An Explanation of Allahs Beautiful Names and Attributes part 9

18) Al Hayy
This Name of Allah is mentioned in the Qur’an 5 times. For example Allah says:
Allah – there is no deity except Him, the Ever-Living, the Sustainer of [all] existence. Neither drowsiness overtakes Him nor sleep. To Him belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is on the earth. Who is it that can intercede with Him except by His permission? He knows what is [presently] before them and what will be after them, and they encompass not a thing of His knowledge except for what He wills. His Kursi extends over the heavens and the earth, and their preservation tires Him not. And He is the Most High, the Most Great. [al Baqarah, 2:255]
Linguistic Meaning:
opposite to death, furthest away from death.
Shar’ee meaning:
Ever living. Alive and never ever dies. Not permissible for Him to die or feel the anguish of death. Always alive. A Lord, that is always there, One who isn’t far away. Ayatul kursi gives an example that He doesn’t sleep or rest this is mentioned because sleep is a type of death.
Allah says:
He is the Ever-Living; there is no deity except Him, so call upon Him, [being] sincere to Him in religion. [All] praise is [due] to Allah , Lord of the worlds. [al Ghafir 40:65]
Allah also says:
Everything upon the earth will perish, And there will remain the face of your Lord Owner of Majesty and Honour. [ar Rahman, 55: 26-27]
Ibn Taymiyyah mentions, that the Name of Allah Al-Hayy is the Name that all other Names return back to, for Allah to be able to do everything He does, He has to be Al-Hayy – the One who is ever living and who will never die.
Benefits that we can learn from this Name
1. Allah possesses perfect form of being Al-Hayy. Knowing Allah is al Mu’min and Al-Hayy comforts the hearts of the believers because they know that the One who is going to help them, and support and protect them is always alive and will never die. He is always there. Allah is the only One who is Ever Living. No one else will be ever living. We are all going to die. Affirm the fact that we are all going to die and thus our eemaan in worshipping Allah will increase.
2. Rely upon the Ever-Living.
And rely upon the Ever-Living who does not die, and exalt with His praise and sufficient is He to be, with the sins of His slaves, Acquainted. [al Furqan, 25:58]
Each source of our problems and distress lies in this world, whether it is money, or family or other things, but these will all perish one day. This ayah gives us a beautiful reflection: while you put your trust in Allah, really realise how great the One is in who you trust. Use your imagination, go back in time for 100 years, 1000 years, a million or a billion years and Allah was alive. In the same way think about the future, so feel the glory that belongs to Him. Hearts become enveloped in pure tawakkul of Allah. Allah will always help the mu’minoon. Our Lord who has promised to help and protect us is always alive.
3. Recite Ayatul Kursi after each prayer and before going to sleep . In this greatest ayah of the Quran the Name Al-Hayy is mentioned and many virtues are narrated about ayatul Kursi. In each sentence one or two Attributes of Allah are mentioned: Every time you recite this ayah reflect on the Attributes of Allah and how they all emerge from His perfect Life: He is Al-Hayy. Ask Al-Hayy. When the Prophet salallahu ‗alayhi wa sallam was faced with a serious difficulty, he would say:O Ever-Living One, O Self-Existing One, By Your mercy I seek help
4. Be comforted by Al-Hayy and turn to Him only when you lose things around you and know that He will always be there. When you are treated unjustly and see injustice around you, do your best to help according to the laws of Al-Hayy but also know that the injustice of every single person will be a cause of failure in the Hereafter. So guard yourself from doing injustice as well.
And [all] faces will be humbled before the Ever-Living, the Sustainer of existence. And he will have failed who carries injustice. [Ta Ha, 20:111]
5. Turn to Al-Hayy for daily-life guidance. The Prophet salallahu ‗alayhi wa sallam once mentioned to Faatimah radiyallaahu ‗anha to recite the following supplication morning and evening:
O Ever-Living One, O Self-Existing One, I seek assistance through the means of your mercy, correct for me all my affairs and do not entrust me to my nafs (myself) for the moment of a blink of an eye [An-Nasaa‘i]
19) Al Qayyum
This Name of Allah is mentioned in the Qur’an 3 times and each time it is mentioned with the Name Al Hayy. Allah mentions it in Surah Baqarah 2: 255 (see al-Hayy above)
Allah also says:
Allah – there is no deity except Him, the ever living, the sustainer of all existence. [ale Imran 3: 2]
And Allah also says:
And [all] faces will be humbled before the Ever-Living, the Sustainer of existence. And he will have failed who carries injustice.[Ta Ha, 20:111]
Linguistic Meanings
· Al azzam – means to resolve.
· Qiyaam – the provider, protector.
· Nuhafidha – protect thibat – grant security/provisions.
Shar’ee meaning:
Al Qatadah says: Al-Qayyum means one who stands over His creation, looks after their actions, provides for them, takes care of them. One who is completely alive, who sustains Himself and doesn’t need anyone to look after Him and He sustains everyone else. Al-Hayy is the asl from which all the Names of Allah emanate/stem from. Al-Qayyum is the Name from which all of the Characteristics of Allah stem from.
The Perfect Life Al-Hayy is most often combined with the Name Al-Qayyum, the Sustainer. This is a beautiful combination of the perfection of Allah‘s Attributes and His Actions. Al-Hayy means the One who possesses the perfect living and so all His Attributes are perfect: His hearing, His sight, His Beauty etc. Man‘s life is imperfect from all sides: our hearing, sight, speech and actions are all imperfect. All the Attributes of Allah are perfect, because any deficiency in Attributes would come from weakness of life and His life is perfect.
Benefits we can learn from this Name
1. Establish salah. Aqeemoo as-salah. Al-Qayyum instructs you many times in the Quran to establish the prayer. But do you really establish your salah in your daily life, or do you fit your prayers around your daily routine?
One of the sahaabah asked: What is the thing that Allah loves most? The Prophet said:The thing that Allah loves most is when his people pray salah on time. [Al Bukhari] Fit your daily activities around your salah and not your salah around your daily activities. Focus on praying your salah on time for a week and see the difference in your emaan.
2. Recite surah Al-Ikhlaas often. This surah contains a beautiful description of Allah, His Oneness and His self-existing and sustaining Attributes.
The Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam heard a man reciting Qul huwa Allaahu ahad, and said, It is his right. They asked, O Messenger of Allaah, what is his right? He said, Paradise is his right. [Ahmad] He salallahu alayhi wa sallam also said:Whoever recites Qul huwa Allaahu ahad ten times, Allaah will build for him a house in Paradise. [Saheeh al-Jaami al-Sagheer] So recite it whenever you can: whenever you have a spare moment, fill it with recitation of surah al-Ikhlaas.
3. Help sustain the needy. The Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam said: If you love the poor and bring them near you Allah will bring you near Him on the Day of Resurrection. [At-Tirmidhi]
4. Humble yourself. We have no reason to ever be arrogant, and this Name should humble us. When you were born your parents needed to do everything for you; you could not even sit by yourself. As you grow, developing your intellect and body, you become less dependent on your parents. Then your body and mind starts decreasing in strength, and you go back to the beginning where others need to take care of you again. Even when you feel strong, still remember you are completely dependant on Al-Qayyum.
5. Help in the cause of Islam. Even though Al-Qayyum does not need any of us, nor does He need food, drink or sleep, He made you a beautiful promise in the Qur’an:O you who believe! If you support Allah, He will support you and plant firmly your feet. [Muhammad, 47:7] This means you should do your best to help in the cause of Allah‘s Deen, for Al-Qayyum is the One Who is in full charge of all things. Ask Him to make you of those who help the Deen by spreading the message of the Quran, living out the sunnah, teaching and helping others.
6. Think about the Day of Standing. The Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam said, You will surely stand before Allah, no screen between Him and you, no interpreter to translate for you. Then He will say, Did I not bring you wealth?‘ He will say, Yes.‘ Then He will say, Did I not send you a Messenger?‘ He will say, Yes.‘ Then he will look to his right and left and see nothing but Hell. So protect yourselves from it even with half a date (in charity), and if not then with a kind word. [Al-Bukhari] Daily, remind yourself about this moment and make sure you do a deed of charity each day, even if it‘s a kind word to someone.
7. Stand in the night. Rasoolullah sallalahu alayhi wassalam said;The best prayer after the obligatory ones is the night prayer. [Muslim]. Abu Sulaimaan Ad-Daaraanie said, Those who pray in the night enjoy when they are observing their night prayer more than what the people of pastime and fun enjoy from their pastime. If not because of the night, I would not have loved to remain in this world. When Umar was dying, he said I do not grieve on anything of this life except the night prayer. Some people think only those who have strong emaan can pray and they are not good enough, but in fact qiyaam ul layl is the opportunity for those who feel far away from Allah to become closer to Him, so go for it and motivate others to gain extra reward.
Benefits we can learn from these Names together
1. Greatest phrase is these mightiest Names put together after Allah. Al Hayy al Qayyum. Most perfect du’a mentioned in Hadith where a bedouin called upon Allah by most mightiest Name and phrase. Ya Allah, Ya Hayyul Qayyum. Reason is because the asl in Allah describing Himself comes from Al Hayy Al Qayyum this is where all sifat/actions stem from. So by calling upon Al Hayyul Qayyum, one is calling Allah by all His Names and Attributes in this phrase.
2. Deserves muhabba and praise and glorification and worship. Allah sustains Himself and He doesn’t need anything and He sustains the entire creation. We should make du’a with the Names of Allah. Abu Alaa Al Hadrami, may Allah be pleased with him, used to pray: “O All-Knower, All-Wise, the Most High, the Most Great!” His supplications were responded to. On an expedition one day, He and His army pursued the enemy till they got to the sea, which takes an entire day to cross. They didn’t have boats to do so. So he said lets make du’a to Allah and ask Allah to give us protection as we are mujahideen in His path. He said bismillah and they started to walk over the water. The water only got to the ankles of their horses. And the ones who were walking, only their feet got wet. They reached the enemy, defeated them, and they then came back and this all happened in one day. This is narrated by Ibn Kathir and At Tabari This is the power of du‘a, the weapon of the believer.

