An Explanation of Allahs Beautiful Names and Attributes part 20

60) As Samad
This Name of Allah appears in the Qu’ran once. Allah says:
Allah; the eternal refuge [al Ikhlaas 112:2]
It also appears in a hadith in Tirmidhi.
 
Abu Hurairah narrates that ―I entered the mosque in the company of the blessed Prophet peace be upon him and saw a man who had finished performing prayer and was making the following dua: 
The blessed Prophet peace be upon him claimed ―by his honour in whose hands my life is that person has beseeched his lord through His great name. Whenever a person asks him through His great name he always grants him and whenever he offers a prayer through His great name he accepts it. [At Tirmidhi]
Du’a using Names of Allah are more likely to be accepted, as seen in this hadith.
 
Linguistic meaning:
comes from verb samada. To withstand, remain firm/steadfast, to resist.
 
Shar’ee meaning:
Ibn Jarir at Tabari says: As Samad means, the Master who doesn’t need anything, the One to whom there is no one above, whom there is no one greater and who everyone is in dire need of.
Az Zujaji says: He is the master that withstands, and doesn’t need anything. He is Self sufficient and everything is in dire need of Allah. Ibn Qayyim says: He is the illaah, He is the Lord, As-Sayyid – the Master, the Creator, the One above all, As Samad – the One to whom the entire creation are in need of. He is perfect in His description from every angle, and perfect without their being any single deficiency. Ibn Abbas says: this means the One to whom all creation depends upon for their needs and requests. He is the Master who is perfect in His Sovereignty, the most noble who is perfect in His nobility, the most magnificent, who is perfect in His magnificence, the most forbearing, who is perfect in His forbearance the all knowing, who is perfect in His knowledge, the most wise, who is perfect in His wisdom, He is the One who is perfect in all aspects of nobility and authority. He is Allah, glory be onto Him. These Attributes are not befitting to anyone other than Him. He has no co-equal and nothing is like Him. As Samad is the Master whose control is complete. As Samad doesn’t just mean One who is self sufficient but He is perfect in all the characteristics that He has, Master of every characteristic. So He is the master of rahma, the master of ‘izzah, the master of rizq, the master of hearing, seeing, knowledge etc. He is self sufficient and free of the need of anything. He doesn’t need our ibadah. If the whole world was to disobey Him, it wouldn’t increase or decrease His power or kingdom at all. And if the whole world was to worship Him, how He is meant to be worshipped, again, it would not increase or decrease the glory and power of Allah. He is perfect in everything.
 
On the authority of Abu Dharr al-Ghifaree (may Allah be pleased with him) from the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) from his Lord, that He said:
 
O My servants! I have forbidden dhulm (oppression) for Myself, and I have made it forbidden amongst you, so do not oppress one another. O My servants, all of you are astray except those whom I have guided, so seek guidance from Me and I shall guide you. O My servants, all of you are hungry except those whom I have fed, so seek food from Me and I shall feed you. O My servants, all of you are naked except those whom I have clothed, so seek clothing from Me and I shall clothe you. O My servants, you commit sins by day and by night, and I forgive all sins, so seek forgiveness from Me and I shall forgive you. O My servants, you will not attain harming Me so as to harm Me, and you will not attain benefiting Me so as to benefit Me. O My servants, if the first of you and the last of you, and the humans of you and the jinn of you, were all as pious as the most pious heart of any individual amongst you, then this would not increase My Kingdom an iota. O My servants, if the first of you and the last of you, and the humans of you and the jinn of you, were all as wicked as the most wicked heart of any individual amongst you, then this would not decrease My Kingdom an iota. O My servants, if the first of you and the last of you, and the humans of you and the jinn of you, were all to stand together in one place and ask of Me, and I were to give everyone what he requested, then that would not decrease what I Possess, except what is decreased of the ocean when a needle is dipped into it. O My servants, it is but your deeds that I account for you, and then recompense you for. So he who finds good, let him praise Allah, and he who finds other than that, let him blame no one but himself. [Musim – Hadith Qudsi]
This hadith shows the dire need of the creation on As Samad for everything from guidance to food and clothes and forgiveness for our numerous sins. It also displays the self sufficiency and richness of Allah, whose kingdom does not decrease in the slightest from any act of obedience or disobedience from any of His slaves and from His granting all His slaves their requests. Allahu Akbar.
From the other shar’ee meaning of As Samad is the One in which the creation is in dire need of then without Allah, we are nothing. All of these meanings come from the Name As Samad.
It was written in the Tafsir of Ibn Kathir: In his Book of Salah, Al-Bukhari recorded that Anas said, “A man from the Ansar used to lead the people in prayer in the Masjid of Quba’. Whenever he began a Surah in the recitation of the prayer that he was leading them, he would start by reciting `Say: He is Allah, One’ until he completed the entire Surah. Then he would recite another Surah along with it (after it). And used to do this in every Rak`ah. So his companions spoke to him about this saying; `Verily, you begin the prayer with this Surah. Then you think that it is not sufficient for you unless you recite another Surah as well. So you should either recite it or leave it and recite another Surah instead.’ The man replied, `I will not leave it off. If you want me to continue leading you (in prayer), I will do this; and if you all do not like it, I will leave you (i.e., I will stop leading you).’ They used to consider him to be of the best of them to lead them in prayer and they did not want anyone else to lead them other than him. So, when the Prophet, sallalahu alayhi wasalaam, came they informed him of this information and he said, ‗O so-and-so! What prevents you from doing what your companions are commanding you to do, and what makes you adhere to the recitation of this Surah in every Rak`ah?‘ The man said, `Verily, I love it.’ The Prophet, sallalahu alayhi wasalaam, replied, your love of it will cause you to enter Paradise.‘
This short, but amazingly beautiful and profound surah is a description of Allah Himself, His Oneness, His samad‘yyah and His incomparability. Allah revealed this surah as a powerful answer to the people of Makkah who asked the Prophet salallahu ‗alayhi wa sallam to describe His Lord and His lineage.‘
What is ikhlaas ( sincerity)? It is doing deeds purely for Him and to seek His pleasure, because He is Al-Ahad, the One and Unique. It is turning to Him for our needs and desires and desire Him only, because He is As-Samad, The Eternal and the Satisfier of Needs, and it is to live by the fact that there is no one equal to Him in any of His Attributes.
 
Benefits we can learn from this Name
1. Once a person knows that he is need of Allah, the One who is perfect and has no deficiencies, and he affirms this, then he understands that it is to Him that true muhabba should be shown to. It is Allah that is needed for our life in dunya and our life in aakirah. And once this tarbiyyah is built, then the slave will turn to Allah in everything that he needs and thus a person will build his muhabba. Allah says:
Whatever Allah grants to people of mercy – none can withhold it; and whatever He withholds – none can release it thereafter. And He is the Exalted in Might, the Wise. [al Faatir 35:2]
When Allah grants us a blessing, He grants us something we need from Him being As Samad. And as stated in the ayah, no one from the creation can hold back something that Allah is going to give you.
2. Ta’dheem of Allah – to glorify Allah and to praise Him and to thank Him and to understand who Allah is, for He – As Samad, He has no deficiencies, He is perfect in all His Attributes and characteristics and everything that He does. We glorify Him and He deserves this glory due to His perfection in every single characteristic He has, He deserves true glory and true praise.
3. We attain tawwakul in Allah, who is As Samad. When we are in need of Him for anything we need of the blessings from Him, then let us trust the One who holds the blessings of the dunya in His hands, the One who grants everything.
4. Realise your dependence on Him. One of the meanings of As-Samad is the One who is independent and self-sufficient. A person is not samad. Why do we often act like as if we are independent? Especially during good times when we are healthy and wealthy we tend to forget we are even dependant on As-Samad for the strap of our shoe. So remind yourself daily that you are dependent on Him.
5. Turn to As-Samad in good and bad times and rely on Him, resting assured He is the Eternal Refuge and the One who will satisfy your needs in the way He knows is best for you. If you truly believe in As-Samad, your strongest desire will be to meet Him and your only fear will be that of His displeasure. So strive to be a real servant of Allah. The disbeliever is a slave of his desires, or of fashion, his belly, and his money. So beg Him to decrease the love for this world in your heart, including love of being praised by people, and replace it with a firm desire for His pleasure alone.
 
As Samad and other Names
As Samad appears in the Qu’ran and in the du’a of the sahabi mentioned in the hadith, directly after the Name Al Ahad because there is only One Samad – only One being that is perfect, only One being that everyone else needs, there is only One being that is truly self sufficient and free from any need. Every part of creation needs something else for them to be able to live, regardless how rich that person or thing may seem. The truth is, none from the creation is self sufficient. No creation is perfect in their characteristics. Regardless how wise a person may be, he is not perfect in his wisdom. Regardless how knowledgable a person may be, he is not perfect in his knowledge. Regardless how powerful a person is, there will come a day where he would cease to exist. But Allah is Al Ahad, As Samad. He will always be self sufficient and never in need of or dependent on anything.
61) Ar Raaziq
This Name of Allah is mentioned in the Qu’ran 5 times. For example Allah says:
Said Jesus, the son of Mary, “O Allah, our Lord, send down to us a table [spread with food] from the heaven to be for us a festival for the first of us and the last of us and a sign from You. And provide for us, and You are the best of providers.” [al Maeda 5:114]
Allah also says:
 
Or do you, [O Muhammad], ask them for payment? But the reward of your Lord is best, and He is the best of providers. [al Muminoon 23:72]
62) Ar Razzaaq
This Name of Allah is mentioned in the Qur’an once. Allah says:
I
ndeed, it is Allah who is the [continual] Provider, the firm possessor of strength . [adh Dhariyaat 51:58]
 
Linguistic meaning: 
Both Names come from the word razaqa which means to provide, supply with provisions and necessities of life. The complete way of providing and sustaining.
 
Shar’ee meaning:
Ar-Raaziq is the One who provides provisions, the bestower of sustenance. Al Khattabi says: Ar-Raaziq is the one that stands ready to provide provisions from His quwwa for the entire creation. So He sends to the entire creation His provisions and His rahma as his provisions is a form of rahma. He creates all means of nourishment and provision. Ar-Razzaaq is fi’al mubaalagha (exaggerated form) of Raaziq – the One who gives provisions. Allah is always, in every single moment throughout all of time, providing for His creation. He is providing provisions for those who are alive and those who are dead. He provides for the dead the reward or the punishment they deserve. Allah is always Razzaaq and He is always Raaziq even before He created the creation, as is the case in all of His Names. He was always these Names even before He applied them. Imam S’adi says: the rizq of Allah is of 2 types.
1. The provisions of the body – materialistic, tangible provisions. Providing nourishment, care and shelter for the body. General for both Muslim and kafir.
2. The rizq of the heart – with ilm and eemaan. By allowing the heart to know what is halal and what is haraam and to be comfortable and content with Islam, by guiding the heart. This is the specific rizq for the Muslims.
Benefits we can learn from these Names
1. Attain tawakkul in Allah because we know that provisions lie in His hands. Just like the bird who leaves in the morning hungry only to return to his nest with a full stomach in the evening.
Rasoolullah sallalahu alayhi wassalam said in a hadith: If only you relied on Allah a true reliance, He would provide sustenance for you just as He does the birds: They fly out in the morning empty and return in the afternoon with full stomachs.” [Ahmad, An-Nasaa‘I, Ibn Majah, Al-Hakim and At-Tirmidhi – Hasan Sahih] Trust in Ar Razzaaq. Never commit bad deeds in the Name of seeking provision, and trust that all provisions will come from Allah ‗azza wa jal. A beautiful example is the baby raven; when it hatches, it looks white and therefore its mother (black in colour) denies it and doesn‘t recognise it. Then Ar Razzaaq sends it insects to feed on until its feathers grow and turn black for its mother to recognise it. As a baby this bird is left forsaken, but Allah sends it its provision. Just as He provided for you when you were in the womb, He will provide for you after you are born.
2. Be content. Be satisfied with all the rizq you are given. Umar ibn al-Khattaab radiyallahu ‗anhu said:
No amount of guilt can change the past. No amount of worrying can change the future. Go easy on yourself, for the outcome of all affairs is determined by Allah’s decree. If something is meant to go elsewhere, it will never come on your way, but if it is yours by destiny, from you it cannot flee.
Complaining about your body or your wealth means you complain against Ar Razzaaq; strive for ridaa (contentment with His Decree. Provision has to do with honesty and uprightness. What you see of wealth given to some and poverty to others is only superficial; Allah azza wa ljal will bestow the best types of rizq on the best types of people. You need to work as if your rizq depends on how hard you try, but in your heart you know that nothing will come to you except what He has written for you. Knowing that rizq is guaranteed is not an excuse to be lazy. Ar Razzaaq recompenses you according to your intentions. Never be envious of the provisions that Allah has bestowed on others. Because Allah provides to whom He wills, whatever He wants.
3. Never be arrogant over the provisions a person has because it doesn’t belong to him it belongs to Allah. And know that Allah can take it away from you whenever He wants, and it could be due to this arrogance.
4. Understand the ways of Ar Razzaaq Some people do good deeds and practise their religion, yet they don‘t feel much spiritual comfort. This motivates them to hasten to do more righteous work, which helps them to go to the higher and better spiritual state that Allah Ar Razzaaq wants them to reach. So you might feel deprived of spiritual rizq (like tranquillity in the heart), but this is a way Allah azza wa jall causes you to be motivated to do more and therefore be elevated even more.
5. Ponder what Ar Razzaaq has given you. He placed us on fertile lands with countless blessings; even without care the green crops grow, flowers blossom, fruits and vegetables come out of the soil, and the blue oceans are bursting with fish. Ar Razzaaq places the meat of most animals and birds at our service and gives them pure milk and honey. Contemplate your environment and grow your love for Ar Razzaaq and your will to please Him.
6. Remember the counterparts in the Hereafter. All the blessings from this world have perfect counterparts in the Hereafter. Remember the food and drinks in Jannah and ask Ar Razzaaq for them each day. The people of the hellfire will have the most horrific foods and drink; ask Ar Razzaaq to protect you from these.
7. Use your rizq in the right way. Be trustworthy with Allah‘s provisions; don‘t seek haram means; this also prevents your supplications from being answered. One of the things that prevent your rizq from reaching you is your sin. So if you see people disobeying Allah who have material rizq, Ar Razzaaq may have denied them their spiritual rizq, which is much worse.
8. Learn how to increase your rizq. In the Qur’an and Sunnah ways are mentioned for you to increase your rizq; look out for them. Examples are striving for taqwa, praying with khushoo‘, having tawakkul (reliance on Allah), upholding the ties of kinship, being thankful, asking for forgiveness and repenting, giving charity, and reading the Qur’an. When Fatima radiyallahu anha complained to the Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam about her heavy work, he said:
Shall I direct you to something better than what you have requested? When you go to bed say Subhan Allah‘ thirty-three times, Alhamdulillah‘ thirty three times, and Allahu Akbar‘ thirty four times, for that is better for you than a servant . [Al-Bukhari] Benefit from this advice.
 
Ar Razzaaq and other Names
Allah mentions Ar Razzaaq with Al Quwwa al Mateen – One who has the power to do everything, severely powerful. Why are these Names coupled? Because He has the power to provide us with anything we want. Allah is always carrying out the actions of His siffat at the same time, throughout all time, to the entire creation. Ponder over the greatness of Allah. Shows the Ta’dheem of Allah. He is so powerful that He is providing for the entire creation, dead and alive, and at the same time He is changing the haal (state) of people. Always ask for the best when making du’a, never think Allah won’t be able to give you anything. When asking for Jannah, ask for Jannatul firdaws. Committing sins can prevent provisions by losing a blessing that Allah has bestowed. Imam Shafi’ee said: I once was in the market place and I looked at the ankle of a women, by Allah from this day onwards I was unable to memorise the way I used to (Imam Shafi’ee had a photographic memory) I went to Wakeel (his teacher) and complained about this incident, he advised me to leave sinning because he said ilm is from the light of Allah and this light is not bestowed upon sinner. So sinning can have direct effects on the blessings that Allah has given. Blessings can be connected to the deen or not connected to the deen. One of the salaf used to say: My camel would always listen to me, when I told it to take me to a place it did so, until the day I committed a major sin, and then it never listened to me every again.‖ When something happens that comes out of nowhere then its often a sign that it has happened due to a sin – for example a blessing being taken away, e.g. car breaking down, having an argument with family member for no reason. (but it can also be other reasons such as ‘ayn, sihir etc).
63) Al Mubeen
This Name of Allah appears in Qu’ran once. Allah says:
On that day Allah will pay them their just due, and they will know that Allah, He is the Manifest Truth [an Nur 24:25] Al Mubeen is similar in meaning to Al Haqq.
 
Linguistic meaning:
to clarify, to make clear, to explain. To make clear to such an extent that there can be no doubt about it.
 
Shar’ee meaning:
Allah throughout all His Names and Attributes and all of the things He has asked us to ponder and contemplate about shows that He is the One that exists. He has clarified in the Qu’ran that he exists and He has made it clear by creating the creation. He is the One that is clear, the One that is there. Ibn Jariri at Tabari says: Allah is Mubeen, Allah exists and there is no doubt about His existence. When Allah says He is Haqqul Mubeen, Allah is saying that if you can’t see how clear Allah is today, one day you will see. Allah is clear and He has made things clear in the dunya and the aakirah. His shari’ah is clear, His commands are clear, His prohibitions are clear. And the one that engages in the prohibitions, Allah has made the adhaab for that person clear, and the one who follows the commandments, Allah has made the jazaa’ (reward) for that person clear. Imam Sa’di says that the clearness of Allah from the Name Al Mubeen is separated into 2 categories:
1) Dhuhoor adillah – clearness of Allah’s evidences, to prove His existence and to prove is Ruboobiyyah and uluhiyyah and His asma wa siffat. Allah has made these clear throughout the Qur’an and the sunnah.
2) Allah will make Himself clear to the slaves of Allah in Jannah. He will make His face able to be seen on the Day of Increase in Jannah.
With His Name Mubeen, Allah describes the Qur’an and He describes His Prophet Muhammad sallalahu alayhi wassalam. Allah says:
 
Alif, Lam, Ra. These are the verses of the clear Book. [Yusuf 12: 1]
Allah calls Al Qur’an Mubeen because it provides clear evidences to what is right and what is wrong, what is true and what is false. Allah says:
 
How will there be for them a reminder [at that time]? And there had come to them a clear Messenger. [ad Dukhaan 44:13]
Muhammad sallalahu alayhi wassalaam has also been described as Mubeen, because he has explained to us clearly the ayat in Qu’ran that needed explanation. He has explained to us about everything for example Allah told us in the Qur’an to make wudu and Muhammad sallalahu alayhi wassalam showed us how to make wudu and the same goes for salah and other acts of ibaadah. Allah calls Qu’ran Al Mubeen because it is a sifaat of Allah. But He describes Muhammad sallalahu alayhi wassalam as just Mubeen (without the definite particle Al/The). Al Mubeen is only for Allah.
 
