An Explanation of Allahs Names and Attributes part 24

80) As Samee’
This Name of Allah appears in the Qur’an 45 times.
For example Allah says:
Certainly has Allah heard the speech of the one who argues with you, [O Muhammad], concerning her husband and directs her complaint to Allah . And Allah hears your dialogue; indeed, Allah is Hearing and Seeing. [al Mujaadilah 58:1]
Allah also says:
 
And [mention] when Abraham was raising the foundations of the House and [with him] Ishmael, [saying], “Our Lord, accept [this] from us. Indeed You are the Hearing, the Knowing [al Baqarah 2:127]
 
Linguistic meaning: 
1) comes from sama’a or sami’a Lisaan al arab defines sami’a as something whereby you use your ears to hear a sound. The attribute of sound to ears is for the majority of creation but not for all. The more correct definition is ability to hear.
2) To grant a request. Allah grants requests; He hears adiyah [plural of du’a] and grants them.
 
Shar’ee meaning:
The One, The Mighty, The great, who hears the entire creation, who hears all sounds and all voices, regardless how loud or how quiet they are or they are said all together or separately. He hears everything, even those things that don’t make an apparent sound, such as whispers of the heart, whispers of the mind. As-Samee‘ refers to the perfection and the totality of Allah‘s hearing, which cannot be compared with the hearing of any other created being. Al Khattabi says: He hears everything clearly, hears all sounds, noises, voices, whispers. It is not possible for a sound to be made except that Allah can hear it.
Ibn Qayyim says: the action of hearing carries 4 meanings;
1) Allah hears all voices and all sounds
2) Allah doesn’t just hear them, Allah understands all of it. Someone who is mute, Allah still understands/knows what He means, even though there’s no formation of words and sentences.
3) Allah responds to all sounds and all voices.
4) Acceptance and submission. Allah knows exactly what has been said and how it has been said, He knows the exact meaning and He knows the response that will be delivered and no one can change what has been said. Submit to the fact that Allah is all Hearing. As Samiee’.
Ibn Qayyim says after mentioning these 4 principles: As Samee’ is the One who rose over His creation with His hearing. Hears all sounds and all voices. He doesn’t get confused, and He hears them all clearly and responds to them all clearly. No one can understand the hearing of Allah and no one can be similar in the hearing of Allah. Allah doesn’t become busy or over busy by responding to different calls and providing different requests. He is samee’ in form of mubaalagah (exaggeration) and He is perfect in this. Allah hears all sounds, the apparent and the hidden, the loud and the quiet and He responds to the call of the one who calls. Allah listens to the one who praises Him
Benefits we can take from this Name:
1. We affirm the siffat of hearing of Allah. It is a matter of ‘aqeedah. Ahlus Sunnah believe Allah has the siffat of hearing, not like anything else.
[He is] Creator of the heavens and the earth. He has made for you from yourselves, mates, and among the cattle, mates; He multiplies you thereby. There is nothing like unto Him, and He is the Hearing, the Seeing. [ash Shuraa 42:11]
2. Having khawf. Fear that Allah can hear everything we say, better than we can hear it ourself. His hearing and seeing encompasses everything. Allah sees the black ant on the black rock in the black night. Refrain from speaking bad, fearing the punishment of Allah.
3. We should be proud and have tawakkul and have comfort in knowing that we have a Lord that hears our cries. Not only hears, but a Lord that responds as well. Allah knows, sees everything in the Heavens and the Earth. Allah is with you wherever you go, in His ‘ilm, hearing and seeing all. Have tawakkul and hope because Allah hears our du’a and He responds to our trust and reliance upon Him. The Ambiya used to make du’a to Allah regularly as been mentioned throughout the Qur’an.
There is not a thing that is vague to Allah. We haven’t seen Rasoolullah sallalahu alayhi wassalam but we heard about him and know about him. Allah has seen everything, He is the greatest shaheed [witness], He has seen everything, heard everything and knows about everything.
4. Study the etiquette of speech for a Muslim. How do you know if your speech is pleasing to As-Samee‘ if you do not study His book and the sunnah of the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him? Learn about the prohibitions of the tongue, like backbiting, swearing, and lying and refrain from doing them. Study the types of speech As-Samee‘ loves to hear from you, like dhikr, good advice, kind words to others, and reciting the Quran and engage in doing these frequently.
5. Feel sami‘Allahu liman hamidah‘ . Next to the amazing Hearing of Allah, The beautiful Name As-Samee‘ also means He answers our prayers. After bowing in prayer we say: sami‘Allahu liman hamidah (Allah hears the one who praises Him). We know that Allah hears us; this means that Allah answers those who praise Him and seek Him in prayer. Now every time you say sami‘Allahu liman hamidah, feel that Allah is The All-Hearer and make the intention to strive that He only hears good from you.
6. Be comforted by As-Samee‘. When Allah azza wa jall sent Musa and Harun to confront the Pharaoh, He comforted them with the words:
[Allah] said; Fear not. Indeed, I am with you (both); I hear and I see. [Ta Ha 20:46] As-Samee‘ hears and answers your prayers, so invoke Him and supplicate to Him. Remember that dua‘ is the weapon of the believer and can make the mountains shake.
7. Ask As-Samee‘ to bless your hearing. Allah – As-Samee‘ loves those who use the abilities He gave them for His sake. Ask Him to help you to use your hearing and your tongue only for things pleasing to Him.
 
As Samee’ and other Names
As Samee’ is mentioned with Al Qareeb. Allah says:
 
Say, “If I should err, I would only err against myself. But if I am guided, it is by what my Lord reveals to me. Indeed, He is Hearing and near.” [Saba 34:50]
When a person asks Allah for something, Allah hears it and then Allah becomes close to Him. We get closer to Allah by requesting.
Allah says:
And when My servants ask you, [O Muhammad], concerning Me – indeed I am near. I respond to the invocation of the supplicant when he calls upon Me. [al Baqarah 2:186]
81) Al Baseer
This Name of Allah Appears in the Qur’an 42 times. For example Allah says:
 
Exalted is He who took His Servant by night from al-Masjid al-Haram to al-Masjid al- Aqsa, whose surroundings We have blessed, to show him of Our signs. Indeed, He is the Hearing, the Seeing. [al Israa 17:1]
Allah also says:
 
And Allah judges with truth, while those they invoke besides Him judge not with anything. Indeed, Allah – He is the Hearing, the Seeing. [al Ghaafir 40:20]
 
Lingustic meaning:
mentioned in lisaan al ‘Arab: comes from the root word, basara, which means, the ability to see.
 
Share’ee meaning:
At Tabbari says: Allah is Baseer, He possesses the ability to see. He sees absolutely everything. The smallest, the greatest, the actions we do and those that we don’t do. His ‘ilm through His seeing encompasses the heavens and the earth. He memorises and He remembers what He sees, until there comes a day where He will inform everyone of what they done and punish and reward accordingly.
Al Khattabi says: Allah is Baseer of the smallest of thing. Allah sees the black ant walking on black stone, in depth of black water in the dark black night. His vision encompasses everything. No one can leave the vision of Allah. Allah is Baseer in mubaalagha form – nothing can go out of His vision. As Sa’di says: Allah sees everything, He sees the Heavens and earth and everything it contains, He sees the smallest of things, sees that which is inside a person body and the things that are covered, the apparent and the hidden, the strength of people, their bones, their limbs, the water inside trunks of trees, He sees the air that the trees breathe, He sees all things however small or large, for He is Al Baseer – complete and perfect in His vision, and in His ‘ilm.
Two types of seeing of Allah
1) Allah sees everything in the heavens and the earth, the hidden and the apparent.
2) Allah sees the needs, request and requirements of everyone.
 
Benefits we can learn from this Name:
1. Increases our fear. The fact that Allah sees the whole of creation and everything we do and every breath we take, shows who Allah is. A man once came to Muhammad ibn Adam (from the salaf) and said give me some advice on how I can sin. Muhammad ibn Adam said; find a place where Allah cannot see you, in a place that doesn’t belong to Allah, and sin without using a blessing that He has given you.” It is not possible to do this, thus there is no place where a person can sin.
2. Watch your deeds. How many times have you watched your deeds when certain people were around? As a Muslim one of your tasks is to mind the acts of your limbs and your heart anytime, anywhere, and in any company. A practical tip is to imagine yourself being watched by a camera which follows you 24/7, whether you are with people or all alone. The sight of Al-Baseer cannot be topped by a hundred million cameras.
3. Truly being a mukhlis, someone who has ikhlaas, in all actions. Because Allah sees our actions and how we do them and who we really do them for. Allah sees the zhaahir and baatin, the things that can be seen and can’t be seen.
4. Worship Allah as if we can see Him, and if we can’t do this, then worship Allah knowing He can see us. If we remember this then our Khushoo’ in Salah will increase.
 
5. Strive for quality. Knowing that Allah sees everything you do encourages you to be more devoted in your worship, more righteous in your deeds, and kinder to others. This is why Rasoolullah sallalahu alayhi wassalm, said:
Excellence in faith is to worship your Lord as if you see Him, and though You do not see Him, know that He sees you. [Al-Bukhari, Muslim] Strive for ehsaan (excellence) in every act you do.
6. Trust in Al-Baseer at all times. He sees every obstacle and sorrow you face and everything others do to you, He is the Only One Who only gives you what is good for you at all times. Therefore submit and put all your trust in Him only. Al-Baseer says:
And rely upon the Exalted in Might, the Merciful, who sees you when you arise (to pray) and your movement among those who prostrate. Indeed He is the Hearing, the Knowing [ash Shu’araa 26: 217-219]
7. Presevere. Al-Baseer reassured the Prophet sallalahu alayhi wassalam and says:
And be patient [O Muhammad] for the decision of your Lord, for indeed you are in Our Eyes. And exalt [Allah] with praise of your Lord when you arise [at Tur 52:48]
Isn‘t it the most comfortable and reassuring feeling for your heart knowing as a believer Your Lord is so close to you and sees and hears everything you go through? When others do injustice to you and no one seems to notice, take strength from the fact that Al-Baseer is seeing them and will recompense for it.
8. Believe in the decree of Al-Baseer. Whenever Allah creates something, grants something, gives life, causes death, guides someone, or allows someone to stray, it is in accordance with His wisdom, His perfect knowledge, and His complete vision that nothing can escape from.
Fighting has been enjoined upon you while it is hateful to you. But perhaps you hate a thing and it is good for you; and perhaps you love a thing and it is bad for you. And Allah knows while you know. [al Baqarah 2:216] Al-Baseer observes how you respond to His ayaat. Believe that everything Al-Baseer does is a complete tailor-made test for you and only for your own good, even though you might not like it.
9. Seek refuge in Al-Baseer. Knowing that Allah is the All-Seeing protects the believer from committing sins. Since Allah azza wa jall is taking account of everything we do, there is no escape from Him except to seek refuge with Him. Use the isti‘aadhah (saying: a‘oodhu billaahi minash-shaytaanir rajeem) a lot in your daily life, in times of anger, fear, and despair.
10. Ask Al-Baseer to bless your sight. Allah Al-Baseer loves those who use the abilities He gave them for His sake. Ask Him to help you to use your sight and insight only for things pleasing to Him.
11. Make dua to Al-Baseer abundantly. Al-Baseer sees every hardship you face, so invoke Him and supplicate to Him. Remember at all times; the fact that you are able to make sujood and even say Yaa Allah is a blessing that surpasses all others.
 
