An Explanation of Allahs Beautiful Names and Attributes part 13

Al Khaaliq, Al Khallāq, Al Bari, al Mussawir
These Names are truly appreciated when taken together. They are all to do with Allah having the characteristic of creating.
 
26) Al Khaaliq
This Name of Allah is mentioned in the Qur’an 8 times. It is mentioned in the singular form.
For example Allah says:
 
O mankind, remember the favor of Allah upon you. Is there any creator other than Allah who provides for you from the heaven and earth? There is no deity except Him, so how are you deluded? [al Faatir 35:3]
It is mentioned twice in the form of tafdeel – Khaliqeen. The plural khaaliqun is mentioned once. Altogether it has been mentioned 11 times.
27) Al Khallāq 
This Name of Allah appears in the Qur’an twice. Allah says:
Indeed your Lord He is the Knowing Creator [al Hijr 15:86]
Allah also says:
Is not He who created the heavens and the earth Able to create the likes of them? Yes, [it is so]; and He is the Knowing Creator. [Ya seen 36:81]
 
Linguistic meaning:
comes from root word khalaqa, meaning to create when there was nothing like it before. Both the Names have this meaning.
 
Shar’ee meaning:
Al Khataabi says; al-Khaaliq is the Name of Allah, and means Allah creating something from the very beginning, the very first thing for example, creating the pen, creating Adam. Al-Khallāq is creating everything else from that category – the exaggerated form of creating.
 
Then is He who creates like one who does not create? So will you not be reminded? [al Nahl 16:17]
 
The product of Allah
Allah azza wajal mentions in the Quran that He is ahsaanul khaaliqeen, the best of creators. This is meant metaphorically there are no other creators. When we look at tawheed our belief in the oneness of Allah we see two aspects: the unity of Allah and the unity of the creation. They are not mixed in any way. The creation is the product of Allah Al-Khaaliq. For example a chair: the cotton fabric comes from plants, the metal from rocks, and the wood from trees; all that people did is reassemble these sources into a piece of furniture. Human beings manipulate or reassemble that which already exists we cannot and will never create anything.
 
A mind-blowing argument
Most ayaat of the Quran are a reminder for those who believe in Allah azza wa jall, reminding them of Him as Creator and how to praise and be thankful to Him. In a few ayaat Al-Khaaliq powerfully presents the truth to atheists:
Or were they created by nothing, or were they the creators [of themselves]? Or did they create the heavens and the earth? Rather, they are not certain. [al Tur 52:35-36]
The argument starts with Allah azza wa jall giving the atheists a first option: if they don‘t believe in a creator then were they created from nothing? Nothing cannot produce something, that‘s the first option cancelled. Allah gives them a second option: then, did you create yourselves? If you didn‘t exist then you can‘t do any creating. Allah azza wa jall continues: did you create the heavens and the earth? Even if they claim to have created themselves, did they create the vast heavens and earth? Indeed, they are uncertain; somebody had to create them. Al-Khaaliq leaves mankind with these two options to think about. That is the logic of belief in Allah azza wa jall, and the believers should be able to convey these ayaat or verses.
 
Benefits we can learn from these Names
1. True belief in the Oneness of Allah. He created and continues to create. He is unique in being the creator. The one who creates deserves worship. The very fact that He created us and everything else is a sign that Allah deserves to be worshipped. Affirm that Allah has true control over us. Have muhabba for Him.
2. Strengthen your relationship with al-Khaaliq. If there is anything you desire, ask the One who creates everything; if you desire children ask Al-Khaaliq, but also turn to Him for the smallest matters. The Messenger of Allah salallahu alayhi wa sallam said: Each of you should ask for his needs from Allah, even if the strap of your sandal breaks, because if Allah does not facilitate it, it will never be possible. [At-Tirmidhi] No evil eye, magic, or any force on earth can prevent what Al-Khaaliq has destined to come into existence. Fir’awn tried his best to prevent Musa alayhi sallam from coming into being and growing up to destroy his kingdom, but when Al-Khaaliq decides to create something, it will be. So ask Him for all your needs and wishes.
3. Don‘t fear created things. Don‘t fear the creation, only fear the Creator. Stop fearing people‘s opinions, poverty, failure, etc., and focus on pleasing Al-Khaaliq. He will suffice for your needs. The Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam said: Whoever sought the pleasure of Allah though it was displeasing to the people then Allah becomes pleased with him, and will make the people pleased with him, and whoever sought the pleasure of the people though it was displeasing to Allah then Allah becomes displeased with him and will make the people displeased with him. [Ibn Hibban, At-Tirmidhi]
4. Don‘t call people creator. In the English language to create is also used in the senses of forming, producing, or making. However, referring to creating we must not use it for people in the sense of making something existent from nothing, calling people creator.
5. Look at nature. Allah al-Khaaliq says: [And] who created seven heavens in layers. You do not see in the creation of the Most Merciful any inconsistency. So return [your] vision [to the sky]; do you see any breaks? [al Mulk, 67:3]
And the earth We spread it out and cast therein firmly set mountains and made grow therein [something] of every beautiful kind, Giving insight and a reminder for every servant who turns [to Allah]. [Qaaf 50: 7-8] Remember Al-Khaaliq by looking at and pondering over His creation.
 
