An Explanation of Allahs Beautiful Names and Attributes part 4

8) Al-Quddus
This Name of Allah is mentioned in the Qur’an twice. Allah says:
He is Allah, other than whom there is no deity, the Sovereign, the Pure, the Perfection, the Bestower of Faith, the Overseer, the Exalted in Might, the Compeller, the Superior. Exalted is Allah above whatever they associate with Him. [al Hashr 59: 23]
And:
 
Whatever is in the heavens and whatever is on the earth is exalting Allah , the Sovereign, the Pure, the Exalted in Might, the Wise. [al- Jumu’ah 62: 1]
 
Linguistic meaning:
1) Means to be pure, to be clean. Purifying ourselves for Allah. Baytal Maqdis is called the house of pure, in filistene. All of the Names of Allah are Husna. So Allah is pure without ever being impure.
2) Means Barakah/ blessing. e.g. Al ardal muqaddisah – The blessed land – Ash Shaam. The ultimate blessings are in Allah’s Names.
 
Shar’ee meaning:
Al-Quddus means as Ibn Qayyim says: pure from any form of defect, evil or deficiency, – taahir, pure in every single respect and every single form. Pure in the ultimate sense.
 
[He is] Creator of the heavens and the earth. He has made for you from yourselves, mates, and among the cattle, mates; He multiplies you thereby. There is nothing like unto Him, and He is the Hearing, the Seeing. [ash Shuraa 42:11]
 
Say, ―He is Allah [who is] One, [al Ikhlaas 112:1]
All His Names and Attributes are pure with no deficiencies, faults or errors at all.
 
Benefits that we can learn from this Name
1. Muhabbah for Allah. We are worshipping a Lord who is ultimately Pure and that never comes out of being pure. He is Pure and Perfect in His barakah. Hadith in Sahih Muslim. After looking at the face of Allah (in Jannah) the believers will return back and the people will say, you have become even more beautiful. Because the faces that see Allah became clean and pure. But the people who looked at Allah, they will say, you have also become more beautiful, face has become pure, one filled with blessings, as it saw a face that had seen the face of Allah subhana ta’alaa.
2. He is Quddus in His statements in His Actions, everything He has said, done, going to do. All His characteristics are Quddus. Words that are purified and blessed, so they will purify and bless us. We are covered in the tahara of Al Quddus. There is no greater effect on the believers but the words of Al Quddus. The one who wants to purify themselves and bless themselves, then they should turn to the words of Al Quddus. Choose the blessing of Allah, His kalam, it is pure and it is the greatest of blessings. It is the greatest way to give you tahara in your body, soul, and heart. Let the Quran purify you.
 
But the ones who believe and do righteous deeds – We will admit them to gardens beneath which rivers flow, wherein they will abide forever. [It is] the promise of Allah [which is] truth, and who is more truthful than Allah in statement. [an Nisaa 4:122]
The Speech of Al-Quddus is pure and is a cure, healing, and guidance for you to purify yourself. So turn to the Qur’an to seek cure from the diseases of your heart, let the ayat help you to improve your character, and recite the Qur’an daily to clean your heart and bring tranquillity to your body.
3. His rule/sharee’ah and laws are all pure and full of barakah. Sometimes we don’t see a fruit of a particular law, due to lack of eemaan. But the believer should say that whatever He hears from Allah it will be Quddus, all the Commandments of Allah will be blessed. And we will be blessed in doing it. Because they have come from Al Quddus, they are blessings, and purification for us.
4. Malik al Quddus and Maalik al Quddus. The Kingship of Allah, and the Mulk of Allah, the Authority of Allah, the Ownership, are all pure.
5. Having true eemaan in Al Quddus, shows this will purify you. Allah has prescribed it a reason for every ibadah we do even if we do not understand it. It is pure and so there is purification in it for us. Every trial we face, we know that Al-Quddus has sent us this and we know that this will purify us. So the one who learns the Names and Attributes of Allah, begins to live life differently. He begins to have eemaan in everything that Allah has blessed them with and knows that any trial is purification for them in the Dunya and Aakhirah.
6. Have a pure belief in Al-Quddus. Believe in the oneness of Al-Quddus and make sure your creed (or aqeedah) is pure by studying the types of tawheed and their practical meanings in your daily life from trustworthy sources, like Kitaab ut -Tawheed (The Book of Tawheed) by ibn Abd Al-Wahhab.
7. Praise Al-Quddus. Say alhamdulilah and subhanAllah from the bottom of your heart. The Prophet salallahu ‗alayhi wa sallam used to say in his prayer while in the bowing position (ruku):
Glorified, Holy, Lord of the angels and the Ruh (Jibra’il alayhi salam). [Muslim]
You can add this beautiful invocation to enhance your prayer.
8. Purify yourself through prayer. The Prophet salallahu ‗alayhi wa sallam asked the companions:
 
If someone bathes in a river outside of his house five times a day, will there be any impurity left on him? [Muslim]
Visualise your prayer as cleansing your body and soul. Your prayer also protects you: Allah says:
 
Recite, [O Muhammad], what has been revealed to you of the Book and establish prayer. Indeed, prayer prohibits immorality and wrongdoing, and the remembrance of Allah is greater. And Allah knows that which you do. [al Ankaboot 29:45]
9. Give the best sadaqah. Give zakah (obligatory) and sadaqah (charity) to ―purify and increase your wealth.
Take, [O Muhammad], from their wealth a charity by which you purify them and cause them increase, and invoke [Allah ‘s blessings] upon them. Indeed, your invocations are reassurance for them. And Allah is Hearing and Knowing. [at Tawbah 9:103]
Remind yourself when you give sadaqah to give the best, as Allah is Al-Quddus and He deserves the best to be given for His sake. Aishah radiyalahu anha used to perfume the charity she gave.
10. Be clean inside and out and strive to purify and keep renewing your intentions when you do a good deed. Be thoughtful with your wudu; do your best to not only keep your belongings and house clean, but also your environment by not throwing litter and by removing harmful objects. Consume healthy and permissible food and drink— bought with halal earnings— and teach children this way of living
11. Ask Al-Quddus. The Prophet salallahu‘ alayhi wa sallam used to ask Al-Quddus at the beginning of prayer:
 
