ways of thanking Allah is to thank Him from the heart, the tongue and the limbs. Affirm it in our heart, say it in du’a and show it in our limbs. We should be thankful to Allah for showing us forbearance and allowing us a grace period where we can turn back to Him. Imagine what state we would be in if Allah had punished us immediately for all the sins we commit. Be shy of this hilm Allah shows, and refrain from sinning.

An Explanation of Allahs Beautiful Names and Attributes part 20

60) As Samad
This Name of Allah appears in the Qu’ran once. Allah says:
Allah; the eternal refuge [al Ikhlaas 112:2]
It also appears in a hadith in Tirmidhi.
 
Abu Hurairah narrates that ―I entered the mosque in the company of the blessed Prophet peace be upon him and saw a man who had finished performing prayer and was making the following dua: 
The blessed Prophet peace be upon him claimed ―by his honour in whose hands my life is that person has beseeched his lord through His great name. Whenever a person asks him through His great name he always grants him and whenever he offers a prayer through His great name he accepts it. [At Tirmidhi]
Du’a using Names of Allah are more likely to be accepted, as seen in this hadith.
 
Linguistic meaning:
comes from verb samada. To withstand, remain firm/steadfast, to resist.
 
Shar’ee meaning:
Ibn Jarir at Tabari says: As Samad means, the Master who doesn’t need anything, the One to whom there is no one above, whom there is no one greater and who everyone is in dire need of.
Az Zujaji says: He is the master that withstands, and doesn’t need anything. He is Self sufficient and everything is in dire need of Allah. Ibn Qayyim says: He is the illaah, He is the Lord, As-Sayyid – the Master, the Creator, the One above all, As Samad – the One to whom the entire creation are in need of. He is perfect in His description from every angle, and perfect without their being any single deficiency. Ibn Abbas says: this means the One to whom all creation depends upon for their needs and requests. He is the Master who is perfect in His Sovereignty, the most noble who is perfect in His nobility, the most magnificent, who is perfect in His magnificence, the most forbearing, who is perfect in His forbearance the all knowing, who is perfect in His knowledge, the most wise, who is perfect in His wisdom, He is the One who is perfect in all aspects of nobility and authority. He is Allah, glory be onto Him. These Attributes are not befitting to anyone other than Him. He has no co-equal and nothing is like Him. As Samad is the Master whose control is complete. As Samad doesn’t just mean One who is self sufficient but He is perfect in all the characteristics that He has, Master of every characteristic. So He is the master of rahma, the master of ‘izzah, the master of rizq, the master of hearing, seeing, knowledge etc. He is self sufficient and free of the need of anything. He doesn’t need our ibadah. If the whole world was to disobey Him, it wouldn’t increase or decrease His power or kingdom at all. And if the whole world was to worship Him, how He is meant to be worshipped, again, it would not increase or decrease the glory and power of Allah. He is perfect in everything.
 
On the authority of Abu Dharr al-Ghifaree (may Allah be pleased with him) from the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) from his Lord, that He said:
 
