53) Al Mawlaa
This Name of Allah has been mentioned in the Qur’an 13 times. For Example, Allah says:
But if they turn away – then know that Allah is your protector. Excellent is the protector, and Excellent is the helper. [al Anfaal 8:40]
Allah also says
That is because Allah is the protector of those who have believed and because the disbelievers have no protector. [Muhammad 47:11]
Same root as waliy. Leader, master, expert. But can also be used for slave.
master, completely in charge. Put with Al-Waliy. Allah is the mawla of Haqq. A waliy is someone who is willing to help, protect and support you whereas a mawlaa is more than a waliy; it is someone who has the ability to protect you and does so. Allah is Al- Waliy, the Ally, the Guardian and He is Al-Mawlaa, the Master and Protector. He is the One infinite Protector.
Benefits we can learn from this Name
1. Call upon Al-Mawlaa and strive in His path. In both occasions Allah azza wa jall mentions the statement: ni‘mal Mawlaa wa ni‘mal Naseer , it is preceded by the command to strive in the path of Allah and Islam. So if you struggle with your soul, wealth and person in the way of Allah with all your might, know that Al-Mawlaa will help you and protect you in the most perfect way. Use this powerful dhikr in your daily life and reflect upon its meaning.
2. Strive to be of the awliyaa of Allah. Allah has mentioned the signs by which His close friends or awliya‘ may be known. They are: faith (eemaan) and piety (taqwa). Whoever is a believer and is pious is a close friend of Allah, and whoever is not like that is not a close friend of Allah. So strive to be of the close friends of Al-Mawlaa by fulfilling your obligatory acts of worship and supplementing them by many voluntary acts and good deeds.
3. Know that faith is thicker than blood. In the context of your relationship with the Prophet Ibraheem alayhi sallam Allah azza wa jall uses the word awlaa in the Quran:
Indeed, the most worthy of Abraham among the people are those who followed him [in submission to Allah] and this prophet, and those who believe [in his message]. And Allah is the ally of the believers. [ale Imran 3:68].
Awlaa comes from the same root as mawlaa and means to be more entitled and worthier. What you can learn from this ayah is to actively study the lessons from the story of Ibraheem alayhi sallam, subsequently increase your love for him and strengthen your Tawheed. Let it motivate you to follow the sunnah of the Prophet Muhammad salallahu alayhi wa sallam.
4. Be helpful. Rasoolullah salallahu alayhi wa sallam said: Allah will aid a servant (of His) so long as the servant aids his brother . [Muslim]
5. Do dhikr with this Name. Every night before you go to sleep, recite the last ayaat of surah al-Baqarah [285 – 286] in which Allah‘s Beautiful Name Al-Mawlaa is mentioned. The Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam said: Whoever recites the last two verses of surah al-Baqarah at night, those two verses shall be sufficient for him [Al-Bukhari, Muslim]
54) An Naseer
This Name of Allah is mentioned in the Qu’ran 5 times.
For example Allah says:
But if they turn away – then know that Allah is your protector. Excellent is the protector and excellent is the helper [al Anfaal 8:40]
Allah also says:
And Allah is most knowing of your enemies; and sufficient is Allah as an ally, and sufficient is Allah as a helper [an Nisaa 4:45]
55) An Naasir
But Allah is your Protector, and He is the best of helpers [ale Imran 3:150]
Both Names come from the word Nasara. Helping, specifically against an enemy/oppressor. Defend a cause, grant victory or let triumph.
One who Helps. The one who carries out the help. The best of the one who helps. Khairun Naasir. The ultimate helper, supporter and defender of His believing slaves. Naseer – exaggerated form, He is Naasir, helps specifically, individually. Naseer helping all the time, individual, specific, and all the other mainstream.
An-Naseer is the Greatest helper against the disbelievers. The best and greatest of those who help and the greatest source of help. The help of Allah is something He promised His slaves and made it obligatory on Himself. Allah says in an ayah of great comfort for the believers:
And We have already sent messengers before you to their peoples, and they came to them with clear evidences; then We took retribution from those who committed crimes, and incumbent upon Us was support of the believers. [al Room 30:47]
Why has Allah delayed Nasr? We know that Allah’s help will come as He has promised it, and His promise is haqq. The delay in the Nasr of Allah can be because;
1) The majority of the Ummah are sinning, and will be upon kufr rather than tawheed and upon bidah and not sunnah.