O Allah, distance me from my sins just as You have distanced The East from The West, O Allah, purify me of my sins as a white robe is purified of filth, O Allah, cleanse me of my sins with snow, water, and ice. [Al-Bukhari, Muslim]
Use and reflect on this supplication as it contains all forms of purification: distancing (moving far away from dirt and deficiencies), removing dirt or filth, and washing or cleansing, so no impurity remains at the end.
· Al Quddus, He is Taahir, One with infinite blessings (siffat dhaatiyyah) and He purifies and grants blessings (siffat f’iliyyah.)
· Side note: Ruhul Quddus – soul that is blessed. Title Given to Jibreel alayhi saalam because He is the one who comes down with revelation. He heard it from Allah and passed it to the Messengers. Blessed and completely pure.
Advertisements

An Explanation of Allahs Beautiful Names and Attributes part3

Ar Rabb
4) Ar Rabb
This Name of Allah is Mentioned in the Qur’an 900 times. For example Allah says:
[All] praise is [due] to Allah , Lord of the worlds [al Faatihah, 1:1]
It is often found in the Qur’an in the form of mudhafun – possessing something. For example; Rabbul ‘alameen, possessing the worlds.
 
Linguistic meaning:
Ibn Athir mentions that Rabb is al Malik – the King, the owner, al Muddabir, – the one who grants tarbiyyah/changes form one state to another state, al Mun’im the one who grants blessings. The asl of the word Rabb comes from At-Tarbiyyah – to change one thing to another, and then to change it again, making it better.
 
Shar’ee meaning;
Lordship, owner of everything.
· Names of power stem from the Name Ar Rabb.
· The 3 Names that form the foundation to all other Names, is Allah, Ar-Rabb and Ar Rahman.
· Grants roobubiyyah to everything He has created which it is categorised into 2:
1) ‘aam – general, provides blessing and provision for the whole of humanity
2) khasah – specific to the Muslims only, providing for them eeman, taqwa, hidayah, obedience. Grants people from what He owns.
· Rabb is one of the commonly used Names when making du’a. The Prophets and Messengers used to adorn their du’as with the Name Rabb as seen in the Qu’ran.
For example Ibraheem alayhi salam made the following du’a:
 
Our Lord, and make us Muslims [in submission] to You and from our descendants a Muslim nation [in submission] to You. And show us our rites and accept our repentance. Indeed, You are the Accepting of repentance, the Merciful. [al Baqarah 2:128]
Nuh alayhi salam made this du’a:
 
My Lord, forgive me and my parents and whoever enters my house a believer and the believing men and believing women. And do not increase the wrongdoers except in destruction.” [Nuh 71:28]
Use the Name of Allah Ar-Rabb when making du’a.
 
Benefits we can learn from this Name
1. Know that He is the Lord of everything, King of the worlds and His kingship is never taken away. He provides provisions for everyone and this doesn’t decrease his kingdom in the slightest
2. Ibn Qayyim says that Allah couples Rabbul alameen with Rahman. This shows us when He rose above His throne with Rahma He also did so with Rahma, we are surrounded by His provisions, wherever we see around us, we see signs of Allah’s kingship.
3. Feel it when you say Rabb-il-‗Alameen. In your five prayers, we recite surah Al-Fatiha a minimum of seventeen times a day, and which ayah do we recite as part of this opening surah? Alhamdulillahi Rabb-il-Alameen All praise and thanks are to the Lord of the Worlds. Next time you say this, feel the greatness of your Rabb and imagine He is not only the Rabb of the world of humans, but also the Rabb of the angels, jinns, and all the galaxies, and He takes care of everything in existence 24/7. Let this increase your love, fear and hope in Him each time you say ―Rabb-il-‗Alameen
4. Live by tawheed ar-ruboobiyyah. Realise what tawheed ar-ruboobiyyah means in your daily life and really live by the fact that only Allah is your Lord, Provider, and Sustainer. How many times do we turn to other people instead of Allah for our needs, when we have to make certain decisions? So when you or others are in ill health or afraid to sacrifice in the path of Allah, know that only Ar-Rabb can give life and death. When you are worried and distressed, know that only Ar-Rabb can bring benefit and ward off harm, and when you need something, know that only He answers prayers.
5. Use the Rabbanaa supplications from the Quran. The most comprehensive and beautiful supplications can be found in the Quran and Sunnah, made by the prophets, messengers and pious before us. In the Quran you can find a selection of supplications starting with Rabbanaa, Our Lord, or Rabbee, my Lord. For example the 2 stated above, and another beautiful example is the supplication to make for the parents:
And lower to them the wing of humility out of mercy and say, “My Lord, have mercy upon them as they brought me up [when I was] small.” [al-Israa 17:24]
6. Trust in your Lord. Know that Ar-Rabb takes care of you in all situations and trust in all His actions because they are good for you. Take inspiration from this beautiful
ayah:
[Moses] said, ―No! Indeed, with me is my Lord; He will guide me. [ash-Shu’ara 26:62]
In conclusion, Allah is the possessor of all kingdom and all provisions. This possession is literal – haqeeqi, owning it forever. Ask Him, as He possesses. Make du’a to Him and He will give you.
Al Malik, Al Maleek wal Maalik
 
5) Al Malik
This Name of Allah appears in the Qu’ran 5 times. For example Allah says:
 
Sovereign of the day of judgement [al Faatihah 1:4]
(recited as malik in other qira’ah i.e without the alif)
The Sovereign of mankind [an Naas 114:2]
 