Al Khaaliq and other Names 
Allah says Khaliq al-Aleem the Knowing Creator. These Names are mentioned together because Allah created everything and knows everything that the creation is doing and all that they will do. He is the Creator and Only He knows what’s best for creation. So when He commanded or prohibited something then it‘s with His full knowledge that He has and He knows what’s good and what’s not good for the creation.
28) Al Baari’
 
This Name of Allah is mentioned in the Quran 3 times. For example Allah says:
 
He is Allah, the Creator, the Inventor, the Fashioner; to Him belong the best Names. Whatever is in the heavens and earth is exalting Him. And He is the Exalted in Might, the Wise. [al Hashr 59:24]
 
Lingustic meaning: 
something that is far away. Something that it is free from another thing. Something that could be similar. Something that differs.
 
Shar’ee meaning:
The One who makes species, likens things, puts into categories, makes things similar. When He does this, He makes it so that every single creation/species is different from one another – being far from each other. Khaaliq creates initial creation, Khallāq extended creations and Al Baari sorts out the creation.
 
Benefits we can learn from this Name:
1. Appreciate who Allah is and how great He is. Every single creation is different. For example everyone has a different fingerprint. When we understand these 4 Names, we can understand how great Allah is. Greatness in the field of creation. Perfect In everything.
2. Have firm belief in Allah as creator. A Bedouin who lived in the desert and who expressed it most eloquently, when he was asked, How do you know your Lord? He said: If you see the camel dung you know that a camel has passed this way, and if you see a footstep you know that a person has passed this way, so the heaven with its stars and the earth with its mountain passes and the oceans with their high waves all point to the existence of the All-Hearing, All-Seeing.
 
3. The Messenger of Allah salallaahu alayhi wa sallam said: There is no obedience to the creation, in disobedience to the Creator. Obedience is only in what is good. [al-Bukhari]. Be very honest with yourself and look at how many occasions in your life you‘ve actually tried to please the creation instead of pleasing al-Baari‘. Then renew your intention (niyaa) to strive for the pleasure of Him only.
4. Ponder over the creation. Look at the morning or evening sun, at tiny insects, flies, plants, and flowers. Study science and do so with the intention of pondering His creation. Also seek cure in the places Al-Baari‘ revealed to His Prophet.
29) Al Musawwir
This Name of Allah is mentioned in the Qu’ran once. Allah says:
 
He is Allah, the Creator, the Inventor, the Fashioner; to Him belong the best Names. Whatever is in the heavens and earth is exalting Him. And He is the Exalted in Might, the Wise. [al Hashr 59:24]
 
Lingustic meaning: 
to fashion, to design, to complete.
 
Shar’ee meaning:
Allah designs how each creation looks like, and fashions them and completes them in appearance inside/out. Al Musawwir gave everything its own distinct shape and inclination or desire despite the great variety of the creation every single creature is unique. Linguistically, khaaliq, baari‘, and musawwir are interrelated in meaning and deal with the aspects of Allah azza wa jall as Creator; all the rest is creation. Al-Musawwir bestows forms and not by way of copying He is far above that. Al-Musawwir says Be! and it is, with the Attributes and the form that He has chosen for it. He does what He wills and creates what He wills in the form that He wills.
 
The Relation of Al Khaaliq, Al Baari’ and Al Musawwir
In Surah al-Hashr, Al Musawwir is mentioned after al-Khaaliq (The Creator, The Maker) and al-Baari‘ (The Originator). Some scholars have said that in this ayah the attribute of creation refers specifically to Allah‘s determination of what He creates, so it comes first. The Name Al Baari‘ refers to the creative act of bringing about what Allah wills to create. Finally, the Name Al-Musawwir (the Fashioner) refers to giving each created thing its particular form. So Allah decrees what He creates, brings it into existence, and specifies its particular, unique form.
Scholars also have differentiated between these three Names as follows: Al Khaaliq is the One who created from nothing all creatures that exist, according to their decreed qualities. Al Baari‘ is the One Who made man from al-baraa, i.e., clay. Al Musawwir is the One Who creates various forms and shapes. So Al Khaaliq is a general word, Al Baari is more specific and Al Musawwir is even more specific.
 
