An Explanation of Allahs Beautiful Names and Attributes part 11

22) Az Zhaahir 
 
This Name of Allah appears in the Qur’an on one occasion. Allah says:
He is the First and the Last, the Ascendant and the Intimate, and He is, of all things, Knowing. [al Hadeed, 57:3]
 
Linguistic meaning:
Something apparent/visible, someone who helps/aids. Someone who has manifested themselves by what is apparent. Something that is high above all things. We know Allah by things which are visible in creation, through which He has made Himself known.
Victory. Someone to whom there will always be victory to.
 
Shar’ee meaning:
All definitions from linguistic meaning have some relation to the shar’ee meaning.
Apparent/visible – reward of believers in Jannah, seeing the Face of Allah. Allah will be apparent and visible to the believers.
One who manifests himself – Allah has made Himself the ilaah of the whole creation and one can find out and have conviction that Allah is Allah, by looking at the creation of Allah and through this he will find Allah in the Name Az Zhaahir.
Someone who supports/helps – Allah has described Himself as Al-Mu’min – giver of security to the mu’mineen. He supports and helps through His Name Az Zhaahir. He is above all things. This gives great comfort to any believer, knowing that everything is under the mashee‘ (will) of Allah.
Ar-Rahman ala arsh istawa. The Most Merciful is over the Throne. Allah used the Name Ar Rahman when speaking about His Highness – being high and above everything. Everything under Him is covered in His Rahma. When we make du’a then we are doing so to one who is Ar Rahman.
Benefits we can learn from this Name
1. Allah being above everything and separate from His creation, gives us a sense of qiblah for our hearts and a direction in knowing where Allah is. And when one has this, the heart rests and has complete tranquillity in this Name. Through this Name, the believer will be granted whatever he wants. Whenever he is in a form of distress, he takes comfort in knowing that Allah is above everything he turns to Allah by looking up and his hands go up in du’a.
2. Look after your outward and inward. Not only nourish your body with food and drink and satisfying your senses, but also nourish your soul by the remembrance of Allah. Use this beautiful supplication in your daily life: O Allah! Make my inward better than my outward, and make my outward good [Abdullah ibn Umar radiyallaahu anhu]
3. Check your intention. Everything is apparent to Az-Zhaahir, whether you make it public or not. The Prophet sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam said:
The deeds are considered by the intentions, and a person will get the reward according to his intention… [Al-Bukhari Muslim]. Keep checking your intention; are you doing that deed truly for Allah? Regularly renew your intentions when you are working on the path of Allah. Remind yourself: on the Day of Judgement the smallest deeds can become big and the biggest deeds worthless depending of the intention behind them.
4. Look around to increase your praise of Az-Zhaahir Look around you, at the plants, animals and your own self and realise it is all manifested through Him only. In times when your emaan decreases, let these signs in your environment revive your faith and awe for the Manifest One and let them make you more grateful and humble. Every day take time to look outside, reflect and praise Az-Zhaahir.
5. Ask Az-Zhaahir. Even though His existence is manifest in all of the creation, we can not see Az-Zhaahir in this world. Ask Him to be able to gaze at His countenance in the Hereafter. The Prophet salallahu ‗alayhi wa sallam made this beautiful dua‘:
O Allah , I ask You for the delight of gazing at Your Countenance and the eagerness of meeting You [An-Nasaa‘i]
Commit this supplication to memory and use it as much as you can from the bottom of your heart as you are asking for the greatest delight.
23) Al – Baatin
This Name of Allah is mentioned in the Qur’an once. Allah says:
He is the First and the Last, the Ascendant and the Intimate, and He is, of all things, Knowing. [al Hadeed, 57:3]
 
Lingustic meaning: 
hidden, knowing, taking person as close companion
 
Shar’ee meaning:
we affirm His Attributes, but how exactly they are is hidden from us. We don’t know the reality of His Attributes. In the du’a of Rasoolullah sallalahu alayhi wassalm (mentioned in the section of Al Awwal), he says; You are Baatin and there is nothing more closer (doona) than you. Allah is close to the believers through this Name He takes the believers as close companions. Ibn Qayyim says: He is close to them with His knowledge, close to them in seeing and hearing and close to them in everything they do, whilst being Zhaahir – above the throne. When person understands this, it strikes fear and comfort in the believer. He hears and sees and knows everything.
And We have already created man and know what his soul whispers to him, And We are closer to him than his jugular vein.” [Qaaf 50:16]
Being close to the believers has a significant impact on helping the believers. He is fawqa [above] but at the same time He is qareeb [close]. He sees, hears and knows. This characteristic can be only given to Allah. He is zhaahir but at same time He is baatin – knows what’s happening, what has happened and what will happen. Linguistically, zhaahir and baatin are opposites where zhaahir refers to that which is manifest and apparent and baatin that which is inward and concealed. Both these opposites are united in the perfect Attributes of Allah azza wa jall, who is both Az-Zhaahir and Al-Baatin . He is the Manifest, everything becomes manifest through Him only and through His signs we know Him, yet we cannot perceive Him in this world
There is a specific characteristic of closeness to the believers. Allah says:
And cause not corruption upon the Earth after its reformation. And invoke Him in fear and aspiration. Indeed the mercy of Allah is close to the doers of good. [al A’raaf 7:56] Why is Rahma specified? Allah is the Lord of Rahma, and He rose over the Throne with Rahma and commanded the Pen to write; my mercy prevails over my wrath. Specific form of Rahma for the believers such as His forgiveness, hidayah etc. Allah is close to us when we are making du’a He is close to hearing us, close to giving us our request; He takes us as His special companions.
And When My servants ask you [O Muhammad] concerning me – Indeed I am near. I respond to the invocation of the supplicant when he calls upon me. So let them respond to Me [by obedience] and believe in Me that they may be [rightly] guided. [al Baqarah 2: 186] Make du’a to the one who is Baatin – the One who is close, and nothing is closer than Him.
 
