30) Al Adheem
This Name of Allah Appears in the Qur’an 9 times. For example Allah says:
So exalt the Name of your Lord, the Most great. [al Waqiah 56:96]
Rasoolullah sallalahu alayhi wassalam said; when you go into rukoo’ glorify Allah by saying subhana Rabbiyal ‘adheem.
When the following was revealed: So glorify the Name of your Lord, the Most Great‘, [al Haqqah 69:52] the Messenger of Allah sallalahu alayhi wassalam said to us: Say this in your Ruku.‘ And when the following was revealed: Glorify the Name of your Lord, the Most High.‘ [al alaa 87:1] the Messenger of Allah sallalhu alayhi wassalam said to us: Say this in your prostrations.‘ [Sahih Ibn Majah]
something that is great, greater than everything. Something that is glorified and exalted, majestic, magnificent. Something that is mighty and deserves worship.
Allah – One that has utmost greatness and grandeur; greater and mightier than everyone. Everything that He possesses is greater and mightier than what we possess. Magnificent in His mercy, His mercy is greater than any of our mercy. Allah is also ‘Adheem in His adhaab. The Rahma that He has is greatest form of mercy. But also shadeedul ‘iqaab – severe in punishment. He is ‘Adheem and glorified in every single characteristic and Name. He is characterised by greatness and no one can share in the might and greatness of Allah.
Ibn Qayyim says: There is a time when everyone achieves some sort of might and power for example a king who has power in his country but he doesn’t have this power in any other country and he won’t have the power when he passes away. But Allah being mighty and majestic, He will always be the one who is mighty, the majestic – before time, in time and after time. He will always own the world and the heavens and will always possess us. Him being Adheem can never decrease.
Your prayer with Al ‘Adheem
Adhm means bone; it refers to strength. Al Adheem is the greatest and the strongest and He chose us to contemplate His greatness and strength each time we bow down and say Subhaana Rabbiyal Adheem‘ in our prayer. In His ultimate wisdom He chose this Name of all His Names to be repeated in each prayer. We say it while we are bowing down, submitting to His greatness and strength. When we bow in rukoo‘ we should focus all of our body and mind on how inferior we are in comparison with Al Adheem. Bowing is admitting, testifying to the grandeur and the might of Allah azza wa jall.
Benefits that we can learn from this Name
1. We gain khushoo’ and khudo – we submit and have awe. Ibn Qayyim says: The reason as to why we say subhana rabbiyal adheem in ruku’ is because the quraysh used to mock this act of ibaadah. They never used to do it. Allah prescribed that the Name ‘Adheem is to be said here to remind us that we are glorifying the one who is mighty and majestic and He is the one who commanded us to bow in this position. Reminds us of ‘izza of the religion.
2. We know that the commandments are from Al Adheem, who is great and glorified. So even if we find it hard and tiring, we confirm that if it is from Al Adheem, then we know this action has some kind of benefit. We know that the prohibitions are from Al Adheem and we affirm that if Allah is the creator of the heavens and earth, He knows how a person can fall into sin.
3. Fill up your scales of deeds by remembering Al Adheem. Abu Hurairah, may Allah be pleased with him, reported: The Messenger of Allah salallahu alayhi wa sallam said:
There are two statements that are light for the tongue to remember, heavy in the Scales and are dear to the Merciful: Subhan-Allahi wa bihamdihi, Subhan-Allahil-Adheem [Glory be to Allah and His is the praise, (and) Allah, the Greatest is free from imperfection).‘ [al Bukhari and Muslim] Make it a habit to say this any spare moment, while working, cooking, waiting, travelling, etc.
4. Ask Al Adheem for help in all situations. He is the owner of all strength; each hardship, challenge, or problem you face is insignificant compared to what He was able to create. Al Adheem created the beautiful sky and the strong and huge mountains don‘t you think He will be able to solve all your problems? So ask Al Adheem to help you in all situations and call on Him whenever you feel you need strength to carry on in life.
5. Fear no one but Al Adheem.
O you who believe! Fear Allah as He should be feared, and do not die except in the state of Islam. [ale Imran 3:102] Even the strongest man in this world is absolutely nothing compared to the greatness and strength of Al Adheem, so fear no one and nothing except Him. We should have hope in Allah’s mercy and fear Allah’s punishment. Fear hell but hope in Jannah.
6. Increase your dhikr when you bow. To feel your rukoo‘ increase your adhkaar (rememberance) in it. A dhikr from the sunnah including this Name is:
How perfect He is, The Possessor of total power, sovereignty, magnificence and grandeur [Abu Dawood, An-Nasaa‘i, Ahmad].
