34) Al Hakeem
This Name of Allah Appears in the Qur’an 91 times. The majority of the time, it is mentioned with another Name for example Al Aleem, Al Kabeer. Allah says:
Whatever is in the heavens and earth exalts Allah, and He is the Exalted in Might, the Wise.
[al Hadeed 57:1]
Allah also says:
O Moses, indeed it is I – Allah, the Exalted in Might, the Wise.” [al Naml 27:9]
means one who judges the ultimate, final judge. Also means one who possesses infinite and perfect wisdom. He is al Haakim and Hakeem. Final judge, from which there will be no accounting after. Hakeem is exaggerated form of Haakim.
Allah by being the Name Al Hakeem, He doesn’t say or command, act or decree, except that He does it with the greatest of wisdoms.
· Principle in shar’ee – the One who is the lawgiver, doesn’t command something except that it is completely beneficial or predominantly beneficial. And everything He prohibits is either completely harmful or predominantly harmful. Allah only acts, commands and prohibits with wisdom.
Look to the creation of Allah, what He has created, and how He made things evolve into other things, He created with wisdom. Allah has made everything He created, beautiful, and this is fitting in with His wisdom. Allah has created everything and has decreed for it its exact decree. Allah being Al Hakeem, when He arranges the creations, and decrees, He does it so that there are no faults in what He does and this falls into His most perfect wisdom. Ibn Qayyim says: Allah doesn’t act out of vanity. Allah has made a principle upon Himself that He acts for a reason and does everything with a reason and with wisdom behind it.
Wisdom of Allah
1) Hukm shar’ee deeni – decreed things to be done in the religion. The Haqq Allah has over us is for us to worship Him alone. This is something which every person must affirm.
2) Hukm al kawni al qadari – wisdom of Allah allowing mankind to have free will and do things He doesn’t want them to do. The Writing doesn’t force a person to do anything. Can du’a change destiny? The qadar is in lawhal mahfooz. On laylatul qadar it can be the decree that a person will have for example an accident, but on this day the person makes du’a to be safe as the qadar is about to fall upon Him. So as the qadar will be coming down from Allah, the du’a goes up and they fight one another and whichever one is stronger will overcome the weaker one. But this du’a that the person made for safety and the initial qadar (I.e an accident) not taking place, were both written in lawhal mahfooz. Allah didn’t inform the angels of this du’a but they were told to carry out their tasks of the year regardless. Have husn al dhann of Allah, make du’a, having the firm belief that Allah will answer it. Have yaqeen and belief that the best will happen, and once you have that full certainty and yaqeen, then it will happen. Allah treats His slave how the slave thinks of Him.
The Messenger of Allah sallalahu alayhi wassalam said that Allah says: I am as my servant expects Me to be, and I am with him when he remembers me. If he thinks of Me, I think of him. If he mentions Me in company, I mention him in an even better company. When he comes closer to Me by a handspan, I come closer to him an arm’s length. If he draws closer to Me by an arm’s length, I draw closer by a distance of two outstretched arms nearer to him. If my servant comes to Me walking, I go to him running. (Al-Bukhari – Hadith Qudsi)
3) Allah has prescribed from His wisdom something that happens, that they cannot stay away from. So for example, Allah has decreed from His wisdom, rain, wind, calamities, trials, tribulations, death, illness – all of these are examples of Allah’s wisdom that we cannot do anything but accept. One who understands the greatness of Allah knows that our trials and tribulations is something that nurtures us to succeed in this life and the next because Allah has decreed it. When a Muslim understands that Allah is Al Hakeem – and there is a great wisdom behind such a trial, although we don’t know what it is, then that person would live this life as though every single trial is a benefit, a reward, a luxury for him. When a person knows and realises this then he knows that every prohibition is harmful in this world and in the aakhirah.
Benefits we can learn from this Name
1. Trust in Al-Hakeem. If Al-Hakeem decides you should lose or gain something, there is a wisdom behind it. If something happens that displeases you it would be unwise to be unhappy with Al-Hakeem. You lost money, or even a person, or didn‘t get what you so badly wanted? How many times in life have you looked back and seen the wisdom behind things that happened to you, things which may have greatly saddened you at the time? Wisdom is to trust the wisdom of Al Hakeem at all times, no matter how hard it may seem.
2. Stick to the laws of Al Hakeem. All the rules of Al Hakeem (the sharee‘ah) are set to reform the creation and not to cause hardship in life. In other words; His rules are best for you. Al Hakeem made you and thus knows exactly what you need in order to succeed. If we don‘t understand His rulings, we should not blame the rules, but our own understanding. So focus and reflect and know that the ruling only belongs to Al Hakeem and ask Him to make you of those who value His laws above man-made laws in your daily life.