Benefits we can learn from this Name
1. Be happy with how Al Musawwir shaped you. Allah azza wa jall says:
It is He who forms you in the wombs however He wills. There is no diety except Him, the Exalted in Might, the Wise. [Ale Imran, 3:6] Be content with how Al Musawwir shaped you by His ultimate wisdom. For example, if we were as beautiful as the Prophet Yusuf alayhi salam, would we be able to withstand the temptations he faced? When you look at yourself in the mirror, say Alhamdulillah. If Shaytan tempts you to complain about any of your facial or body features, remember those who are blind, sick, or disabled.
2. Live up to your potential. Know your position.
Indeed, We have created the human being upon the best of forms. [at Teen 95: 4] Al-Musawwir created and formed you with a particular brain, heart, face, and limbs, which differentiate us from the animals. How do you use them? You will be questioned on the Day of Judgement as to how you use your hearing, your sight, and your hearts. So use these faculties to do as many good deeds as you can and don‘t use them to harm yourself or others by sinning, nor by going to forbidden places.
3. Worship Al-Musawwir alone. Allah azza wa jall alone deserves your worship. This is the Creation of Allah.
This is the creation of Allah. So show me what those other than Him have created. Rather the wrong-doers are in clear error [Luqman 31:11] Remember this ayah when you feel tempted to turn to others for your desires instead of to Al-Musawwir.
4. Ask Al-Musawwir. Is not He Who created the heavens and the earth able to create the like of them? Yes Indeed! and He is the Superb Creator (of all), the Ever-Knowing.
His Command, is only when He intends a thing that He says to it, ‗Be‘ and it is! So exalted is He in whose hand is the realm of all things, and to Him you will be returned. [Ya Seen 36:82-83] Al-Musawwir perfected everything you see around you; don‘t you think He can solve all your problems? So remember when you supplicate: nothing is impossible for Al-Musawwir.
5. Understand the prohibition of making pictures of living creation, those with a soul. What is meant by soorah – means face as pertained in another hadith. Reason is that it could lead to shirk. Allah is Al-Mussawir so we are taking right of Allah by doing this.
Side note: The greatest comfort for the heart is Qur’an. Ayah before the Names and Attributes in Surah Hashr is one about mountain crumbling if the Qur’an was revealed on it, out of fear and awe of Allah. We should remember this when we read and listen to the Qur’an.

An Explanation of Allahs Beautiful Names and Attributes part 12

24) Al Waarith
This Name of Allah is mentioned in the Qur’an 3 times, all in the plural form. For example Allah says:
 
And indeed, it is We who give life and cause death, and We are the Inheritor. [al Hijr 15:23]
 
Linguistic meaning:
comes from the root word waratha, which means to inherit.
 
Shar’ee meaning:
Allah will inherit all beings after their extinction, He is the only one who remains when all else comes to an end, the One whom all will return to, the One who has ownership of all that has ever been created Allah takes back everything that He created. Human beings inherit (e.g. when parent pass away, they leave children inheritance) but no one inherits like how Allah inherits. We belong to Allah from the very beginning and He will inherit us all back. What we as humans inherit, wasn’t even ours initially, it all belongs to Allah. Al Waarith is the One who remains after the extinction of everyone and everything. He is the only One to who all will return to. He is the sole inheritor and owner of the whole creation. Al Waarith is the supreme Heir to whom the heritage of the heavens and earth belongs.
 
Benefits we can learn from this Name
1. When Allah comes to inherit us, we should make sure that we are in the most perfect of states, a state that He will be pleased with. This will ensure we live our life in a good manner, so we die in a good manner so we can return back to Allah in the best ways.
2. Remember the insignificance of the dunya. When death comes, we will lose everything. Our belongings will become someone else’s. Only our deeds will remain. Wealth is used on food and is wasted, and spent on clothes that are worn out. Money that is used in the way of Allah is what is saved for us. Know that you will return to Al-Waarith so don‘t stick to worldly possessions and don‘t let them distract you from obedience to the one to whom both your possessions, yourself and your actions, will return. Don‘t look for success in wealth and status, big cars and houses, if it compromises your relationship with Allah azza wa jall even though society pushes through this concept of success. Raise your children in putting Al-Waarith first in their actions and remind yourself often that very soon you will return to Him and you won‘t be able to take any of your possessions in this world with you.
3. Say inna lillaahi wa inna ilayhi raji‘oon. Al-Waarith says:
Who, when disaster strikes them, say, indeed we belong to Allah, and indeed to Him we will return. [al Baqarah 2:156] Say this statement not only when someone passes away, but whenever a disaster or trial hits you, even if it is the loss of an object. Revive the sunnah and use this dhikr in times of loss.
4. Reflect on the ownership of Al-Waarith. Take a look around you; everything you see and don‘t see belongs to Allah. He gave you all the possessions you have your car, your house, your children, your health, and even your time. Al-Waarith says:
To Allah belongs the dominion of the Heavens and the earth and whatever is within them. And He is over all things competent. [al Maeda 5:120]
Realise Al-Waarith owns everything; nothing belongs to you, not even your own soul, and praise Him and ask Him for guidance to use your possessions to gain His pleasure. When you lose something or someone, console yourself with the fact it was Allah‘s to begin with.
25) Al Haqq
This Name of Allah is mentioned in the Qur’an 10 times. For example Allah says:
Then they His servants are returned to Allah, their true Lord. Unquestionably, His is the judgement, and He is the swiftest of accountants. [al- An’am 6:62]
Allah also says:
 
