24) Al Waarith
This Name of Allah is mentioned in the Qur’an 3 times, all in the plural form. For example Allah says:
And indeed, it is We who give life and cause death, and We are the Inheritor. [al Hijr 15:23]
comes from the root word waratha, which means to inherit.
Allah will inherit all beings after their extinction, He is the only one who remains when all else comes to an end, the One whom all will return to, the One who has ownership of all that has ever been created Allah takes back everything that He created. Human beings inherit (e.g. when parent pass away, they leave children inheritance) but no one inherits like how Allah inherits. We belong to Allah from the very beginning and He will inherit us all back. What we as humans inherit, wasn’t even ours initially, it all belongs to Allah. Al Waarith is the One who remains after the extinction of everyone and everything. He is the only One to who all will return to. He is the sole inheritor and owner of the whole creation. Al Waarith is the supreme Heir to whom the heritage of the heavens and earth belongs.
Benefits we can learn from this Name
1. When Allah comes to inherit us, we should make sure that we are in the most perfect of states, a state that He will be pleased with. This will ensure we live our life in a good manner, so we die in a good manner so we can return back to Allah in the best ways.
2. Remember the insignificance of the dunya. When death comes, we will lose everything. Our belongings will become someone else’s. Only our deeds will remain. Wealth is used on food and is wasted, and spent on clothes that are worn out. Money that is used in the way of Allah is what is saved for us. Know that you will return to Al-Waarith so don‘t stick to worldly possessions and don‘t let them distract you from obedience to the one to whom both your possessions, yourself and your actions, will return. Don‘t look for success in wealth and status, big cars and houses, if it compromises your relationship with Allah azza wa jall even though society pushes through this concept of success. Raise your children in putting Al-Waarith first in their actions and remind yourself often that very soon you will return to Him and you won‘t be able to take any of your possessions in this world with you.
3. Say inna lillaahi wa inna ilayhi raji‘oon. Al-Waarith says:
Who, when disaster strikes them, say, indeed we belong to Allah, and indeed to Him we will return. [al Baqarah 2:156] Say this statement not only when someone passes away, but whenever a disaster or trial hits you, even if it is the loss of an object. Revive the sunnah and use this dhikr in times of loss.
4. Reflect on the ownership of Al-Waarith. Take a look around you; everything you see and don‘t see belongs to Allah. He gave you all the possessions you have your car, your house, your children, your health, and even your time. Al-Waarith says:
To Allah belongs the dominion of the Heavens and the earth and whatever is within them. And He is over all things competent. [al Maeda 5:120]
Realise Al-Waarith owns everything; nothing belongs to you, not even your own soul, and praise Him and ask Him for guidance to use your possessions to gain His pleasure. When you lose something or someone, console yourself with the fact it was Allah‘s to begin with.
25) Al Haqq
This Name of Allah is mentioned in the Qur’an 10 times. For example Allah says:
Then they His servants are returned to Allah, their true Lord. Unquestionably, His is the judgement, and He is the swiftest of accountants. [al- An’am 6:62]
Allah also says:
So high [above all] is Allah, the Sovereign, the Truth. And, [O Muhammad], do not hasten with [recitation of] the Qur’an before its revelation is completed to you, and say, “My Lord, increase me in knowledge.” [Ta Ha 20:114]
1. Something absolutely true, no doubt about it.
2. A right. Someone’s right
1. Absolutely true, without any falsehood. That this is what is exactly going to happen. Even though you cannot see Him, He exists.
2. He deserves the right of being worshipped and no one else deserves that.
Worship is only called worship when it is directed to Allah. Imam S’adi says on this: He is Haqq in zhaat and sifaat. Haqq in describing Himself and all of His characteristics are Haqq. Being true, far from falsehood. His mercy has a right, meaning His mercy is only for the people who have the right of His mercy. He made it a right for the people to attain His mercy, provision etc. It is not possible for Allah to not be able to do everything. Allah only does that which befits His Majesty. He has Characteristic of strength, might and power.
A Surah of Reality
Suratul Haaqqa (The inevitable reality) evolves around many concepts of al haqq (the truth). The first section tells us the coming of the Resurrection and the occurrence of the Hereafter is a truth which has to take place inevitably. Then the faith of the communities who denied the truth is discussed. Then Allah, Al Haqq, tells us that all men shall appear in the Court of their Lord, where no secret will stay hidden and the truth about every single person will prevail. Allah azza wajal tells us that the people who worked for the truth will be blessed with the eternal bliss of Paradise, while those who didn‘t recognise the rights of Allah and denied the truth, will be cast into Hell. Then the ultimate Word of truth is described, the Quran, brought through the true and last Messenger, the Prophet Muhammad salallahu alayhi wa sallam. And Allah, Al Haqq ends with saying the Quran is the Truth and is absolute and pure: and for those who deny it, it will be a source of deep regret. These very ayaat entered deep into the heart of Umar al Khattaab radiyallahu anhu, even when he was not yet a Muslim.