An Explanation of Allahs Beautiful Names and Attributes part 8

15) Al Kabeer
This Name of Allah is mentioned in the Qur’an six times. Allah says:
That is because Allah is the Truth, and that what they call upon other than Him is falsehood, and because Allah is the Most High, the Grand. [Luqman 31: 30]
Linguistic meaning:
opposite to something that is small. This meaning has an impact on the shar’ee definition; that Allah is great and mighty.
Shar’ee meaning:
Al Khatabbi says: Allah is described with greatness and with might. Opposite of small. Greater than the whole creation. The Mighty, the Supreme. Knowledge of Allah being great and supreme, or being mighty over whole of creation, is something Allah wants to instil in the hearts. Ibn Qayyim says: Allah has prescribed the dhikr Allahu akbar, many times in the day. Allah has prescribed for one to say Allahu akbar when he begins His salah, in every movement except when rising from ruku and saying salam, after completing Ramadan and before Eid. It is also prescribed in the adhan and iqāmah, when stoning the jamarāt, when starting the tawāf, when slaughtering animals. In Jihad where the takbir is said it affirms that victory has come because of al-Kabeer, al Akbar. The reason for Allahu Akbar to be prescribed in all these ibadāt is because Allah knows that if the believer can truly understand that Allah is al-Akbar, al-Kabeer – greater and mightier than everything, then He will be successful in the dunya and aakhirah.
Meaning of Allahu Akbar is that you affirm that Allah is greater than every possible need you have, or that you possess or that you would like to possess, every inclination, desire, feeling – Allah is greater than everything. So when the slave is about to start his salah, he says Allahu Akbar. Allah is greater than us using this time for something else, or thinking about something else. Reminding ourselves that Allah is the greatest, adorns our salah with khushoo. Thus the life of the believer will become enveloped in the worship of Allah.
Benefits that we can learn from this Name
1. Having khushoo, being submissive and having full awareness of Allah. We acknowledge that we are worshipping a Lord that deserves to be worshipped. There is nothing like Him. He is great and the greatness of Him cannot even be imagined.
2. Say a lot of takbeer. Revive the sunnah of The Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam by saying a lot of takbeer Allahu Akbar.
Abdullah ibn Umar narrates that a man came late to Salāh. Upon arriving to the line he started his prayer with the following words, Allāhu Akbaru Kabīran wal-hamdulillahi kathīran wa subhān Allahi bukratan wa asīlā. The Prophet, after completing the prayer, asked the people who had said this. The man said, O Rasūlullah, I did not intend by it other than good. The Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam said, I saw the gates of heaven open because of those words. Ibn Umar added, I never ceased saying these words since hearing the Prophet say that. [Muslim]
3. Find happiness with Al-Kabeer. Your original nature makes you seek love and perfection and Allah Al-Kabeer is the source of all perfection; so only by turning to Him can your heart feel peace and happiness. In fact, the more you get to know about Him, His Names and His Attributes, the more you‘ll turn to Him with true love and devotion and the more you‘ll feel secure and peaceful with Him.
4. Magnify Al-Kabeer in the proper way. Allah azza wa jall instructs you:
And Your Lord Glorify [al Muddathir 74:3] Words to magnify Al-Kabeer, like the tahleel (laa ilaaha illAllah) tahmeed (Alhamdulillah), tasbeeh (subhanAllah) and takbeer (Allahu Akbar), have great meanings; ponder their true meanings, increase in saying them and be careful not to misuse them.
5. Never be arrogant. Guard yourself against arrogance (kibr). Never look down on others; you don‘t know the rank they have with Al-Kabeer. Arrogance can also be found in how you deal with the commands of Allah. Look at the sin of Iblees; he refused to bow down due to arrogance. A good tip to keep you away from disobedience to the commands of Allah is that whenever you‘re about to sin, look up and imagine Al-Kabeer watching you would you dare to look up and say no to Him?
6. Call upon Al-Kabeer. Make dua using this Name to ask Him to lead you to deeds pleasing to Him. There is no rank higher or achievement better than attainment of Allah‘s good pleasure. It is as Al-Kabeer says:
Indeed to Us is their return; and then indeed, upon Us is their account. [Al Ghashiyah 88:25-26] Always aim high in your supplications ask al-Kabeer for Jannatul Firdaws, the highest paradise, without reckoning. Nothing is too great for Him to be able to grant.
7. Be proud of your Lord. You shouldn‘t be ashamed of Allah‘s religion or divine commands. If you really believe that Allah is Al-Kabeer, you should be proud of your Lord in all situations, places, and company.
8. Feel your takbeer. What is really akbar in your life? The Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam taught you to say Allahu Akbar at the start and during your whole salah. Whenever you say, or hear, Allahu Akbar in prayer or the adhaan (call to Prayer), know what it really means. Know that Al-Kabeer is far greater than anything that you could ever imagine or think of. When you raise your hands to start your prayer, imagine you‘re throwing the whole world behind you and all is about Allahu Akbar.
Al Kabeer and other Names
Allah mentions al Kabeer with Al-Muta’aal and Al-‘Aliyy. High, above (above the throne). True greatness is when a person looks down. Allah is separate from His creation, high above everything and this highness makes him Kabeer – great. He is outside the creation and above the creation as highness is a sign of greatness. Rasoolullah sallallahu alayhi wassalam said the 7 heavens and the earth compared to the kursi of Allah is like a ring in the desert and the kursi compared to the arsh of Allah is like a ring in the desert. Allah doesn’t need the arsh, the arsh needs Allah.
16) Al Wāhid 17) Al Ahad
These Names are mentioned in both Al-Qur’an and Sunnah. Al Wāhid is mentioned 20 times in the Qur’an. For example Allah says:
The Day they come forth nothing concerning them will be concealed from Allah. To whom belongs [all] sovereignty this Day? To Allah, the One, the Prevailing. [al Ghaafir 40:16]
Al Ahad is mentioned once in the Qur’an. Allah says:
Say; He is Allah who is One [al Ikhlaas 112:1]
They are both similar in meaning. Both are to do with proving how Allah is One.
Linguistic meaning:
Comes from the root word ahada – to be one or to be single. There is a slight difference however, between the two Names. Wāhid is used to describe a number and Ahad is often used to negate everything and make it go back to one.
Shar’ee meaning:
refers to Allah being One in everything. There is only One Allah and One deity worthy of being worshipped. Al Ahad – say He is Allah and there is nothing at all like Him, Allah. Ibn Qayyim says: all His Attributes and Characteristics are ahad and no one can come close to the Characteristics of Allah. He is One in everything, perfect in Him creating, in being above His throne, and everything else of His characteristics. Allah being Al Wāhid and Al Ahad, means He has Wahdaniyyah. Wahdaaniyyah is categorised into the following:
1. He is Wāhid and Ahad in His oneness and characteristics and description of Himself. No one can have any of His characteristics. There is nothing like Him. Al Qurtabi says: Quraysh asked Rasoolullah sallallahu alayhi wassalam to describe Allah so Allah revealed Surah Al Ikhlaas.