So high [above all] is Allah, the Sovereign, the Truth. And, [O Muhammad], do not hasten with [recitation of] the Qur’an before its revelation is completed to you, and say, “My Lord, increase me in knowledge.” [Ta Ha 20:114]
 
Lingustic Meaning:
1. Something absolutely true, no doubt about it.
2. A right. Someone’s right
 
Shar’ee meaning:
1. Absolutely true, without any falsehood. That this is what is exactly going to happen. Even though you cannot see Him, He exists.
2. He deserves the right of being worshipped and no one else deserves that.
Worship is only called worship when it is directed to Allah. Imam S’adi says on this: He is Haqq in zhaat and sifaat. Haqq in describing Himself and all of His characteristics are Haqq. Being true, far from falsehood. His mercy has a right, meaning His mercy is only for the people who have the right of His mercy. He made it a right for the people to attain His mercy, provision etc. It is not possible for Allah to not be able to do everything. Allah only does that which befits His Majesty. He has Characteristic of strength, might and power.
A Surah of Reality
Suratul Haaqqa (The inevitable reality) evolves around many concepts of al haqq (the truth). The first section tells us the coming of the Resurrection and the occurrence of the Hereafter is a truth which has to take place inevitably. Then the faith of the communities who denied the truth is discussed. Then Allah, Al Haqq, tells us that all men shall appear in the Court of their Lord, where no secret will stay hidden and the truth about every single person will prevail. Allah azza wajal tells us that the people who worked for the truth will be blessed with the eternal bliss of Paradise, while those who didn‘t recognise the rights of Allah and denied the truth, will be cast into Hell. Then the ultimate Word of truth is described, the Quran, brought through the true and last Messenger, the Prophet Muhammad salallahu alayhi wa sallam. And Allah, Al Haqq ends with saying the Quran is the Truth and is absolute and pure: and for those who deny it, it will be a source of deep regret. These very ayaat entered deep into the heart of Umar al Khattaab radiyallahu anhu, even when he was not yet a Muslim.
 
Benefits we can learn from this Name
1. Affirm belief. That all commandments, statements, rewards and punishments are true. We believe Allah is true in the absolute perfect sense. One worships Allah as though He can see Him and if not, then he knows that Allah can surely see Him. One would leave this dunya and completely surrender himself to Allah’s commandments as we would affirm that every commandment has a right, one who does it gets rewarded one who doesn’t has right of punishment. So we worship Allah knowing Jannah and Naar are haqq.
2. Person has muhabba for Allah, and knows the great right that Allah deserves. He understands the greatness and might of Allah, Al Haqq – and that He has the right to true and perfect ibadah, thus not wasting his life away worshipping that which doesn’t deserve it. Following the religion that is true and which has no doubt about it. Islam is the religion of Haqq, Prophet Muhammad sallalahu alayhi wassalam is prophet of Haqq and Allah is Al Haqq. If a person understands the meaning of Allah being Haqq he worships Allah having pure security and knowing that if we give Allah His Haqq, Allah will give us haqq by giving us jannah through His mercy.
3. Through every calamity and trial, Al Haqq has also promised believers help in times of need, victory in times of defeat. Recall His promise in times of hardship. Knowing the promise of Al Haqq is true and firmly believing in this is an amazing comfort for the troubled heart. Where standing up for the truth may bring hardship, the promise of ease is true:
 
Indeed, with hardship [will be] ease [ash-Sharh 94: 6]
4. Remain steadfast by knowing the reward of Al Haqq is just and true. They tried to tempt the Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam with power, but he stood by the truth and he conquered Makkah 10 years after he was forced to leave it.
5. Ask Al Haqq. It is not sufficient to just recognise the truth, it is necessary you act upon it. The same goes for evil, you can not just recognise evil, you must refrain from it. For a believer knowledge comes with action. Reflect upon this beautiful dua: O Allah! Enable me to see the Truth as Truth and give me the ability to follow it. And enable me to see the falsehood as false and give me the ability to refrain from it.
6. Don‘t be deceived Al-Haqq tells us:
And Satan will say when the matter has been concluded, ―Indeed, Allah had promised you the promise of truth. And I promised you, but I betrayed you. But I had no authority over you except that I invited you, and you responded to me. So do not blame me; but blame yourselves. I cannot be called to your aid, nor can you be called to my aid. Indeed, I deny your association of me [with Allah] before. Indeed, for the wrongdoers is a painful punishment. [Ibraheem 14:22]
7. Be truthful. Being truthful doesn‘t just mean speaking the truth; it also means seeking honesty in all your actions. It means you can never hide the truth and you should abide by the truth, even if it is against your personal interests. Al Haqq Himself instructs us:
And do not mix the truth with falsehood or conceal the truth while you know [it]. [al Baqarah 2:42]
8. The Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam, who was known as as-Saadiq al-Ameen, the truthful and trustworthy, is our true example. Advise others to speak the truth. Speaking the truth and always being honest in your dealings with others doesn‘t end just there, Allah azza wajal gives us a golden advice in Suratul ‗Asr;
By time, Indeed mankind is in loss, Except for those who have believed and done righteous deeds and advised each other to truth and advised each other to patience. [al Asr 103: 1-3]
 