Benefits we can learn from this Name
1. Allah has made it clear to us how to worship Him. We don’t have any excuse on yawmal qiyyamah because Allah has made everything mubeen. There is no doubt at all about the existence of Allah because Allah is Al Mubeen. All of His sifaat are clear. Excuse of ignorance can be given in some matters but not all and Islam doesn’t allow ignorance when it comes to the right of Allah and His ubudiyyah.
2. Follow the signs. Follow the way Allah Al-Mubeen made clear for you from the two sources: the Qur’an and sunnah. Al-Mubeen says:
O people of the scripture,There has come to you Our Messenger making clear to you much of what you used to conceal of the scripture and overlooking much. There has come to you from Allah a light and a clear (mubeen) Book [al Maeda 5:15]. Study the explanation of the Quran, such as the Tafseer of Ibn Katheer to gain more understanding of the meanings. Don‘t be satisfied by merely reciting the Quran without understanding it, how else can it be a source of guidance? So treat the ayaat of the Qur’an as the signs on your way through this life as they are meant to be and focus on your final destination: Paradise. Study the ways of the Prophet salallahu ‗alayhi wa sallam as Allah ‗azza wa jall describes him as mubeen:
It has not been revealed to me except that I am a clear (mubeen) warner [Saad 38:70]. Revive his sunnah in your daily life.
3. Know your enemy. One of the ways Allah Al-Mubeen clarifies the straight path is by warning us against hindrances and enemies on our way for whom we should be prepared. Allah azza wa jall says:
O mankind, eat from whatever is on earth [that is] lawful and good and do not follow the footsteps of Satan. Indeed, he is to you a clear enemy [al Baqarah 2:168] Treat shaytan as your enemy and use a‘oodhu billaahi minash-shaytanir rajeem‘ as a daily life weapon in times of anger, doubt and fear.
4. Never belittle sins. It is Al-Mubeen who clarifies for you what is right and what is wrong; never see a sin as small or big, rather consider the One you are sinning against. Allah azza wa jall says:
But whoever earns an offence or a sin and then blames it on an innocent has taken upon himself a slander and manifest (mubeen) sin [an Nisaa 4:112] . Ask Al-Mubeen sincerely to make you recognise your sins, so you are able to repent and set them straight. How many people are blinded by their own sins?
5. Call yourself to account before you are called to account. Al-Mubeen will ultimately clarify everything for us on the Day of Judgement, where lies will be made evident and the truth cannot be escaped from by the disbelievers. Allah azza wa jall says:
So worship what you will besides Him. Say, Indeed, the losers are the ones who will lose themselves and their families on the Day of Resurrection. Unquestionably, that is the manifest (mubeen) loss [az Zumar 39:15].
Pray to Al-Mubeen that you will not become a case against yourself on this dreadful day because of your bad deeds overshadowing your good deeds, because of the sins you belittled or because of the friends you chose:
O you who have believed, do not take the disbelievers as allies instead of the believers. Do you wish to give Allah against yourselves a clear (mubeen) case? [an Nisaa 4:144]
64) Al Haadiy
This Name of Allah appears in the Qur’an twice. Allah says:
And thus have We made for every prophet an enemy from among the criminals. But sufficient is your Lord as a guide and a helper. [al Furqaan 25:31]
Allah also says:
 
And so those who were given knowledge may know that it is the truth from your Lord and [therefore] believe in it, and their hearts humbly submit to it. And indeed is Allah the Guide of those who have believed to a straight path. [al Hajj 22:54]
 
Linguistic meaning:
comes from the word Hada, yahdi, ihdi, al huda which means direction and guidance. It also means to take something out of something and to put them into something else. It also means obedience, and also means gardens. Az Zujaji says it means evidence and to guide someone to a path, road, a way, to take them out from one way into another way.
 
Shar’ee meaning:
Ibn Jarir at Tabari says that Allah by the Name Al-Haadiy is the One that grants guidance and direction to those who believe with turth, Allah will guide and direct them to the path which is true. Allah is enough for us, through these two Names; the Lord that grants provisions through Roobubiyyah and the Lord that grants provisions through hidayah through the Name Al-Haadiy. He grants guidance, directions, He takes us away from the path of evil to the path of good. He guides us from darkness into light. Az Zujaaji says that Al Haadiy is the One that guides the believers, He guides them to Him, upon a path that is clear, from His Name Al-Mubeen, a path that has the actions of the people of Jannah. Al-Haadiy is the One who removes a person from the path of kufr and takes them to the siraatal mustaqeem and keeps them firm on this path, and once they are on that path, He gives to them An-Nahaar – the gardens of Jannah (which is anther meaning of Haadiy). Ibn Qayyim says the guidance of Allah through His Name Al Haadiy is split into 4 categories.
1. Al Hidayahtul ‘aama mustariqa baynal khalq – the guidance that is general that is shared between the entire creation. Allah says:
He [Musa] said, “Our Lord is He who gave each thing its form and then guided [it]. [Ta Ha 20:50] This type of guidance mentioned in the ayah is the guidance that is general, which is shared between the entire creation. This guidance is the guidance of Allah when He creates something, He guides that thing to be able to do that which it has been created for. Allah created the hand and He created the foot and He created the eyes and He created the tongue and He created the ears and He created the different parts of the body. After He created them, He guided them to be able to do that which they were created for. So Allah, after creating the feet, He guided the feet to be able to stand and to be able to walk. After He created the hands, He guided the hands to be able to grasp and to be able to point and touch. After He created the eyes, He guided the eyes so they can see. After He created the tongue, He guided this piece of flesh to speak, to taste. Allah guided the ears to be able to hear. Every part of the body, every organ, that which is inside and out, they all have been given the guidance to do exactly that which it was made to carry out.
2. Al Hidayatal jinn wal ins – The guidance to make things clear. What is good and what is evil and what path is of Jannah and what path is of Jahannam.
3. The guidance of tawfeeq, to be able to take the path of what is clear and good. Allah says:
Then is one to whom the evil of his deed has been made attractive so he considers it good [like one rightly guided]? For indeed, Allah sends astray whom He wills and guides whom He wills. [al Faatir 35:8] Rasoolullah sallalahu alayhi wassalam said: whoever Allah guides non can misguide Him and whoever Allah leaves to go astray, none can guide Him.‖ Allah also says:
Indeed, [O Muhammad], you do not guide whom you like, but Allah guides whom He wills. And He is most knowing of the [rightly] guided. [al Qassas 28:56]
4. The guidance of the aakirah. On yawmal qiyyamah Allah will guide us through His Name Al Haadiy the path to take to get to Jannah and He will decree for angels to either take us to the path of Jannah or to take us to the path of Jahannam. Allah will guide us to our abode. Allah says:
Indeed, those who have believed and done righteous deeds – their Lord will guide them because of their faith. Beneath them rivers will flow in the Gardens of Pleasure. [Yunus 10:9]
Allah says regarding what the people of Jannah will say:
And We will have removed whatever is within their breasts of resentment, [while] flowing beneath them are rivers. And they will say, Praise to Allah, who has guided us to this; and we would never have been guided if
Allah had not guided us. Certainly the messengers of our Lord had come with the truth.” And they will be called, “This is Paradise, which you have been made to inherit for what you used to do.” [al Aa’raaf 7:43]
Allah says regarding the people of Jahannam:
[The angels will be ordered], “Gather those who committed wrong, their kinds, and what they used to worship
Other than Allah , and guide them to the path of Hellfire. [as Saaffat 37: 22-23]
 
Benefits we can learn from this Name
1. To Have muhabba and shukr to Allah for guiding us to the first 3 categories of hidayah. For making our organs guided to do what they were meant to, for guiding us to the path of truth and for giving us the tawfeeq on this path. Also it gives us a feeling of shame, that after Allah has given us hidayah of the organs, we still use them to sin. And we should make du’a that Allah makes us of the fourth category of hidayah as well.
2. Keep asking for guidance. If you seek the truth sincerely, Al-Haadiy will guide you to it. As a believer, you say, a minimum of seventeen times a day when you pray: ihdinas siraatal mustaqeem– guide us on the straight path. Why, while you are already guided to Islam, should you keep asking for guidance? Because there are different levels of guidance for you to attain to be truly guided and because you are in need of continuous hidaayah; realise no one is safe from misguidance. Feel it when you say ihdinas siraatal mustaqeem. These are levels of true guidance: guidance of knowledge to know the truth, the capacity to be guided, to desire to be guided, to act upon it, and to remain steadfast in it. For all obstructions that impede guidance to be removed and to be granted sight of your ultimate goal along the path. For you to be aware of your own desperate need for guidance from Allah azza wa jall over any other necessities and to make you see the misguided paths [summarized from Ibn al Qayyim] So next time you say ‗Guide us to the straight path‘, say it with feelings, sincerely asking to attain all levels of guidance from Allah.
3. Seek guidance from Al-Haadiy in each matter. Whenever you feel lost, stuck or when you have to make a decision, turn to Allah ‗azza wa jall before turning to others. Asking for guidance, you can use this beautiful Name, e.g. by starting your invocation with Yaa Haadiy. Whatever guidance someone or something might give you, know that it truly comes from Al-Haadiy. A means to seek hidaayah is to pray the sunnah istakhaarah prayer.
4. Be thankful and do good to increase your guidance. In Paradise you will say: . . . and we would never have been guided if Allah had not guided us. [al Aa’raaf 7:43 see above] Reflect how hidaayah (guidance) is the best hadiyyah (gift) you can ever get, so thank Allah ‗azza wa jall for it each day. Allah says:
Indeed, We guided him to the way, be he grateful or be he ungrateful. [al Insaan 76:3]
Another benefit of thanking Him for guidance is that He will give you more: Allah says:
And [remember] when your Lord proclaimed, ― If you are grateful, I will surely increase you [in favour].‖ But if you deny, indeed, My punishment is severe.‖ [Ibraheem 14:7]
Also, your good deeds are directly linked to your guidance, so the more good deeds you do, the more Al-Haadi ywill increase your guidance:
And Allah increases those who were guided, in guidance, and the enduring good deeds are better to your Lord for reward and better for recourse. [Maryam 19:76]
5. Invite others to the right path. Invite others to the straight path, first and foremost by showing exemplary behaviour yourself. However, know that true guidance is from Al-Haadiy. This should increase you in your confidence in calling others to Islam, as you know that the results are not dependant on your da‘wah or speech but are in the hands of Al-Haadiy; so don‘t get disheartened or arrogant:
Indeed, [O Muhammad], you do not guide whom you like, but Allah guides whom He wills and He is most knowing of the [rightly] guided [al Qasas 28:56]
 
Al Haadiy and other Names
Allah mentions the Name Al Haadiy with An Naseer. Allah mentions these two Names with each other because the greatest help a person can be given in this life is hidaayah, all the 4 types, as they go hand in hand. To be given the hidaayah to live and die as Muslims and to enter Jannah is the greatest guidance and the greatest help.
65) Al Hakam 66) Al Haakim
Al Hakam appears in the Qur‘an once. Allah says:
[
Say], “Then is it other than Allah I should seek as judge while it is He who has revealed to you the Book explained in detail?” [al An’aam 6:114]
Al Hakeem appears in Qu’ran five times. For example Allah says:
 
And if there should be a group among you who has believed in that with which I have been sent and a group that has not believed, then be patient until Allah judges between us. And He is the best of judges.” [al Aa’raaf 7:87]
Allah also says:
 
Is not Allah the most just of judges? [at Teen 95:8]
 
Linguistic meaning:
Root word means something that prohibits, restrict/prevents from wrongdoing. Haakim the ruler or judge is called something that prohibits because every judge will try to prohibit oppression. Allah being the judge and the One who judges, He prohibits injustice. He is Khayrun Haakimeen – the best of judges, He will prohibit all types of injustice that took place in dunya. Being wise and knowing the true nature of things.
 
Shar’ee meaning:
Hakam is the arbitrator between two people. Every injustice that took place between 2 people, Allah will be the arbitrator with Haqq. He will judge with justice, and truthfulness. He legislates rules to turn mankind from wrongdoing and His rules are for our own benefit. Hakam is a verbal noun and emphasises the act of delivering justice whereas hakeem refers to the essential nature of the possessor of wisdom. Al-Hakam refers to the totality of Allah‘s power to judge and arbitrate with perfect justice and immense mercy, which cannot be compared with the judging and arbitrating of any other created being. Al-Haakim is the judge, ruler and master. He will be the judge, the ruler the master Al Qurtabi says: meaning of Haakim is that Allah will be the overall judge of everyone. Al Khattabi says: He has chosen this Name because He has prohibited all forms of injustice. Indeed He has Hukm and everyone of us will return back to Him and Allah will judge between His slaves in what they differed in. Al Qurtabi says: Hakam and Haakim have a subtle difference. The word Hakam is not given to every Haakim. Every Haakim is not necessarily Hakam. But every Hakam is Haakim. Because for one to be Hakam, one must judge with Haqq and one must rule with Haqq. This is why the rulers of this world, even though they may rule with justice they are not Hakam, because the One who is Hakam, doesn’t just rule and judge with haqq but He is glorified and praised because He is completely Hakam, so this word/Name is saved only for Allah. Only Allah knows the ins and out of why a person did something and what reward or punishment he deserves.
Ibn al Qayim says the Hukm of Allah is categorised into 3:
1) Al Hukm kawni al qaddari – things to do with what Allah has decreed in this dunya which is not necessarily related to the deen.
· a) that which a person has some sort of control over for example what they eat, wear etc
· b) Hukm of Allah where a person has no control over for example the weather, gender of child, death.
2) Hukm ad-deeni ash-shar’ee – this is something where a Muslim has no right to chose what he takes and what he doesn’t take. When he finds out something is from Allah and His Messenger sallalahu alayhi wassalam, he must submit to it entirely. Allah says:
It is not for a believing man or a believing woman, when Allah and His Messenger have decided a matter, that they should [thereafter] have any choice about their affair. And whoever disobeys Allah and His Messenger has certainly strayed into clear error.
[al Ahzaab 33:36]
But no, by your Lord, they will not [truly] believe until they make you, [O Muhammad], judge concerning that over which they dispute among themselves and then find within themselves no discomfort from what you have judged and submit in [full, willing] submission. [an Nisaa 4:65] It is not for the believer to turn away from anything in shar’ah, but they must accept everything.
Point of benefit; what does it mean to submit in its entirety? It means not to hate it. As anyone who hates anything from Shari’ah has left the folds of Islam by ijmaa’. A sign that you do not hate something is that when it happens you will understand. For example if your husband was to take another wife, natural jealousy is bound to occur but if you hate it to the extent it interferes with your eemaan and the way you live, then know that its a sign that you actually hate the ruling, which is haraam and is a nullifier of the deen. Allah is Al Hakeem, most wise. Allah through His wisdom that He knows best, has allowed for something to happen for example the permissibility of a Muslim man marrying up to 4 women. Rasoolullah sallalahu alayhi wassalam said:The best amongst you is the one with the most wives. This is a means of looking after more people, and bringing more children into the dunya.
3) Al Hukm al jazaa-i – Hukm of yawmal qiyyamah, Allah will decree who will get rewarded and who will get punished.
[All] sovereignty that Day is for Allah; He will judge between them. So they who believed and did righteous deeds will be in the Gardens of Pleasure.
And they who disbelieved and denied Our signs – for those there will be a humiliating punishment. [al Hajj 22: 56-57]
 
Benefits we can learn from these Names
1. A person will fear Allah in taking the rights of the people. Allah has prohibited all forms of injustice. On yawmal qiyyamah a person who was wronged someone will be given back their right from the person who had wronged them. Whoever has oppressed his brother, then let him sort it out in this world. Any form of injustice that happens in dunya, if someone has unlawfully oppressed you or mocked you, then know that Allah has your right that is ready for you in aakirah. So never despair or have sorrow that Allah has decreed for someone to take away your rights, because Allah has prepared your rights in the aakirah. So live a life of contentment with regards to all issues of the dunya. Trust in Al-Hakam at all times. Take comfort in the fact that even if people are unjust, you will get your justice from Al-Hakam. Don‘t despair, and fully rely on His judgment. Al-Hakam says:
Follow what has been revealed to you, and be steadfast until Allah‘s judgement comes. He is the Best of Judges. [Yunus 10:109]
2. Be motivated to do good deeds. Al-Hakam is wise. He is the ultimate Judge, and He decreed that you don‘t have to bear the sin of another. You‘ll never ever be wronged by Al-Hakam; you‘re never punished for more than the sin you commit, nor will any good deed go without a reward. This is the justice-system of Al-Hakam:
Whoever brings a good deed shall have ten times the like thereof to his credit, and whoever brings an evil deed shall have only the recompense of the like thereof, and they will not be wronged. [al An’aam 6:160]. Let this motivate you to take each chance to do a good deed; benefit from your health, wealth and free time by using them wisely.
3. Make the Qur’an and sunnah your guides. You should take the Qur’an and the sunnah for guidance in all matters, in all areas in your life. How many people refer to non-Islamic legislations only when it comes to divorce, inheritance, and the like? You should make the Qur’an and sunnah your guidance between right and wrong in everything you do, to guide you in your personal life, your community, your society, your interactions with others, your business, etcetera.
4. Remember Al-Hakam and stand up for the truth. Remind yourself that you will stand before Him one day to be judged by Him. Make this your motivation to mind your actions in this world. Always stand up for truth and justice, even if it‘s against yourself. Strive for a positive verdict from the One and only judge.
5. Always be fair and equal in judging others. Whenever you‘re in a position to judge between parties, for example a family affair, always be equal and just. Al-Hakam says:
Indeed Allah commands you to render trusts to whom they are due and when you judeg between people judge with justice. Excellent is that which Allah instructs you. Indeed, Allah is ever Hearing and Seeing. [an Nisaa 4:58]
6. Never object to the decree of Al-Hakam. Whenever Al-Hakam decrees something, He does so with perfect wisdom. Never object to the decree of Al-Hakam by complaining about your fate and questioning Him
7. Ask Al-Hakam for protection and guidance. Ask Allah Al-Hakam to protect you from injustice at the hands of others and ask Him to make you just toward others. Ask Al-Hakam to make you adhere to whatever He‘s legislated for you.
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An Explanaton of Allahs Beautiful Names and Attributes part 19

53) Al Mawlaa
This Name of Allah has been mentioned in the Qur’an 13 times. For Example, Allah says:
But if they turn away – then know that Allah is your protector. Excellent is the protector, and Excellent is the helper. [al Anfaal 8:40]
Allah also says
 
That is because Allah is the protector of those who have believed and because the disbelievers have no protector. [Muhammad 47:11]
 
Linguistic Meaning:
Same root as waliy. Leader, master, expert. But can also be used for slave.
 
Shar’ee meaning:
master, completely in charge. Put with Al-Waliy. Allah is the mawla of Haqq. A waliy is someone who is willing to help, protect and support you whereas a mawlaa is more than a waliy; it is someone who has the ability to protect you and does so. Allah is Al- Waliy, the Ally, the Guardian and He is Al-Mawlaa, the Master and Protector. He is the One infinite Protector.
 
Benefits we can learn from this Name
1. Call upon Al-Mawlaa and strive in His path. In both occasions Allah azza wa jall mentions the statement: ni‘mal Mawlaa wa ni‘mal Naseer , it is preceded by the command to strive in the path of Allah and Islam. So if you struggle with your soul, wealth and person in the way of Allah with all your might, know that Al-Mawlaa will help you and protect you in the most perfect way. Use this powerful dhikr in your daily life and reflect upon its meaning.
2. Strive to be of the awliyaa of Allah. Allah has mentioned the signs by which His close friends or awliya‘ may be known. They are: faith (eemaan) and piety (taqwa). Whoever is a believer and is pious is a close friend of Allah, and whoever is not like that is not a close friend of Allah. So strive to be of the close friends of Al-Mawlaa by fulfilling your obligatory acts of worship and supplementing them by many voluntary acts and good deeds.
3. Know that faith is thicker than blood. In the context of your relationship with the Prophet Ibraheem alayhi sallam Allah azza wa jall uses the word awlaa in the Quran:
Indeed, the most worthy of Abraham among the people are those who followed him [in submission to Allah] and this prophet, and those who believe [in his message]. And Allah is the ally of the believers. [ale Imran 3:68].
 
Awlaa comes from the same root as mawlaa and means to be more entitled and worthier. What you can learn from this ayah is to actively study the lessons from the story of Ibraheem alayhi sallam, subsequently increase your love for him and strengthen your Tawheed. Let it motivate you to follow the sunnah of the Prophet Muhammad salallahu alayhi wa sallam.
4. Be helpful. Rasoolullah salallahu alayhi wa sallam said: Allah will aid a servant (of His) so long as the servant aids his brother . [Muslim]
5. Do dhikr with this Name. Every night before you go to sleep, recite the last ayaat of surah al-Baqarah [285 – 286] in which Allah‘s Beautiful Name Al-Mawlaa is mentioned. The Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam said: Whoever recites the last two verses of surah al-Baqarah at night, those two verses shall be sufficient for him [Al-Bukhari, Muslim]
54) An Naseer 
 
This Name of Allah is mentioned in the Qu’ran 5 times.
For example Allah says:
 
But if they turn away – then know that Allah is your protector. Excellent is the protector and excellent is the helper [al Anfaal 8:40]
Allah also says:
 
And Allah is most knowing of your enemies; and sufficient is Allah as an ally, and sufficient is Allah as a helper [an Nisaa 4:45]
55) An Naasir
Allah says:
But Allah is your Protector, and He is the best of helpers [ale Imran 3:150]
 
Linguistic Meaning:
Both Names come from the word Nasara. Helping, specifically against an enemy/oppressor. Defend a cause, grant victory or let triumph.
 