2. He is Wāhid in His Ruboobiyah – providing for His creation, and no one can provide like Him. Wāhid – the only One doing it, and Ahad – no one can do it except Allah.
Even the kuffar acknowledge Ruboobiyah, although with deficiency. If one gets granted this knowledge of Allah being One, then they will be granted uluhiyyah, then our ibadah is taken up to Him. Allah has Oneness in His Kingdom. He can do whatever He wants and show authority however He wants. Tawheed al mulkihi – no one has kingdom like Allah. No one will speak except by the permission of Allah as He is the “Master of the day of Judgement.£ Here, the Day of Judgement is specified because on yawmal qiyamah there will be no rule except His, all authority will belong to Him. As for the dunya He has allowed others to have some sort of rule and authority.
3. Fi uluyatihi – in His worship. Allah deserves worship and nothing is like Him. He severely rebukes the Christians and Jews who have taken other deities besides Him. There is no one except Him as an ilaah therefore we should direct all our worship to Him alone.
Al Wāhid and Al Ahad with other Names
Allah mentioned the Name Al-Wāhid with the Name Al-Qahhaar. The meaning of a Name is enhanced when mentioned with another Name. Al-Qahhaar is The Subduer – someone who deserves complete submission. The reason behind coupling these Names, by Him being One and having the sifaat that He has, He is mightier and greater than anything. He deserves full submission because He is One in everything. He deserves submission and worship because He is Wāhid in everything. We are submitting to the one who is Al-Qahhaar. We should worship Him with complete and pure worship with all khushoo’. Al-Ahad is mentioned with As-Samad because He is the only One that doesn’t need anything. As-Samad is the Self Sufficient and the type of self sufficiency He has is One.
Benefits we can learn from these Names
1. Understand and see the greatness of Allah. Direct all our worship to Allah, knowing He is the Lord, and the only One who deserves our worship. The Oneness of Allah is a principle you need to keep reminding yourself of. His Oneness is the core message that all the Prophets, peace be upon them all, were sent with. If you truly understand Al Wāhid, you will worship Him accordingly. Remind yourself He is the Only One able to do everything, so in your daily life, make du’a only to Him, sacrifice only for Him and give sadaqah only for Him. Study tawheed and its meanings and teach this Name to your children and others.
2. Turn to Him first. We know we have to believe in Al-Wāhid alone, but in daily life when difficulty hits us we often turn to other means to try to relieve ourselves. When you have a problem turn to Him, turn to Him first and then to other means to your disposal. When you are ill, don‘t just grab a medicine quickly, but first ask Al-Wāhid to provide you with a cure. When you are hurt, don‘t immediately vent your heartache to a friend, ask Al-Wāhid to mend your heart first. Why turn to anyone else if you can turn to The Sustainer of the Heavens and the Earth?
3. See Al-Wāhid’s proof all around you. The integration of the whole universe is a proof for the Oneness of Allah. The orbit of the sun and the moon, the composition of the air, the Earth, the seas and the planets, the birth of a child, the perfect works of the human body are all proofs that there is only One Creator Who is the source of all of these diverse manifestations of His Unity. So look around you to increase your awe for His Beautiful Oneness. His Shar’iah is the greatest of shar’iah. Surah Naml (27) verse 59-64 talks about how He created the heavens and earth. Is there a diety with Allah? In this verse Allah says He done all of that which was mentioned so how can there be any other God but Him? If one doesn’t worship Allah or doesn’t worship Him in the correct way then these people are to be punished, and this is what is just. That’s why Allah is repeating in the ayah, a ilaahum ma’allah? Is there a diety with Allah?
4. Feel the testimony of faith. Understand the shahada by studying its meaning and implications. Reflect on your relationship with the shahada and how both your limbs and heart should be connected to it. Remind yourself of all those believers who sacrificed all they had by proclaiming the testimony of faith. Think of the wife of Firawn, the People of the Trench, the early Muslims of Makkah and all those men and women who are being pursued just for having faith and feel the power of the
And they resented them not except because they believed in Allah, the Exalted in Might, the Praiseworthy/ [al Burooj, 85:8]
Next time you pray really feel it when you say laa ilaaha illAllah, He is the Only One! Repeat the shahada throughout the day. The Messenger of Allah salallahu alayhi wa sallam said: The best Dhikr (remembering Allah) is La ilaaha illallah and the best supplication is Al-Hamdu Lillah. [At-Tirmidhi, An-Nasa‘i and Ibn Majah]
5. Fight your desires. We know Al-Ahad is the Only One but do we make Him the Only One we listen to, work for, ask from and submit to in our daily life? How many times do you do something you think is important rather than what is truly important in the eyes of Al-Ahad? Fight your ego and make pleasing Him your only goal.
Have you seen he who has taken as his god his [own] desire, and Allah has sent him astray due to knowledge and has set a seal upon his hearing and his heart and put over his vision a veil? So who will guide him after Allah? Then will you not be reminded? [al Jaathiya, 45:23]
6. Make your intentions for Him only. Imagine a cup of white, pure milk, if there was one drop of blood or dirt in it, the whole colour would change and you would not drink it. Once you understand the shahada you know your intentions should be for Allah only. Think about the intention you have with every deed. For example if you feel angry when someone doesn‘t acknowledge what you did for them, examine yourself and think, did I do this purely for Allah or was my intention mixed with something else? Start; for one week to make everything you do to please Him only and taste the unique sweetness. When you are working, think you are pleasing Him by taking care of your family, when you are tending the children make the intention you want to raise them to worship Al-Ahad only, when you help someone, help them for the reward of Al-Ahad only.
7. Make surah Al-Ikhlaas your life‘s motto. Apart from reciting it in your prayer, have you ever thought what this virtuous surah means to your daily life? This surah inspires sincerity in all you do and live for the Only, Al-Ahad. He rewards your good deeds according to their sincerity, your sincerity is the key to your eternal success
and without sincerity all your deeds are worthless.
Say, Indeed my prayer, my rites of sacrifice, my living and my dying are for Allah, Lord of the Worlds. No partner has He, and this I have been commanded and I am the first [among you] of the Muslims. [al An’am, 6:162-163 ] This means not only in worship like prayer and fasting, but you should have the intention to please Al-Ahad in all what you do in your living such as spending money, dealing with your family etc.
8. Ask Al-Ahad. Ask Him, turn to Him and beg Him only for your every need. Ask Him to help you to purify your intentions and to gain ikhlaas in all your actions.