2) A knowledgeable person who has taqwa has sinned.
3) As a means to make the ummah mature. To grow through tests and make the ummah and ummah of tawwakal ala allah.
4) To make it known to humanity how wrong and false kufr is. Until when Islam conquers, and people embrace Islam because they have seen and know the justice of Islam as opposed to the corruption of kufr.
5) Allah is cleaning the sins of His slaves so they become leaders of the ummah like Khalid bin Walid and Umar ibn Khattab. (Al Qurtabi)
O you who have believed, if you support Allah, He will support you and plant firmly your feet. [Muhammad 47:7]
How can we support Allah?
1) By Jihad fisabilillah
2) By making ourselves better through worshipping Allah and leaving sins.
3) By Making du’a as it is one of the greatest weapons of the believers.
An Naseer and other Names
· Allah mentions Al-Mawla with An-Naseer. Help originates from Him and He knows exactly how to help. He is the master, He knows what is help and how to help.
· Allah mentions Al-Hadiy with An-Naseer – Someone who is guided, on correct path. Hadiyah wa naseera The One who guides is One who helps and the greatest help a person can be given is that of hidayah.
Different types of Nasr
The help or victory ( nasr) of Allah ‗azza wa jall is of different types described by the scholars.
· One type is the victory that is deserved; it comes with a price, which is faith and preparation. For example the victory of worthiness of the sahaabah at the battle of Badr. This is the type of victory for the believer who obeys Allah azza wa jall and wins.
· The second type is a victory that is not deserved by the faith and obedient behaviour of a certain group, but Allah azza wa jall decrees victory for them according to His wisdom in that situation.
· The third type is the principal victory, which might not be seen as victory by others, but in reality indicates the true victory of a human being. An example are the believers in the story of the Ditch described in surah Al-Burooj, who were killed in masses and the hairdresser of the daughter Fir‘awn of whom her children and herself were thrown in boiling oil. How did they win? They stood by their belief in Allah azza wa jall and by their principles and gained the ultimate victory: the pleasure and reward of An-Naseer that He has prepared for the martyrs in the highest Paradise.
Benefits we can learn from these Names
1. Aid in Allah‘s cause. An-Naseer says:
If Allah should aid you, no one can overcome you; but if He should forsake you, who is there that can aid you after Him? And upon Allah let the believers rely [ale Imran 3:160] Help in Allah‘s cause by defending Islam, spread the message of the Quran and standing by your Islamic principles. Teach the children to stand up for the truth by showing them the correct role models and heroes of Islam, both contemporary and from the past. The Muslim nation is in need of those who stick to the principles of Islam. So get close to the Qur’an and inspire others to, use it as a guidance in your actions and the help of Allah will come.
2. Help your brothers and sisters. As part of a hadith recorded by Muslim, the Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam said: …Allah is helping the servant as long as the servant is helping his brother. The point is to look out actively where you can help your brothers and sisters so you will get the help of An-Naseer in return. Sometimes you can help someone financially by paying their debts, spiritually by giving them emotional support and advice or even by your reputation or authority. Use all the means An-Naseer gave you to help those in need.
3. Never mistrust Allah and His help. To deserve the help from An-Naseer you must strongly believe in Him and His Attributes. Take your inspiration from Musa ‗alayhi sallam:
And when the two companies saw one another, the companions of Musa said; Indeed, we are to be overtaken! [Moses] said, No! Indeed, with me is my Lord; He will guide me [ash Shu’araa 26:61-62] But don‘t just have faith alone without action. You need to prepare as well. So think well of Allah, believe in Him and do whatever you can in taking precautions.