Al Baseer and other Names
Allah mentiones Al Baseer in conjunction with Al kabeer -1) the specialist 2) the One with inner knowledge (Aleem is outer knowledge). The reason behind this pairing is that Allah is Al Baseer in mubaalagah – exaggerated form. He is a specialist in seeing, but along with that He sees the inner details of the actions of our hearts. So Him being Al Khabeer is also related to Him being Al Baseer. As Al Baseer, the One who see every single thing, He is also Al Khabeer, the One who knows of every detail of every single thing. Allah also mentions Al Baseer with As Samee’ – Just as Allah sees everything, He hears everything and there’s nothing He does not hear or see.
82) Ash Shaheed
This Name of Allah appears in the Qu’ran 18 times. For example Allah says:
I said not to them except what You commanded me – to worship Allah , my Lord and your Lord. And I was a witness over them as long as I was among them; but when You took me up, You were the Observer over them, and You are, over all things, Witness.
[al Maeda 5:117]
Allah also says:
 
But Allah bears witness to that which He has revealed to you. He has sent it down with His knowledge, and the angels bear witness [as well]. And sufficient is Allah as Witness.
[an Nisaa 4:166]
 
Linguistic meaning: 
1) One who testifies over the whole of creation, witnesses over them whilst knowing everything that they do, and one day this witness will inform and declare everything its seen and heard from its knowledge.
2) The one who testifies, offer testimony.
3) To have knowledge of something.
Shar’ee meaning:
At Tabbari says: Allah will testify because He was a witness over everything, both the apparent and the hidden. It is a follow up from the Names As Sami’ Al Baseer. Extreme form of being a witness, Ash Shaheed – a witness over entire creation, He has seen and heard everything, the knowledge from vision can never be changed or forgotten. Al Khattabi says: there is not a single thing that is hidden from Him, He is Ash Shaahid, and Ash Shaheed. Allah has seen everything and will declare it because of the fact that He has seen it. He has witnessed everything with vision and hearing all of the actions that took place, then being haafeedh, He protects/memorises them, and then He will inform us of them on that day.
 
Benefits we can learn from this Name
1. Allah is overall the most powerful witness over entire creation because He has heard and seen everything. Everything is encompassed in His knowledge. The believer has a great warning and a great fear with this Name. On yawmal qiyyamah, Ash Shaheed will testify against him and a he would have great fear. What other argument will this person have, when Allah Ash-Shaheed is a witness against him. There is no greater witness and testimony but Allah’s. Ash-Shaheed is witnessing every step you take and will take you to account. Use this tip: when you are about to do something wrong, look up at the sky and imagine Ash-Shaheed watching you.
 
2. His Shahadah (testimony) is the greatest of Shahadah.
Say, “What thing is greatest in testimony?” Say, “Allah is witness between me and you. And this Qur’an was revealed to me that I may warn you thereby and whomever it reaches. Do you [truly] testify that with Allah there are other deities?” Say, “I will not testify [with you].” Say, “Indeed, He is but one God, and indeed, I am free of what you associate [with Him].” [al An’aam 6:19]
This grants and instils in us fear. Allah is the One who testifies that there is none worthy of worship but Him. And on yawmal qiyyamah He will have the greatest shahadah.
 
3. Say the sahahda, live the shahada. The Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam said:
Man shahida an la ilaha illallah dakhala al-jannah – Whoever witnesses that there is no god but Allah alone enters Paradise.[Muslim]. Your testimony of faith in Allah is something you not only utter, but that which you must live by. When you say ‘I bear witness there is no god but Allah’ it means that in your talk and actions, in your house or outside you, show that you love Allah more than anyone else, you accept Him as your Creator, Master and Ruler of the universe, that you worship Him alone in all matters and not your desires or others‘ directions. Next time when you say the shahada in your prayer, reflect upon the meaning. Increase in saying la ilaha illallah to renew your emaan.
4. Trust in Ash-Shaheed. Ash-Shaheed says in this beautiful soothing ayah:
And be patient, [O Muhammad], for the decision of your Lord, for Indeed, you are in Our eyes. And exalt [Allah] with praise of your Lord when you arise [at Tur 52: 48] Rest assured that any unjust treatment by the hands of others you go through, slander, gossip or abuse, Ash-Shaheed is your Witness and you will get justice.
 
5. Don‘t make your limbs testify against you. Use your tongue for speech beloved by Ash-Shaheed, your eyes to read the Quran, your limbs to pray to Him as they will all testify as to what you used them for. The Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam said:
I was amazed at how a servant will dispute with his Lord on the Day of Resurrection. He will say, My Lord, did You not promise me that you would not treat me unjustly‖ Allah will say, Yes. The man will say, I will not accept any witness against me except from myself. Allah will say, Is it not sufficient that I and the angels, the noble scribes, are witnesses These words will be repeated several times, then a seal will be placed over his mouth and his organs (or limbs) will speak about what he used to do. Then he will say, Away with you! It was only for your sake that I was arguing!‖ [Muslim and An-Nasa‘i]
Side note: Martyr in Arabic is called Shaheed – someone who declares/testifies. One reason given behind this title for them is because after they’re souls are taken, they see their places in Jannah, they witness their place. They see their sins being forgiven, from the 1st drop of blood that falls.
83) Ar Raqeeb
This Name of Allah appears in the Qu’ran 3 times. For example Allah says:
 
said not to them except what You commanded me – to worship Allah , my Lord and your Lord. And I was a witness over them as long as I was among them; but when You took me up, You were the Observer over them, and You are, over all things, Witness. [al Maeda 5:117]
And Allah says:
 
O mankind, fear your Lord, who created you from one soul and created from it its mate and dispersed from both of them many men and women. And fear Allah , through whom you ask one another, and the wombs. Indeed Allah is ever, over you, an Observer. [an Nisaa 4:1]
Allah also says:
Not lawful to you, [O Muhammad], are [any additional] women after [this], nor [is it] for you to exchange them for [other] wives, even if their beauty were to please you, except what your right hand possesses. And ever is Allah , over all things, an Observer. [al Ahzaab 33:52]
 
Linguistic meaning: 
observer, the one who observes. Similar to Ash-Shaheed but has addition of haafidh – one who protects/memorises and Al Muntadhir one who waits patitently.
 
Shar’ee Meaning:
Al-Haafidh is the one who protects and memorises, to whom nothing can ever disappear from. Ar-Raqeeb is mubaalagha. The One who is waiting and observing the whole of creation. At Tabbari: says; meaning of Raqeeb is Haafidhan – memorises everything without the possibility of forgetting. He memorises and protects you, your actions, thoughts and statements. Ibn Qayyim says: Raqeeb of every action, every niyyah, outwardly, inwardly, every goal, objective and thought. As S’adi says: both Ar-Raqeeb and Ash-Shaheed are very similar.
 
A beautiful example of belief in Ar-Raqeeb
Narrated `Abdullah ibn Zayd ibn Aslam, from his father, from his grandfather, who said:
When I was accompanying `Umar ibn al-Khattab on his patrol of Madinah at night, he felt tired, so he leant against a wall. It was the middle of the night, and (we heard) a woman say to her daughter, O my daughter, get up and mix that milk with some water. The girl said, O Mother, did you not hear the decree of Amir al-Mu‘minin (chief of the believers) today? The mother said, What was that? The girl said, He ordered someone to announce in a loud voice that milk should not be mixed with water. The mother said, Get up and mix the milk with water; you are in a place where `Umar cannot see you. The girl told her mother, I cannot obey Him (Allah) in public and disobey him in private. [Sifat al-Safwah and Wafiyat al-A‘yan and cited by Ibn al-Jawzi in Ahkam al-Nisa‘]
This is an example of how we should understand and be aware of Ar-Raqeeb. This young woman was upright in her deeds, in public and private, because she believed that Allah was observing her at all times! The righteous leader Umar Ibn Abdul-Azeez descended from her.
 
Benefits we can take from this Name 
Same as As Samee’, Al baseer, Ash shaheed.
1. Allah is the supervisor of the whole creation. He is testifying and He is observing, what people are doing and how they are doing it. Ibn Qayyim says: Ar-Raqeeb goes with the Name Al-Haafidh, Al-Aleem, As Samee’ Al-Baseer. Allah is on the level of being the great supervisor, and observer. These 5 Names when put together complete each other. Ibn Qayyim says: whoever learns these Names, they know that Allah is the greatest one who sees, hears and preserves knowledge. Allah knows the whole of creation, He is observing the whole of creation, He is a witness over it, He is looking and seeing the whole of creation. With the Name Ar-Raqeeb, He memorises, stores, protects, looks after and then He will declare everything He seen, heard, observed, witnessed on yawmal qiyyamah. These Names builds fear in the heart of creation.
Know that you are never alone. A scholar in the past advised: Repeat the following statement whenever you go to bed, wake up or go out, Allah looks at me; Allah watches me; Allah witnesses me. Knowing that Ar-Raqeeb is watching over you is called muraqabah; remind yourself Allah is watching your every move, feel His presence and converse with Him, making dua to Him to keep your intentions pure and your deeds upright.
2. Mind your words. Some of us might stay away from the major sins, such as adultery and interest, but we commit thousands of sins daily with the way we speak and what we speak about. Be inspired by Ar-Raqeeb to mind every word you speak and ask yourself: does this speech please Allah or make Him angry? Allah says:
Man does not utter any word except that with him is an observer prepared [to record]. [Qaaf 50:18]
3. Remember Ar-Raqeeb when you are tempted.
One day Umar ibn al-Khattab radiyallahu anhu found a shepherd and asked if the boy would sell him a sheep. The boy replied that it was not his. `Umar ibn al-Khattab made him an offer to see how he would react, He said: If your master asks you, tell him that the sheep was eaten by a wolf. He looked at him and said, And what would I say to Him (i.e. Allah)? `Umar cried and said, By Allah, you are right. What would you say to Him? Whenever you feel tempted to do something haraam or not doing something Allah wants from you, then think about how Ar-Raqeeb is watching you.
4. Supplicate to Ar-Raqeeb. When the Prophet Yunus alayhi sallam was all alone in the whale, what did he say?
And [mention] the man of the fish, when he went off in anger and thought that We would not decree [anything] upon him. And he called out within the darknesses, There is no deity except You; exalted are You. Indeed, I have been of the wrongdoers. [al Anbiya 21:87] The Prophet Yunus was all alone and He sought forgiveness from the One Who was watching Him all along. When you are all alone, whether it be psychically because you are stuck somewhere, or mentally because you feel down, seek forgiveness from Ar-Raqeeb and He will give you a way out.
5. Khushoo’ in salah, everything is hidden in general. He knows better than you what is inside you, Imam as S’adi says He even knows the intentions and the inside depths of heart. Allah knows, sees, hears it.
The rest of the Names that follow were not covered in the course due to lack of time, therefore the notes for these Names are taken from the website understandquran.com however I changed around the format to match the format of the notes from the course and I added in the Arabic text of the ayat and ahadith and other extra information I could find to enhance the notes.
 
84) Al Mujeeb
This Name of Allah is mentioned in the Qu’ran Once. Allah says:
And Noah had certainly called us and [We are] the best of responders. [as Saffaat 37:75]
 
Lingusitic meaning:
to answer, reply, respond, and accept, to have a dialogue or conference.
 