Shar’ee meaning:
One who Helps. The one who carries out the help. The best of the one who helps. Khairun Naasir. The ultimate helper, supporter and defender of His believing slaves. Naseer – exaggerated form, He is Naasir, helps specifically, individually. Naseer helping all the time, individual, specific, and all the other mainstream.
An-Naseer is the Greatest helper against the disbelievers. The best and greatest of those who help and the greatest source of help. The help of Allah is something He promised His slaves and made it obligatory on Himself. Allah says in an ayah of great comfort for the believers:
And We have already sent messengers before you to their peoples, and they came to them with clear evidences; then We took retribution from those who committed crimes, and incumbent upon Us was support of the believers. [al Room 30:47]
Why has Allah delayed Nasr? We know that Allah’s help will come as He has promised it, and His promise is haqq. The delay in the Nasr of Allah can be because;
1) The majority of the Ummah are sinning, and will be upon kufr rather than tawheed and upon bidah and not sunnah.
2) A knowledgeable person who has taqwa has sinned.
3) As a means to make the ummah mature. To grow through tests and make the ummah and ummah of tawwakal ala allah.
4) To make it known to humanity how wrong and false kufr is. Until when Islam conquers, and people embrace Islam because they have seen and know the justice of Islam as opposed to the corruption of kufr.
5) Allah is cleaning the sins of His slaves so they become leaders of the ummah like Khalid bin Walid and Umar ibn Khattab. (Al Qurtabi)
 
O you who have believed, if you support Allah, He will support you and plant firmly your feet. [Muhammad 47:7]
How can we support Allah?
1) By Jihad fisabilillah
2) By making ourselves better through worshipping Allah and leaving sins.
3) By Making du’a as it is one of the greatest weapons of the believers.
 
An Naseer and other Names
· Allah mentions Al-Mawla with An-Naseer. Help originates from Him and He knows exactly how to help. He is the master, He knows what is help and how to help.
· Allah mentions Al-Hadiy with An-Naseer – Someone who is guided, on correct path. Hadiyah wa naseera The One who guides is One who helps and the greatest help a person can be given is that of hidayah.
 
Different types of Nasr
The help or victory ( nasr) of Allah ‗azza wa jall is of different types described by the scholars.
· One type is the victory that is deserved; it comes with a price, which is faith and preparation. For example the victory of worthiness of the sahaabah at the battle of Badr. This is the type of victory for the believer who obeys Allah  azza wa jall and wins.
· The second type is a victory that is not deserved by the faith and obedient behaviour of a certain group, but Allah azza wa jall decrees victory for them according to His wisdom in that situation.
· The third type is the principal victory, which might not be seen as victory by others, but in reality indicates the true victory of a human being. An example are the believers in the story of the Ditch described in surah Al-Burooj, who were killed in masses and the hairdresser of the daughter Fir‘awn of whom her children and herself were thrown in boiling oil. How did they win? They stood by their belief in Allah azza wa jall and by their principles and gained the ultimate victory: the pleasure and reward of An-Naseer that He has prepared for the martyrs in the highest Paradise.
Benefits we can learn from these Names
1. Aid in Allah‘s cause. An-Naseer says:
If Allah should aid you, no one can overcome you; but if He should forsake you, who is there that can aid you after Him? And upon Allah let the believers rely [ale Imran 3:160] Help in Allah‘s cause by defending Islam, spread the message of the Quran and standing by your Islamic principles. Teach the children to stand up for the truth by showing them the correct role models and heroes of Islam, both contemporary and from the past. The Muslim nation is in need of those who stick to the principles of Islam. So get close to the Qur’an and inspire others to, use it as a guidance in your actions and the help of Allah will come.
2. Help your brothers and sisters. As part of a hadith recorded by Muslim, the Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam said: …Allah is helping the servant as long as the servant is helping his brother. The point is to look out actively where you can help your brothers and sisters so you will get the help of An-Naseer in return. Sometimes you can help someone financially by paying their debts, spiritually by giving them emotional support and advice or even by your reputation or authority. Use all the means An-Naseer gave you to help those in need.
3. Never mistrust Allah and His help. To deserve the help from An-Naseer you must strongly believe in Him and His Attributes. Take your inspiration from Musa ‗alayhi sallam:
And when the two companies saw one another, the companions of Musa said; Indeed, we are to be overtaken! [Moses] said, No! Indeed, with me is my Lord; He will guide me [ash Shu’araa 26:61-62] But don‘t just have faith alone without action. You need to prepare as well. So think well of Allah, believe in Him and do whatever you can in taking precautions.
4. Know that help comes from Allah alone. Never think you were helped in a certain situation, just because you made the right decision or because you were so skilful. Don‘t say I did this and succeeded, rather say ―Allah is my Helper and all success comes from Him alone‖ A subtle way An-Naseer helps you is when He fills your heart with happiness and security when you make a right decision and He fills it with anxiety and pessimism when you make a wrong decision. So recognise the help of Allah in your life and be grateful.
5. Call on An-Naseer. He can defeat any army, any illness and any struggle, so ask Him, and make du’a for help using these Names.
56) Al Wakeel 
57) Al Kafeel 
The Name of Allah Al Wakeel has been mentioned in the Qur’an 14 times. For example Allah says:
 
And rely upon Allah, and sufficient is Allah as disposer of affairs. [al Ahzaab 33:3]
Allah Allah also says:
 
Indeed, over My [believing] servants there is for you no authority. And sufficient is your Lord as Disposer of affairs. [al Israa 17:65]
Al Kafeel has been mentioned in the Qur’an once. Allah says:
 
And fulfil the covenant of Allah when you have taken it, [O believers], and do not break oaths after their confirmation while you have made Allah , over you, a witness. Indeed, Allah knows what you do. [an Nahl 16:91]
It is also mentioned in a Hadith from Sahih Bukhari.
 
Linguistic meaning of Wakeel:
Comes from word wakila or wakala, means to entrust, to trust, to rely. Tawwakul comes from the same word. To appoint or entrust for the care of management of something. Guardian of one’s interests. Wakeel also means agent, representative, secretary. The wakeel of a person is the one who represents him or does what the person is incapable of doing on his behalf.
 
Shar’ee meaning of Al Wakeel:
Allah will be your representative, He will carry out all your affairs, anything you need, whatever goal you want to achieve, go to Him and He will give. Allah is Al Wakeel, the greatest representative, greatest being to trust than anything from the creation. By the Name al Wakeel, Allah is saying if you need to trust and rely on someone, than it will be Me. So have that trust in me and I will give.
 
Linguistic meaning of Kafeel:
a sponsor, a guarantor, a surety
 
Shar’ee meaning of Al Kafeel:
When person takes Allah as kafeel, he has taken Allah as a witness to that transaction. Allah is Al Kafeel.
 
That is your Lord Allah, there is no deity except Him, The Creator of all thing, so Worship Him. He is Disposer of all things. [al An’aam 6:102]
Allah being the Wakeel over everyone does not take away the right of another person who Allah is Wakeel over. Him being Wakeel for one person, it doesn’t take away the right of another person that wants Allah to be his Wakeel.
He is the Wakeel for everyone and the perfect Wakeel. Takes charge of the affairs of those in His care, managing all matters as He pleases.
Imam S’adi says Wakeel of Allah is of 2 types
· General/ ‘Aam – He is the Wakeel for whole of creation. Providing basic necessities, provision, help, and security even of the bird that leaves its nest hungry in the morning and returns home in the evening with a full stomach. Allah opened for it the path to its provision. Allah is wakeel for the kuffar as well as Muslims in the general form.
· Specific/Khaas – He is the Wakeel of the awliya of Allah, the Muslims, eases for them their difficulties and grants them the sustenance of the heart. When the heart needs something, He gives them that which completes the heart.
 
Narrated Abu Hurairah (radiallahu anhu): The Prophet (sallallaahu alaihi wasallam) said, A Man from the people before (from bani Israel) asked another Man to lend him one thousand Dinars. The second man required witnesses. The former replied, Allaah is sufficient as a witness.'(wakeel) The second said, I want a surety.‘ The former replied, Allaah is sufficient as a surety.‘ (kafeel). The second said, You are right,‘ and lent him the money for a certain period. The debtor went across the sea. When he finished his job, he searched for a conveyance so that he might reach in time for the repayment of the debt, but he could not find any. So, he took a piece of wood and made a hole in it, inserted in it one thousand dinar and a letter to the lender and then closed the hole tightly. He took the piece of wood to the sea and said. O Allaah! You know well that I took a loan of one thousand Dinars from so-and-so. He demanded a surety from me but I told him that Allaah‘s Guarantee was sufficient and he accepted Your guarantee. He then asked for a witness and I told him that Allaah was sufficient as a Witness, and he accepted You as a Witness. No doubt, I tried hard to find a conveyance so that I could pay his money but could not find, so I hand over this money to You.‘ Saying that, he threw the piece of wood into the sea till it went out far into it, and then he went away. Meanwhile he started searching for a conveyance in order to reach the creditor‘s country. One day the lender came out of his house to see whether a ship had arrived bringing his money, and all of a sudden he saw the piece of wood in which his money had been deposited. He took it home to use for fire. When he sawed it, he found his money and the letter inside it. Shortly after that, the debtor came bringing one thousand Dinars to him and said, By Allah, I had been trying hard to get a boat so that I could bring you your money, but failed to get one before the one I have come by.‘ The lender asked, Have you sent something to me?‘ The debtor replied, I have told you I could not get a boat other than the one I have come by.‘ The lender said, Allaah has delivered on your behalf the money you sent in the piece of wood. So, you may keep your one thousand Dinars and depart guided on the right path.‘ [Al-Bukhari]
This shows us when a person has complete trust and reliance on Al Kafeel, the one who will testify for you, your guarantee, the one who you entrust, provide you that asureity then He will fulfil His contract. Kafeel is more specific term of Wakeel, Wakeel is general and can include Kafeel.
 
Benefits we can learn from these Names
1. Trust in Allah. Once we know Allah is the one who deserves complete trust and reliance, and is the Wakeel for every single creation, then we must know, that tawakkul is something that must be instilled in our hearts. How excellent of a wakeel and kafeel, one who has created creation and has promised to be your Wakeel in this life and the hereafter. He has promised to take care of your needs in the dunya. If you worry about your provisions, then take a look at the birds that Allah created for our benefit, how they have no rizq to start off with but Allah provides for them. If He can provide for them and they have no form of provisions, then what about the one who has aqil (intellect). Is Allah not going to provide for you? Reliance on Allah (tawakkul) means you entrust your affairs to Him, take every worldly precaution, and submit to Al-Wakeel for the result. An example is the hijrah for which the prophet salallahu alayhi wasallam and Abu Bakr radiyyallahu anhu planned according to their means. However, they were overtaken by the Quraysh. This is when the prophet calmed Abu Bakr with a beautiful statement of tawakkul.
Abu Bakr As-Siddiq (radi Allahu anhu) said, when the Messenger of Allah (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) and I were in the cave of Thaur and I saw the feet of the polytheists who were above us at the mouth of the cave (on the eve of the Emigration), I submitted: “O Messenger of Allah! If one of them were to look down below his feet, he would see us”. He (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) said, “O Abu Bakr! What do you think of two whose third is Allah?” [Al-Bukhari and Muslim]
2. Pray istikharah . One of the most beautiful examples of trusting in Al-Wakeel‘s choice is the istikharah prayer. Ask Allah that if the matter is good for you to make it easy for you and if not, to take it away and then be content with the decree of Al-Wakeel. Make it a habit to practice this sunnah in your daily life, for big and small matters, as the Prophet salallahu ‗alayhi wa sallam taught the companions to make istikharah in all things, just as he used to teach them suwar of the Quran.
3. Do not be anxious about the future. Many people are depressed or worried about their or their children‘s future. Don‘t fear the power of the enemy, never go for unlawful earnings, and know that you can trust Al-Wakeel because He will manage your affairs in the way best for you. Be inspired by what Ibraheem alayhi sallam said when he was thrown in the fire: Allah suffices me, for He is the best disposer of affairs (hasbunallaahu wa ni‘mal wakeel) Take the example of those who entrusted their souls to Al-Wakeel, like Haajar, when she was left in the desert with Ismaeel alayhi sallam who said with true belief: Did your Lord order you to do so, then He shall not forsake us. From the manners of having tawakkul in Allah is to trust in His commands and stay away from His prohibitions. Have tawakkul upon Al Hayy, the one who never dies. A person after establishing these 2 Names in His heart, he understands that rizq is from Allah and everything of the dunya, Allah decides who and when it will go to. Rizq has been written, you will get whatever Allah has written for you. Tie your camel.
4. Be someone others can trust and rely on. Be someone others can turn to when they need help, and when you have to act on someone‘s behalf fear Al-Wakeel and fulfill your duty as good as you can. The Prophet salallahu ‗alayhi wa sallam said:
 
Allah will aid a servant (of His) so long as the servant aids his brother . [Muslim]
5. Do dhikr with this Name. Every morning and evening say;
Allah is sufficient for me. There is no God but He. I have placed my trust in Him, He is Lord of the Majestic Throne. Whoever says this seven times in the morning after fajr, and seven times after Asr, Allah will take care of whatever worries him of the matter of this world and the hereafter. [Abu Dawood, Muslim]
The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wassalam said: Whoever says (when he leaves his house) In the Name of Allah, I put my trust in Allah and there is no power and no strength except with Allah- , it will be said to him: You are taken care of and you are protected and guided, and the devils will move away from him, and one devil says: What can you do with a man who has been guided, taken care of and protected? [Abu Dawood, At-Tirmidhi]
 
Stories of tawakkul
· Ibrahim alayhi salaam showed amazing examples of tawakkul throughout His life. As a young man, when he was arguing with his people about the fallacy of worshipping idols he said with certainty and reliance on Allah:
And his people argued with him. He said, “Do you argue with me concerning Allah while He has guided me? And I fear not what you associate with Him [and will not be harmed] unless my Lord should will something. My Lord encompasses all things in knowledge; then will you not remember? [Al An‘aam 6:80] Continuing with Ibrahim alayhi salaam‘s life and his frequent displays of tawakkul in Allah, another example can be seen when He was thrown in the fire by the mushrikeen. His tawakkul was displayed when Jibreel alayhi salaam came to him saying: Do you need anything? Ibrahim replied If it is from you then no. Then he repeated the statement hasbi Allahu wa nimal wakeel.‖ This statement will be discussed in further detail later on.
Every one of his situations spoke aloud reflecting his certainty. Additionally, his leaving his wife alone with his breastfeeding infant in the desert is another bright example reflecting his certainty. And this incident also displays the tawakkul of Haajar may Allah be pleased with her. When she realised that it was Allah who commanded Ibrahim to leave them in the desert She asked him: “Did Allah command you to do so?” He replied: “Yes.” Then she said: “We are not going to be lost, since Allah, Who has commanded you, is with us.” At this time she didn‘t know that zamzam would burst from the ground for her and her infant, which would remain until the day of judgement but it was her yaqeen and tawakkul in Allah that lead her to state what she had said. May Allah be please with her.
· The story of Umm Musa also shows tawakkul, when she was inspired to put her baby infant in the river Nile, she did so. To save your son, throw him in the river Nile – this doesn’t make sense to us intellectually. But she had complete trust in Allah, so she threw him the in the Nile, the most ferocious river in the world. But Musa ended up in the very palace of the Fir’awn. And Umm Musa was also reunited with him. Fir’awn appointed an army for her to travel to and fro her house, in order to nurse Musa. This is the fruit of trust in Allah.
· Another amazing display of tawakkul is seen in the story of Musa alayhi salaam when firawn and his army was behind him and the sea in front of him. Allah told him to hit the water with his staff. Sometimes if doing something doesn’t make sense or it seems like it won‘t do anything, still go ahead and do it as this is your reliance on Allah. Allah made the ocean split in half. Musa’s firm tawakkul and yaqeen is seen in His reply to his people when they thought they were going to be caught.
[Musa] said; No. Indeed My Lord is with me. He will guide me. [ash Shu’araa 26:22]
· Another example from the story of Musa alayhi salaam is when he was put up in front of the magicians. Allah said, throw your stick, even though on the face of it, it seems as if this won‘t do anything, but it is the part of having trust in Allah. Ibn Qayyim says: for a person to have complete trust in Allah they must believe that if they do this certain action Allah will help them without a shadow of a doubt.
From stories like this, we see who Al Wakeel is. Allah is testing us and He wants us to truly trust Him and to follow Islam completely. A person may for example start doubting how he will provide for his family and shaytaan will open up so many haraam avenues, riba, mortgage, haram income etc. But had the person waited a little while longer, Allah would open up doors that they didn’t even know existed. Allah made Fir’awn the one that takes in the very boy that was going to kill him, and looks after him and his mother. Allah is the one that will open up path for His slaves. A believer must know in every situation of difficulty and dire need, Allah is the one that deserves complete trust and reliance. True tawakkal is when person relies upon Allah. A person can rely on other things too but they have to know that these other things are only means. For example of medicine – it is a means to treat illness, but only Allah holds the key to the cure of the illness. One can take permissible means, but has to have tawakkul upon Allah. The cure lies in the hands of Allah. The medicine may treat him or may not treat him it is just a means.
58) Al Kaafiy
This Name of Allah appears in the Qu’ran once. Allah says:
 
Is not Allah sufficient for His Servant [Prophet Muhammad]? And [yet], they threaten you with those [they worship] other than Him. And whoever Allah leaves astray – for him there is no guide.[az Zumar 39:36]
Allah uses this Name in a verb form, having the action in other ayat. For example Allah says:
 
And Allah repelled those who disbelieved, in their rage, not having obtained any good. And sufficient was Allah for the believers in battle, and ever is Allah Powerful and Exalted in Might. [al Ahzaab 33:25]
Allah also says:
 
So if they believe in the same as you believe in, then they have been [rightly] guided; but if they turn away, they are only in dissension, and Allah will be sufficient for you against them. And He is the Hearing, the Knowing. [al Baqarah 2:137]
Linguistic meaning:
ismul fa’il comes from verb; kafa /yakfi, to be sufficient, to suffice, to be enough. Also means hasbuk enough.
 
Shar’ee meaning:
Az Zujaji says: Allah is enough for the believers in every aspect of his life, in terms of his provisions, security, wants/desires/needs, protection, in every single matter. Allah from His Name Al Kaafiy, is enough for you. If you done something to have the whole world go against you but for Allah to love you, that is enough. If you done something that results in taking the whole world as enemies, but you have Allah as a friend, then that is enough. When a person remembers Allah through this Name, then let him know that whenever there comes a time where he is upsetting people by worshipping Allah, let him know that Allah is enough for him. There is no obedience to the creation when there is disobedience to Allah. (Trimidhi). In this time of test/difficulty, Allah is enough for you.
Ibn Sa’di says: Allah being al Kaafiy is of 2 types.
1) General – For all of His slaves, kuffar, Muslims, mushrik, in all their matters, wants, needs and requirements.
2) Specific – Allah being al Kaafiy for the awliya of Allah, by granting them nasr and granting them His Ma’eeyah – being close to them and granting aid and help.
 
Al-Kaafiy and other Names
In the ayaat in which the root kafaa is mentioned, we often find the words wa kafaa bil-laahi (and sufficient is Allah as . . .) followed by a beautiful Name of Allah. We find this combination most often with the Names Al-Wakeel (The Disposer of Affairs), Al-Haseeb (The Accountant, or Reckoner) and Ash-Shaheed (The Witness).
Al-Kaafiy says:
And do not obey the disbelievers and the hypocrites but do not harm them and sufficient is Allah as Disposer of affairs. [al Ahzaab 33:48].
And He says:
 
[Allah praises] those who convey the messages of Allah and fear Him and do not fear anyone but Allah. And sufficient is Allah as Accountant. [al Ahzaab 33:39]
But Allah bears witness to that which He has revealed to you. He has sent it down with His knowledge, and the angels bear witness [as well]. And sufficient is Allah as Witness.
[an Nisaa 4:166]
Most related in meaning to al Kaafiy is the beautiful Name Al-Wakeel. Abu Alsood said: tawakkal alallah means to leave everything up to Allah azza wa jall and kafa allah wakeela means Allah azza wa jall is sufficient as protector, as the one and only whom you leave everything up to.
 
