18) Al Hayy
This Name of Allah is mentioned in the Qur’an 5 times. For example Allah says:
Allah – there is no deity except Him, the Ever-Living, the Sustainer of [all] existence. Neither drowsiness overtakes Him nor sleep. To Him belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is on the earth. Who is it that can intercede with Him except by His permission? He knows what is [presently] before them and what will be after them, and they encompass not a thing of His knowledge except for what He wills. His Kursi extends over the heavens and the earth, and their preservation tires Him not. And He is the Most High, the Most Great. [al Baqarah, 2:255]
opposite to death, furthest away from death.
Ever living. Alive and never ever dies. Not permissible for Him to die or feel the anguish of death. Always alive. A Lord, that is always there, One who isn’t far away. Ayatul kursi gives an example that He doesn’t sleep or rest this is mentioned because sleep is a type of death.
He is the Ever-Living; there is no deity except Him, so call upon Him, [being] sincere to Him in religion. [All] praise is [due] to Allah , Lord of the worlds. [al Ghafir 40:65]
Allah also says:
Everything upon the earth will perish, And there will remain the face of your Lord Owner of Majesty and Honour. [ar Rahman, 55: 26-27]
Ibn Taymiyyah mentions, that the Name of Allah Al-Hayy is the Name that all other Names return back to, for Allah to be able to do everything He does, He has to be Al-Hayy – the One who is ever living and who will never die.
Benefits that we can learn from this Name
1. Allah possesses perfect form of being Al-Hayy. Knowing Allah is al Mu’min and Al-Hayy comforts the hearts of the believers because they know that the One who is going to help them, and support and protect them is always alive and will never die. He is always there. Allah is the only One who is Ever Living. No one else will be ever living. We are all going to die. Affirm the fact that we are all going to die and thus our eemaan in worshipping Allah will increase.
2. Rely upon the Ever-Living.
And rely upon the Ever-Living who does not die, and exalt with His praise and sufficient is He to be, with the sins of His slaves, Acquainted. [al Furqan, 25:58]
Each source of our problems and distress lies in this world, whether it is money, or family or other things, but these will all perish one day. This ayah gives us a beautiful reflection: while you put your trust in Allah, really realise how great the One is in who you trust. Use your imagination, go back in time for 100 years, 1000 years, a million or a billion years and Allah was alive. In the same way think about the future, so feel the glory that belongs to Him. Hearts become enveloped in pure tawakkul of Allah. Allah will always help the mu’minoon. Our Lord who has promised to help and protect us is always alive.
3. Recite Ayatul Kursi after each prayer and before going to sleep . In this greatest ayah of the Quran the Name Al-Hayy is mentioned and many virtues are narrated about ayatul Kursi. In each sentence one or two Attributes of Allah are mentioned: Every time you recite this ayah reflect on the Attributes of Allah and how they all emerge from His perfect Life: He is Al-Hayy. Ask Al-Hayy. When the Prophet salallahu ‗alayhi wa sallam was faced with a serious difficulty, he would say:O Ever-Living One, O Self-Existing One, By Your mercy I seek help
4. Be comforted by Al-Hayy and turn to Him only when you lose things around you and know that He will always be there. When you are treated unjustly and see injustice around you, do your best to help according to the laws of Al-Hayy but also know that the injustice of every single person will be a cause of failure in the Hereafter. So guard yourself from doing injustice as well.
And [all] faces will be humbled before the Ever-Living, the Sustainer of existence. And he will have failed who carries injustice. [Ta Ha, 20:111]
5. Turn to Al-Hayy for daily-life guidance. The Prophet salallahu ‗alayhi wa sallam once mentioned to Faatimah radiyallaahu ‗anha to recite the following supplication morning and evening:
O Ever-Living One, O Self-Existing One, I seek assistance through the means of your mercy, correct for me all my affairs and do not entrust me to my nafs (myself) for the moment of a blink of an eye [An-Nasaa‘i]
19) Al Qayyum
This Name of Allah is mentioned in the Qur’an 3 times and each time it is mentioned with the Name Al Hayy. Allah mentions it in Surah Baqarah 2: 255 (see al-Hayy above)
Allah also says:
Allah – there is no deity except Him, the ever living, the sustainer of all existence. [ale Imran 3: 2]
And Allah also says:
And [all] faces will be humbled before the Ever-Living, the Sustainer of existence. And he will have failed who carries injustice.[Ta Ha, 20:111]
· Al azzam – means to resolve.
· Qiyaam – the provider, protector.
· Nuhafidha – protect thibat – grant security/provisions.
Al Qatadah says: Al-Qayyum means one who stands over His creation, looks after their actions, provides for them, takes care of them. One who is completely alive, who sustains Himself and doesn’t need anyone to look after Him and He sustains everyone else. Al-Hayy is the asl from which all the Names of Allah emanate/stem from. Al-Qayyum is the Name from which all of the Characteristics of Allah stem from.