4. Know that help comes from Allah alone. Never think you were helped in a certain situation, just because you made the right decision or because you were so skilful. Don‘t say I did this and succeeded, rather say ―Allah is my Helper and all success comes from Him alone‖ A subtle way An-Naseer helps you is when He fills your heart with happiness and security when you make a right decision and He fills it with anxiety and pessimism when you make a wrong decision. So recognise the help of Allah in your life and be grateful.
5. Call on An-Naseer. He can defeat any army, any illness and any struggle, so ask Him, and make du’a for help using these Names.
56) Al Wakeel
57) Al Kafeel
The Name of Allah Al Wakeel has been mentioned in the Qur’an 14 times. For example Allah says:
And rely upon Allah, and sufficient is Allah as disposer of affairs. [al Ahzaab 33:3]
Allah Allah also says:
Indeed, over My [believing] servants there is for you no authority. And sufficient is your Lord as Disposer of affairs. [al Israa 17:65]
Al Kafeel has been mentioned in the Qur’an once. Allah says:
And fulfil the covenant of Allah when you have taken it, [O believers], and do not break oaths after their confirmation while you have made Allah , over you, a witness. Indeed, Allah knows what you do. [an Nahl 16:91]
It is also mentioned in a Hadith from Sahih Bukhari.
Linguistic meaning of Wakeel:
Comes from word wakila or wakala, means to entrust, to trust, to rely. Tawwakul comes from the same word. To appoint or entrust for the care of management of something. Guardian of one’s interests. Wakeel also means agent, representative, secretary. The wakeel of a person is the one who represents him or does what the person is incapable of doing on his behalf.
Shar’ee meaning of Al Wakeel:
Allah will be your representative, He will carry out all your affairs, anything you need, whatever goal you want to achieve, go to Him and He will give. Allah is Al Wakeel, the greatest representative, greatest being to trust than anything from the creation. By the Name al Wakeel, Allah is saying if you need to trust and rely on someone, than it will be Me. So have that trust in me and I will give.
Linguistic meaning of Kafeel:
a sponsor, a guarantor, a surety
Shar’ee meaning of Al Kafeel:
When person takes Allah as kafeel, he has taken Allah as a witness to that transaction. Allah is Al Kafeel.
That is your Lord Allah, there is no deity except Him, The Creator of all thing, so Worship Him. He is Disposer of all things. [al An’aam 6:102]
Allah being the Wakeel over everyone does not take away the right of another person who Allah is Wakeel over. Him being Wakeel for one person, it doesn’t take away the right of another person that wants Allah to be his Wakeel.
He is the Wakeel for everyone and the perfect Wakeel. Takes charge of the affairs of those in His care, managing all matters as He pleases.
Imam S’adi says Wakeel of Allah is of 2 types
· General/ ‘Aam – He is the Wakeel for whole of creation. Providing basic necessities, provision, help, and security even of the bird that leaves its nest hungry in the morning and returns home in the evening with a full stomach. Allah opened for it the path to its provision. Allah is wakeel for the kuffar as well as Muslims in the general form.
· Specific/Khaas – He is the Wakeel of the awliya of Allah, the Muslims, eases for them their difficulties and grants them the sustenance of the heart. When the heart needs something, He gives them that which completes the heart.