Al Haqq and other Names
Allah says Malik ul Haqq. Why this combination? Because there are many kings who lay claim to lands, but Allah says He is the True King the real King for which there is no doubt about. The King which has the greatest right. No king on earth has the right of ibadah even if they claim that. ‘Mulk’ is Allah’s Kingdom, everything He possesses and owns, whole kingdom has a right, the whole kingdom worships Allah. Allah says:
 
That is because Allah is the Truth, and that which they call upon other than Him is falsehood, and because Allah is the Most High, the Grand. [al Hajj 22:62]
Why did Allah speak about creation with the Name Al-Haqq? He is telling us, you know I do all this, so why can’t you believe what I have for you in the next life.
Allah also says:
 
Do you not see that Allah has subjected to you whatever is on the earth and the ships which run through the sea by His command? And He restrains the sky from falling upon the earth, unless by His permission. Indeed Allah, to the people, is Kind and Merciful. [al Hajj 22:65]
All these are specific acts which only Allah can do.

An Explanation of Allahs Beautiful Names and Attributes part 11

22) Az Zhaahir 
 
This Name of Allah appears in the Qur’an on one occasion. Allah says:
He is the First and the Last, the Ascendant and the Intimate, and He is, of all things, Knowing. [al Hadeed, 57:3]
 
Linguistic meaning:
Something apparent/visible, someone who helps/aids. Someone who has manifested themselves by what is apparent. Something that is high above all things. We know Allah by things which are visible in creation, through which He has made Himself known.
Victory. Someone to whom there will always be victory to.
 
Shar’ee meaning:
All definitions from linguistic meaning have some relation to the shar’ee meaning.
Apparent/visible – reward of believers in Jannah, seeing the Face of Allah. Allah will be apparent and visible to the believers.
One who manifests himself – Allah has made Himself the ilaah of the whole creation and one can find out and have conviction that Allah is Allah, by looking at the creation of Allah and through this he will find Allah in the Name Az Zhaahir.
Someone who supports/helps – Allah has described Himself as Al-Mu’min – giver of security to the mu’mineen. He supports and helps through His Name Az Zhaahir. He is above all things. This gives great comfort to any believer, knowing that everything is under the mashee‘ (will) of Allah.
Ar-Rahman ala arsh istawa. The Most Merciful is over the Throne. Allah used the Name Ar Rahman when speaking about His Highness – being high and above everything. Everything under Him is covered in His Rahma. When we make du’a then we are doing so to one who is Ar Rahman.
Benefits we can learn from this Name
1. Allah being above everything and separate from His creation, gives us a sense of qiblah for our hearts and a direction in knowing where Allah is. And when one has this, the heart rests and has complete tranquillity in this Name. Through this Name, the believer will be granted whatever he wants. Whenever he is in a form of distress, he takes comfort in knowing that Allah is above everything he turns to Allah by looking up and his hands go up in du’a.
2. Look after your outward and inward. Not only nourish your body with food and drink and satisfying your senses, but also nourish your soul by the remembrance of Allah. Use this beautiful supplication in your daily life: O Allah! Make my inward better than my outward, and make my outward good [Abdullah ibn Umar radiyallaahu anhu]
3. Check your intention. Everything is apparent to Az-Zhaahir, whether you make it public or not. The Prophet sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam said:
The deeds are considered by the intentions, and a person will get the reward according to his intention… [Al-Bukhari Muslim]. Keep checking your intention; are you doing that deed truly for Allah? Regularly renew your intentions when you are working on the path of Allah. Remind yourself: on the Day of Judgement the smallest deeds can become big and the biggest deeds worthless depending of the intention behind them.
4. Look around to increase your praise of Az-Zhaahir Look around you, at the plants, animals and your own self and realise it is all manifested through Him only. In times when your emaan decreases, let these signs in your environment revive your faith and awe for the Manifest One and let them make you more grateful and humble. Every day take time to look outside, reflect and praise Az-Zhaahir.
5. Ask Az-Zhaahir. Even though His existence is manifest in all of the creation, we can not see Az-Zhaahir in this world. Ask Him to be able to gaze at His countenance in the Hereafter. The Prophet salallahu ‗alayhi wa sallam made this beautiful dua‘:
O Allah , I ask You for the delight of gazing at Your Countenance and the eagerness of meeting You [An-Nasaa‘i]
Commit this supplication to memory and use it as much as you can from the bottom of your heart as you are asking for the greatest delight.
23) Al – Baatin
This Name of Allah is mentioned in the Qur’an once. Allah says:
He is the First and the Last, the Ascendant and the Intimate, and He is, of all things, Knowing. [al Hadeed, 57:3]
 