The Perfect Life Al-Hayy is most often combined with the Name Al-Qayyum, the Sustainer. This is a beautiful combination of the perfection of Allah‘s Attributes and His Actions. Al-Hayy means the One who possesses the perfect living and so all His Attributes are perfect: His hearing, His sight, His Beauty etc. Man‘s life is imperfect from all sides: our hearing, sight, speech and actions are all imperfect. All the Attributes of Allah are perfect, because any deficiency in Attributes would come from weakness of life and His life is perfect.
Benefits we can learn from this Name
1. Establish salah. Aqeemoo as-salah. Al-Qayyum instructs you many times in the Quran to establish the prayer. But do you really establish your salah in your daily life, or do you fit your prayers around your daily routine?
One of the sahaabah asked: What is the thing that Allah loves most? The Prophet said:The thing that Allah loves most is when his people pray salah on time. [Al Bukhari] Fit your daily activities around your salah and not your salah around your daily activities. Focus on praying your salah on time for a week and see the difference in your emaan.
2. Recite surah Al-Ikhlaas often. This surah contains a beautiful description of Allah, His Oneness and His self-existing and sustaining Attributes.
The Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam heard a man reciting Qul huwa Allaahu ahad, and said, It is his right. They asked, O Messenger of Allaah, what is his right? He said, Paradise is his right. [Ahmad] He salallahu alayhi wa sallam also said:Whoever recites Qul huwa Allaahu ahad ten times, Allaah will build for him a house in Paradise. [Saheeh al-Jaami al-Sagheer] So recite it whenever you can: whenever you have a spare moment, fill it with recitation of surah al-Ikhlaas.
3. Help sustain the needy. The Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam said: If you love the poor and bring them near you Allah will bring you near Him on the Day of Resurrection. [At-Tirmidhi]
4. Humble yourself. We have no reason to ever be arrogant, and this Name should humble us. When you were born your parents needed to do everything for you; you could not even sit by yourself. As you grow, developing your intellect and body, you become less dependent on your parents. Then your body and mind starts decreasing in strength, and you go back to the beginning where others need to take care of you again. Even when you feel strong, still remember you are completely dependant on Al-Qayyum.
5. Help in the cause of Islam. Even though Al-Qayyum does not need any of us, nor does He need food, drink or sleep, He made you a beautiful promise in the Qur’an:O you who believe! If you support Allah, He will support you and plant firmly your feet. [Muhammad, 47:7] This means you should do your best to help in the cause of Allah‘s Deen, for Al-Qayyum is the One Who is in full charge of all things. Ask Him to make you of those who help the Deen by spreading the message of the Quran, living out the sunnah, teaching and helping others.
6. Think about the Day of Standing. The Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam said, You will surely stand before Allah, no screen between Him and you, no interpreter to translate for you. Then He will say, Did I not bring you wealth?‘ He will say, Yes.‘ Then He will say, Did I not send you a Messenger?‘ He will say, Yes.‘ Then he will look to his right and left and see nothing but Hell. So protect yourselves from it even with half a date (in charity), and if not then with a kind word. [Al-Bukhari] Daily, remind yourself about this moment and make sure you do a deed of charity each day, even if it‘s a kind word to someone.
7. Stand in the night. Rasoolullah sallalahu alayhi wassalam said;The best prayer after the obligatory ones is the night prayer. [Muslim]. Abu Sulaimaan Ad-Daaraanie said, Those who pray in the night enjoy when they are observing their night prayer more than what the people of pastime and fun enjoy from their pastime. If not because of the night, I would not have loved to remain in this world. When Umar was dying, he said I do not grieve on anything of this life except the night prayer. Some people think only those who have strong emaan can pray and they are not good enough, but in fact qiyaam ul layl is the opportunity for those who feel far away from Allah to become closer to Him, so go for it and motivate others to gain extra reward.
Benefits we can learn from these Names together
1. Greatest phrase is these mightiest Names put together after Allah. Al Hayy al Qayyum. Most perfect du’a mentioned in Hadith where a bedouin called upon Allah by most mightiest Name and phrase. Ya Allah, Ya Hayyul Qayyum. Reason is because the asl in Allah describing Himself comes from Al Hayy Al Qayyum this is where all sifat/actions stem from. So by calling upon Al Hayyul Qayyum, one is calling Allah by all His Names and Attributes in this phrase.
2. Deserves muhabba and praise and glorification and worship. Allah sustains Himself and He doesn’t need anything and He sustains the entire creation. We should make du’a with the Names of Allah. Abu Alaa Al Hadrami, may Allah be pleased with him, used to pray: “O All-Knower, All-Wise, the Most High, the Most Great!” His supplications were responded to. On an expedition one day, He and His army pursued the enemy till they got to the sea, which takes an entire day to cross. They didn’t have boats to do so. So he said lets make du’a to Allah and ask Allah to give us protection as we are mujahideen in His path. He said bismillah and they started to walk over the water. The water only got to the ankles of their horses. And the ones who were walking, only their feet got wet. They reached the enemy, defeated them, and they then came back and this all happened in one day. This is narrated by Ibn Kathir and At Tabari This is the power of du‘a, the weapon of the believer.