This Name of Allah is mentioned once in the Qur’an. Allah says:
He is Allah, other than whom there is no deity, the Sovereign, the Pure, the Perfection, the Bestower of Faith, the Overseer, the Exalted in Might, the Compeller, the Superior. Exalted is Allah above whatever they associate with Him. [al Hashr 59:23]
Al-Ameen. Provides comfort, security, takes care of someone who is in fear. Protects, is trustworthy, takes care of someone who is in harm or fear Similar to. Ar-Raqeeb, Al Haafidh and Ash Shahid. someone who observes, watches, supervises, preserves.
The One who observes and watches over entire creation. Supervises/oversees every form of creation. Gives them what they need and guards them. Ibn kathir says: meaning of Muhaymin is that Allah is looking down on the creation, observing, supervising and whenever He sees someone deserving of reward He rewards, He gives rahma, rizq, and punishment, He is supervising the whole of creation. Similar to al-Mumin. Wanting to help those who are calling on Him to help. Looks upon His whole creation, their statements and their actions, and whenever He sees someone calling on Him using Muhaymin for help, then He helps them and supports them.
Benefits we can learn from this Name
1. Gives hearts comfort. The believer should be in comfort knowing that Allah is his supervisor and watcher and guard and that He knows about everything, your fears, troubles, those that are causing you discomfort. For every difficulty there is ease. For every difficulty Allah sends, there is 2 forms of ease;
1) ease after the difficulty. Have complete conviction that Allah will grant you ease. So in reality every difficulty is an ease, because knowing Allah is watching, supervising over us is a means of salvation in dunya and aakhirah. 2) Ease in its literal form, Allah will give you a means to come out of this difficulty, whenever you need or require anything from Allah.
2. Fulfils our goal of tawheed. Allah mentions Al Muhaymin after Al-Mu’min. When Names are coupled, it enhances its meaning. On yawmal qiyyamah, Allah will be the one who will watch over you and testify by everything that He saw of you in this life, for you or against you. Allah will grant you His support and help, because you are from the believers, whenever He notices you are in fear and need of help.
3. Gives believer tawakkul in Allah. Allah has promised the believers security, provisions. The One who is Just, the One who possesses mercy, so a believer should know whenever he is going through a difficulty, then he should rely on He who is the supervisor, He who watches over you.
4. Be aware that Al-Muhaymin is watching you. The Prophet salallahu ‗alayhi wa sallam said:
Be mindful of Allah and Allah will protect you… [at Tirmidhi] Al-Muhaymin sees every deed you do; He observes your reactions to situations and even witnesses your inner thoughts. Remind yourself constantly of this fact and let it motivate you to stay away from sins and temptations. Al-Muhaymin will protect you from harm and even from committing sins if you are mindful of Him and keep remembering Him in your actions.
5. Accept the decree. Believe with certainty that whatever Allah al-Muhaymin gives to you or keeps away from you is good for you, even though it does not always seem like it. He ‗azza wa jall is overseeing everything and everything is part of His plan. Complaining about your looks, about others‘ belongings, about missed opportunities, etcetera, are signs you have to strengthen your faith in Al-Muhaymin. Accepting and being content with His qadr (decree) will be your true key to the tranquillity (sakinah) in your heart that you are so badly longing for but cannot find in anything else in this whole wide world.
6. Use the Qur’an. Don‘t just read the Qur’an— interact with it, implement it, and memorize it. The Qur‘an is muhaymin, trustworthy in highness, and a witness. The Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam said:
Verily, Allah elevates some people with this Qur‘an and abases others. [Muslim] That is, those who fulfil the rights of the Qur‘an will be raised high in this world and in the hereafter; those who leave it will be put down. Make the Qur‘an a witness for you and not against you.
7. Ask Al-Muhaymin. Indeed the deen of Islam is itself manners, where anyone that surpasses you in manners, is better than you in deen. [Ibn al-Qayyim] While working on your character, never think you cannot change for the better, and ask Al-Muhaymin to help you. Ask Him to protect you from your own desires and weaknesses. Imagine the protection of a hen for her chicks and know that Al-Muhaymin‘s protection for you is beyond limits, so whenever you are in a difficult situation, you are scared, or feel lost, invoke Allah using this Name.