6) Al Maleek
This Name of Allah appears in the Qur’an once. Allah says:
 
In a seat of honour near a Sovereign, Perfect in ability. [al Qamar 54:55]
 
7) Al Maalik
Sovereign of the day of judgement [al Faatihah 1:4]
Say; O Allah Owner of Sovereignty. You give sovereignty to whom You will and You take sovereignty away from whom You will. You honor whom You will and You humble whom You will. In Your hand is [all] good. Indeed, You are over all things competent. [ale Imran 3:26]
 
Linguistic meaning: 
comes from the word Mulk which means; to posses, to own exclusively, to exercise authority, to have dominion over reign, to have command over, to have ruling/power, kingship. It is Allah to whom belongs the dominion of the heavens and earth
 
Shar’ee meaning:
· Al-Malik – means a King whereby there is nothing over Him, no one has authority over Him, no one is above Him, no one is greater than him.
· Al Maalik – to posses, be the owner of, – when these Names are mentioned side by side (for example in al Faatihah), the meaning is enhanced. Allah is Al Maalik and Al Malik, – He is the King and the Owner.
· Al Maleek – has full rule over the thing. The King of the worlds, the possessor, He has full authority over it and His rule is the final rule.
In Surah Al Faatihah Allah specifies yawmadeen because in the dunya there are rules that displease Him, and He allows people to have authority, but on yawmal qiyyamah there will only be one King, one possessor and one rule.
The day that the spirit and the angels will stand in rows, they will not speak except for one whom the Most Merciful permits and he will say what is correct. [an-Naba 78:38]
· These Names show Allah’s stature over everything.
· Ibn Qayyim says; He is the one who gives life to whoever He wants to from His kingdom and He takes life from whoever He wants to from His kingdom.
· He possesses everything and gives whatever He wants to whoever He wants. No deficiency in His giving. When He gives, He doesn’t lose.
· He forgives whoever He wants to forgive, punishes whoever He wants to punish.
· He is Perfect in His Mulk, Lordship, Kingship.
Ibn Umar narrates Rasooullah sallallahu alayhi wassalam said;
Allah will seize the earth on the Day of Resurrection and will roll up the heavens in His Right Hand, then He will say, I am the King, where are the kings of the earth? Where are the ones who were arragont?‘ [Al Bukhari]
And on that day you will see the true reality of the kingdom of Allah. Angels will carry the throne of Allah. The Arsh Needs Allah and the angels need Allah. Allah doesn’t need/require anything. Ibn Abbas says it will be 8 groups of angels that carry the Throne and the distance between their ears and shoulder is a distance of 70,000 year journey.
 
Al Malik and other Names
When Allah mentions the Name Malik He also mentions Quddus. This gives a greater understanding to the Name. Al-Quddus means someone pure from any defect. He owns and His ownership is pure from any defect.
 
Benefits we can learn from these Names
1. True tawheed is the understanding that the One who owns everything, deserves to be asked and worshipped. It doesn’t make sense to ask someone who doesn’t have that in their possession. e.g. asking the awliya like the Messengers leads to deficiency in tawheed and it is committing shirk. They do not deserve to be asked. The One who deserves is the one who is Pure and Perfect in His Kingdom, Ownership and Kingship.
2. Fear of Allah, that on that day when the entire kingdom will be before us, we will see the reality of the kingdom of Allah. Allah is Pure and Perfect in His Kingdom and He is Just in His Kingdom, He grants to His believers whatever they want as long as they come to Him with tawheed.
3. Whenever you feel disheartened, tell yourself Allah ‗azza wa jall is your Malik and you are part of His Kingdom. He does whatever He wants and when something bad happens to you, know this is from His Wisdom and that no matter how impossible your situation or ambitions seem, you can always ask Him only for a way out. Nothing is impossible for Al-Malik.
4. Be just. All kings and owners, just or unjust, are low compared to Al-Malik. You are responsible for whatever you have authority over, and you will be accountable for it. In reality you don‘t own anything; it all belongs to Al-Malik. So be just to your spouses, children, and even animals, and remind yourself that you will be dealt with by the King on the Day of Judgement.
5. Humble yourself in heart and body. Never be arrogant, and keep reminding yourself that you are an abd (slave) of Al-Malik, no matter how rich or self-sufficient you might feel. Al-Malik reminds you of what your priority in your daily-life should be: Then High above all be Allah, the True King. Be humble in your heart but also in your speech and appearance.

An Explanation of Allahs Names and Attributes part 2

1) Allah
  • Allah‘ is the asl (original) Name, the default Name. We use the Name Allah first.
  • Origin of all the other Names and Attributes. hu wallahu lathee‖ It is the main name.
  • Allah‘ means all the Names and Attributes, the name Allah consists of all the other names. Allah means Ar-Rahman, Ar-Raheem etc.
  • All the Names and Attributes stem from Allah. It has a profound meaning. This is the name that Allah has taken for Himself that no one can name themselves as.
  • Rasoolullah sallalahu alayhi wassalam heard a man making a du’a, He said, you have called upon Allah, by a Name that if you ask Him by He will grant you His request, by His Mightiest Name – Allah.
  • The Name Allah is mentioned in the Qu’ran the most number of times; 2224 times.
  • Allah chose to instil it in the kalimah of tawheed.
  • Allah chose to describe His Messengers and prophets with the name Rasool Allah or Nabi Allah. He takes honour and pride when speaking about His Prophets and Messengers and this is shown in Him using the name Allah when describing them.
Linguistic meaning:
 
  • Ilah, a deity or something that is worshipped.
  • Added alif laam-―the‖ to make Al-Ilah -The deity. The hamza is wiped off so the laam is joined, So it becomes ALLAH. To show mightiness, honour of Allah’s Names, we prolong it at the end. The word Allah is unique, the Name which refers to the Being Himself as His personal Name and it encompasses all of the divine Names and Attributes of perfection.
Shar’ee meaning:
  • Ibn Qayyim said: Allah is the One who is deserving of complete and pure worship. People worship other deities but the Name Allah shows that He is the only one deserved to be worshipped. No matter how much worship we do, we will never do as much as He subhana wa ta’aala deserves. No one on the earth deserves to be worshipped but Him. He, Allah, is truly deserving.
The verb ‗abada – from the root ‗ayn-baa-daal– means to worship. But what is worship? Worship is a combination of love and obedience; love without obedience isn‘t worship and neither is obedience without love.
Who deserves mankind‘s utmost love and obedience? It is Allah, the One who created, in perfection, mankind, the seven heavens and the earth, and all they contain. Therefore no one but Allah has the right to be worshipped.
 