Lingustic meaning: 
hidden, knowing, taking person as close companion
 
Shar’ee meaning:
we affirm His Attributes, but how exactly they are is hidden from us. We don’t know the reality of His Attributes. In the du’a of Rasoolullah sallalahu alayhi wassalm (mentioned in the section of Al Awwal), he says; You are Baatin and there is nothing more closer (doona) than you. Allah is close to the believers through this Name He takes the believers as close companions. Ibn Qayyim says: He is close to them with His knowledge, close to them in seeing and hearing and close to them in everything they do, whilst being Zhaahir – above the throne. When person understands this, it strikes fear and comfort in the believer. He hears and sees and knows everything.
And We have already created man and know what his soul whispers to him, And We are closer to him than his jugular vein.” [Qaaf 50:16]
Being close to the believers has a significant impact on helping the believers. He is fawqa [above] but at the same time He is qareeb [close]. He sees, hears and knows. This characteristic can be only given to Allah. He is zhaahir but at same time He is baatin – knows what’s happening, what has happened and what will happen. Linguistically, zhaahir and baatin are opposites where zhaahir refers to that which is manifest and apparent and baatin that which is inward and concealed. Both these opposites are united in the perfect Attributes of Allah azza wa jall, who is both Az-Zhaahir and Al-Baatin . He is the Manifest, everything becomes manifest through Him only and through His signs we know Him, yet we cannot perceive Him in this world
There is a specific characteristic of closeness to the believers. Allah says:
And cause not corruption upon the Earth after its reformation. And invoke Him in fear and aspiration. Indeed the mercy of Allah is close to the doers of good. [al A’raaf 7:56] Why is Rahma specified? Allah is the Lord of Rahma, and He rose over the Throne with Rahma and commanded the Pen to write; my mercy prevails over my wrath. Specific form of Rahma for the believers such as His forgiveness, hidayah etc. Allah is close to us when we are making du’a He is close to hearing us, close to giving us our request; He takes us as His special companions.
And When My servants ask you [O Muhammad] concerning me – Indeed I am near. I respond to the invocation of the supplicant when he calls upon me. So let them respond to Me [by obedience] and believe in Me that they may be [rightly] guided. [al Baqarah 2: 186] Make du’a to the one who is Baatin – the One who is close, and nothing is closer than Him.
 
Benefits we can learn from this Name
1. Allah is closer to everything and everyone more so than the person are to themselves. Seek comfort in Al Baatin. Whenever you feel alone, scared and distressed know that Allah is the Knower of all hidden things, including your thoughts and inner states. He is the only One who truly knows you, so talk to Him in prayer and supplication, ask Him to help you and mend you and take comfort in the fact He is unseen yet the One who knows you best. Allah is above the heavens and there is nothing above Him. The believer achieves success and happiness by knowing this Name, because he knows that support and help will come from the One who is above everything, the Possessor of the entire world. So the believer affirms everything in dunya belongs to Allah and all support/help comes from the One who is above. Thus having complete tawakkul in Allah. He affirms the whole creation is the kingdom of Allah and that Allah is the King of the whole of creation. Allah does what He wants, when He wants with full and complete right.
2. Be true inward and outward. In surah Al Hadeed Allah uses the word baatinuhoo, while describing the wall with a door that will be placed between the believers and hypocrites in the Hereafter, which interior contains mercy for the believers and zhaahiruhoo (its outside) is torment.
On the [same] Day the hypocrite men and hypocrite women will say to those who believed, “Wait for us that we may acquire some of your light.” It will be said, “Go back behind you and seek light.” And a wall will be placed between them with a door, its interior containing mercy, but on the outside of it is torment [al Hadeed 57:13] How come these people were locked out? What was their crime?
The hypocrites will call to the believers, were we not with you? They will say, Yes, but you afflicted yourselves and awaited [misfortune for us] and doubted, and wishful thinking deluded you until there came the command of Allah. And the Deceiver deceived you concerning Allah [al Hadeed, 57:14] These people pretended to be with those who truly believed and prayed with them, but they indulged themselves in all types of temptations, they had doubts about Allah‘s power and they thought easy of their sins until death came to them. This is how shaytan deceived them. The meaning here is that the believers will answer the hypocrites by saying, You were with us in bodies which were heartless and devoid of intentions. You were cast in doubt and suspicion. You were showing off for people and remembered Allah, little. [Tafseer ibn Katheer] Learn from this and carefully look at your intentions, beware of showing off and remember Allah in words and deeds so you will be of those on the right side of the wall, in Paradise.
3. Remember Al-Baatin through His signs. Even though you cannot perceive Allah azza wa jall, you can remember Him and increase your love for Him by reflecting on the things He created in and around you. Jareer Bin Abdullah al-Bajali said:
We were with the Prophet on a full moon night. He looked at the moon and said, You will certainly see your Lord as you see this moon, and there will be no trouble in seeing Him [Al-Bukhari, Muslim] Next time you see the full moon, feel the desire and think about the moment you will be able to see Al Baatin in shaa Allah. This way reflecting on the creation will be a great emaan-boost.
4. Hide your sins. The Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam said:
All of my ummah will be forgiven except those who sin openly. It is a part of sinning openly when a man does something at night, then the following morning when Allah has concealed his sin, he says, O so and so, I did such and such last night, when all night his Lord has concealed him and the next morning he uncovers what Allah had concealed  [Al-Bukhari, Muslim]
Never boast about your bad deeds to your friends, nor try to expose the bad deeds of other people who did not sin openly and tried to conceal them. When a person worships Allah with the Name Al Baatin, he affirms that Allah is qareeb; He hears, sees, knows. So the slave controls his tongue because he knows that Allah can hear and that He controls everything He does because Allah sees everything. Even when the slave is alone, he refrains from sinning because He knows Allah can see Him. Ibn Qayyim says that these 4 Names of Allah are the pillars of ilm and understanding, they are the life of the hearts of the ones who worship for which they are given success in this life and the next and eternal happiness both in this life and in the next. How does a person achieve success through this Name? Know that Allah takes friends, Allah takes as many khalil and habib as He wants. When a person makes du’a to Allah in sajdah, he is the most closest that he can be to Allah in dunya. Combine sajdah with du’a so you combine closeness with closeness and make yourself as close as you can to Allah. Allah is close to those who make du’a, who ask, who believe.