An Explanation of Allahs Beautiful Names and Attributes part 7

13) Al-Jabbaar
This Name of Allah appears in the Qur’an once. Allah says:
He is Allah, other than whom there is no deity, the Sovereign, the Pure, the Perfection, the Bestower of Faith, the Overseer, the Exalted in Might, the Compeller, the Superior. Exalted is Allah above whatever they associate with Him. [al Hashr 59:23]
Linguistic meaning:
· comes from Jabara – to repair/mend/correct/provide a remedy.
· Jabbaar means ‘adheem (mighty), qawee (powerful), taweel (high over everything)
Shar’ee meaning:
· at-Tabari says: it means one who takes care of whole of creation, commands the whole of creation, does what will help/benefit them and does things that will test them.
· Qatadah says: al-Jabbār is One who does what He wants, commands what He wants. He makes it obligatory on the creation like the rain, the sun, the clouds, to run on its fixed courses, they are compelled by Allah to do exactly what He wants them to do. As for mankind some say we are compelled to do everything, we have no free will. Some say Allah doesn’t know what we are going to do; we do it however we want to do it. Ahlus-Sunnah say, Allah has allowed for us to do good deeds and bad deeds and He knows exactly what we are going to do.
4 ranks of Qadar
1. Al ilm – the knowledge. Allah knew exactly what was going to take place, before anything happened. He knew absolutely everything.
2. Al kitaaba – the writing. Allah commanded the pen to write down what will occur, from the beginning of time to the end of time.
3. Mashe’ah – free will. Then Allah allowed the things to take place, He granted the things to happen.
4. Khalq; creation/creating – then He created the creation for these things to happen / to be carried out.
The writing of the qadar hasn’t forced the creation to do anything because Allah has allowed things to happen. Then He created the things that will happen. Free will has already been allowed even before we were created. Thus Allah being Al Jabbaar, the One who compels and does what He wants to the creation, He compels and forces the creation that doesn’t have free will to run exactly how He wants. Then, He has prohibited what He wanted to prohibit and made obligatory what He wanted to make obligatory. He has rule over the whole of creation but as a sign of being just, He allowed us to have free will to do what we want to do so that on yawmal qiyamah, we have no argument that we didn’t have a choice in what we chose to do. Imam S’adi said Al Jabbār is the Compeller. Includes being above the whole of creation. He is the one that deserves the du’a [calling] of the people.
Three types of jabr
Jabbaar occurs ten times in the Quran, but is only used once for Allah ‗azza wa jall. Nine times jabbaar refers to the people oppressing others and only Allah is al-Jabbaar in a positive sense. His might is in the sense of power; Al-Jabbaar is the One who compels the tyrants, overwhelming them with His power and might.
His might is in the sense of mercy; Al-Jabbaar mends the broken-hearted by restoring peace of mind as well as reward if they are patient. Allah says about Umm Musa
And the heart of Musa‘s mother became empty [of all else]. She was about to disclose [the matter concerning] him had We not bound fast her heart that she would be of the believers. [al Qasas, 28:10]
Allah Al-Jabbaar mended her heart and so is He comforting to the oppressed and firm with the unjust; both Fir‘awn and the mother of Musa alayhi sallam will deal with Al-Jabbaar. He is the One Who solaces and comforts the oppressed and punishes the tyrants and arrogant. His might is also in the sense of greatness; Al-Jabbaar is far above His creation, yet close to them, hearing and seeing all they say, do, and even what they think.
Al Jabbaar – The Mender
An amazing example of Allah being Al Jabbaar the Mender is seen in the story of at-Taa‘if. After Rasoolullah sallalahu alayhi wassalam was driven out of the city in such a cruel way, his body and heart were literally broken and this is seen in the du‘a he made immediately after this incident.
O Allah I complain to you of my weakness, my lack of resources and being unimportant before the people. O Most Merciful of those who are merciful. You are the Lord of the weak and You are my Lord too. To whom do you leave me? To a distant person who receives me with hostility? Or to an enemy You have given authority over my affairs? As long as You are not angry/displeased with me, I do not care. Your favour is of a more expansive relief to me. I seek refuge in the light of Your countenance by which all darkness is dispelled and every affair of this world and the hereafter is set aright lest Your anger or Your displeasure descends upon me. I desire Your pleasure and satisfaction until You are pleased and there is no might nor power except with You.
This was the call of Our Prophet, broken out of fear that Allah was displeased or angry with him. Allah mended his heart in many ways after this incident. He first sent the Christian slave Addas to Rasoolullah with grapes, who recognised him as a Messenger of Allah and who hugged and kissed his blessed feet. Then Allah sent Jibreel who told him about the angel of the mountain who was ready to destroy the people if the Messenger so wills. But we all know Rasoolullah sallalahu alayhi wa sallam said not to do so, for he had hope that from the descendents of the people of Taa‘if, will come those who say la ilaaha illalah. And soon after this incident the biggest mending came from Al Jabbaar in the form of the miraculous journey of Israa wal mi‘raaj. Also the people of Taa‘if did become Muslim, after the opening of Makkah. Truly Allah heals the hearts of the broken. So when we are broken due to any of life‘s hardships and calamities, we should call upon Allah just like Rasoolullah sallahu‘alayhi wassalam did, and then we will see the way Allah manifests this name Al Jabbaar in our lives.
Benefits that we can learn from this Name
1. Everything is predestined. Know that Allah has decreed what He wants to decree and He changes the decree how He wants but any changes are already part of what He wrote. The du’a of a person is raised up to Allah and if something that was going to befall a person was coming down, the du’a fights the qadar, until the qadar returns. But that du’a itself was part of qadar and it was allowed by Allah to overcome the qadar that was coming down.
2. Allah does everything with a Principle, He is the law giver, Al Jabbār, doesn’t command anything except that it is completely or predominately beneficial. And that He doesn’t prohibit anything except that it is completely or predominantly harmful. An example of this is alcohol. Although there may be some benefit in alcohol, it is predominantly harmful and thus it is prohibited. Allah says:
They ask you about wine and gambling. Say, “In them is great sin and [yet, some] benefit for people. But their sin is greater than their benefit.” And they ask you what they should spend. Say, “The excess [beyond needs].” Thus Allah makes clear to you the verses [of revelation] that you might give thought. [al Baqarah 2:219]
3. Reflect on how Al Jabbaar compels you. Al Jabbaar compels you by creating you in the way He wills you to be. You are compelled to accept your form and shape as well as the beating of your heart, your blood circulation, firing nerve cells, the way your brain works, falling asleep, and waking up. These are all involuntary actions– they are compelled by Allah‘s power. Every day, take time to reflect on the way you are made and let it increase you in emaan in the perfect power and might of Al Jabbār, who compels the creation to be as He wishes.
4. Don‘t be jabbaar. The attribute of jabr does not befit people; you are supposed to be an ‗abd (slave) of Al-Jabbaar. Jabbaar is not just tyrant ruler; you can be jabbaar when you harm or hurt other people‘s feeling or undermine their authority. Thus does Allah seal over every heart [belonging to] an arrogant tyrant. [al Ghaafir, 40:35]. An example is not listening to your parents and hurting them by your words or actions. Allah says to not say to them [so much as], uff, and do not repel them but speak to them a noble word. [al Israa, 17:23]. So never be arrogant.
5. Mend someone‘s heart. If you have oppressed someone, ask for their forgiveness straight away. If you see people suffering, try to talk to them and show them your care. Mend someone‘s heart because Al Jabbaar will mend yours in times of need.
6. Turn to Al Jabbaar to fix your faults . Do you feel like you don‘t have enough time or skills to accomplish your goals? Never lower your standards; rather raise your faith in Al Jabbār to fix your deficiencies, put your life in order, and transform your sins.
14) Al Mutakabbir
This Name of Allah is mentioned in the Qur’an once. Allah says:
He is Allah, other than whom there is no deity, the Sovereign, the Pure, the Perfection, the Bestower of Faith, the Overseer, the Exalted in Might, the Compeller, the Superior. Exalted is Allah above whatever they associate with Him. [al Hashr 59:23]
Linguistic Meaning
1) To be great/kabeer, like the Name al-Kabeer or al-Akbar.
2) To be proud – something that is disliked in the characteristic for the creation, but as for the Creator it is pure and perfect.
Shar’ee meaning:
How is Allah Al-Mutakabbir? Allah is the only one that can be Mutakabbir for every benefit and blessing the creation has, it is due to Allah. We haven’t perfected any of the characteristics that Allah has given us, such as hearing, seeing – they are all limited because we are from the creation. But Allah is perfect in every characteristic. He was Al-Khāliq, before He even created. He was Al-Ghafoor before He forgave. He has no limit. He is proud for all of His Names and Attributes, they come from a pure, perfect form. Al Qatadah says: He is proud that He has no shar (evil). He is proud because He has no deficiencies, He judges justly. He has no sign or characteristic of evil. He is proud because He is the greatest, the Lord above the throne, He has the greatest reward and greatest punishment. He can command whatever He wants.
Allah Al-Mutakabbir versus the arrogant 
Allah azza wa jall describes people as mutakabbireen (arrogant) on multiple occasions in the Quran. They have arrogance in their hearts and actions towards Allah by disbelieving in His signs and they are arrogant to other people by looking down on them due to position, race, wealth, etc. The Prophet salallahu ‗alayhi wa sallam said: Allah is beautiful and loves beauty, arrogance is: rejecting the truth and looking down on people. [Muslim, At-Tirmidhee] Only Allah is al-Mutakabbir in a positive sense.
A lesson on how to battle pride
What is the opposite of kibr (arrogance)? It is humility, the adornment of a believer. Abu Hurayrah radiyallaahu anhu narrated that the Prophet salallaahu alayhi wa sallam said: no one will exercise humility for Allah‘s sake, except that Allah will raise him up [Muslim]
Urwah ibn Zubair radiyallaahu anhu said: I saw Umar carrying a large leather water canteen on his shoulder. I said to him, O Amir-ul-Mu‘mineen, you shouldn‘t be carrying that‘. Umar replied by saying, a delegation came to Medina and I saw their obedience to me, and some ‗nakwah‘ entered into my heart and I wanted to destroy it. We all know of the strong personality of Umar radiyallaahu anhu and yet when a small amount of pride (nakwah) entered into his heart, he hurried in an attempt to destroy it before it destroyed him.
Benefits we can learn from this Name
1. Fills the heart with true understanding and true comprehension that Allah has perfect Names and Attributes. Fills our heart with knowledge that Allah is Al Mutakabbir.
2. Sign to us all, that whenever we have any pride for any of the blessings Allah has given us, it can cause it to be taken away by Allah due to this pride.
3. Be great by being humble. The greatest strength that you can attain is to have true reliance upon Allah azza wa jall and to seek His support in hardship and ease. The highest level of greatness you can attain is to show humility to your Lord.
4. Respect others for the sake of Allah. Allah says:
O you who have believed, let not a people ridicule [another] people; perhaps they may be better than them; nor let women ridicule [other] women; perhaps they may be better than them. And do not insult one another and do not call each other by [offensive] nicknames. Wretched is the Name of disobedience after [one’s] faith. And whoever does not repent – then it is those who are the wrongdoers. [al Hujaraat 49:11].
Your knowledge of others is only by perception. Don‘t mock or insult others as they might have a higher position with Al-Mutakabbir than yourself. The Prophet salallaahu alayhi wa sallam said: Whoever possesses an atom‘s weight of kibr will not enter into the paradise [Muslim]. Abu Bakr radiyallaahu anhu said: Let not any Muslim belittle another Muslim, for the lowest of the Muslims is great in the Sight of Allah.
5. Battle arrogance. Allah azza wa jall is the only true king and you are His slave let‘s not forget this. It‘s easy to fall into arrogance (takabbur), thinking you know better and transgressing the limits set by Allah al-Mutakabbir. Keep checking your heart for feelings of arrogance creeping in and deal with them straight away by reminding yourself of the greatness of Allah. Al-Hasan al-Basri said: I wonder at the son of Adam! He uses his hand to wash himself from his waste once or twice a day, yet he seeks to compete with the All-Mighty? Don‘t get carried away with your wealth or achievements, know it is from Al-Mutakabbir and not from yourself. The way to avoid arrogance is to remember Allah as much as we can until it becomes a habit to instantly thank Him for any good that comes our way, so increase in saying alhamdulillah. Every day ask Allah al-Mutakabbir to save you and protect you from the evil of pride and arrogance.