Benefits we can learn from this Name
1. Turn to Him. Allah describes the beautiful and direct relationship between Himself and the believer in a hadith qudsi:
 
O son of Adam, so long as you call upon Me, and hope in Me, I shall forgive you for what you have done, and I shall not mind. O son of Adam, were your sins to reach the clouds in the sky and were you then to ask forgiveness of Me, I shall forgive you. O son of Adam, were you to come to Me with an earthful of sins and were you then to face Me, without having associated anything with Me, I shall grant you an earthful of pardon. [At-Tirmidhi]
Turn to Him in times of ease and hardship and you will find happiness and tranquillity that cannot be found in anything other than Him.
2. Love Allah. It instils muhabba (love) in our hearts that takes precedence over the love of our self, the dunya and everything else that is instilled in our hearts. By Allah calling himself Allah, it shows that our purpose is to worship Him. All Names and Attributes come from this Name. Through Allah and His Name Allah, we have a Lord that has Rahma for us, that cares, that supports and helps us, that provides for us, etc.
3. Gives Him the right of worship. When Allah is mentioned amongst us we should feel different. It is the Name of the One who deserves all of our worship, the One who deserves our lives. When Allah is mentioned to the believers, they should feel fear, fear that they are not able to fulfil the ibadah that He deserves. Allah is the Name of worship.
4. Say Bismillah. The Prophet (saw) said: Any significant act that does not begin in the Name of Allah is severed (of blessings). [An-Nasaa‘i]
When you say the basmalah– the saying of bismillah– in the Name of Allah — or bismillaahir rahmaanir raheem it makes you conscious of Allah because you are invoking Him. When you say bismillah before beginning something, it means you are seeking Allah‘s blessings and help in what you are going to do next. Make it a habit and teach it to your children; if they say the basmalah throughout their lives and teach it to their offspring until the Day of Judgement, it will be an ongoing reward for you. This practice also helps you to refrain from sinful deeds, as how can you start something wrong in the Name of Allah? So say the basmalah when you eat, drink, undress, travel, etc., and make it your most productive habit.
By saying Allah, we know that we are talking about a Lord that possesses all His Names and Attributes. The Master of everything, the Creator, the One who will hold us to account, who will speak to us one by one and ask about our sins. When we say Allah, we are talking about the All Just. The Name Allah gives us both hope and fear.
2) Ar-Rahman 3) Ar-Raheem
 
The Name Ar-Rahman is mentioned 57 times in the Qur’an. For example Allah says:
The Entirely Merciful, the Especially Merciful, [al Faatihah, 1:3]
The Name Ar Raheem is mentioned 123 times. For example Allah says:
 
Say, “O My servants who have transgressed against themselves [by sinning], do not despair of the mercy of Allah . Indeed, Allah forgives all sins. Indeed, it is He who is the Forgiving, the Merciful.” [az Zumar 39:53]
Both Names come from the word Rahma– which means to have mercy. Ar Rahman means The One who possesses has mercy. Ar Raheem means The One who gives mercy. Rasoolullah sallalahu alayhi wassalam said Allah says: I am Rahman and this is a womb (Rahem) I have taken from this womb, a Name for my Name. [At Tirmidhi]
The womb covers a baby when it‘s inside of it. It provides for the baby everything it needs. Similarly, we are surrounded by Allah’s mercy. Allah is telling us that Ar Rahman is like a womb we are all covered in His mercy. To further emphasise this, Allah chose this Name when affirming His rising above His throne, to show that everything below Him is covered with His Mercy. The throne, the angels, the sky, the stars, rivers and seas, animals we eat from, everything! He possesses perfect Mercy, without any form of deficiency. No one can be more merciful than Him. Ar-Raheem is the one who gives mercy, the one who forgives, grants you provision through His mercy, created the world through His mercy, the One who shows mercy. Ar Raheem is sifatul Fi’liyah – description of Allah in His actions (Fi’al) Ar Rahman is sifatul zaatiyaah – description of Allah’s self. Some Name combines both description of Himself and His action, e.g. Ar Razaaq. He is the provider and He provides.
 
When Allah decreed the Creation He pledged Himself by writing in His book which is laid down with Him: My mercy prevails over my wrath.[Muslim]
He is a Lord of rahma, forgiving, love, hope. Allah says about Himself in the Qur‘an:
 
And when those come to you who believe in Our verses, say, “Peace be upon you.
 