Share’ee meaning:
He is the One who responds to needs, He answers prayers and He is the One who penetrates each obstacle in order to respond.
 
Responding to Each Request with Ease
The Name Al-Mujeeb is related in meaning to Al-Hakeem (The All-Wise), Al-Aleem (The All-Knowing), As-Samee‘ (The All-Hearing), Al-Baseer (The All-Seeing), Al-Wahhaab (The Giver of Gifts) and Al-Kareem. He responds to our requests in a way that displays His ultimate wisdom and knowledge. While we call out to Him He is All-Hearing and All-Seeing and He often gives us more than we deserve or even ask. He is the Most Generous, Al-Kareem. His amazing power and wisdom in responding to our requests is demonstrated in this part of a beautiful hadith qudsi: O My servants, were the first of you and the last of you, the human of you and the jinn of you to rise up in one place and make a request of Me, and were I to give everyone what he requested, that would not decrease what I have, any more that a needle decreases the sea if put into it.. [Muslim, at-Tirmidhi and Ibn Majah]
 
Benefits we can learn from this Name
1. Respond to the call of Al-Mujeeb. Al-Mujeeb says:
And when My servants ask you, [O Muhammad], concerning Me – indeed I am near. I respond to the invocation of the supplicant when he calls upon Me. So let them respond to Me [by obedience] and believe in Me that they may be [rightly] guided. [al Baqarah 2:186]. Your share in this Name is that you are responsive to the commandments of Al-Mujeeb.
2. Know the art of asking. Ask for His forgiveness before you ask for anything, as was the formula of the Prophet Yunus alayhi sallam when he desperately needed his supplication to be answered to be saved from the belly of the whale. Ask Al-Mujeeb for everything (halal) you wish in the Hereafter but also in this world. He loves it that you ask Him for everything you need in your deen and dunya (worldy matters). Ask him for clothing, a house to live in, food, drink, guidance, success etc.
3. Think good of Al-Mujeeb. Al-Mujeeb does not disappoint a believer who calls upon Him, however don‘t be hasty as His delay is not His denial. The answer to your dua‘ might come in a different form or time you wanted or expected. Made under the right circumstances – such as not earning haram income when asking Him or asking Him for something haram, like cutting of family ties – Al-Mujeeb responds to your dua, postpones it or prevents something bad from happening.
4. Respond to the servants of Al-Mujeeb . Be of those who don‘t just respond to the plight of those in need but of those who also actively themselves look for those who are in need of support. Have an active attitude in relation to the requests of the environment you live in and of the Ummah as a whole.
5. Practise four powerful Quranic supplications for four powerful responses. Al-Mujeeb relates to you the responses He gave after being supplicated to in different types of hardship. So whenever you are in a similar situation, apply the same dua‘ and have faith in the response of Al-Mujeeb.
1) When you feel sad, say:
And [mention] the man of the fish, when he went off in anger and thought that We would not decree [anything] upon him. And he called out within the darknesses, “There is no deity except You; exalted are You. Indeed, I have been of the wrongdoers.” [al Anbiya 21:87]
The response:
 
So We responded to him and saved him from the distress. And thus do We save the believers. [al anbiya 21:88]
2) When you feel scared say:
 
Those to whom hypocrites said, “Indeed, the people have gathered against you, so fear them.” But it [merely] increased them in faith, and they said, Sufficient for us is Allah, and [He is] the best Disposer of affairs. [ale Imran 3:173]
The response:
 
So they returned with favour from Allah and bounty, no harm having touched them.
[ale Imran 3:174]
3) When you are ill say:
And [mention] Ayyub when he called to his Lord, “Indeed, adversity has touched me, and you are the Most Merciful of the merciful” [al Anbiya 21:83]
The response:
 
So We responded to him and removed what afflicted him of adversity. And We gave him [back] his family and the like thereof with them as mercy from Us and a reminder for the worshippers [of Allah]. [al Anbiya 21:84]
4) When you feel hurt by other people say:
 
And you will remember what I [now] say to you and, I entrust my affair to Allah. Indeed, Allah is Seeing of [His] servants [al Ghaafir 40:44]
The response:
 
So Allah protected him from the evils they plotted, and the people of Pharaoh were enveloped by the worst of punishment. [al Ghaafir 40:45]
Learn these and say them with yaqeen that Al Mujeeb will answer you when you call upon Him.
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An Explanation of Allahs Beautiful Names and Attributes part 21

68) Ar Raoof
This Name of Allah appears in the Qu’ran 10 times. For example Allah says:
And thus we have made you a just community that you will be witnesses over the people and the Messenger will be a witness over you. And We did not make the qiblah which you used to face except that We might make evident who would follow the Messenger from who would turn back on his heels. And indeed, it is difficult except for those whom Allah has guided. And never would Allah have caused you to lose your faith. Indeed Allah is, to the people, Kind and Merciful. [al Baqarah 2:143]
Do you not see that Allah has subjected to you whatever is on the earth and the ships which run through the sea by His command? And He restrains the sky from falling upon the earth, unless by His permission. Indeed Allah , to the people, is Kind and Merciful.
[al Hajj 22:65]
From the 10 times the Name Ar Ra’oof is mentioned, 8 of these times Allah mentions it with the Name Ar Raheem. One time it is Raoofun bil ‘ibaad and one time it is Raoof by itself.
Lingustic meaning:
Rafa means compassion. It is a greater from of mercy than Rahma. Rafa ash shaddu rahma. The term Ra‘oof means tender affection, the highest mercy and compassion, the upper limit of ar-Raheem. The meaning is similar to Ar-Raheem, but focuses on the utmost tenderness, kindness and affection, which accompanies the outpouring of mercy and compassion.
Linguistically, ra‘fa refers to the tenderness, kindness, and affection with which Allah azza wa jall bestows mercy on us.
Al Qurtabi mentions that when a person is stoned to death or lashed for a sin, this is a rahma for him not a rafa because it still brings him pain and hurt, but its a means for forgiveness. Ra‘fa is that which would not bring with it pain or hardship Ra’fa is a means of attaining forgiveness of Allah, without one feeling any difficulty or hardship. This is why they say ra’fah is greater then rahma.
Shar’ee meaning:
Ibn Jarir at-Tabbari says: Allah has the greatest form of ra‘fa (compassion), more greater and higher and mightier than rahma. Ra‘fa is a type of mercy and compassion that Allah sends to dunya and saved in the aaikrah for all the people He loves and He compassionately waters them with His mercy, without them being hurt, or upset or disliking anything.
Al-Ghazali mentioned that Ar-Raoof has pity, and that pity is the intensification of mercy. It has the same meaning as Raheem though in a more intense form. Ar-Raoof is the One who bestows pity and mercy on us in many different forms, including warnings and withholding, for us to be guided to success in this world and the next.
Al Khattabi says: it could be that rahma is obtained for a benefit with some hardship. e.g. if someone has the huddod applied to him for any sin committed, even though it will be painful and hard, it is a rahma and the benefit is that they will not be punished in the aakirah for that sin. As for Ra’fa, it can never be obtained through hardship or difficulty.
How can we understand the concept of ra‘fa and the concept of rahma (mercy)? After a calamity hits us, Ar-Raheem has mercy on us. Ra‘fa refers to Allah azza wa jall taking care of us and warning us so that we can protect ourselves from His own punishment. Ar-Raoof says:
The Day every soul will be find what it has done of [present] before it and what it has done of evil, it will wish that between itself and that [evil] was a great distance. And Allah warns you of Himself and Allah is kind to (His) slaves [ale Imran 3:30]
How merciful is this? Ar-Raoof warns us how to avoid His punishment out of pure kindness and affection, by sending us prophets and messengers for advice, by sending us the Quran and guiding our hearts when we turn to Him.
Benefits we can learn from this Name
1. When Allah decreed to change the qiblah from Masjid Al Aqsa to Masjid Al Haraam – Al Ka’bah, the sahabah were worried if all their previous ibaadah would still be counted or not. So they asked Rasoolullah sallalahu alayhi wassalam concerning this and Allah revealed the ayah from al Baqarah which is mentioned above. At the end of it Allah says; And never would Allah have caused you to lose your faith. Indeed Allah is, to the people, Kind and Merciful. So whenever a person does an action for the sake of Allah, trying his best to get closer to Allah, and to follow the sunnah of Rasoolullah, even though he might make some mistakes or fall short in something, but Allah from the Name Ar-Raoof, Allah will accept that action as though it was done perfectly. For example it is better for a person who is travelling to not pray the sunnah of rawatib (except the 2 before fajr as Rasoolullah sallalahu alayhi wassalam didn’t leave these even whilst travelling) even though one may not want to miss it, it is upon them to take the concession Allah has given them as it is a for of mercy in itself. But if you are someone who prays the Sunnah of rawatib regularly,Allah being Ar Raoof, if you will make it count as if you had prayed them. So not only do you get the reward for not praying them whilst travel (as its from the sunnah to leave them during travel) but you also get the reward as if you had prayed them. Another example is of a person who embraced Islam later on in life. All the bad actions that they done before accepting Islam, Allah forgives them, and changes their bad deeds into good deeds, Allahu akbar! Allah says:
And those who do not invoke with Allah another deity or kill the soul which Allah has forbidden [to be killed], except by right, and do not commit unlawful sexual intercourse. And whoever should do that will meet a penalty. Multiplied for him is the punishment on the Day of Resurrection, and he will abide therein humiliated – Except for those who repent, believe and do righteous work. For them Allah will replace their evil deeds with good. And ever is Allah Forgiving and Merciful. [al Furqaan 25: 68-70]
SubhanaAllah, if you see in the aforementioned ayat, Allah states three grave sins of shirk, murder and zina but says that He will accept the repentance of the one who repents from these sins and would change their evil deeds into good. Then what about for one who repents from sins that do not reach the level of shirk? Allah is truly Ar-Raoof to His slaves.
2. Every command has a reward attached to it. Every bad deed a person commits, and hasn’t made tawbah for and commits them without having any regret then he will lose the corresponding reward Allah has prepared for that bad deed. For example Allah has prohibited alcohol so for the one who stays away from it, Allah will give him a river of wine. The one who drinks it without regret, this person will lose out of this reward and will also be punished with the drinks of hellfire such as boiling water and oil. In Surah An Nur Allah begins by speaking about zina, then adultery, then He mentions the commandment of lowering the gaze and directly after that He says Allahu noorus-samaawaati wal ardh – Allah is the light of the heavens and the earth. Ibn Qayyim says; the reward on yawmal qiyyamah for those who lowered their gazes, is that after Allah has thrown the munafiqeen in the hellfire, He will bring those who used to lower their gazes and tell them to raise their gaze, and they will lift their gaze and see the face of Allah. This is reward of the one who lowers their gaze. One who gazes on that which is unlawful, will lose out the reward of the one who lowers their gaze.
3. Allah from His Name being Ar Raoof, He has sent down the Qur’an and He has taken people out of darkness into the light of Islam. Allah says:
It is He who sends down upon His Servant [Muhammad] verses of clear evidence that He may bring you out from darknesses into the light. And indeed, Allah is to you Kind and Merciful. [al Hadeed 57: 9]
This is from the greatest compassion and greatest mercy that Allah has given us. Ask Allah to make your heart tender to His reminder, the Qur’an.
4. Embody the characteristic of rafa yourself. Allah being Ar Raoof forgives sins, He is compassionate to the believers. We should also learn about the compassion of Rasoolullah sallalahu alayhi wassalam and we should embody this characteristic of rafa in ourselves and show compassion to others. Ar-Raoof described the Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam as ra‘oofun raheem:
There has certainly come to you a Messenger from among yourselves. Grievous to him is what you suffer; [he is] concerned over you and to the believers is kind and merciful. [at Tawbah, 9:128]
Study the s eerah to learn how the prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam dealt with His companions, family, and even his enemies.
5. Increase your heart in mercy. Be kind to others and handle people‘s feelings with tenderness. Sometimes you are so busy with your own life and your own family and friends that you forget about others. The connection you feel with the Muslim ummah is a mirror for your emaan. Read about the situation of your fellow brothers and sisters around the world and think of ways of how to support them. For example make sure you remember the ummah in your dua.
6. Be proactive. Someone once said: All that time I was waiting for someone to do something about it. Then I realised that someone was me. Ar-Raoof has pity on us and He even warns us on how to avoid His punishment. If you see your brother or sister low in emaan or even going astray, feel concerned for them and advise them with kindness and care. Forbidding evil and enjoining good is a duty upon you; how seriously do you take it?
You are the best nation produced [as an example] for mankind. You enjoin what is right and forbid what is evil and believe in Allah. If only the people of the scripture had believed, it would have been better for them. Among them are believers but most of them are defiantly disobedient. [ale Imran 3:110] Be inspired by the ra‘fa of Allah azza wa jall to help warn and guide others as much as you can.
7. Allah is Raoof throughout all times. Reflect on His ra‘fa and rahman. He is compassionate to His slaves on all occasions, in all moments. This shows the believers that throughout the whole time that Allah has allowed him to continue living, know that Allah is the One who is compassionate, despite falling back into sin over and over again, Allah is still Ar Raoof, and He has Ra‘fa that is greater than His Rahma.
8. Ask Ar-Raoof. Ar-Raoof mentions a beautiful supplication in the Qur’an, using this Name:
And [there is a share for] those who came after them, saying, Our Lord, forgive us and our brothers who preceded us in faith and put not in our hearts [any] resentment toward those who have believed. Our Lord, indeed You are Kind and Merciful. [al Hashr 59:10]
68) Al Wadood
This Name of Allah appears in the Qu’ran twice. Allah says:
And ask forgiveness of your Lord and then repent to Him. Indeed, my Lord is Merciful and Affectionate.[Hud 11:90]
Allah also says:
 