Al ‘Adheem and other Names
· Allah mentioned Al Adheem with Al Aliyy. For example in. Ayatul Kursi, the greatest ayah of the Qur’an. The reason why Allah coupled these 2 Names together is because for Allah to be Mighty and Great, He can’t share the same space as His creation. Everything He created has some sort of deficiency so He is separate from His creation, above His throne. He is not from the creation and has no deficiency.
· Allah mentions Al Adheem with Al Haleem – meaning forbearing, tolerant, lenient. Al Adheem is a Name that strikes fear but coupling it with the name Al Haleem is a reminder that Allah is also a Lord that is tolerant, Allah won’t hold us accountable for something we don’t know. “Forgive us for our mistakes in the times we forgot” This du’a is found in Surah Al Baqarah, Rasoolullah sallalahu alayhi wassalam said:
Allah has forgiven my ummah for the mistakes they have done in forgetfulness. [Ibn Majah]
Al ‘Aliyy, Al A’laa wal Muta
Names of Allah associated with Him being high above His Throne, separate from creation.
31) Al ‘Aliyy
This Name of Allah appears in the Qur’an 8 times. For example Allah says:
That is because Allah is the Truth, and that which they call upon other than Him is falsehood, and because Allah is the Most High, the Grand. [al Hajj 22:62]
Al Aliyy is also mentioned at the end of Ayatul Kursi with Al Adheem as mentioned above.
most high, lofty, exalted, to ascend
Shar’ee meaning of:
high above everything, He‘s the One Whose loftiness is both in His essence and in His Attributes. Al Aliyy is above any imperfections. He is above the Arsh.
The rising of good deeds
Our good words and deeds rise up through the heavens to Allah Al Aliyy. The Messenger of Allah said:
Those who remember Allah and glorify Allah by saying, Glory be to Allah [subhanAllah] Allah is most Great [Allahu Akbar] all praise is due to Allah [Alhamdulillah] and La ilaha illallah, these words go around the Throne buzzing like bees, mentioning those who said them. Would one of you not like to have something with Allah mentioning him? [Ahmad, Ibn Majah]
Ali bin Abi Talib reported that Ibn Abbas said:The good word is the remembrance of Allah, may He be exalted, which is taken up to Allah, and the righteous deed is the performance of obligatory duties. Whoever remembers Allah when doing an obligatory duty, his deed carries his remembrance of Allah and takes it up to Allah, may He be Exalted. Whoever remembers Allah and does not perform the obligatory duties, his words will be rejected, as will his deed. [Tafsir Ibn Katheer]
32) Al A’laa
Exalt the Name of your Lord, the Most High [al A’laa 87:1]
high, pure, perfect from all types of imperfections. Rasoolullah sallalahu alayhiwassalm said make the du’a subhana rabbiyal alaa in sujood. Al ‘Alaa: High in His perfection and above in His perfection. He is free from all types of imperfection. Mankind was created imperfect and the greatest act of ibadah we can do is sujood. This is exclusive for Allah. But even though we are worshipping Allah through sujood, we are still not granting Him the worship He deserves, so we say glory be to Al A‘laa because we are imperfect, and even in the greatest act of worship we do, we still cannot fulfil the right of worship towards Allah. So glory be to Allah, One who is free from all imperfections.
Surah Al A’laa – Your Lord, The Most High
Al Musabbihaat are the surahs in the Quran that begin with the declaration (sabbaha) of the perfection of Allah. Of the musabbihaat, Surah Al A‘laa is the most beloved to the Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam. He loved to recite this specific surah in every single Jumuah prayer and in both of the Eid prayers. The first ayah is: sabbi hisma Rabbikala‘laa Exalt the Name of your Lord, the Most High. There are many narrations of the companions radiyallahu ‗anhum, including those of Ali, that whenever the Prophet heard this ayah he would say: Subhana Rabbi Al A‘laa, Subhana Rabbi Al A‘laa (Glory to my Lord, the Most High). When this first ayah was revealed the Prophet said: Put it in your sujood. Thus in every sujood of our prayer we use this version of Rabb (Lord), by saying: Subhana Rabbi, al A‘laa.
33) Al Muta’aal
This Name of Allah appears in the Qur’an once. Allah says:
[He is] Knower of the unseen and the witnessed, the Grand, the Exalted [ar Ra’d 13:9]
Someone who prevails, is victorious, high over everything, to overcome.
