60) As Samad
This Name of Allah appears in the Qu’ran once. Allah says:
Allah; the eternal refuge [al Ikhlaas 112:2]
It also appears in a hadith in Tirmidhi.
Abu Hurairah narrates that ―I entered the mosque in the company of the blessed Prophet peace be upon him and saw a man who had finished performing prayer and was making the following dua:
The blessed Prophet peace be upon him claimed ―by his honour in whose hands my life is that person has beseeched his lord through His great name. Whenever a person asks him through His great name he always grants him and whenever he offers a prayer through His great name he accepts it. [At Tirmidhi]
Du’a using Names of Allah are more likely to be accepted, as seen in this hadith.
comes from verb samada. To withstand, remain firm/steadfast, to resist.
Ibn Jarir at Tabari says: As Samad means, the Master who doesn’t need anything, the One to whom there is no one above, whom there is no one greater and who everyone is in dire need of.
Az Zujaji says: He is the master that withstands, and doesn’t need anything. He is Self sufficient and everything is in dire need of Allah. Ibn Qayyim says: He is the illaah, He is the Lord, As-Sayyid – the Master, the Creator, the One above all, As Samad – the One to whom the entire creation are in need of. He is perfect in His description from every angle, and perfect without their being any single deficiency. Ibn Abbas says: this means the One to whom all creation depends upon for their needs and requests. He is the Master who is perfect in His Sovereignty, the most noble who is perfect in His nobility, the most magnificent, who is perfect in His magnificence, the most forbearing, who is perfect in His forbearance the all knowing, who is perfect in His knowledge, the most wise, who is perfect in His wisdom, He is the One who is perfect in all aspects of nobility and authority. He is Allah, glory be onto Him. These Attributes are not befitting to anyone other than Him. He has no co-equal and nothing is like Him. As Samad is the Master whose control is complete. As Samad doesn’t just mean One who is self sufficient but He is perfect in all the characteristics that He has, Master of every characteristic. So He is the master of rahma, the master of ‘izzah, the master of rizq, the master of hearing, seeing, knowledge etc. He is self sufficient and free of the need of anything. He doesn’t need our ibadah. If the whole world was to disobey Him, it wouldn’t increase or decrease His power or kingdom at all. And if the whole world was to worship Him, how He is meant to be worshipped, again, it would not increase or decrease the glory and power of Allah. He is perfect in everything.
On the authority of Abu Dharr al-Ghifaree (may Allah be pleased with him) from the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) from his Lord, that He said:
O My servants! I have forbidden dhulm (oppression) for Myself, and I have made it forbidden amongst you, so do not oppress one another. O My servants, all of you are astray except those whom I have guided, so seek guidance from Me and I shall guide you. O My servants, all of you are hungry except those whom I have fed, so seek food from Me and I shall feed you. O My servants, all of you are naked except those whom I have clothed, so seek clothing from Me and I shall clothe you. O My servants, you commit sins by day and by night, and I forgive all sins, so seek forgiveness from Me and I shall forgive you. O My servants, you will not attain harming Me so as to harm Me, and you will not attain benefiting Me so as to benefit Me. O My servants, if the first of you and the last of you, and the humans of you and the jinn of you, were all as pious as the most pious heart of any individual amongst you, then this would not increase My Kingdom an iota. O My servants, if the first of you and the last of you, and the humans of you and the jinn of you, were all as wicked as the most wicked heart of any individual amongst you, then this would not decrease My Kingdom an iota. O My servants, if the first of you and the last of you, and the humans of you and the jinn of you, were all to stand together in one place and ask of Me, and I were to give everyone what he requested, then that would not decrease what I Possess, except what is decreased of the ocean when a needle is dipped into it. O My servants, it is but your deeds that I account for you, and then recompense you for. So he who finds good, let him praise Allah, and he who finds other than that, let him blame no one but himself. [Musim – Hadith Qudsi]
This hadith shows the dire need of the creation on As Samad for everything from guidance to food and clothes and forgiveness for our numerous sins. It also displays the self sufficiency and richness of Allah, whose kingdom does not decrease in the slightest from any act of obedience or disobedience from any of His slaves and from His granting all His slaves their requests. Allahu Akbar.
From the other shar’ee meaning of As Samad is the One in which the creation is in dire need of then without Allah, we are nothing. All of these meanings come from the Name As Samad.