3. Reflect on the perfection of Al Hakeem‘s work. Remind yourself of Al Hakeem seeing His wisdom reflected in His creation. The oxygen, the salt levels in your blood are all perfectly measured, if they would be slightly different, you would die instantly. Take the time to look around you (and at yourself) and realize the beautiful
and perfect wisdom of Al-Hakeem.
Who perfected everything which He created and began the creation of man from clay.
[as Sajdah, 32:7]
4. Make the Book of Al Hakeem your companion. The attribute of hikmah is one you should strive for too. Derive your wisdom from your knowledge of Allah. Where can we find this knowledge? In the Quran and the Sunnah. So make the Quran your close companion, by reciting it, understanding it and acting upon it.
By the wise Quran, ―Al-Hakeem‖ (i.e. full of wisdom ) [Ya Seen, 36: 2] The more you follow the commands of the All Wise, the wiser you will become.
5. Have hikmah in your dealings.Use your blessings with wisdom by using them to gain the pleasure of Al Hakeem. How many of us have wealth but waste it? How many of us have health, but we misuse it? Being wise is using your intelligence, wealth, time, and skills to please Al Hakeem. The same goes for calling other people to Al Hakeem— do so with hikmah.
6. Ask Al Hakeem for understanding. Of all things you ask of Allah daily, make sure you keep asking Him for understanding of the deen of Islam. Al Hakeem says:
He gives wisdom to whom He wills, and whoever has been given wisdom has certainly been given much good. And none will remember except those of understanding [al Baqarah, 2:269]
Al Hakeem and other Names
· Allah mentions the Name Hakeem with Aleem. Allah says:
[As for] the thief, the male and the female, amputate their hands in recompense for what they committed as a deterrent [punishment] from Allah. And Allah is Exalted in Might and Wise. [al Maeda 5:38]
Ibn Qayyim says: Allah concludes this ayah with these two Names because Al Azeez is the one who can do anything He wants and Al Hakeem is the perfection of knowledge and wisdom. This ayah shows Allah’s wisdom in commanding the hudood. This is what the thief deserves as a punishment for stealing, and it is also a deterrent for people. Side note: Islamic definition of thief is someone who steals an item that is safeguarded and protected and is something that he doesn’t need. Stealing food because he’s hungry or for example a laptop left in an open car is a sin, but he is not culpable for the punishment in these situations. Allahu’alam.
· Allah mentions Al Hakeem with Al Aleem. Allah possesses perfect knowledge and is wise in that knowledge.
· Allah also mentions Al Hakeem with Al Hameed. Allah deserves praise (hamd) because of His wisdom. He is the All Wise and the Praiseworthy.
35) Al Waasi’
This Name of Allah is mentioned in the Qur’an 9 times. For example Allah says:
Satan threatens you with poverty and orders you to immorality, while Allah promises you forgiveness from Him and bounty. And Allah is all-Encompassing and Knowing.
[al Baqarah 2:268]
Vast, something that has no limits.
Allah is vast in all His Names and Attributes. At Tabari says; He takes from His Names and Attributes and passes it around to the whole of creation. He encompasses everything. For example He is Wasiul maghfira – vast in His forgiveness. Allah has no limits to any Attributes, His mercy is limitless, His knowledge is limitless, His giving is limitless, His seeing is limitless etc. Al Waasi‘ is beyond any limits in essence and has boundless capacities. He encompasses the whole of creation with His blessings, care, and kindness. He is the Self-Sufficient and is sufficient for all. Nothing is beyond Him. Allah is Waasi‘ in all his sifaat. His shariah is waasi’. Allah mentions this Name with Aleem. Ibn Qayyim says; wherever you go you will find Waasi’ – His wisdom is vast and everywhere, wherever you go you will see Allah’s wisdom and creation.
A Formula for Success
Al Waasi‘ inspires to a beautiful supplication with an amazing, encompassing answer stating His attribute of wasi‘a. He says:
And decree for us in this world [that which is] good and [also] in the Hereafter; indeed, we have turned back to You.” [ Allah ] said, “My punishment – I afflict with it whom I will, but My mercy encompasses all things.” So I will decree it [especially] for those who fear Me and give zakah and those who believe in Our verses [al A’raaf 7:156]
This is your formula for success: in your heart, have fear, as Al Waasi‘ is the Only One who can punish whomever he wishes to punish. Have hope, because His mercy encompasses everything. In your actions stay away from evil, purify yourself and your wealth, and believe in the signs explained to you in the Qur’an and in the universe.
Benefits we can learn from this Name
1. Love of Allah. He has passed down provisions and everything else to to the whole of creation. We develop love of Allah through this Name.