Benefits we can learn from this Name
Similar to Al Wakeel and Al Kafeel
1. In anything we do in the dunya, let the ultimate goal always be Allah. if Allah is happy with us, then that is what matters. Example of a da’ee in a village, if all the people in the village love him then he cannot be a good da’ee. There will always be people who dislike his enjoining the good and forbidding the evil. Make Allah your goal of every action, and remember when you are going through trials and test of pleasing others and in this if you displease Allah, then you haven’t made Allah what is enough for you, but have chosen to please the people instead. Allah says:
O you who have believed. Obey Allah and the Messenger and those in authority among you. And if you disagree over anything, refer it to Allah and the Messenger, if you should believe in Allah and the last day. That is the best [way] and best in result. [an Nisaa 4:59]. Allah didn’t use the verb ‘obey’ before those in authority among you Obey Allah and Obey His Messenger. If those that came after come with something against Allah and The Messenger then we reject it, and only follow it if it goes with what Allah and His Messenger says. Firm belief in Al-Kaafiy and His perfect ability to suffice all your needs means you are not afraid of people and their decisions, nor are you worried about losing worldly possessions. Even when you feel you cannot defend yourself against people‘s accusations, know Al-Kaafiy will suffice you as a helper:
Indeed, We are sufficient for you against the mockers [al Hijr 15:95]
And Allah is most knowing of your enemies; and sufficient is Allah as an ally, and sufficient is Allah as a helper [an Nisaa, 4:45]. So next time you feel anxious or stressed about people or belongings, remind yourself that Allah is Al-Kaafiy; He is the only one to suffice all your needs.
2. Remember the day you will be sufficient as an accountant.
[It will be said], Read your record. Sufficient is yourself against you this Day as accountant [al Israa 17:14].
This means that you have not been treated unjustly and nothing has been recorded against you except what you have done, because you remember everything that you have done, and no one will forget anything that he did. Everyone will be able to read his Book, whether he is literate or illiterate. [Tafseer ibn Katheer]. So remember that one day you will be confronted with each deed you do, every step you take and every word you utter. Use this as a motivation to present a book full of good deeds in shaa Allah.
3. Learn from the past. As a believer you have an extremely important task: to take lessons from the past and specifically from the stories of the former people in the Qur’an.
And how many have We destroyed from the generations after Noah. And sufficient is your Lord, concerning the sins of His servants, as Acquainted and Seeing. [al Israa 17:17] Allah ‗azza wa jall observes how you respond to these stories; do you study them, look at the characteristics of these former groups and their sins so you know what to avoid or do you treat them as ―stories from the past‖ without acting upon them? Kafaa bil-laahi shaheeda– Allah is sufficient as a witness.
4. Be someone who strives to fulfil others‘ needs. Even though only Allah is perfect in sufficing each and every need, you can take inspiration from this beautiful attribute by doing your best to fulfil another person’s needs as much as you can.
59) Al Fattaah
This Name of Allah is mentioned in the Qur’an once. Allah says:
 
We would have invented against Allah a lie if we returned to your religion after Allah had saved us from it. And it is not for us to return to it except that Allah , our Lord, should will. Our Lord has encompassed all things in knowledge. Upon Allah we have relied. Our Lord, decide between us and our people in truth, and You are the best of those who give decision.” [al A’raaf 7:59]
 
Linguistic meaning:
comes from the word fataha or al fath which means something that opens when its closed, something that helps or provides helps, also means a request to open and a request to help. Al Fath can also mean to one who judges with truth.
 
Shar’ee meaning:
1) Al Haakim: The judge, who judges between His slaves with honesty, justice and truthfulness, with the rulings of the shari’ah. Al Khattabi says: He is the Haakim from the Name Al Fattaah and He will judge between His slaves.
2) The One who opens to His slaves the doors of rahma, and rizq. He opens for them the doors which were previously closed through the Name Al Fattaah. Imam Sa’di says: whenever a person achieves something which He thinks he can’t get to, let him call upon Al Fattaah – the ones who opens these doors.
3) The One who helps His worshippers, the believers and the ones who are oppressed. All from the Name Al Fattaah, He opens up for His slaves the doors of help and victory. And more specifically He helps those who are oppressed even if they be kuffar, because Allah has prohibited oppression in all circumstances. Imam Sa’di says that the meaning of being the One that opens the doors of blessings for His slaves is split into 2 categories.
1) Allah opens for them the deen and the shari’ah and He opens for them their rewards. When Allah opens for them the deen and the shari’ah He allows for them to be Muslims, to practice Islam correctly, to be firm upon As-Siratal Mustaqeem. These are the blessings of Allah from the Name Al Fattaah. And once the believers practice Islam correctly and is firm upon the right path, then He opens for them the doors of the rewards He has prepared – rewards of dunya and aakirah, that are associated with the deeds he has done in this life.
2) Allah opens to them the qadar. He opens for His slaves: actions of good and actions of evil, tests, hardships, difficulties, ease etc. Whatever Allah opens up for His slaves, no one can hold back. Imam Sa‘di says: He grants benefits of the dunyaa and deen to His slaves, and opens the locks upon hearts for those whom He has favored with His Kindness and Care, and showers (the hearts) with knowledge and understanding from Him and realities of faith that rectifiy their conditions and by which they remain upon the Straight Path; and what‘s more special is that He grants those who love Him and turn to Him knowledge from Him, spiritual conditions, shining lights and true understanding. And likewise He opens for His slaves the doors of rizq (provision) and the paths of the means, and paves the way for provisions and the means to (these provisions) for the muttaqoon (those who fear Him) from where they can‘t imagine, and gives the mutawakkiloon (those who put their trust in Him) beyond what they ask and hope for, and makes easy for them affairs that are difficult, and opens for them doors that are closed.
 
Benefits we can learn from this Name
1. Have muhabba and honour for Allah. He is the One that opens up for us doors of rahma, provisions, help and He opens up for us doors that are closed. We love Him a love that is sincere.
2. Fear Allah. We fear the day He will judge between us and those we have wronged, taken a right from, transgressed or oppressed anybody.
3. We know that victory lies in the hands of Allah, He opens the door to victory whenever He wills. Victory will come, the door of victory is there, its just a matter of when that door will open.
4. Trust in the judge . Life is full of arguments. Some people accuse others and claim to be right. Who is the judge? Who knows the reality of people? It is Al-Fattaah. Make the Quran and the Sunnah the judge of your actions, always. People may speak badly about you and accuse you falsely, but if you are on the right side, do not be afraid, because Allah is Al-Fattaah is the just Judge.
5. Realise Al-Fattaah can open all doors . Al-Fattaah says:
Whatever Allah grants to people of mercy – none can withhold it; and whatever He withholds, none can release it thereafter. And He is the Exalted in Might, the Wise. [al Faatir 35:2]. This ayah has a beautiful impact if you are a true believer; you realise that everything happening to you is under Al-Fattaah‘s divine control. Close doors for His sake— by leaving a bad habit, wrong friends, or a place of sinning– even if it causes you physical hardship— and He will open a door for you to good. Never despair nor give up. Realise that Al-Fattaah can always give you a way out. Know that all the relationships in your life are confined by your relationship with Allah Al-Fattaah.
6. Be sincere. The best opening of all is the opening of the heart. Al-Fattaah opens hearts which were locked, like the heart of Umar ibn al-Khattaab radiyallahu ‗anhu which was filled with hatred of the Muslims. Work hard and strive to be sincere so that Al-Fattaah opens to you the gate of knowledge, the gate of closeness to Him and the gate of contentment in this life.
7. Ask al-Fattaah. Whenever a gate is closed in your face, remember Al-Fattaah and ask Him to open it for you. This goes under all circumstances, whether serious or insignificant, ask Al-Fattaah for help and success. Start anything permissible in His Name, by saying bismillah. Also when you feel low, or you feel you lack understanding of the religion, ask Him to open your heart and the hearts of your loved ones. A supplication of pious people before us used to be:
May Allah open to you gates of good. 
 
Al Fattaah and other Names
Allah mentions His Name Al Fattaah with the Name Al Aleem. Allah says:
 
Say, “Our Lord will bring us together; then He will judge between us in truth. And He is the Knowing Judge.” [Saba 34:26]
The benefits we can learn from the coupling of these Names is that it shows that Allah being Al Aleem as well as Al Fattaah, He knows exactly when to open a door for someone. He also knows exactly what the situation is between two people, in which He will judge between on yawmal qiyyamah. He knows when to give nasr and fath.

An Explanation of Allahs Beautiful Names and Attributes part 18

45) Al Qaahir
This Name of Allah appears in the Qu’ran once. Allah says:
And He is the subjugator over His servants, and He sends over you guardian-angels until, when death comes to one of you, Our messengers take him, and they do not fail [in their duties]. [al An’aam 6:61]
 
46) Al Qahhaar 
This Name of Allah appears in the Qur’an 6 times. It comes with Al Wahid. For example Allah says:
O [my] two companions of prison, are separate lords better or Allah , the One, the Prevailing? [Yusuf 12:39]
And Allah says:
 
It will be] on the Day the earth will be replaced by another earth, and the heavens [as well], and all creatures will come out before Allah, the One, the Prevailing. [Ibraheem 14: 48]
Linguistic meaning:
Comes from the word Qahara. Overcome and take from above. Qahhaar – to overcome and be victorious, all the time. It is the exaggerated form of Qaahir. He is the one who overcomes and is always victorious. Al Qahhaar; the one who will always be victorious. Not a single moment passes except that Allah is victorious. At every single moment, He is overcoming the kuffar, and is victorious in all situations.
 
Shar’ee meaning:
Ibn Katheer says: the One who is always victorious and will overcome, He is the One all necks surrender to, and all tyrants humble themselves and all faces direct to Him. He is the one who has overcome everything. He is the One to whom the entire creation is indebted to, the One to whom every single thing in the heavens and the earth lower themselves and humbles themselves to, due to His loftiness and magnificence, and His greatness and highness. In between His hands lies the true power to diminish, destroy and to grant victory and every single thing is under His power, His wisdom, His knowledge and ability.
Ibn al Qayyim says: the greatness of Allah is something every sultan and every leader is trapped under. Allah ‗azza wa jall demonstrates that every single creature submits to Allah willingly or unwillingly and that is by the power and force of Al Qahhaar; this supreme power rests with Him only.The skies, the earth, the angels, and all the creatures obey Him. Al Qahhaar left us the choice: either we come to Him willingly or He‘ll make us come to Him by compulsion.
Allah says:
 
Then He directed Himself to the heaven while it was smoke and said to it and to the earth, “Come [into being], willingly or by compulsion.” They said, “We have come willingly.”
[al Fussilat 41:11]
One of the greatest examples is that the whole creation is subdued by death. Allah azza wa jall describes to us an amazing scene:
Allah says:
The Day they come forth nothing concerning them will be concealed from Allah. To whom belongs [all] sovereignty this Day? To Allah, the One, the Prevailing. [al Ghaafir 40:16]
 
Benefits we can learn from these Names:
1. If a person wants to truly seek victory, then know that victory is with Allah so seek victory in the one who has described Himself as victorious. Allah specifies Oneness to His victory. We gain true tawakkul and trust in Allah as He is the One that helps His believers. The whole earth has surrendered to Allah. He is the One that ordains, decrees and does whatever He wants. To Him lies the keys to victory and the path to victory. “Indeed with hardship there is ease.” Ease from one who is Al Qaahir wal Qahhaar. Allah would not give His awliya defeat after defeat. Al Qahhaar will give victory; it‘s just a matter of when.
2. Fear Allah. Allah talks about destroying nations, punishing people and how there‘s no doubt of Yawmal Qiyamah then concludes by saying Al Qaahir, the One who subjugates, defeats, diminishes, destroys, perfect in all of these, what has He prepared for the ones who sin in this dunya? How great and mighty is the ‘azhaab of Allah. The Name strikes fear within us. He describes Himself as fawqa ibaadi.-above the entire creation – the One who is victorious is above the creation. Victory is not with us, true victory is in Jannah. And the true victory is seeing Allah.
3. Submit. Surrender. What does Islam mean? It means you submit and you surrender
to the Lord of the Worlds.
When his Lord said to him, Submit, he [Ibraheem] said, I have submitted [in Islam] to The Lord of the worlds. [al Baqarah 2:131]
Surrender your heart, your limbs, your actions, your speech, your senses, your talents, and your skills all to Him by using them to do good deeds. Don‘t submit to your own desires and whims; submit to Al Qahhaar willingly. Know that submission is not a sort of humiliation but rather an apprehension and a beautiful glorification.
4. Ponder how Al-Qahhaar expresses His will. The sea or the wind can be at times deadly and at other times beautiful and calm. Look at how Al Qahhaar commanded nature to change at His will: the fire that didn‘t burn Ibrahim alayhi sallam, the knife that didn‘t slaughter Ismaeel alayhi sallam, the whale that swallowed Yunus ‗alayhi sallam but didn‘t digest him. Teach your children the stories of the Qur‘an and ponder the effect of His will all around you, like gravity, water, and fire.
5. Be kind to the weak. Be compassionate and kind to the weak, especially to the orphans and the poor.
Then, as for the orphan, then do not opress (him), and as for the beggar, then do not scold (taqhar). [ad duha, 93:9-10] Imagine facing The Subduer, The Ever-Dominating, on the Day of Judgement, where people are either oppressors or oppressed. Who will be more fearful?
6. Be good to people at all times. Remember the overpowering attribute of Allah ‗azza wa jall and be motivated to treat people well. Umar ibn al-Khattaab radiyallahu anhu asked his son to put his face in the dust as he was dying so that Al Qahhaar would have mercy upon him. Umar Ibn al-Azeez ordered his servant to remind him of Al Qahhaar in case he saw him oppressing anyone. Remind yourself of Al Qahhaar to be good, just, and fair to others at all times.
7. Abandon your sins. The Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam said:
Two eyes will not be touched by Hellfire: An eye that cries from the fear of Allah, and an eye that spent the night in a guard post in the path of Allah (Jihad) [At-Tirmidhi]
Al Qahhaar compels your tongue at the time of your death and you might be unable to say la ilaaha illAllah because of your bad deeds. Have you noticed what a simple phrase la ilaaha illAllah is and that you can say it without even moving your lips? Still it is the will of Al Qahhaar that will enable you or not enable you to say it. So abandon your sins and remember the power of Al Qahhaar to subdue your limbs.
8. Ask Al Qahhaar. The Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam would say when he turned during sleep at night:
None has the right to be worshipped except Allaah, The One, Al-Qahhaar. Lord of the heavens and the Earth and all between them, The Exalted in Might, The Of-Forgiving [Al-Bukari, Muslim] Revive this sunnah in your life. Al
 
Qaahir and other Names
· Allah Mentions Al Qaahir with Name Al Wahid. Reason being is that Allah is telling us that He is the only One that grants victory. There can only be one creator, one Ilah.
· Allah mentions Hakeem and Khabeer with the Name Qaahir. Hakeem means possessor of wisdom, Khabeer means specialist. The Benefit of mentioning these Names with Qaahir is as Ibn Qayyim says: Allah being Hakeem, He only does actions by wisdom. He placed wisdom in every single action and statement. And Him being Khabeer, He is aware of all the inner details. And Him being Qaahir, He will grant victory. He grants victory to hearts and souls as well as to lands.
Al Qaadir, Al Qadeer wal Muqtadir 
These Names are to do with the power of Allah in doing everything He wants to.
 
47) Al Qaadir 
 
This Name of Allah is mentioned in the Qur’an 12 times. For example Allah says:
Say; He is the (one) Able to send upon you affliction from above you or from beneath your feet or to confuse you [so you become] sects and make you taste the violence of one another.” Look how We diversify the signs that they might understand. [al An’aam 6:65]
Allah also says:
 
And indeed, We are able to show you what We have promised them. [al Muminoon 23:95]
48) Al Qadeer
This Name of Allah is mentioned in the Qu’ran 45 times. For example Allah says:
 
For each [religious following] is a direction toward which it faces. So race to [all that is] good. Wherever you may be, Allah will bring you forth [for judgement] all together. Indeed, Allah is over all things competent. [al Baqarah 2:148]
Allah also says:
 
If [instead] you show [some] good or conceal it or pardon an offence – indeed, Allah is ever Pardoning and Competent. [an Nisaa 4:149] Wherever you are, the decree of Allah will come to you. No one will be able to escape the decree of Allah. Al ‗Afuww is the One who erases sins and increases good deeds by changing ones sins into hasanat. Qadeer is the exaggerated form of Qaadir.
 
Lingustic meaning:
to have the power to accomplish, to be capable, decree, ordain, prevail.
 
Shar’ee meaning:
One with complete power, the One who decrees.
 
Al Qadeer and other Names
 
The Name Al Qadeer has been mentioned with Al Aleem and Al Afuw. Why afuwwan qadeera? Qadeer means ability and decree. Al Afuw is the One who erases sins and changes/increase the good deeds. The Du’a of gaining Allah’s afuw, is made on laylatul qadr. Reason behind coupling these Names is because when Allah erases a person’s sins, He has the ability to erase it completely, so the qadar of having committed the sin won’t even be shown on the person’s scroll on on yawmal qiyyamah, Allah has changed the past and future. So it is as if the slave hadn’t even committed that sin. And Allah will write them as hasanat. Therefore it had been decreed to erase the sins and increase the good deeds. So have Husn al dhann of Allah! He is Al Qadeer so He has the ability to completely efface your sins, so that it is as they were never committed. Al Ghafoor Al Raheem has been mentioned with Al Qadeer in Surah Mumtahinah and it has the same meaning as afuwan qadeer. Allah being Al Ghafoor is the One that conceals and covers a person’s sins and He has the qudra to do that.
49) Al Muqtadir
 
This Name of Allah is mentioned in the Qur’an 4 times. For example Allah says:
 
Or whether [or not] We show you that which We have promised them, indeed, We are Perfect in Ability. [az Zukhruf 43:42]
Allah also says:
 
They denied Our signs, all of them, so We seized them with a seizure of one Exalted in Might and Perfect in Ability. [al Qamar 54:42]
 
Linguistic meaning:
comes from root verb qadara, ability/power to do something, or to decree something.
 
Shar’ee meaning:
The One who has the power and the ability to do whatever He decides. His Power enforces all decrees and His decree prevails in every situation Linguistically Qadeer, Qaadir, and Muqtadir are all derived from the root qadara and all of them demonstrate that power is established as an Attribute of Allah and that He has absolute Power. He is the One who is capable of doing everything, who has perfect power over the creation, who measures everything with perfection, and who is the One who decrees all that was, is, and will ever be. His ability combined with His infinite Knowledge makes Him Al Qadeer and Al Aleem.
 
The Decree of Allah is split into 4
1. Knowledge (ilm) – Al Qaadir, before He commanded the pen to write.
2. Writing (kataba)
3. Will (masheea)
4. Creating (khalq) – Al Qadeer when He does/creates the action, although He is still Qadeer before this.
Al Muqtadir is the process of doing all 4 steps of Qadar – it is more general.
Allah does whatever He wants. He guides whoever He wants and allows kufr to whoever He wants. Surah Rahman is called the Surah of Qudra.
 
Everything upon the earth will perish, And there will remain the face of your Lord Owner of Majesty and Honour. [ar Rahman 55:26-27]
 
Benefits we can learn from these Names
1. When Allah created the creation, unlike the qudra of mankind, Allah created and there was no sign of drowsiness or deficiency. He created it in six days, because He is Hakeem, most wise and because He wants to. He has the power to do everything. We know that Allah is the Lord of Rahma and Mercy because He commanded the pen to write My mercy prevails over my wrath. Kataba ala rahma. He has chosen from His creation to give, and He withholds what He wants. Therefore a believer should never be jealous about what they have not been given, and if someone else has it. Withholding certain things is a sign that Allah can do whatever He wants. Just because we do not have a certain blessing and someone else does, then know that Allah has decreed for that to be the case with wisdom, a wisdom which only Allah knows about. And this has been decreed as such, so that we can get closer to Allah in a way that the other person may not be able to. The believer never envies His brother, because he knows whatever has been given to his brother, was given by Allah. Al Qadeer has carefully decreed His decree.
So know that everything is predestined . Remind yourself in good and bad times of the following powerful hadith and let it increase you in tawakkul (reliance) upon Al Qadeer at all times. The Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam said:
….Know that even if the Nation (or the whole community) were to gather together to benefit you with something, they would not benefit you with anything except that which Allah has already recorded for you, and that if they gather together to harm you with something, they would not be able to harm you with anything except that which Allah has already recorded against you. The pens have been lifted and the pages have dried. [At Tirmidhi] Cure your heart from rancour and envy by believing that all affairs are by the decree of Al Qadeer.
 