O My servants! I have forbidden dhulm (oppression) for Myself, and I have made it forbidden amongst you, so do not oppress one another. O My servants, all of you are astray except those whom I have guided, so seek guidance from Me and I shall guide you. O My servants, all of you are hungry except those whom I have fed, so seek food from Me and I shall feed you. O My servants, all of you are naked except those whom I have clothed, so seek clothing from Me and I shall clothe you. O My servants, you commit sins by day and by night, and I forgive all sins, so seek forgiveness from Me and I shall forgive you. O My servants, you will not attain harming Me so as to harm Me, and you will not attain benefiting Me so as to benefit Me. O My servants, if the first of you and the last of you, and the humans of you and the jinn of you, were all as pious as the most pious heart of any individual amongst you, then this would not increase My Kingdom an iota. O My servants, if the first of you and the last of you, and the humans of you and the jinn of you, were all as wicked as the most wicked heart of any individual amongst you, then this would not decrease My Kingdom an iota. O My servants, if the first of you and the last of you, and the humans of you and the jinn of you, were all to stand together in one place and ask of Me, and I were to give everyone what he requested, then that would not decrease what I Possess, except what is decreased of the ocean when a needle is dipped into it. O My servants, it is but your deeds that I account for you, and then recompense you for. So he who finds good, let him praise Allah, and he who finds other than that, let him blame no one but himself. [Musim – Hadith Qudsi]
This hadith shows the dire need of the creation on As Samad for everything from guidance to food and clothes and forgiveness for our numerous sins. It also displays the self sufficiency and richness of Allah, whose kingdom does not decrease in the slightest from any act of obedience or disobedience from any of His slaves and from His granting all His slaves their requests. Allahu Akbar.
From the other shar’ee meaning of As Samad is the One in which the creation is in dire need of then without Allah, we are nothing. All of these meanings come from the Name As Samad.
It was written in the Tafsir of Ibn Kathir: In his Book of Salah, Al-Bukhari recorded that Anas said, “A man from the Ansar used to lead the people in prayer in the Masjid of Quba’. Whenever he began a Surah in the recitation of the prayer that he was leading them, he would start by reciting `Say: He is Allah, One’ until he completed the entire Surah. Then he would recite another Surah along with it (after it). And used to do this in every Rak`ah. So his companions spoke to him about this saying; `Verily, you begin the prayer with this Surah. Then you think that it is not sufficient for you unless you recite another Surah as well. So you should either recite it or leave it and recite another Surah instead.’ The man replied, `I will not leave it off. If you want me to continue leading you (in prayer), I will do this; and if you all do not like it, I will leave you (i.e., I will stop leading you).’ They used to consider him to be of the best of them to lead them in prayer and they did not want anyone else to lead them other than him. So, when the Prophet, sallalahu alayhi wasalaam, came they informed him of this information and he said, ‗O so-and-so! What prevents you from doing what your companions are commanding you to do, and what makes you adhere to the recitation of this Surah in every Rak`ah?‘ The man said, `Verily, I love it.’ The Prophet, sallalahu alayhi wasalaam, replied, your love of it will cause you to enter Paradise.‘
This short, but amazingly beautiful and profound surah is a description of Allah Himself, His Oneness, His samad‘yyah and His incomparability. Allah revealed this surah as a powerful answer to the people of Makkah who asked the Prophet salallahu ‗alayhi wa sallam to describe His Lord and His lineage.‘
What is ikhlaas ( sincerity)? It is doing deeds purely for Him and to seek His pleasure, because He is Al-Ahad, the One and Unique. It is turning to Him for our needs and desires and desire Him only, because He is As-Samad, The Eternal and the Satisfier of Needs, and it is to live by the fact that there is no one equal to Him in any of His Attributes.
 
Benefits we can learn from this Name
1. Once a person knows that he is need of Allah, the One who is perfect and has no deficiencies, and he affirms this, then he understands that it is to Him that true muhabba should be shown to. It is Allah that is needed for our life in dunya and our life in aakirah. And once this tarbiyyah is built, then the slave will turn to Allah in everything that he needs and thus a person will build his muhabba. Allah says:
Whatever Allah grants to people of mercy – none can withhold it; and whatever He withholds – none can release it thereafter. And He is the Exalted in Might, the Wise. [al Faatir 35:2]
When Allah grants us a blessing, He grants us something we need from Him being As Samad. And as stated in the ayah, no one from the creation can hold back something that Allah is going to give you.
2. Ta’dheem of Allah – to glorify Allah and to praise Him and to thank Him and to understand who Allah is, for He – As Samad, He has no deficiencies, He is perfect in all His Attributes and characteristics and everything that He does. We glorify Him and He deserves this glory due to His perfection in every single characteristic He has, He deserves true glory and true praise.
3. We attain tawwakul in Allah, who is As Samad. When we are in need of Him for anything we need of the blessings from Him, then let us trust the One who holds the blessings of the dunya in His hands, the One who grants everything.
4. Realise your dependence on Him. One of the meanings of As-Samad is the One who is independent and self-sufficient. A person is not samad. Why do we often act like as if we are independent? Especially during good times when we are healthy and wealthy we tend to forget we are even dependant on As-Samad for the strap of our shoe. So remind yourself daily that you are dependent on Him.
5. Turn to As-Samad in good and bad times and rely on Him, resting assured He is the Eternal Refuge and the One who will satisfy your needs in the way He knows is best for you. If you truly believe in As-Samad, your strongest desire will be to meet Him and your only fear will be that of His displeasure. So strive to be a real servant of Allah. The disbeliever is a slave of his desires, or of fashion, his belly, and his money. So beg Him to decrease the love for this world in your heart, including love of being praised by people, and replace it with a firm desire for His pleasure alone.
 
As Samad and other Names
As Samad appears in the Qu’ran and in the du’a of the sahabi mentioned in the hadith, directly after the Name Al Ahad because there is only One Samad – only One being that is perfect, only One being that everyone else needs, there is only One being that is truly self sufficient and free from any need. Every part of creation needs something else for them to be able to live, regardless how rich that person or thing may seem. The truth is, none from the creation is self sufficient. No creation is perfect in their characteristics. Regardless how wise a person may be, he is not perfect in his wisdom. Regardless how knowledgable a person may be, he is not perfect in his knowledge. Regardless how powerful a person is, there will come a day where he would cease to exist. But Allah is Al Ahad, As Samad. He will always be self sufficient and never in need of or dependent on anything.
61) Ar Raaziq
This Name of Allah is mentioned in the Qu’ran 5 times. For example Allah says:
Said Jesus, the son of Mary, “O Allah, our Lord, send down to us a table [spread with food] from the heaven to be for us a festival for the first of us and the last of us and a sign from You. And provide for us, and You are the best of providers.” [al Maeda 5:114]
Allah also says:
 
Or do you, [O Muhammad], ask them for payment? But the reward of your Lord is best, and He is the best of providers. [al Muminoon 23:72]
62) Ar Razzaaq
This Name of Allah is mentioned in the Qur’an once. Allah says:
I
ndeed, it is Allah who is the [continual] Provider, the firm possessor of strength . [adh Dhariyaat 51:58]
 
Linguistic meaning: 
Both Names come from the word razaqa which means to provide, supply with provisions and necessities of life. The complete way of providing and sustaining.
 