It was written in the Tafsir of Ibn Kathir: In his Book of Salah, Al-Bukhari recorded that Anas said, “A man from the Ansar used to lead the people in prayer in the Masjid of Quba’. Whenever he began a Surah in the recitation of the prayer that he was leading them, he would start by reciting `Say: He is Allah, One’ until he completed the entire Surah. Then he would recite another Surah along with it (after it). And used to do this in every Rak`ah. So his companions spoke to him about this saying; `Verily, you begin the prayer with this Surah. Then you think that it is not sufficient for you unless you recite another Surah as well. So you should either recite it or leave it and recite another Surah instead.’ The man replied, `I will not leave it off. If you want me to continue leading you (in prayer), I will do this; and if you all do not like it, I will leave you (i.e., I will stop leading you).’ They used to consider him to be of the best of them to lead them in prayer and they did not want anyone else to lead them other than him. So, when the Prophet, sallalahu alayhi wasalaam, came they informed him of this information and he said, ‗O so-and-so! What prevents you from doing what your companions are commanding you to do, and what makes you adhere to the recitation of this Surah in every Rak`ah?‘ The man said, `Verily, I love it.’ The Prophet, sallalahu alayhi wasalaam, replied, your love of it will cause you to enter Paradise.‘
This short, but amazingly beautiful and profound surah is a description of Allah Himself, His Oneness, His samad‘yyah and His incomparability. Allah revealed this surah as a powerful answer to the people of Makkah who asked the Prophet salallahu ‗alayhi wa sallam to describe His Lord and His lineage.‘
What is ikhlaas ( sincerity)? It is doing deeds purely for Him and to seek His pleasure, because He is Al-Ahad, the One and Unique. It is turning to Him for our needs and desires and desire Him only, because He is As-Samad, The Eternal and the Satisfier of Needs, and it is to live by the fact that there is no one equal to Him in any of His Attributes.
Benefits we can learn from this Name
1. Once a person knows that he is need of Allah, the One who is perfect and has no deficiencies, and he affirms this, then he understands that it is to Him that true muhabba should be shown to. It is Allah that is needed for our life in dunya and our life in aakirah. And once this tarbiyyah is built, then the slave will turn to Allah in everything that he needs and thus a person will build his muhabba. Allah says:
Whatever Allah grants to people of mercy – none can withhold it; and whatever He withholds – none can release it thereafter. And He is the Exalted in Might, the Wise. [al Faatir 35:2]
When Allah grants us a blessing, He grants us something we need from Him being As Samad. And as stated in the ayah, no one from the creation can hold back something that Allah is going to give you.
2. Ta’dheem of Allah – to glorify Allah and to praise Him and to thank Him and to understand who Allah is, for He – As Samad, He has no deficiencies, He is perfect in all His Attributes and characteristics and everything that He does. We glorify Him and He deserves this glory due to His perfection in every single characteristic He has, He deserves true glory and true praise.
3. We attain tawwakul in Allah, who is As Samad. When we are in need of Him for anything we need of the blessings from Him, then let us trust the One who holds the blessings of the dunya in His hands, the One who grants everything.
4. Realise your dependence on Him. One of the meanings of As-Samad is the One who is independent and self-sufficient. A person is not samad. Why do we often act like as if we are independent? Especially during good times when we are healthy and wealthy we tend to forget we are even dependant on As-Samad for the strap of our shoe. So remind yourself daily that you are dependent on Him.
5. Turn to As-Samad in good and bad times and rely on Him, resting assured He is the Eternal Refuge and the One who will satisfy your needs in the way He knows is best for you. If you truly believe in As-Samad, your strongest desire will be to meet Him and your only fear will be that of His displeasure. So strive to be a real servant of Allah. The disbeliever is a slave of his desires, or of fashion, his belly, and his money. So beg Him to decrease the love for this world in your heart, including love of being praised by people, and replace it with a firm desire for His pleasure alone.
As Samad and other Names
As Samad appears in the Qu’ran and in the du’a of the sahabi mentioned in the hadith, directly after the Name Al Ahad because there is only One Samad – only One being that is perfect, only One being that everyone else needs, there is only One being that is truly self sufficient and free from any need. Every part of creation needs something else for them to be able to live, regardless how rich that person or thing may seem. The truth is, none from the creation is self sufficient. No creation is perfect in their characteristics. Regardless how wise a person may be, he is not perfect in his wisdom. Regardless how knowledgable a person may be, he is not perfect in his knowledge. Regardless how powerful a person is, there will come a day where he would cease to exist. But Allah is Al Ahad, As Samad. He will always be self sufficient and never in need of or dependent on anything.
61) Ar Raaziq
This Name of Allah is mentioned in the Qu’ran 5 times. For example Allah says:
Said Jesus, the son of Mary, “O Allah, our Lord, send down to us a table [spread with food] from the heaven to be for us a festival for the first of us and the last of us and a sign from You. And provide for us, and You are the best of providers.” [al Maeda 5:114]
Allah also says:
Or do you, [O Muhammad], ask them for payment? But the reward of your Lord is best, and He is the best of providers. [al Muminoon 23:72]
62) Ar Razzaaq
This Name of Allah is mentioned in the Qur’an once. Allah says:
ndeed, it is Allah who is the [continual] Provider, the firm possessor of strength . [adh Dhariyaat 51:58]
Both Names come from the word razaqa which means to provide, supply with provisions and necessities of life. The complete way of providing and sustaining.