2. Be content. Follow the pious predecessors by striving to be content with the decree of Al Qadeer. This means that you realise that everything that happens to you is pre-destined but also that you try to not feel any bitterness when you are tested. Rida (contentment) is the praiseworthy station of not only recognising, but also being pleased with the decree of Allah. Don‘t ever let your love for Al Qadeer decrease when something doesn‘t go your way.
Contentment is the greatest door that one enters to Allah, It is the source of tranquillity for the worshipper and paradise on earth. Whoever does not enter it will not enter the Paradise in the Hereafter [Ibn Taymiyyah]
3. Pray istakhaarah. Whenever you have a decision to make, no matter how big or small, consult Al Qadeer and ask Him to choose what is best for you and your deen, in this life and in the Hereafter, by praying the sunnah istakhaarah prayer.
4. Say alhamdulillah. It‘s easy to say alhamduilliah when good happens to you, but we should also praise Al Qadeer when we go through hardship. Next time you are tested, say alhamdulillah from your heart and mean it, and inspire others to do so. Alhamdulillah alaa kulli haal – all praise belongs to Allah in any case or siltation, no matter what He decrees.
 
5. Express your need to Al Qadeer. By nature we love those who are competent. For example, when you are weak you desire the protection of someone who is strong. Know that Al Qadeer can make everything happen by His Power, so ask Him. Seek refuge in Him for protection, ask Him to cure your heart, and know that there is no limit to His power. Only Al Qadeer is able and fully capable to give you a way out of every difficulty. The Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam said: If anyone constantly seeks pardon (from Allah), Allah will appoint for him a way out of every distress and a relief from every anxiety, and will provide sustenance for him from where he expects not. [Abu Dawud]. So increase your istighfaar (seeking forgiveness) by saying astaghfirullah.
6. Never think you can depend on your own powers. Your tawfeeq (ability) is from Al-Muqtadir only, your success is not because of yourself but because He enabled you to accomplish matters. When you show your need for Him, Al-Muqtadir will support you but when you think you can depend on your own power for even the blink of an eye, He will abandon you.
And let not those who disbelieve think that they can escape. (the punishment). Indeed they will not cause failure to Allah. [al Anfaal 8:59] We often take this ayah as not for us as we are not disbelievers, but how often do we fall into the trap of thinking that our children are good, because we raised them well‘ or ‗I have this job, because I am clever.‘ Always humble yourself by thinking: all I have is from Allah Al-Muqtadir.
7. Practise your belief. It is easy to say, Allah is capable to do all things, but do you really live by this?
And when the two companies saw one another The companions of Musa said: Indeed We are to be overtaken! [Musa] said: No! Indeed with me is My Lord; He will guide me. [ash Shu’araa 26:61-62]
Musa alayhi salaam was alone facing many enemies, but his belief in the determining power of Al-Muqtadir was unshakable, let this be your example when you feel overpowered or hopeless and tell yourself: Allah is really able to do all things and He will guide me through this.
8. Be grateful for the hidden blessings. Al-Muqtadir forces each and everything in this world to happen according to His infinite wisdom. There is a reason behind everything and only as a believer can you benefit from each situation in your life, good or bad.
Do you not see that Allah has made subject to you whatever is in the heavens and whatever is in the earth and amply bestowed upon you His favors, [both] apparent and unapparent? But of the people is he who disputes about Allah without knowledge or guidance or an enlightening Book [from Him]. [Luqman 31:20]
Thank Al-Muqtadir each day for His hidden blessings.
50) Al Hafidh 51) Al Hafeedh
The Name Al Hafeedh has been mentioned in the Qur’an 3 times. Allah says:
Indeed we have send down the Qur’an and we will be its guardian. [al Hijr 15:9]
Allah also says:
 
But if they turn away, [say], “I have already conveyed that with which I was sent to you. My Lord will give succession to a people other than you, and you will not harm Him at all. And you will not harm Him at all. Indeed my Lord is, over all things, Guardian. [Hud 11:57]
And Allah says:
 
And he [Iblees] had over them no authority except [if it was decreed] that We might make evident who believes in the Hereafter from who is thereof in doubt. And your Lord, over all things, is Guardian. [Saba 34:21]
 
Linguistic meaning :
memorised accurately, to guard, to protect,
 
Shar’ee meaning:
Hafidh – memorised, impossible for Him to ever forget and make error in memorisation. Al Hafeedh is the Ultimate preserver, Guardian and Protector of the whole creation.
Al Hafeedh protects and guards at all cost, not letting anyone damage, hurt or upset in anyway. Allah has also guarded and protected the Qur’an.He has preserved the true tafsir, and all the qira’aat and ahruf (different ways of reciting the Qur’an). Allah preserved and protected and saved everything by the writing of lawhal mahfoodh and by writing of the angels on our shoulders, and the earth also is a witness to what happens on it.
Allah azza wajall negated forgetfulness for Himself; He will protect and guard knowledge and never forget it. Musa ‗alayhi sallam testified to this fact, saying:
[Musa] Said, The knowledge thereof is with my Lord, in a Record. My Lord neither errs nor forgets. [Taha 20:52]
We should know that haafidh is made of three aspects; first knowledge (ilm), then preservation (hifdh) and then recompense (hisaab). For example, removing a small piece of dirt from the floor so it wouldn‘t make someone slip – even though no one saw it, you need to be sure that Allah knows about it, then you should be sure He will preserve it (hifdh) and finally you should be certain that Al-Hafeedh will recompense you for it. This goes for anything anyone does for Allah‘s Sake. Therefore there‘s a relation between the beautiful Names Al-‗Aleem (the All-Knowing), Al-Hafeedh (The All-Preserving) and Ash-Shakoor (The Appreciative). Allah grants hifdh/protection to the creation in 2 ways 1) General protection to all the creation, kuffar or muslims, e.g. preventing the sky falling upon them or preventing the sun from burning them etc. He has given the whole of the creation ability to sense evil as the whole creation is created upon fitrah – until it is completely corrupted. Every person has an opportunity for hidayah. 2) Specific protection for His awliya – for those whom He loves, and takes as friends – He becomes their Wali and Mawla. If Allah can protect something so spectacular like the Qur’an, so accurately and precisely so much so that in all these years not a single dot has been changed from the Qu’ran, then imagine how He can protect His slaves.
Be mindful of Allah, and Allah will protect you.
 
Abu al-Abbas Abdullah bin Abbas, radiyallahu anhuma, reported: One day I was behind the Prophet, sallallahu ‗alayhi wasallam, and he said to me: “O young man, I shall teach you some words [of advice] : Be mindful of Allah, and Allah will protect you (in other translations it says ―Safeguard Allah ad He will safeguard you‖) Be mindful of Allah, and you will find Him in front of you. If you (have need to) ask, ask of Allah; and if you seek help, seek help from Allah. Know that even if the Nation (or the whole community) were to gather together to benefit you with something, they would not benefit you with anything except that which Allah has already recorded for you, and that if they gather together to harm you with something, they would not be able to harm you with anything except that which Allah has already recorded against you. The pens have been lifted and the pages have dried.” [Al-Tirmidhi relates this and says: It is a good, genuine Hadith ibn Rajab al Hanbali wrote a treatise explaining this hadith entitiled ―Legacy of the Prophet.] In a version other than that of al-Tirmidhi it reads: “..Be mindful of Allah, you will find Him before you. Get to know Allah in prosperity and He will know you in adversity. Know that what has passed you by was not going to befall you; and that what has befallen you was not going to pass you by. And know that victory comes with patience, relief with affliction, and ease with hardship.”
―Be mindful of Allah, and He will protect you This phrase, Be mindful of Allah, means to be mindful of His set limits and legislation by complying with His commands and abstaining from His prohibitions. Be mindful of Allah concerning your religion, family, wealth, and yourself since Allah will recompense the good doers in accordance to their perfection in worship. We learn from this that whoever is not mindful of Allah, then he does not deserve Allah – The Mighty, The Majestic – protecting him, and within this is an encouragement of being mindful of the set limits of Allah, The Mighty, The Majestic.
Benefits we can learn from these Names
1. Fear Al-Hafeedh. Depending on whether your deed was good or bad al-Hafeedh will reward you or punish you, so this Name gives you both hope (rajaa) and fear (al-khawf or khashiyah).Know that Allah is our supervisor, someone looking over us all our life. One who doesn’t forget anything, protects and preserves everything. When the believer knows Allah is always looking over us, it grants the fruit of tawakkul and the fruit of khawf in the heart. Allah has this knowledge preserved whereas maybe we forgot or saw it as insignificant.
2. Be motivated by Al-Hafeedh. Al-Hafeedh is heedful of everything you do by His knowledge, He orders His angels to record everything you do. Even the smallest deeds, like coming to an Islamic lecture, sitting nicely, and making notes— Al-Hafeedh will preserve and appreciate it. When you know this you will really be a slave of Allah ‗azza wa jall and not of people.
3. Remember people. One of the sifaat ul mu‘mineen – Attributes of the believers— is being mindful and attentive to others. The best example of this quality of remembering is the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, who never forgot Khadeejah radiyallaahu ‗anha even years after her death. He would frequently remember her and talk about her.
4. Memorise the Quran. Work hard to be of those who preserve His Book, the Quran, by memorising it. When memorizing His Book call upon Al-Hafeedh and ask Him to preserve and keep it in your mind.
 
5. Strive for the special protection of Al-Hafeedh. Abu Tayyib At-Tabaree, an early scholar, was about hundred years old and he was physically strong like the young man. Once after an exhausting journey, Abu Tayyib At-Tabaree jumped off the boat on the land. People were amazed. He said: When I was a young man, I preserved these bodily limbs from the disobedience of Allah and Allah preserved them for me in my old age. [Ibn Rajab] To receive the special protection of Al-Hafeedh in your religion and your worldly affairs, the Prophet said: Guard Allah (His commands) and He will guard and protect you. [Ahmad, At-Tirmidhi]
6. Be thankful to Al-Hafeedh. Al-Hafeedh preserves your body in an amazing way; only imagine if your blood would freely flow into your brain. Be thankful to Al-Hafeedh for the way He preserves you and protects you in ways you don‘t even realise. Look around you and be amazed by the way Al-Hafeedh is able to preserve even the biggest creations. It is He Who preserved the sky from falling on us. Allah is Al-Hafeedh and He guides humans for a means to even preserve food, health, and wealth.
7. Repent to Al-Hafeedh. This Name should shake you even more than the Name Al-‗Aleem, because Al-Hafeedh not only implies that He knows everything, He even remembers the smallest things. You need the forgiveness of Al-Hafeedh, so another important impact of this Name is that it will make you not delay but hasten to repent.
52) Al Waliy
This Name of Allah has been mentioned in the Qur’an 15 times. For example Allah says:
 
Allah is the ally of those who believe. He brings them out from darknesses into the light. And those who disbelieve – their allies are Taghut. They take them out of the light into darknesses. Those are the companions of the Fire; they will abide eternally therein. [al Baqarah 2:257]
Allah also says:
 
Indeed, the most worthy of Abraham among the people are those who followed him [in submission to Allah ] and this prophet, and those who believe [in his message]. And Allah is the ally of the believers. [ale Imran 3:68]
And Allah also says:
 
Or have they taken protectors [or allies] besides him? But Allah – He is the Protector, and He gives life to the dead, and He is over all things competent. [ash Shuraa 42:9]
Linguistic meaning: 
Linguistically waliy (plural awliya) comes from the root word of wilaya, which is the opposite of enmity (adawaa). To be a friend and supporter. To defend and guard in a loving way, to turn towards something. To be master and lord of.
 
Shar’ee meaning: 
He is the One who lovingly guards and guides His creation. Al-Waliy is the lord and protector of creation, showing the path to righteousness. He is the One who protects, guards, and supports the believer in this world and the next.
Al-Waliy combines the near, loving, protective, and guarding Attributes of the One who is also the lord and master of the universe.
Al-Waliy has awliyaa among the people and Shaytan also has his allies. Allah says regarding His awliyaa:
 
Indeed there is no fear upon the awliyaa of Allah, nor shall they grieve; those who believe and used to fear Allah much. For them are glad tidings in this life and the Hereafter. [Yunus 10:62]
The allies of Allah azza wa jall will have no fear nor sadness in this world or the next. And Al-Waliy will bring light into their lives. And the allies of Allah will have victory: Allah says in a hadith Qudsi: Whoever takes a Wali of Mine as an enemy, I will wage war on him . [Al-Bukhari] Al-Waliy also mentions the allies of Shaytan and the consequences of their deeds:
Allah is the ally of those who believe. He brings them out from darknesses into the light. And those who disbelieve – their allies are Taghut. They take them out of the light into darknesses. Those are the companions of the Fire; they will abide eternally therein. [al Baqarah 2:257]
Allah is Al Waliy – Allah is the friend, the helper, the one who is close to the believers. Allah wants to be a waliy, He is asking you to be your friend, asking you to be His Habib, to take you out of darkness into light. Allah is the helper of the saliheen and is extremely close to them, in friendship, aid, and everything they want. Allah also grants miracles to His awliya as seen for example in the story of Uwais al Qarni – his du’as were never rejected. And also with Abu Alaa Al Hadrami who had the miracle of walking on water. Abu Muslim Al kawlani was given the miracle of not being burned when thrown into fire. All of them were men of the Ummah of Rasoolullah sallalahu alayhi wassalam. There was also the following miracle with Umar ibn al Khattab. Naafi‘ said that Umar sent out a military detachment and he appointed a man called Saariyah in charge of them. Whilst ‗Umar was delivering the khutbah one Friday, he said, O Saariyah, the mountain! O Saariyah, the mountain! And they found out that Saariyah had moved towards the mountain at that moment on the Friday even though there was the distance of a month‘s journey between them.[Narrated by Ahmad classed as saheeh by al-Albaani]
No doubt! Verily, the Awliyaa‘ of Allaah, no fear shall come upon them nor shall they grieve. Allah is closest to His pious and righteous slaves.
 
Benefits we can learn from this Name
1. Strive to be Allah‘s wali. Al-Waliy says in a hadith qudsi:
Whosoever shows enmity to someone devoted to Me, I shall be at war with him. My servant draws not near to Me with anything more loved by Me than the religious duties I have enjoined upon him, and My servant continues to draw near to Me with supererogatory works so that I shall love him. When I love him I am his hearing with which he hears, his seeing with which he sees, his hand with which he strikes and his foot with which he walks. Were he to ask [something] of Me, I would surely give it to him, and were he to ask Me for refuge, I would surely grant him it. I do not hesitate about anything as much as I hesitate about [seizing] the soul of My faithful servant: he hates death and I hate hurting him.” [Al-Bukhari].
Don‘t think only scholars can be awliyaa; know that you too can be a wali of Allah azza wa jall! How? By focusing on your obligatory acts of worship first, e.g. give priority to your prayer, like studying ways of how to concentrate better, pray on time, etc. Then complement them by doing as many voluntary deeds as you can, studying the sunnah so you can apply the daily ways of the prophet salallahu ‗alayhi wa sallam to your life. The result is, Al-Waliy will love you, and when He loves you He will guide you in using your limbs righteously. He will grant your wishes and protect you. If Allah takes someone as a friend, then no one else is needed. The entire world and everything it contains becomes nothing. Hearts will have some kind of peace and tranquillity, contentment. Feeling content worshipping Lord who is al Haqq. Eemaan is higher and the heart is cleaner and will have more tranquillity. So do any good deed with the intention of becoming a wali of Allah, no matter how small it is.
2. Strive for taqwa. If you want to be a wali of Allah, build a relationship with the Qur’an and ask Al-Waliy to give you understanding of its ayaat so you will be inspired to live by them Al-Waliy describes the risk of turning away from the Qur’an:
And whoever is blinded from the reminder of the Most Merciful, we appoint for him a devil, and he is to him a companion. [az Zukhruf 43:36] Another great motivator to increase your taqwa is daily remembering and visualising Paradise. Study the Names and Attributes of Allah azza wa jall to increase your fear and love for Him and pray to be included as one of His awliyaa.
3. Be a righteous friend. Be a loving friend to others, protecting their rights. The prophet salallahu ‗alayhi wa sallam said:
Allah will aid a servant (of His) so long as the servant aids his brother. [Muslim] Take any responsibility you have seriously in representing someone or supporting someone with their affairs.
4. Trust that Allah is the best ally. Remind yourself that Al-Waliy is the best ally to turn to at all times and put your trust in Him.
When two parties from among you were about to lose courage, but Allah was their Waliy. And upon Allah the believers should rely [ale Imran 3:122].
Take comfort in the fact that He knows your enemies and He is your best Helper:
Allah is most Knowing of your enemies, and Allah is Sufficient as a Waliy; and Allah is sufficient as a Helper [an Nisaa 4:45]
5. Ask Al-Waliy. You will always be in need of the support and protection of Al-Waliy so ask Him to protect and assist you in this life, at the time of death, in the grave, and on the Day of Reckoning.

An Explanation of Allahs Beautiful Names and Attributes part 17

42) Al Khabeer
This Name of Allah appears in Qur’an 6 times. For example Allah says:
Vision perceives Him not, but He perceives [all] vision; and He is the Subtle, the Acquainted. [al An’aam 6:103]
 
Linguistic meaning:
 
Khabeer comes from the root khabara which points to two main meanings. The first main meaning is to know, to be aware, and to understand the reality or inner nature of something. The second main meaning is to test, prove, and try by experience which results in inner knowledge.
 
Shar’ee meaning:
He is the sublime al-Khabeer, meaning the one who has encompassed the innermost, and the hidden realities of things, and the outward realities of things [All] praise is [due] to Allah , to whom belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is in the earth, and to Him belongs [all] praise in the Hereafter. And He is the Wise, the Acquainted. [Saba 34:1]
Allah is the One whose knowledge encompasses all that is outward and hidden. He knows all things that occur, that have occurred, and that will occur of the affairs of the whole creation. There is nothing that is hidden from Him. Allah azza wa jall paired His attribute of being khabeer with His attribute of all-encompassing knowledge. Allah says:
Indeed, Allah [alone] has knowledge of the Hour and sends down the rain and knows what is in the wombs. And no soul perceives what it will earn tomorrow, and no soul perceives in what land it will die. Indeed, Allah is Knowing and Acquainted. [al Luqman 31:34]
It is Allah who has knowledge of both the seen and unseen and it is He who can perceive our inner nature and intentions.
O Mankind! We have created you from a male and a female and made you into nations and tribes that you may know each other. Verily, the most honourable of you in the Sight of Allah is the most God-Fearing of you. Indeed Allah is the All-Knower, the All-Aware. [al Hujuraat 49:13]
In the Qur’an, Allah‘s being Khabeer is most often combined with His attribute of wisdom (Al Hakeem), of seeing (Al Baseer), and subtleness (Al Lateef). The One who is Most Wise and who is all Seeing knows all the intimate details and realities of everything that happens.
 
Benefits we can learn from this Name
1. Be comforted by Al Khabeer. Allah Al Khabeer is the only one who is aware of all you do, say, hide, and want. Let this amazing fact comfort you in times of hardship, and in times of ease remind yourself to not get too attached to this world and its material benefits. Allah beautifully says:
Does He who created not know, while He is the Subtle, the Acquainted? [al Mulk 67:14]
2. Know that Al Khabeer will inform you. Not only is Allah acquainted with all your deeds, on the Day of Judgement He will inform you about all you used to do. Remember this each day and let it motivate you to do good deeds. When you slip, ask Him for forgiveness in this life so you will be saved from His punishment in the
next.
 