An Explanation of Allahs Beautiful Names and Attributes part 10

20) Al Awwal
Ibn qayyim says; There are 4 Names that are the pillars of ilm and knowing Allah (m’arifah) and that are the essence of roobobiyyah and uluhiyyah and the people worship Allah through knowing these Names. These are:
 
1) Al Awwal 2) Al Aakhir 3) Az Zhaahir 4) Al Baatin.
Evidence for these 4 Names is mentioned in the Qur’an
 
He is the First and the Last, the Ascendant and the Intimate, and He is, of all things, Knowing. [al Hadeed, 57:3]
Imam Ahmad recorded that Abu Hurayrah said that the Messenger of Allah would recite this supplication while going to bed,
O Allah, Lord of the seven heavens and Lord of the Magnificent Throne! Our Lord, and the Lord of everything, Revealer of the Tawrah, the Injil and the Furqan, the Splitter of the grain of corn and the date stone! I seek refuge with You from the evil of everything whose forhead You have control over. O Allah! You are Al-Awwal, nothing is before You; Al-Akhir, nothing is after You; Az-Zahir, nothing is above You; and Al-Batin, nothing is closer than You. Remove the burden of debt from us and free us from poverty.
 
Linguistic Meaning:
The first. The first with regards to time. It is used to describe one in the first position. The one who advances or precedes others.
 
Shar’ee meaning:
Allah subhana wa ta’ala is the first in terms of time. Nothing came before Him. There was never a time when Allah didn’t exist.
The meaning of Allah being first in Al-Awwal means: the One Whose existence has no beginning [Al-Bayhaqi] and Who existed before everything without a limit (of beginning) [Ibn Jareer At-Tabari]. Al-Awwal deserves to be the first since He existed when there was nothing before or with Him! [Al-Khattaabi] This all refers to the same meaning. The Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam said: There was Allah, and there was nothing else besides Him, and His Throne was over the water. He wrote all things in the Book (in heaven) and He created the heavens and the earth. [Al-Bukhari]
 
Benefits we can learn from this Name
1. Make Allah awwal‘ in your life. We know Allah is the first, but do you really make him awwal‘ in your daily life? The Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam said:Whoever makes the Hereafter his preoccupation, then Allah places freedom from want in his heart, gathers his affairs, and the dunya (worldly life) comes to him despite being reluctant to do so. And whoever makes the dunya his preoccupation, then Allah places his poverty in front of his eyes, make his affairs scattered, and nothing of the dunya comes to him except that which has been decreed for him.‖ [At-Tirmidhi]
Fulfilling His commandments and staying away from what He forbade should be the biggest concern of your day.
2. Be of the saabiqoon. Money perishes, positions will be lowered and people come and go, only good deeds remain. Be of the saabiqoon those who are first and
foremost in doing good deeds.
 
Then we caused to inherit the Book those We have chosen of Our servants; and among them is he who wrongs himself, and among them is he who is moderate, and among them is he who is foremost in good deeds by permission of Allah. That [inheritance] is what is the great bounty [al Faatir, 35:32]
3. Give priority to your prayer. The Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam said: The first thing one will be held accountable for on the Day of Judgment is prayer [Abu Dawud, an-Nasaa‘i, Al Hakim] Contemplate this important fact and let it motivate you to fit your daily activities around your prayer instead of fitting your prayers around your daily activities. Learn how to pray properly, understand what you say in salah, push yourself to pray on time and ask Al-Awwal to help you put your prayers first.
4. Please Him first and He will beautify you. The Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam said:
He who displeased Allah for seeking the pleasure of people, Allah is displeased with him and those people are also displeased. And he who pleases Allah, although by it he displeased people, Allah is pleased with him… Allah makes him splendid and his speech and acts in the eyes of others beautiful [Tabarani] You will never be able to please one person all the time. Focus on pleasing Allah azza wajal first in everything you do and He will give you a beautiful position in people‘s eyes in shaa Allah.
21) Aakhir
This Name of Allah appears in the Qur’an on one occasion. Allah says:
 