Your Lord has decreed upon Himself mercy: that any of you who does wrong out of ignorance and then repents after that and corrects himself – indeed, He is Forgiving and Merciful.” [Al An‘aam 6:54]
 
Signs of Allah’s Rahma
 
  • That He described himself with Rahma.
  • That he taught us the Qur’an. This is the greatest mercy to us. Al Qur’an is a sifaat of Allah, Allah spoke it. It is the greatest form of rahma. There is no better form of mercy than living life in Jannah, but this can only be obtained from knowing what leads us to Jannah and we can only know this by knowing and learning the Qur’an.
  • Allah has also created rahma. He made Muhammad sallalahu alayhi wassallam a Prophet of mercy.
  • Allah has made 100 forms of rahma and He has sent 1 out of 100 on Earth. Abu Hurairah (RadiyAllahu Anhu) reported: Messenger of Allah sallalahu alahyi wassalam said:
  • “Allah has divided mercy into one hundred parts; and He retained with Him ninety-nine parts, and sent down to earth one part. Through this one part creatures deal with one another with compassion, so much so that an animal lifts its hoof over its young lest it should hurt it” [Al Bukhari, Muslim]
  • From the portions of 99 that He saved for yawamal qiyyamah is that he made Rasoolullah sallalahu alayhi wassalam more merciful on yawmal qiyyamah than in the world.
Allah has granted His slaves rahma.
  • Rahma ‘aam (general) – to the whole of creation, kuffar, and mumin. Providing for everyone etc.
  • Rahma khaasah (specific) – only for the people He loves. Granted them the ilm of Islam, made them Muslims, given them eemaan., allowed them to worship Allah. Forgiving them for their sins even if they didn’t make tawbah. This is specific for the ummah of Muhammad sallalahu alayhi wassallam.
  • Narrated Abu Huraira: I heard the Prophet saying, “If somebody commits a sin and then says, ‘O my Lord! I have sinned, please forgive me!’ and his Lord says, ‘My slave has known that he has a Lord who forgives sins and punishes for it, I therefore have forgiven my slave (his sins).’ Then he remains without committing any sin for a while and then again commits another sin and says, ‘O my Lord, I have committed another sin, please forgive me,’ and Allah says, ‘My slave has known that he has a Lord who forgives sins and punishes for it, I therefore have forgiven my slave (his sin). Then he remains without committing any other sin for a while and then commits another sin (for the third time) and says, ‘O my Lord, I have committed another sin, please forgive me,’ and Allah says, ‘My slave has known that he has a Lord Who forgives sins and punishes for it I therefore have forgiven My slave (his sin), he can do whatever he likes.” [Al Bukhari]
He wipes away the sins, as if it doesn’t exist. Allah forgives them and wipes them away. He subhana wa ta’alaa becomes so happy when His slaves turn to Him in repentance. Al-Bara’ b. ‘Azib reported Allah’s Messenger sallalahu alayhi wassalam as saying that Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) said:
 
What is your opinion about the delight of a person whose camel loaded with the provisions of food and drink is lost and that moves about with its nose-string trailing upon the waterless desert in which there is neither food nor drink, and lie wanders about in search of that until he is completely exhausted and then accidentally it happens to pass by the trunk of a tree and its nosestring gets entangled in that and he finds it entangled therein? He (in response to the question of the Holy Prophet) said: Allah’s Messenger, he would feel highly delighted. Thereupon Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) said. By Allah, Allah is more delighted at the repentance of His servant than that person (as he finds his lost) camel. [Muslim]
Allah is happier than this man when someone turns back to Him and asks for forgiveness. Allah has someone to bestow Jannah to. He subhana ta alaa loves His slaves and is more merciful to His slaves than a mother to her child. Umar ibn Al-Khattab reported:
 
Some prisoners of war were brought in front of the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, and a woman was among them who was breast-feeding. Whenever she found a child among the prisoners, she would take it to her chest and nurse it. The Prophet said to us, Do you think this woman could throw her child in the fire? We said, No, not if she is able to stop it. The Prophet said, Allah is more merciful to His servants than a mother is to her child. [Al Bukhari]
Allah says:
O my believing slaves, who has transgressed against your own selves, do not despair of the mercy of your Lord. Indeed Allah forgives all sins, He is the most forgiving and most merciful. [az Zumar 39:53]
The merciful of the creation
 
Certain Names Allah azza wa jall uses only to describe Himself. He says:
Say, “Call upon Allah or call upon the Most Merciful. Whichever [Name] you call – to Him belong the best Names.” And do not recite [too] loudly in your prayer or [too] quietly but seek between that an [intermediate] way. [al Israa 17:110]
As for Allah‘s Name Ar-Raheem, Allah azza wa jall has described others by it:
There has certainly come to you a Messenger from among yourselves. Grievous to him is what you suffer; [he is] concerned over you and to the believers is kind and merciful.
[at Tawbah 9:128]
Allah many times mentions a Name alongside another Name. For example Huwal ghaffur ar raheem. He is oft forgiving and forgiving His slaves is from His mercy.
 
Ar Rahman and Ar Raheem and other Names
 
  • He couples Ar-Rahman and Ar Raheem many times.
  • Allah mentions Ghafoor 75 times, and He couples it with Raheem. Him forgiving His slaves is a sign of His rahma.
  • Allah couples Ar Raheem with Ar Rauf, means to be gentle/compassionate and His gentleness is from His rahama.
  • It is mentioned 9 times in Qu’ran that He is Tawwabur Raheem. When the believers turn to Allah, He turns to them which is again a sign of his Rahma.
Benefits we can learn from these Names
1. These 2 Names are Names of mahabbah. When we recite Surah Faatihah, in the first 3 verses, Allah tells us how to gain hope, love and fear. We gain hope and love with Ar-Rahman and Ar-Raheem, love with Rabbul ‘alameen, and fear with Malik al yawm mideen. Believer has hope with these two Names.
2. To Him belongs all types of provision and security. We affirm that good characteristics will always go back to Allah. The gentleness and kindness we see around us or that we posses, are rahma from Allah. Rain, sun, light, darkness, everything has its share of rahma and comes from Allah. Shows the greatness of Allah’s Rahma.
3. Instils in us hayaa in front of Allah. The salaf used to say; Feel shy in disobeying the One, with the limbs of your body that He has given you. O believer of Allah, if you want to sin, sin without using a blessing of Allah, sin without being on the land of Allah. This isn’t possible so have haya in front of Allah from sinning.
4. Never despair. No matter how many sins you commit, He can have mercy on you if you just turn to Him, Ar-Rahman. Every mistake or sin is an opportunity and a sign that it‘s time to get closer to Him. Whenever you commit a sin, call Him by this Name to have mercy on you and remind yourself of one of the most optimistic ayaat in the Qur’an, as mentioned above from surah az Zumar.
 
