An Explanation of Allahs Beautiful Names and Attributes part 10

20) Al Awwal
Ibn qayyim says; There are 4 Names that are the pillars of ilm and knowing Allah (m’arifah) and that are the essence of roobobiyyah and uluhiyyah and the people worship Allah through knowing these Names. These are:
 
1) Al Awwal 2) Al Aakhir 3) Az Zhaahir 4) Al Baatin.
Evidence for these 4 Names is mentioned in the Qur’an
 
He is the First and the Last, the Ascendant and the Intimate, and He is, of all things, Knowing. [al Hadeed, 57:3]
Imam Ahmad recorded that Abu Hurayrah said that the Messenger of Allah would recite this supplication while going to bed,
O Allah, Lord of the seven heavens and Lord of the Magnificent Throne! Our Lord, and the Lord of everything, Revealer of the Tawrah, the Injil and the Furqan, the Splitter of the grain of corn and the date stone! I seek refuge with You from the evil of everything whose forhead You have control over. O Allah! You are Al-Awwal, nothing is before You; Al-Akhir, nothing is after You; Az-Zahir, nothing is above You; and Al-Batin, nothing is closer than You. Remove the burden of debt from us and free us from poverty.
 
Linguistic Meaning:
The first. The first with regards to time. It is used to describe one in the first position. The one who advances or precedes others.
 
Shar’ee meaning:
Allah subhana wa ta’ala is the first in terms of time. Nothing came before Him. There was never a time when Allah didn’t exist.
The meaning of Allah being first in Al-Awwal means: the One Whose existence has no beginning [Al-Bayhaqi] and Who existed before everything without a limit (of beginning) [Ibn Jareer At-Tabari]. Al-Awwal deserves to be the first since He existed when there was nothing before or with Him! [Al-Khattaabi] This all refers to the same meaning. The Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam said: There was Allah, and there was nothing else besides Him, and His Throne was over the water. He wrote all things in the Book (in heaven) and He created the heavens and the earth. [Al-Bukhari]
 
Benefits we can learn from this Name
1. Make Allah awwal‘ in your life. We know Allah is the first, but do you really make him awwal‘ in your daily life? The Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam said:Whoever makes the Hereafter his preoccupation, then Allah places freedom from want in his heart, gathers his affairs, and the dunya (worldly life) comes to him despite being reluctant to do so. And whoever makes the dunya his preoccupation, then Allah places his poverty in front of his eyes, make his affairs scattered, and nothing of the dunya comes to him except that which has been decreed for him.‖ [At-Tirmidhi]
Fulfilling His commandments and staying away from what He forbade should be the biggest concern of your day.
2. Be of the saabiqoon. Money perishes, positions will be lowered and people come and go, only good deeds remain. Be of the saabiqoon those who are first and
foremost in doing good deeds.
 
Then we caused to inherit the Book those We have chosen of Our servants; and among them is he who wrongs himself, and among them is he who is moderate, and among them is he who is foremost in good deeds by permission of Allah. That [inheritance] is what is the great bounty [al Faatir, 35:32]
3. Give priority to your prayer. The Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam said: The first thing one will be held accountable for on the Day of Judgment is prayer [Abu Dawud, an-Nasaa‘i, Al Hakim] Contemplate this important fact and let it motivate you to fit your daily activities around your prayer instead of fitting your prayers around your daily activities. Learn how to pray properly, understand what you say in salah, push yourself to pray on time and ask Al-Awwal to help you put your prayers first.
4. Please Him first and He will beautify you. The Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam said:
He who displeased Allah for seeking the pleasure of people, Allah is displeased with him and those people are also displeased. And he who pleases Allah, although by it he displeased people, Allah is pleased with him… Allah makes him splendid and his speech and acts in the eyes of others beautiful [Tabarani] You will never be able to please one person all the time. Focus on pleasing Allah azza wajal first in everything you do and He will give you a beautiful position in people‘s eyes in shaa Allah.
21) Aakhir
This Name of Allah appears in the Qur’an on one occasion. Allah says:
 
He is the First and the Last, the Ascendant and the Intimate, and He is, of all things, Knowing. [al Hadeed, 57:3]
 
Linguistic meaning: 
The first meaning is to be latter and to put back, the second is to postpone or to put at the end, and the third main meaning is to be final, last, and ultimate.
 