Narrated Abu Hurairah (radiallahu anhu): The Prophet (sallallaahu alaihi wasallam) said, A Man from the people before (from bani Israel) asked another Man to lend him one thousand Dinars. The second man required witnesses. The former replied, Allaah is sufficient as a witness.'(wakeel) The second said, I want a surety.‘ The former replied, Allaah is sufficient as a surety.‘ (kafeel). The second said, You are right,‘ and lent him the money for a certain period. The debtor went across the sea. When he finished his job, he searched for a conveyance so that he might reach in time for the repayment of the debt, but he could not find any. So, he took a piece of wood and made a hole in it, inserted in it one thousand dinar and a letter to the lender and then closed the hole tightly. He took the piece of wood to the sea and said. O Allaah! You know well that I took a loan of one thousand Dinars from so-and-so. He demanded a surety from me but I told him that Allaah‘s Guarantee was sufficient and he accepted Your guarantee. He then asked for a witness and I told him that Allaah was sufficient as a Witness, and he accepted You as a Witness. No doubt, I tried hard to find a conveyance so that I could pay his money but could not find, so I hand over this money to You.‘ Saying that, he threw the piece of wood into the sea till it went out far into it, and then he went away. Meanwhile he started searching for a conveyance in order to reach the creditor‘s country. One day the lender came out of his house to see whether a ship had arrived bringing his money, and all of a sudden he saw the piece of wood in which his money had been deposited. He took it home to use for fire. When he sawed it, he found his money and the letter inside it. Shortly after that, the debtor came bringing one thousand Dinars to him and said, By Allah, I had been trying hard to get a boat so that I could bring you your money, but failed to get one before the one I have come by.‘ The lender asked, Have you sent something to me?‘ The debtor replied, I have told you I could not get a boat other than the one I have come by.‘ The lender said, Allaah has delivered on your behalf the money you sent in the piece of wood. So, you may keep your one thousand Dinars and depart guided on the right path.‘ [Al-Bukhari]
This shows us when a person has complete trust and reliance on Al Kafeel, the one who will testify for you, your guarantee, the one who you entrust, provide you that asureity then He will fulfil His contract. Kafeel is more specific term of Wakeel, Wakeel is general and can include Kafeel.
Benefits we can learn from these Names
1. Trust in Allah. Once we know Allah is the one who deserves complete trust and reliance, and is the Wakeel for every single creation, then we must know, that tawakkul is something that must be instilled in our hearts. How excellent of a wakeel and kafeel, one who has created creation and has promised to be your Wakeel in this life and the hereafter. He has promised to take care of your needs in the dunya. If you worry about your provisions, then take a look at the birds that Allah created for our benefit, how they have no rizq to start off with but Allah provides for them. If He can provide for them and they have no form of provisions, then what about the one who has aqil (intellect). Is Allah not going to provide for you? Reliance on Allah (tawakkul) means you entrust your affairs to Him, take every worldly precaution, and submit to Al-Wakeel for the result. An example is the hijrah for which the prophet salallahu alayhi wasallam and Abu Bakr radiyyallahu anhu planned according to their means. However, they were overtaken by the Quraysh. This is when the prophet calmed Abu Bakr with a beautiful statement of tawakkul.
Abu Bakr As-Siddiq (radi Allahu anhu) said, when the Messenger of Allah (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) and I were in the cave of Thaur and I saw the feet of the polytheists who were above us at the mouth of the cave (on the eve of the Emigration), I submitted: “O Messenger of Allah! If one of them were to look down below his feet, he would see us”. He (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) said, “O Abu Bakr! What do you think of two whose third is Allah?” [Al-Bukhari and Muslim]
2. Pray istikharah . One of the most beautiful examples of trusting in Al-Wakeel‘s choice is the istikharah prayer. Ask Allah that if the matter is good for you to make it easy for you and if not, to take it away and then be content with the decree of Al-Wakeel. Make it a habit to practice this sunnah in your daily life, for big and small matters, as the Prophet salallahu ‗alayhi wa sallam taught the companions to make istikharah in all things, just as he used to teach them suwar of the Quran.
3. Do not be anxious about the future. Many people are depressed or worried about their or their children‘s future. Don‘t fear the power of the enemy, never go for unlawful earnings, and know that you can trust Al-Wakeel because He will manage your affairs in the way best for you. Be inspired by what Ibraheem alayhi sallam said when he was thrown in the fire: Allah suffices me, for He is the best disposer of affairs (hasbunallaahu wa ni‘mal wakeel) Take the example of those who entrusted their souls to Al-Wakeel, like Haajar, when she was left in the desert with Ismaeel alayhi sallam who said with true belief: Did your Lord order you to do so, then He shall not forsake us. From the manners of having tawakkul in Allah is to trust in His commands and stay away from His prohibitions. Have tawakkul upon Al Hayy, the one who never dies. A person after establishing these 2 Names in His heart, he understands that rizq is from Allah and everything of the dunya, Allah decides who and when it will go to. Rizq has been written, you will get whatever Allah has written for you. Tie your camel.