2. Ponder over the fact that Allah is limitless. We can see examples, just here in the world, in Allah‘s creations. Look at the sky, the creation, the perfection, so much that is still unknown. He is limitlessly, the creator. There are places on this Earth where typically life shouldn‘t exist scientifically but Al Khaliq, the Creator, has created protists and microorganisms that are thriving there. He is the limitless Sustainer. The limitless Provider.
3. Ask Al Waasi‘. His power encompasses everything and there‘s nothing Al Waasi‘ can‘t do. He‘s never distracted by anything in his infinite sphere of activities and knowledge. He has sufficient means to respond to each single request in His tremendous dominion. So ask Him for every need you have and turn to Him with every worry you feel.
4. Be an ambassador of good. His dominion is incredible and vast. Al Waasi‘ placed you on this world and watches your every move. All you did, do, and will do is embraced by His knowledge.
Your only God is only Allah; except for whom there is no diety. He has encompassed all things in knowledge [Ta Ha 20:98]. Take your role on this earth seriously and be an ambassador of Islam by showing good manners and calling others to Al-Waasi‘.
5. Never despair in any characteristic of Allah. Despairing in any capacity of Al Waasi‘ means you are putting a limit on the One whose abilities are beyond any limit; may Allah protect us from this thinking. If you think that He can‘t forgive you because you‘re too evil, you‘re denying this attribute because His mercy is limitless! So never despair in any of His roles, whether that be The Provider, The Judge, The Answerer of Prayers; be firm in faith that all His capacities cannot be limited by anything or anyone.
6. Realise that there is nothing that Allah can‘t do. All of us can perish in seconds, all of us can finish in seconds without a trace but Allah still gives time for everyone, and time to everyone that maybe they‘ll turn back but most people, even to the concept of time, are ungrateful and blind.
Al ‘Aalim, Al ‘Aleem, ‘Allamal Ghuyoob
These Names are about Allah knowing about the creation.
36) Al ‘Aalim
This Name of Allah is mentioned in the Qu’ran 13 times. For example Allah says:
They will make excuses to you when you have returned to them. Say, “Make no excuse – never will we believe you. Allah has already informed us of your news. And Allah will observe your deeds, and [so will] His Messenger; then you will be taken back to the Knower of the unseen and the witnessed, and He will inform you of what you used to do.” [at Tawbah 9:94]
37) Al ‘Aleem
This Name of Allah is mentioned in the Qur’an 157 times. For example Allah says:
And [mention, O Muhammad], when your Lord said to the angels, “Indeed, I will make upon the earth a successive authority.” They said, “Will You place upon it one who causes corruption therein and sheds blood, while we declare Your praise and sanctify You?” Allah said, “Indeed, I know that which you do not know.” [al Baqarah 2:30]
When Allah wanted to prove that Adam and mankind were greater then the malaaika, He taught Adam knowledge [Surah Al Baqarah 2:31]. A person increases His rank in the sight of Allah through knowledge of Allah. The key to success in dunya and aakhirah is ‘ilm. Aalim – someone who knows something Aleem – someone who knows something in the exaggerated manner
38) Allaamul Ghuyoob
This Name of Allah is mentioned in the Qur’an 4 times. For example Allah says:
[Be warned of] the Day when Allah will assemble the messengers and say, “What was the response you received?” They will say, “We have no knowledge. Indeed, it is You who is Knower of the unseen” [al Maeda 5:109]
· Allaamul Ghuyoob is a greater form of exaggeration than Aleem. One who knows the intricate details of the Unseen.
· He Knows everything taking place and everything that’s being done, and everything about the consequences of actiosn. He Knows all the hidden matters.
· Contains Aalim and Aleem. The trunk is of knowledge and the branches is Aalim and Aleem.
· Together these 3 Names show the perfection of the knowledge of Allah.
And with Him are the keys of the unseen; none knows them except Him. And He knows what is on the land and in the sea. Not a leaf falls but that He knows it. And no grain is there within the darknesses of the earth and no moist or dry [thing] but that it is [written] in a clear record. [al An’aam 6:59]
The knowledge of Allah is vast. There is not a single thing that He doesn’t know about.
Benefits of Allah’s knowledge
1) Encompasses the entire creation. Allah’s knowledge reaches every single part of the creation.
2) Comprises of everything, and everything that comes out and goes into the heavens and earth.
3) Allah specified ghayb when talking about His Name Allaamul Ghuyoob. Allah has the key to the unseen and so He possesses the knowledge. It is not possible for a person to sin if they know that Allah is looking at him. Sometimes we forget this but when we are aware and still sin knowingly, then it means our heart is close to dying.
5 things that only Allah knows about
1) Ilm of the hour.
2) Ilm of al ghayth – rain from the heavens.
3) Ilm of what is in the womb
4) Ilm of what every soul will earn tomorrow
5) Ilm of where/what land one will die in.