Shar’ee meaning:
Ar-Raaziq is the One who provides provisions, the bestower of sustenance. Al Khattabi says: Ar-Raaziq is the one that stands ready to provide provisions from His quwwa for the entire creation. So He sends to the entire creation His provisions and His rahma as his provisions is a form of rahma. He creates all means of nourishment and provision. Ar-Razzaaq is fi’al mubaalagha (exaggerated form) of Raaziq – the One who gives provisions. Allah is always, in every single moment throughout all of time, providing for His creation. He is providing provisions for those who are alive and those who are dead. He provides for the dead the reward or the punishment they deserve. Allah is always Razzaaq and He is always Raaziq even before He created the creation, as is the case in all of His Names. He was always these Names even before He applied them. Imam S’adi says: the rizq of Allah is of 2 types.
1. The provisions of the body – materialistic, tangible provisions. Providing nourishment, care and shelter for the body. General for both Muslim and kafir.
2. The rizq of the heart – with ilm and eemaan. By allowing the heart to know what is halal and what is haraam and to be comfortable and content with Islam, by guiding the heart. This is the specific rizq for the Muslims.
Benefits we can learn from these Names
1. Attain tawakkul in Allah because we know that provisions lie in His hands. Just like the bird who leaves in the morning hungry only to return to his nest with a full stomach in the evening.
Rasoolullah sallalahu alayhi wassalam said in a hadith: If only you relied on Allah a true reliance, He would provide sustenance for you just as He does the birds: They fly out in the morning empty and return in the afternoon with full stomachs.” [Ahmad, An-Nasaa‘I, Ibn Majah, Al-Hakim and At-Tirmidhi – Hasan Sahih] Trust in Ar Razzaaq. Never commit bad deeds in the Name of seeking provision, and trust that all provisions will come from Allah ‗azza wa jal. A beautiful example is the baby raven; when it hatches, it looks white and therefore its mother (black in colour) denies it and doesn‘t recognise it. Then Ar Razzaaq sends it insects to feed on until its feathers grow and turn black for its mother to recognise it. As a baby this bird is left forsaken, but Allah sends it its provision. Just as He provided for you when you were in the womb, He will provide for you after you are born.
2. Be content. Be satisfied with all the rizq you are given. Umar ibn al-Khattaab radiyallahu ‗anhu said:
No amount of guilt can change the past. No amount of worrying can change the future. Go easy on yourself, for the outcome of all affairs is determined by Allah’s decree. If something is meant to go elsewhere, it will never come on your way, but if it is yours by destiny, from you it cannot flee.
Complaining about your body or your wealth means you complain against Ar Razzaaq; strive for ridaa (contentment with His Decree. Provision has to do with honesty and uprightness. What you see of wealth given to some and poverty to others is only superficial; Allah azza wa ljal will bestow the best types of rizq on the best types of people. You need to work as if your rizq depends on how hard you try, but in your heart you know that nothing will come to you except what He has written for you. Knowing that rizq is guaranteed is not an excuse to be lazy. Ar Razzaaq recompenses you according to your intentions. Never be envious of the provisions that Allah has bestowed on others. Because Allah provides to whom He wills, whatever He wants.
3. Never be arrogant over the provisions a person has because it doesn’t belong to him it belongs to Allah. And know that Allah can take it away from you whenever He wants, and it could be due to this arrogance.
4. Understand the ways of Ar Razzaaq Some people do good deeds and practise their religion, yet they don‘t feel much spiritual comfort. This motivates them to hasten to do more righteous work, which helps them to go to the higher and better spiritual state that Allah Ar Razzaaq wants them to reach. So you might feel deprived of spiritual rizq (like tranquillity in the heart), but this is a way Allah azza wa jall causes you to be motivated to do more and therefore be elevated even more.
5. Ponder what Ar Razzaaq has given you. He placed us on fertile lands with countless blessings; even without care the green crops grow, flowers blossom, fruits and vegetables come out of the soil, and the blue oceans are bursting with fish. Ar Razzaaq places the meat of most animals and birds at our service and gives them pure milk and honey. Contemplate your environment and grow your love for Ar Razzaaq and your will to please Him.
6. Remember the counterparts in the Hereafter. All the blessings from this world have perfect counterparts in the Hereafter. Remember the food and drinks in Jannah and ask Ar Razzaaq for them each day. The people of the hellfire will have the most horrific foods and drink; ask Ar Razzaaq to protect you from these.
7. Use your rizq in the right way. Be trustworthy with Allah‘s provisions; don‘t seek haram means; this also prevents your supplications from being answered. One of the things that prevent your rizq from reaching you is your sin. So if you see people disobeying Allah who have material rizq, Ar Razzaaq may have denied them their spiritual rizq, which is much worse.
8. Learn how to increase your rizq. In the Qur’an and Sunnah ways are mentioned for you to increase your rizq; look out for them. Examples are striving for taqwa, praying with khushoo‘, having tawakkul (reliance on Allah), upholding the ties of kinship, being thankful, asking for forgiveness and repenting, giving charity, and reading the Qur’an. When Fatima radiyallahu anha complained to the Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam about her heavy work, he said:
Shall I direct you to something better than what you have requested? When you go to bed say Subhan Allah‘ thirty-three times, Alhamdulillah‘ thirty three times, and Allahu Akbar‘ thirty four times, for that is better for you than a servant . [Al-Bukhari] Benefit from this advice.
 