He causes the night to enter the day, and He causes the day to enter the night and has subjected the sun and the moon – each running [its course] for a specified term. That is Allah, your Lord; to Him belongs sovereignty. And those whom you invoke other than Him do not possess [as much as] the membrane of a date seed
If you invoke them, they do not hear your supplication; and if they heard, they would not respond to you. And on the Day of Resurrection they will deny your association. And none can inform you like [one] Acquainted [with all matters]. [al Faatir 35:13-14]
3. Make sure to do hidden good deeds. Al-Khabeer says:
If you disclose your charitable expenditures, they are good; but if you conceal them and give them to the poor, it is better for you, and He will remove from you some of your misdeeds [thereby]. And Allah, with what you do, is [fully] Acquainted. [al Baqarah 2:271]
Be motivated to do good deeds not for the eye of the people but for Allah Al Khabeer. This means you will thoroughly enjoy those good deeds you can hide as you know you do them for Al Khabeer and the fact that only He knows about them will make you feel close to Him.
4. Adhere to the laws of Al Khabeer. In the Qur’an Allah azza wa jall mentions His attribute of being acquainted with all you do often after He has mentioned one of His laws. Follow the rules and laws Al Khabeer laid out for you in the Qur’an and through the Sunnah to your best ability.
43) Al Qawiyy
This Name of Allah is mentioned in the Qur’an 9 times and the majority of the time it comes with the Name Al Azeez. For example Allah says:
We have already sent Our messengers with clear evidences and sent down with them the Scripture and the balance that the people may maintain [their affairs] in justice. And We sent down iron, wherein is great military might and benefits for the people, and so that Allah may make evident those who support Him and His messengers unseen. Indeed, Allah is Powerful and Exalted in Might. [al Hadeed 57:25]
 
Lingustic meaning:
Strength – opposite of weak. Someone described with the ability to be able to do things. To prevail.
 
Shar’ee meaning:
Al Qawiyy is the Ultimate in Strength; His Attribute of strength never decreases and never has to be followed by a period of rest. The perfect strength of Al Qawiyy is irresistible, and nothing and no one in the heavens and the earth can help but submit to it. Allah can never ever be defeated. He will always be supreme, mighty and powerful. He possesses all forms of Quwwa and His Quwwa never ends. The difference between Qudra (ability) and Quwwa (strength) is that a person that has strength to do something may not have the ability to carry it out but Allah has both Quwwa and Qudra.
 
Benefits we can learn from this Name
1. Remember that Allah is severe in punishment. Every form of punishment has power, strength. We should not think that Allah cannot carry out a punishment.
2. Quwwa of Allah is so great, comes in all forms. Allah shakes the earth from His Quwwa, the earth becomes a Jund (soldier) of Allah. The wind, the rain etc. All creation of Allah is Quwwa of Allah. Destruction of past nations showed His Quwwa. Al Qawee, Al Azeez, Al Shadeedul Iqab, He has the ability to do whatever He
wants. Allah says:
 
As for ‘Aad, they were arrogant upon the earth without right and said, “Who is greater than us in strength?” Did they not consider that Allah who created them was greater than them in strength? But they were rejecting Our signs. [Fussilat 41:15]
3. Be a strong believer. Just as Allah is The All Knowing and loves to see you knowledgeable, and just as and He is The Just and loves to see you being just, Allah azza wajal loves to see the quality of quwwa in you as a believer. The Prophet salallahu alayhi wasallam said:
A strong believer is better and more beloved to Allah than a weak believer, though both are good. Hasten to what benefits you, seeking Allah‘s help, and do not feel defeated. If some misfortune befalls you, do not say: If only I had done such-and-such… but say: It is what Allah decreed, and He does as He wills. The words If only… open the doors for Satan‘s machinations. [Muslim] Have quwwa in your faith, in your determination to enjoin good and forbid evil, in your war against shaytan, in your character and in your will to seek knowledge.
4. Strive for justice and rest assured against the unjust. Al Qawiyy detests strength based on tyranny and injustice. The Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam said:
No nation is blessed unless its weakest members can demand their rights without hesitation. [Sunan Ibn Maajah].
Rest assured in the promise of Al-Qawiyy to those who support His cause:
 
[They are] those who have been evicted from their homes without right – only because they say, “Our Lord is Allah.” And were it not that Allah checks the people, some by means of others, there would have been demolished monasteries, churches, synagogues, and mosques in which the Name of Allah is much mentioned. And Allah will surely support those who support Him. Indeed, Allah is Powerful and Exalted in Might. [al Hajj, 22: 40]
5. Fear Al Qawiyy. Al Qawiyy gave one angel the strength to overturn a whole city or uproot a mountain, and this angel and all others, despite their enormous strength, tremble out of awe and fear of His greatness. So what about us which powers do we have? Fear Al Qawiyy and recall His strength to motivate yourself when you‘re about to do something wrong.
6. Reflect on the creation of Al Qawiyy. Look at the strength of the heat of the sun: in hours it can melt huge ice surfaces which could not be demolished by mankind‘s strongest machines. Reflect on the power of the wind, which can lift up whole villages and blow them in the air like a feather. Contemplate the might of the oceans, swallowing complete countries. Reflecting on creation will help you understand the greatness and mind-blowing strength of the Creator. Contemplate the signs of Al Qawiyy and act upon them by obeying His commands and staying away from His prohibitions.
7. Take comfort in Al Qawiyy. Despite His enormous might and strength, Allah azza wajal is extremely gentle and subtle with His servants.
 
Allah is Subtle with His servants; He gives provisions to whom He wills. And He is the Powerful, the Exalted in Might. [ash Shuraa 42:19].
Take comfort in Him, your protector, your perfect beloved, in times when you feel weak and overcome by worries and difficulties.
 
Al Qawiyy and other Names 
Al Jabbaar, Al Qahhaar, Al Azeez, and Al Qawiyy are all Names of power, strength, and dominance. Allah‘s Name Al Qawiyy is most often paired with His beautiful Name Al Azeez, The All-Mighty. Strength is not suited except to those who are honourable; Al Qawiyy uses His Strength in the most honourable ways to show His perfect might. This combination is used in the context of Allah azza wajal using His strength to support the believers against the tyrants and unjust, while using His might to punish them.
44) Al Mateen
This Name of Allah is mentioned in the Qur’an once. Allah says:
Indeed, it is Allah who is the [continual] Provider, the firm possessor of strength.
[adh Dhariyaat 51:58]
Al Mateen is similar to Al Qawiyy.
 
Linguistic meaning:
shadeed in power, so great, strong and stable. Exaggerated form of quwwa, severely powerful and strong, so much so that it cannot be comprehended.
 
Share’ee meaning:
Allah is severely powerful and possesses inexhaustible strength and He is able to do whatever He wants to do, and His power will never be cut from Him. Al Qawiyy is the One who possesses the attribute of inexhaustible strength, whereas Al Mateen is the One whose nature it is to be firm, steadfast, and determined. He is the One who can easily overcome anything through supreme firmness and strength of determination.
 
Benefits that we can learn from this Name
Same as Al Qawiyy and Al ‗Azeez.
1. Be firm in following the right path. Let the attribute of firmness inspire you to stick to your Deen at all times and be determined to follow the straight path with understanding. The means to staying firm on Islam are: to hold on tight to the Qur’an and strive to understand what you read so you can apply the orders and prohibitions and motivations in your daily life, and; to do as many good deeds as you can; to study the lives of the prophets, peace be upon them, follow their examples, and think about the delights of Paradise, the torture of Hellfire and the agony of death. Al-Mateen says:
Allah keeps firm those who believe, with the firm word that in the worldly life and in the Hereafter. And Allah sends astray the wrongdoers, and Allah does what He wills. [Ibraheem 14:27]
2. Call others to Al Mateen. The soul that is not active will stagnate. Giving da‘wah can save you from punishment and cause Al Mateen to make you stand firm yourself.
So to that [religion of Allah] invite, [O Muhammad], and remain on a right course as you are commanded and do not follow their inclinations but say, “I have believed in what Allah has revealed of the Qur’an, and I have been commanded to do justice among you. Allah is our Lord and your Lord. For us are our deeds, and for you your deeds. There is no [need for] argument between us and you. Allah will bring us together, and to Him is the [final] destination.” [ash Shuraa 42:15]
3. Study the seerah for strength. To strengthen your Islamic identity, follow your roots: study the seerah. The Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam said:
Among the people who came before you, there was a man who was taken and put into a hole dug for him in the earth, then a saw was put on his head and he was cut into two pieces, and an iron comb was used to tear the flesh from his bones, but this still did not turn him away from his religion. [Al-Bukhari]
4. Be confident in the plan of Al Mateen. Allah‘s plan is mateen – know that nothing or no one can defeat His plan. Even though people might plot against you, the reality is Al Mateen will support the believers as long as they are sincere and the ultimate victory will be theirs. So trust in Al Mateen and strive for sincerity in each deed you do. Al Mateen says:
And their words were not but that they said, “Our Lord, forgive us our sins and the excess [committed] in our affairs and plant firmly our feet and give us victory over the disbelieving people.”
So Allah gave them the reward of this world and the good reward of the Hereafter. And Allah loves the doers of good. [ale Imran 3:147-148]
5. Keep close to firm people. Surround yourself with people who are firm upon Islam, seek their advice and be someone who inspires others to stay firm too.
6. Ask Al Mateen. Being able to be steadfast in good and bad times should be one of your daily adiyah (plural of dua) The Prophet salallahu ‗alayhi wa sallam said about your heart:
It changes more than a pot of rapidly boiling water. [Ahmad, al-Hakim] Memorise this dua the Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam made and ask Al Mateen from the bottom of your heart:
Oh Turner of hearts, make my heart firm upon Your religion. Be determined to get into Paradise and keep reminding yourself this world is only temporary.
 
Al Mateen and other Names
 
Ar Razzaq, Al Qawiyy and Al Mateen are mentioned together. Allah is shadeed in Mateen, and so from His rizq He can give you anything. He is severe in His strength and excessive. It highlights the power of Allah, and His ownership of kingdom.

An Explanation of Allahs Beautiful Names and Attributes part 16

39) Al Lateef 
This Name of Allah is mentioned in the Qur’an 7 times. Most often it is mentioned with the Name Al-Khabeer which is similar to Al-Aleem. For example Allah says:
 
Vision perceives Him not, but He perceives [all] vision; and He is the Subtle, the Acquainted. [al An’aam 6:103]
Allah also says:
[And Luqman said],
“O my son, indeed if wrong should be the weight of a mustard seed and should be within a rock or [anywhere] in the heavens or in the earth, Allah will bring it forth. Indeed, Allah is Subtle and Acquainted. [Luqman 31:16]
And Allah says
Does He who created not know, while He is the Subtle, the Acquainted? [al Mulk 67:14]
 
Linguistic Meanings:
1) Kind, gentle. To be kind and affectionate without one knowing that you are being so.
2) Something so small and hidden that it cannot be seen
3) To cover/hide and make sure that it cannot be found.
4) Diminish, close, shut, dignify, be hospitable towards.
Linguistically, the concept of lutf refers to being so kind to someone that they don‘t notice it as well as something that‘s too tiny or too subtle to be seen or felt. It also means to know secrets and minute details of things and to be able to do what others can‘t do.
 
Shar’ee meaning:
Ibn Qayyim says: when Allah subhana wa ta’alaa is Al Lateef, He shows companionship to the one He’s about to show lutf towards, so He takes the person as a companion, as a close friend and shows all the signs of being gentle, affectionate and kind in such a manner that this person doesn’t realise that this Lutf is coming. It is so subtle and so hidden.
Allah being Lateef is of 2 types.
1) First type of Lutf is to His slaves without them knowing it.
2) Allah is Lateef of His slaves. He sends gentleness and affection in such a subtle way we don’t even know its Him. This was Allah bringing to us ease in times of distress. He shows lutf towards His awliyaa, those whom He loves, He takes them out of hardship, widens for them path of ease and strengthens them in times of weakness without them even knowing.
How is Allah Al Lateef?
· Allah grants Lutf, but further goes beyond that and provides further assistance to His awliyaa.
· Allah is Al Lateef by closing for us the path of sin and opening for us paths of good.
· Allah sometimes decrees things and sometimes we don’t like it and we think it‘s the worst of things, and He closes the door to that which we want.But He knows and we do not know.
· He allows a person to obtain good in this dunya. Allah gives him eemaan, hidayah, the light of Islam, and He continues to bless him to do good and to be able to worship Him.
· Allah has prepared a specific type of help for those whom He loves. He is the One who grants pure help to the ones He wants to help. This is also found on the battlefield, in Jihad where Allah helps His awliyaa in many different and miraculous ways, because of Allah being Al Lateef towards His companions of the believers.
Have you ever heard someone say something you just needed to hear, for no apparent reason? Have you ever attended a talk and the topic specifically addresses your problem? Have you ever had a class recommended to you from out of nowhere that brings you closer to Allah? Has anyone ever said that one word that lifts you up, reminding you of Allah azza wa jall while they don‘t even know what you‘re going through? You might think it‘s your friends comforting you, but it‘s Allah, Al Lateef who sends you such occurrences.
Have you ever loved something that was displeasing to Allah and slowly just got off it to the point where you didn‘t even know why you ever liked it in the first place? These are the ways of Al Lateef, helping and guiding you in your life. As Al Lateef Himself says:
 
Allah is Subtle with His servants; He gives provisions to whom He wills. And He is the Powerful, the Exalted in Might. [ash Shuraa 42:19]
 
Surah Lateef
Ibn Qayyim says: the greatest example of Allah being Lateef is in Surah Yusuf, which is known as Surah Lateef.
If we analyse this surah and all the trials Yusuf alayhis salam went through, we see how everything fell into the plans of Allah. It shows Allah being Lateef throughout Surah Yusuf.
· At the beginning when a caravan came and took Yusuf alayhi salaam out of the well, it was because of Al Lateef without him realising that it is Al Lateef helping him come out of this well.
· When Yusuf alayhis salaam was faced with the trial of zina, and then imprisoned – it was perceived to be a trial of difficulty but Al Lateef decreed him to be in prison, quietly concealing to save him from fitna of zina. Al Lateef knew Yusuf had a better time to be released, so He made the released companion of the prison forget to mention Yusuf alayhi salam to the king
· When there was a dire need from the king, that’s when Allah released Yusuf alayhis salaam, because Al Lateef knew that this was the right time. He is Al Khabeer so He was Al Lateef. And when Yusuf was released it wasn’t because of the companion of the prison or the king, but because of Al Lateef who used these people as excuses to conceal the fact that Allah released him.
· Now Yusuf has the highest authority in Egypt. Al Lateef still had a plan, through being Al Khabeer – to reunite him with his brothers and father. The incident with Binyameen took place so that Yusuf can meet his father. Al Lateef decreed Yaqoob to get His sight back again at this point, at smelling the fragrance of Yusuf from his shirt. The brothers of Yusuf took Yaqoob back with them to bring Binyameen, them not knowing Yusuf was also there and this is when Yusuf was reunited with His family. Yusuf alayhi salaam, after seeing and living through all this said;
 
And he raised his parents upon the throne, and they bowed to him in prostration. And he said, “O my father, this is the explanation of my vision of before. My Lord has made it reality. And He was certainly good to me when He took me out of prison and brought you [here] from bedouin life after Satan had induced [estrangement] between me and my brothers. Indeed, my Lord is Subtle in what He wills. Indeed, it is He who is the Knowing, the Wise. [Yusuf 12:100]
 
Al Lateef and other Names
Allah Mentioned Al Lateef with Al Khabeer – someone who knows about everything, a specialist in every field. Allah knows everything, and knows what will help you, which trial will strengthen you, He does this with lutf.
Why mention Al Qawiyy al Azeez after Al Lateef [42:19]? Allah reminds us that He is Lateef, but for us not to forget that this gentleness isn’t a naqs (deficiency) for Him but that it is perfection and for us not to forget that He is still Al Qawiyy and Al- Azeez, the strong, the victorious.
Benefits we can learn from this Name
1. If Allah praises Himself for being Al Lateef, by concealing this, then know that there is great reward in doing the same, in granting charity, being affectionate and kind kind. We should take upon us this characteristic of lutf. Let every single person have one action that He does, that no one knows except Him and Allah. And this is when we show true sincerity. Do these secret deeds which is between you and Allah.
2. Reflect on yourself and your surroundings. For example radio waves: they can‘t be seen, but they bring about much benefit for us. The subtle air, which is not heavy to breathe, the change of the seasons, ripening fruits, the day flowing over into the night, the body and mind of a child developing in perfect milestones, people coming onto your path, an uplifting word at the right time, and events occurring out of nothing but with perfect wisdom – the ways of Al Lateef can be found all around you. Take them all as opportunities to actively remember Him.
3. Grow your love and amazement for Al Lateef. Love Him and be grateful to Him, for He‘s been kind to you in ways you don‘t even realise. Al Lateef may put you through things that you dislike, but be patient, and when He gives you what you love, be thankful for it. Say a lot of alhamdulillah in your daily life, even for the things you don‘t notice but that benefit you greatly. Say subhanAllah at any spare moment for His perfect ways to guide you through life.
4. Have the right intention in all you do. Al-Lateef knows all you do, every minute detail, every thought, every desire, and every intention, so take account of yourself. Before you do anything, ask yourself: Am I really doing this for Allah or for something else?
5. Make dua for lutf. Make dua to Al Lateef, asking Him for His kindness and to aid you to be kind to others. Ask Al Lateef for His blessings for your loved ones.
40) Al Hameed
This Name of Allah appears in the Qur’an 10 times. For example Allah says:
 
And they had been guided [in worldly life] to good speech, and they were guided to the path of the Praiseworthy. [al Hajj 22:24]
Allah also says:
O mankind, you are those in need of Allah, while Allah is the Free of need, the Praiseworthy. [al Faatir 35:15]
 
Linguistic meaning:
Someone who is praised, a praise that is deserved and perfect, opposite of defamed. Hamd – ascribe praise to one who is perfect and deserves it, with mahabah (love) and ta’dheem (honour). It implies admiration and gratitude towards the one who is praised (mahmood).
 
Shar’ee meaning:
Allah is Perfect in every single regard, deserving of praise because He is perfect. He is always deserving of praise regardless if He is being praised or not. He is also the One who praises, as Allah Praises Himself. Hamd fills up the scale on Yawmal Qiyamah. If it is said having met the 2 conditions of having love and honour. We praise Allah when He gives something and even when He doesn’t give something which makes it different to shukur which is praising/thanking upon receiving something.
 
How is Allah Al Hameed?
He is Al Hameed. He is praised for His Rahma, for His anger, for His rizq for everything. Every Name and attribute of Allah is perfect in the most perfect sense. Ibn Kathir says Allah is Al Mahmood in all of His actions and statements, in His shari’ah in His ability to be able to do things, and there is nothing Like Him. The phrase alhamdulillah occurs 38 times in the Quran and it is the praise Allah  azza wa jal praised Himself with. Some suwar (chapters) of the Quran begin with hamd, which announces that all praise and thanks belong to Allah azza wa jall, instructs that when we begin something we should begin with praise (like in a sermon or when making dua‘) and shows us how to praise Allah by saying alhamdulillah. Allah begins the Qur’an with Al Hamd – the first word of the first surah of the Qu’ran and plus in many other suwar, He begins with Al Hamd. This goes against many of Sunnan of acst of Ibadah. The general pattern is to begin with Bismillah and close with Hamd. But the very first verse is Al Hamdulillah Why? When a person opens the kitab of Allah, Allah has given the person the blessing of going to the kitab, looking at it, reading it and this phrase fills scales on Yawmal Qiyamah. This phrase is said at all times and places. Everything in the heavens and earth is praising Allah, in every single place, every single form of creation, from the beginning of time till the end of time. He was praised before He created time, before Allah created creation and He will continue to be praised at the end of time when everything perishes, Allah will still be praised, by Himself.
 
The praise of Allah is of 2 types
1) Everything from the creation is praising Allah, with the statement Alhamdulillah.
2) Praise is due to Allah being perfect. Praising Allah in al Aakhirah will be forever and it will be as natural as breathing. Allah says in the Qur‘an that the people of Parradise will say:
And We will have removed whatever is within their breasts of resentment, [while] flowing beneath them are rivers. And they will say, “Praise to Allah, who has guided us to this; and we would never have been guided if Allah had not guided us. Certainly the messengers of our Lord had come with the truth.” And they will be called, “This is Paradise, which you have been made to inherit for what you used to do.” [al ‗A‘raaf 7:43]
The One who deserves praise is the One who has guided us to Islam.
 