8. Protect your heart. The Prophet salallahu ‗alayhi wa sallam said:
There is a piece of flesh in the body if it becomes good (reformed) the whole body becomes good but if it gets spoilt the whole body gets spoilt and that is the heart. [Al Bukhari] Your heart is one of the greatest trusts given to you by Al-Muhaymin and it will be your most important witness when you stand before Him, so protect your heart. How? Gain knowledge about the types of diseases mentioned in the Qur’an and Sunnah and their symptoms, assess yourself, and then seek the cure. Scholars mentioned four of the greatest poisons of the heart as: unnecessary talking, unrestrained glances, too much food, and keeping bad company.
This Name of Allah is mentioned in the Qur’an 92 times and the majority of the time it has been mentioned after or before another Name. For example Allah says:
And indeed, your Lord – He is the Exalted in Might, the Merciful. [ash Shu’araa 26: 9]
Allah also says:
And the sun runs [on course] toward its stopping point. That is the determination of the Exalted in Might, the Knowing [Ya Seen 36: 38]
Linguistic meaning: comes from words ‘azah, which means:
· al quwaa – strength, power, might, authority
· shidda – strength, power, severity, force,
· ghalabah – dominance, supremacy, the upper hand
· al-‘izz – glory, honour, prestige, esteem
· ‘izza – pride, glorification
· rif’a – highness, loftiness.
· It means no one can triumph over Him, or subjugate Him or defeat Him. Name of glory and honour. Al Azeez will always have the upper hand.
· Al Azeez is the one who to all strength belongs to. Everything is subjected to Him. Allah says:
Whoever desires honour [through power] – then to Allah belongs all honour. To Him ascends good speech, and righteous work raises it. But they who plot evil deeds will have a severe punishment, and the plotting of those – it will perish. [al Faatir 35:10]
· He is glorious in every way, has power in all forms. All glory, all honour, all pride returns back to Allah.
· He is ash-shadeed, He is severe against those who harm the believers.
The One who is victorious, the One who can never be defeated or overcome, the One who is all powerful and severe, no one can take anything away from Him.
Ibn ul Qayyim rahimahullah wrote in his Nooniyyah: And He is al-Azeez whose status cannot be reached (overcome) How can He be reached, the owner of all Power? And He is al-‗Azeez, the Overpowering (al-Qaahir), the Subduing Overcomer. Nothing overcomes Him, so these are two characteristics. And He is al-Azeez, with Strength (quwwah) and this is His description. Al-Izz, therefore has three meanings. And these are the ones that are perfected for Him, free is He of all imperfection, from every single aspect, the One who is devoid of any deficiency.
Al Azeez and other Names
1) Azeezur Raheem mentioned 13 times in the Qur’an.
· If you look to the person who has power (or thinks they have power), then you see their rahma decreases the more powerful they become.Tthey become arrogant. But Allah, when He is Al Azeez, He is Azeez with Rahma. He has power, strength, and dominance over everything but with Rahma. “Indeed my mercy, will prevail over my wrath.” His glory and power always has rahma and His rahma always has glory and honour. Allah being Ar-Raheem, through being severe (shidda) in His Rahma, His Rahma becomes dominant over the creation. The most glorious form of mercy ever. He is Azeez in His Raheem. He has true power in His Mercy. Supreme form of Mercy. Mercy that is High and lofty.
2) Al-Hakeem is mentioned with Al-Azeez 46 times in the Qur’an.
· He is a Lord that has glory, power, dominance over everything, but He is still wise. He judges justly (another meaning of Hakeem is judge).
3) Al-Azeez is mentioned with Al-Ghafoor (to forgive) and Al-Ghaffar (to forgive and conceal/remove). This pairing comes in Al-Qur’an twice. Al-Ghaffar comes in Al-Qur’an 3 times after Al-Azeez. Ghaffar means to cover the sins of the slaves of Allah. To hide, conceal and remove as if they never existed so that on the scroll itself, that sin won’t be mentioned. So even though He has this power and glory, and even though He is supreme in having the upper hand in everything, He is also forgiving in everything and His forgiveness has azeez in it. Even after committing the greatest sin which is shirk, as soon as you ask for forgiveness and repent, Allah forgives you, He hides that sin and removes it and turns back to you, as you turn to Him in repentance. He is supreme in His forgiving; He forgives, and removes it from your scroll.
4) Al Azeez is also coupled with Al-Muqtadir. Muqtadir means Allah decreeing His decree. The power and authority He has, He can decree what He wants.