4. Be someone others can trust and rely on. Be someone others can turn to when they need help, and when you have to act on someone‘s behalf fear Al-Wakeel and fulfill your duty as good as you can. The Prophet salallahu ‗alayhi wa sallam said:
Allah will aid a servant (of His) so long as the servant aids his brother . [Muslim]
5. Do dhikr with this Name. Every morning and evening say;
Allah is sufficient for me. There is no God but He. I have placed my trust in Him, He is Lord of the Majestic Throne. Whoever says this seven times in the morning after fajr, and seven times after Asr, Allah will take care of whatever worries him of the matter of this world and the hereafter. [Abu Dawood, Muslim]
The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wassalam said: Whoever says (when he leaves his house) In the Name of Allah, I put my trust in Allah and there is no power and no strength except with Allah- , it will be said to him: You are taken care of and you are protected and guided, and the devils will move away from him, and one devil says: What can you do with a man who has been guided, taken care of and protected? [Abu Dawood, At-Tirmidhi]
Stories of tawakkul
· Ibrahim alayhi salaam showed amazing examples of tawakkul throughout His life. As a young man, when he was arguing with his people about the fallacy of worshipping idols he said with certainty and reliance on Allah:
And his people argued with him. He said, “Do you argue with me concerning Allah while He has guided me? And I fear not what you associate with Him [and will not be harmed] unless my Lord should will something. My Lord encompasses all things in knowledge; then will you not remember? [Al An‘aam 6:80] Continuing with Ibrahim alayhi salaam‘s life and his frequent displays of tawakkul in Allah, another example can be seen when He was thrown in the fire by the mushrikeen. His tawakkul was displayed when Jibreel alayhi salaam came to him saying: Do you need anything? Ibrahim replied If it is from you then no. Then he repeated the statement hasbi Allahu wa nimal wakeel.‖ This statement will be discussed in further detail later on.
Every one of his situations spoke aloud reflecting his certainty. Additionally, his leaving his wife alone with his breastfeeding infant in the desert is another bright example reflecting his certainty. And this incident also displays the tawakkul of Haajar may Allah be pleased with her. When she realised that it was Allah who commanded Ibrahim to leave them in the desert She asked him: “Did Allah command you to do so?” He replied: “Yes.” Then she said: “We are not going to be lost, since Allah, Who has commanded you, is with us.” At this time she didn‘t know that zamzam would burst from the ground for her and her infant, which would remain until the day of judgement but it was her yaqeen and tawakkul in Allah that lead her to state what she had said. May Allah be please with her.
· The story of Umm Musa also shows tawakkul, when she was inspired to put her baby infant in the river Nile, she did so. To save your son, throw him in the river Nile – this doesn’t make sense to us intellectually. But she had complete trust in Allah, so she threw him the in the Nile, the most ferocious river in the world. But Musa ended up in the very palace of the Fir’awn. And Umm Musa was also reunited with him. Fir’awn appointed an army for her to travel to and fro her house, in order to nurse Musa. This is the fruit of trust in Allah.
· Another amazing display of tawakkul is seen in the story of Musa alayhi salaam when firawn and his army was behind him and the sea in front of him. Allah told him to hit the water with his staff. Sometimes if doing something doesn’t make sense or it seems like it won‘t do anything, still go ahead and do it as this is your reliance on Allah. Allah made the ocean split in half. Musa’s firm tawakkul and yaqeen is seen in His reply to his people when they thought they were going to be caught.
[Musa] said; No. Indeed My Lord is with me. He will guide me. [ash Shu’araa 26:22]
· Another example from the story of Musa alayhi salaam is when he was put up in front of the magicians. Allah said, throw your stick, even though on the face of it, it seems as if this won‘t do anything, but it is the part of having trust in Allah. Ibn Qayyim says: for a person to have complete trust in Allah they must believe that if they do this certain action Allah will help them without a shadow of a doubt.