Ar Razzaaq and other Names
Allah mentions Ar Razzaaq with Al Quwwa al Mateen – One who has the power to do everything, severely powerful. Why are these Names coupled? Because He has the power to provide us with anything we want. Allah is always carrying out the actions of His siffat at the same time, throughout all time, to the entire creation. Ponder over the greatness of Allah. Shows the Ta’dheem of Allah. He is so powerful that He is providing for the entire creation, dead and alive, and at the same time He is changing the haal (state) of people. Always ask for the best when making du’a, never think Allah won’t be able to give you anything. When asking for Jannah, ask for Jannatul firdaws. Committing sins can prevent provisions by losing a blessing that Allah has bestowed. Imam Shafi’ee said: I once was in the market place and I looked at the ankle of a women, by Allah from this day onwards I was unable to memorise the way I used to (Imam Shafi’ee had a photographic memory) I went to Wakeel (his teacher) and complained about this incident, he advised me to leave sinning because he said ilm is from the light of Allah and this light is not bestowed upon sinner. So sinning can have direct effects on the blessings that Allah has given. Blessings can be connected to the deen or not connected to the deen. One of the salaf used to say: My camel would always listen to me, when I told it to take me to a place it did so, until the day I committed a major sin, and then it never listened to me every again.‖ When something happens that comes out of nowhere then its often a sign that it has happened due to a sin – for example a blessing being taken away, e.g. car breaking down, having an argument with family member for no reason. (but it can also be other reasons such as ‘ayn, sihir etc).
63) Al Mubeen
This Name of Allah appears in Qu’ran once. Allah says:
On that day Allah will pay them their just due, and they will know that Allah, He is the Manifest Truth [an Nur 24:25] Al Mubeen is similar in meaning to Al Haqq.
 
Linguistic meaning:
to clarify, to make clear, to explain. To make clear to such an extent that there can be no doubt about it.
 
Shar’ee meaning:
Allah throughout all His Names and Attributes and all of the things He has asked us to ponder and contemplate about shows that He is the One that exists. He has clarified in the Qu’ran that he exists and He has made it clear by creating the creation. He is the One that is clear, the One that is there. Ibn Jariri at Tabari says: Allah is Mubeen, Allah exists and there is no doubt about His existence. When Allah says He is Haqqul Mubeen, Allah is saying that if you can’t see how clear Allah is today, one day you will see. Allah is clear and He has made things clear in the dunya and the aakirah. His shari’ah is clear, His commands are clear, His prohibitions are clear. And the one that engages in the prohibitions, Allah has made the adhaab for that person clear, and the one who follows the commandments, Allah has made the jazaa’ (reward) for that person clear. Imam Sa’di says that the clearness of Allah from the Name Al Mubeen is separated into 2 categories:
1) Dhuhoor adillah – clearness of Allah’s evidences, to prove His existence and to prove is Ruboobiyyah and uluhiyyah and His asma wa siffat. Allah has made these clear throughout the Qur’an and the sunnah.
2) Allah will make Himself clear to the slaves of Allah in Jannah. He will make His face able to be seen on the Day of Increase in Jannah.
With His Name Mubeen, Allah describes the Qur’an and He describes His Prophet Muhammad sallalahu alayhi wassalam. Allah says:
 
Alif, Lam, Ra. These are the verses of the clear Book. [Yusuf 12: 1]
Allah calls Al Qur’an Mubeen because it provides clear evidences to what is right and what is wrong, what is true and what is false. Allah says:
 
How will there be for them a reminder [at that time]? And there had come to them a clear Messenger. [ad Dukhaan 44:13]
Muhammad sallalahu alayhi wassalaam has also been described as Mubeen, because he has explained to us clearly the ayat in Qu’ran that needed explanation. He has explained to us about everything for example Allah told us in the Qur’an to make wudu and Muhammad sallalahu alayhi wassalam showed us how to make wudu and the same goes for salah and other acts of ibaadah. Allah calls Qu’ran Al Mubeen because it is a sifaat of Allah. But He describes Muhammad sallalahu alayhi wassalam as just Mubeen (without the definite particle Al/The). Al Mubeen is only for Allah.
 