Benefits we can learn from this Name
1. Affirm belief. That all commandments, statements, rewards and punishments are true. We believe Allah is true in the absolute perfect sense. One worships Allah as though He can see Him and if not, then he knows that Allah can surely see Him. One would leave this dunya and completely surrender himself to Allah’s commandments as we would affirm that every commandment has a right, one who does it gets rewarded one who doesn’t has right of punishment. So we worship Allah knowing Jannah and Naar are haqq.
2. Person has muhabba for Allah, and knows the great right that Allah deserves. He understands the greatness and might of Allah, Al Haqq – and that He has the right to true and perfect ibadah, thus not wasting his life away worshipping that which doesn’t deserve it. Following the religion that is true and which has no doubt about it. Islam is the religion of Haqq, Prophet Muhammad sallalahu alayhi wassalam is prophet of Haqq and Allah is Al Haqq. If a person understands the meaning of Allah being Haqq he worships Allah having pure security and knowing that if we give Allah His Haqq, Allah will give us haqq by giving us jannah through His mercy.
3. Through every calamity and trial, Al Haqq has also promised believers help in times of need, victory in times of defeat. Recall His promise in times of hardship. Knowing the promise of Al Haqq is true and firmly believing in this is an amazing comfort for the troubled heart. Where standing up for the truth may bring hardship, the promise of ease is true:
Indeed, with hardship [will be] ease [ash-Sharh 94: 6]
4. Remain steadfast by knowing the reward of Al Haqq is just and true. They tried to tempt the Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam with power, but he stood by the truth and he conquered Makkah 10 years after he was forced to leave it.
5. Ask Al Haqq. It is not sufficient to just recognise the truth, it is necessary you act upon it. The same goes for evil, you can not just recognise evil, you must refrain from it. For a believer knowledge comes with action. Reflect upon this beautiful dua: O Allah! Enable me to see the Truth as Truth and give me the ability to follow it. And enable me to see the falsehood as false and give me the ability to refrain from it.
6. Don‘t be deceived Al-Haqq tells us:
And Satan will say when the matter has been concluded, ―Indeed, Allah had promised you the promise of truth. And I promised you, but I betrayed you. But I had no authority over you except that I invited you, and you responded to me. So do not blame me; but blame yourselves. I cannot be called to your aid, nor can you be called to my aid. Indeed, I deny your association of me [with Allah] before. Indeed, for the wrongdoers is a painful punishment. [Ibraheem 14:22]
7. Be truthful. Being truthful doesn‘t just mean speaking the truth; it also means seeking honesty in all your actions. It means you can never hide the truth and you should abide by the truth, even if it is against your personal interests. Al Haqq Himself instructs us:
And do not mix the truth with falsehood or conceal the truth while you know [it]. [al Baqarah 2:42]
8. The Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam, who was known as as-Saadiq al-Ameen, the truthful and trustworthy, is our true example. Advise others to speak the truth. Speaking the truth and always being honest in your dealings with others doesn‘t end just there, Allah azza wajal gives us a golden advice in Suratul ‗Asr;
By time, Indeed mankind is in loss, Except for those who have believed and done righteous deeds and advised each other to truth and advised each other to patience. [al Asr 103: 1-3]
Al Haqq and other Names
Allah says Malik ul Haqq. Why this combination? Because there are many kings who lay claim to lands, but Allah says He is the True King the real King for which there is no doubt about. The King which has the greatest right. No king on earth has the right of ibadah even if they claim that. ‘Mulk’ is Allah’s Kingdom, everything He possesses and owns, whole kingdom has a right, the whole kingdom worships Allah. Allah says:
That is because Allah is the Truth, and that which they call upon other than Him is falsehood, and because Allah is the Most High, the Grand. [al Hajj 22:62]
Why did Allah speak about creation with the Name Al-Haqq? He is telling us, you know I do all this, so why can’t you believe what I have for you in the next life.
Allah also says:
Do you not see that Allah has subjected to you whatever is on the earth and the ships which run through the sea by His command? And He restrains the sky from falling upon the earth, unless by His permission. Indeed Allah, to the people, is Kind and Merciful. [al Hajj 22:65]
All these are specific acts which only Allah can do.