Al-Muta‘aal is the One whose highness exceeds any limits. He is the most lofty and exalted and the One who advances, overcomes and exceeds all of creation in His being and all His Attributes. He is proud and great and His glory is too high to be comprehended by us. Allah decides who will get victory and who will be defeated. He is high above everything. Scholars say this Name brings much comfort to the believers. Allah is above everything in terms of victory.
Benefits we can learn from these Names
1. Affirm that we are worshipping a Lord that has no imperfections or deficiencies. He Hears everything and Sees everything. His Knowledge is absolute and perfect. We are worshipping someone who is Self Sufficient – As Samad.
2. Ayatul kursi is the greatest verse in Qur’an. It gives examples of how Allah is the Lord of the Worlds. Al Hayy al Qayyum – He has no deficiency/imperfections. He doesn’t sleep nor slumber. Allah concluded the ayah with Al Aliyy and Al Adheem – great, powerful, mighty, exalted, glorified, high above all things.
3. Be humble. Among the good manners adorning a believer is submission before the glory of Al Aliy. Train yourself to submit to Him, and place no one or nothing above Him in your daily life. Fight your desires and train yourself to show patience and gratitude in all situations to please Al ‗Aliy. The Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam said:Whoever humbles himself before Allah, Allah will elevate him. [Muslim]
4. Increase your sujood. When are we closest to the highest? When we are in sujood, the lowest position we can be in. The Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam taught us: Prostrate much because there is no Muslim that prostrates to Allah except that Allah raises him one degree in Paradise by it and forgives for him a sin. [Ahmad] The more you prostrate, the more you raise your ranks in paradise insha‘Allah, until you reach the highest level, Jannat Al-Firdaws (Paradise). This is where the Prophet will be. And the roof of this particular level is the throne of Al Aliyy. Make sure you don‘t just prostrate with your body, but also with a heart full of humility.
5. Have many good deeds rising to Al Aliyy. Say a lot of subhanAllah, alhamdulillah, Allahu Akbar, and la ilaha illAllah combined with your obligatory deeds.
6. Make use of the third part of the night. Al Aliyy descends to the lowest heaven each night; make use of this time to ask, ask, and ask. The Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam said: The Lord descends every night to the lowest heaven when one-third of the night remains and says: Who will call upon Me, that I may answer Him? Who will ask of Me, that I may give him? Who will seek My forgiveness, that I may forgive him? [Al-Bukhari, Muslim]
7. Call upon Al Aliyy, using this beautiful Name in your dua‘, and ask Him with the highest aspirations for the highest Paradise without reckoning. Make it a habit to say subhanahu wa ta‘alaa‘ (glorified and exalted is He) when you mention Allah.
8. Prioritise. Is Allah really Muta‘aal in your life? You can find out by looking at where the deeds He lovingly wants you to carry out like salah are on your list. Do you fit your prayers around your daily life activities, delaying them, or do you put your prayers first, above anything else? Test your daily schedule; if your acts of worship don‘t have priority, change it and you will see how blessed, productive, and peaceful you will feel. Start and end your day by reciting the words of Al Muta‘aal.
9. Don‘t place yourself above others. You cannot do anything except through the power of Al Muta‘aal and everything that you have comes from Him. Your position with Al Muta‘aal is determined by one crucial factor: the level of your taqwa and righteousness.
O mankind, indeed We have created you from male and female and made you peoples and tribes that you may know one another. Indeed, the most noble of you in the sight of Allah is the most righteous of you. Indeed, Allah is Knowing and Acquainted. [al Hujarat, 49:13] Never place yourself above others because of your wealth, intelligence, looks, or your lineage.
10. Know that He is high, yet close.
And We have already created man and know what his soul whispers to him, and We are closer to him than [his] jugular vein [Qaaf 50:16] In times of hardship, know that He is the supreme above the Throne, but also the only One who knows exactly what you are going through, so tell Him all you feel and ask Him to help you battle your trials. Never despair. You know you should not despair in the mercy of Al Muta‘aal, however Shaytan often tricks into another kind of despair: despair in yourself. When you say Allah will never forgive me, I‘m doing so many bad things‖, you are actually lowering Him, exalted is He, to human standards of forgiveness. So next time you feel like you cannot change a certain habit, or you keep committing the same sin, call upon Al Muta‘aal and ask Him to assist you with unshakable belief in His Highness and abilities.
11. Ask Al Muta‘aal. Paradise has seven levels; the highest one is Firdaws al A‘ala, the highest level is right under the throne of Al Muta‘aal. The Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam said:
When you ask of Allah, ask Him for al Firdaws, for it is in the middle of Paradise and is the highest part of Paradise, and above it is the Throne of the Most Merciful, and from it spring forth the rivers of Paradise [Al-Bukhari, Muslim]