From stories like this, we see who Al Wakeel is. Allah is testing us and He wants us to truly trust Him and to follow Islam completely. A person may for example start doubting how he will provide for his family and shaytaan will open up so many haraam avenues, riba, mortgage, haram income etc. But had the person waited a little while longer, Allah would open up doors that they didn’t even know existed. Allah made Fir’awn the one that takes in the very boy that was going to kill him, and looks after him and his mother. Allah is the one that will open up path for His slaves. A believer must know in every situation of difficulty and dire need, Allah is the one that deserves complete trust and reliance. True tawakkal is when person relies upon Allah. A person can rely on other things too but they have to know that these other things are only means. For example of medicine – it is a means to treat illness, but only Allah holds the key to the cure of the illness. One can take permissible means, but has to have tawakkul upon Allah. The cure lies in the hands of Allah. The medicine may treat him or may not treat him it is just a means.
58) Al Kaafiy
This Name of Allah appears in the Qu’ran once. Allah says:
Is not Allah sufficient for His Servant [Prophet Muhammad]? And [yet], they threaten you with those [they worship] other than Him. And whoever Allah leaves astray – for him there is no guide.[az Zumar 39:36]
Allah uses this Name in a verb form, having the action in other ayat. For example Allah says:
And Allah repelled those who disbelieved, in their rage, not having obtained any good. And sufficient was Allah for the believers in battle, and ever is Allah Powerful and Exalted in Might. [al Ahzaab 33:25]
Allah also says:
So if they believe in the same as you believe in, then they have been [rightly] guided; but if they turn away, they are only in dissension, and Allah will be sufficient for you against them. And He is the Hearing, the Knowing. [al Baqarah 2:137]
ismul fa’il comes from verb; kafa /yakfi, to be sufficient, to suffice, to be enough. Also means hasbuk enough.
Az Zujaji says: Allah is enough for the believers in every aspect of his life, in terms of his provisions, security, wants/desires/needs, protection, in every single matter. Allah from His Name Al Kaafiy, is enough for you. If you done something to have the whole world go against you but for Allah to love you, that is enough. If you done something that results in taking the whole world as enemies, but you have Allah as a friend, then that is enough. When a person remembers Allah through this Name, then let him know that whenever there comes a time where he is upsetting people by worshipping Allah, let him know that Allah is enough for him. There is no obedience to the creation when there is disobedience to Allah. (Trimidhi). In this time of test/difficulty, Allah is enough for you.
Ibn Sa’di says: Allah being al Kaafiy is of 2 types.
1) General – For all of His slaves, kuffar, Muslims, mushrik, in all their matters, wants, needs and requirements.
2) Specific – Allah being al Kaafiy for the awliya of Allah, by granting them nasr and granting them His Ma’eeyah – being close to them and granting aid and help.
Al-Kaafiy and other Names
In the ayaat in which the root kafaa is mentioned, we often find the words wa kafaa bil-laahi (and sufficient is Allah as . . .) followed by a beautiful Name of Allah. We find this combination most often with the Names Al-Wakeel (The Disposer of Affairs), Al-Haseeb (The Accountant, or Reckoner) and Ash-Shaheed (The Witness).
And do not obey the disbelievers and the hypocrites but do not harm them and sufficient is Allah as Disposer of affairs. [al Ahzaab 33:48].
And He says:
[Allah praises] those who convey the messages of Allah and fear Him and do not fear anyone but Allah. And sufficient is Allah as Accountant. [al Ahzaab 33:39]
But Allah bears witness to that which He has revealed to you. He has sent it down with His knowledge, and the angels bear witness [as well]. And sufficient is Allah as Witness.
[an Nisaa 4:166]
Most related in meaning to al Kaafiy is the beautiful Name Al-Wakeel. Abu Alsood said: tawakkal alallah means to leave everything up to Allah azza wa jall and kafa allah wakeela means Allah azza wa jall is sufficient as protector, as the one and only whom you leave everything up to.