Benefits we can learn from this Name
1. Allah has made it clear to us how to worship Him. We don’t have any excuse on yawmal qiyyamah because Allah has made everything mubeen. There is no doubt at all about the existence of Allah because Allah is Al Mubeen. All of His sifaat are clear. Excuse of ignorance can be given in some matters but not all and Islam doesn’t allow ignorance when it comes to the right of Allah and His ubudiyyah.
2. Follow the signs. Follow the way Allah Al-Mubeen made clear for you from the two sources: the Qur’an and sunnah. Al-Mubeen says:
O people of the scripture,There has come to you Our Messenger making clear to you much of what you used to conceal of the scripture and overlooking much. There has come to you from Allah a light and a clear (mubeen) Book [al Maeda 5:15]. Study the explanation of the Quran, such as the Tafseer of Ibn Katheer to gain more understanding of the meanings. Don‘t be satisfied by merely reciting the Quran without understanding it, how else can it be a source of guidance? So treat the ayaat of the Qur’an as the signs on your way through this life as they are meant to be and focus on your final destination: Paradise. Study the ways of the Prophet salallahu ‗alayhi wa sallam as Allah ‗azza wa jall describes him as mubeen:
It has not been revealed to me except that I am a clear (mubeen) warner [Saad 38:70]. Revive his sunnah in your daily life.
3. Know your enemy. One of the ways Allah Al-Mubeen clarifies the straight path is by warning us against hindrances and enemies on our way for whom we should be prepared. Allah azza wa jall says:
O mankind, eat from whatever is on earth [that is] lawful and good and do not follow the footsteps of Satan. Indeed, he is to you a clear enemy [al Baqarah 2:168] Treat shaytan as your enemy and use a‘oodhu billaahi minash-shaytanir rajeem‘ as a daily life weapon in times of anger, doubt and fear.
4. Never belittle sins. It is Al-Mubeen who clarifies for you what is right and what is wrong; never see a sin as small or big, rather consider the One you are sinning against. Allah azza wa jall says:
But whoever earns an offence or a sin and then blames it on an innocent has taken upon himself a slander and manifest (mubeen) sin [an Nisaa 4:112] . Ask Al-Mubeen sincerely to make you recognise your sins, so you are able to repent and set them straight. How many people are blinded by their own sins?
5. Call yourself to account before you are called to account. Al-Mubeen will ultimately clarify everything for us on the Day of Judgement, where lies will be made evident and the truth cannot be escaped from by the disbelievers. Allah azza wa jall says:
So worship what you will besides Him. Say, Indeed, the losers are the ones who will lose themselves and their families on the Day of Resurrection. Unquestionably, that is the manifest (mubeen) loss [az Zumar 39:15].
Pray to Al-Mubeen that you will not become a case against yourself on this dreadful day because of your bad deeds overshadowing your good deeds, because of the sins you belittled or because of the friends you chose:
O you who have believed, do not take the disbelievers as allies instead of the believers. Do you wish to give Allah against yourselves a clear (mubeen) case? [an Nisaa 4:144]
64) Al Haadiy
This Name of Allah appears in the Qur’an twice. Allah says:
And thus have We made for every prophet an enemy from among the criminals. But sufficient is your Lord as a guide and a helper. [al Furqaan 25:31]
Allah also says:
 
And so those who were given knowledge may know that it is the truth from your Lord and [therefore] believe in it, and their hearts humbly submit to it. And indeed is Allah the Guide of those who have believed to a straight path. [al Hajj 22:54]
 
Linguistic meaning:
comes from the word Hada, yahdi, ihdi, al huda which means direction and guidance. It also means to take something out of something and to put them into something else. It also means obedience, and also means gardens. Az Zujaji says it means evidence and to guide someone to a path, road, a way, to take them out from one way into another way.
 