And He is the Forgiving, the Affectionate, [al Buruj 85:14]
 
Lingustic Meaning:
It consist of 2 meanings
1) Al Habb – to love
2) Tamana – to hope/yearn for, wishful thinking
 
Shar’ee meaning:
Ibn Jarir at Tabbari says; He is the One that possesses love, for the one that turns to Him, He loves Him a great love, a pure, perfect love.
The concept of love in the Arabic language is described by different words, hubb and wudd are examples of them. Hubb is the inner-feeling of love for someone, whereas Wudd is an intense, consistent affection as it is expressed in actions and conduct.
Wadood is from the fa‘ool pattern which in Arabic grammar points to intensity and continuity. Allah is Al-Wadood; His love is intense, continuous and translates into the blessings, favours, mercy, guidance and forgiveness He gives to His slaves.
Ibn Qayyim says Allah being Al-Wadood is of 2 types.
1) He is the One who loves and shows the siffat of love.
2) He is the One who is Loved – Mahboob.
Imam Sa’di says: He is the One that loves His ambiya and loves those that came after them, He loves them a great love, He also loves the pious. Allah also fills the hearts with the love of Him until He makes people love Him, makes the tongues praise Him and makes the actions worship Him. He loves those that love Him. The hope of Allah wanting to see the righteous slaves of Allah, is professed in the Name Al Wadood. Allah doesn’t want to punish us, He has written for Himself rahma, He has opened the doors of rahma, He has a number of Names that are associated with rahma. The reason why He does this is so that He can give us the reward that He has prepared. He hopes to gives us Jannah, He hopes to give us an eternal life of bliss, He hopes to give us palaces under which rivers flow. He wants to meet His righteous slave, He wants to meet ahlul Jannah. Why does Allah say Al-Ghafoor Al-Wadood? Sometimes a person may forgive someone he dislikes but there is nothing like Allah when He forgives, He Loves you as if you had not committed the sin.
 
Benefits we can learn from this Name
1. To have muhabba of Allah instilled in our hearts, a love that is haqeeqi/real a love that is embodied in wanting to worship Allah. When a person loves Allah, how can this be tested? See how close He is to the by doing the actions that Allah loves and staying away from the actions Allah hates. Narrated Anas bin Malik (RadhiAllahu ‘anhu), The Prophet sallalahu alayhi wassalam said: “Whoever possesses the following three qualities will taste the sweetness of faith: The one to whom Allah and His Apostle become dearer than anything else, The one who loves a person and he loves him only for Allah’s sake. The one who hates to revert to disbelief (Atheism) after Allah has brought (saved) him out from it, as he hates to be thrown in fire.” [Al Bukhari]
Love Al-Wadood above everything and anyone. Al-Wadood says:
Say, [O Muhammad], If your fathers, your sons, your brothers, your wives, your relatives, wealth which you have obtained, commerce wherein you fear decline, and dwellings with which you are pleased are more beloved to you than Allah and His Messenger and jihad in His cause, then wait until Allah executes His command. And Allah does not guide the defiantly disobedient people. [at Tawbah 9:24] This ayah is a great reminder pinpointing all the things we tend to love over Allah and His messenger and in how doing so, can leave us open to the punishment and wrath of Allah. We seek refuge in Allah from that.
2. We have extremely strong hope in the mercy of Allah. If Allah describes Himself as somebody that has a hope to see us and save us from hellfire and to give us Jannah, then we are talking about a Lord that is filled with mercy, a Lord that is compassionate, a Lord that takes care of His slaves. This gives us really strong hope and a mighty thought. Believers should have husn al dhann – good thought/thinking of Allah.
3. Our hearts are filled with tranquillity in remembering a Lord who possesses the siffat of Love. He loves those who worship Him. Let everyone have an action, that no one knows about except you and Allah. This type of action will be done with pure sincerity, purely for the love of Allah and there will be no room for riyaa.
4. Knowing that the sunnah is something that makes Allah love us. Follow Prophet salallahu ‗alayhi wa sallam. Prove your love for Al-Wadood by sticking to the sunnah of His messenger. The reward: Allah will love and forgive you your sins.
Say: If you love Allah then follow me. Allah will love you and forgive you of your sins. And Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful. [ale Imran 3:31]
How do we get closer to Allah and attain His love? Allah says in a Hadith Qudsi: ―Whosoever shows enmity to someone devoted to Me, I shall be at war with him. My servant draws not near to Me with anything more loved by Me than the religious duties I have enjoined upon him, and My servant continues to draw near to Me with supererogatory works so that I shall love him. When I love him I am his hearing with which he hears, his seeing with which he sees, his hand with which he strikes and his foot with which he walks. Were he to ask [something] of Me, I would surely give it to him, and were he to ask Me for refuge, I would surely grant him it. I do not hesitate about anything as much as I hesitate about [seizing] the soul of My faithful servant: he hates death and I hate hurting him. [al-Bukhari].
Allah mentions many actions and qualities in the Qur’an which He loves. For example Allah says:
And how many a prophet [fought and] with him fought many religious scholars. But they never lost assurance due to what afflicted them in the cause of Allah, nor did they weaken or submit. And Allah loves the steadfast [ale Imran 3:146]
But yes, whoever fulfils his commitment and fears Allah – then indeed, Allah loves those who fear Him. [ale Imran 3:76]
And spend in the way of Allah and do not throw [yourselves] with your [own] hands into destruction [by refraining]. And do good; indeed, Allah loves the doers of good.
[al Baqara 2:195]
Do not stand [for prayer] within it – ever. A mosque founded on righteousness from the first day is more worthy for you to stand in. Within it are men who love to purify themselves; and Allah loves those who purify themselves . [at Tawbah 9:108] There are also some actions and qualities mentioned in ahadith. For example Rasoolullah sallalahu alayhi wassalam said; Allah loves kindness in all matters. [Bukhaari] And: Allah loves the believer who is pious and rich, but does not show off. [Muslim] If we want to be loved by Allah, then we should be of those who do these actions and have these qualities which Allah loves. How to attain the love of Allah? (Ibn Qayyim) 1) Recitation of Qur’an with contemplation and understanding the meaning that Allah has intended. 2) nawafil actions after the compulsory actions. 3) Adhkaar – remembering Allah in every situation, with the tongue, heart, action and mind.
5. Let your love be for the sake of Al-Wadood. Ask yourself for what reasons do you love people? Love people for the sake of Allah subhanahu wa ta‘ala so Al-Wadood, His angels and the people of the earth love you! What an amazing deal. The Prophet sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam said,
When Allah loves a slave, calls out Jibril and says: `I love so-and-so; so love him‘. Then Jibril loves him. After that he (Jibril) announces to the inhabitants of heavens that Allah loves so-and-so; so love him; and the inhabitants of the heavens (the angels) also love him and then make people on earth love him. [Al-Bukhari, Muslim] So mind who you love and love those who fear Allah, love Him and who strive for the good and forbid evil. This is the most beautiful kind of love you can have for another human being, even if you don‘t know them.
69) Al Barr
This Name of Allah appears in the Qu’ran once in regards to being the Name of Allah, however, Allah talks about birr from a characteristic perspective many times. Allah says:
 
Indeed, we used to supplicate Him before. Indeed, it is He who is the Beneficent, the Merciful.” [at Tur 52:28]
 
Lingustic meaning:
Can mean; truthfulness, to make something good, ‘afuw, or lutf, same meaning as lateef, to be dutiful, carry out the rights for example birrul walidayn – goodness/dutiful to parents. Al Birr entails all acts of righteousness and good conduct. [Ibn Hajar al Haytami]
 
Shar’ee meaning:
Ibn Jarir at-Tabbari says: Al Barr means the One who is Lateef to His slaves, the One who helps His slaves, without them knowing who is helping them. Az Zujaji says: Allah is the One who perfects the way for His slaves, and He corrects their affairs and He guides them to the right way. Al Khattabi says: He is the One who is Lateef to His slaves, He perfects for them their ways, and He corrects for them all their affairs. This Name has a similar meaning to Al Lateef and Ar Rauf. Al Barr has all these meanings. Kind, gentle, compassionate, merciful, source of all goodness and kindness Al-Barr is the source of all righteousness, the One from whom every good deed comes. Al-al Qurtabi says: Barr is the One who does not stop His ihsaan because of the sins and disobedience of His slaves.
Ar Raazi says: He is the One who is kind to the wrongdoers, pardons transgression, forgives the sinner, turns to the one who repents to Him, accepts the plea of those who ask Him. He has turned to His slaves with praiseworthy actions and good expectations, while He is the most deserving of them.
Al-Birr versus al-‘ithm
In the sunnah we find a beautiful explanation of what al-birr is and it‘s opposite: al-ithm.
 