International Women’s Day

It’s international women’s day! A day in which we celebrate the achievements of women all over the world. So many inspiring women throughout history and all over the world.

But on this day we should also take a moment to remember all those women who may none be as lucky, who are oppressed and abused and treated unfairly. And we, as the lucky ones, should not just be inspired by others achievements but also take a stand and take action to help our sisters. Whether it’s raising awareness, volunteering with a charity that helps women or speaking to someone you know that may be in a bad situation. We should stand together in solidarity with our sisters.

We should also realise that every single woman is different and whether she is the head of a company, a doctor, a teacher, a housewife, a mother, a wife, a daughter. Each and every role is as important as the other. We should not look down on one another, we should encourage and help each other.

Looking at women throughout history we see that they all achieved great things but their roles in life were very different from each other. Marie Curie was a gifted scientist who made huge contributions to helping fight cancer. Fatima al-Fihri built the worlds first university in Morocco. J.K. Rowling who taught us to persever despite your circumstances. The mother of Imam Bukhari who taught us the importance of being a mother and how much we can impact our children’s lives. Amelia Earhart showed us that we can achieve great things and we should always aim high. Khadijah taught us that we can be successful in both work and at home, that we don’t have to choose between being a wife and mother or having a career. Rosa Parks taught us that we should not stand for injustice and discrimination and that one woman can make all the difference.

There are so many more women so many more amazing achievements and we should all take inspiration and try to be the best we can be not just in our career but as people too. We should strive to have the best character and the best manners. We should encourage and motivate each other not critise and bring each other down. We should be part of our community and support each other. We should work together to make the world a better place.