Benefits we can learn from these Names
1. Affirm that all types of unseen is known only to Allah and He hasn’t given this knowledge to anyone else. Allah‘s knowledge can‘t be compared to any other knowledge in the creation. Our knowledge is preceded by ignorance and we gain knowledge by learning and we also forget. Allah‘s ilm is neither acquired through learning nor preceded by ignorance; nothing in the heavens or on the Earth
escapes His notice. Fear Allah. Al-Aleem says:
And We have already created man and know what his soul whispers to him, and We are closer to him than [his] jugular vein. [Qaaf 50: 6]
If you know that He sees you while you‘re alone and when you‘re in the company of others, that He knows all of your secret thoughts and intentions, if you firmly believe that Allah azza wa jall knows all things, then stick to His divine commands and know that they are the best for you. This will prevent one from sinning.
2. Strive for the best of knowledge. There are different types and branches of knowledge; one example is that of things created by Allah, of which some are beneficial and others are not. Knowing all about the life of a certain pop star is an example of knowledge of no benefit to your life in this world and the next. Whereas knowledge of certain skills can be of benefit in this life to be able to practice a certain career. Another example of knowledge, which is the most honourable knowledge with most benefit, is the knowledge of the Creator Himself. So study His Names and Attributes with the intention to transform your life by them.
3. Realise the virtue of seeking (beneficial) knowledge.
Is one who is devoutly obedient during periods of the night, prostrating and standing [in prayer], fearing the Hereafter and hoping for the mercy of his Lord, [like one who does not]? Say, “Are those who know equal to those who do not know?” Only they will remember [who are] people of understanding. [az Zumar 39:9] To which group do you want to belong? And the Prophet sallalahu alayhi wassalam said: Whoever treads a path in search of knowledge, Allah makes easy for him a path to Paradise. [Muslim]
Keep reminding yourself of the importance of daily seeking Islamic knowledge, instil this eagerness in your children and start by asking Al Allaam to increase you in knowledge which will benefit you in this life and the next by memorizing this beautiful Quranic supplication: My Lord! Increase me in Knowledge [Ta Ha 20:114].
4. Convey knowledge. The Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam said:
Convey from me even a single verse …[Al-Bukhari] and he mentioned an amazing fact: By Allah, were Allah to guide a single man through you it would be better for you than a herd of red camels. [Abu Dawood] Make it a mission to share a piece of Islamic knowledge with someone every day inshaa‘Allah.
5. Have the desire to learn. Be eager to increase your knowledge, especially Islamic knowledge, since Allah loves knowledge and those who possess it just as He hates ignorance and those who are wilfully ignorant. Be patient and persevere in seeking beneficial knowledge, and recognise that learning is a form of worship; how else can you know what Allah wants from you? How else can you do what pleases Him and avoid what He dislikes? We need to know Allah in order to be able to worship Him how He wants to be worshipped and how he deserves to be worshipped. Allah Al ‗Aleem loves those who seek knowledge.
6. Humility. Let Allah‘s perfect and detailed knowledge humble you. This is why it is said: the one who knows the most about Allah fears Him the most. Knowledge is a quality that we naturally admire in people; let the amazing ilm of your creator increase your love and admiration for Him.
7. Accept what is decreed for you. Knowing Al ‗Aleem makes your heart able to accept what He decreed for you because you know He designed your destiny by His knowledge and wisdom. Whatever pain, stress, disappointment, and injustice you go through, Allah knows. Remind yourself of this to get closer to Him, especially during trials, be comforted and motivated. Let the all-encompassing knowledge of Al Allaam of not only each leaf that falls, but also each of your thoughts and feelings, comfort you and tell yourself in times of hardship: Allah knows. At the same time, realise Al Allaam knows of every move you make, even when no other human being is aware, and let this motivate you to not only watch your actions, but strive to show Him the best of you, each and every day He gives you.
8. Leave a legacy of knowledge. The Prophet salallahu alayhi wasallam said:
When the human being dies, his deeds come to an end except for three: ongoing charity, beneficial knowledge, or a righteous child who prays for him [Muslim]. When you die, you can no longer do a single good deed and you never know when the Angel of Death comes for you. Out of His mercy, Allah taught you the three deeds mentioned in the hadith above which will keep counting for you, even when you die. An example is printing a leaflet with Islamic knowledge, think of a project to leave a legacy of knowledge and ask Allah to give you the ability to make it happen.
9. Do dhikr with this Name. The Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam said: Anyone who says three times in the evening:
In the Name of Allah, with whose Name nothing on earth or in the sky can harm. And He is the All-Hearing and All-Knowing- nothing will harm them until the morning, and anyone who says it three times in the morning, nothing will harm them until the evening. [Ahmad]
· Allah mentions Al Aleem with Al Hakeem. The reason being is because His knowledge has wisdom. He knows everything and knows the wisdom behind everything.