A man came asking the Messenger of Allah salallahu ‗alayhi wa sallam about righteousness and sin. So the Prophet said: Righteousness (al-birr) is good behaviour, and sin (al-ithm) is what fluctuates in your chest, and you would hate that the people discovered it about you [At-Tirmidhi]
From the siffat of the Barr of Allah and the ways we can see this siffat of Allah, is looking at all the benefits which are apparent and the benefits which are hidden as Allah is taking care of all the affairs. He is compassionate towards everything and everyone and from His mercy He is correcting the problems of all His slaves.
 
Benefits we can learn from this Name;
All the benefits we learn from the Names Ar Raheem, Ar Rauf and Al Lateef are also applicable to the Name Al Barr.
1. Love Allah and reflect on the blessings He has given us. Love Allah. Allah deserves love that is real, for He is the One that is looking after all of our affairs, correcting our problems and our hardships. He is also showing us lutf, ra’fa and rahma. Allah is Al Barr to His slaves, being Lateef to them, He is correcting them, subtly taking care of all their affairs. of dunya and aakirah and those that are apparent and those that are concealed. Ibn Qayyim says: Allah is Al Barr in the dunya, He takes care of the well being, the strength, the money, the property, the children, He helps them, He takes them out of their problems.
And He gave you from all you asked of Him. And if you should count the favour of Allah, you could not enumerate them. Indeed mankind is [generally] most unjust and ungrateful. [al Ibraheem 14:34]
Everything we have in dunya is from Allah being Al-Barr. He is the one taking care of us. As for the deen, Allah through His Name Al-Barr has granted us, as Mumineen eeman – belief in Him and the tawfeeq to carry out the actions of obedience. From the Name of Al-Barr, Allah being kind and gentle, He rewards us and multiplies our deeds and rewards. Treat your parents and children well. Ibn Umar said: Allah has called them the dutiful‘ (al-Abrar) because they are dutiful (birr) to their parents and children. Just as you have a duty which you owe your parent, so you have a duty which you owe your child. [Al-Bukhari] Make an effort to be a good child to your parents and a good parent to your child.
 
2. Don‘t be hasty.
On the day of `Arafat, the Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam heard a great hue and cry and the beating of camels behind him. So he beckoned to the people with his lash, O people! Be quiet. Hastening is not a sign of righteousness. [Al-Bukhari]
Try to do your daily life activities in a modest manner, for example don‘t walk loudly and hasty on the street in a way you are causing others inconvenience!
3. Ask Al-Barr to guide you to al-birr. A supplication of the sunnah asking for al-birr, is the dua for travelling; make sure you apply it each time you travel!
4. Strive for goodness. Allah being Al Barr, He loves Birr – goodness. Allah says:
Righteousness is not that you turn your faces toward the east or the west, but [true] righteousness is [in] one who believes in Allah , the Last Day, the angels, the Book, and the prophets and gives wealth, in spite of love for it, to relatives, orphans, the needy, the traveler, those who ask [for help], and for freeing slaves; [and who] establishes prayer and gives zakah; [those who] fulfill their promise when they promise; and [those who] are patient in poverty and hardship and during battle. Those are the ones who have been true, and it is those who are the righteous. [al Baqarah 2:177] In the above mentioned ayah, Allah defines what Birr is. It is to:
· Take care of your emaan. The first thing mentioned in the ayah is to have faith and believe in Allah Al-Barr, in the Day He will recompense you according to your good and bad deeds and in the Angels He sends of which some to write down your actions of righteousness and sin. Al-Barr revealed His message to mankind through His books and the prophets, in order to guide you on the path of al-Birr Make sure you study the arkaan ul emaan (the pillars of faith).
· Spend on charity. Straight after emaan Al-Birr mentions spending your money on family and those in need for it. Money sometimes gets dearer to us than anything else, Al-Barr reminds you that spending in His cause is the way to gain al-birr.
· Purify yourself through prayer and zakah. Let your prayer purify you spiritually by learning the meanings of what you say and concentrating on your salah, taking every moment to ask Al-Barr for goodness and righteousness. Give zakah to purify your wealth.
· Keep your promises and speak and act upon the truth. Keep your promises, no matter how big or small, even if it‘s a promise to your sibling to help with homework or promising a sweet to your child. The prophet sallallahu ‗alayhi wa sallam also said:
Truthfulness leads to Al-Birr and Al-Birr leads to Paradise. And a man keeps on telling the truth until he becomes a Siddiq (truthful person). Falsehood leads to Al-Fujur (i.e., wickedness, evil-doing, etc.), and Al-Fujur leads to the (Hell) Fire, and a man keeps on telling lies till he is written as a liar before Allah [Bukhari] Don‘t accept any lies from yourself, not even ―white lies‖ or lying while joking.
· Have sabr. The last thing mentioned in the ayah is to have patiece . Practising patience in hard times is your best training to cultivate al-birr. Next time you go through a test, tell yourself: it‘s all part of a bigger plan. Your vehicle is sabr, on the road of al-birr, leading you to Jannah in shaa Allah.
Ibn Qayyim says on taking from the siffat of Allah’s Name: Allah loves birr. He is the One being Haakim, Al Haakimeen, Al Qaadir – He defines what is good and what is evil. He is the Creator, and He knows exactly what He created and He has taught us what is birr.
70) Al Haleem
This Name of Allah appears in the Qur’an 11 times. For example Allah says:
 
Allah does not impose blame upon you for what is unintentional in your oaths, but He imposes blame upon you for what your hearts have earned. And Allah is Forgiving and Forbearing. [al Baqarah 2:225]
Allah also says:
 
Indeed, those of you who turned back on the day the two armies met, it was Satan who caused them to slip because of some [blame] they had earned. But Allah has already forgiven them. Indeed, Allah is Forgiving and Forbearing. [ale Imran 3:155]
 
Lingustic meaning:
The first meaning is to be forbearing, lenient, tolerant. The second meaning is to be calm and serene and the third meaning is to not be hasty and to exhibit moderation.
 
Shar’ee meaning:
Ibn Jarir at Tabbari says: Haleem means the One who has patience, the One who is forbearing, the One who is lenient. He doesn’t punish His slaves immediately after committing a sin. Al Khattabi says: Al Haleem is the One who delays and postpones His anger for a deed that is deserving of punishment.
Al Ghazali says: Al Haleem observes disobedience to Him, yet anger does not incite Him, nor does wrath seize Him, nor does haste and recklessness move Him to rush to take vengeance even though He is utterly capable of doing so. Imam S’adi says: The reason as to why we don’t find the punishment of Allah happening directly after a person commits a sin is because Allah through the Name Haleem, He grants the sinner, the transgressor a time to repent and He grants him the opportunity to turn back to Allah. He delays his anger and punishment until He decides on a time, not to delay it any longer. Ibn Qayyim says: that Haleem is the Name of Allah, and from the characteristic we find sabr. When a person disobeys Him or angers Him, He is patient. He allows him the time to repent.
Al-Haleem Himself says:
And if Allah were to punish people for what they have earned, He would not leave upon the earth any creature. But He gives them respite for a specified term. [al Faatir 35:45]
Al-Haleem can delay a punishment to give you time to return to Him, seek His forgiveness, and change your ways, because He is forbearing. He can even cancel your punishment altogether.
 
Benefits we can learn from this Name
1. Be grateful for the forbearance of Allah. Allah grants us as Muslims a life after sin. Rasooluallah sallalahu alahyi wassalam said:
Indeed all the children of Adam sin, and the best of those are those who turn back to Allah. [at Tirmidhi]
Through the Name Al Haleem He has given us this time of respite. Ibn Qayyim says this is a benefit we can all take from this Name of Allah. If we live by this Name, whenever someone transgresses us or takes away our rights, we shouldn’t retaliate with anger. We should be tolerant and forbearing. Be forbearing to others: contemplate and practice. The Prophet salallahu ‗alayhi wa sallam said to Ashajj ‗Abdu‘l-Qays: You have two qualities which Allah loves: forbearance and steadiness. [Muslim]
2. Don‘t take advantage of the hilm of Allah. Al-Haleem says to the people who inherited a garden but didn‘t let the poor benefit from it:
Such is the punishment [of this world]. And the punishment of the Hereafter is greater, if they only knew. [al Qalam 68:33] This punishment was a wake-up call for them and a mercy, because they realised their mistake. If Allah had allowed them to do as they wanted, their punishment in the Hereafter would be unforeseen. So know that Al-Haleem has set rules out for you and never take advantage of His forbearance. Therefore it is a Name of hope; that Allah time after time, allows us to turn back to Him. but is is also Name of fear, the fear that the punishment will come to pass if we don’t repent and turn back to Him. Angels write down our good deeds immediately after its done, but the angel on the left shoulder who records the bad deeds waits for a time before writing the bad deeds. Rasoolullah salallahu alayhi wassalam said: The angel on the left does not write down anything until six hours have passed after a Muslim does a bad deed. If he regrets it and asks Allah for forgiveness, he casts it aside [does not write it down], otherwise he writes down one (sayyiah/bad deed). [al-Tabaraani]
3. Show a good example to a sinful person. Never be arrogant to a sinning person and try to advise him gently and by showing a good example. Think to yourself: such a sinful person may, one day, turn to Al-Haleem with sincere repentance and become better and dearer to Allah than I am.
4. Be grateful for the hilm of Allah. Just like you would be grateful to anyone who overlooks your faults and mistakes, recognise the extreme and intense forbearance of Al-Haleem towards you and return to Him after you sin. And as a way of being thankful to al-Haleem for His forbearance, remember to train yourself to be forbearing.
5. Make dua for hilm. Make dua to Al-Haleem, asking Him for His forbearance for yourself and your loved ones. And ask Him to forgive you, because only He can protect you from His justified anger.
6. Allah deserves love. This is yet another Name of Allah that shows His mercy. He has given us an opportunity to turn back to Him after sinning. Everyday we have another opportunity to repent and turn back to Allah. Love Allah for this forbearance He shows you. And hasten to repent to Him everyday for all your sins, big or small.
 
Al Haleem and other Names
· Al Haleem Comes with the Name Al Aleem – by Allah being Al Aleem He knows who has done what and knows who to be forbearing and tolerant to. He knows who has sinned, so knows who deserves the anger, but through the Name Al Haleem, He postpones that anger.
· Al Haleem also comes with the Name Al Ghafoor because He has allowed a sinner to ask for forgiveness and Al Ghafoor is the One who conceals and covers sins.
· Allah also mentions Al Haleem with Al Shakoor. How many of us are thankful to Allah? Ibn Qayyim says: from the best ways of thanking Allah is to thank Him from the heart, the tongue and the limbs. Affirm it in our heart, say it in du’a and show it in our limbs. We should be thankful to Allah for showing us forbearance and allowing us a grace period where we can turn back to Him. Imagine what state we would be in if Allah had punished us immediately for all the sins we commit. Be shy of this hilm Allah shows, and refrain from sinning.

