God eliminates what he wills or confirms, and with Him is the mother of the book. Quran (13:39)
And every small and great (thing) is written. Quran (54:53)
If everything is written in the tablet then what role do we play in changing our destiny? Can we really alter what’s been written? If it’s all written then why should we make dua and ask for things?
Know that if all the people get together in order to benefit you with something, they will not be able to benefit you in anything except what Allah has decreed for you. And if they all get together in order to harm you with something, they will not be able to harm you in anything except what Allah has decreed for you. The pens have stopped writing [Divine (Allahs) Preordainments]. And (the ink over) the papers (Book of Decrees) has dried.
So doesn’t this mean that everything has already been decided? But the hadith mentions pens, in plural. So that must mean there’s more than one pen writing our decree. We know many other times aside from the tablet in which our decrees are written. The angel writes in our mothers womb and we also have laylatul Qadr. From this we learn that there are other times in which Allah decrees what is written for us.
The prophet (saw) said: Allah has appointed an angel in the womb and the angel says, “O Lord! A drop of discharge (ie. semen), O Lord! A clot, O Lord! A piece of flesh.” Then if Allah wishes to complete the child’s creation, the angel will say, ” O Lord! A male or female? O Lord! Wretched or blessed (in religion)? What will his livelihood be? What will his age be?” The angel writes all this while the child is in the womb of its mother. (Bukhari)
Indeed, We sent it down during a blessed night (night of decree) Indeed we were to warn (mankind).
Therein (ie. on that night) is made distinct every precise matter
(Every) matter (proceeding) from Us.
So with there being so many times in our lives where our decree is being decided it makes you wonder about why we work so hard for things or bother asking Allah for anything. What amazes me is that actually we are encouraged in the Quran and sunnah to make dua constantly and ask for everything that we want from Allah. There has to be a reason right? Well there is and its a very important reason. Something we always need to keep in mind.
Nothing can change Qadr except dua. (Tirmidhi)
SubhanAllah so if there is a calamity written for us we can combat it with dua. We can ask Allah to change our situation, we can ask Allah to improve our situation and we can ask Allah to remove a hardship too. If our duas are sincere and consistent then it can be changed!
One of my favourite examples is Yunas (as), he was in the belly of a whale and Allah tells us in the Quran that he would have stayed there until the day of judgement if he hadn’t made the dua to Allah. So Allah changed what was decreed for him and he was allowed out of the belly of the whale.
There is nothing that is beyond our supplication. If Allah allows our tongue to move to ask for something then that means that Allah wants to give us something. We should strive to make dua constantly and consistently and never give up hope in the mercy of Allah. But we always need to keep in mind that sometimes what we are asking for is not good for us. We may not understand or be able to see why with our limited vision and wisdom but Allah is Al-Hakeem, the wise and He knows what is going to better for us. Allah always plans in our favour and He loves that we make dua to Him. He waits for us in the last third of every night to see who will make dua to Him so that He can answer it.
Prophet (saw) said: “The dua of any one of you will be answered so long as he does not seek to hasten it, and does not say, ‘I made dua but I had no answer.’” (Bukhari).