Shar’ee meaning:
Ibn Jarir at Tabari says that Allah by the Name Al-Haadiy is the One that grants guidance and direction to those who believe with turth, Allah will guide and direct them to the path which is true. Allah is enough for us, through these two Names; the Lord that grants provisions through Roobubiyyah and the Lord that grants provisions through hidayah through the Name Al-Haadiy. He grants guidance, directions, He takes us away from the path of evil to the path of good. He guides us from darkness into light. Az Zujaaji says that Al Haadiy is the One that guides the believers, He guides them to Him, upon a path that is clear, from His Name Al-Mubeen, a path that has the actions of the people of Jannah. Al-Haadiy is the One who removes a person from the path of kufr and takes them to the siraatal mustaqeem and keeps them firm on this path, and once they are on that path, He gives to them An-Nahaar – the gardens of Jannah (which is anther meaning of Haadiy). Ibn Qayyim says the guidance of Allah through His Name Al Haadiy is split into 4 categories.
1. Al Hidayahtul ‘aama mustariqa baynal khalq – the guidance that is general that is shared between the entire creation. Allah says:
He [Musa] said, “Our Lord is He who gave each thing its form and then guided [it]. [Ta Ha 20:50] This type of guidance mentioned in the ayah is the guidance that is general, which is shared between the entire creation. This guidance is the guidance of Allah when He creates something, He guides that thing to be able to do that which it has been created for. Allah created the hand and He created the foot and He created the eyes and He created the tongue and He created the ears and He created the different parts of the body. After He created them, He guided them to be able to do that which they were created for. So Allah, after creating the feet, He guided the feet to be able to stand and to be able to walk. After He created the hands, He guided the hands to be able to grasp and to be able to point and touch. After He created the eyes, He guided the eyes so they can see. After He created the tongue, He guided this piece of flesh to speak, to taste. Allah guided the ears to be able to hear. Every part of the body, every organ, that which is inside and out, they all have been given the guidance to do exactly that which it was made to carry out.
2. Al Hidayatal jinn wal ins – The guidance to make things clear. What is good and what is evil and what path is of Jannah and what path is of Jahannam.
3. The guidance of tawfeeq, to be able to take the path of what is clear and good. Allah says:
Then is one to whom the evil of his deed has been made attractive so he considers it good [like one rightly guided]? For indeed, Allah sends astray whom He wills and guides whom He wills. [al Faatir 35:8] Rasoolullah sallalahu alayhi wassalam said: whoever Allah guides non can misguide Him and whoever Allah leaves to go astray, none can guide Him.‖ Allah also says:
Indeed, [O Muhammad], you do not guide whom you like, but Allah guides whom He wills. And He is most knowing of the [rightly] guided. [al Qassas 28:56]
4. The guidance of the aakirah. On yawmal qiyyamah Allah will guide us through His Name Al Haadiy the path to take to get to Jannah and He will decree for angels to either take us to the path of Jannah or to take us to the path of Jahannam. Allah will guide us to our abode. Allah says:
Indeed, those who have believed and done righteous deeds – their Lord will guide them because of their faith. Beneath them rivers will flow in the Gardens of Pleasure. [Yunus 10:9]
Allah says regarding what the people of Jannah will say:
And We will have removed whatever is within their breasts of resentment, [while] flowing beneath them are rivers. And they will say, Praise to Allah, who has guided us to this; and we would never have been guided if
Allah had not guided us. Certainly the messengers of our Lord had come with the truth.” And they will be called, “This is Paradise, which you have been made to inherit for what you used to do.” [al Aa’raaf 7:43]
Allah says regarding the people of Jahannam:
[The angels will be ordered], “Gather those who committed wrong, their kinds, and what they used to worship
Other than Allah , and guide them to the path of Hellfire. [as Saaffat 37: 22-23]
 