An Explanation of Allahs Beautiful Names and Attributes part 16

39) Al Lateef 
This Name of Allah is mentioned in the Qur’an 7 times. Most often it is mentioned with the Name Al-Khabeer which is similar to Al-Aleem. For example Allah says:
 
Vision perceives Him not, but He perceives [all] vision; and He is the Subtle, the Acquainted. [al An’aam 6:103]
Allah also says:
[And Luqman said],
“O my son, indeed if wrong should be the weight of a mustard seed and should be within a rock or [anywhere] in the heavens or in the earth, Allah will bring it forth. Indeed, Allah is Subtle and Acquainted. [Luqman 31:16]
And Allah says
Does He who created not know, while He is the Subtle, the Acquainted? [al Mulk 67:14]
 
Linguistic Meanings:
1) Kind, gentle. To be kind and affectionate without one knowing that you are being so.
2) Something so small and hidden that it cannot be seen
3) To cover/hide and make sure that it cannot be found.
4) Diminish, close, shut, dignify, be hospitable towards.
Linguistically, the concept of lutf refers to being so kind to someone that they don‘t notice it as well as something that‘s too tiny or too subtle to be seen or felt. It also means to know secrets and minute details of things and to be able to do what others can‘t do.
 
Shar’ee meaning:
Ibn Qayyim says: when Allah subhana wa ta’alaa is Al Lateef, He shows companionship to the one He’s about to show lutf towards, so He takes the person as a companion, as a close friend and shows all the signs of being gentle, affectionate and kind in such a manner that this person doesn’t realise that this Lutf is coming. It is so subtle and so hidden.
Allah being Lateef is of 2 types.
1) First type of Lutf is to His slaves without them knowing it.
2) Allah is Lateef of His slaves. He sends gentleness and affection in such a subtle way we don’t even know its Him. This was Allah bringing to us ease in times of distress. He shows lutf towards His awliyaa, those whom He loves, He takes them out of hardship, widens for them path of ease and strengthens them in times of weakness without them even knowing.
How is Allah Al Lateef?
· Allah grants Lutf, but further goes beyond that and provides further assistance to His awliyaa.
· Allah is Al Lateef by closing for us the path of sin and opening for us paths of good.
· Allah sometimes decrees things and sometimes we don’t like it and we think it‘s the worst of things, and He closes the door to that which we want.But He knows and we do not know.
· He allows a person to obtain good in this dunya. Allah gives him eemaan, hidayah, the light of Islam, and He continues to bless him to do good and to be able to worship Him.
· Allah has prepared a specific type of help for those whom He loves. He is the One who grants pure help to the ones He wants to help. This is also found on the battlefield, in Jihad where Allah helps His awliyaa in many different and miraculous ways, because of Allah being Al Lateef towards His companions of the believers.
Have you ever heard someone say something you just needed to hear, for no apparent reason? Have you ever attended a talk and the topic specifically addresses your problem? Have you ever had a class recommended to you from out of nowhere that brings you closer to Allah? Has anyone ever said that one word that lifts you up, reminding you of Allah azza wa jall while they don‘t even know what you‘re going through? You might think it‘s your friends comforting you, but it‘s Allah, Al Lateef who sends you such occurrences.
Have you ever loved something that was displeasing to Allah and slowly just got off it to the point where you didn‘t even know why you ever liked it in the first place? These are the ways of Al Lateef, helping and guiding you in your life. As Al Lateef Himself says:
 
Allah is Subtle with His servants; He gives provisions to whom He wills. And He is the Powerful, the Exalted in Might. [ash Shuraa 42:19]
 
Surah Lateef
Ibn Qayyim says: the greatest example of Allah being Lateef is in Surah Yusuf, which is known as Surah Lateef.
If we analyse this surah and all the trials Yusuf alayhis salam went through, we see how everything fell into the plans of Allah. It shows Allah being Lateef throughout Surah Yusuf.
· At the beginning when a caravan came and took Yusuf alayhi salaam out of the well, it was because of Al Lateef without him realising that it is Al Lateef helping him come out of this well.
· When Yusuf alayhis salaam was faced with the trial of zina, and then imprisoned – it was perceived to be a trial of difficulty but Al Lateef decreed him to be in prison, quietly concealing to save him from fitna of zina. Al Lateef knew Yusuf had a better time to be released, so He made the released companion of the prison forget to mention Yusuf alayhi salam to the king
· When there was a dire need from the king, that’s when Allah released Yusuf alayhis salaam, because Al Lateef knew that this was the right time. He is Al Khabeer so He was Al Lateef. And when Yusuf was released it wasn’t because of the companion of the prison or the king, but because of Al Lateef who used these people as excuses to conceal the fact that Allah released him.
· Now Yusuf has the highest authority in Egypt. Al Lateef still had a plan, through being Al Khabeer – to reunite him with his brothers and father. The incident with Binyameen took place so that Yusuf can meet his father. Al Lateef decreed Yaqoob to get His sight back again at this point, at smelling the fragrance of Yusuf from his shirt. The brothers of Yusuf took Yaqoob back with them to bring Binyameen, them not knowing Yusuf was also there and this is when Yusuf was reunited with His family. Yusuf alayhi salaam, after seeing and living through all this said;
 
And he raised his parents upon the throne, and they bowed to him in prostration. And he said, “O my father, this is the explanation of my vision of before. My Lord has made it reality. And He was certainly good to me when He took me out of prison and brought you [here] from bedouin life after Satan had induced [estrangement] between me and my brothers. Indeed, my Lord is Subtle in what He wills. Indeed, it is He who is the Knowing, the Wise. [Yusuf 12:100]
 
Al Lateef and other Names
Allah Mentioned Al Lateef with Al Khabeer – someone who knows about everything, a specialist in every field. Allah knows everything, and knows what will help you, which trial will strengthen you, He does this with lutf.
Why mention Al Qawiyy al Azeez after Al Lateef [42:19]? Allah reminds us that He is Lateef, but for us not to forget that this gentleness isn’t a naqs (deficiency) for Him but that it is perfection and for us not to forget that He is still Al Qawiyy and Al- Azeez, the strong, the victorious.
Benefits we can learn from this Name
1. If Allah praises Himself for being Al Lateef, by concealing this, then know that there is great reward in doing the same, in granting charity, being affectionate and kind kind. We should take upon us this characteristic of lutf. Let every single person have one action that He does, that no one knows except Him and Allah. And this is when we show true sincerity. Do these secret deeds which is between you and Allah.
2. Reflect on yourself and your surroundings. For example radio waves: they can‘t be seen, but they bring about much benefit for us. The subtle air, which is not heavy to breathe, the change of the seasons, ripening fruits, the day flowing over into the night, the body and mind of a child developing in perfect milestones, people coming onto your path, an uplifting word at the right time, and events occurring out of nothing but with perfect wisdom – the ways of Al Lateef can be found all around you. Take them all as opportunities to actively remember Him.
3. Grow your love and amazement for Al Lateef. Love Him and be grateful to Him, for He‘s been kind to you in ways you don‘t even realise. Al Lateef may put you through things that you dislike, but be patient, and when He gives you what you love, be thankful for it. Say a lot of alhamdulillah in your daily life, even for the things you don‘t notice but that benefit you greatly. Say subhanAllah at any spare moment for His perfect ways to guide you through life.
4. Have the right intention in all you do. Al-Lateef knows all you do, every minute detail, every thought, every desire, and every intention, so take account of yourself. Before you do anything, ask yourself: Am I really doing this for Allah or for something else?
5. Make dua for lutf. Make dua to Al Lateef, asking Him for His kindness and to aid you to be kind to others. Ask Al Lateef for His blessings for your loved ones.
40) Al Hameed
This Name of Allah appears in the Qur’an 10 times. For example Allah says:
 
And they had been guided [in worldly life] to good speech, and they were guided to the path of the Praiseworthy. [al Hajj 22:24]
Allah also says:
O mankind, you are those in need of Allah, while Allah is the Free of need, the Praiseworthy. [al Faatir 35:15]
 
Linguistic meaning:
Someone who is praised, a praise that is deserved and perfect, opposite of defamed. Hamd – ascribe praise to one who is perfect and deserves it, with mahabah (love) and ta’dheem (honour). It implies admiration and gratitude towards the one who is praised (mahmood).
 
Shar’ee meaning:
Allah is Perfect in every single regard, deserving of praise because He is perfect. He is always deserving of praise regardless if He is being praised or not. He is also the One who praises, as Allah Praises Himself. Hamd fills up the scale on Yawmal Qiyamah. If it is said having met the 2 conditions of having love and honour. We praise Allah when He gives something and even when He doesn’t give something which makes it different to shukur which is praising/thanking upon receiving something.
 
How is Allah Al Hameed?
He is Al Hameed. He is praised for His Rahma, for His anger, for His rizq for everything. Every Name and attribute of Allah is perfect in the most perfect sense. Ibn Kathir says Allah is Al Mahmood in all of His actions and statements, in His shari’ah in His ability to be able to do things, and there is nothing Like Him. The phrase alhamdulillah occurs 38 times in the Quran and it is the praise Allah  azza wa jal praised Himself with. Some suwar (chapters) of the Quran begin with hamd, which announces that all praise and thanks belong to Allah azza wa jall, instructs that when we begin something we should begin with praise (like in a sermon or when making dua‘) and shows us how to praise Allah by saying alhamdulillah. Allah begins the Qur’an with Al Hamd – the first word of the first surah of the Qu’ran and plus in many other suwar, He begins with Al Hamd. This goes against many of Sunnan of acst of Ibadah. The general pattern is to begin with Bismillah and close with Hamd. But the very first verse is Al Hamdulillah Why? When a person opens the kitab of Allah, Allah has given the person the blessing of going to the kitab, looking at it, reading it and this phrase fills scales on Yawmal Qiyamah. This phrase is said at all times and places. Everything in the heavens and earth is praising Allah, in every single place, every single form of creation, from the beginning of time till the end of time. He was praised before He created time, before Allah created creation and He will continue to be praised at the end of time when everything perishes, Allah will still be praised, by Himself.
 
The praise of Allah is of 2 types
1) Everything from the creation is praising Allah, with the statement Alhamdulillah.
2) Praise is due to Allah being perfect. Praising Allah in al Aakhirah will be forever and it will be as natural as breathing. Allah says in the Qur‘an that the people of Parradise will say:
And We will have removed whatever is within their breasts of resentment, [while] flowing beneath them are rivers. And they will say, “Praise to Allah, who has guided us to this; and we would never have been guided if Allah had not guided us. Certainly the messengers of our Lord had come with the truth.” And they will be called, “This is Paradise, which you have been made to inherit for what you used to do.” [al ‗A‘raaf 7:43]
The One who deserves praise is the One who has guided us to Islam.
 
Virtues of praising Allah
1. A means to fill your scales on Yawmal Qiyamah.
The statement Alhamdulillah fills up your scales. [Muslim]
2. The most perfect manner of making du’a and an extremely powerful du’a is when a person starts with hamd of Allah and then sends peace and blessings on Prophet and then talks to Allah about what he wants and desires.
3. Rasooullah sallalahu alayhi wassalam said:
Whoever says subhanaAllahi wa bihamdi, his sins will be forgiven even if they are like the foam of ocean. [Tirmidhi]. Here the hadith is pertaining to minor sins, except if you intend that you want it to be tawbah for major sins, allahu’alam. This shows what an intention can do, it can change a small deed into a big deed.
 