Benefits we can learn from this Name
Similar to Al Wakeel and Al Kafeel
1. In anything we do in the dunya, let the ultimate goal always be Allah. if Allah is happy with us, then that is what matters. Example of a da’ee in a village, if all the people in the village love him then he cannot be a good da’ee. There will always be people who dislike his enjoining the good and forbidding the evil. Make Allah your goal of every action, and remember when you are going through trials and test of pleasing others and in this if you displease Allah, then you haven’t made Allah what is enough for you, but have chosen to please the people instead. Allah says:
O you who have believed. Obey Allah and the Messenger and those in authority among you. And if you disagree over anything, refer it to Allah and the Messenger, if you should believe in Allah and the last day. That is the best [way] and best in result. [an Nisaa 4:59]. Allah didn’t use the verb ‘obey’ before those in authority among you Obey Allah and Obey His Messenger. If those that came after come with something against Allah and The Messenger then we reject it, and only follow it if it goes with what Allah and His Messenger says. Firm belief in Al-Kaafiy and His perfect ability to suffice all your needs means you are not afraid of people and their decisions, nor are you worried about losing worldly possessions. Even when you feel you cannot defend yourself against people‘s accusations, know Al-Kaafiy will suffice you as a helper:
Indeed, We are sufficient for you against the mockers [al Hijr 15:95]
And Allah is most knowing of your enemies; and sufficient is Allah as an ally, and sufficient is Allah as a helper [an Nisaa, 4:45]. So next time you feel anxious or stressed about people or belongings, remind yourself that Allah is Al-Kaafiy; He is the only one to suffice all your needs.
2. Remember the day you will be sufficient as an accountant.
[It will be said], Read your record. Sufficient is yourself against you this Day as accountant [al Israa 17:14].
This means that you have not been treated unjustly and nothing has been recorded against you except what you have done, because you remember everything that you have done, and no one will forget anything that he did. Everyone will be able to read his Book, whether he is literate or illiterate. [Tafseer ibn Katheer]. So remember that one day you will be confronted with each deed you do, every step you take and every word you utter. Use this as a motivation to present a book full of good deeds in shaa Allah.
3. Learn from the past. As a believer you have an extremely important task: to take lessons from the past and specifically from the stories of the former people in the Qur’an.
And how many have We destroyed from the generations after Noah. And sufficient is your Lord, concerning the sins of His servants, as Acquainted and Seeing. [al Israa 17:17] Allah ‗azza wa jall observes how you respond to these stories; do you study them, look at the characteristics of these former groups and their sins so you know what to avoid or do you treat them as ―stories from the past‖ without acting upon them? Kafaa bil-laahi shaheeda– Allah is sufficient as a witness.
4. Be someone who strives to fulfil others‘ needs. Even though only Allah is perfect in sufficing each and every need, you can take inspiration from this beautiful attribute by doing your best to fulfil another person’s needs as much as you can.
59) Al Fattaah
This Name of Allah is mentioned in the Qur’an once. Allah says:
We would have invented against Allah a lie if we returned to your religion after Allah had saved us from it. And it is not for us to return to it except that Allah , our Lord, should will. Our Lord has encompassed all things in knowledge. Upon Allah we have relied. Our Lord, decide between us and our people in truth, and You are the best of those who give decision.” [al A’raaf 7:59]
comes from the word fataha or al fath which means something that opens when its closed, something that helps or provides helps, also means a request to open and a request to help. Al Fath can also mean to one who judges with truth.
1) Al Haakim: The judge, who judges between His slaves with honesty, justice and truthfulness, with the rulings of the shari’ah. Al Khattabi says: He is the Haakim from the Name Al Fattaah and He will judge between His slaves.
2) The One who opens to His slaves the doors of rahma, and rizq. He opens for them the doors which were previously closed through the Name Al Fattaah. Imam Sa’di says: whenever a person achieves something which He thinks he can’t get to, let him call upon Al Fattaah – the ones who opens these doors.
3) The One who helps His worshippers, the believers and the ones who are oppressed. All from the Name Al Fattaah, He opens up for His slaves the doors of help and victory. And more specifically He helps those who are oppressed even if they be kuffar, because Allah has prohibited oppression in all circumstances. Imam Sa’di says that the meaning of being the One that opens the doors of blessings for His slaves is split into 2 categories.