5) Allah also mentioned Al Azeez with ‘Aleem – One who knows everything. His knowledge is Azeez. All statements and actions, thoughts, and inclinations are known. He knows what would have happened if we done the things that we haven’t done. He knows what we didn’t do of good, so when a person would say allow me to go back and do the acts of good, Allah knows that even if he was to go back he wouldn’t do the acts of good. Allah being Aleem, is Azeez and He is Azeez in being Aleem.
Benefits we can learn from this Name
1. Having pure tawheed; no one deserves worship, glorification, du’a, reliance, trust, than the one who is Azeez. The one who is Azeez in the most true and perfect form. He subhana wa ta’aala deserves the acts of worship and only Him. He is the true meaning of Azeez. Allah has the perfect characteristic of this Name, and only Allah can possess the perfect characteristics. From the perfection of glory is that Allah has no form of deficiency.
2. Seek your strength from Al-Azeez. Having faith in Al-Azeez gives you courage because you know Your Lord is unbeatable. Whatever He wills happens, even if the people will otherwise, and whatever He wills not to happen, will not, even if the people will for it. So only work to seek His pleasure and be confident He will help you. He has power over all things, so accept whatever happens to you and show sabr (perseverance) and shukr (gratefulness) for whatever befalls you. When you feel weak or overpowered, turn to Al-Azeez for strength.
3. There‘s no hiding from Al-Azeez. Let Al-Azeez make you recognise that no matter who you are, how pious or ―high-positioned‖ you are, you can never hide from His might and power. The repetition of Al-Azeez in the Quran can teach you that you constantly have to remind yourself that you can never go against His Will, and He is mighty against those who disobey Him.
4. Power doesn‘t mean honour. Always use your own ―power‖ or authority in an honourable way, over your children or spouse for example. Train yourself to have strength to resist desires by reminding yourself of the wisdom Al-Azeez, who uses His power with wisdom, and always try to strengthen others with your advice, skills, or company. The Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam said:
Whoever a believer is humiliated before him and he does not help him when he is able to do so, Allah will humiliate him before the creation on the day of judgment. [Ahmad]
5. Honour trusts. The Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam said:
All of a Muslim is inviolable to another Muslim: his blood, his wealth and his honour [Muslim]. Don‘t harm others by your tongue or hand; don‘t backbite, slander, or misuse their belongings or even expose their faults. You can even earn Allah‘s protection from the Fire by defending someone’s honor. The Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam said:
Whoever defends the honor of his brother, then Allah will protect his face from the Hellfire on the Day of Resurrection. [At-Tirmidhi] An example is to rebut back-biting in a company and to mention something good about the person in his or her absence. Your relationships with others are a trust (amaanah) from Al-Azeez and you should honor each trust you are given— in your dealings with others, as well as your own body and emaan— by looking after them according to the guidelines of Al-Azeez.
6. Know that your izzah is in Islam . Your honour does not lie in money, power, or looks; rather your honour is only in Islam. How many seek honour from other things or people? Al-Azeez said:
Those who take disbelievers as allies (or helpers or friends) instead of believers, do they seek with them honour [through power] But indeed honour belongs to Allah entirely? [an Nisaa 4: 139] Seek your honour in this life and the next from Al-Azeez only, by obeying Him and following His Messenger. In dunya, mankind has been created to want glory and to want power. If you want true glory, true honour, then know that with Allah is all forms of glory. Real glory lies in the deen of Allah. Take the characteristic of this Name of Allah, and live by it. We can implement it in our hearts by having ‘izza for our deen. Be proud of being a Muslim because this is the religion of strength, glory, honour and the only religion which is promised Jannah. We may be the minority in the people when it comes to worshipping Allah but, we are the majority in the creation and this is a great source of comfort for Muslims across the world.
Whatever is in the heavens and earth exalts Allah, and He is the Exalted in Might, the Wise. [al Hadeed 57:1]
This is the way we get glory, by showing Islam, by proclaiming tawheed, by living Islam. Allah has chosen us to be His examples on Earth. The benefit is that we take the characteristic of izza, in following the religion of Al- Azeez. Allah grants and gives whoever He wants from His ‘izza. Allah says:
Say, “O Allah, Owner of Sovereignty, You give sovereignty to whom You will and You take sovereignty away from whom You will. You honor whom You will and You humble whom You will. In Your hand is [all] good. Indeed, You are over all things competent.
[ale Imran 3: 26]
Side point: We have to call upon Allah by His Names which are in Arabic. No other language can be used when calling upon Allah by His Names. i.e. one must say Ya Rahman not O Most Merciful.