Al Hameed and other Names
· Allah mentioned Hameed with Hakeem. “Has been revealed to you by Hameed and Hakeem.” Everything Allah has prescribed there is a reason for it, wisdom. Every act of ibadah, there is a reason and wisdom behind it, even if we don’t know of it. Allah’s wisdom is so great and perfect and He deserves praise because of His wisdom.
· Allah also mentions Hameed with Majeed, Allah is praising His izzah. His strength will never die and Allah will forever be strong and powerful. He is Hameed in His strength, and His Hamd is powerful.
· Allah Mentions Hameed with Al Waliy – guardian, protector. Wa huwal waliyul hameed. There is no greater wali, protector, shield, friend other than Allah. When Allah decrees that Allah wants to protect someone, nothing can break that barrier, that protection. Al Hamd for this protection. When a person adorns his tongue with hamd, Allah will make him a wali of Allah. Allah will become a wali and friend to the one who praises Him constantly.
As mentioned in the Hadith Qudsi
On the authority of Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him), who said that the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “Allah (mighty and sublime be He) said:Whosoever shows enmity to someone devoted to Me, I shall be at war with him. My servant draws not near to Me with anything more loved by Me than the religious duties I have enjoined upon him, and My servant continues to draw near to Me with supererogatory works so that I shall love him. When I love him I am his hearing with which he hears, his seeing with which he sees, his hand with which he strikes and his foot with which he walks. Were he to ask [something] of Me, I would surely give it to him, and were he to ask Me for refuge, I would surely grant him it. I do not hesitate about anything as much as I hesitate about [seizing] the soul of My faithful servant: he hates death and I hate hurting him.” [Al Bukhari]
Through praising Allah constantly our eyes will only see what Allah wants us to see, our ears will only see that which Allah wants, so ears will only hear good, and tongue will utter only that which is good. Allah will become our wali in dunya and aakhirah. To the extent we can only do good. Allah tests a person when He loves them and also tests as a punishment.
How to differentiate?
1) Both types of tests are signs that Allah loves you, because even the test that is a punishment, is a means for you to be forgiven. Punishment in dunya is better than punishment in aakhirah.
2) A test of love often comes directly after an act of worship. A bad test often comes after deed of disobedient.
3) Test of punishment will make naqs in ibaadah. A person won’t be able to do an ibaadah anymore. A Dunya test, e.g. Family member dying is a good test.
4) A person will be able to tell by themselves what a test is due to because of an action that he has done either of good or bad.
 
Benefits we can learn from this Name
1. Knowing the virtues of the phrase Alhamdulillah. The Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam said:
Verily, your Lord likes Al-Hamd [An-Nasaa‘i] He salallahu alayhi wa sallam mentioned: The best dhikr (remembering Allah) is laa ilaaha illallah and the best supplication is alhamdulillah [At-Tirmidhi] And: The phrase alhamdulillah fills the scale. [Muslim]. Realise the virtues of alhamdulillah.
2. Increase in saying alhamdulillah and feel it. Increase in saying this beautiful praise in your daily life. And say it out of deep love, honour, and with humility and gratitude to your Lord. Remember Paradise when you say alhamdulillah, and ask Allah azza wa jall to make you of those who say:
Their call therein will be, Exalted are You, O Allah,‘ and their greeting therein will be, Peace.‘ And the last of their call will be, Praise to Allah, Lord of the worlds.‘ [Yunus 10:10]
3. Say it when you are blessed. The Prophet salallahu ‗alayhi wa sallam said:
No servant is blessed by Allah and says, alhamdulillah except that what he was given is better than that which he has himself acquired. [Ibn Maajah]
4. Know that everything happens for good. For the believers there is always a win-win situation. The Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam said:
The affair of the believer is amazing. The whole of his life is beneficial, and that is only in the case of the believer. When good times come to him, he is thankful and it is good for him, and when bad times befall him, he is patient and it is also good for him. [Muslim]. Deeply reflect on this hadith and say: alhamdulillah alaa kulli haal alhamdulillah in every case or situation.
41) Al Majeed
This Name of Allah appears in the Qur’an twice. Allah says:
 
They said, “Are you amazed at the decree of Allah ? May the mercy of Allah and His blessings be upon you, people of the house. Indeed, He is Praiseworthy and Honourable.” [Hud 11:73]
And Allah says:
Honourable owner of the Throne [al Burooj 85:15]
 
Linguistic meaning:
Honourable, dignified, glorified. Something that has so much sharf (honour). Majd refers to a complete authority (sultan) and sovereignty (adhamah). This root includes the meanings of being glorious, dignified, majestic and exceedingly generous.
 
Shar’ee meaning:
One who has vast blessings, glory, honour, dignity. Someone who possesses glory (majd) and dignity and honour. Allah specified Qur’an as majeed – something that allows person to achieve honour and glory.
Qaaf. By the Honoured Qur’an… [Qaaf 50:1] The number of ayat there are in Qur’an, will equate the number of levels that there will be in Jannah. The Qur’an gives us honour in both dunya and aakhirah.
The Name Al Majeed is related in meaning to the combination of three other Beautiful Names, Al Jaleel (the Majestic), Al Kareem (The Generous) and Al Wahhaab (The Bestower). Al Majeed is majestic and beautiful in both His qualities and actions. He treats His slaves most generously and gives them gifts beyond any expectations. This is a demonstration of His Greatness which deserves all praise.
 
Benefits we can learn from this Name
1. Having Mahabbah – Allah is the most glorious. From His glory He sends us mercy, and He only does things that befit His majesty. Knowing this increases our love for Al Majeed.
2. Follow His book. Know that you are a slave of One Who is Perfect so follow His Book, submit to His commands and stay away from His prohibitions. Learn to recite, understand and live by the Qur’an to increase yourself in dignity and honour.
3. Praise Al Majeed continuously. Show Him you are grateful for His favours upon you and praise Him for His perfection. Abu Hamzah Al Baghdady said: It‘s impossible for you to claim you love Allah and not praise him continuously, and it‘s impossible that you praise Allah continuously and not see the sweetness of that in this life; and its impossible you see the sweetness of praising Allah and then be preoccupied with other than him. Not praising Al Majeed continuously is even a sign of a hypocrite. Allah azza wajal said:
Indeed, the hypocrites [think to] deceive Allah, but He is deceiving them. And when they stand for prayer, they stand lazily, showing [themselves to] the people and not remembering Allah except a little [an Nisaa 4:142]
There is no excuse to not be engaged in the dhikr (remembrance) of Al Majeed:
And when you have completed the prayer, remember Allah standing, sitting, or [lying] on your sides. But when you become secure, re-establish [regular] prayer. Indeed, prayer has been decreed upon the believers a decree of specified times. [an Nisaa 4:103]
4. Treat others with respect. Let the attribute of majd open your heart and treat others with forgiveness and patience. Speak kindly to others, smile to them and help others reconcile. Spend your blessings of wealth to help the less fortunate and apart from your spending, be humble and kind to them.
5. Reflect on the creation of Al Majeed. The signs of Allah‘s majd can be seen all around us, the whole universe and all it contains for our benefit is a demonstration of the vast Greatness and Generosity of Al Majeed. When you go through difficulties and trials, look around you and realise it is Al Majeed Who just says Be and it is.
 
And you see the mountains, thinking them rigid, while they will pass as the passing of clouds. [It is] the work of Allah, who perfected all things. Indeed, He is Acquainted with that which you do.[an Naml 27:88]
As He made everything around you and inside you, He can surely give you a way out of your problems.

Alhamdulillah!

And if you were to count the blessing of Allah never will you be able to count them.
Quran (14:36)
Allah gives us countless blessings, He gives and gives, so many in fact that we can’t even count them. Yet how many of us remember to thank Allah for our blessings? We take what Allah gives for granted, we think that it’s due to our hard work that we have achieved something. We become ungrateful because we forget that we can’t do anything without Allah and all that He gives us. 
This ayah really amazes me as it says blessing, in singular, Allah tells us we can’t even count one blessing. For a long time I didn’t really understand what it meant but as I learnt more I realised that from one blessing comes countless others. Our sight is a blessing and from the blessing of being able to see we have so many blessings as a result of this blessing for example We can read the Quran. Without the blessing of sight we wouldn’t be able to see the words in the Quran and recite it. Allah gives us so much that we can’t even begin to count just how much he gave us. 
So which of the favours of your Lord would you deny? 
Quran (55:13)
This ayah is repeated 31 times in Surah Rahman. Every time Allah says this it is preceded by a favour, a blessing given to us by Allah. Allah is telling us about so many blessings bestowed on us, blessing after blessing so how can we deny these? We should be grateful to Allah that He has provided everything for us even though we haven’t done anything to deserve these countless number of blessings. We need to constantly express our gratitude to Allah. It is so easy for us to forget all the blessings we have especially when we are faced with difficulties so we need to learn ways to be grateful and give thanks to Allah for what we have.
We should make a habit of saying Alhamdulillah all the time, whether we’re in a time of hardship or ease. Allah loves those who are grateful so in consistently saying Alhamdulillah we will reap many rewards and success. 
As Allah says: And remember when your Lord proclaimed, “if you are grateful, I will increase you in favour. But if you deny indeed, my punishment is severe.” Quran (14:7)
Ensuring we pray our salah consistently and on time is probably one of the best ways to show gratitude to Allah. Making dua to Allah and asking only from Him. What better time to show how grateful you are than in sujood. Being consistent in our salah and dhikr Allah will give us a great reward, so much more than we could possibly imagine.
As Allah says: whoever does righteousness, whether male or female, while he is a believer – We will surely cause him to live a good life and We will surely give them their reward (in the hereafter) according to the best of what they used to do. Quran (16:97)
All and every blessing and favour we have is from Allah so when we are faced with difficulties we turn to Allah and ask Him to help us. We beg Him to remove the difficulty from our lives and grant us ease. Yet when Allah answers us and removes the difficulty we forget to turn to Allah. We are selective in turning to Him, only when we need to. We act as though the good came from your own hard work. We need to remember that the ease was only through the blessing of Allah, and He can give and take as He wills. So if we are grateful He will increase us and if we are ungrateful aren’t we at risk of having the blessing removed from us?
As Allah says: And whatever you have of favour – it is from Allah. Then when adversity touches you, to Him you cry for help. Then when He removes the adversity from you, at once a party of you associates others with their Lord. Quran (16:53-54)
We should try and have positive thoughts whatever situation we are in and try to positive in what we what we say. What we think and say has a huge effect on us. If we think negative thoughts then we will become ungrateful but if we remain positive then we are more likely to be grateful for all the blessings we have been given.
We know that Allah is not in need of our worship, it is in fact us who are going to benefit from worshipping Allah. Allah gives us so many blessings, that’s for our benefit and us being grateful for the blessings is also for our benefit! So in showing our gratitude we are only going to get more blessings from Allah.
As Allah says: And when (Suleiman) saw it placed before him, he said, “This is from the favour of my Lord to test me whether I will be grateful or ungrateful. And whoever is grateful – his gratitude is only for (the benefit of) himself. And whoever is ungrateful – then indeed, my Lord is free of need and generous. Quran (27:40)
Being grateful for what others do for us is also a way of showing gratitude to Allah. If someone does something nice for us or gives us a gift we should be grateful no matter how big or small it is. Saying thank you and letting the person know you appreciate it is a way of showing gratitude to Allah. As we know the prophet (saw) said, that whoever does not thank people does not thank Allah. So if we are not grateful to the people in our lives then we are in fact being ungrateful to Allah. 
We should remember that Allah is Ash-Shaakir, the rewarded of good and Ash-Shakoor, the appreciative. He recognises and appreciates our good actions and ibadah and rewards us greatly for even the smallest of actions. His reward is far greater in proportion to the gratitude we show. When we realise this then we can begin to appreciate just how many blessings we are given.
And lastly I will leave you with some food for thought: “Saying alhamdulillah deserves another alhamdulillah in itself, to thank Allah for allowing us to give thanks to Him.” SubhanAllah!