Ar-Raaziq is the One who provides provisions, the bestower of sustenance. Al Khattabi says: Ar-Raaziq is the one that stands ready to provide provisions from His quwwa for the entire creation. So He sends to the entire creation His provisions and His rahma as his provisions is a form of rahma. He creates all means of nourishment and provision. Ar-Razzaaq is fi’al mubaalagha (exaggerated form) of Raaziq – the One who gives provisions. Allah is always, in every single moment throughout all of time, providing for His creation. He is providing provisions for those who are alive and those who are dead. He provides for the dead the reward or the punishment they deserve. Allah is always Razzaaq and He is always Raaziq even before He created the creation, as is the case in all of His Names. He was always these Names even before He applied them. Imam S’adi says: the rizq of Allah is of 2 types.
1. The provisions of the body – materialistic, tangible provisions. Providing nourishment, care and shelter for the body. General for both Muslim and kafir.
2. The rizq of the heart – with ilm and eemaan. By allowing the heart to know what is halal and what is haraam and to be comfortable and content with Islam, by guiding the heart. This is the specific rizq for the Muslims.
Benefits we can learn from these Names
1. Attain tawakkul in Allah because we know that provisions lie in His hands. Just like the bird who leaves in the morning hungry only to return to his nest with a full stomach in the evening.
Rasoolullah sallalahu alayhi wassalam said in a hadith: If only you relied on Allah a true reliance, He would provide sustenance for you just as He does the birds: They fly out in the morning empty and return in the afternoon with full stomachs.” [Ahmad, An-Nasaa‘I, Ibn Majah, Al-Hakim and At-Tirmidhi – Hasan Sahih] Trust in Ar Razzaaq. Never commit bad deeds in the Name of seeking provision, and trust that all provisions will come from Allah ‗azza wa jal. A beautiful example is the baby raven; when it hatches, it looks white and therefore its mother (black in colour) denies it and doesn‘t recognise it. Then Ar Razzaaq sends it insects to feed on until its feathers grow and turn black for its mother to recognise it. As a baby this bird is left forsaken, but Allah sends it its provision. Just as He provided for you when you were in the womb, He will provide for you after you are born.
2. Be content. Be satisfied with all the rizq you are given. Umar ibn al-Khattaab radiyallahu ‗anhu said:
No amount of guilt can change the past. No amount of worrying can change the future. Go easy on yourself, for the outcome of all affairs is determined by Allah’s decree. If something is meant to go elsewhere, it will never come on your way, but if it is yours by destiny, from you it cannot flee.
Complaining about your body or your wealth means you complain against Ar Razzaaq; strive for ridaa (contentment with His Decree. Provision has to do with honesty and uprightness. What you see of wealth given to some and poverty to others is only superficial; Allah azza wa ljal will bestow the best types of rizq on the best types of people. You need to work as if your rizq depends on how hard you try, but in your heart you know that nothing will come to you except what He has written for you. Knowing that rizq is guaranteed is not an excuse to be lazy. Ar Razzaaq recompenses you according to your intentions. Never be envious of the provisions that Allah has bestowed on others. Because Allah provides to whom He wills, whatever He wants.
3. Never be arrogant over the provisions a person has because it doesn’t belong to him it belongs to Allah. And know that Allah can take it away from you whenever He wants, and it could be due to this arrogance.
4. Understand the ways of Ar Razzaaq Some people do good deeds and practise their religion, yet they don‘t feel much spiritual comfort. This motivates them to hasten to do more righteous work, which helps them to go to the higher and better spiritual state that Allah Ar Razzaaq wants them to reach. So you might feel deprived of spiritual rizq (like tranquillity in the heart), but this is a way Allah azza wa jall causes you to be motivated to do more and therefore be elevated even more.
5. Ponder what Ar Razzaaq has given you. He placed us on fertile lands with countless blessings; even without care the green crops grow, flowers blossom, fruits and vegetables come out of the soil, and the blue oceans are bursting with fish. Ar Razzaaq places the meat of most animals and birds at our service and gives them pure milk and honey. Contemplate your environment and grow your love for Ar Razzaaq and your will to please Him.
6. Remember the counterparts in the Hereafter. All the blessings from this world have perfect counterparts in the Hereafter. Remember the food and drinks in Jannah and ask Ar Razzaaq for them each day. The people of the hellfire will have the most horrific foods and drink; ask Ar Razzaaq to protect you from these.