He is the First and the Last, the Ascendant and the Intimate, and He is, of all things, Knowing. [al Hadeed, 57:3]
 
Linguistic meaning: 
The first meaning is to be latter and to put back, the second is to postpone or to put at the end, and the third main meaning is to be final, last, and ultimate.
 
Shar’ee meaning:
The last, and there is nothing after Him. He will always be there, even after creation. There is nothing beyond Him; He is the Ultimate and will remain after the whole creation has perished. Al Aakhir is the last without having a first. He is above any descriptions. Al Aakhir is logically the first to give us guidance and the last to look after those whom He guides. He will remain the last One, with no one or nothing ever comparable to Him in essence or Attributes.
What Will Remain?
In the beautiful ayaat of Surah Ar-Rahmaan (26 and 27) Allah azza wajal says that all the residents of earth will perish and die. Even the residents of the heavens will die, except whomever Allah wills. What will remain? Only the Honourable Face of Allah, because our Lord, the Exalted, the Blessed, is the Ever Living Who never dies. Ash-Sha`bi said, When you have recited, kullu man alayhaa faa‘n (Whatsoever is on it (the earth) will perish) do not stop, continue read: wa yabqaa wajhu rabbuka dhul jalaali wal ikraam (Only your Lord, possessed of majesty and honor, shall endure for ever). [Tafseer ibn Katheer]
 
Benefits we can learn from this Name
1. Let your desire to meet Allah motivate you to perform good deeds. The Messenger of Allah salallahu alayhi wa sallam said:Whoever loves to meet Allah, Allah loves to meet him. Whoever is averse to meeting Allah, Allah is averse to meeting him [at-Tirmidhi]. When you die you will be shown a glimpse of your destiny either in Paradise or in the Hellfire, this will bring about love or dislike of your meeting with Allah. Every day think about your meeting with Allah and your standing in front of Him, and let this motivate you to do good deeds and strive against your desires so that you will be blessed with love of meeting Allah Al Aakhir. Whoever puts Allah first will never be last.
2. Give continuous charity. When you die you won‘t be able to do any good deeds anymore and you will not receive any reward for actions anymore, except for three types of deeds. Their rewards will be lasting. The Messenger of Allah salallahu alayhi wa sallam said:When a man dies, his deeds come to an end except for three things: sadaqah Jariyah (ceaseless charity); knowledge which is beneficial; or a virtuous descendant who prays for him (the deceased). [Muslim]
3. Remind yourself of the Last Day. Don‘t let a day go by without remembering the day you will be accounted for each of your deeds, no matter how insignificant you thought they were. Let remembrance of death and the day of account humble you. When the Prophet went to bed, he would put his right hand under his right cheek and say: My Lord, save me from Your punishment on the Day when You resurrect Your slaves (to be recited three times) [Abu Dawood] Memorise this supplication and write it on a note next to your bed, so you never forget to say it in shaa Allah.
4. Ask Al Aakhir for a good ending. Some people commit an act of kufr at the very end of their lives. May Allah protect us from this and Ask Al Aakhir for your last deed to be your best deed and your best day the day you meet Him. You can use this beautiful supplication say it while deeply reflecting on your own life, deeds and death:O Allah I ask you for a good end
5. Affirming that we are worshipping a Lord that came before everything and the one who was always there. His saying will be the last, last stand will be in front of Allah. Final test/trial will be in front of Allah. We would increase in our worship, and He is, of all things, Knowing.
 
If we know and acknowledge Allah as our goal, He will be the first and last in our intentions. When a person does an act of ibadah, he would have a sincere intention at the beginning of the deed and continue to have it even after he has done the deed. In our lives we should make Allah Al-Awwal in everything and we make Him first in our goal. And also we make Him last in everything. When a person worships Allah by knowing He is Awwal, he worships Him knowing He was before everything, and there was nothing before Him, knowing that He is first in His Rahma, in His provisions, in all His characteristics. The person worships a creator that deserves worship, because He was there before everything else. He affirms none has the right to be worshipped but the One who was before everything, the Creator of everything. Ibn Qayyim says: the majority of creation worship Allah with the Name Awwal. But they don’t worship Allah as being Aakhir. The ambiya and the forerunners, used to worship Allah as being Aakhir. They affirmed this. There will come a time when whole creation will perish. There will be nothing after Allah. He will gather the earth and heavens in His Hands and ask where are the kings of the world? Those who want to achieve success with the Names Awwal wal Aakhir, must affirm that this life is going to end and Allah will be the only One remaining.