Virtues of praising Allah
1. A means to fill your scales on Yawmal Qiyamah.
The statement Alhamdulillah fills up your scales. [Muslim]
2. The most perfect manner of making du’a and an extremely powerful du’a is when a person starts with hamd of Allah and then sends peace and blessings on Prophet and then talks to Allah about what he wants and desires.
3. Rasooullah sallalahu alayhi wassalam said:
Whoever says subhanaAllahi wa bihamdi, his sins will be forgiven even if they are like the foam of ocean. [Tirmidhi]. Here the hadith is pertaining to minor sins, except if you intend that you want it to be tawbah for major sins, allahu’alam. This shows what an intention can do, it can change a small deed into a big deed.
 
Al Hameed and other Names
· Allah mentioned Hameed with Hakeem. “Has been revealed to you by Hameed and Hakeem.” Everything Allah has prescribed there is a reason for it, wisdom. Every act of ibadah, there is a reason and wisdom behind it, even if we don’t know of it. Allah’s wisdom is so great and perfect and He deserves praise because of His wisdom.
· Allah also mentions Hameed with Majeed, Allah is praising His izzah. His strength will never die and Allah will forever be strong and powerful. He is Hameed in His strength, and His Hamd is powerful.
· Allah Mentions Hameed with Al Waliy – guardian, protector. Wa huwal waliyul hameed. There is no greater wali, protector, shield, friend other than Allah. When Allah decrees that Allah wants to protect someone, nothing can break that barrier, that protection. Al Hamd for this protection. When a person adorns his tongue with hamd, Allah will make him a wali of Allah. Allah will become a wali and friend to the one who praises Him constantly.
As mentioned in the Hadith Qudsi
On the authority of Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him), who said that the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “Allah (mighty and sublime be He) said:Whosoever shows enmity to someone devoted to Me, I shall be at war with him. My servant draws not near to Me with anything more loved by Me than the religious duties I have enjoined upon him, and My servant continues to draw near to Me with supererogatory works so that I shall love him. When I love him I am his hearing with which he hears, his seeing with which he sees, his hand with which he strikes and his foot with which he walks. Were he to ask [something] of Me, I would surely give it to him, and were he to ask Me for refuge, I would surely grant him it. I do not hesitate about anything as much as I hesitate about [seizing] the soul of My faithful servant: he hates death and I hate hurting him.” [Al Bukhari]
Through praising Allah constantly our eyes will only see what Allah wants us to see, our ears will only see that which Allah wants, so ears will only hear good, and tongue will utter only that which is good. Allah will become our wali in dunya and aakhirah. To the extent we can only do good. Allah tests a person when He loves them and also tests as a punishment.
How to differentiate?
1) Both types of tests are signs that Allah loves you, because even the test that is a punishment, is a means for you to be forgiven. Punishment in dunya is better than punishment in aakhirah.
2) A test of love often comes directly after an act of worship. A bad test often comes after deed of disobedient.
3) Test of punishment will make naqs in ibaadah. A person won’t be able to do an ibaadah anymore. A Dunya test, e.g. Family member dying is a good test.
4) A person will be able to tell by themselves what a test is due to because of an action that he has done either of good or bad.
 
Benefits we can learn from this Name
1. Knowing the virtues of the phrase Alhamdulillah. The Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam said:
Verily, your Lord likes Al-Hamd [An-Nasaa‘i] He salallahu alayhi wa sallam mentioned: The best dhikr (remembering Allah) is laa ilaaha illallah and the best supplication is alhamdulillah [At-Tirmidhi] And: The phrase alhamdulillah fills the scale. [Muslim]. Realise the virtues of alhamdulillah.
2. Increase in saying alhamdulillah and feel it. Increase in saying this beautiful praise in your daily life. And say it out of deep love, honour, and with humility and gratitude to your Lord. Remember Paradise when you say alhamdulillah, and ask Allah azza wa jall to make you of those who say:
Their call therein will be, Exalted are You, O Allah,‘ and their greeting therein will be, Peace.‘ And the last of their call will be, Praise to Allah, Lord of the worlds.‘ [Yunus 10:10]
3. Say it when you are blessed. The Prophet salallahu ‗alayhi wa sallam said:
No servant is blessed by Allah and says, alhamdulillah except that what he was given is better than that which he has himself acquired. [Ibn Maajah]
4. Know that everything happens for good. For the believers there is always a win-win situation. The Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam said:
The affair of the believer is amazing. The whole of his life is beneficial, and that is only in the case of the believer. When good times come to him, he is thankful and it is good for him, and when bad times befall him, he is patient and it is also good for him. [Muslim]. Deeply reflect on this hadith and say: alhamdulillah alaa kulli haal alhamdulillah in every case or situation.
41) Al Majeed
This Name of Allah appears in the Qur’an twice. Allah says:
 
They said, “Are you amazed at the decree of Allah ? May the mercy of Allah and His blessings be upon you, people of the house. Indeed, He is Praiseworthy and Honourable.” [Hud 11:73]
And Allah says:
Honourable owner of the Throne [al Burooj 85:15]
 
Linguistic meaning:
Honourable, dignified, glorified. Something that has so much sharf (honour). Majd refers to a complete authority (sultan) and sovereignty (adhamah). This root includes the meanings of being glorious, dignified, majestic and exceedingly generous.
 
Shar’ee meaning:
One who has vast blessings, glory, honour, dignity. Someone who possesses glory (majd) and dignity and honour. Allah specified Qur’an as majeed – something that allows person to achieve honour and glory.
Qaaf. By the Honoured Qur’an… [Qaaf 50:1] The number of ayat there are in Qur’an, will equate the number of levels that there will be in Jannah. The Qur’an gives us honour in both dunya and aakhirah.
The Name Al Majeed is related in meaning to the combination of three other Beautiful Names, Al Jaleel (the Majestic), Al Kareem (The Generous) and Al Wahhaab (The Bestower). Al Majeed is majestic and beautiful in both His qualities and actions. He treats His slaves most generously and gives them gifts beyond any expectations. This is a demonstration of His Greatness which deserves all praise.
 
Benefits we can learn from this Name
1. Having Mahabbah – Allah is the most glorious. From His glory He sends us mercy, and He only does things that befit His majesty. Knowing this increases our love for Al Majeed.
2. Follow His book. Know that you are a slave of One Who is Perfect so follow His Book, submit to His commands and stay away from His prohibitions. Learn to recite, understand and live by the Qur’an to increase yourself in dignity and honour.
3. Praise Al Majeed continuously. Show Him you are grateful for His favours upon you and praise Him for His perfection. Abu Hamzah Al Baghdady said: It‘s impossible for you to claim you love Allah and not praise him continuously, and it‘s impossible that you praise Allah continuously and not see the sweetness of that in this life; and its impossible you see the sweetness of praising Allah and then be preoccupied with other than him. Not praising Al Majeed continuously is even a sign of a hypocrite. Allah azza wajal said:
Indeed, the hypocrites [think to] deceive Allah, but He is deceiving them. And when they stand for prayer, they stand lazily, showing [themselves to] the people and not remembering Allah except a little [an Nisaa 4:142]
There is no excuse to not be engaged in the dhikr (remembrance) of Al Majeed:
And when you have completed the prayer, remember Allah standing, sitting, or [lying] on your sides. But when you become secure, re-establish [regular] prayer. Indeed, prayer has been decreed upon the believers a decree of specified times. [an Nisaa 4:103]
4. Treat others with respect. Let the attribute of majd open your heart and treat others with forgiveness and patience. Speak kindly to others, smile to them and help others reconcile. Spend your blessings of wealth to help the less fortunate and apart from your spending, be humble and kind to them.
5. Reflect on the creation of Al Majeed. The signs of Allah‘s majd can be seen all around us, the whole universe and all it contains for our benefit is a demonstration of the vast Greatness and Generosity of Al Majeed. When you go through difficulties and trials, look around you and realise it is Al Majeed Who just says Be and it is.
 
And you see the mountains, thinking them rigid, while they will pass as the passing of clouds. [It is] the work of Allah, who perfected all things. Indeed, He is Acquainted with that which you do.[an Naml 27:88]
As He made everything around you and inside you, He can surely give you a way out of your problems.

An Explanation of Allahs Beautiful Names and Attributes art 15

34) Al Hakeem 
This Name of Allah Appears in the Qur’an 91 times. The majority of the time, it is mentioned with another Name for example Al Aleem, Al Kabeer. Allah says:
Whatever is in the heavens and earth exalts Allah, and He is the Exalted in Might, the Wise.
[al Hadeed 57:1]
Allah also says:
O Moses, indeed it is I – Allah, the Exalted in Might, the Wise.” [al Naml 27:9]
 
Linguistic meaning:
means one who judges the ultimate, final judge. Also means one who possesses infinite and perfect wisdom. He is al Haakim and Hakeem. Final judge, from which there will be no accounting after. Hakeem is exaggerated form of Haakim.
 
Shar’ee meaning:
Allah by being the Name Al Hakeem, He doesn’t say or command, act or decree, except that He does it with the greatest of wisdoms.
· Principle in shar’ee – the One who is the lawgiver, doesn’t command something except that it is completely beneficial or predominantly beneficial. And everything He prohibits is either completely harmful or predominantly harmful. Allah only acts, commands and prohibits with wisdom.
Look to the creation of Allah, what He has created, and how He made things evolve into other things, He created with wisdom. Allah has made everything He created, beautiful, and this is fitting in with His wisdom. Allah has created everything and has decreed for it its exact decree. Allah being Al Hakeem, when He arranges the creations, and decrees, He does it so that there are no faults in what He does and this falls into His most perfect wisdom. Ibn Qayyim says: Allah doesn’t act out of vanity. Allah has made a principle upon Himself that He acts for a reason and does everything with a reason and with wisdom behind it.
 
Wisdom of Allah
1) Hukm shar’ee deeni – decreed things to be done in the religion. The Haqq Allah has over us is for us to worship Him alone. This is something which every person must affirm.
2) Hukm al kawni al qadari – wisdom of Allah allowing mankind to have free will and do things He doesn’t want them to do. The Writing doesn’t force a person to do anything. Can du’a change destiny? The qadar is in lawhal mahfooz. On laylatul qadar it can be the decree that a person will have for example an accident, but on this day the person makes du’a to be safe as the qadar is about to fall upon Him. So as the qadar will be coming down from Allah, the du’a goes up and they fight one another and whichever one is stronger will overcome the weaker one. But this du’a that the person made for safety and the initial qadar (I.e an accident) not taking place, were both written in lawhal mahfooz. Allah didn’t inform the angels of this du’a but they were told to carry out their tasks of the year regardless. Have husn al dhann of Allah, make du’a, having the firm belief that Allah will answer it. Have yaqeen and belief that the best will happen, and once you have that full certainty and yaqeen, then it will happen. Allah treats His slave how the slave thinks of Him.
The Messenger of Allah sallalahu alayhi wassalam said that Allah says: I am as my servant expects Me to be, and I am with him when he remembers me. If he thinks of Me, I think of him. If he mentions Me in company, I mention him in an even better company. When he comes closer to Me by a handspan, I come closer to him an arm’s length. If he draws closer to Me by an arm’s length, I draw closer by a distance of two outstretched arms nearer to him. If my servant comes to Me walking, I go to him running. (Al-Bukhari – Hadith Qudsi)
3) Allah has prescribed from His wisdom something that happens, that they cannot stay away from. So for example, Allah has decreed from His wisdom, rain, wind, calamities, trials, tribulations, death, illness – all of these are examples of Allah’s wisdom that we cannot do anything but accept. One who understands the greatness of Allah knows that our trials and tribulations is something that nurtures us to succeed in this life and the next because Allah has decreed it. When a Muslim understands that Allah is Al Hakeem – and there is a great wisdom behind such a trial, although we don’t know what it is, then that person would live this life as though every single trial is a benefit, a reward, a luxury for him. When a person knows and realises this then he knows that every prohibition is harmful in this world and in the aakhirah.
 
Benefits we can learn from this Name
1. Trust in Al-Hakeem. If Al-Hakeem decides you should lose or gain something, there is a wisdom behind it. If something happens that displeases you it would be unwise to be unhappy with Al-Hakeem. You lost money, or even a person, or didn‘t get what you so badly wanted? How many times in life have you looked back and seen the wisdom behind things that happened to you, things which may have greatly saddened you at the time? Wisdom is to trust the wisdom of Al Hakeem at all times, no matter how hard it may seem.
2. Stick to the laws of Al Hakeem. All the rules of Al Hakeem (the sharee‘ah) are set to reform the creation and not to cause hardship in life. In other words; His rules are best for you. Al Hakeem made you and thus knows exactly what you need in order to succeed. If we don‘t understand His rulings, we should not blame the rules, but our own understanding. So focus and reflect and know that the ruling only belongs to Al Hakeem and ask Him to make you of those who value His laws above man-made laws in your daily life.
3. Reflect on the perfection of Al Hakeem‘s work. Remind yourself of Al Hakeem seeing His wisdom reflected in His creation. The oxygen, the salt levels in your blood are all perfectly measured, if they would be slightly different, you would die instantly. Take the time to look around you (and at yourself) and realize the beautiful
and perfect wisdom of Al-Hakeem.
Who perfected everything which He created and began the creation of man from clay.
[as Sajdah, 32:7]
4. Make the Book of Al Hakeem your companion. The attribute of hikmah is one you should strive for too. Derive your wisdom from your knowledge of Allah. Where can we find this knowledge? In the Quran and the Sunnah. So make the Quran your close companion, by reciting it, understanding it and acting upon it.
By the wise Quran, ―Al-Hakeem‖ (i.e. full of wisdom ) [Ya Seen, 36: 2] The more you follow the commands of the All Wise, the wiser you will become.
5. Have hikmah in your dealings.Use your blessings with wisdom by using them to gain the pleasure of Al Hakeem. How many of us have wealth but waste it? How many of us have health, but we misuse it? Being wise is using your intelligence, wealth, time, and skills to please Al Hakeem. The same goes for calling other people to Al Hakeem— do so with hikmah.
6. Ask Al Hakeem for understanding. Of all things you ask of Allah daily, make sure you keep asking Him for understanding of the deen of Islam. Al Hakeem says:
He gives wisdom to whom He wills, and whoever has been given wisdom has certainly been given much good. And none will remember except those of understanding [al Baqarah, 2:269]
 
Al Hakeem and other Names
 
· Allah mentions the Name Hakeem with Aleem. Allah says:
[As for] the thief, the male and the female, amputate their hands in recompense for what they committed as a deterrent [punishment] from Allah. And Allah is Exalted in Might and Wise. [al Maeda 5:38]
Ibn Qayyim says: Allah concludes this ayah with these two Names because Al Azeez is the one who can do anything He wants and Al Hakeem is the perfection of knowledge and wisdom. This ayah shows Allah’s wisdom in commanding the hudood. This is what the thief deserves as a punishment for stealing, and it is also a deterrent for people. Side note: Islamic definition of thief is someone who steals an item that is safeguarded and protected and is something that he doesn’t need. Stealing food because he’s hungry or for example a laptop left in an open car is a sin, but he is not culpable for the punishment in these situations. Allahu’alam.
· Allah mentions Al Hakeem with Al Aleem. Allah possesses perfect knowledge and is wise in that knowledge.
· Allah also mentions Al Hakeem with Al Hameed. Allah deserves praise (hamd) because of His wisdom. He is the All Wise and the Praiseworthy.
35) Al Waasi’ 
This Name of Allah is mentioned in the Qur’an 9 times. For example Allah says:
Satan threatens you with poverty and orders you to immorality, while Allah promises you forgiveness from Him and bounty. And Allah is all-Encompassing and Knowing.
[al Baqarah 2:268]
 
Lingustic meaning: 
Vast, something that has no limits.
 
Shar’ee meaning:
Allah is vast in all His Names and Attributes. At Tabari says; He takes from His Names and Attributes and passes it around to the whole of creation. He encompasses everything. For example He is Wasiul maghfira – vast in His forgiveness. Allah has no limits to any Attributes, His mercy is limitless, His knowledge is limitless, His giving is limitless, His seeing is limitless etc. Al Waasi‘ is beyond any limits in essence and has boundless capacities. He encompasses the whole of creation with His blessings, care, and kindness. He is the Self-Sufficient and is sufficient for all. Nothing is beyond Him. Allah is Waasi‘ in all his sifaat. His shariah is waasi’. Allah mentions this Name with Aleem. Ibn Qayyim says; wherever you go you will find Waasi’ – His wisdom is vast and everywhere, wherever you go you will see Allah’s wisdom and creation.
A Formula for Success
Al Waasi‘ inspires to a beautiful supplication with an amazing, encompassing answer stating His attribute of wasi‘a. He says:
And decree for us in this world [that which is] good and [also] in the Hereafter; indeed, we have turned back to You.” [ Allah ] said, “My punishment – I afflict with it whom I will, but My mercy encompasses all things.” So I will decree it [especially] for those who fear Me and give zakah and those who believe in Our verses [al A’raaf 7:156]
This is your formula for success: in your heart, have fear, as Al Waasi‘ is the Only One who can punish whomever he wishes to punish. Have hope, because His mercy encompasses everything. In your actions stay away from evil, purify yourself and your wealth, and believe in the signs explained to you in the Qur’an and in the universe.
 
Benefits we can learn from this Name
1. Love of Allah. He has passed down provisions and everything else to to the whole of creation. We develop love of Allah through this Name.
2. Ponder over the fact that Allah is limitless. We can see examples, just here in the world, in Allah‘s creations. Look at the sky, the creation, the perfection, so much that is still unknown. He is limitlessly, the creator. There are places on this Earth where typically life shouldn‘t exist scientifically but Al Khaliq, the Creator, has created protists and microorganisms that are thriving there. He is the limitless Sustainer. The limitless Provider.
3. Ask Al Waasi‘. His power encompasses everything and there‘s nothing Al Waasi‘ can‘t do. He‘s never distracted by anything in his infinite sphere of activities and knowledge. He has sufficient means to respond to each single request in His tremendous dominion. So ask Him for every need you have and turn to Him with every worry you feel.
4. Be an ambassador of good. His dominion is incredible and vast. Al Waasi‘ placed you on this world and watches your every move. All you did, do, and will do is embraced by His knowledge.
Your only God is only Allah; except for whom there is no diety. He has encompassed all things in knowledge [Ta Ha 20:98]. Take your role on this earth seriously and be an ambassador of Islam by showing good manners and calling others to Al-Waasi‘.
5. Never despair in any characteristic of Allah. Despairing in any capacity of Al Waasi‘ means you are putting a limit on the One whose abilities are beyond any limit; may Allah protect us from this thinking. If you think that He can‘t forgive you because you‘re too evil, you‘re denying this attribute because His mercy is limitless! So never despair in any of His roles, whether that be The Provider, The Judge, The Answerer of Prayers; be firm in faith that all His capacities cannot be limited by anything or anyone.
6. Realise that there is nothing that Allah can‘t do. All of us can perish in seconds, all of us can finish in seconds without a trace but Allah still gives time for everyone, and time to everyone that maybe they‘ll turn back but most people, even to the concept of time, are ungrateful and blind.
 
Al ‘Aalim, Al ‘Aleem, ‘Allamal Ghuyoob 
These Names are about Allah knowing about the creation.
 