An Explanation of Allahs Beautiful Names and Attributes part 6

11) Al-Muhaymin
This Name of Allah is mentioned once in the Qur’an. Allah says:
He is Allah, other than whom there is no deity, the Sovereign, the Pure, the Perfection, the Bestower of Faith, the Overseer, the Exalted in Might, the Compeller, the Superior. Exalted is Allah above whatever they associate with Him. [al Hashr 59:23]
Linguistic meaning:
Al-Ameen. Provides comfort, security, takes care of someone who is in fear. Protects, is trustworthy, takes care of someone who is in harm or fear Similar to. Ar-Raqeeb, Al Haafidh and Ash Shahid. someone who observes, watches, supervises, preserves.
Shar’ee meaning:
The One who observes and watches over entire creation. Supervises/oversees every form of creation. Gives them what they need and guards them. Ibn kathir says: meaning of Muhaymin is that Allah is looking down on the creation, observing, supervising and whenever He sees someone deserving of reward He rewards, He gives rahma, rizq, and punishment, He is supervising the whole of creation. Similar to al-Mumin. Wanting to help those who are calling on Him to help. Looks upon His whole creation, their statements and their actions, and whenever He sees someone calling on Him using Muhaymin for help, then He helps them and supports them.
Benefits we can learn from this Name
1. Gives hearts comfort. The believer should be in comfort knowing that Allah is his supervisor and watcher and guard and that He knows about everything, your fears, troubles, those that are causing you discomfort. For every difficulty there is ease. For every difficulty Allah sends, there is 2 forms of ease;
1) ease after the difficulty. Have complete conviction that Allah will grant you ease. So in reality every difficulty is an ease, because knowing Allah is watching, supervising over us is a means of salvation in dunya and aakhirah. 2) Ease in its literal form, Allah will give you a means to come out of this difficulty, whenever you need or require anything from Allah.
2. Fulfils our goal of tawheed. Allah mentions Al Muhaymin after Al-Mu’min. When Names are coupled, it enhances its meaning. On yawmal qiyyamah, Allah will be the one who will watch over you and testify by everything that He saw of you in this life, for you or against you. Allah will grant you His support and help, because you are from the believers, whenever He notices you are in fear and need of help.
3. Gives believer tawakkul in Allah. Allah has promised the believers security, provisions. The One who is Just, the One who possesses mercy, so a believer should know whenever he is going through a difficulty, then he should rely on He who is the supervisor, He who watches over you.
4. Be aware that Al-Muhaymin is watching you. The Prophet salallahu ‗alayhi wa sallam said:
Be mindful of Allah and Allah will protect you… [at Tirmidhi] Al-Muhaymin sees every deed you do; He observes your reactions to situations and even witnesses your inner thoughts. Remind yourself constantly of this fact and let it motivate you to stay away from sins and temptations. Al-Muhaymin will protect you from harm and even from committing sins if you are mindful of Him and keep remembering Him in your actions.
5. Accept the decree. Believe with certainty that whatever Allah al-Muhaymin gives to you or keeps away from you is good for you, even though it does not always seem like it. He ‗azza wa jall is overseeing everything and everything is part of His plan. Complaining about your looks, about others‘ belongings, about missed opportunities, etcetera, are signs you have to strengthen your faith in Al-Muhaymin. Accepting and being content with His qadr (decree) will be your true key to the tranquillity (sakinah) in your heart that you are so badly longing for but cannot find in anything else in this whole wide world.
6. Use the Qur’an. Don‘t just read the Qur’an— interact with it, implement it, and memorize it. The Qur‘an is muhaymin, trustworthy in highness, and a witness. The Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam said:
Verily, Allah elevates some people with this Qur‘an and abases others. [Muslim] That is, those who fulfil the rights of the Qur‘an will be raised high in this world and in the hereafter; those who leave it will be put down. Make the Qur‘an a witness for you and not against you.
7. Ask Al-Muhaymin. Indeed the deen of Islam is itself manners, where anyone that surpasses you in manners, is better than you in deen. [Ibn al-Qayyim] While working on your character, never think you cannot change for the better, and ask Al-Muhaymin to help you. Ask Him to protect you from your own desires and weaknesses. Imagine the protection of a hen for her chicks and know that Al-Muhaymin‘s protection for you is beyond limits, so whenever you are in a difficult situation, you are scared, or feel lost, invoke Allah using this Name.
8. Protect your heart. The Prophet salallahu ‗alayhi wa sallam said:
There is a piece of flesh in the body if it becomes good (reformed) the whole body becomes good but if it gets spoilt the whole body gets spoilt and that is the heart. [Al Bukhari] Your heart is one of the greatest trusts given to you by Al-Muhaymin and it will be your most important witness when you stand before Him, so protect your heart. How? Gain knowledge about the types of diseases mentioned in the Qur’an and Sunnah and their symptoms, assess yourself, and then seek the cure. Scholars mentioned four of the greatest poisons of the heart as: unnecessary talking, unrestrained glances, too much food, and keeping bad company.
12) Al-Azeez
This Name of Allah is mentioned in the Qur’an 92 times and the majority of the time it has been mentioned after or before another Name. For example Allah says:
And indeed, your Lord – He is the Exalted in Might, the Merciful. [ash Shu’araa 26: 9]
Allah also says:
And the sun runs [on course] toward its stopping point. That is the determination of the Exalted in Might, the Knowing [Ya Seen 36: 38]
Linguistic meaning: comes from words ‘azah, which means:
· al quwaa – strength, power, might, authority
· shidda – strength, power, severity, force,
· ghalabah – dominance, supremacy, the upper hand
· al-‘izz – glory, honour, prestige, esteem
· ‘izza – pride, glorification
· rif’a – highness, loftiness.
Shar’ee meaning:
· It means no one can triumph over Him, or subjugate Him or defeat Him. Name of glory and honour. Al Azeez will always have the upper hand.
· Al Azeez is the one who to all strength belongs to. Everything is subjected to Him. Allah says:
Whoever desires honour [through power] – then to Allah belongs all honour. To Him ascends good speech, and righteous work raises it. But they who plot evil deeds will have a severe punishment, and the plotting of those – it will perish. [al Faatir 35:10]
· He is glorious in every way, has power in all forms. All glory, all honour, all pride returns back to Allah.
· He is ash-shadeed, He is severe against those who harm the believers.
The One who is victorious, the One who can never be defeated or overcome, the One who is all powerful and severe, no one can take anything away from Him.
Ibn ul Qayyim rahimahullah wrote in his Nooniyyah: And He is al-Azeez whose status cannot be reached (overcome) How can He be reached, the owner of all Power? And He is al-‗Azeez, the Overpowering (al-Qaahir), the Subduing Overcomer. Nothing overcomes Him, so these are two characteristics. And He is al-Azeez, with Strength (quwwah) and this is His description. Al-Izz, therefore has three meanings. And these are the ones that are perfected for Him, free is He of all imperfection, from every single aspect, the One who is devoid of any deficiency.