7. Use your rizq in the right way. Be trustworthy with Allah‘s provisions; don‘t seek haram means; this also prevents your supplications from being answered. One of the things that prevent your rizq from reaching you is your sin. So if you see people disobeying Allah who have material rizq, Ar Razzaaq may have denied them their spiritual rizq, which is much worse.
8. Learn how to increase your rizq. In the Qur’an and Sunnah ways are mentioned for you to increase your rizq; look out for them. Examples are striving for taqwa, praying with khushoo‘, having tawakkul (reliance on Allah), upholding the ties of kinship, being thankful, asking for forgiveness and repenting, giving charity, and reading the Qur’an. When Fatima radiyallahu anha complained to the Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam about her heavy work, he said:
Shall I direct you to something better than what you have requested? When you go to bed say Subhan Allah‘ thirty-three times, Alhamdulillah‘ thirty three times, and Allahu Akbar‘ thirty four times, for that is better for you than a servant . [Al-Bukhari] Benefit from this advice.
Ar Razzaaq and other Names
Allah mentions Ar Razzaaq with Al Quwwa al Mateen – One who has the power to do everything, severely powerful. Why are these Names coupled? Because He has the power to provide us with anything we want. Allah is always carrying out the actions of His siffat at the same time, throughout all time, to the entire creation. Ponder over the greatness of Allah. Shows the Ta’dheem of Allah. He is so powerful that He is providing for the entire creation, dead and alive, and at the same time He is changing the haal (state) of people. Always ask for the best when making du’a, never think Allah won’t be able to give you anything. When asking for Jannah, ask for Jannatul firdaws. Committing sins can prevent provisions by losing a blessing that Allah has bestowed. Imam Shafi’ee said: I once was in the market place and I looked at the ankle of a women, by Allah from this day onwards I was unable to memorise the way I used to (Imam Shafi’ee had a photographic memory) I went to Wakeel (his teacher) and complained about this incident, he advised me to leave sinning because he said ilm is from the light of Allah and this light is not bestowed upon sinner. So sinning can have direct effects on the blessings that Allah has given. Blessings can be connected to the deen or not connected to the deen. One of the salaf used to say: My camel would always listen to me, when I told it to take me to a place it did so, until the day I committed a major sin, and then it never listened to me every again.‖ When something happens that comes out of nowhere then its often a sign that it has happened due to a sin – for example a blessing being taken away, e.g. car breaking down, having an argument with family member for no reason. (but it can also be other reasons such as ‘ayn, sihir etc).
63) Al Mubeen
This Name of Allah appears in Qu’ran once. Allah says:
On that day Allah will pay them their just due, and they will know that Allah, He is the Manifest Truth [an Nur 24:25] Al Mubeen is similar in meaning to Al Haqq.
to clarify, to make clear, to explain. To make clear to such an extent that there can be no doubt about it.
Allah throughout all His Names and Attributes and all of the things He has asked us to ponder and contemplate about shows that He is the One that exists. He has clarified in the Qu’ran that he exists and He has made it clear by creating the creation. He is the One that is clear, the One that is there. Ibn Jariri at Tabari says: Allah is Mubeen, Allah exists and there is no doubt about His existence. When Allah says He is Haqqul Mubeen, Allah is saying that if you can’t see how clear Allah is today, one day you will see. Allah is clear and He has made things clear in the dunya and the aakirah. His shari’ah is clear, His commands are clear, His prohibitions are clear. And the one that engages in the prohibitions, Allah has made the adhaab for that person clear, and the one who follows the commandments, Allah has made the jazaa’ (reward) for that person clear. Imam Sa’di says that the clearness of Allah from the Name Al Mubeen is separated into 2 categories:
1) Dhuhoor adillah – clearness of Allah’s evidences, to prove His existence and to prove is Ruboobiyyah and uluhiyyah and His asma wa siffat. Allah has made these clear throughout the Qur’an and the sunnah.
2) Allah will make Himself clear to the slaves of Allah in Jannah. He will make His face able to be seen on the Day of Increase in Jannah.
With His Name Mubeen, Allah describes the Qur’an and He describes His Prophet Muhammad sallalahu alayhi wassalam. Allah says:
Alif, Lam, Ra. These are the verses of the clear Book. [Yusuf 12: 1]
Allah calls Al Qur’an Mubeen because it provides clear evidences to what is right and what is wrong, what is true and what is false. Allah says:
How will there be for them a reminder [at that time]? And there had come to them a clear Messenger. [ad Dukhaan 44:13]
Muhammad sallalahu alayhi wassalaam has also been described as Mubeen, because he has explained to us clearly the ayat in Qu’ran that needed explanation. He has explained to us about everything for example Allah told us in the Qur’an to make wudu and Muhammad sallalahu alayhi wassalam showed us how to make wudu and the same goes for salah and other acts of ibaadah. Allah calls Qu’ran Al Mubeen because it is a sifaat of Allah. But He describes Muhammad sallalahu alayhi wassalam as just Mubeen (without the definite particle Al/The). Al Mubeen is only for Allah.
