9) As Salaam
This Name of Allah is mentioned in the Qu’ran once. Allah says:
He is Allah, other than whom there is no deity, the Sovereign, the Pure, the Perfection, the Bestower of Faith, the Overseer, the Exalted in Might, the Compeller, the Superior. Exalted is Allah above whatever they associate with Him. [al – Hashr 59: 23]
This Name is also mentioned in Hadith, in the du’a to say after completing salah ―Allahumma antas salaam. Indeed Allah is the one who is As-Salaam.
1. To disown, or to be free from. Scholars of lugha say Jannah is called Darus-Salaam, because it is free from all evil. Allah is free from every form of evil and deficiency.
2. Aman, security; opposite of khauff. He is free from all types of defects and evil and to Him belongs ultimate and pure peace. Another reason why Jannah is called Darus-salaam is that it is a place of ultimate peace and security. ―Ud khulu ha bisalaam ―enter with peace and security. [al Qaaf 50:34] Allah has granted Jannah, salaam, and everyone who wants salaam – security. Allah has sifat of salaam (He is free from defects and ultimate source of peace/security) and also He grants this security to people.
Similar to Al-Quddus – Allah is free from everything evil from past and present. As-Salaam is free from all types of evil from the future. Ar Raazi says that ―Al Quddus is an indication towards Him being free from every imperfection in the past and the present whereas As Salaam indicates that not a single defect will come upon Him in the future; for the one who ends up having even a blemish of a defect, his perfection goes away and he no longer remains safe.‖ Al Bayhaqi says: He is the One who is free from every form of deficiency. Free from evil and He doesn’t accept this from His creation. He is the one that has granted the believers security in 2 respects;
1) General: promised it for the whole of creation, things that can happen in this world, e.g. security from the sun etc.
2) Specific: provides security for the mu’minoon, security of their hearts and souls in dunya and aakhirah.
Ibn Qayyim says in his poem nooniyah: He is As-Salaam, a literal form of being saalim, pure from any defects. He is As-Salaam in all His Names and Attributes. He is Salaam in His Characteristics and in His Commands and Prohibitions. He will give your hearts security from all doubts and evil from shaytaan.
Benefits that we can learn from this Name
1. Know that it is Allah that provides peace and security and eternal happiness. Source of peace is Allah. Submit to Him. Surrender to As-Salaam so you can be secure. If you submit– Islam— you will get Allah‘s salaam. Believing is to follow the
guidance and do the actions (deeds).
For them therein is fruit, and for them is whatever they request [or wish] [And] ―Peace,‖ a word from a Merciful Lord. [Ya Seen 36: 57-58]
Continually remind yourself of Darus-Salaam so you will strive to do as many good deeds as possible in order to receive the salaam of Allah and be safe and secure in Paradise.
2. From the ways we can enter Jannah is by spreading salaam. Rasoolullah sallalahu alayhi wassalam said: ―You will not enter Paradise until you believe, and you will not believe until you love one another. Shall I not tell you about something which, if you do it, you will love one another? Spread salaam amongst yourselves. [Muslim] Spreading salam, strengthens ties and unity amongst Muslims.
3. Strive for a clean heart. The Prophet salallahu ‗alayhi wa sallam said:
Indeed, Allah does not look to your faces and your wealth but He looks to your hearts and to your deeds. [Muslim]. Just like you are alert for physical diseases, constantly assess your heart for diseases like lying, back biting, swearing, hypocrisy, jealousy, showing off, etc, and seek cure for them in the Quran and Sunnah as all that matters is that you arrive to al-Quddus with ‗qalbun saleem‘— a sound heart.
4. Be patient in trials.
No disaster strikes except by permission of Allah. And whoever believes in Allah- He will guide his heart. And Allah is Knowing of all things. [at Taghabun 64:11]
Show patience and perseverance in hard times and As-Salaam will give you peace inside: your heart will have salaam, a feeling of well being, serenity, and peace.
5. Ask As-Salaam. When you are very worried, supplicate to Allah ‗azza wajal by this Name. You can say, Allahumma antas Salaam (O Allah, You are As-Salaam), save me from this or ask for the safety of others. Ask As-Salaam to make Islam your safe harbour and to bring peace to your heart.
Side note: meaning of Islam comes from the word taslama – to submit. By being in Islam you have secured yourself in the Rahma of Allah. Salaam – Being in Islam, be of those who are granted peace in life of dunya and aakhirah. Attains Qalbun saleem, a heart with no doubts, one which is secure from doubts. Every created thing in its asl is correct, permissible, pure, clean. For example; Speech, intimacy, money. Person makes it into an evil action when it is used/done outside the shari’ah of Allah, in an incorrect way.
10) Al Mu’min
This Name appears in Qur’an once. Allah says:
He is Allah, other than whom there is no deity, the Sovereign, the Pure, the Perfection, the Bestower of Faith, the Overseer, the Exalted in Might, the Compeller, the Superior. Exalted is Allah above whatever they associate with Him. [al Hashr 59:23]
He Mentions Al Mu’min before Al Muhaymin and after As Salam.
1) At Tasbeeq – to speak the truth, to testify, to be witness to.