Benefits we can learn from this Name
1. Allah is closer to everything and everyone more so than the person are to themselves. Seek comfort in Al Baatin. Whenever you feel alone, scared and distressed know that Allah is the Knower of all hidden things, including your thoughts and inner states. He is the only One who truly knows you, so talk to Him in prayer and supplication, ask Him to help you and mend you and take comfort in the fact He is unseen yet the One who knows you best. Allah is above the heavens and there is nothing above Him. The believer achieves success and happiness by knowing this Name, because he knows that support and help will come from the One who is above everything, the Possessor of the entire world. So the believer affirms everything in dunya belongs to Allah and all support/help comes from the One who is above. Thus having complete tawakkul in Allah. He affirms the whole creation is the kingdom of Allah and that Allah is the King of the whole of creation. Allah does what He wants, when He wants with full and complete right.
2. Be true inward and outward. In surah Al Hadeed Allah uses the word baatinuhoo, while describing the wall with a door that will be placed between the believers and hypocrites in the Hereafter, which interior contains mercy for the believers and zhaahiruhoo (its outside) is torment.
On the [same] Day the hypocrite men and hypocrite women will say to those who believed, “Wait for us that we may acquire some of your light.” It will be said, “Go back behind you and seek light.” And a wall will be placed between them with a door, its interior containing mercy, but on the outside of it is torment [al Hadeed 57:13] How come these people were locked out? What was their crime?
The hypocrites will call to the believers, were we not with you? They will say, Yes, but you afflicted yourselves and awaited [misfortune for us] and doubted, and wishful thinking deluded you until there came the command of Allah. And the Deceiver deceived you concerning Allah [al Hadeed, 57:14] These people pretended to be with those who truly believed and prayed with them, but they indulged themselves in all types of temptations, they had doubts about Allah‘s power and they thought easy of their sins until death came to them. This is how shaytan deceived them. The meaning here is that the believers will answer the hypocrites by saying, You were with us in bodies which were heartless and devoid of intentions. You were cast in doubt and suspicion. You were showing off for people and remembered Allah, little. [Tafseer ibn Katheer] Learn from this and carefully look at your intentions, beware of showing off and remember Allah in words and deeds so you will be of those on the right side of the wall, in Paradise.
3. Remember Al-Baatin through His signs. Even though you cannot perceive Allah azza wa jall, you can remember Him and increase your love for Him by reflecting on the things He created in and around you. Jareer Bin Abdullah al-Bajali said:
We were with the Prophet on a full moon night. He looked at the moon and said, You will certainly see your Lord as you see this moon, and there will be no trouble in seeing Him [Al-Bukhari, Muslim] Next time you see the full moon, feel the desire and think about the moment you will be able to see Al Baatin in shaa Allah. This way reflecting on the creation will be a great emaan-boost.
4. Hide your sins. The Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam said:
All of my ummah will be forgiven except those who sin openly. It is a part of sinning openly when a man does something at night, then the following morning when Allah has concealed his sin, he says, O so and so, I did such and such last night, when all night his Lord has concealed him and the next morning he uncovers what Allah had concealed  [Al-Bukhari, Muslim]
Never boast about your bad deeds to your friends, nor try to expose the bad deeds of other people who did not sin openly and tried to conceal them. When a person worships Allah with the Name Al Baatin, he affirms that Allah is qareeb; He hears, sees, knows. So the slave controls his tongue because he knows that Allah can hear and that He controls everything He does because Allah sees everything. Even when the slave is alone, he refrains from sinning because He knows Allah can see Him. Ibn Qayyim says that these 4 Names of Allah are the pillars of ilm and understanding, they are the life of the hearts of the ones who worship for which they are given success in this life and the next and eternal happiness both in this life and in the next. How does a person achieve success through this Name? Know that Allah takes friends, Allah takes as many khalil and habib as He wants. When a person makes du’a to Allah in sajdah, he is the most closest that he can be to Allah in dunya. Combine sajdah with du’a so you combine closeness with closeness and make yourself as close as you can to Allah. Allah is close to those who make du’a, who ask, who believe.
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Musings of a Muslimah

I'm a physiotherapist and hijama therapist and happily married Alhamdulillah. This blog is me writing what I learn at my classes and what goes on in my head, my way of taking some time out and reflecting and sharing my thoughts on what I see in society.

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