Benefits we can learn from this Name
1. Allah has made it clear to us how to worship Him. We don’t have any excuse on yawmal qiyyamah because Allah has made everything mubeen. There is no doubt at all about the existence of Allah because Allah is Al Mubeen. All of His sifaat are clear. Excuse of ignorance can be given in some matters but not all and Islam doesn’t allow ignorance when it comes to the right of Allah and His ubudiyyah.
2. Follow the signs. Follow the way Allah Al-Mubeen made clear for you from the two sources: the Qur’an and sunnah. Al-Mubeen says:
O people of the scripture,There has come to you Our Messenger making clear to you much of what you used to conceal of the scripture and overlooking much. There has come to you from Allah a light and a clear (mubeen) Book [al Maeda 5:15]. Study the explanation of the Quran, such as the Tafseer of Ibn Katheer to gain more understanding of the meanings. Don‘t be satisfied by merely reciting the Quran without understanding it, how else can it be a source of guidance? So treat the ayaat of the Qur’an as the signs on your way through this life as they are meant to be and focus on your final destination: Paradise. Study the ways of the Prophet salallahu ‗alayhi wa sallam as Allah ‗azza wa jall describes him as mubeen:
It has not been revealed to me except that I am a clear (mubeen) warner [Saad 38:70]. Revive his sunnah in your daily life.
3. Know your enemy. One of the ways Allah Al-Mubeen clarifies the straight path is by warning us against hindrances and enemies on our way for whom we should be prepared. Allah azza wa jall says:
O mankind, eat from whatever is on earth [that is] lawful and good and do not follow the footsteps of Satan. Indeed, he is to you a clear enemy [al Baqarah 2:168] Treat shaytan as your enemy and use a‘oodhu billaahi minash-shaytanir rajeem‘ as a daily life weapon in times of anger, doubt and fear.
4. Never belittle sins. It is Al-Mubeen who clarifies for you what is right and what is wrong; never see a sin as small or big, rather consider the One you are sinning against. Allah ‗azza wa jall says:
But whoever earns an offence or a sin and then blames it on an innocent has taken upon himself a slander and manifest (mubeen) sin [an Nisaa 4:112] . Ask Al-Mubeen sincerely to make you recognise your sins, so you are able to repent and set them straight. How many people are blinded by their own sins?
5. Call yourself to account before you are called to account. Al-Mubeen will ultimately clarify everything for us on the Day of Judgement, where lies will be made evident and the truth cannot be escaped from by the disbelievers. Allah azza wa jall says:
So worship what you will besides Him. Say, Indeed, the losers are the ones who will lose themselves and their families on the Day of Resurrection. Unquestionably, that is the manifest (mubeen) loss [az Zumar 39:15].
Pray to Al-Mubeen that you will not become a case against yourself on this dreadful day because of your bad deeds overshadowing your good deeds, because of the sins you belittled or because of the friends you chose:
O you who have believed, do not take the disbelievers as allies instead of the believers. Do you wish to give Allah against yourselves a clear (mubeen) case? [an Nisaa 4:144]
64) Al Haadiy
This Name of Allah appears in the Qur’an twice. Allah says:
And thus have We made for every prophet an enemy from among the criminals. But sufficient is your Lord as a guide and a helper. [al Furqaan 25:31]
Allah also says:
And so those who were given knowledge may know that it is the truth from your Lord and [therefore] believe in it, and their hearts humbly submit to it. And indeed is Allah the Guide of those who have believed to a straight path. [al Hajj 22:54]
comes from the word Hada, yahdi, ihdi, al huda which means direction and guidance. It also means to take something out of something and to put them into something else. It also means obedience, and also means gardens. Az Zujaji says it means evidence and to guide someone to a path, road, a way, to take them out from one way into another way.
Ibn Jarir at Tabari says that Allah by the Name Al-Haadiy is the One that grants guidance and direction to those who believe with turth, Allah will guide and direct them to the path which is true. Allah is enough for us, through these two Names; the Lord that grants provisions through Roobubiyyah and the Lord that grants provisions through hidayah through the Name Al-Haadiy. He grants guidance, directions, He takes us away from the path of evil to the path of good. He guides us from darkness into light. Az Zujaaji says that Al Haadiy is the One that guides the believers, He guides them to Him, upon a path that is clear, from His Name Al-Mubeen, a path that has the actions of the people of Jannah. Al-Haadiy is the One who removes a person from the path of kufr and takes them to the siraatal mustaqeem and keeps them firm on this path, and once they are on that path, He gives to them An-Nahaar – the gardens of Jannah (which is anther meaning of Haadiy). Ibn Qayyim says the guidance of Allah through His Name Al Haadiy is split into 4 categories.