36) Al ‘Aalim 
 
This Name of Allah is mentioned in the Qu’ran 13 times. For example Allah says:
 
They will make excuses to you when you have returned to them. Say, “Make no excuse – never will we believe you. Allah has already informed us of your news. And Allah will observe your deeds, and [so will] His Messenger; then you will be taken back to the Knower of the unseen and the witnessed, and He will inform you of what you used to do.” [at Tawbah 9:94]
37) Al ‘Aleem
This Name of Allah is mentioned in the Qur’an 157 times. For example Allah says:
 
And [mention, O Muhammad], when your Lord said to the angels, “Indeed, I will make upon the earth a successive authority.” They said, “Will You place upon it one who causes corruption therein and sheds blood, while we declare Your praise and sanctify You?” Allah said, “Indeed, I know that which you do not know.” [al Baqarah 2:30]
When Allah wanted to prove that Adam and mankind were greater then the malaaika, He taught Adam knowledge [Surah Al Baqarah 2:31]. A person increases His rank in the sight of Allah through knowledge of Allah. The key to success in dunya and aakhirah is ‘ilm. Aalim – someone who knows something Aleem – someone who knows something in the exaggerated manner
38) Allaamul Ghuyoob 
This Name of Allah is mentioned in the Qur’an 4 times. For example Allah says:
 
[Be warned of] the Day when Allah will assemble the messengers and say, “What was the response you received?” They will say, “We have no knowledge. Indeed, it is You who is Knower of the unseen” [al Maeda 5:109]
· Allaamul Ghuyoob is a greater form of exaggeration than Aleem. One who knows the intricate details of the Unseen.
· He Knows everything taking place and everything that’s being done, and everything about the consequences of actiosn. He Knows all the hidden matters.
· Contains Aalim and Aleem. The trunk is of knowledge and the branches is Aalim and Aleem.
· Together these 3 Names show the perfection of the knowledge of Allah.
Allah says:
And with Him are the keys of the unseen; none knows them except Him. And He knows what is on the land and in the sea. Not a leaf falls but that He knows it. And no grain is there within the darknesses of the earth and no moist or dry [thing] but that it is [written] in a clear record. [al An’aam 6:59]
The knowledge of Allah is vast. There is not a single thing that He doesn’t know about.
 
Benefits of Allah’s knowledge
1) Encompasses the entire creation. Allah’s knowledge reaches every single part of the creation.
2) Comprises of everything, and everything that comes out and goes into the heavens and earth.
3) Allah specified ghayb when talking about His Name Allaamul Ghuyoob. Allah has the key to the unseen and so He possesses the knowledge. It is not possible for a person to sin if they know that Allah is looking at him. Sometimes we forget this but when we are aware and still sin knowingly, then it means our heart is close to dying.
 
5 things that only Allah knows about
1) Ilm of the hour.
2) Ilm of al ghayth – rain from the heavens.
3) Ilm of what is in the womb
4) Ilm of what every soul will earn tomorrow
5) Ilm of where/what land one will die in.
 
Benefits we can learn from these Names
1. Affirm that all types of unseen is known only to Allah and He hasn’t given this knowledge to anyone else. Allah‘s knowledge can‘t be compared to any other knowledge in the creation. Our knowledge is preceded by ignorance and we gain knowledge by learning and we also forget. Allah‘s ilm is neither acquired through learning nor preceded by ignorance; nothing in the heavens or on the Earth
escapes His notice. Fear Allah. Al-Aleem says:
And We have already created man and know what his soul whispers to him, and We are closer to him than [his] jugular vein. [Qaaf 50: 6]
If you know that He sees you while you‘re alone and when you‘re in the company of others, that He knows all of your secret thoughts and intentions, if you firmly believe that Allah azza wa jall knows all things, then stick to His divine commands and know that they are the best for you. This will prevent one from sinning.
2. Strive for the best of knowledge. There are different types and branches of knowledge; one example is that of things created by Allah, of which some are beneficial and others are not. Knowing all about the life of a certain pop star is an example of knowledge of no benefit to your life in this world and the next. Whereas knowledge of certain skills can be of benefit in this life to be able to practice a certain career. Another example of knowledge, which is the most honourable knowledge with most benefit, is the knowledge of the Creator Himself. So study His Names and Attributes with the intention to transform your life by them.
3. Realise the virtue of seeking (beneficial) knowledge.
Is one who is devoutly obedient during periods of the night, prostrating and standing [in prayer], fearing the Hereafter and hoping for the mercy of his Lord, [like one who does not]? Say, “Are those who know equal to those who do not know?” Only they will remember [who are] people of understanding. [az Zumar 39:9] To which group do you want to belong? And the Prophet sallalahu alayhi wassalam said: Whoever treads a path in search of knowledge, Allah makes easy for him a path to Paradise. [Muslim]
Keep reminding yourself of the importance of daily seeking Islamic knowledge, instil this eagerness in your children and start by asking Al Allaam to increase you in knowledge which will benefit you in this life and the next by memorizing this beautiful Quranic supplication: My Lord! Increase me in Knowledge [Ta Ha 20:114].
4. Convey knowledge. The Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam said:
Convey from me even a single verse …[Al-Bukhari] and he mentioned an amazing fact: By Allah, were Allah to guide a single man through you it would be better for you than a herd of red camels. [Abu Dawood] Make it a mission to share a piece of Islamic knowledge with someone every day inshaa‘Allah.
5. Have the desire to learn. Be eager to increase your knowledge, especially Islamic knowledge, since Allah loves knowledge and those who possess it just as He hates ignorance and those who are wilfully ignorant. Be patient and persevere in seeking beneficial knowledge, and recognise that learning is a form of worship; how else can you know what Allah wants from you? How else can you do what pleases Him and avoid what He dislikes? We need to know Allah in order to be able to worship Him how He wants to be worshipped and how he deserves to be worshipped. Allah Al ‗Aleem loves those who seek knowledge.
6. Humility. Let Allah‘s perfect and detailed knowledge humble you. This is why it is said: the one who knows the most about Allah fears Him the most. Knowledge is a quality that we naturally admire in people; let the amazing ilm of your creator increase your love and admiration for Him.
7. Accept what is decreed for you. Knowing Al ‗Aleem makes your heart able to accept what He decreed for you because you know He designed your destiny by His knowledge and wisdom. Whatever pain, stress, disappointment, and injustice you go through, Allah knows. Remind yourself of this to get closer to Him, especially during trials, be comforted and motivated. Let the all-encompassing knowledge of Al Allaam of not only each leaf that falls, but also each of your thoughts and feelings, comfort you and tell yourself in times of hardship: Allah knows. At the same time, realise Al Allaam knows of every move you make, even when no other human being is aware, and let this motivate you to not only watch your actions, but strive to show Him the best of you, each and every day He gives you.
8. Leave a legacy of knowledge. The Prophet salallahu alayhi wasallam said:
When the human being dies, his deeds come to an end except for three: ongoing charity, beneficial knowledge, or a righteous child who prays for him [Muslim]. When you die, you can no longer do a single good deed and you never know when the Angel of Death comes for you. Out of His mercy, Allah taught you the three deeds mentioned in the hadith above which will keep counting for you, even when you die. An example is printing a leaflet with Islamic knowledge, think of a project to leave a legacy of knowledge and ask Allah to give you the ability to make it happen.
 
9. Do dhikr with this Name. The Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam said: Anyone who says three times in the evening:
In the Name of Allah, with whose Name nothing on earth or in the sky can harm. And He is the All-Hearing and All-Knowing- nothing will harm them until the morning, and anyone who says it three times in the morning, nothing will harm them until the evening. [Ahmad]
· Allah mentions Al Aleem with Al Hakeem. The reason being is because His knowledge has wisdom. He knows everything and knows the wisdom behind everything.

An Explanation of Allahs Beautiful Names and Attributes part 14

30) Al Adheem
This Name of Allah Appears in the Qur’an 9 times. For example Allah says:
So exalt the Name of your Lord, the Most great. [al Waqiah 56:96]
Rasoolullah sallalahu alayhi wassalam said; when you go into rukoo’ glorify Allah by saying subhana Rabbiyal ‘adheem.
When the following was revealed: So glorify the Name of your Lord, the Most Great‘, [al Haqqah 69:52] the Messenger of Allah sallalahu alayhi wassalam said to us: Say this in your Ruku.‘ And when the following was revealed: Glorify the Name of your Lord, the Most High.‘ [al alaa 87:1] the Messenger of Allah sallalhu alayhi wassalam said to us: Say this in your prostrations.‘ [Sahih Ibn Majah]
Lingustic meaning:
something that is great, greater than everything. Something that is glorified and exalted, majestic, magnificent. Something that is mighty and deserves worship.
Shar’ee meaning:
Allah – One that has utmost greatness and grandeur; greater and mightier than everyone. Everything that He possesses is greater and mightier than what we possess. Magnificent in His mercy, His mercy is greater than any of our mercy. Allah is also ‘Adheem in His adhaab. The Rahma that He has is greatest form of mercy. But also shadeedul ‘iqaab – severe in punishment. He is ‘Adheem and glorified in every single characteristic and Name. He is characterised by greatness and no one can share in the might and greatness of Allah.
Ibn Qayyim says: There is a time when everyone achieves some sort of might and power for example a king who has power in his country but he doesn’t have this power in any other country and he won’t have the power when he passes away. But Allah being mighty and majestic, He will always be the one who is mighty, the majestic – before time, in time and after time. He will always own the world and the heavens and will always possess us. Him being Adheem can never decrease.
Your prayer with Al ‘Adheem
Adhm means bone; it refers to strength. Al Adheem is the greatest and the strongest and He chose us to contemplate His greatness and strength each time we bow down and say Subhaana Rabbiyal Adheem‘ in our prayer. In His ultimate wisdom He chose this Name of all His Names to be repeated in each prayer. We say it while we are bowing down, submitting to His greatness and strength. When we bow in rukoo‘ we should focus all of our body and mind on how inferior we are in comparison with Al Adheem. Bowing is admitting, testifying to the grandeur and the might of Allah azza wa jall.
Benefits that we can learn from this Name
1. We gain khushoo’ and khudo – we submit and have awe. Ibn Qayyim says: The reason as to why we say subhana rabbiyal adheem in ruku’ is because the quraysh used to mock this act of ibaadah. They never used to do it. Allah prescribed that the Name ‘Adheem is to be said here to remind us that we are glorifying the one who is mighty and majestic and He is the one who commanded us to bow in this position. Reminds us of ‘izza of the religion.
2. We know that the commandments are from Al Adheem, who is great and glorified. So even if we find it hard and tiring, we confirm that if it is from Al Adheem, then we know this action has some kind of benefit. We know that the prohibitions are from Al Adheem and we affirm that if Allah is the creator of the heavens and earth, He knows how a person can fall into sin.
3. Fill up your scales of deeds by remembering Al Adheem. Abu Hurairah, may Allah be pleased with him, reported: The Messenger of Allah salallahu alayhi wa sallam said:
There are two statements that are light for the tongue to remember, heavy in the Scales and are dear to the Merciful: Subhan-Allahi wa bihamdihi, Subhan-Allahil-Adheem [Glory be to Allah and His is the praise, (and) Allah, the Greatest is free from imperfection).‘ [al Bukhari and Muslim] Make it a habit to say this any spare moment, while working, cooking, waiting, travelling, etc.
4. Ask Al Adheem for help in all situations. He is the owner of all strength; each hardship, challenge, or problem you face is insignificant compared to what He was able to create. Al Adheem created the beautiful sky and the strong and huge mountains don‘t you think He will be able to solve all your problems? So ask Al Adheem to help you in all situations and call on Him whenever you feel you need strength to carry on in life.
5. Fear no one but Al Adheem.
O you who believe! Fear Allah as He should be feared, and do not die except in the state of Islam. [ale Imran 3:102] Even the strongest man in this world is absolutely nothing compared to the greatness and strength of Al Adheem, so fear no one and nothing except Him. We should have hope in Allah’s mercy and fear Allah’s punishment. Fear hell but hope in Jannah.
6. Increase your dhikr when you bow. To feel your rukoo‘ increase your adhkaar (rememberance) in it. A dhikr from the sunnah including this Name is:
How perfect He is, The Possessor of total power, sovereignty, magnificence and grandeur [Abu Dawood, An-Nasaa‘i, Ahmad].
Al ‘Adheem and other Names
· Allah mentioned Al Adheem with Al Aliyy. For example in. Ayatul Kursi, the greatest ayah of the Qur’an. The reason why Allah coupled these 2 Names together is because for Allah to be Mighty and Great, He can’t share the same space as His creation. Everything He created has some sort of deficiency so He is separate from His creation, above His throne. He is not from the creation and has no deficiency.
· Allah mentions Al Adheem with Al Haleem – meaning forbearing, tolerant, lenient. Al Adheem is a Name that strikes fear but coupling it with the name Al Haleem is a reminder that Allah is also a Lord that is tolerant, Allah won’t hold us accountable for something we don’t know. “Forgive us for our mistakes in the times we forgot” This du’a is found in Surah Al Baqarah, Rasoolullah sallalahu alayhi wassalam said:
Allah has forgiven my ummah for the mistakes they have done in forgetfulness. [Ibn Majah]
Al ‘Aliyy, Al A’laa wal Muta
Names of Allah associated with Him being high above His Throne, separate from creation.
31) Al ‘Aliyy
This Name of Allah appears in the Qur’an 8 times. For example Allah says:
That is because Allah is the Truth, and that which they call upon other than Him is falsehood, and because Allah is the Most High, the Grand. [al Hajj 22:62]
Al Aliyy is also mentioned at the end of Ayatul Kursi with Al Adheem as mentioned above.
Linguistic meaning:
most high, lofty, exalted, to ascend
Shar’ee meaning of:
high above everything, He‘s the One Whose loftiness is both in His essence and in His Attributes. Al Aliyy is above any imperfections. He is above the Arsh.
The rising of good deeds
Our good words and deeds rise up through the heavens to Allah Al Aliyy. The Messenger of Allah said:
Those who remember Allah and glorify Allah by saying, Glory be to Allah [subhanAllah] Allah is most Great [Allahu Akbar] all praise is due to Allah [Alhamdulillah] and La ilaha illallah, these words go around the Throne buzzing like bees, mentioning those who said them. Would one of you not like to have something with Allah mentioning him? [Ahmad, Ibn Majah]
Ali bin Abi Talib reported that Ibn Abbas said:The good word is the remembrance of Allah, may He be exalted, which is taken up to Allah, and the righteous deed is the performance of obligatory duties. Whoever remembers Allah when doing an obligatory duty, his deed carries his remembrance of Allah and takes it up to Allah, may He be Exalted. Whoever remembers Allah and does not perform the obligatory duties, his words will be rejected, as will his deed. [Tafsir Ibn Katheer]
32) Al A’laa
Allah says:
Exalt the Name of your Lord, the Most High [al A’laa 87:1]
Linguistic meaning:
high, lofty
Shar’ee meaning:
high, pure, perfect from all types of imperfections. Rasoolullah sallalahu alayhiwassalm said make the du’a subhana rabbiyal alaa in sujood. Al ‘Alaa: High in His perfection and above in His perfection. He is free from all types of imperfection. Mankind was created imperfect and the greatest act of ibadah we can do is sujood. This is exclusive for Allah. But even though we are worshipping Allah through sujood, we are still not granting Him the worship He deserves, so we say glory be to Al A‘laa because we are imperfect, and even in the greatest act of worship we do, we still cannot fulfil the right of worship towards Allah. So glory be to Allah, One who is free from all imperfections.
Surah Al A’laa – Your Lord, The Most High
Al Musabbihaat are the surahs in the Quran that begin with the declaration (sabbaha) of the perfection of Allah. Of the musabbihaat, Surah Al A‘laa is the most beloved to the Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam. He loved to recite this specific surah in every single Jumuah prayer and in both of the Eid prayers. The first ayah is: sabbi hisma Rabbikala‘laa Exalt the Name of your Lord, the Most High. There are many narrations of the companions radiyallahu ‗anhum, including those of Ali, that whenever the Prophet heard this ayah he would say: Subhana Rabbi Al A‘laa, Subhana Rabbi Al A‘laa (Glory to my Lord, the Most High). When this first ayah was revealed the Prophet said: Put it in your sujood. Thus in every sujood of our prayer we use this version of Rabb (Lord), by saying: Subhana Rabbi, al A‘laa.
33) Al Muta’aal
This Name of Allah appears in the Qur’an once. Allah says:
[He is] Knower of the unseen and the witnessed, the Grand, the Exalted [ar Ra’d 13:9]
Linguistic meaning:
Someone who prevails, is victorious, high over everything, to overcome.
Shar’ee meaning:
Al-Muta‘aal is the One whose highness exceeds any limits. He is the most lofty and exalted and the One who advances, overcomes and exceeds all of creation in His being and all His Attributes. He is proud and great and His glory is too high to be comprehended by us. Allah decides who will get victory and who will be defeated. He is high above everything. Scholars say this Name brings much comfort to the believers. Allah is above everything in terms of victory.
Benefits we can learn from these Names
1. Affirm that we are worshipping a Lord that has no imperfections or deficiencies. He Hears everything and Sees everything. His Knowledge is absolute and perfect. We are worshipping someone who is Self Sufficient – As Samad.
2. Ayatul kursi is the greatest verse in Qur’an. It gives examples of how Allah is the Lord of the Worlds. Al Hayy al Qayyum – He has no deficiency/imperfections. He doesn’t sleep nor slumber. Allah concluded the ayah with Al Aliyy and Al Adheem – great, powerful, mighty, exalted, glorified, high above all things.
3. Be humble. Among the good manners adorning a believer is submission before the glory of Al Aliy. Train yourself to submit to Him, and place no one or nothing above Him in your daily life. Fight your desires and train yourself to show patience and gratitude in all situations to please Al ‗Aliy. The Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam said:Whoever humbles himself before Allah, Allah will elevate him. [Muslim]
4. Increase your sujood. When are we closest to the highest? When we are in sujood, the lowest position we can be in. The Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam taught us: Prostrate much because there is no Muslim that prostrates to Allah except that Allah raises him one degree in Paradise by it and forgives for him a sin. [Ahmad] The more you prostrate, the more you raise your ranks in paradise insha‘Allah, until you reach the highest level, Jannat Al-Firdaws (Paradise). This is where the Prophet will be. And the roof of this particular level is the throne of Al Aliyy. Make sure you don‘t just prostrate with your body, but also with a heart full of humility.
5. Have many good deeds rising to Al Aliyy. Say a lot of subhanAllah, alhamdulillah, Allahu Akbar, and la ilaha illAllah combined with your obligatory deeds.
6. Make use of the third part of the night. Al Aliyy descends to the lowest heaven each night; make use of this time to ask, ask, and ask. The Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam said: The Lord descends every night to the lowest heaven when one-third of the night remains and says: Who will call upon Me, that I may answer Him? Who will ask of Me, that I may give him? Who will seek My forgiveness, that I may forgive him? [Al-Bukhari, Muslim]
7. Call upon Al Aliyy, using this beautiful Name in your dua‘, and ask Him with the highest aspirations for the highest Paradise without reckoning. Make it a habit to say subhanahu wa ta‘alaa‘ (glorified and exalted is He) when you mention Allah.
8. Prioritise. Is Allah really Muta‘aal in your life? You can find out by looking at where the deeds He lovingly wants you to carry out like salah are on your list. Do you fit your prayers around your daily life activities, delaying them, or do you put your prayers first, above anything else? Test your daily schedule; if your acts of worship don‘t have priority, change it and you will see how blessed, productive, and peaceful you will feel. Start and end your day by reciting the words of Al Muta‘aal.
9. Don‘t place yourself above others. You cannot do anything except through the power of Al Muta‘aal and everything that you have comes from Him. Your position with Al Muta‘aal is determined by one crucial factor: the level of your taqwa and righteousness.
O mankind, indeed We have created you from male and female and made you peoples and tribes that you may know one another. Indeed, the most noble of you in the sight of Allah is the most righteous of you. Indeed, Allah is Knowing and Acquainted. [al Hujarat, 49:13] Never place yourself above others because of your wealth, intelligence, looks, or your lineage.
10. Know that He is high, yet close.
And We have already created man and know what his soul whispers to him, and We are closer to him than [his] jugular vein [Qaaf 50:16] In times of hardship, know that He is the supreme above the Throne, but also the only One who knows exactly what you are going through, so tell Him all you feel and ask Him to help you battle your trials. Never despair. You know you should not despair in the mercy of Al Muta‘aal, however Shaytan often tricks into another kind of despair: despair in yourself. When you say Allah will never forgive me, I‘m doing so many bad things‖, you are actually lowering Him, exalted is He, to human standards of forgiveness. So next time you feel like you cannot change a certain habit, or you keep committing the same sin, call upon Al Muta‘aal and ask Him to assist you with unshakable belief in His Highness and abilities.
11. Ask Al Muta‘aal. Paradise has seven levels; the highest one is Firdaws al A‘ala, the highest level is right under the throne of Al Muta‘aal. The Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam said:
When you ask of Allah, ask Him for al Firdaws, for it is in the middle of Paradise and is the highest part of Paradise, and above it is the Throne of the Most Merciful, and from it spring forth the rivers of Paradise [Al-Bukhari, Muslim]