Al Azeez and other Names
1) Azeezur Raheem mentioned 13 times in the Qur’an.
· If you look to the person who has power (or thinks they have power), then you see their rahma decreases the more powerful they become.Tthey become arrogant. But Allah, when He is Al Azeez, He is Azeez with Rahma. He has power, strength, and dominance over everything but with Rahma. “Indeed my mercy, will prevail over my wrath.” His glory and power always has rahma and His rahma always has glory and honour. Allah being Ar-Raheem, through being severe (shidda) in His Rahma, His Rahma becomes dominant over the creation. The most glorious form of mercy ever. He is Azeez in His Raheem. He has true power in His Mercy. Supreme form of Mercy. Mercy that is High and lofty.
2) Al-Hakeem is mentioned with Al-Azeez 46 times in the Qur’an.
· He is a Lord that has glory, power, dominance over everything, but He is still wise. He judges justly (another meaning of Hakeem is judge).
3) Al-Azeez is mentioned with Al-Ghafoor (to forgive) and Al-Ghaffar (to forgive and conceal/remove). This pairing comes in Al-Qur’an twice. Al-Ghaffar comes in Al-Qur’an 3 times after Al-Azeez. Ghaffar means to cover the sins of the slaves of Allah. To hide, conceal and remove as if they never existed so that on the scroll itself, that sin won’t be mentioned. So even though He has this power and glory, and even though He is supreme in having the upper hand in everything, He is also forgiving in everything and His forgiveness has azeez in it. Even after committing the greatest sin which is shirk, as soon as you ask for forgiveness and repent, Allah forgives you, He hides that sin and removes it and turns back to you, as you turn to Him in repentance. He is supreme in His forgiving; He forgives, and removes it from your scroll.
4) Al Azeez is also coupled with Al-Muqtadir. Muqtadir means Allah decreeing His decree. The power and authority He has, He can decree what He wants.
5) Allah also mentioned Al Azeez with ‘Aleem – One who knows everything. His knowledge is Azeez. All statements and actions, thoughts, and inclinations are known. He knows what would have happened if we done the things that we haven’t done. He knows what we didn’t do of good, so when a person would say allow me to go back and do the acts of good, Allah knows that even if he was to go back he wouldn’t do the acts of good. Allah being Aleem, is Azeez and He is Azeez in being Aleem.
Benefits we can learn from this Name
1. Having pure tawheed; no one deserves worship, glorification, du’a, reliance, trust, than the one who is Azeez. The one who is Azeez in the most true and perfect form. He subhana wa ta’aala deserves the acts of worship and only Him. He is the true meaning of Azeez. Allah has the perfect characteristic of this Name, and only Allah can possess the perfect characteristics. From the perfection of glory is that Allah has no form of deficiency.
2. Seek your strength from Al-Azeez. Having faith in Al-Azeez gives you courage because you know Your Lord is unbeatable. Whatever He wills happens, even if the people will otherwise, and whatever He wills not to happen, will not, even if the people will for it. So only work to seek His pleasure and be confident He will help you. He has power over all things, so accept whatever happens to you and show sabr (perseverance) and shukr (gratefulness) for whatever befalls you. When you feel weak or overpowered, turn to Al-Azeez for strength.
3. There‘s no hiding from Al-Azeez. Let Al-Azeez make you recognise that no matter who you are, how pious or ―high-positioned‖ you are, you can never hide from His might and power. The repetition of Al-Azeez in the Quran can teach you that you constantly have to remind yourself that you can never go against His Will, and He is mighty against those who disobey Him.
4. Power doesn‘t mean honour. Always use your own ―power‖ or authority in an honourable way, over your children or spouse for example. Train yourself to have strength to resist desires by reminding yourself of the wisdom Al-Azeez, who uses His power with wisdom, and always try to strengthen others with your advice, skills, or company. The Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam said:
Whoever a believer is humiliated before him and he does not help him when he is able to do so, Allah will humiliate him before the creation on the day of judgment. [Ahmad]
5. Honour trusts. The Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam said:
All of a Muslim is inviolable to another Muslim: his blood, his wealth and his honour [Muslim]. Don‘t harm others by your tongue or hand; don‘t backbite, slander, or misuse their belongings or even expose their faults. You can even earn Allah‘s protection from the Fire by defending someone’s honor. The Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam said:
Whoever defends the honor of his brother, then Allah will protect his face from the Hellfire on the Day of Resurrection. [At-Tirmidhi] An example is to rebut back-biting in a company and to mention something good about the person in his or her absence. Your relationships with others are a trust (amaanah) from Al-Azeez and you should honor each trust you are given— in your dealings with others, as well as your own body and emaan— by looking after them according to the guidelines of Al-Azeez.
6. Know that your izzah is in Islam . Your honour does not lie in money, power, or looks; rather your honour is only in Islam. How many seek honour from other things or people? Al-Azeez said:
Those who take disbelievers as allies (or helpers or friends) instead of believers, do they seek with them honour [through power] But indeed honour belongs to Allah entirely? [an Nisaa 4: 139] Seek your honour in this life and the next from Al-Azeez only, by obeying Him and following His Messenger. In dunya, mankind has been created to want glory and to want power. If you want true glory, true honour, then know that with Allah is all forms of glory. Real glory lies in the deen of Allah. Take the characteristic of this Name of Allah, and live by it. We can implement it in our hearts by having ‘izza for our deen. Be proud of being a Muslim because this is the religion of strength, glory, honour and the only religion which is promised Jannah. We may be the minority in the people when it comes to worshipping Allah but, we are the majority in the creation and this is a great source of comfort for Muslims across the world.
Allah says:
Whatever is in the heavens and earth exalts Allah, and He is the Exalted in Might, the Wise. [al Hadeed 57:1]
This is the way we get glory, by showing Islam, by proclaiming tawheed, by living Islam. Allah has chosen us to be His examples on Earth. The benefit is that we take the characteristic of izza, in following the religion of Al- Azeez. Allah grants and gives whoever He wants from His ‘izza. Allah says:
Say, “O Allah, Owner of Sovereignty, You give sovereignty to whom You will and You take sovereignty away from whom You will. You honor whom You will and You humble whom You will. In Your hand is [all] good. Indeed, You are over all things competent.
[ale Imran 3: 26]
Side point: We have to call upon Allah by His Names which are in Arabic. No other language can be used when calling upon Allah by His Names. i.e. one must say Ya Rahman not O Most Merciful.