1. Al Hidayahtul ‘aama mustariqa baynal khalq – the guidance that is general that is shared between the entire creation. Allah says:
He [Musa] said, “Our Lord is He who gave each thing its form and then guided [it]. [Ta Ha 20:50] This type of guidance mentioned in the ayah is the guidance that is general, which is shared between the entire creation. This guidance is the guidance of Allah when He creates something, He guides that thing to be able to do that which it has been created for. Allah created the hand and He created the foot and He created the eyes and He created the tongue and He created the ears and He created the different parts of the body. After He created them, He guided them to be able to do that which they were created for. So Allah, after creating the feet, He guided the feet to be able to stand and to be able to walk. After He created the hands, He guided the hands to be able to grasp and to be able to point and touch. After He created the eyes, He guided the eyes so they can see. After He created the tongue, He guided this piece of flesh to speak, to taste. Allah guided the ears to be able to hear. Every part of the body, every organ, that which is inside and out, they all have been given the guidance to do exactly that which it was made to carry out.
2. Al Hidayatal jinn wal ins – The guidance to make things clear. What is good and what is evil and what path is of Jannah and what path is of Jahannam.
3. The guidance of tawfeeq, to be able to take the path of what is clear and good. Allah says:
Then is one to whom the evil of his deed has been made attractive so he considers it good [like one rightly guided]? For indeed, Allah sends astray whom He wills and guides whom He wills. [al Faatir 35:8] Rasoolullah sallalahu alayhi wassalam said: whoever Allah guides non can misguide Him and whoever Allah leaves to go astray, none can guide Him.‖ Allah also says:
Indeed, [O Muhammad], you do not guide whom you like, but Allah guides whom He wills. And He is most knowing of the [rightly] guided. [al Qassas 28:56]
4. The guidance of the aakirah. On yawmal qiyyamah Allah will guide us through His Name Al Haadiy the path to take to get to Jannah and He will decree for angels to either take us to the path of Jannah or to take us to the path of Jahannam. Allah will guide us to our abode. Allah says:
Indeed, those who have believed and done righteous deeds – their Lord will guide them because of their faith. Beneath them rivers will flow in the Gardens of Pleasure. [Yunus 10:9]
Allah says regarding what the people of Jannah will say:
And We will have removed whatever is within their breasts of resentment, [while] flowing beneath them are rivers. And they will say, “Praise to Allah, who has guided us to this; and we would never have been guided if
Allah had not guided us. Certainly the messengers of our Lord had come with the truth.” And they will be called, “This is Paradise, which you have been made to inherit for what you used to do.” [al Aa’raaf 7:43]
Allah says regarding the people of Jahannam:
[The angels will be ordered], “Gather those who committed wrong, their kinds, and what they used to worship
Other than Allah , and guide them to the path of Hellfire. [as Saaffat 37: 22-23]
Benefits we can learn from this Name
1. To Have muhabba and shukr to Allah for guiding us to the first 3 categories of hidayah. For making our organs guided to do what they were meant to, for guiding us to the path of truth and for giving us the tawfeeq on this path. Also it gives us a feeling of shame, that after Allah has given us hidayah of the organs, we still use them to sin. And we should make du’a that Allah makes us of the fourth category of hidayah as well.
2. Keep asking for guidance. If you seek the truth sincerely, Al-Haadiy will guide you to it. As a believer, you say, a minimum of seventeen times a day when you pray: ihdinas siraatal mustaqeem– guide us on the straight path. Why, while you are already guided to Islam, should you keep asking for guidance? Because there are different levels of guidance for you to attain to be truly guided and because you are in need of continuous hidaayah; realise no one is safe from misguidance. Feel it when you say ihdinas siraatal mustaqeem. These are levels of true guidance: guidance of knowledge to know the truth, the capacity to be guided, to desire to be guided, to act upon it, and to remain steadfast in it. For all obstructions that impede guidance to be removed and to be granted sight of your ultimate goal along the path. For you to be aware of your own desperate need for guidance from Allah azza wa jall over any other necessities and to make you see the misguided paths [summarized from Ibn al Qayyim] So next time you say ‗Guide us to the straight path‘, say it with feelings, sincerely asking to attain all levels of guidance from Allah.