5 Obey Ar-Raheem, hold onto the Quran. Allah says:
It is He who confers blessing upon you, and His angels [ask Him to do so] that He may bring you out from darknesses into the light. And ever is He, to the believers, Merciful. [al Ahzaab 33:43]
Allah ‗azza wa jall mentions ways for you in the Qur’an to receive His special mercy as a believer. He says:
And obey Allah and the Messenger that you may obtain Mercy [ale Imran 3:132].
This mercy is only reserved for those who try their best to hold on to the guidelines, prohibitions, and commandments mentioned in the Qur’an and Sunnah.
And this [Qur’an] is a book, We have revealed [which is] blessed, so follow it and fear Allah so that you may receive Mercy [al An’aam 6:155].
6. Strive for taqwa. Allah says:
 
O you who have believed, have taqwa of Allah and believe in His Messenger; He will [then] give you a double portion of His mercy and make for you a light by which you will walk and forgive you; and Allah is Forgiving and Merciful [al Hadid 57:28].
Taqwa can be described as consciousness which inspires you to be on guard against wrong action and eager for actions which please Allah azza wa jall and to stay away from those actions which displease and anger him. Tips to increase your taqwa are: be alert to whatever may divert you from Allah, and be alert to your desires that may lead you to the forbidden. Ascribe each success, material or spiritual, to Allah only, and long for His pleasure in everything you do, big or small. Renew your emaan by reflecting on Ar-Raheem‘s creation and remember death by living each day with the knowledge it can happen anytime.
7. Pray four units of prayer before asr. The Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam said:
 
May Allah have mercy on one who prays four raka‘aat before the asr Prayer [At-Tirmidhi].
8. Listen to the Qur’an attentively.
 
So when the Quran is recited, listen to it and pay attention, that you may receive mercy [al A’raaf 7:204].
Have you noticed the effect on your heart when you sit and listen to the Qur’an with your ears and heart, with no distractions around you? The more you respect and honour the Book of Allah, the more cure, guidance and mercy you will receive through it.
9. Turn to Ar-Raheem. Whenever Ar-Raheem gives you a trial, know that no one can
give you a way out but Him, so turn to Him as soon as hardship hits you.
 
And if Allah should touch you with adversity, there is no remover of it except Him; and if He intends for you good, then there is no repeller of His bounty. He causes it to reach whom He wills of His servants. And He is the Forgiving, the Merciful. [Yunus 10:107].
No matter what sin you commit, Allah azza wa jall forgives you if you repent from it. That‘s the beauty of Al-Ghafoor Ar-Raheem.
10. Ask Ar-Rahmaan for compassion. The Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam said:
 
He who is not merciful to our young (people) and who shows no respect to our elderly is not one of us. [At-Tirmidhi]
Ask Allah azza wa jall to bless you with a soft heart and to enable you to feel compassion towards your relatives, friends, and the whole Muslim nation. How many do not feel responsible or attached to the ummah?
The Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam said: The similitude of believers in regard to mutual love, affection, fellow-feeling is that of one body; when any limb of it aches, the whole body aches, because of sleeplessness and fever. [Muslim]
 
Being kind to others is a blessing.
Know that kind and compassionate treatment is liked by Ar-Raheem and is in fact His blessing from Him to you. A person who is hardhearted is deprived of this divine blessing and mercy.
 
Aishah radiyallahu anha reported that some Bedouins came to the Messenger of Allah salallahu alayhi wasallam and asked, Do you kiss your children?‘ He replied,Yes.‘ They then said: By Allah, we do not kiss them.‘ He then replied, I cannot help you if Allah has snatched kindness from your hearts.‘ [Al-Bukhari, Muslim]
So open up your heart to others and constantly warm your heart with the remembrance of Allah azza wa jall.
Side note: Du’a is speaking to Allah, having a conversation with Him. Once a person speaks like this, calling on Allah by His Names and Attributes, the thing he wanted and was going to supplicate for wouldn’t matter anymore, he just ends up wanting to speak to Allah.

An Explanation ofAllahs Beautiful Names and Attributes part 1

These are course notes sent to me by a sister. I hope everyone finds this of benefit. Her notes are very detailed mashaAllah so I will be posting it in parts.
Introduction
Alhamdulillah wassalatu wassalamu ala Rasoolillah wa ala aalihi wa sahbihi wassalam tasleeman katheeran
An explanation of the Beautiful Names and Attributes of Allah is a document put together using notes taken from an in-depth and detailed course on this topic. The notes were taken as comprehensively as possible during lessons, however in certain places where anything had been missed out and also to expand on the explanation of some of the Names, content has been used from the Names and Attributes posts from the website ‗understandquran.com.‘ The content from this website is in grey coloured font. Qu’ran ayat, ahadith and quotes have been added to enhance the notes wherever suitable. May Allah reward the people behind the course and the posts on the understandquran website, and may accept the efforts in putting this piece of knowledge together and sharing it. May we all benefit from these notes and apply what we learn in our lives, aameen.
To proceed: The most excellent and the most perfect of ‘ilm is to learn about Allah. To know about Him; about His Actions and about His Names and Attributes.
Allah says:
So know, [O Muhammad], that there is no deity except Allah and ask forgiveness for your sin and for the believing men and believing women. And Allah knows of your movement and your resting place. [Muhammad 47: 19]
Imam Bukhaari and others say that this ayah is proof that Allah has made fard the ilm about Him before action, because ilm comes before tawbah in the ayah and tawbah is an action. Therefore it is vital to learn about Allah.
Knowledge of the Names of Allah is the basis for all other knowledge.
Ibn al-Qayyim (may Allah have mercy on him) said: ―Knowledge of the Most Beautiful Names of Allah is the basis of all other kinds of knowledge, for all of these other branches of knowledge are devoted to either a command or a creation of His.‖ [Badaa’i’ al-Fawaa’id (1/163)].
Ibn al-Qayyim says one of the reasons for gaining the of love for Allah is : Making the heart aware of His Names and Attributes, giving it the opportunity of walking in the orchards of this knowledge, because whoever knows Allah with His Names, Attributes and Acts will certainly love Him. The knowing person is the one who knows Allah with His Names, Attributes and Acts, and then become sincere in his dealings with Allah, and then sincerely dedicate his intentions and purposes to Allah. [Madarij as Salikeen]
 
