4) Ar Rabb
This Name of Allah is Mentioned in the Qur’an 900 times. For example Allah says:
[All] praise is [due] to Allah , Lord of the worlds [al Faatihah, 1:1]
It is often found in the Qur’an in the form of mudhafun – possessing something. For example; Rabbul ‘alameen, possessing the worlds.
Ibn Athir mentions that Rabb is al Malik – the King, the owner, al Muddabir, – the one who grants tarbiyyah/changes form one state to another state, al Mun’im the one who grants blessings. The asl of the word Rabb comes from At-Tarbiyyah – to change one thing to another, and then to change it again, making it better.
Lordship, owner of everything.
· Names of power stem from the Name Ar Rabb.
· The 3 Names that form the foundation to all other Names, is Allah, Ar-Rabb and Ar Rahman.
· Grants roobubiyyah to everything He has created which it is categorised into 2:
1) ‘aam – general, provides blessing and provision for the whole of humanity
2) khasah – specific to the Muslims only, providing for them eeman, taqwa, hidayah, obedience. Grants people from what He owns.
· Rabb is one of the commonly used Names when making du’a. The Prophets and Messengers used to adorn their du’as with the Name Rabb as seen in the Qu’ran.
For example Ibraheem alayhi salam made the following du’a:
Our Lord, and make us Muslims [in submission] to You and from our descendants a Muslim nation [in submission] to You. And show us our rites and accept our repentance. Indeed, You are the Accepting of repentance, the Merciful. [al Baqarah 2:128]
Nuh alayhi salam made this du’a:
My Lord, forgive me and my parents and whoever enters my house a believer and the believing men and believing women. And do not increase the wrongdoers except in destruction.” [Nuh 71:28]
Use the Name of Allah Ar-Rabb when making du’a.
Benefits we can learn from this Name
1. Know that He is the Lord of everything, King of the worlds and His kingship is never taken away. He provides provisions for everyone and this doesn’t decrease his kingdom in the slightest
2. Ibn Qayyim says that Allah couples Rabbul alameen with Rahman. This shows us when He rose above His throne with Rahma He also did so with Rahma, we are surrounded by His provisions, wherever we see around us, we see signs of Allah’s kingship.
3. Feel it when you say Rabb-il-‗Alameen. In your five prayers, we recite surah Al-Fatiha a minimum of seventeen times a day, and which ayah do we recite as part of this opening surah? Alhamdulillahi Rabb-il-Alameen All praise and thanks are to the Lord of the Worlds. Next time you say this, feel the greatness of your Rabb and imagine He is not only the Rabb of the world of humans, but also the Rabb of the angels, jinns, and all the galaxies, and He takes care of everything in existence 24/7. Let this increase your love, fear and hope in Him each time you say ―Rabb-il-‗Alameen
4. Live by tawheed ar-ruboobiyyah. Realise what tawheed ar-ruboobiyyah means in your daily life and really live by the fact that only Allah is your Lord, Provider, and Sustainer. How many times do we turn to other people instead of Allah for our needs, when we have to make certain decisions? So when you or others are in ill health or afraid to sacrifice in the path of Allah, know that only Ar-Rabb can give life and death. When you are worried and distressed, know that only Ar-Rabb can bring benefit and ward off harm, and when you need something, know that only He answers prayers.
5. Use the Rabbanaa supplications from the Quran. The most comprehensive and beautiful supplications can be found in the Quran and Sunnah, made by the prophets, messengers and pious before us. In the Quran you can find a selection of supplications starting with Rabbanaa, Our Lord, or Rabbee, my Lord. For example the 2 stated above, and another beautiful example is the supplication to make for the parents:
And lower to them the wing of humility out of mercy and say, “My Lord, have mercy upon them as they brought me up [when I was] small.” [al-Israa 17:24]
6. Trust in your Lord. Know that Ar-Rabb takes care of you in all situations and trust in all His actions because they are good for you. Take inspiration from this beautiful
[Moses] said, ―No! Indeed, with me is my Lord; He will guide me. [ash-Shu’ara 26:62]
In conclusion, Allah is the possessor of all kingdom and all provisions. This possession is literal – haqeeqi, owning it forever. Ask Him, as He possesses. Make du’a to Him and He will give you.