3. Seek guidance from Al-Haadiy in each matter. Whenever you feel lost, stuck or when you have to make a decision, turn to Allah ‗azza wa jall before turning to others. Asking for guidance, you can use this beautiful Name, e.g. by starting your invocation with Yaa Haadiy. Whatever guidance someone or something might give you, know that it truly comes from Al-Haadiy. A means to seek hidaayah is to pray the sunnah istakhaarah prayer.
4. Be thankful and do good to increase your guidance. In Paradise you will say: . . . and we would never have been guided if Allah had not guided us. [al Aa’raaf 7:43 see above] Reflect how hidaayah (guidance) is the best hadiyyah (gift) you can ever get, so thank Allah ‗azza wa jall for it each day. Allah says:
Indeed, We guided him to the way, be he grateful or be he ungrateful. [al Insaan 76:3]
Another benefit of thanking Him for guidance is that He will give you more: Allah says:
And [remember] when your Lord proclaimed, ― If you are grateful, I will surely increase you [in favour].‖ But if you deny, indeed, My punishment is severe.‖ [Ibraheem 14:7]
Also, your good deeds are directly linked to your guidance, so the more good deeds you do, the more Al-Haadi ywill increase your guidance:
And Allah increases those who were guided, in guidance, and the enduring good deeds are better to your Lord for reward and better for recourse. [Maryam 19:76]
5. Invite others to the right path. Invite others to the straight path, first and foremost by showing exemplary behaviour yourself. However, know that true guidance is from Al-Haadiy. This should increase you in your confidence in calling others to Islam, as you know that the results are not dependant on your da‘wah or speech but are in the hands of Al-Haadiy; so don‘t get disheartened or arrogant:
Indeed, [O Muhammad], you do not guide whom you like, but Allah guides whom He wills and He is most knowing of the [rightly] guided [al Qasas 28:56]
Al Haadiy and other Names
Allah mentions the Name Al Haadiy with An Naseer. Allah mentions these two Names with each other because the greatest help a person can be given in this life is hidaayah, all the 4 types, as they go hand in hand. To be given the hidaayah to live and die as Muslims and to enter Jannah is the greatest guidance and the greatest help.
65) Al Hakam 66) Al Haakim
Al Hakam appears in the Qur‘an once. Allah says:
Say], “Then is it other than Allah I should seek as judge while it is He who has revealed to you the Book explained in detail?” [al An’aam 6:114]
Al Hakeem appears in Qu’ran five times. For example Allah says:
And if there should be a group among you who has believed in that with which I have been sent and a group that has not believed, then be patient until Allah judges between us. And He is the best of judges.” [al Aa’raaf 7:87]
Allah also says:
Is not Allah the most just of judges? [at Teen 95:8]
Root word means something that prohibits, restrict/prevents from wrongdoing. Haakim the ruler or judge is called something that prohibits because every judge will try to prohibit oppression. Allah being the judge and the One who judges, He prohibits injustice. He is Khayrun Haakimeen – the best of judges, He will prohibit all types of injustice that took place in dunya. Being wise and knowing the true nature of things.
Hakam is the arbitrator between two people. Every injustice that took place between 2 people, Allah will be the arbitrator with Haqq. He will judge with justice, and truthfulness. He legislates rules to turn mankind from wrongdoing and His rules are for our own benefit. Hakam is a verbal noun and emphasises the act of delivering justice whereas hakeem refers to the essential nature of the possessor of wisdom. Al-Hakam refers to the totality of Allah‘s power to judge and arbitrate with perfect justice and immense mercy, which cannot be compared with the judging and arbitrating of any other created being. Al-Haakim is the judge, ruler and master. He will be the judge, the ruler the master Al Qurtabi says: meaning of Haakim is that Allah will be the overall judge of everyone. Al Khattabi says: He has chosen this Name because He has prohibited all forms of injustice. Indeed He has Hukm and everyone of us will return back to Him and Allah will judge between His slaves in what they differed in. Al Qurtabi says: Hakam and Haakim have a subtle difference. The word Hakam is not given to every Haakim. Every Haakim is not necessarily Hakam. But every Hakam is Haakim. Because for one to be Hakam, one must judge with Haqq and one must rule with Haqq. This is why the rulers of this world, even though they may rule with justice they are not Hakam, because the One who is Hakam, doesn’t just rule and judge with haqq but He is glorified and praised because He is completely Hakam, so this word/Name is saved only for Allah. Only Allah knows the ins and out of why a person did something and what reward or punishment he deserves.
Ibn al Qayim says the Hukm of Allah is categorised into 3:
1) Al Hukm kawni al qaddari – things to do with what Allah has decreed in this dunya which is not necessarily related to the deen.
· a) that which a person has some sort of control over for example what they eat, wear etc
· b) Hukm of Allah where a person has no control over for example the weather, gender of child, death.