1) Allah opens for them the deen and the shari’ah and He opens for them their rewards. When Allah opens for them the deen and the shari’ah He allows for them to be Muslims, to practice Islam correctly, to be firm upon As-Siratal Mustaqeem. These are the blessings of Allah from the Name Al Fattaah. And once the believers practice Islam correctly and is firm upon the right path, then He opens for them the doors of the rewards He has prepared – rewards of dunya and aakirah, that are associated with the deeds he has done in this life.
2) Allah opens to them the qadar. He opens for His slaves: actions of good and actions of evil, tests, hardships, difficulties, ease etc. Whatever Allah opens up for His slaves, no one can hold back. Imam Sa‘di says: He grants benefits of the dunyaa and deen to His slaves, and opens the locks upon hearts for those whom He has favored with His Kindness and Care, and showers (the hearts) with knowledge and understanding from Him and realities of faith that rectifiy their conditions and by which they remain upon the Straight Path; and what‘s more special is that He grants those who love Him and turn to Him knowledge from Him, spiritual conditions, shining lights and true understanding. And likewise He opens for His slaves the doors of rizq (provision) and the paths of the means, and paves the way for provisions and the means to (these provisions) for the muttaqoon (those who fear Him) from where they can‘t imagine, and gives the mutawakkiloon (those who put their trust in Him) beyond what they ask and hope for, and makes easy for them affairs that are difficult, and opens for them doors that are closed.
Benefits we can learn from this Name
1. Have muhabba and honour for Allah. He is the One that opens up for us doors of rahma, provisions, help and He opens up for us doors that are closed. We love Him a love that is sincere.
2. Fear Allah. We fear the day He will judge between us and those we have wronged, taken a right from, transgressed or oppressed anybody.
3. We know that victory lies in the hands of Allah, He opens the door to victory whenever He wills. Victory will come, the door of victory is there, its just a matter of when that door will open.
4. Trust in the judge . Life is full of arguments. Some people accuse others and claim to be right. Who is the judge? Who knows the reality of people? It is Al-Fattaah. Make the Quran and the Sunnah the judge of your actions, always. People may speak badly about you and accuse you falsely, but if you are on the right side, do not be afraid, because Allah is Al-Fattaah is the just Judge.
5. Realise Al-Fattaah can open all doors . Al-Fattaah says:
Whatever Allah grants to people of mercy – none can withhold it; and whatever He withholds, none can release it thereafter. And He is the Exalted in Might, the Wise. [al Faatir 35:2]. This ayah has a beautiful impact if you are a true believer; you realise that everything happening to you is under Al-Fattaah‘s divine control. Close doors for His sake— by leaving a bad habit, wrong friends, or a place of sinning– even if it causes you physical hardship— and He will open a door for you to good. Never despair nor give up. Realise that Al-Fattaah can always give you a way out. Know that all the relationships in your life are confined by your relationship with Allah Al-Fattaah.
6. Be sincere. The best opening of all is the opening of the heart. Al-Fattaah opens hearts which were locked, like the heart of Umar ibn al-Khattaab radiyallahu ‗anhu which was filled with hatred of the Muslims. Work hard and strive to be sincere so that Al-Fattaah opens to you the gate of knowledge, the gate of closeness to Him and the gate of contentment in this life.
7. Ask al-Fattaah. Whenever a gate is closed in your face, remember Al-Fattaah and ask Him to open it for you. This goes under all circumstances, whether serious or insignificant, ask Al-Fattaah for help and success. Start anything permissible in His Name, by saying bismillah. Also when you feel low, or you feel you lack understanding of the religion, ask Him to open your heart and the hearts of your loved ones. A supplication of pious people before us used to be:
May Allah open to you gates of good.
Al Fattaah and other Names
Allah mentions His Name Al Fattaah with the Name Al Aleem. Allah says:
Say, “Our Lord will bring us together; then He will judge between us in truth. And He is the Knowing Judge.” [Saba 34:26]
The benefits we can learn from the coupling of these Names is that it shows that Allah being Al Aleem as well as Al Fattaah, He knows exactly when to open a door for someone. He also knows exactly what the situation is between two people, in which He will judge between on yawmal qiyyamah. He knows when to give nasr and fath.