Liebster award

So my lovely sister has nominated me for the Liebster award. So surprising as I’ve not been blogging long and wasn’t really expecting it. Please do check out her blog. Here’s the link https://theindianrevertedmuslimah.wordpress.com 

The Official Rules Of The Liebster Award 

If you have been nominated for The Liebster Award AND YOU CHOOSE TO ACCEPT IT, write a blog post about the Liebster award in which you:

1. thank the person who nominated you, and post a link to their blog on your blog.

2. display the award on your blog — by including it in your post and/or displaying it using a “widget” or a “gadget”. (Note that the best way to do this is to save the image to your own computer and then upload it to your blog post.)

3. answer 11 questions about yourself, which will be provided to you by the person who nominated you.

4. provide 11 random facts about yourself.

5. nominate 5 – 11 blogs that you feel deserve the award, who have a less than 1000 followers. (Note that you can always ask the blog owner this since not all blogs display a widget that lets the readers know this information!)

6. create a new list of questions for the blogger to answer.

7. list these rules in your post (You can copy and paste from here.) Once you have written and published it, you then have to:

8. Inform the people/blogs that you nominated that they have been nominated for the Liebster award and provide a link for them to your post so that they can learn about it (they might not have ever heard of it!)

Okay so my lovely sister asked these questions which I now need to answer so here goes…
1. The one thing you wish to achieve in your life? What is stopping you from getting it?
Well my passion well and truly is studying, yes lol studying. I have especially grown to love studying about Islam and what I would love nothing more is to spend time really studying, attending a structured full time class, maybe even doing BA in islamic studies or something. But at the moment it isn’t possible for me to study full time, my husband is about to start university and I want to fully support him and make it as easy as possible for him to be able to complete his degree. Once he graduates then inshaAllah I can return to university or attend a full time course studing about our deen. For now I attend evening and weekend classes.
2. Who is the person closest to your heart and what is the one quality in him/her that you love most?
Without a doubt it’s my cousin brother Rayyan, he’s 7 years old now but ever since he was born I loved him like my little brother. Leaving him to move to London when I got married was harder than leaving the rest of my family, it’s him that I miss most often. The thing I love about him most is his curiosity especially about Islam. He loves to listen to Quran stories and always asks loads of questions about Allah and our deen and they’re not just any questions they’re really deep thought provoking questions.
3. One skill you wish you had and one thing you already have in yourself that you are proud of.
Hmm that’s a hard one lol well I know I wish I had more patience as I’m quite short tempered. If I’m tired then I can snap easily especially at my husband. And I think what I do have is determination. I am one of those people that when I want to achieve something I will put my absolute best effort into it. I don’t believe in just maybe giving it a go, if I want to do something I will try my best so whether I achieve it or not I know that at least I tried my best and I won’t have any regrets. I am glad I’m like this as alhamdulillah it has help me achieve a lot over the years.
4. Do you consider yourself spiritual, moderately spiritual or not spiritual?
Hmm well I would say that I try to practice Islam as much as I can but my knowledge is limited so I try and do as much as I can to the best of my knowledge. I think over the years especially when I started university I began practicing more. 
5. Your favourite blogger and why?
Well I don’t think I have a favourite blogger yet as I’ve only recently started blogging on WordPress and I haven’t had a chance to really look through many blogs. But I do love my sisters blog, I love the flip side stories they’re so interesting and although they’re fictional they could just as easily be true which is what I love best about them. 
6. One thing about your country that you would like to change.
Well that’s easy, change how the media works! It should be illegal to spread lies and exaggerate stories and they have to post real news and not just gossip about celebrities. I hate gossip and slander more than anything else.
7. Your thought of an ideal life in this dunya.
Well actually Boona Mohammad’s spoken word called back to the future describes it perfectly. You can listen to it here:
But aside from that if life could be exactly how I wanted I would spend it studying the deen and then inshaAllah teaching my children. I would love to be attending classes with my husband and living in sukoon inshaAllah.
8. Would you forgive someone who immense hurt you in exchange for him/her being your neighbour in Jannah? 
Hmm that’s a really difficult one, I think I could forgive them eventually but I don’t think I could forget what they did. It’s something that makes it difficult for me to forgive someone who has really deeply hurt me. But inshaAllah once we’re in Jannah it will all be forgotten anyways.
9. Three most beautiful names you heard.
That is so difficult I love so many names! I guess if I had to pick it would be Hafsah, Ruqayyah, Khadijah. 
10. What is the genre you like to read?
I grew up loving fantasy books, but the last few years I discovered islamic fiction and I’m in love with it.
11. The one question you hate answering.
The question I hate to answer most of all is…so, can you tell me something about yourself…I absolutely hate it, it’s so vague and I have no idea what they would actually want to know!
So that’s all the questions answered! Okay so now I need to tell you some random facts about myself, so here you go…
  • Hardly any pronounces my name right initially, Naleem is the most common “name” I’m called.
  • I’m the oldest of 5 sisters, yup no brothers!
  • I’m a complete bookworm! I could spend the whole day reading if I had time.
  • I’m sure I have ocd when it comes to keeping things organised. Everything has to be kept in its specific place or it drives me crazy!
  • I hate cooking lol I only cook now because I have to lol
  • Even though I hate to cook I actually love to bake, trust me they’re different lol
  • I love banoffee pie, actually everything banoffee flavour lol
  • I got married almost 9 months ago, time flies!
  • My little cousin Rayyan (he’s 7) hated my husband for “stealing” me and he wouldn’t talk to my husband for months after we got married.
  • I have a really bad addiction, accessorize bags! 
  • Lastly, I think everyone should know that despite being married, me and my husband are the biggest kids ever! 
So my list of questions are for you all to answer inshaAllah 
1. What inspired you to start blogging?
2. What’s your favourite quote/saying?
3. What is your favourite book?
4. And why?
5. What is the one thing you would love to do/achieve?
6. Where would you love to travel to?
7. What is your dream career?
8. What is your favourite subject? What do you love to study or learn about?
9. Who inspires you? 
10. What is your favourite food?
Okay so the blogs I nominate are:
If you do accept please do let me know inshaAllah I would love to read yours! 🙂

A Blessing in Disguise 

“Good health is a crown only the sick can see” Imam Shafi’i

Ever since I can remember I have almost always had some sort of illness, whether it’s a cold, chest infection, anaemia or more recently a back problem. I am ill so often that I sometimes forget what it feels like to be fit and healthy. This has come with its many challenges, I’ve had to take time off school and when I was at university it became even harder. Trying to study when you’re ill is no easy job, along with the long hours of commuting to university and trying to help out at home, well, that can totally drain you by the end of the day. You just feel like you have no energy to do anything. 
During my final year of university, I truly understood what it meant to be healthy. During that summer I had been ill, having recurring chest infections which lasted about 4months but the effects as a result of these infections continued well into the new year. I didn’t start feeling like myself again until about 8/9 months later. It was at that time I was also diagnosed with having prolapsed discs, something which will affect me for the rest of my life. During the long months of illness I had to take time off university and move a placement to the summer as I couldn’t work in the hospital with chest infections. Walking up the stairs was like running a marathon and my whole body ached. This along with my ongoing back problem really made me feel useless. I became really sad and withdrawn from my family and friends. But it was during this time that I truly understood the word “Alhamdulillah”. When I was unable to do even the simplest things I then realised just how blessed I was. I was finally able to improve the quality of my salah, something I had been struggling with for a while. I felt truly connected to Allah. It was my illness that brought me closer to Allah in a way that no success in my life ever could. Yes, at first when I became ill I couldn’t function like normal it made me very upset and frustrated. I was irritable and had very little tolerance for anything. I didn’t want to speak to anyone and felt like I was worthless. But when I finally realised that if I continued like this I would become very depressed and it would make me worse not better I finally started to pull myself out of this downward spiral. 
Instead of lying in bed doing nothing or just watching some TV I changed that with reading, making dhikr and watching lectures. I would do my absolute best to pray all 5 salah and read the Quran with translation. I attended courses at my local masjid which gave me weekly imaan boosts. 
These things helped me so much during my illness I wasn’t so angry anymore but the most important thing that truly helped me was that I just accepted that whatever had happened to me was because Allah knew that this was best for me. Once I accepted this I was actually able to do so much more than I expected. I still am limited to what I can do but comparing myself to when I was just angry and irritable I am able to do a lot more in my day now. There are still times when I find it harder to cope with my illness and I feel frustrated and irritable but I don’t allow it to consume me and those moments do pass. 
I know that there are so many people who are suffering from illnesses many much worse than mine but I just wanted to share my experience because I know how difficult it can be. When you are ill it is easy to just give up and feel helpless but we should remember that this was decreed for us for a reason. Allah always knows what is best for us and He is the best of planners. 
Remembering these hadiths and ayahs always helped me to get through the times when I felt down:
  • “Do people think that they will be left alone because they say: “We believe,” and will not be tested?” (Qur’an, 29:2) 
  • “Allah does not burden a soul beyond that it can bear…” (Quran, 2:286).
  • The Prophet (saw) said: “There is no calamity that befalls a Muslim but Allah expiates (sin) thereby, even a thorn that pricks him.” Narrated by al-Bukhari, 5640; Muslim, 2572.
  • “They plan and Allah plans and Allah is the best of planners” (Quran 8:30)
  • “Verily, with hardship there is ease” (Quran 94:6)
When we really reflect on what they are telling us we realise a few things. That every single one of us will be tested in some way and that it may be that Allah is testing us through this illness. So just like we would work hard for our school exams we should strive to not only pass but excel in this test. Allah tells us that whatever test he sends our way we will be able to bear it, even if we think at that time we cannot make it through this difficulty. So with the right mindset and we will get through it no matter how hard things may become. The hadith of the Prophet (saw) always makes me feel better as I think about how many sins I may have committed knowingly and unknowingly and that through my illness it is being wiped away. This shows just how merciful Allah is, subhanallah. This last ayah I share with you is truly profound, many people think, just as I did, that this means we will have times of hardship followed by times of ease. But I recently read an article which helped me see this ayah in a new perspective. It says WITH hardship there is ease so even in times of hardship there will be ease as well. The two come together not one after the other. Now thinking about it this way gives a person so much more hope. This time may be hardship but it won’t be all bad. You will have plenty of good moments even if you are ill for a long time. Something I only really noticed after really understanding this ayah.
I still have bad days when I feel upset or frustrated about how much my health condition limits me in things I want to do, this feeling is natural but it shouldn’t consume me and I know that Allah is the best of planners and whatever He has planned for me through his infinite wisdom will be so much better for me than anything that i could imagine, I just need to trust Allah. I know there is a reason for Him giving me this health condition. 
I truly hope that what I have shared with you will be of benefit to you and that it may help you through your illness or hardship you are going through.