2) Al Aman – security, opposite of khauff, support, help, protection Wa hadhal baladil ameen, – this is a city of security.
The word Al Mu’minoon comes from the meaning of tasbeeq. The Mu’minoon have affirmed/spoke of belief in Allah.
What does Al-Mu’min mean from the meaning of At Tasbeeq?
· Whatever Al Mu’min says, He is promising you that it is the truth. Testifies regarding none worthy of worship except Allah. No better being to testify, to affirm than Allah Himself. He is perfect in His testifying and affirming.
· He has sent to us Prophets and Messengers, sent to us a guide to follow, commands and prohibitions. On Yawmal qiyyamah, He will testify that you did your actions. He will be a witness to all your actions.
Ibn Qayyim says: Musadiq Allah is the one who speaks and testifies. He sent Messengers with their revelations, taught us and commanded us how to live this life. There is no greater testimony than that of Allah’s. From the meaning of aman, He is the protector of the believers and they need no other protector.
Benefits we can learn from this Name
1. Have tawakkul in Al Mu’min. He is telling us that He loves us, loves those who testify that He is the one God and Muhammad is His Messenger. Regardless whatever happens, whatever trial and tribulation, Al Mu’min will help you and support you. We must have husn al dhan (good thinking) about Allah. Thinking bad about Allah is when you believe you won‘t be able to come out of a trial that Allah has afflicted on you. Every calamity that befalls you, know that Al Mu’min is there to help and support you, and you are someone that He loves. This instils in the hearts of the believers love of Allah and comfort knowing that we have a Lord who is safe-guarding the Muslims. It gives our hearts comfort.
2. Believe in Allah and His messengers. Have eemaan, which is your belief in Allah combined with action in following His commands and staying away from His prohibitions, and you will receive His aman (security) in this world and the next.
Whoever comes [at judgement] with a good deed will have better than it, and they , from the terror of that day will be safe. [an Naml 27:89]
So read the Qur’an often, give sadaqah, and focus on your prayers so Al-Mu’min will give you safety on the Day of Judgement.
3. Believe in the promises of Al Mu’min. We have a sense of security knowing that Allah, who only speaks truth, told us about Jannah and Jahannam. This strengthens our eemaan. We don’t need someone else to testify to this.. The people of Paradise will say:
And they will say, ―Praise to Allah, who has fulfilled for us His promise and made us inherit the earth [so] we may settle in Paradise wherever we will. And excellent is the reward of the [righteous] workers.‖ [az Zumar 39:74]
Believe that the promise of Al-Mumin will always come true. For example His promise is that sadaqah will not decrease wealth, so trust in this fact and fulfil your promises to your best ability.
4. Have patience. Have patience upon the afflictions that Allah has decreed for His creation. The Mu’min knows Allah is Ar-Raheem, Al Hakeem and that Al Mu’min will help them come out of the affliction they may be in. Ask Al-Mu’min for aman in difficult situations. Al-Mu’min is the only source of aman so ask only Him to grant you safety, as the Prophet salallahu ‗alayhi wa sallam said to Abu Bakr radiyallahu ‗anhu:―Do not grieve, indeed Allah is with us.‖ No matter how hard the situation, have emaan and ask Al-Mu’min to give you aman– peace and security— in your heart. Attain peace and tranquillity in the heart.
5. Allah is our helper, so we should help others too e.g. the neighbour, brother. ―Allah will help His slave so long as he helps his brother. Take care of trusts. The Prophet salallahu ‗alayhi wa sallam said:
―The believer is one from whose tongue and hand the believers are safe and: The believer is one in whom the people would entrust their blood and wealth. [At-Tirmidhi] An example is to make sure you don‘t harm others by your tongue through back-biting. The Prophet salallahu ‗alayhi wa sallam was called al-ameen, the trustworthy one, strive to be known for your trustworthiness. Return amaanaat (trusts) safely, such as borrowed items or even by keeping secrets entrusted to you. Umar ibn al-Khattab radiyallahu ‗anhu said: If your brother mentions something to you in private, then walks away, it is an amaanah (trust) even if he didn‘t instruct you not to inform anyone. [Ibn Muflih‘s Adaab Ash-Sharee‘ah] Your body is also an amaanah given to you by Allah ‗azza wa jall, so make an effort to use it in the right way.
6. Be thankful for your safety. Reflect on the blessing of security and safety.
Let them worship the Lord of this House, Who has fed them, [saving them] from hunger and made them safe, [saving them] from fear. [Quraysh 106:3-4]
If Al-Mu‘min gave you a safe place to live and work, show your thankfulness; many are not in this position and teach children to recognize this favour upon them.
7. Ask Al-Mu’min to bless you with emaan until your last breath and to adorn you with the characteristics of the mu‘minoon (believers) as mentioned in the Quran and Sunnah and in turn study these features so you can work on adopting them. When you are scared, turn to Al-Mu’min for safety. When your emaan is low ask Him to strengthen it. The Prophet salallahu ‗alayhi wa sallam taught this supplication (part of the full supplication mentioned in the morning and evening remembrance:
O Allah, veil my weaknesses and set at ease my dismay grant me aman
[Ibn Maajah, Abu Dawud]