Benefits we can learn from this Name
1. To Have muhabba and shukr to Allah for guiding us to the first 3 categories of hidayah. For making our organs guided to do what they were meant to, for guiding us to the path of truth and for giving us the tawfeeq on this path. Also it gives us a feeling of shame, that after Allah has given us hidayah of the organs, we still use them to sin. And we should make du’a that Allah makes us of the fourth category of hidayah as well.
2. Keep asking for guidance. If you seek the truth sincerely, Al-Haadiy will guide you to it. As a believer, you say, a minimum of seventeen times a day when you pray: ihdinas siraatal mustaqeem– guide us on the straight path. Why, while you are already guided to Islam, should you keep asking for guidance? Because there are different levels of guidance for you to attain to be truly guided and because you are in need of continuous hidaayah; realise no one is safe from misguidance. Feel it when you say ihdinas siraatal mustaqeem. These are levels of true guidance: guidance of knowledge to know the truth, the capacity to be guided, to desire to be guided, to act upon it, and to remain steadfast in it. For all obstructions that impede guidance to be removed and to be granted sight of your ultimate goal along the path. For you to be aware of your own desperate need for guidance from Allah azza wa jall over any other necessities and to make you see the misguided paths [summarized from Ibn al Qayyim] So next time you say ‗Guide us to the straight path‘, say it with feelings, sincerely asking to attain all levels of guidance from Allah.
3. Seek guidance from Al-Haadiy in each matter. Whenever you feel lost, stuck or when you have to make a decision, turn to Allah ‗azza wa jall before turning to others. Asking for guidance, you can use this beautiful Name, e.g. by starting your invocation with Yaa Haadiy. Whatever guidance someone or something might give you, know that it truly comes from Al-Haadiy. A means to seek hidaayah is to pray the sunnah istakhaarah prayer.
4. Be thankful and do good to increase your guidance. In Paradise you will say: . . . and we would never have been guided if Allah had not guided us. [al Aa’raaf 7:43 see above] Reflect how hidaayah (guidance) is the best hadiyyah (gift) you can ever get, so thank Allah ‗azza wa jall for it each day. Allah says:
Indeed, We guided him to the way, be he grateful or be he ungrateful. [al Insaan 76:3]
Another benefit of thanking Him for guidance is that He will give you more: Allah says:
And [remember] when your Lord proclaimed, ― If you are grateful, I will surely increase you [in favour].‖ But if you deny, indeed, My punishment is severe.‖ [Ibraheem 14:7]
Also, your good deeds are directly linked to your guidance, so the more good deeds you do, the more Al-Haadi ywill increase your guidance:
And Allah increases those who were guided, in guidance, and the enduring good deeds are better to your Lord for reward and better for recourse. [Maryam 19:76]
5. Invite others to the right path. Invite others to the straight path, first and foremost by showing exemplary behaviour yourself. However, know that true guidance is from Al-Haadiy. This should increase you in your confidence in calling others to Islam, as you know that the results are not dependant on your da‘wah or speech but are in the hands of Al-Haadiy; so don‘t get disheartened or arrogant:
Indeed, [O Muhammad], you do not guide whom you like, but Allah guides whom He wills and He is most knowing of the [rightly] guided [al Qasas 28:56]
 
Al Haadiy and other Names
Allah mentions the Name Al Haadiy with An Naseer. Allah mentions these two Names with each other because the greatest help a person can be given in this life is hidaayah, all the 4 types, as they go hand in hand. To be given the hidaayah to live and die as Muslims and to enter Jannah is the greatest guidance and the greatest help.
65) Al Hakam 66) Al Haakim
Al Hakam appears in the Qur‘an once. Allah says:
[
Say], “Then is it other than Allah I should seek as judge while it is He who has revealed to you the Book explained in detail?” [al An’aam 6:114]
Al Hakeem appears in Qu’ran five times. For example Allah says:
 
And if there should be a group among you who has believed in that with which I have been sent and a group that has not believed, then be patient until Allah judges between us. And He is the best of judges.” [al Aa’raaf 7:87]
Allah also says:
 
Is not Allah the most just of judges? [at Teen 95:8]
 
Linguistic meaning:
Root word means something that prohibits, restrict/prevents from wrongdoing. Haakim the ruler or judge is called something that prohibits because every judge will try to prohibit oppression. Allah being the judge and the One who judges, He prohibits injustice. He is Khayrun Haakimeen – the best of judges, He will prohibit all types of injustice that took place in dunya. Being wise and knowing the true nature of things.
 