An Explanation of Allahs Beautiful Names and Attributes part5

9) As Salaam
This Name of Allah is mentioned in the Qu’ran once. Allah says:
He is Allah, other than whom there is no deity, the Sovereign, the Pure, the Perfection, the Bestower of Faith, the Overseer, the Exalted in Might, the Compeller, the Superior. Exalted is Allah above whatever they associate with Him. [al – Hashr 59: 23]
This Name is also mentioned in Hadith, in the du’a to say after completing salah ―Allahumma antas salaam. Indeed Allah is the one who is As-Salaam.
Lingustic meanings:
1. To disown, or to be free from. Scholars of lugha say Jannah is called Darus-Salaam, because it is free from all evil. Allah is free from every form of evil and deficiency.
2. Aman, security; opposite of khauff. He is free from all types of defects and evil and to Him belongs ultimate and pure peace. Another reason why Jannah is called Darus-salaam is that it is a place of ultimate peace and security. ―Ud khulu ha bisalaam ―enter with peace and security. [al Qaaf 50:34] Allah has granted Jannah, salaam, and everyone who wants salaam – security. Allah has sifat of salaam (He is free from defects and ultimate source of peace/security) and also He grants this security to people.
Shar’ee meaning:
Similar to Al-Quddus – Allah is free from everything evil from past and present. As-Salaam is free from all types of evil from the future. Ar Raazi says that ―Al Quddus is an indication towards Him being free from every imperfection in the past and the present whereas As Salaam indicates that not a single defect will come upon Him in the future; for the one who ends up having even a blemish of a defect, his perfection goes away and he no longer remains safe.‖ Al Bayhaqi says: He is the One who is free from every form of deficiency. Free from evil and He doesn’t accept this from His creation. He is the one that has granted the believers security in 2 respects;
1) General: promised it for the whole of creation, things that can happen in this world, e.g. security from the sun etc.
2) Specific: provides security for the mu’minoon, security of their hearts and souls in dunya and aakhirah.
Ibn Qayyim says in his poem nooniyah: He is As-Salaam, a literal form of being saalim, pure from any defects. He is As-Salaam in all His Names and Attributes. He is Salaam in His Characteristics and in His Commands and Prohibitions. He will give your hearts security from all doubts and evil from shaytaan.
Benefits that we can learn from this Name
1. Know that it is Allah that provides peace and security and eternal happiness. Source of peace is Allah. Submit to Him. Surrender to As-Salaam so you can be secure. If you submit– Islam— you will get Allah‘s salaam. Believing is to follow the
guidance and do the actions (deeds).
For them therein is fruit, and for them is whatever they request [or wish] [And] ―Peace,‖ a word from a Merciful Lord. [Ya Seen 36: 57-58]
Continually remind yourself of Darus-Salaam so you will strive to do as many good deeds as possible in order to receive the salaam of Allah and be safe and secure in Paradise.
2. From the ways we can enter Jannah is by spreading salaam. Rasoolullah sallalahu alayhi wassalam said: ―You will not enter Paradise until you believe, and you will not believe until you love one another. Shall I not tell you about something which, if you do it, you will love one another? Spread salaam amongst yourselves. [Muslim] Spreading salam, strengthens ties and unity amongst Muslims.
3. Strive for a clean heart. The Prophet salallahu ‗alayhi wa sallam said:
Indeed, Allah does not look to your faces and your wealth but He looks to your hearts and to your deeds. [Muslim]. Just like you are alert for physical diseases, constantly assess your heart for diseases like lying, back biting, swearing, hypocrisy, jealousy, showing off, etc, and seek cure for them in the Quran and Sunnah as all that matters is that you arrive to al-Quddus with ‗qalbun saleem‘— a sound heart.
4. Be patient in trials.
No disaster strikes except by permission of Allah. And whoever believes in Allah- He will guide his heart. And Allah is Knowing of all things. [at Taghabun 64:11]
Show patience and perseverance in hard times and As-Salaam will give you peace inside: your heart will have salaam, a feeling of well being, serenity, and peace.
5. Ask As-Salaam. When you are very worried, supplicate to Allah ‗azza wajal by this Name. You can say, Allahumma antas Salaam (O Allah, You are As-Salaam), save me from this or ask for the safety of others. Ask As-Salaam to make Islam your safe harbour and to bring peace to your heart.
Side note: meaning of Islam comes from the word taslama – to submit. By being in Islam you have secured yourself in the Rahma of Allah. Salaam – Being in Islam, be of those who are granted peace in life of dunya and aakhirah. Attains Qalbun saleem, a heart with no doubts, one which is secure from doubts. Every created thing in its asl is correct, permissible, pure, clean. For example; Speech, intimacy, money. Person makes it into an evil action when it is used/done outside the shari’ah of Allah, in an incorrect way.
10) Al Mu’min 
This Name appears in Qur’an once. Allah says:
He is Allah, other than whom there is no deity, the Sovereign, the Pure, the Perfection, the Bestower of Faith, the Overseer, the Exalted in Might, the Compeller, the Superior. Exalted is Allah above whatever they associate with Him. [al Hashr 59:23]
He Mentions Al Mu’min before Al Muhaymin and after As Salam.
Lingustic meanings:
1) At Tasbeeq – to speak the truth, to testify, to be witness to.
2) Al Aman – security, opposite of khauff, support, help, protection Wa hadhal baladil ameen, – this is a city of security.
The word Al Mu’minoon comes from the meaning of tasbeeq. The Mu’minoon have affirmed/spoke of belief in Allah.
Shar’ee meaning:
What does Al-Mu’min mean from the meaning of At Tasbeeq?
· Whatever Al Mu’min says, He is promising you that it is the truth. Testifies regarding none worthy of worship except Allah. No better being to testify, to affirm than Allah Himself. He is perfect in His testifying and affirming.
· He has sent to us Prophets and Messengers, sent to us a guide to follow, commands and prohibitions. On Yawmal qiyyamah, He will testify that you did your actions. He will be a witness to all your actions.
Ibn Qayyim says: Musadiq Allah is the one who speaks and testifies. He sent Messengers with their revelations, taught us and commanded us how to live this life. There is no greater testimony than that of Allah’s. From the meaning of aman, He is the protector of the believers and they need no other protector.
Benefits we can learn from this Name
1. Have tawakkul in Al Mu’min. He is telling us that He loves us, loves those who testify that He is the one God and Muhammad is His Messenger. Regardless whatever happens, whatever trial and tribulation, Al Mu’min will help you and support you. We must have husn al dhan (good thinking) about Allah. Thinking bad about Allah is when you believe you won‘t be able to come out of a trial that Allah has afflicted on you. Every calamity that befalls you, know that Al Mu’min is there to help and support you, and you are someone that He loves. This instils in the hearts of the believers love of Allah and comfort knowing that we have a Lord who is safe-guarding the Muslims. It gives our hearts comfort.
2. Believe in Allah and His messengers. Have eemaan, which is your belief in Allah combined with action in following His commands and staying away from His prohibitions, and you will receive His aman (security) in this world and the next.
Whoever comes [at judgement] with a good deed will have better than it, and they , from the terror of that day will be safe. [an Naml 27:89]
So read the Qur’an often, give sadaqah, and focus on your prayers so Al-Mu’min will give you safety on the Day of Judgement.
3. Believe in the promises of Al Mu’min. We have a sense of security knowing that Allah, who only speaks truth, told us about Jannah and Jahannam. This strengthens our eemaan. We don’t need someone else to testify to this.. The people of Paradise will say:
And they will say, ―Praise to Allah, who has fulfilled for us His promise and made us inherit the earth [so] we may settle in Paradise wherever we will. And excellent is the reward of the [righteous] workers.‖ [az Zumar 39:74]
Believe that the promise of Al-Mumin will always come true. For example His promise is that sadaqah will not decrease wealth, so trust in this fact and fulfil your promises to your best ability.
4. Have patience. Have patience upon the afflictions that Allah has decreed for His creation. The Mu’min knows Allah is Ar-Raheem, Al Hakeem and that Al Mu’min will help them come out of the affliction they may be in. Ask Al-Mu’min for aman in difficult situations. Al-Mu’min is the only source of aman so ask only Him to grant you safety, as the Prophet salallahu ‗alayhi wa sallam said to Abu Bakr radiyallahu ‗anhu:―Do not grieve, indeed Allah is with us.‖ No matter how hard the situation, have emaan and ask Al-Mu’min to give you aman– peace and security— in your heart. Attain peace and tranquillity in the heart.
5. Allah is our helper, so we should help others too e.g. the neighbour, brother. ―Allah will help His slave so long as he helps his brother. Take care of trusts. The Prophet salallahu ‗alayhi wa sallam said:
The believer is one from whose tongue and hand the believers are safe and: The believer is one in whom the people would entrust their blood and wealth. [At-Tirmidhi] An example is to make sure you don‘t harm others by your tongue through back-biting. The Prophet salallahu ‗alayhi wa sallam was called al-ameen, the trustworthy one, strive to be known for your trustworthiness. Return amaanaat (trusts) safely, such as borrowed items or even by keeping secrets entrusted to you. Umar ibn al-Khattab radiyallahu ‗anhu said: If your brother mentions something to you in private, then walks away, it is an amaanah (trust) even if he didn‘t instruct you not to inform anyone. [Ibn Muflih‘s Adaab Ash-Sharee‘ah] Your body is also an amaanah given to you by Allah ‗azza wa jall, so make an effort to use it in the right way.
6. Be thankful for your safety. Reflect on the blessing of security and safety.
Let them worship the Lord of this House, Who has fed them, [saving them] from hunger and made them safe, [saving them] from fear. [Quraysh 106:3-4]
If Al-Mu‘min gave you a safe place to live and work, show your thankfulness; many are not in this position and teach children to recognize this favour upon them.
7. Ask Al-Mu’min to bless you with emaan until your last breath and to adorn you with the characteristics of the mu‘minoon (believers) as mentioned in the Quran and Sunnah and in turn study these features so you can work on adopting them. When you are scared, turn to Al-Mu’min for safety. When your emaan is low ask Him to strengthen it. The Prophet salallahu ‗alayhi wa sallam taught this supplication (part of the full supplication mentioned in the morning and evening remembrance:
O Allah, veil my weaknesses and set at ease my dismay grant me aman
[Ibn Maajah, Abu Dawud]