Shar’ee meaning:
The last, and there is nothing after Him. He will always be there, even after creation. There is nothing beyond Him; He is the Ultimate and will remain after the whole creation has perished. Al Aakhir is the last without having a first. He is above any descriptions. Al Aakhir is logically the first to give us guidance and the last to look after those whom He guides. He will remain the last One, with no one or nothing ever comparable to Him in essence or Attributes.
What Will Remain?
In the beautiful ayaat of Surah Ar-Rahmaan (26 and 27) Allah azza wajal says that all the residents of earth will perish and die. Even the residents of the heavens will die, except whomever Allah wills. What will remain? Only the Honourable Face of Allah, because our Lord, the Exalted, the Blessed, is the Ever Living Who never dies. Ash-Sha`bi said, When you have recited, kullu man alayhaa faa‘n (Whatsoever is on it (the earth) will perish) do not stop, continue read: wa yabqaa wajhu rabbuka dhul jalaali wal ikraam (Only your Lord, possessed of majesty and honor, shall endure for ever). [Tafseer ibn Katheer]
 
Benefits we can learn from this Name
1. Let your desire to meet Allah motivate you to perform good deeds. The Messenger of Allah salallahu alayhi wa sallam said:Whoever loves to meet Allah, Allah loves to meet him. Whoever is averse to meeting Allah, Allah is averse to meeting him [at-Tirmidhi]. When you die you will be shown a glimpse of your destiny either in Paradise or in the Hellfire, this will bring about love or dislike of your meeting with Allah. Every day think about your meeting with Allah and your standing in front of Him, and let this motivate you to do good deeds and strive against your desires so that you will be blessed with love of meeting Allah Al Aakhir. Whoever puts Allah first will never be last.
2. Give continuous charity. When you die you won‘t be able to do any good deeds anymore and you will not receive any reward for actions anymore, except for three types of deeds. Their rewards will be lasting. The Messenger of Allah salallahu alayhi wa sallam said:When a man dies, his deeds come to an end except for three things: sadaqah Jariyah (ceaseless charity); knowledge which is beneficial; or a virtuous descendant who prays for him (the deceased). [Muslim]
3. Remind yourself of the Last Day. Don‘t let a day go by without remembering the day you will be accounted for each of your deeds, no matter how insignificant you thought they were. Let remembrance of death and the day of account humble you. When the Prophet went to bed, he would put his right hand under his right cheek and say: My Lord, save me from Your punishment on the Day when You resurrect Your slaves (to be recited three times) [Abu Dawood] Memorise this supplication and write it on a note next to your bed, so you never forget to say it in shaa Allah.
4. Ask Al Aakhir for a good ending. Some people commit an act of kufr at the very end of their lives. May Allah protect us from this and Ask Al Aakhir for your last deed to be your best deed and your best day the day you meet Him. You can use this beautiful supplication say it while deeply reflecting on your own life, deeds and death:O Allah I ask you for a good end
5. Affirming that we are worshipping a Lord that came before everything and the one who was always there. His saying will be the last, last stand will be in front of Allah. Final test/trial will be in front of Allah. We would increase in our worship, and He is, of all things, Knowing.
 
If we know and acknowledge Allah as our goal, He will be the first and last in our intentions. When a person does an act of ibadah, he would have a sincere intention at the beginning of the deed and continue to have it even after he has done the deed. In our lives we should make Allah Al-Awwal in everything and we make Him first in our goal. And also we make Him last in everything. When a person worships Allah by knowing He is Awwal, he worships Him knowing He was before everything, and there was nothing before Him, knowing that He is first in His Rahma, in His provisions, in all His characteristics. The person worships a creator that deserves worship, because He was there before everything else. He affirms none has the right to be worshipped but the One who was before everything, the Creator of everything. Ibn Qayyim says: the majority of creation worship Allah with the Name Awwal. But they don’t worship Allah as being Aakhir. The ambiya and the forerunners, used to worship Allah as being Aakhir. They affirmed this. There will come a time when whole creation will perish. There will be nothing after Allah. He will gather the earth and heavens in His Hands and ask where are the kings of the world? Those who want to achieve success with the Names Awwal wal Aakhir, must affirm that this life is going to end and Allah will be the only One remaining.
Advertisements

Published by

Musings of a Muslimah

I'm a physiotherapist and hijama therapist and happily married Alhamdulillah. This blog is me writing what I learn at my classes and what goes on in my head, my way of taking some time out and reflecting and sharing my thoughts on what I see in society.

One thought on “An Explanation of Allahs Beautiful Names and Attributes part 10”

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s