Shar’ee meaning:
Hakam is the arbitrator between two people. Every injustice that took place between 2 people, Allah will be the arbitrator with Haqq. He will judge with justice, and truthfulness. He legislates rules to turn mankind from wrongdoing and His rules are for our own benefit. Hakam is a verbal noun and emphasises the act of delivering justice whereas hakeem refers to the essential nature of the possessor of wisdom. Al-Hakam refers to the totality of Allah‘s power to judge and arbitrate with perfect justice and immense mercy, which cannot be compared with the judging and arbitrating of any other created being. Al-Haakim is the judge, ruler and master. He will be the judge, the ruler the master Al Qurtabi says: meaning of Haakim is that Allah will be the overall judge of everyone. Al Khattabi says: He has chosen this Name because He has prohibited all forms of injustice. Indeed He has Hukm and everyone of us will return back to Him and Allah will judge between His slaves in what they differed in. Al Qurtabi says: Hakam and Haakim have a subtle difference. The word Hakam is not given to every Haakim. Every Haakim is not necessarily Hakam. But every Hakam is Haakim. Because for one to be Hakam, one must judge with Haqq and one must rule with Haqq. This is why the rulers of this world, even though they may rule with justice they are not Hakam, because the One who is Hakam, doesn’t just rule and judge with haqq but He is glorified and praised because He is completely Hakam, so this word/Name is saved only for Allah. Only Allah knows the ins and out of why a person did something and what reward or punishment he deserves.
Ibn al Qayim says the Hukm of Allah is categorised into 3:
1) Al Hukm kawni al qaddari – things to do with what Allah has decreed in this dunya which is not necessarily related to the deen.
· a) that which a person has some sort of control over for example what they eat, wear etc
· b) Hukm of Allah where a person has no control over for example the weather, gender of child, death.
2) Hukm ad-deeni ash-shar’ee – this is something where a Muslim has no right to chose what he takes and what he doesn’t take. When he finds out something is from Allah and His Messenger sallalahu alayhi wassalam, he must submit to it entirely. Allah says:
It is not for a believing man or a believing woman, when Allah and His Messenger have decided a matter, that they should [thereafter] have any choice about their affair. And whoever disobeys Allah and His Messenger has certainly strayed into clear error.
[al Ahzaab 33:36]
But no, by your Lord, they will not [truly] believe until they make you, [O Muhammad], judge concerning that over which they dispute among themselves and then find within themselves no discomfort from what you have judged and submit in [full, willing] submission. [an Nisaa 4:65] It is not for the believer to turn away from anything in shar’ah, but they must accept everything.
Point of benefit; what does it mean to submit in its entirety? It means not to hate it. As anyone who hates anything from Shari’ah has left the folds of Islam by ijmaa’. A sign that you do not hate something is that when it happens you will understand. For example if your husband was to take another wife, natural jealousy is bound to occur but if you hate it to the extent it interferes with your eemaan and the way you live, then know that its a sign that you actually hate the ruling, which is haraam and is a nullifier of the deen. Allah is Al Hakeem, most wise. Allah through His wisdom that He knows best, has allowed for something to happen for example the permissibility of a Muslim man marrying up to 4 women. Rasoolullah sallalahu alayhi wassalam said:The best amongst you is the one with the most wives. This is a means of looking after more people, and bringing more children into the dunya.
3) Al Hukm al jazaa-i – Hukm of yawmal qiyyamah, Allah will decree who will get rewarded and who will get punished.
[All] sovereignty that Day is for Allah; He will judge between them. So they who believed and did righteous deeds will be in the Gardens of Pleasure.
And they who disbelieved and denied Our signs – for those there will be a humiliating punishment. [al Hajj 22: 56-57]
 
Benefits we can learn from these Names
1. A person will fear Allah in taking the rights of the people. Allah has prohibited all forms of injustice. On yawmal qiyyamah a person who was wronged someone will be given back their right from the person who had wronged them. Whoever has oppressed his brother, then let him sort it out in this world. Any form of injustice that happens in dunya, if someone has unlawfully oppressed you or mocked you, then know that Allah has your right that is ready for you in aakirah. So never despair or have sorrow that Allah has decreed for someone to take away your rights, because Allah has prepared your rights in the aakirah. So live a life of contentment with regards to all issues of the dunya. Trust in Al-Hakam at all times. Take comfort in the fact that even if people are unjust, you will get your justice from Al-Hakam. Don‘t despair, and fully rely on His judgment. Al-Hakam says:
Follow what has been revealed to you, and be steadfast until Allah‘s judgement comes. He is the Best of Judges. [Yunus 10:109]
2. Be motivated to do good deeds. Al-Hakam is wise. He is the ultimate Judge, and He decreed that you don‘t have to bear the sin of another. You‘ll never ever be wronged by Al-Hakam; you‘re never punished for more than the sin you commit, nor will any good deed go without a reward. This is the justice-system of Al-Hakam:
Whoever brings a good deed shall have ten times the like thereof to his credit, and whoever brings an evil deed shall have only the recompense of the like thereof, and they will not be wronged. [al An’aam 6:160]. Let this motivate you to take each chance to do a good deed; benefit from your health, wealth and free time by using them wisely.
3. Make the Qur’an and sunnah your guides. You should take the Qur’an and the sunnah for guidance in all matters, in all areas in your life. How many people refer to non-Islamic legislations only when it comes to divorce, inheritance, and the like? You should make the Qur’an and sunnah your guidance between right and wrong in everything you do, to guide you in your personal life, your community, your society, your interactions with others, your business, etcetera.
4. Remember Al-Hakam and stand up for the truth. Remind yourself that you will stand before Him one day to be judged by Him. Make this your motivation to mind your actions in this world. Always stand up for truth and justice, even if it‘s against yourself. Strive for a positive verdict from the One and only judge.
5. Always be fair and equal in judging others. Whenever you‘re in a position to judge between parties, for example a family affair, always be equal and just. Al-Hakam says:
Indeed Allah commands you to render trusts to whom they are due and when you judeg between people judge with justice. Excellent is that which Allah instructs you. Indeed, Allah is ever Hearing and Seeing. [an Nisaa 4:58]
6. Never object to the decree of Al-Hakam. Whenever Al-Hakam decrees something, He does so with perfect wisdom. Never object to the decree of Al-Hakam by complaining about your fate and questioning Him
7. Ask Al-Hakam for protection and guidance. Ask Allah Al-Hakam to protect you from injustice at the hands of others and ask Him to make you just toward others. Ask Al-Hakam to make you adhere to whatever He‘s legislated for you.