Aims in studying the Names and Attributes of Allah.
 
1.To gain closeness to Him through the knowledge of His Names and Attributes
2. To increase and have better muhabba and khawf for Him, to know and obey His Orders, and to fully submit to His Decree
3. To connect to the most beautiful Names of Allah with every minute of our life, by knowing, learning, memorising and understanding these Names with our hearts and by showing them in our actions.
4. To use these Names when making du’a as Allah mentions: And to Allah belong the best Names, so invoke Him by them. [al Aa’raaf 7:180] The more Names you know, the easier it will be to connect oneself to Allah, by remembering the relevant Names and to get solace and relief in times of stress and worries and to connect each situation we go through with the specific Names of Allah that link to our situations.
The slave of Allah must adorn his heart and fill it with the ilm of Allah. When this is instilled in the heart, the person begins to act the way Allah wants him to act – sincerely, perfectly and truly. His characteristics will become like those of Allah, for example he knows Allah is Ar-Rahman so he becomes merciful towards people, he knows Allah is generous so he begins to be generous towards people etc. The person starts taking from the characteristics of Allah. The ilm of Allah will change our hearts and it will change our lives. We will begin to see Allah differently as we gain knowledge of His Names and Attributes and this will change the relationship we have with Allah.
Allah says:
Say, [O Muhammad], “If you should love Allah, then follow me, [so] Allah will love you and forgive you your sins. And Allah is Forgiving and Merciful.” [Ale Imran 3:31]
Once we know about Allah, our ibadah will become perfect and we will attain pure tawheed.
Allah also says:
 
He is Allah, other than whom there is no deity, Knower of the unseen and the witnessed. He is the Entirely Merciful, the Especially Merciful. [al Hashr 59:22]
 
He is Allah, other than whom there is no deity, the Sovereign, the Pure, the Perfection, the Bestower of Faith, the Overseer, the Exalted in Might, the Compeller, the Superior. Exalted is Allah above whatever they associate with Him. [al Hashr 59: 23]
 
He is Allah, the Creator, the Inventor, the Fashioner; to Him belong the best Names. Whatever is in the heavens and earth is exalting Him. And He is the Exalted in Might, the Wise. [al Hashr 59: 24]
We call on Allah by His Names, for the du’a we are asking for. For example a person who has sinned should say Ya Rahman, Ya Raheem, Ya Tawwaab, a person who wants provisions should say Ya Razzaq etc.
Allah says:
And to Allah belong the Best Names, so invoke Him by them. And leave [the company of] those who practice deviation concerning His Names. They will be recompensed for what they have been doing. [al A’raaf 7:180]
The most perfect way to call upon Allah is by calling upon His Names and Attributes.
 
Principles of learning the Names and Attributes of Allah
 
1. The Names of Allah are all tawqefiyyah.
They can only be accepted as Names and Attributes of Allah if they are mentioned in the Qur’an and/or the Sunnah. We only accept shar’ee text when affirming the Names and Attributes of Allah.
Allah says:
And do not pursue that of which you have no knowledge. Indeed, the hearing, the sight and the heart – about all those [one] will be questioned. [al Israa 17:36].
He also says:
Say, “My Lord has only forbidden immoralities – what is apparent of them and what is concealed – and sin, and oppression without right, and that you associate with Allah that for which He has not sent down authority, and that you say about Allah that which you do not know.” [al A’raaf 7:33]
 
2. The Names of Allah are all Al-Husna.
The evidence for this is Surah Hashr ayah 24 as stated above (p.8). Linguistically Husna comes from word ahsan – perfect in every single respect. Ibn Qayyim says the shar’ee meaning is that the Names of Allah and His Attributes are perfect, without any sort of deficiency.
 
3. We must believe in the pillars of the Names and Attributes which are the following;
a) We must have eemaan in the Names of Allah; that these Names are Allah’s Names
b) We must have eemaan in what the meaning of this Name is. So we must believe that Allah’s Name is Ar-Rahman and also that He possesses Mercy.
c) We must have belief in what Allah does with this Name. So Allah has the Name Ar-Rahman, He posseses Mercy and He also has the Attribute of Mercy.
 
4. The Names of Allah are not limited by a number.
In Sahih Muslim it is reported that Rasoolullah sallallahu alayhi wassalam said: Allah has 99 Names, whoever memorises them (ahsaaha) will enter jannah.
From a linguistic perspective this doesn’t limit the Names of Allah to 99. Allah has revealed more than 99 Names (we will be covering around 106). But from this hadith, it means if we memorise/count 99 Names of Allah, then we will enter Jannah. Another evidence that Allah has more than 99 Names is that this will be putting a limit on Allah, and Allah is free from having any limits. Narrated by Ahmad (3704) from ‗Abd-Allaah ibn Mas‘ood who said:
The Messenger of Allaah sallalahu alayhi wassalam said:
There is no-one who is afflicted by distress and grief, and says: O Allaah, I am Your slave, son of Your slave, son of Your maidservant; my forelock is in Your hand, Your Command over me is forever executed and Your Decree over me is just. I ask You by every Name belonging to You which You have Named Yourself with, or revealed in Your Book, or You taught to any of Your creation, or You have preserved in the knowledge of the Unseen with You, that You make the Qur‘an the life of my heart and the light of my breast, and a departure for my sorrow and a release for my anxiety),‘ but Allaah will take away his distress and grief, and replace it with joy. He was asked: ―O Messenger of Allaah, should we learn this? He said: ―Of course; everyone who hears it should learn it. Classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in al-Silsilah al-Saheehah, 199.
This also shows that Allah has more than 99 Names.
 