Al Malik, Al Maleek wal Maalik
5) Al Malik
This Name of Allah appears in the Qu’ran 5 times. For example Allah says:
Sovereign of the day of judgement [al Faatihah 1:4]
(recited as malik in other qira’ah i.e without the alif)
The Sovereign of mankind [an Naas 114:2]
6) Al Maleek
This Name of Allah appears in the Qur’an once. Allah says:
In a seat of honour near a Sovereign, Perfect in ability. [al Qamar 54:55]
7) Al Maalik
Sovereign of the day of judgement [al Faatihah 1:4]
Say; O Allah Owner of Sovereignty. You give sovereignty to whom You will and You take sovereignty away from whom You will. You honor whom You will and You humble whom You will. In Your hand is [all] good. Indeed, You are over all things competent. [ale Imran 3:26]
comes from the word Mulk which means; to posses, to own exclusively, to exercise authority, to have dominion over reign, to have command over, to have ruling/power, kingship. It is Allah to whom belongs the dominion of the heavens and earth
· Al-Malik – means a King whereby there is nothing over Him, no one has authority over Him, no one is above Him, no one is greater than him.
· Al Maalik – to posses, be the owner of, – when these Names are mentioned side by side (for example in al Faatihah), the meaning is enhanced. Allah is Al Maalik and Al Malik, – He is the King and the Owner.
· Al Maleek – has full rule over the thing. The King of the worlds, the possessor, He has full authority over it and His rule is the final rule.
In Surah Al Faatihah Allah specifies yawmadeen because in the dunya there are rules that displease Him, and He allows people to have authority, but on yawmal qiyyamah there will only be one King, one possessor and one rule.
The day that the spirit and the angels will stand in rows, they will not speak except for one whom the Most Merciful permits and he will say what is correct. [an-Naba 78:38]
· These Names show Allah’s stature over everything.
· Ibn Qayyim says; He is the one who gives life to whoever He wants to from His kingdom and He takes life from whoever He wants to from His kingdom.
· He possesses everything and gives whatever He wants to whoever He wants. No deficiency in His giving. When He gives, He doesn’t lose.
· He forgives whoever He wants to forgive, punishes whoever He wants to punish.
· He is Perfect in His Mulk, Lordship, Kingship.
Ibn Umar narrates Rasooullah sallallahu alayhi wassalam said;
Allah will seize the earth on the Day of Resurrection and will roll up the heavens in His Right Hand, then He will say, I am the King, where are the kings of the earth? Where are the ones who were arragont?‘ [Al Bukhari]
And on that day you will see the true reality of the kingdom of Allah. Angels will carry the throne of Allah. The Arsh Needs Allah and the angels need Allah. Allah doesn’t need/require anything. Ibn Abbas says it will be 8 groups of angels that carry the Throne and the distance between their ears and shoulder is a distance of 70,000 year journey.
Al Malik and other Names
When Allah mentions the Name Malik He also mentions Quddus. This gives a greater understanding to the Name. Al-Quddus means someone pure from any defect. He owns and His ownership is pure from any defect.
Benefits we can learn from these Names
1. True tawheed is the understanding that the One who owns everything, deserves to be asked and worshipped. It doesn’t make sense to ask someone who doesn’t have that in their possession. e.g. asking the awliya like the Messengers leads to deficiency in tawheed and it is committing shirk. They do not deserve to be asked. The One who deserves is the one who is Pure and Perfect in His Kingdom, Ownership and Kingship.
2. Fear of Allah, that on that day when the entire kingdom will be before us, we will see the reality of the kingdom of Allah. Allah is Pure and Perfect in His Kingdom and He is Just in His Kingdom, He grants to His believers whatever they want as long as they come to Him with tawheed.
3. Whenever you feel disheartened, tell yourself Allah ‗azza wa jall is your Malik and you are part of His Kingdom. He does whatever He wants and when something bad happens to you, know this is from His Wisdom and that no matter how impossible your situation or ambitions seem, you can always ask Him only for a way out. Nothing is impossible for Al-Malik.
4. Be just. All kings and owners, just or unjust, are low compared to Al-Malik. You are responsible for whatever you have authority over, and you will be accountable for it. In reality you don‘t own anything; it all belongs to Al-Malik. So be just to your spouses, children, and even animals, and remind yourself that you will be dealt with by the King on the Day of Judgement.
5. Humble yourself in heart and body. Never be arrogant, and keep reminding yourself that you are an abd (slave) of Al-Malik, no matter how rich or self-sufficient you might feel. Al-Malik reminds you of what your priority in your daily-life should be: Then High above all be Allah, the True King. Be humble in your heart but also in your speech and appearance.