2) Hukm ad-deeni ash-shar’ee – this is something where a Muslim has no right to chose what he takes and what he doesn’t take. When he finds out something is from Allah and His Messenger sallalahu alayhi wassalam, he must submit to it entirely. Allah says:
It is not for a believing man or a believing woman, when Allah and His Messenger have decided a matter, that they should [thereafter] have any choice about their affair. And whoever disobeys Allah and His Messenger has certainly strayed into clear error.
[al Ahzaab 33:36]
But no, by your Lord, they will not [truly] believe until they make you, [O Muhammad], judge concerning that over which they dispute among themselves and then find within themselves no discomfort from what you have judged and submit in [full, willing] submission. [an Nisaa 4:65] It is not for the believer to turn away from anything in shar’ah, but they must accept everything.
Point of benefit; what does it mean to submit in its entirety? It means not to hate it. As anyone who hates anything from Shari’ah has left the folds of Islam by ijmaa’. A sign that you do not hate something is that when it happens you will understand. For example if your husband was to take another wife, natural jealousy is bound to occur but if you hate it to the extent it interferes with your eemaan and the way you live, then know that its a sign that you actually hate the ruling, which is haraam and is a nullifier of the deen. Allah is Al Hakeem, most wise. Allah through His wisdom that He knows best, has allowed for something to happen for example the permissibility of a Muslim man marrying up to 4 women. Rasoolullah sallalahu alayhi wassalam said:The best amongst you is the one with the most wives. This is a means of looking after more people, and bringing more children into the dunya.
3) Al Hukm al jazaa-i – Hukm of yawmal qiyyamah, Allah will decree who will get rewarded and who will get punished.
[All] sovereignty that Day is for Allah; He will judge between them. So they who believed and did righteous deeds will be in the Gardens of Pleasure.
And they who disbelieved and denied Our signs – for those there will be a humiliating punishment. [al Hajj 22: 56-57]
Benefits we can learn from these Names
1. A person will fear Allah in taking the rights of the people. Allah has prohibited all forms of injustice. On yawmal qiyyamah a person who was wronged someone will be given back their right from the person who had wronged them. Whoever has oppressed his brother, then let him sort it out in this world. Any form of injustice that happens in dunya, if someone has unlawfully oppressed you or mocked you, then know that Allah has your right that is ready for you in aakirah. So never despair or have sorrow that Allah has decreed for someone to take away your rights, because Allah has prepared your rights in the aakirah. So live a life of contentment with regards to all issues of the dunya. Trust in Al-Hakam at all times. Take comfort in the fact that even if people are unjust, you will get your justice from Al-Hakam. Don‘t despair, and fully rely on His judgment. Al-Hakam says:
Follow what has been revealed to you, and be steadfast until Allah‘s judgement comes. He is the Best of Judges. [Yunus 10:109]
2. Be motivated to do good deeds. Al-Hakam is wise. He is the ultimate Judge, and He decreed that you don‘t have to bear the sin of another. You‘ll never ever be wronged by Al-Hakam; you‘re never punished for more than the sin you commit, nor will any good deed go without a reward. This is the justice-system of Al-Hakam:
Whoever brings a good deed shall have ten times the like thereof to his credit, and whoever brings an evil deed shall have only the recompense of the like thereof, and they will not be wronged. [al An’aam 6:160]. Let this motivate you to take each chance to do a good deed; benefit from your health, wealth and free time by using them wisely.
3. Make the Qur’an and sunnah your guides. You should take the Qur’an and the sunnah for guidance in all matters, in all areas in your life. How many people refer to non-Islamic legislations only when it comes to divorce, inheritance, and the like? You should make the Qur’an and sunnah your guidance between right and wrong in everything you do, to guide you in your personal life, your community, your society, your interactions with others, your business, etcetera.
4. Remember Al-Hakam and stand up for the truth. Remind yourself that you will stand before Him one day to be judged by Him. Make this your motivation to mind your actions in this world. Always stand up for truth and justice, even if it‘s against yourself. Strive for a positive verdict from the One and only judge.
5. Always be fair and equal in judging others. Whenever you‘re in a position to judge between parties, for example a family affair, always be equal and just. Al-Hakam says:
Indeed Allah commands you to render trusts to whom they are due and when you judeg between people judge with justice. Excellent is that which Allah instructs you. Indeed, Allah is ever Hearing and Seeing. [an Nisaa 4:58]
6. Never object to the decree of Al-Hakam. Whenever Al-Hakam decrees something, He does so with perfect wisdom. Never object to the decree of Al-Hakam by complaining about your fate and questioning Him
7. Ask Al-Hakam for protection and guidance. Ask Allah Al-Hakam to protect you from injustice at the hands of others and ask Him to make you just toward others. Ask Al-Hakam to make you adhere to whatever He‘s legislated for you.