The Names of Allah can be categorised into three
 
1. Names He called Himself with, informed the Angels in Jannah, but has not revealed to us.
2. Names that He has revealed to us in Qur’an and Sunnah
3. Names of Allah that no one knows except Allah.
What does ahsaha mean?
It has 4 meanings:
1. Person counts them and has memorised them all
2. He is aware of the meaning of the Names as well as having memorised them
3. That he knows how Allah is that Name, i.e. How He is Ar-Rahman.
4. That he makes du’a to Allah by calling him by these Names.
Allah has promised this person Jannah.
Allah is His general Name. His Names are general but can be specific. However if described as something in a specific situation, we don’t make tha general. For example ―wallahu khairul maakireen.‖ We don’t say Allah is Maakir or the Plotter as this is only for a specific incident, against the kuffar. We don’t say this is a Name of Allah as it isn’t from asmaa al husnaa. Another example when Allah mentiosn about the munafiqoon, ―they forgot Allah, so Allah forgot them‖ we don’t say Allah has the attribute of forgetting because this is a deficiency and is not an attribute of husna, and Allah’s Names and Attributes are free from any sort of deficiency and are all husna.

Depression

Having met many people who suffer from depression I wanted to learn more about it and try to understand it better. It’s one of those complicated illness that not many people understand yet so many suffer from it. The world health organisation estimates that 350 million people worldwide suffer from depression and that women are twice as likely to develop depression than men. Depression is also the leading cause of disability worldwide. So this is my notes from the course I attended.

Many people think that depression is solely a illness that’s “just in your head” yet when you look at what the professionals say, that’s not quite true.

Depression is a psychological, social and biological illness. So the cure also has to be psychological, social and biological. It has to be a combination.

So how can we help ourselves or someone we know that has depression? We firstly we have to be able to recognise the signs and symptoms of depression. We have to be able to know the difference between someone being sad or upset and someone being depressed. Sadness is not depression, that’s a normal human emotion. It’s what happens when we go through a stressful situation or a hardship. But it does not necessarily mean that you are depressed. Although sadness is often what people associate with depression it’s not what depression is. So what is depression like?
Depression is like drowning, except you can see everyone around you breathing.

Some of the signs and symptoms of depression are:
You can’t sleep
You can’t concentrate
You can’t control your anger
You are no longer interested in your hobbies
You are no longer interested in eating food you normally like
You are always tired no matter how much sleep you get
It feels like everyone else is moving forward in life but you’re stuck in the same place
You feel hopeless and are unable to stop negative thoughts no matter how much you try
You have unexplained aches and pains

When we recognise these symptoms we should seek help. We can seek help from many places; from your local imam, your family and friends or your doctor or a therapist. It can be difficult to accept help from anyone but it is easier to overcome depression with help. They can support you and help encourage you.
There are 2 main ways of seeking help from healthcare professionals:
1) psychotherapy/counselling – there are many different types of counselling available and studies have shown that it can be as good as medication.
2) medication – there are many misconceptions about taking anti-depressants but studies have shown that taking medication increases your chances of helping overcome depression by 50-60% but it does take time for the medication to start working so you will have to be patient when you start taking them.

Along with seeking help from others you also have to help yourself. You have to change something in your life and break the cycle.

Depression leads to low energy/fatigue which leads to decreased activity and neglecting responsibilities which leads to increased guilt and hopelessness this then in turn make the depression worse. This becomes a vicious cycle.
To break this cycle you have to make a change, it doesn’t have to be a big change even something small can help to break it, but it has to be something you know will help you. it could be anything from taking a walk daily or exercising or reading or writing or even doing some art work.

One of the best things we can do to overcome depression is to follow the sunnah. The Prophet (saw) taught us so many things which teach good mental health. So doing things like spreading salaam, smiling at others, keeping family ties, being good to your spouse, avoiding the haram eg. alcohol, eating in moderation, being modest and giving gifts can help us to feel better within ourselves and so in turn help us to overcome depression. This is just a short list of things he (saw) taught us, we can find many more examples throughout his seerah.

We look at others “perfect” lives on social media and then we see all the horrors that happen around the world on the news. It’s like whiplash. We see two extremes and caught up in this. We spend time on social media looking at the “amazing lives” people are living but we feel we can’t attain this so we feel low. But this is only a snapshot of their best times. We don’t really know what their lives are like outside of social media.

Don’t dwell on the past, move forward towards your goals. Look to the example of the prophet (saw), he didn’t dwell on his persecution in Makkah. He moved to Medina but still smiled and carried on living his life. Look to those who are worse off than you, it will make you grateful for what you have and encourage you to help.

Don’t dwell, do.

Know it WILL get better. Depression can be cured.

Remember that we have an afterlife waiting for us.

Reading Surah kahf every Friday will give us a light from one Friday to the next. Learning the stories can help us. Look at the story of Khidr, we learn that something happens to you that you perceive as bad but we don’t know that everything ahead is good. Only Allah knows what’s ahead.

Verily with hardship there is ease. Verily with hardship there is ease. Quran (94:5-6)

This is the only place in the Quran that something is repeated. It’s addressed to someone who is going through hardship. These people may not hear the reassurance the first time so He says it again so that we can allow it to penetrate and hear it.